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Climate Watch

Preparing for FOCAC VI: China - South Africa co-operation in conservation and renewable energy

<p>As China&rsquo;s development puts increasing pressure on the environment, various measures have been implemented both domestically and, increasingly, abroad in an attempt to limit the impact. China&rsquo;s environmental engagement at an international level, including the agreement between the United States (US) President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping to cut carbon emissions (12 November 2014), signals the growing urgency of the issue.</p><p>Within the context of the China-South Africa engagement, there are also signs of this shift. Two key areas where this is evident are in China&rsquo;s growing role in conservation and the renewable energy sector. China&rsquo;s domestic demand for wildlife goods has motivated the Chinese government to sign a number of Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with African governments. In the renewable energy sector again, Africa&rsquo;s energy needs and untapped capacity for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) has created a vast potential market for global Chinese renewable energy firms. Both areas have become increasingly important topics within China-Africa relations, and feature on the Forum of China Africa Co-operation (FOCAC) agenda.</p><p>This policy brief examines the role of these two themes as a way of demonstrating some of the concrete ways in which China-Africa interaction is evolving in a world where sustainable development has become key.</p><p>Recommendation:</p><ul><li><p>co-operation between South Africa and China illustrates that agreements made need to be specific to the issue of concern. The second MoU in 2013 was particularly aimed at curbing the scourge of rhino poaching through co-operation in law enforcement, compliance with international conventions and other relevant legislation. Since the agreement, the Chinese government have been more co-operative. Thus, more African governments affected by the poaching crisis need to enter into detailed agreements on environmental conservation and illegal wildlife trade in order for effective regulation and law enforcement</p></li><li><p>FOCAC should be used as a platform to address the problem where African governments, especially South Africa, can set the agenda regarding illegal wildlife trade and put hard pressure on their Chinese counterparts by bringing poachers to book</p></li><li><p>South Africa is a lucrative market for Chinese RE companies, but the local RE industry requires more skills and technical (technological) knowledge if it is to truly become sustainable on the long-term. More should be done on a bi-lateral basis to formalise the transfer of skills and technical knowledge between South African and Chinese actors in the RE sector. Technology transfer should be more clearly articulated in any new FOCAC agreements as a priority in China-Africa co-operation</p></li><li><p>the South African RE case has shown that a combination of laws and the provision of market security can stimulate economic investment in which African economies can themselves move up the value chain. South Africa with its relatively strong administrative capacity should provide assistance to fellow African states to follow suit</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 14:18:47 GMT

Water, food security and human dignity - a nutrition perspective

<p>This discussion paper examines the importance of water in ensuring food security.</p><p>One serious problem addressed in the paper is the increased importance of groundwater as a strategic resource as a result of the heavy exploitation of surface water. Another serious challenge highlighted is tackling undernutrition as well as overweight and obese populations. It highlights that encouraging healthy diets would make it necessary to use water and other resources more effectively. The paper also examines the challenge of reducing the food waste that leads to a large proportion of the water used in food production not being utilised effectively and as intended. The human right to adequate food and access to water is also examined. At the same time, the paper argues that the private sector pays a crucial role in managing water and food systems, in the form of innovations, technologies and financing, and the links to a public water policy.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 16:22:18 GMT

South Africa’s renewable energy procurement: A new frontier?

<p>This paper evaluates the key features of South Africa&rsquo;s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers&rsquo; Programme (RE IPPPP).</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">It builds on previous studies of its negotiation and implementation and unpacks the different levels of the programme and the diversity of players involved in it. It explores mechanisms for renewable technology diffusion, debates over &lsquo;favourable&rsquo; policy in emerging markets and the global development of wind and solar PV industries. The authors further highlight key tensions inherent in RE IPPPP between commercial priorities for &lsquo;bankability&rsquo; under the norms and demands of project finance, and the requirements for economic development and community ownership, to which definitions and perceptions of risk are central.</span></p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 16:05:16 GMT

Grassroots facilitators as agents of change for promoting sustainable forest management: Lessons learned from REDD+ capacity development in Asia

<p>This article explores the issues and concerns of grassroots stakeholders with regards to REDD+ policy and program development.</p><p>The lessons shared here are generated from REDD+ capacity development at grassroots level in South and Southeast Asia. Keeping in mind that the climate change and REDD+ are continuously evolving topics, the paper argues that sustained capacity development is needed alongside building skills to effectively communicate aspirations and concerns of grassroots communities to policymakers and thus help bridging a gap between them. At a macro level unclear land tenure, poor governance and conflicting land policies continue to pose challenges for designing and implementation of REDD+ and sharing potential benefits from it. To address some of these challenges, the paper argues that multi-pronged and multiscale sustained interventions are needed, supported by building partnerships, collaborations and synergies among stakeholders. Such a coordinated effort will ultimately contribute to future global climate regime and help in poverty reduction among forest dependent communities.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:57:21 GMT

Rural advisory services: What works? A synthesis on innovative approaches for benefiting and empowering farmers

<p>This paper presents an assessment of four types of Rural Advisory Services with two examples &ndash; from Africa and Southeast Asia &ndash; of successful agroforestry extension programs.</p><p>The four types are: a) Farmer-to-farmer extension; b) Rural Resource Centres and rural institutions; c) Community nurseries and agroforestry farmer field schools; and d) Civil society campaigns, radio and social network analysis.</p><p>Rural Advisory Services (RAS) are activities that empower farmers with knowledge, strengthen their capacity, and promote innovation. This need is particularly acute for agroforestry practices, which are typically knowledge-intensive, often requiring specialised skills such as raising seedlings in a nursery and pruning trees. The paper highlights that helping farmers access the information and services they need is therefore a key priority in agroforestry and, more generally, programs aimed at improving rural livelihoods.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:47:36 GMT

Climate and Development Outlook: Pakistan special edition - Learning to live with climate change

<p>This paper explores the work of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) in Pakistan.</p><p>It highlights that farmers in in Southern Punjab worry about increasingly frequent and intense floods and how they could affect their families&rsquo; property, especially as torrential rains and flooding are becoming more common and it&rsquo;s getting harder to cope.</p><p>CDKN is working with government, business and civil society in Pakistan to take a more proactive approach to planning and preparing for climate-related disasters. The national government is also paying increasing attention to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, so that Pakistan can do its part toward limiting climate change on a global scale. Although Pakistan has low greenhouse gas emissions, there are opportunities for development that is low-carbon as well as climate-resilient: opportunities to look at climate-compatible development in a holistic way.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:29:41 GMT

Coping with climate risk: the role of institutions, governance and finance in private adaptation decisions of the poor

<p>This paper looks at climate change adaptation from the point of view of households and asks how political and economic institutions may affect &ndash; help or hinder &ndash; these adaptation decisions.</p><p>The authors review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. They ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and risk coping, and also what these adaptive responses imply for development prospects, and in particular the prospects of the poor and other marginalised groups. The paper argues that some risk taking is necessary for development and adaptation therefore should be primarily about risk-coping rather than arbitrary attempts to minimise risks. It highlights that a previous neglected consideration for policymakers is how adaptation and development will interact dynamically over time.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:12:02 GMT

Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition

<p>Malnutrition is a challenge to the health and productivity of populations and is viewed as one of the five largest adverse health impacts of climate change. Nonetheless, systematic evidence quantifying these impacts is currently limited. Our aim was to assess the scientific evidence base for the impact of climate change on childhood undernutrition (particularly stunting) in subsistence farmers in low- and middle-income countries. A systematic review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed and gray full-text documents in English with no limits for year of publication or study design. Fifteen manuscripts were reviewed. Few studies use primary data to investigate the proportion of stunting that can be attributed to climate/weather variability. Although scattered and limited, current evidence suggests a significant but variable link between weather variables, e.g., rainfall, extreme weather events (floods/droughts), seasonality, and temperature, and childhood stunting at the household level (12 of 15 studies, 80%). In addition, we note that agricultural, socioeconomic, and demographic factors at the household and individual levels also play substantial roles in mediating the nutritional impacts. Comparable interdisciplinary studies based on primary data at a household level are urgently required to guide effective adaptation, particularly for rural subsistence farmers. Systemization of data collection at the global level is indispensable and urgent. We need to assimilate data from long-term, high-quality agricultural, environmental, socioeconomic, health, and demographic surveillance systems and develop robust statistical methods to establish and validate causal links, quantify impacts, and make reliable predictions that can guide evidence-based health interventions in the future.</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:11:21 GMT

Not just hot air: Putting climate change education into practice

<p>This report outlines five recommendations for policymakers on how Climate Change Education (CCE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) can be integrated at the national level.</p><p>These recommendations are focused on: 1) Policy development, arguing for integration of ESD and CCE into all levels and types of education and across the curriculum; 2) Governance and resources, calling for high-level support and a clearly defined national coordination structure; 3) Curriculum development, arguing that Ministries of Education and education planners should review, develop and strengthen their curricula to ensure that CCE and ESD feature at all levels of the education system. It highlights that new curricula should be flexible enough to be adaptable to local contexts. 4) Capacity-building of teachers and education planners; 5) Public awareness, communication and stakeholder involvement, arguing that governments should support non-formal education opportunities provided by communities, civil society and the media.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:02:30 GMT

The cost of inaction: Recognising the value at risk from climate change

<p>This report highlights that climate change is likely to represent an obstacle for many asset owners and managers to fulfil their fiduciary duties.</p><p>It argues that the asset management industry &ndash; and thus the wider community of investors of all sizes &ndash; is facing the prospect of significant losses from the effects of climate change. The report highlights that assets can be directly damaged by floods, droughts and severe storms, but portfolios can also be harmed indirectly, through weaker growth and lower asset returns. Climate change is a long-term, probably irreversible problem beset by substantial uncertainty. The report highlights that climate change is a problem of extreme risk: this means that the average losses to be expected are not the only source of concern; on the contrary, the outliers, the particularly extreme scenarios, may matter most of all.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:46:18 GMT

Building Environmental Resilience: A snapshot of farmers adapting to climate change in Kenya

<p>This report examines the practise used to build resilience to climate change by farmers in Kenya.</p><p>In October 2014 interviews were conducted with farmers and members of the organisations that support them in West and Eastern Kenya. The aim was to identify which practices are being used successfully to build resilience, and alternatively which practices increase vulnerability.</p><p>The report concludes that climate change adaptation in agriculture is a concern for many farmers in Africa. In the case studies reviewed in this report, adaptive strategies aim to address issues of environmental degradation and drought through building soil fertility and focusing on water capture, retention and storage.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:36:57 GMT

Climate-informed decisions: The Capital Investment Plan as a mechanism for lowering carbon emissions

<p>This working paper focuses on capital investment.</p><p>It concludes that relatively minor alterations to common procedures can reveal the trade-offs and local benefits of low carbon alternatives in the capital investment planning process.</p><p>It argues that the methodologies most able to effect the transformation to the local adoption of alternatives to conventional energy sources, technologies, and urban development will be those that are convenient and affordable to administer, and that offer straight-forward low carbon alternatives to traditional forms of infrastructure investment. The paper highlights that current methodologies for capital investment planning that do not take climate change into consideration can result in prioritisation of investments that diverge from a low carbon path and a potential missed opportunity to reap financial benefits from efficiency gains.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:24:10 GMT

Impacts of good practice policies on regional and global greenhouse gas emissions

<p>This report looks at the impact of &lsquo;good practice&rsquo; emission reduction policies in nine different areas globally and across six countries: China, Brazil, India, the US, Russia and Japan.</p><p>These include renewable energy, a variety of energy efficiency standards (buildings, car fuel efficiency, appliances and lighting, industry), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC&rsquo;s), emissions from fossil fuel production, electric cars and forestry.</p><p>The authors looked at the most ambitious &lsquo;good practice&rsquo; policies around the world that are being implemented now, and calculated the difference these would make if everybody were to apply them.</p><p>If all governments follow those governments that currently adopt the best climate policies in just nine different areas, the authors argue that they could reduce emissions close to the levels needed to stay on track to hold global warming below 2˚C. Direct replication of good practice policies is projected to halt emissions growth in most regions significantly before 2030.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:11:08 GMT

Benefits of a green economy transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa

<p>This paper explores the relevance, potential benefits and key arguments for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to pursue inclusive green growth to achieve sustainable development.</p><p>It begins by outlining the development challenges for countries of the region and how a green economy approach can help to address these, then goes on to outline the progress already being made. Many of the key economic, social and environmental benefits are outlined which, it is argued, a green economy can potentially offer to SSA countries. The key arguments in making the political and economic case for pursuing a green economy are also outlined. Finally, recommendations are made on the range of potential areas for intervention where donors and technical assistance organisations can best support countries in the SSA region to make the transition to a green economy effectively.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Aug 2015 13:56:11 GMT

Climate finance and water security: Zambia case study

<p>This Zambia case study has been developed for the project &lsquo;Research on climate finance and water security&rsquo;.</p><p>The project aims to identify the type and scale of national and sub-national programmes and projects that have been funded by climate finance and how they relate to local water security.</p><p>The case study report reviews the evidence base on water security and climate change for Zambia, and explores the nexus between the two thematic areas; reviews the policy and institutional frameworks for climate finance in Zambia, and sets out an analysis of the reported climate finance funds flowing from international donors. It then goes on to set out an analysis of the identified climate finance flows categorised in terms of their relevance to a hierarchy of water security issues and presents the study&rsquo;s conclusions and recommendations.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 13:40:40 GMT

Shifting power reader: critical perspectives on emerging economies

<p>Does the emergence of a multipolar global order open up policy space for alternative economic visions and pose a necessary challenge to a US and Northern-dominated global order? Or might it instead reinvigorate capitalism and exploitation by a new constellation of corporate elites?</p><p>How should social movements respond in a way that embraces needed changes to the post-colonial status quo yet supports communities struggles against the impacts of land grabbing, environmental destruction and rising inequality, this time perpetuated by emerging economy governments?</p><p>This reader contains a set of the TNI Shifting Power Working Paper Series:</p><ul><li>Emerging powers: Rise of the South or a reconfiguration of elites?</li><li>Brazil: From cursed legacy to compromised hope?</li><li>China Rising: A new world order or an old order renewed?</li><li>India in the Emerging World Order: A status quo power or a revisionist force?</li><li>The BRICS Alliance: Challenges and Opportunities for South Africa and Africa</li><li>BRICS: A global trade power in a multi-polar world</li><li>The Emerging Economies and Climate Change: A case study of the BASIC grouping</li><li>Land grabbing under the cover of law: Are BRICS-South relationships any different?</li><li>The BRICS and Global Capitalism</li></ul>

21 Aug 2015 09:48:02 GMT

The emerging economies and climate change: a case study of the BASIC grouping

<p>Among the most dramatic and far-reaching geopolitical developments of the post-Cold War era is the shift in the locus of global power away from the West with the simultaneous emergence as major powers of former colonies and other countries in the South, which were long on the periphery of international capitalism. As they clock rapid GDP growth, these &ldquo;emerging economies&rdquo; are trying to assert their new identities and interests in a variety of ways. These include a demand for reforming the structures of global governance and the United Nations system (especially the Security Council) and the formation of new plurilateral blocs and associations among nations which seek to challenge or counterbalance existing patterns of dominance in world economic and political affairs.</p><p>BASIC, made up of Brazil, South Africa, India and China, which acts as a bloc in the negotiations under the auspices of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is perhaps the most sharply focused of all these groupings. Beginning with the Copenhagen climate summit of 2009, BASIC has played a major role in shaping the negotiations which were meant to, but have failed to, reach an agreement on cooperative climate actions and obligations on the part of different countries and country-groups to limit and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These emissions, warn scientists, are dangerously warming up the Earth and causing irreversible changes in the world&rsquo;s climate system.</p><p>Long, complex and tortuous, the climate talks &ndash; termed the most important negotiations ever to take place in world history &ndash; could determine the survival and well-being of humanity for centuries to come. Already, BASIC has clearly altered the UNFCCC negotiations field and the relative weights of its major players. How it deals with the substantive issues at stake, and how its climate diplomacy develops, will have historic consequences for the success or failure of the climate talks, and in the long term, our planet.</p>

21 Aug 2015 09:32:30 GMT

Can green growth really work and what are the true (socio-) economics of climate change?

<p>This paper argues that growth, technological, population-expansion and governance constraints as well as some key systemic issues cast doubt &lsquo;green growth&rsquo; hopes.</p><p>It argues that such an evolutionary (and often reductionist) approach may well not be sufficient to cope with the complexities of climate change. It may rather give much false hope and excuses to do nothing really fundamental that should bring about a turn around on global GHG emissions.</p><p>The paper argues that climate change calls into question the global equality of opportunity for prosperity and is thus a huge developmental challenge for all countries, but particularly for the global South and a question of life and death for some developing countries.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

19 Aug 2015 08:53:09 GMT

Climate finance and water security: Synthesis report

<p>This synthesis report summarises research on how climate finance has been spent so far, and whether or not it has been spent on improving people&rsquo;s water security.</p><p>The report highlights that the global community has committed to mobilise US $100 billion every year, from 2020 onwards. The study aims to identify the type and scale of national and subnational programmes and projects that have been funded by climate finance and how they relate to local water security. Findings are summarised from three case studies in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Zambia.</p><p>There is a brief description of the definitions and methodology; a description of the water security, climate change trends and expected impacts for each country; a comparative summary of climate policy and finance trends across all countries based on previous findings from each case study; a summary of the main conclusions; and a provision of key recommendations.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

19 Aug 2015 08:44:27 GMT

Agricultural vulnerability to climate change in Sokoto State, Nigeria

<p>This paper examines agricultural vulnerability to climate change in eight selected rural settlements in Sokoto State, Nigeria.</p><p>An integrated approach is used which combines environmental and socio-economic determinants. Results show that while there were downward trends of annual rainfall and raindays in Sokoto, annual mean temperatures show upward trend. Annual droughts were of slight and moderate intensities during the period under review. The results also revealed that unreliable rainfall, desertification, increasing temperatures, scarcity of pastures and inaccessibility to credit facilities accounted for 86 per cent of the variation of agricultural vulnerability to climate change in the selected settlements in Sokoto State. The paper concludes that the determinants of agricultural vulnerability to climate change in the selected settlements in Sokoto State connote environmental and socio-economical stressors. The paper, therefore, recommends development of irrigation projects and planned grazing as well as provision of soft and accessible loan facilities to local farmers on a sustainable basis.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

19 Aug 2015 08:31:31 GMT

Reimagining India’s Urban Future: A framework for securing high-growth, low-carbon, climate resilient urban development in India

<p>This paper reviews the current state of the literature on Indian urbanisation to analyse existing urban development trajectories at the state level.</p><p>The aim is to understand the challenges Indian cities face as well as the opportunities available to them to adopt transformative urban processes that can foster inclusive economic growth that is also low-carbon. The paper explores the role of (urban) energy, multimodal transport, smart infrastructure, green buildings, water and urban finance to explore how and to what extent states are able to balance economic growth, urbanisation and carbon emissions. The paper argues that pathways of urbanization that can help India achieve its carbon commitments without compromising on growth are possible and identifies four core policy pillars for a new growth model for Indian cities.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 17:18:49 GMT

Synergies between Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

<p>This working paper discusses the interplay between energy efficiency improvements and the deployment of renewable energy technologies.</p><p>It argues that if the respective potentials in these two fields are combined, total global energy demand can be reduced by up to a quarter by 2030. Energy efficiency measures would account for half to three-quarters of the total energy savings, with renewables delivering the rest.</p><p>Quantitative analysis used data for eight countries &ndash; China, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States &ndash; covering half of global energy use.</p><p>The paper highlights that increasing renewables from 18 per cent in 2010 to 36 per cent by 2030 will create jobs, reduce pollution and provide half of the emission cuts needed to avoid the worst effects of climate change. It argues that following such a path is not only technically feasible but more affordable than current energy policies.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 17:08:41 GMT

Migration and natural resource scarcity within the context of climate variability in West Africa

<p>Drawing from research in rural north-western Benin, this policy brief looks at the effect of migration on the in-land fisheries subsector.</p><p>It emphasizes the need for effective participation of all stakeholders in the management of natural resources to improve livelihoods in the region facing population growth and climate variability.</p><p>The brief highlights that migration &ndash; internal and international &ndash; is an important feature of the social lives of people across West Africa. While movements within the subregion are generally due to complex and multi-causal factors, natural resource scarcity has served to influence movements especially in rural areas.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 16:53:29 GMT

Disaster Risk Reduction for Resilience and Sustainable Development in the Arab Region

<p>This brief gives an overview of the disaster trends and challenges across the Arab region.</p><p>There is a special emphasis on infrastructure, informal settlements, climate change, and cross-cutting issues such as governance, inclusiveness, decentralisation and legislation. The report also provides an analysis of proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Targets from an Arab Perspective.</p><p>As introduction is given to the issues around disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Arab region. The main trends and challenges in DRR and reliance building are identified, specifically around infrastructure, human settlements, climate change and cost-cutting considerations. There is a brief analysis of the proposed SDGs and major success stories on disaster risk reduction for resilience and sustainable development are identified.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 16:45:35 GMT

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: success or warning sign for Paris?

<p>This report reviews and discusses the agreed commitments and targets, as well as the negotiation leading to the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR).</p><p>It discusses briefly its implication for the later UN-led negotiations on sustainable development goals and climate change, including the Conference of Parties taking place in Paris, France at the end of 2015.</p><p>SFDRR was adopted by UN Member States in March 2015 and was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action: 1) Understanding disaster risk, 2) Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk, 3) Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and 4) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to &lsquo;Build Back Better&rsquo; in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.</p>

18 Aug 2015 16:12:02 GMT

Working towards a Smart Energy Path – Experience from Benin, Mali and Togo

<p>This publication outlines learning from the &lsquo;Energy, Ecodevelopment and Resilience in Africa (EERA)&rsquo; in West Africa.</p><p>Benin, Mali and Togo all participated in EERA which offers lessons to other countries on approaches that can be taken toward a &lsquo;Smart Energy Path&rsquo;. This strategy aims to meet peoples&rsquo; energy needs in an environmentally sustainable, resilient way, and is guided by a participatory decision-making process.</p><p>Key messages include that the governments of Mali, Benin and Togo place a high priority on providing collective energy services: energy that delivers health and education benefits and clean water to society.</p><p>However, renewable energy has not been fast-tracked as a way of increasing societies&rsquo; access to energy. All three countries are decentralising power to subnational governments and the paper argues that it is important that the institutional and regulatory frameworks define and reinforce the role of these decentralised authorities in energy policies and programmes.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 15:54:01 GMT

The (mis) allocation of public spending in a low income country: Evidence from disaster risk reduction spending in Bangladesh

<p>This paper focuses on the regional allocation of public spending for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Bangladesh.</p><p>The objective is to identify all of the directly observable determinants&rsquo; of publicly allocated and realized spending at the local government (sub-district) level. The Heckman two stage selection model is used with detailed public finance and other data from 483 sub-districts (upazilas) across the country. It is found that government does not respond to the sub-district&rsquo;s risk exposure as a factor affecting the DRR financing mechanism. The DRR regional allocations do not seem to be determined by risk and exposure, only weakly by vulnerability, nor even by more transparent political economy motivations.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 15:41:10 GMT

Does adaptation finance invest in disaster risk reduction?

<p>This report argues that there is a gap for disaster risk reduction (DRR) financing, which could be filled by adaptation funds that have the capacity to invest directly in DRR activities and to integrate DRR into their other activities.</p><p>It suggests that water and coastal protection are the sectors where DRR is most integrated. &nbsp;DRR investments through adaptation funds appear to be more focused on the poorest countries in comparison to DRR finance from international aid.</p><p>This was particularly the case for Small Island Developing States (SIDS). DRR channelled through adaptation funds also appears to prioritise activities related to the understanding of risks with a preventive aim, while DRR channelled through international aid prioritises effective responses after a disaster has occurred.</p><p>While there is a strong emphasis on the integration of DRR measures in national plans, the report argues that further work is needed to realise this objective in practice.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

18 Aug 2015 15:34:10 GMT

Gender and climate change in the Indian Himalayas: global threats, local vulnerabilities, and livelihood diversification at the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve

<p>This paper presents a case study from the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve outlining the implications of climate change for women farmers in the area, as well as highlighting the potential for ecotourism as a key livelihood asset.</p><p>It argues that ecotourism could strengthen the adaptive capacity of local communities&#39; in Uttarakhand, India, more broadly.</p><p>The paper intentionally employs a categorical focus on women but also addresses issues of inter-group and gender diversity. Suggestions for related research are proposed for consideration by climate scientists and social systems and/or policy modellers seeking to support gender justice through socially transformative perspectives and frameworks.</p><p>[Adapted from souerce]</p>

18 Aug 2015 15:29:01 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Mozambique fieldwork report

To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This report on Mozambique is part of a research project designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap. <br /><br />Two programmes emerged as appropriate case studies: <br /><ul> <li>GIZ:PRO-GRCI and II (Disaster Risk Management Programme)</li> <li>GFDRR / INGC / Ministry of Education and UN-Habitat Partnership: Safer Schools Project<br /></li></ul>The PRO-GRC programme was executed by INGC with advice and guidance of consultants from the German Development Cooperation (GIZ). This programme was selected because it was noted that one of the main objectives was to establish and reinforce holistic disaster risk management practice in Mozambique and that it was a large-scale programme, with a large budget and long duration. The team saw an opportunity to learn how the programme enabled government and other DRM actors in Mozambique to make better decisions on DRM and how the programme influenced the DRM context. The project included different actors and scales across national, regional, provincial, and community levels, working specifically on capacity building for DRM.<br /><br />The partnership programme, Safer Schools, was funded by GFDRR and UN-Habitat and so provided an opportunity to investigate how the World Bank-GFDRR approaches capacity building, in this case specifically in relation to building codes and guidelines in relation to school safety. The team was interested to learn about the inter-ministerial partnership and the very high level working groups that the project established. This project focused mainly at the national, institutional level. Both initiatives fit in with the selection criteria and reached from the national to the community level. The combination of the initiatives was believed to be an opportunity for rich findings for the fieldwork report.

13 Aug 2015 14:11:18 GMT

Measuring ‘subjective resilience’: using people’s perceptions to quantify household resilience

How should we measure a household&rsquo;s resilience? As resilience gathers momentum on the international stage, interest in this question continues to grow. So far, efforts to measure resilience have largely focused on the use of &lsquo;objective&rsquo; frameworks and methods of indicator selection. These typically depend on a range of observable socio-economic variables, such as levels of income, the extent of a household&rsquo;s social capital or its access to social safety nets. Yet, while objective methods have their uses, they suffer from well-documented weaknesses. Biases, such as the choice of indicators, the context-specific nature of resilience and the difficulties of capturing the less tangible processes that contribute to a person&rsquo;s resilience, all make the task of measurement difficult. Alternative approaches are therefore sought. <br /><br />This paper advocates for the use of one such alternative: the measurement of &lsquo;subjective&rsquo; resilience at the household level. The concept of subjective resilience stems from the premise that people have a good understanding of the factors that contribute to their ability to anticipate, buffer and adapt to disturbance and change. Subjective household resilience, therefore, relates to an individual&rsquo;s cognitive and affective self-evaluation of their household&rsquo;s capabilities and capacities in responding to risk. In this paper, we discuss the advantages of measuring subjective household resilience. First, we put forward different options for the design and delivery of survey questions on subjective resilience at the household level. We then outline some of the key limitations and methodological challenges of asking subjective questions and explore possible ways of overcoming various biases. Finally, we highlight how subjective household resilience can be used to improve policy and decision-making, through the evaluation and targeting of resilience-building activities, national and international resilience measurement, and the inclusion of bottom-up perspectives in decision-making processes at various levels of governance.

13 Aug 2015 13:49:25 GMT

Case study: Nepal’s agriculture, climate change and food security

<p>This brief is a country case study of Nepal produced alongside the DFID Topic Guide on Climate Change, Food Security and Agriculture. It highlights how climate change affects the situation of food security and agriculture in Nepal. The aim is to provide country offices with specific guidance on activities, barriers and opportunities for integrating climate change and Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) approaches within the national context.</p><p>Thia paper notes that:</p><ul><li>Nepal&rsquo;s government is aware and strongly committed to tackling climate change both nationally through programming, and internationally as chair of the Least Developed Countries Group in the international climate negotiations</li><li>this is despite, and because of its poverty Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world, with an income of US $730 per capita and 25% of its population in poverty. It is highly dependent on remittances from overseas, with just under one third of its GDP from this source</li><li>Nepal&rsquo;s Agriculture is important but seriously underdeveloped Agriculture is vitally important to Nepal, employing 65% of the workforce and generating over one third of the country&rsquo;s GDP. However, Nepal does not grow enough food to support its population: 14% of the population are food insecure, and two thirds of the population are food insecure at certain points of the year</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

13 Aug 2015 13:42:34 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Philippines fieldwork report

To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This report on the Philippines is part of a research project designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap. <br /><br />Two programmes emerged as appropriate case studies: <br /><ul> <li>OCD-JICA: DRRM Capacity Enhancement Programme</li> <li>Christian Aid: Philippines Resilience Programmes<br /></li></ul>The Office of Civil Defense (OCD) and the Japanesse International Cooperation Agency&rsquo;s (JICA) programme was included in this study because, upon closer investigation, it was noted that this was the leading government programme related to capacity building for DRM. The project was a ligned with recent DRR policies and laws in the Philippines and it included different actors and scales across national, regional, provincial, and community levels. The programme specifically worked on capacity building for DRM at all levels. Christian Aid&rsquo;s (CA) programme provided an opportunity to investigate how an international organisation assists in the capacity building process of smaller non-government organisations (NGO&rsquo;s). Documentation suggested that <br />CA had played a key role in supporting the creation of effective DRR networks in the Philippines and the team <br />decided to investigate that process more closely. The organisation specifically funded, targeted and assisted NGOs to integrate DRR into development programmes. <br /><br />Both initiatives fit in with the selection criteria and reached from the national to the community level. The combination of the initiatives was believed to be an opportunity for rich findings for the fieldwork report.

13 Aug 2015 13:25:55 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Pakistan fieldwork report

To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This report on Pakistan is part of a research project been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.<br /><br />Two programmes emerged as appropriate case studies: <br /><br /><ul> <li>UNDP&rsquo;s One UN DRM project</li> <li>Community World Service Asia&rsquo;s (CWSA) Capacity Building Programme<br /></li></ul>Upon closer investigation the team noted that while CWSA was a small operation, they had a positive reputation amongst the humanitarian community, with a significant part of their operations on capacity building for DRM. CWSA&rsquo;s partnerships with global initiatives such as The Sphere Project and HAP (in the SHA programme) enabled them to become capacity builders for DRM to INGOs, their implementing partners and to a lesser degree with UN agencies, Red Cross and government. CWSA also offered community level trainings and from the available literature seemed to excel in making training sustainable at both organisational and community levels. The One UN DRM programme provided a complete contrast in terms of size of operation, budget, type of organisation and focus, with DRM being just one component of a large, complex programme. <br />The combination of the two initiatives reached from national to community levels and was deemed to be an opportunity for rich findings for the fieldwork report.

13 Aug 2015 13:18:55 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Haiti fieldwork report

To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), an d as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This country study on Haiti is part of a research project that has been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap. <br /><br />Two programmes emerged as appropriate case studies: <br /><ul> <li>Red Cross Consortium:Reinforcement of DRM Capacities and Resources of the Haitian Populations (DIPECHO/9)</li> <li>GOAL:Operationalising a Neighbourhood Approach to Reduce Urban Disaster Risk in Two High-Risk Neighbourhoods in Port-au-Prince, Haiti <br /></li></ul>Four National Societies comprised the Red Cross consortium programme: Spanish, French, German and Haitian Red Cross, as well as IFRC Haiti. This programme was selected because, upon closer investigation, <br />it was noted that one of the main objectives was the creation, institutionalisation and standardisation of DRM systems in Haiti. The team saw an opportunity to learn how the programme enabled government and other DRM actors in Haiti to make better decisions on DRM and how the programme influenced the DRM context. The project included different actors and scales across national, regional, provincial, and community levels, working specifically on capacity building for DRM.

13 Aug 2015 13:08:04 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Myanmar fieldwork report

To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This country study on Myanmar is part of a wider research project been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.<br /><br />Three programmes emerged as appropriate case studies for this report: <br /><ul> <li>Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC): Strengthening DRR through Policy Dialogue, Technical Support and Building Capacity of Government and Civil Society Partners</li> <li>International Orgnanisation for Migration (IOM): Community-based DRR initiatives in South East Myanmar</li> <li>Myammar Red Cross (MRCS): Community Based DRR and Urban DRR programme (CBDRR and UDRR)</li></ul>

13 Aug 2015 12:45:05 GMT

Socially sustainable degrowth as a social–ecological transformation: repoliticizing sustainability

<p>This article presents the intellectual origins of degrowth, to explain how such a paradigm understands the question of sustainability.</p><p>Special attention is paid to the social and ecological limits to growth and to the social&ndash;ecological transformation envisioned by the degrowth paradigm. The paper concludes by stressing the contribution of degrowth to sustainability science and practice, and argue for a re-politicization of the science and practice of sustainability.</p><p>The degrowth paradigm emerged as an attempt to problematize the sustainable development paradigm, and the concept of a &lsquo;green economy&rsquo;. It emphasises a contradiction between sustainability and economic growth and argues that the pathway towards a sustainable future is to be found in a democratic and redistributive downscaling of the biophysical size of the global economy.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

12 Aug 2015 13:35:40 GMT

Growth isn’t possible: Why we need a new economic direction

<p>This report looks at the possibility of indefinite global economic growth in the context of climate change and energy.</p><p>It follows on from the 2006 report <a href="http://www.eldis.org/go/home&amp;id=21709&amp;type=Document#.VctHh_lVhBe">Growth isn&rsquo;t Working</a>, testing that thesis in more detail. The report argues that indefinite global economic growth is unsustainable &ndash; constrained by the finite nature of our planet&rsquo;s natural resources (biocapacity). It concludes that a new macro-economic model is needed, one that allows the human population as a whole to thrive without having to relying on ultimately impossible, endless increases in consumption.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

12 Aug 2015 13:23:36 GMT

Is global collapse imminent?

<p>This paper is an updated comparison of 1972 book Limits to Growth, with historical data.</p><p>Limits to Growth produced a &lsquo;standard run&rsquo; (or business-as-usual, BAU) scenario which results in collapse of the global economy and environment (where standards of living fall at rates faster than they have historically risen due to disruption of normal economic functions), subsequently forcing population down. This paper raises the issue of whether the current economic difficulties of the global financial crisis are potentially related to mechanisms of breakdown in the Limits to Growth BAU scenario. In particular, contemporary peak oil issues and analysis of net energy, or energy return on (energy) invested, support the Limits to Growth modelling of resource constraints underlying the collapse.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

12 Aug 2015 10:43:17 GMT

Planetary boundaries: Exploring the safe operating space for humanity

<p>This paper identifies nine planetary boundaries and proposes quantifications for seven of them. Planetary boundaries define the boundaries to avoid major human-induced environmental change on a global scale.</p><p>It argues that anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System have reached a scale where abrupt global environmental change can no longer be excluded. An approach is proposed with defines planetary boundaries within which the authors expect that humanity can operate safely. They argues that transgressing one or more planetary boundaries may be deleterious or even catastrophic due to the risk of crossing thresholds that will trigger non-linear, abrupt environmental change within continental- to planetary-scale systems.</p><p>The authors argue that the proposed concept of &lsquo;planetary boundaries&rsquo; lays the groundwork for shifting the approach to governance and management, away from the essentially sectoral analyses of limits to growth aimed at minimizing negative externalities, toward the estimation of the safe space for human development.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

12 Aug 2015 10:36:02 GMT

Ecological Footprint Atlas 2010

<p>The report summarises results and implications of the 2010 National Footprint Accounts, which provide accounting of ecological resource demand and supply for all nations with populations over 1 million.</p><p>It argues that humanity is in &lsquo;overshoot,&rsquo; using more resources than Earth can renew, while most economic recovery efforts are cementing the trend and not decreasing economies&rsquo; structural dependence on resource throughput and ecological services. The report highlights that acting aggressively now to implement sustainable solutions will mean lower resource costs, greater resiliency in the face of supply chain perturbations and better positioning to take advantage of opportunities presented by a rapidly changing economy.</p><p>It is hoped that clear metrics, like those found in the report, will make it harder for policy makers to ignore the threat of overshoot, and get stuck in debates over the &lsquo;affordability of sustainability&rsquo;.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

12 Aug 2015 10:28:15 GMT

Demonstrating 'respect' for the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards: the importance of community-collected information

<p>This paper argues that stakeholder groups &ndash; specifically indigenous and local communities living in or directly dependent upon forests &ndash; can often offer an important source of knowledge and capacity.</p><p>It highlights that these people can support data gathering for safeguard information needs, especially in places where existing monitoring systems cannot do so comprehensively. The paper argues that their involvement is important for protecting their rights, and critical for minimising the risk that REDD+, or the safeguards, could fail to meet their objectives.</p><p>It is argued that community information on a small number of indicators, consolidated at a national scale, can be useful for assessing the effectiveness of all of the safeguards. Information gathering by adequately trained communities can be as cost effective and accurate as professional information gathering, allowing decision-makers under budget and capacity constraints to build confidently on existing community-based information systems.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:49:43 GMT

A Pro-Poor INDC? Designing Indonesia INDC that enhance a low carbon and resilient development

<p>This paper makes several recommendations on developing a pro-poor Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) that includes mitigation and adaptation activities, particularly in Indonesia.</p><p>It argues that INDC presents two opportunities for developing countries: as an instrument for Parties to contribute in achieving the ultimate objective of the Convention, and as a means for developing countries to integrate a climate compatible development to achieve low carbon and resilient development.</p><p>The paper argues that poverty and inequality can be addressed while achieving low carbon development pathways. It presents integrating a pro-poor element into the development of INDC is a plausible option that will lead to improving resilience at the local, improving access to sustainable energy for the poor, and creation of green job through selective adaptation and mitigation actions.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:40:38 GMT

Groundwater and ecosystem services: A framework for managing smallholder groundwater-dependent agrarian socio-ecologies – applying an ecosystem services and resilience approach

<p>This report outlines the Water, Land and Ecosystem (WLE) conceptual understanding of groundwater-dependent and groundwater-impacting ecosystem services and devises an approach to guide research and policy development related to agrarian socio-ecologies highly dependent on groundwater.</p><p>It highlights an urgent need is to develop governance and management regimes that can balance the trade-offs between livelihood resilience and socio-economic development on the one hand and ecological resilience of groundwater-dependent agrarian landscapes on the other. It argues that it is of paramount importance that previous failures and shortcomings in governance of these types of systems be recognised and accounted for in timely and tailored governance paradigms in order to achieve longer-term sustainability and resilience of these socio-ecologies.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:28:42 GMT

Role of market mechanisms in Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

<p>This policy brief surveys the intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to the new international climate change agreement which countries have so far submitted.</p><p>The Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) intend to adopt a new comprehensive climate agreement at this year&rsquo;s Conference of the Parties (COP) in Paris. The shape of the new agreement is emerging only slowly, including the role market mechanisms will play. The brief assesses the potential scope of market mechanisms in the Paris agreement.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:17:02 GMT

Advancing comparative climate change politics: Theory and method

<p>This paper is based on the notion that the methods and conceptual tools of comparative politics can improve our understanding of global climate change politics.</p><p>Building on recent advancements in the field of comparative environmental politics, it offers a more comprehensive treatment of climate change politics in developed countries, emerging economies and least developed countries. An integrative approach to climate change politics from the bottom-up is presented, drawing on the theory and methods of comparative politics, drawing on new research from developed countries, emerging economies and least developed countries.</p><p>The key features of comparative politics are distilled and the author advocates for the more rigorous application of comparative methods in climate politics scholarship and highlight three groups of political factors &ndash; institutions, interests and ideas &ndash; that hold considerable promise in explaining climate change politics at the domestic level. The paper concludes with an appeal to (re)think how international and domestic politics interact.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:09:37 GMT

Strategic framework for resilient livelihoods in earthquake affected areas of Nepal

<p>This working paper explores the strategic choices and options for developing resilient livelihoods post-earthquake in Nepal.</p><p>The paper argues that a livelihood recovery strategy should adopt an integrated approach that brings together employment-intensive reconstruction work, the skill development of local people, enterprise development, microfinance, and social protection, as well as the capacity strengthening of government officials, local representatives, NGO workers, community-based organisations, and the private sector, to enable smooth and efficient recovery. For this a strong coordination mechanism is needed to maximize the various skills and resources of the multiple stakeholders involved in livelihood recovery. Finally, community empowerment is the centrepiece of rural livelihood recovery and key to sustainable and resilient livelihoods.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 15:59:46 GMT

The relationship between human rights and Disaster Risk Reduction revisited: Bringing the legal perspective into the discussion

<p>This paper explores the link between human rights and disaster risk reduction (DRR), analysing how a human rights-based approach may contribute to greater accountability and empowerment of those involved in DRR.</p><p>Four country case studies are reviewed and their main regulations on disaster risk reduction, taking into account the extent to which they adopt a human rights-based approach. The paper argues that countries whose legal frameworks allow for community engagement point towards greater community empowerment. Similarly, countries whose legal provisions make possible for holding States accountable for their underperformance in disaster situations suggest greater levels of accountability. The authors also consider key international human rights instruments binding the four case studies in order to analyse whether and to what extent international human rights obligations may support advocacy and accountability in disaster risk reduction. The study concludes that empowerment and accountability processes in disaster risk reduction can reinforce each other, and that human rights may contribute to progress in these areas.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 15:45:44 GMT

Knowledge apartheid in disaster risk management discourse: Is marrying indigenous and scientific knowledge the missing link?

<p>This article argues that indigenous knowledge (IK) is a key, but often overlooked, component of disaster risk management (DRM) and development planning.</p><p>It is highlighted that smallholder farmers in rural Zimbabwe have utilised IK for generations, especially in predicting rainfall patterns and managing drought conditions. The paper advocates for &rsquo;marrying&rsquo; IK and scientific knowledge on the basis that the two will offset each other&rsquo;s weaknesses, and that this hybrid knowledge could be be critical for promoting sustainable agricultural production in Zimbabwe. It also highlights that there are challenges associated with knowledge hybridisation, as these two types of knowledge are grounded on differing foundations.</p><p>Findings are presented from research on drought vulnerability and coping conducted in Zimbabwe&rsquo;s Buhera and Chikomba districts in 2009, particularly relating to utilisation of IK in smallholder farming communities. It is argued that unless IK is documented and preserved, its marginalisation will persist.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 15:28:30 GMT

Financing for development and Small Island Developing States: A snapshot and ways forward

<p>This paper provides a snapshot of development financing in Small Island Developing States (SIDS).</p><p>It paper reviews recent key data on domestic and international financial flows, such as development and climate aid, foreign direct investment, remittances, tax revenues and savings. It also explores in detail some SIDS&rsquo; continued struggles to maintain debt sustainability.</p><p>The paper finds that, on the whole, SIDS have not been able to leverage as much climate and environmental aid as may have been expected, despite their vulnerability to climate change and other environmental shocks. The paper cites limited capacities to apply for and manage climate finance (typically administered via complex funds), as well as unfulfilled donor commitments and a donor bias towards mitigation rather than adaptation finance, as reasons for this.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 14:59:50 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Preparing for FOCAC VI: China - South Africa co-operation in conservation and renewable energy

<p>As China&rsquo;s development puts increasing pressure on the environment, various measures have been implemented both domestically and, increasingly, abroad in an attempt to limit the impact. China&rsquo;s environmental engagement at an international level, including the agreement between the United States (US) President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping to cut carbon emissions (12 November 2014), signals the growing urgency of the issue.</p><p>Within the context of the China-South Africa engagement, there are also signs of this shift. Two key areas where this is evident are in China&rsquo;s growing role in conservation and the renewable energy sector. China&rsquo;s domestic demand for wildlife goods has motivated the Chinese government to sign a number of Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with African governments. In the renewable energy sector again, Africa&rsquo;s energy needs and untapped capacity for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) has created a vast potential market for global Chinese renewable energy firms. Both areas have become increasingly important topics within China-Africa relations, and feature on the Forum of China Africa Co-operation (FOCAC) agenda.</p><p>This policy brief examines the role of these two themes as a way of demonstrating some of the concrete ways in which China-Africa interaction is evolving in a world where sustainable development has become key.</p><p>Recommendation:</p><ul><li><p>co-operation between South Africa and China illustrates that agreements made need to be specific to the issue of concern. The second MoU in 2013 was particularly aimed at curbing the scourge of rhino poaching through co-operation in law enforcement, compliance with international conventions and other relevant legislation. Since the agreement, the Chinese government have been more co-operative. Thus, more African governments affected by the poaching crisis need to enter into detailed agreements on environmental conservation and illegal wildlife trade in order for effective regulation and law enforcement</p></li><li><p>FOCAC should be used as a platform to address the problem where African governments, especially South Africa, can set the agenda regarding illegal wildlife trade and put hard pressure on their Chinese counterparts by bringing poachers to book</p></li><li><p>South Africa is a lucrative market for Chinese RE companies, but the local RE industry requires more skills and technical (technological) knowledge if it is to truly become sustainable on the long-term. More should be done on a bi-lateral basis to formalise the transfer of skills and technical knowledge between South African and Chinese actors in the RE sector. Technology transfer should be more clearly articulated in any new FOCAC agreements as a priority in China-Africa co-operation</p></li><li><p>the South African RE case has shown that a combination of laws and the provision of market security can stimulate economic investment in which African economies can themselves move up the value chain. South Africa with its relatively strong administrative capacity should provide assistance to fellow African states to follow suit</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 14:18:47 GMT

Demonstrating 'respect' for the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards: the importance of community-collected information

<p>This paper argues that stakeholder groups &ndash; specifically indigenous and local communities living in or directly dependent upon forests &ndash; can often offer an important source of knowledge and capacity.</p><p>It highlights that these people can support data gathering for safeguard information needs, especially in places where existing monitoring systems cannot do so comprehensively. The paper argues that their involvement is important for protecting their rights, and critical for minimising the risk that REDD+, or the safeguards, could fail to meet their objectives.</p><p>It is argued that community information on a small number of indicators, consolidated at a national scale, can be useful for assessing the effectiveness of all of the safeguards. Information gathering by adequately trained communities can be as cost effective and accurate as professional information gathering, allowing decision-makers under budget and capacity constraints to build confidently on existing community-based information systems.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

11 Aug 2015 16:49:43 GMT

Integrating indigenous, local and modern knowledge for sustainable conservation and management of forest ecosystems in Nepal

<p>This paper reports on the documentation and assessment of different community based traditional and local forest and pasture management practices, drawn from five case examples in five districts of Nepal.</p><p>These cases cover aspects including evolution, innovations, and adaptation processes. Using field-based shared learning approaches, the paper explores the challenges and opportunities of integrating, synergising, and complementing indigenous practices with modern scientific knowledge and technologies.</p><p>Climate change, as the newest driver of deforestation, forest land degradation in Nepal, has been impacting forest ecosystem by fragmenting habitats, altering species composition, changing growing season, lowering biomass productivity, and increasing risks of fires and floods. The paper highlights that indigenous peoples and local communities have been coping with these changes by using their indigenous local knowledge, skills, and practices (ILKP) and making them more adaptive and resilient.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

03 Aug 2015 16:20:39 GMT

Projected climate change and impact on bioclimatic conditions in Central and South-Central Asia

<p>This report summarizes a set of bioclimatic indicators and the expected impacts of climate change on bioclimatic conditions in Central and South-Central Asia.</p><p>It is intended to provide a basis for understanding the potential impacts of climate change across Central and South-Central Asia and a knowledge base for the design and implementation of agroforestry practices, environmental conservation efforts, and sustainable development.</p><p>Under all scenarios, the spatial analysis indicates quick and drastic change in bioclimatic conditions in the near to medium term, and predicts significant and increasing biophysical and biological perturbation for biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services, and agricultural and pastoral production systems.<br />The major conclusion of the report is a necessity to recognize the central role of a rapidly changing climate and environment across central and south-central Asia, and the need to plan for adaptation within almost all aspects of sustainable development and conservation planning, efforts and policy.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

07 Jul 2015 14:58:47 GMT

The dynamics of large infrastructure development in conservation of the Serengeti Ecosystem - the case study of a road through Serengeti National Park. Phase 1 report.

<p>This report presents results from the first field surveys for the five Thematic Areas &ndash; Biodiversity (Zoology and Botany), Human and Animal Health (HAH), Environmental Science, and Socio-ecology - that was conducted along the proposed Serengeti road in Serengeti and Ngorongoro Districts. The project area comprises five sections, four of which are within community areas and one inside Serengeti National Park. The study is part of the capacity building project under &lsquo;Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services&rsquo; (IPBES) in Serengeti Ecosystem of Northern Tanzania.</p><p>The report highlights on background information to the study, objectives, research design and methodology, preliminary results, and important conclusions and predictions.</p>

13 May 2015 09:35:09 GMT

Factors affecting local ecological knowledge and perceived threats to the kori bustard (Ardeotis kori struthiunculus) in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Northern Tanzania

<p>This study examines local tribal knowledge regarding the ecology of the kori bustard (<em>Ardeotis kori struthiunculus</em>) and assessed threats to this species in Northern Serengeti communities. A picture of an indigenous kori bustard was presented to survey participants in villages in the study area. General knowledge on the kori bustard was tested in relation to the bird&rsquo;s general habitat, nesting habitat, food and number of individuals in groups. Of the survey respondents, 56.7% knew the name of the kori bustard and were therefore included in further analyses. The Maasai tribe showed the greatest knowledge of the species, with 98% of individuals identifying the species correctly. Additionally, male survey participants were generally more knowledgeable than females. No differences among age groups or individuals with different education levels were found, suggesting that there is a local knowledge transfer of the species to all age groups regardless of educational level of respondents and that education is not an obstacle to the local knowledge. The study concludes that nature of activities e.g. nomadic and social life, gender and tribes were contributing factors to the knowledge of the kori bustard in the northern Serengeti.</p>

02 May 2015 19:19:54 GMT

Interim assessment of revised National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPS)

<p>On behalf of UNEP-WCMC and the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway, Balakrishna Pisupati and Christian Prip have conducted an interim assessment of 25 national biodiversity strategies and action plans submitted after the adoption of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the &quot;Aichi Targets&quot; at CBD COP 10 in 2010. The review was commissioned as an activity in the UNEP project &ldquo;Support to GEF eligible countries for achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 17 through a Globally Guided NBSAPs Update Process&rdquo;, funded by the Global Environment Facility. The assessment undertakes a preliminary review of how countries have considered the Strategic Plan of the CBD and the readiness to achieve the Aichi Targets at national level. Although the assessment is based on a limited number of NBSAPs developed after 2010 (25), indications are that most NBSAPs use the Aichi Targets as an overall framework to set national targets and/or national priorities for action. However, as was the case for pre-2010 NBSAPs, issues of a cross-cutting nature beyond the direct drivers of biodiversity loss have received limited attention. This also applies to legal preparedness and resource mobilization for biodiversity. The assessment provides specific examples of national actions suggested in the revised NBSAPs, and a set of generic recommendations for countries that are still to finalize their NBSAPs. The interim assessment will be followed up by a more comprehensive assessment when a larger number of CBD Parties have submitted revised NBSAPs.</p>

13 Apr 2015 18:13:44 GMT

Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of Mexico's payments for ecosystem services program

<p>This document summarizes current findings from an evaluation of Mexico&rsquo;s National Payments for Hydrological Services from 2003-2010.&nbsp; Th evaluation seeks to understand the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the program, with the goal of extracting lessons learned and identifying room for possible future improvement.</p><p>Findings: an analysis of program selection criteria and the characteristics of lands enrolled suggests the program has met the dual goals of targeting funds to areas of ecological and social priority. Specifically:</p><ul><li>on average, land enrolled over all years between 2004 and 2010 had similar risk of deforestation, higher hydrological priority and similar degree of marginality to all forested lands in the country. That is to say, land which was enrolled was broadly representative of available land</li><li>looking at the evolution of the program over time, targeting to high deforestation risk and more marginalized areas has improved substantially between 2004 and 2010 due to changes in the program rules and the eligible zones resulting in the selection of higher risk and more poor recipients from within the applicant pool.</li></ul><p>One potential means of improving the ecological impact of the program would be to select properties with even higher risk of deforestation, as the average risk of deforestation among enrolled properties remains somewhat below the national average across all forested lands.</p><p>Two possible ways to do this would be to target further on the basis of multiple characteristics which determine avoided deforestation (in addition to INE&rsquo;s risk numbers) or to raise the payment amounts.</p>

16 Mar 2015 16:06:19 GMT

From Brazilian fields to Norwegian farms

<p>&bull; Brazil has a Federal Constitution and consolidated legislation that provide for the protection of the environment, health and welfare of workers in rural areas.<br />&bull; The large-scale agricultural export model used in Brazil, i.e. the state of Mato Grosso and particularly in the region where the soy exported to Norway is produced, has been causing severe social and environmental impacts.<br />&bull; Although Norway is a relatively small player in the global soy market, it has been a leader in the effort to fight deforestation of tropical forests and ensuring good sustainability standards throughout global production chains.<br />&bull; Denofa, through its Brazilian partner Amaggi, is responsible for most of the soybeans imported from Brazil to Norway; despite Denofa&rsquo;s good efforts to maintain best sustainability standards throughout its production chain, important challenges still remain to be addressed.<br />&bull; Openness and transparency of the entire supply chain are key elements to corporate social responsibility. Denofa possesses detailed information on suppliers and cargoes shipped from Brazil to Norway. However, the company has so far refused to disclose such information based on business sensitive reasons that are not entirely clear.<br />&bull; Denofa relies on comprehensive certification schemes managed by Amaggi to ensure the highest possible sustainability standards in the soy production chain. However, there are certain limitations related to such certificate schemes that may jeopardize the traceability vis a vis the actual situation on the ground. Lack of autonomous third-party verification and full confidentiality clauses are limitations that represent a breach in standards of transparency.<br />&bull; Interviews with local farmers during the field trip evidence that a departure from Brazilian laws and certification standards may exist in the following areas:<br />&bull; Use and spraying of pesticides close to houses and villages, which even if compliant with local regulations, represent an unacceptable risk to the health of residents and workers in the areas where the soy exported to Norway is produced.<br />&bull; Failure to comply with federal and state forest laws by suppliers;<br />&bull; Concern that Denofa may be importing soy planted inside indigenous lands, in violation of the Constitution.</p>

03 Mar 2015 17:22:21 GMT

Beyond the thumrule approach: regulatory Innovations for bioprospecting in India

<p>In the wake of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), there is unprecedented attention on good Green Governance, which implies the development of resource efficient, rights based and effective domestic frameworks to regulate bioprospecting. India has been pioneering in this regard due to its ABS legislation in 2002 that long preceded the Nagoya Protocol. However much has changed since 2002 and while India has learnt a great deal from its &lsquo;learning by doing&rsquo; method, there are valuable lessons that can be learnt from innovations in the ABS frameworks of other countries. The innovations of these countries are a great resource for National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in India that is seeking to make the processing of the bioprospecting applications in India more optimal. The current paper highlights the challenges faced by the NBA in processing the high volumes of bioprospecting applications, analyses the reasons for such challenges and proposes solutions for the same.</p>

19 Feb 2015 15:44:24 GMT

Biodiversity for sustainable development: delivering results for Asia and the Pacific

<p>This book focuses on biodiversity work in the Asia-Pacific region. It presents results, stories and photographs on innovations in monitoring endangered species, creating protected areas and managing them better, adapting to climate change, improving community livelihoods and energy efficiency, and diversifying crops. It presents examples of work to conserve land, water and ocean resources that have taken place since 2000, linking biodiversity with five themes: home, food and water, work and money, health and security, and happiness and love. It argues that biodiversity is a vital component of the most basic concerns of our daily lives, wherever we are.</p>

17 Feb 2015 12:17:09 GMT

Sankalp Forum: preliminary report

<p>Launched in 2009, Sankalp Forum, an Intellecap initiative, recognises and supports innovative, sustainable, high impact social enterprises. It builds an enabling ecosystem for early-stage social enterprises, channels impact investments, and engages over 11,000 stakeholders globally through collaborative year-round initiatives. It mobilises a community of entrepreneurs, investors, enablers and policy-makers to encourage innovation, facilitate scalability, and drive consensus on matters that aid social enterprise development.</p><p>Thus far, Sankalp Forum has focused its enterprise support and ecosystem building efforts largely on India, with some activities in South and South East Asia. It sees a tremendous opportunity for expanding its efforts to Sub Saharan Africa to grow local high impact small and medium enterprise (SME) ecosystems; and also build a knowledge and partnerships corridor between India and Sub Saharan African countries.</p>

16 Feb 2015 11:06:23 GMT

Land reform and biodiversity conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in conflict?

<p>A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas. Since 1994 a large number of land reform projects have been initiated which affect conservation areas. Many of these are concerned with the restitution of land rights. This has resulted in the conservation and land reform sectors often coming into conflict. Overcoming mistrust and poor understanding between the historically disparate land and conservation sectors is a matter which requires urgent attention. However, the most important issue is ensuring that people, whose land rights were violated by apartheid policies and sometimes by the creation of conservation areas, do not become victims of ideological battles.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, and to encourage better comprehension between the land and conservation sectors. It does this by analysing current experiences in South Africa with regard to land reform in conservation areas, and, through the use of case studies, exploring synergies and tensions which currently exist between these two seemingly disparate objectives.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper concludes that South Africa has achieved minimal success in reconciling land reform, conservation and economic development:</span></p><ul><li>the divergent goals of the land and conservation sectors result in conflicts which often lead to delays in the process of resolving land issues;</li><li>the joint management or contractual parks model used in South Africa to resolve land claims in protected areas appears to be unsuitable, given current power imbalances between conservation agencies and poor rural people. Rural people sign agreements in the hope of enjoying future benefits from the deals, but they are often frustrated by their inability to influence management decisions that have an impact on their livelihoods;</li><li>with the retention of the conservation status of land in all cases, land and resource rights remain unclear, with some rural people questioning if they have achieved any victory.</li></ul><p>What is needed is a serious rethink of approaches to reconciling land reform and conservation, including flexible policies which may include alternative land uses other than ecotourism, and broader bioregional strategies for conservation that look beyond protected areas in terms of planning, conservation and economic development. The reality is that South Africa is faced with spiraling levels of poverty and unemployment, high levels of inequality especially in land ownership and distribution and increased reliance among the rural poor on natural resources. Addressing the immediate and long-term needs of the poor, whilst simultaneously conserving the country&rsquo;s biodiversity, is no easy task, needing both the creativity and commitment of all players to compromise where necessary, and to get it right.</p>

12 Feb 2015 20:45:59 GMT

Internalising the Cost of Biodiversity loss using Translog Cost Function - wp276.pdf

<p>Aquaculture has rapidly developed as a thriving business in many developing countries in response to dramatic increase in the demand for shrimp from United States, Japan and Europe. Shrimp farming and aquacultural activities are mostly carried out in coastal regions as they provide vast tracts of saline lands coupled with an abundant quantity of wild seeds.</p><p>National governments are supporting this activity in the belief that shrimp farming can generate significant foreign exchange earnings, and enhance the employment opportunities and incomes in poor, coastal communities. As a consequence hundreds of hectares of land have been brought under this venture. But this expansion has several effects on the land and water regimes and is postulated to lead to the degradation of the marine environment.</p><p>This paper examines the impact of export-driven increases in aquaculture production on biodiversity in the Indian Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Biodiversity indices for three representative sites for a ten-year period are set up. These indices are integrated into a cost function for aquaculture farming to examine the impact of the &lsquo;ecological crop loss&rsquo; caused by increasing prawn seed collection from the wild on costs of the aquaculturist.</p><p>The study finds that within a translog cost function framework, the results on substitutability between inputs show that a land-intensive aquaculture expansion is indicated if biodiversity loss is to be averted. Furthermore, the existence of economies of scale in aquaculture production points towards the economic viability of such an approach. Other policy options such as a hatchery technology for seed production are less cost effective, while requiring at the same time, complementary measures to provide livelihoods to the large number of people engaged in prawn seed collection.</p>

07 Feb 2015 11:50:15 GMT

Waghoba tales: Adventures in leopard land

<p>Between 2007 and 2011, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research and the Centre for Ecological Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science received funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy (New Delhi) for a large project on Human-Wildlife Conflicts. The wider project involved many partners on both the Norwegian and Indian sides, and attracted co-funding from a diversity of other sources including the Research Council of Norway. Among the many sub-projects that were initiated it was the leopard studies that led to the closest and most productive cooperation between Norwegian and Indian researchers. This cooperation is ongoing even now, three years after the end of the original project. The leopard study had a great deal of focus on communication and outreach &ndash; and this booklet represents just one of these products. It is based on a translation from the original written in Marathi with additional sections added for a wider audience. The booklet is an attempt to provide insights into the process of conducting research as much as the results obtained. When people from diverse cultural backgrounds meet in rural India in the process of studying leopards some very bizarre situations can arise.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:42:16 GMT

A “Delphi Exercise” as a tool in Amazon Rainforest valuation

<p>The Amazon rainforest, the world&rsquo;s largest and most biodiverse, represents a global public good of which 15 percent has already been lost. The worldwide value of preserving the remaining forest is today unknown. A &ldquo;Delphi&rdquo; exercise was conducted involving more than 200 environmental valuation experts from 36 countries, who were asked to predict the outcome of a survey to elicit willingness to pay for Amazon forest preservation among their own countries&rsquo; populations. Expert judgments of average willingness-to-pay levels, per household per year, to fund a plan to protect all of the current Amazon rainforest up to 2050, range from $4 to $36 in 12 Asian countries, to near $100 in Canada, Germany, and Norway, with other high-income countries in between. Somewhat lower willingness-to-pay values were found for a less strict plan that allows a 12 percent further rainforest area reduction. The elasticity of experts&rsquo; willingness-to-pay assessments with respect to own-country per capita income is slightly below but not significantly different from unity when results are pooled across countries and income is adjusted for purchasing power parity.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:21:46 GMT

Guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments in terrestrial and marine environments in the Pacific

<p>This publication contains guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments the Pacific island countries and territories of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. It highlights that survey methodologies and systems selected as part of the guidelines should: Take account of the IUCN Red List status of species, enable the identification of priority habitats or areas based on those species and enable the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and/or other ecological significant areas. Also to address the identification of threats posed by invasive plants and fauna, take account of climate change implications, address approaches for the assessment of both marine and terrestrial ecosystem resilience and vulnerability and involve local communities in all aspects of the BIORAP.</p>

05 Feb 2015 15:16:09 GMT

Seeds without borders

<p>This policy brief reviews, reflects and discusses the challenges from the perspectives of technological, organisational, institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks within the variety development-seed production-seed use continuum. The brief proposes recommendations that can be pursued to further enhance the efficiency of the seed systems especially in supporting regional seed marketing and ensuring that women as &ldquo;natural custodians of seed&rdquo; benefit from the improved systems.</p><p>Governments and sub regional organisations such as Southern African Development Community (SADC) have to create an enabling policy and regulatory framework to improve the efficiency of the national seed systems and create diverse forms of delivery systems. These systems include the formal, public and private seed sector, and new innovative informal approaches that involve farmer groups (associations, cooperatives), individual seed producers and NGOs operating in a particular country.</p>

30 Jan 2015 13:36:00 GMT

Climate change in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas: The state of current knowledge

<p>The Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most ecologically sensitive and fragile areas in the world. In all likelihood, the effects of climate change will become evident here first and with the greatest intensity. This report synthesises the present knowledge about the consequences that climate change could have for the region. This thorough review of the existing literature, based on over 360 references, was prepared in consultation with more than 80 leading experts from the region and abroad. To identify and bridge gaps in climate change related knowledge for the HKH, leading experts in climatology, hydrology, environmental science, and other climate-related fields from across and beyond the region gathered at an Authors&rsquo; Workshop in Kathmandu on 18 and 19 August 2011. The workshop presentations and discussions form the backbone of this report, fleshed out with additional literature. Rigorous review sought to ensure a thorough and relevant report. The report captures the cutting-edge knowledge from the region in three major areas: climate and hydrology; biodiversity and ecosystems; and atmospheric changes. It also indicates gaps in knowledge and shows a way forward for systematic data acquisition and data sharing in the areas of biophysical observation, socioeconomic analysis, and policy research. This report not only should be of interest to planners and policy makers in the region, but should also provide vital inputs into global climate change negotiations.</p>

27 Jan 2015 18:12:03 GMT

Kailash sacred landscape conservation initiative – Feasibility assessment report

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China (TAR China) and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&rsquo;s most important rivers, and at the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalisation processes and accelerating development. The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) is an attempt on the part of the three neighbouring countries to join hands to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. The present report is a summarised synthesis of three individual Country Feasibility Assessment Reports, based on extensive field work and consultations aimed at delineating the target landscape and preparing a needs analysis for the KSL in general, and the KSLCI in particular.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:51:33 GMT

Gender and biodiversity management in the greater Himalayas: Towards equitable mountain development

<p>This publication presents six case studies on gender aspects of biodiversity conservation and management. They address conservation issues related to women&#39;s practices in: shifting cultivation (Bangladesh); use of wild yam (Bhutan); yeast production (Bhutan); in situ agrobiodiversity conservation (India); kinema making practices from soybean (India); and community forestry leadership (Nepal). The study contributes policy and research recommendations for promoting and improving gender-sensitive and -inclusive biodiversity conservation and management practices in complex mountain contexts. It will be useful for development practitioners, researchers, policy makers, development planners, and civil society organizations working on sustainable and equitable natural resources management in the greater Himalayan region.</p><p>The paper highlights that women have a critical role in maintaining and sustaining local-level biodiversity resources and hold extensive knowledge of crops and wild plants, agricultural practices, local species, and the genetic management of plants and animals. However, analysis of the gender dimensions of biodiversity management in mountain ecosystems is still emerging as an area of research.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:15:43 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape – Report on the experts regional consultation for transboundary biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD and the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar, to improve collaboration between China, India, and Myanmar in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation and technical sessions held in December in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. It also gives a brief account of updates on the landscape from China, India, and Myanmar and a regional synthesis of the pre-feasibility assessments prepared by each country. More detailed highlights from the pre-feasibility studies, which describe the landscape, the importance of the initiative, and steps taken to adopt the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the area, as well as the result of the consultation &ndash; a draft programme framework for transboundary collaboration in the area &ndash; are appended as annexes.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:26:14 GMT

Mountain biodiversity conservation and management: Selected examples of good practices and lessons learned from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

<p>This publication presents 15 case studies solicited by ICIMOD during the International Year of Biodiversity 2010. The case studies document mountain biodiversity initiatives implemented in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region, ranging from the protection and conservation of endangered species (such as the snow leopard, Acer pentaphyllum, and Himalayan golden mahseer) to integrated approaches to conservation, transboundary and otherwise, that link livelihoods with the sustainable use of biodiversity resources. While virtually all mountain biodiversity initiatives documented in this publication emphasize community involvement, a few have also leveraged local institutions and indigenous knowledge systems, integrating them with scientific knowledge to find a way forward. Most case studies capture good practices that can be replicated and scaled up, as well as lessons learned, thereby contributing to the Programme of Work on Mountain Biodiversity adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:15:00 GMT

Towards developing the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape – Report of the regional consultation to develop future strategic programme for biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD to improve collaboration between China and Pakistan in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation held in December in Kathmandu, Nepal and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. It also gives an account of the sharing of the process document which describes the landscape and the importance of the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:07:02 GMT

Caring for our transboundary landscape: Illustrations from the Kailash Sacred Landscape

<p>This collection of simple drawings is designed to raise the awareness of rural mountain people and help them better understand the various changes and opportunities in their landscape. Rural mountain communities are highly vulnerable to the changes occurring in their landscape due to climatic and other factors (including demographic changes and migration).</p><p>The first part looks at the changes and challenges in the landscape, such as impacts of climate change and unsustainable practices. The second part introduces solutions for better management and use of natural resources and introduces the concept and importance of collaborating across borders in natural resource management and conservation.</p><p>The publication was created within the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) and is intended in particular for communities living within the Kailash Sacred Landscape. However, its messages could be useful to mountain communities in a much wider context.</p>

26 Jan 2015 16:45:34 GMT

Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative: Regional Programme Implementation Plan 2012–2016

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI) is a collaborative effort of the three neighbouring countries in Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. This report is a synthesis of proposed activities based on a wide consultative process and national programme implementation plans submitted by partner institutions from each country. The Regional Programme Implementation Plan has been prepared for the five-year period 2012-2016 and describes how various programme elements will be implemented and executed in the KSL on a regional scale.</p><p>The KSL spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&#39;s most important rivers. At the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalization processes and accelerating development.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:56:56 GMT

Environmental Stratification of Kailash Sacred Landscape and Projected Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystems and Productivity

<p>This publication documents a study that uses a quantitative spatial analytic approach to environmentally stratify the Kailash Sacred Landscape based on the Global Environmental Stratification approach. The study aims to stratify the KSL for use as a baseline for climate change research, for comparative studies, and to model the projected impacts of climate change on the landscape. A modelling approach based on statistical clustering was applied to develop a detailed bioclimatic stratification of the study area. Based on this classification, the impacts of climate change on the distribution of the bioclimatic zones, ecosystems, and vegetation types in the landscape were modelled and identified.</p><p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape is a recently designated transboundary conservation landscape comprising remote portions of the southwestern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and adjacent portions of northern India and northwestern Nepal.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:41:15 GMT

High-altitude rangelands and their interfaces in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

<p>The interfaces between high-altitude rangelands and other ecosystems in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region such as forests, wetlands, and agricultural land are suffering from degradation, desertification, and soil erosion, which are further aggravated by climatic and anthropogenic factors. However, more information is needed on the ecological role of high-altitude rangelands and their interfaces as a basis for developing and implementing plans for conservation and sustainable management of these fragile ecosystems. This volume has been compiled as a first step in addressing this knowledge gap. It contains a collection of papers and scholarly articles by ecologists, natural resource managers, and other professionals working on the high-altitude rangelands of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:21:11 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative – Report on the regional strategic meeting for developing regional cooperation framework

<p>This report presents the detailed proceedings of a two-day consultation meeting aimed at formulating the BSL Regional Cooperation Framework (BSL-RCF). The meeting was held at Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 26&ndash;27 June 2014.</p><p>ICIMOD and its partners in the eight Regional Member Countries have identified seven transboundary landscapes for programmatic cooperation from west to east across the HKH region: Wakhan, Karakoram-Pamir, Kailash, Everest, Kangchenjunga, Brahmaputra-Salween, and Cherrapunjee-Chittagong. The Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape is one of these transboundary landscapes and represents one of the most biodiversity and culturally rich transboundary landscapes, and is shared by three countries, namely, China, India and Myanmar. The landscape includes areas that are globally recognized as the &lsquo;Centre of Plant Diversity&rsquo; and &lsquo;Eastern Asiatic Regional Centre for Endemism&rsquo;. The biodiversity in the Landscape not only forms the basis of livelihoods of people living in the landscape, but also has universal value in terms of evolution and diversification of species, and as genetic repositories of crop wild relatives.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:16:19 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween landscape conservation and development initiative

<p>This report is on the third Regional Consultation on Developing Transboundary Cooperation for Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (BSLCDI) which took place in January 2014 in Kaziranga, Assam, India. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) has a &lsquo;Regional Programme&rsquo; platform for enhancing cooperation among eight member countries in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.</p><p>Transboundary Landscapes is one of the regional programmes that aim to promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources (biodiversity, rangelands, farming systems, forests, wetlands and watersheds) in landscapes defined by ecosystems rather than administrative boundaries. The programme also seeks to promote sustainable management of natural and cultural heritage.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:06:22 GMT

Understanding the transboundary Karakoram-Pamir landscape

<p>This publication provides a baseline on issues related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in the Karakoram-Pamir region of China and Pakistan. The report provides an overview of available information on the major features of the landscape, its ecosystems and biodiversity, and the socioeconomic and cultural situation. It was compiled through the efforts of scientists and stakeholders in the two countries. The information is intended to support the development of a conservation strategy and associated comprehensive environmental monitoring action plan for the landscape, as well as being useful in the formulation of national strategies and regional cooperation frameworks.</p>

22 Jan 2015 14:54:08 GMT

Coping with climate change – the roles of genetic resources for food and agriculture

<p>This book argues that genetic resources have a critical role to play in feeding the world in the face of climate change and that more needs to be done to study, preserve and utilize biological diversity. It argues that crops, livestock, forest trees and aquatic organisms capable of surviving and producing in a changing climate will be needed and that policies.</p>

21 Jan 2015 13:50:50 GMT

Environmental livelihood security in Southeast Asia and Oceania: a water-energy-food-livelihoods nexus approach for spatially assessing change

<p>This document addresses the need for explicit inclusion of livelihoods within the environment nexus (water-energy-food security). The authors present a conceptualisation of &lsquo;environmental livelihood security&rsquo;, which combines the nexus perspective with sustainable livelihoods. The geographical focus of this paper is Southeast Asia and Oceania, which the authors highlight is a region currently wrought by the impacts of a changing climate. Climate change is the primary external forcing mechanism on the environmental livelihood security of communities in Southeast Asia and Oceania which, therefore, forms the applied crux of this paper. The paper provides a primer for using geospatial information to develop a spatial framework to enable geographical assessment of environmental livelihood security across the region. It concludes by linking the value of this research to ongoing sustainable development discussions, and for influencing policy agendas.</p>

21 Jan 2015 11:46:11 GMT

Payment for ecosystem services in South Africa: prospects for programme development

<p>The need to address sustained economic growth while simultaneously preserving the natural environment presents important policy challenges for countries such as South Africa. Growing concerns about climate change, a loss of biodiversity, and the poor management of natural resources such as forests and water all indicate that the benefits of growth &ndash; and its ability to deliver social well-being &ndash; must be increasingly considered in light of environmental costs.<br /><br />Some of the most innovative instruments focused on balancing growth and environmental impact are originating in developing countries. Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is one such instrument, used most commonly in Latin America, which is gaining increased traction.</p><p>Through the use of monetary and in-kind payments, PES incentivises landowners and communities to maintain intact ecosystems, restore the natural environments of degraded land, and use natural resources sustainably.<br /><br />In South Africa, PES is considered by a number of stakeholders as having the potential to mitigate climate change, as well as promote sustainable land use and the better management of scarce water resources. PES is also viewed as a way of promoting new livelihoods and generating more sustainable growth. This raises questions as to what a national PES programme in South Africa would look like.</p>

20 Jan 2015 14:01:11 GMT

Noah revisits biodiversity protection prioritisation

<p>The pledges to finance biodiversity preservation make up a fraction of the identified needs. Therefore, scientists must develop tools to help prioritise the many goals of biodiversity preservation. Analysts and policy makers often use the &lsquo;Noah&rsquo;s Ark&rsquo; metaphor to imply that society must choose how much biodiversity to save and which specific components of it to save.</p><p>This paper develops a framework for prioritising species conservation policies that advances the integration of the economic and ecological perspectives stating that economic models proposed to answer these questions do not capture the complexity and inter-relatedness that enrich ecological perspectives. Also, ecological models often ignore the anthropogenic aspects that drive economic analysis.</p><p>The author first develops a macro-oriented model that builds from Norgaard&rsquo;s framework (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) to address how big an ark to build. He then develops a microeconomic model that prioritises species&mdash;one that starts with Weitzman&rsquo;s model (<em>Econometrica </em>1998) and builds upon the work of Perry (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) and Arponen (<em>BiodiversConserv </em>2012) to include ecological concerns.</p><p>The author demonstrates this methodology with two examples from current issues concerning protecting Keoladeo National Park, India. First, he looks at maintaining the Gambhir River&rsquo;s natural flow (instead of impounding it behind the Panchana Dam) to help re-establish the Siberian Crane at the park. Then, he investigates the protection of satellite wetlands, which are part of the park&rsquo;s overall ecosystem, to enhance the Sarus Crane population.</p><p>In conclusion, the author explains that Noah faces the difficult task of deciding how big to build his ark and how many species to have on board thus, the macroeconomic and microeconomic models developed in the paper advance the integration of ecological concerns into economic models. The examples used illustrate that the models can be used effectively, especially if good quality data are available.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:47:38 GMT

Biodiversity prioritisation and gender

<p>Biodiversity is declining and will continue to decline through this century. Governments worldwide are concerned enough about that decline to increase their funding for biodiversity protection by over $10 billion annually (Secretariat of the Convention on Biodiversity 20 October 2012). But those pledges do not meet the $76 billion annually required.</p><p>Weitzman (1998) brought the Noah&rsquo;s Ark metaphor to this policy challenge. This metaphor is based upon the Abrahamic religions&rsquo; belief (<em>Torah </em>Book of Bereshit, <em>Bible </em>Book of Genesis, and <em>Qu&rsquo;ran </em>Surah 11) that God destroyed the world by a flood except for the people, animals, and plants Noah saved in the ark. So, the goal of the policy makers is to create a prioritisation scheme that guides a Noah-like policy maker in deciding which species to save.</p><p>Because the financial commitments to preserve biodiversity fall short of what is needed, the elements of biodiversity must be prioritised so that limited funds can be used most effectively. This paper addresses the key issue of the weaknesses in such prioritisation mechanisms with respect to gender concerns. It begins by defining biodiversity and how species are prioritised for preservation. Next, it utilises theories from the existing literature to analyse how each component of the prioritisation is likely biased when ignoring the linkages between biodiversity, gender, and economic development.</p><p>&nbsp;So, in conclusion, the author asserts that one cannot simply state that Noah or his economic analysts will always deflate or always inflate the ranking of species valued by women. Biodiversity protection has a complex relationship with gender and with economic development. Therefore for each case of biodiversity protection, gender must be analysed with respect to all four of the prioritisation components, as each component likely would otherwise be biased in various degrees and the directions of the biases can be contradictory. Only through careful analysis will the direction of bias be confirmed for each specific case.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:43:27 GMT

Land, biodiversity and the extractive industries in southern Africa. How effective are legal and institutional frameworks in protecting people and the environment?

<p>In the natural resources sector, laws are often formulated to regulate the relationship between men and the environment. Ideally, the law can play a vital role in regulating and protecting communities from adverse environmental and social impacts of mining, loss of land, biodiversity and natural wealth, as well as other human rights violations. Almost all countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have developed laws and institutions to regulate and monitor the extraction of mineral resources and their impact on the environment and people. However, the level of implementation and enforcement of those laws varies across the region and in some cases legal gaps exist.<br /><br />In light of this, the Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) commissioned research in three SADC countries &ndash; Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe &ndash; to assess the effectiveness of exiting legal and institutional frameworks governing land, social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector.</p><p>This policy brief analyses the findings of the three reports and identifies current legal and institutional frameworks in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Botswana that seek to protect land, biodiversity and communities from the adverse impacts of mining. It highlights good practices while also capturing crosscutting weaknesses and gaps in the legal frameworks.</p><p>The policy brief also analyses the institutional capacities of responsible government departments, whose legal mandate is to monitor and hold mining companies accountable, and looks at the domestication and application of regional and international instruments. More importantly, the efficacy of voluntary practices and standards adopted by mining companies and financial institutions to promote social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector is also assessed.</p>

13 Jan 2015 14:44:52 GMT

A programme for the implementation of the obligations of the convention on biological diversity

<p>In June 1992, Pakistan joined other countries in signing the Convention On Biological Diversity during the Rio Summit. The Convention places responsibility on the signatories by providing a framework aimed at conserving and sustaining global biodiversity. This paper summarises the framework of the convention under the following broad categories:</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Objectives: To conserve global biological diversity and promote sustainable use of its components through development of national strategies, plans or programmes and integration of the convention into national agenda. Also, Pakistan is expected to keep those relevant international agreements valid except those that counter the convention.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">2.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Principle: The sovereign right of countries to exploit the resources within national jurisdiction is recognized though the document applies to any activities and processes, which affect biological diversity beyond national jurisdictions.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">3.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Obligation for Pakistan:&nbsp; This category stresses cooperation, maintaining organised date, establishing protected areas fpr biodiversity habitat, regulation and management of biological resources within and outside these areas, provision of incentives for biological conservation and sustainable use, increased public awareness, creation of favourable condition for access to genetic resources and information sharing.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">4.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Opportunities: This category includes external technological and financial support for in-situ and ex-situ conservation, capacity building, impact assessment support to minimize adverse impacts, Fair and equitable sharing of research results and resources from commercial and other utilisation of genetic resources.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">5. Conference of the Parties</p>

11 Jan 2015 07:56:33 GMT

Access and benefit sharing under the biodiversity act: towards a more effective regime

<p>The Biological Diversity Act (BDA), 2002 was enacted by India so as to give effect to its commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 (the BDA became effective in 2004 after the Biological Diversity Rules (BDRs) were notified). The BDA has provisions for regulated access to biological resources (BRs) for various purposes including for scientific research, for commercial utilisation, for bio-survey or for bio-utilisation. These conditions of access are put in place to ensure conservation of biological diversity and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the commercial use of BRs and associated traditional knowledge (TK).</p><p>The BDA is a well-crafted legislation that takes into consideration the imperatives of implementing a complex law given the realities facing India.&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">Despite its well-crafted nature, the implementation of the BDA has many weaknesses. The&nbsp;provisions have not been implemented effectively, which was mainly due to inadequate awareness about the law among various stakeholders and the weakness of institutional mechanisms. Moreover, well-articulated guidelines, without which no legislation can be effectively implemented, are not yet in place. Considering the importance of promoting conservation and sustainable use of BR, there is an urgent need to remove the shortcomings being faced for proper implementation of the Act so that benefits can accrue to the communities who protect and nurture BR and associated TK. Strengthening of institutional and human resources will have to be carried out to ensure any meaningful BS from access to BR and associated TK in the country.</span></p>

10 Jan 2015 20:13:55 GMT

Implementation of convention on biological diversity in Pakistan

<p>Pakistan, covering a land area of 803,940 sq. km, is rich in biodiversity. It has been divided into 10 major ecological zones and contains up to 5,700 species of plants, 188 of mammals, 666 of birds, 174 of reptiles, 125 of freshwater and 400 of marine fish, and insects/invertebrates of 20,000.</p><p>The pressures on biodiversity have been attributed to rapid growth in human population, increasing numbers of livestock, commercial forestry practices, increasing use of fertilizers and pesticides, expanding agriculture, increasing numbers of industries polluting land, water and air, expanding settlements encroaching on wildlife habitats, commercial fishing practices adversely affecting aquatic habitats, water-supply and energy-generating developments, transportation, tourism and harbour developments and hunting at levels of exploitation.</p><p>This paper looks at Pakistan&rsquo;s implementation of the Convention on Biodiversity. It notes that the country has been a signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) since 1992, with the Cabinet ratifying it in 1994. The paper observes that in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the Convention, federal and provincial authorities have made significant attempts for the protection of biodiversity and natural capital of the country listing all the relevant articles of the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) towards the implementation of the Convention.</p>

07 Jan 2015 03:48:17 GMT

Technology Transfer in India: CBD, institutions, actors, typologies and perceptions. Sector: Herbal Medicines (biopharmaceuticals, botanicals and personal care products and cosmetics)

<p>The Convention on Biologcal Diversity (CBD) recognises that both access to and transfer of technologies are essential for the attainment of its objectives. This report explores a number of issues related to technology transfer with a particular focus on India asking questions on: typologies, actors, and institutions, perceptions and mechanisms. The report explores these issues for herbal medicine development and the use of medicinal plants particularly those based on the ancient written Ayurvedic medicinal system.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:18:37 GMT

REDD+ in India: managing carbon storage and biodiversity safeguarding in national forest politics?

<p>The report analyses India&#39;s approach towards the mechanism on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhance-ment of forest carbon stocks (REDD+), with particular attention to India&#39;s handling of both carbon and biodiversity matters.<br />The evolution of REDD+ under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is reviewed. Based on a conceptual section on the meaning of &#39;safeguards&#39; the report then provides an overview of the policy measures that the REDD+ debate has triggered from various transnational actors in response to concerns that its implementation might impact adversely on biodiversity. After a discussion of India&#39;s positioning in these international debates, the second part of the report analyses the country&#39;s institutional, legislative, financial and operational assets and challenges as regards realizing REDD+ along with biodiversity safeguarding on the ground.<br />Internationally, India has been a leading country in expanding the scope of a forest-based mitigation instrument in developing countries from carbon sinks to wider concerns, including biodiversity. Domestically, India has repeatedly stated that it has much to gain from REDD+, carbon benefits and other eco-system services alike. Still, it is found that India has not moved far in bringing REDD+ into function on the ground and thus has not reaped the potential benefits for biodiversity of REDD+<br />The report points to a degree of ambiguity in India&#39;s position on REDD + both nationally and internationally. While it has supported a multi-purpose REDD+, India has also supported the inclusion of industrial/short rotation plantations in a definition of forests eligible for REDD+ funding. Such plantations are known to have potentially adverse effects on biodiversity. While this corresponds to India&rsquo;s own ambitious target of doubling the area for afforestation and forest restoration, it also opens the door for trans-formation of biodiversity-rich areas.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:05:27 GMT

The integration of economics into Pakistan's biodiversity action plan: a case study

<p>An important economic reason behind the erosion of biodiversity is the underlying disparity between private versus social costs and benefits. Such divergence can arise because of intervention and market failures, which can be both biodiversity-specific and biodiversity-related and have relevance at the sector as well as project level. The term market failure also includes missing markets. This is the case with global warming, ozone layer depletion or species loss where global imperatives are not reflected in national policies. Conversely, as in the case of biopiracy (&lsquo;neem&rsquo;, &lsquo;basmati&rsquo; rice) multinationals present threats to indigenous biodiversity.<br /><br />The focus of this paper is on the integration of economics into national biodiversity strategies. There are two related aspects to such integration. First, biodiversity needs to be valued explicitly to alert decision makers to the importance of sustainable resource use and to ensure that protection and conservation efforts are undertaken. Second, economic policies and measures are a key component of such efforts. Not only are they a logical consequence of valuation exercises but also their market linkages assure conservation gains in a relatively efficient manner.<br /><br />An important corollary is that such policies and measures need not be restricted only to the biodiversity specific sectors, such as forestry, agriculture and rangelands. In some cases, such as in degraded water habitats (freshwater, marine), remedial measures can be sourced in sectors such as industry, households and energy, where the biodiversity linkages are indirect but equally important.<br /><br />Pricing environmental goods and bads is politically unpopular because it cuts into rents enjoyed by powerful groups. Thus policy and pricing initiatives require strong institutional support. Key to this are environmental protection laws, regulatory and implementation measures, which focus both on innovation and equity. Legal and regulatory measures should define property rights and espouse participatory management principles, aimed at empowering communities. A precondition for instituting such rights and principles are consultative processes to ensure that they are enshrined adequately in the laws.</p><p>It is obvious that a holistic approach to biodiversity conservation needs to be adopted. However, there are limits to what can be attempted or accomplished, in view of the inherent complexity of the problem and the associated funding and information constraints. Essentially, a phased approach should be adopted in establishing biodiversity-economic linkages.&nbsp;</p>

27 Dec 2014 16:06:24 GMT

Study on effluents from selected sugar mills in Pakistan: potential environmental, health, and economic consequences of an excessive pollution load

<p>Pakistan&rsquo;s sugar industry, considered to be one of the best organised industrial sectors in the country, is also among the country&rsquo;s leading economic enterprises, directly or indirectly employing over 10 million people (Hagler Bailley, 1999). Comprising 77 mills, 38 in the province of Punjab, 32 in Sindh, six in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), and one in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), the industry produced nearly four million tons of sugar during 2003-04 and has a full production capacity estimated at five million tons, well exceeding the estimated domestic demand of 3.6 million tons (GOP 2002-03). Almost the entirety of the sugar output is used domestically while molasses, a by-product of sugar production, is mostly exported to other countries. A few sugar mills also use part of the molasses to produce industrial alcohol (ethyl alcohol) a significant quantity of which is exported.</p><p>Pollution control measures for such a large-scale industrial operation must be carefully planned to minimise risks to health and environment. The sugar production process is known to produce substantial levels of solid waste, water and noise pollution. The highly polluted wastewater from sugar mills, in particular, poses a substantial danger to health and environmental quality.</p><p>This paper explores the health and environmental impacts of waste water releases from the sugar industry, particularly in terms of pollutant parameters that are found to exceed NEQS; the amount of pollution charge, as calculated under the notified government environmental rules and regulations, which the industry will have to bear over the years if it fails to comply with NEQS; and the international trade implications of not meeting environmental standards. It also appraises the technical and regulatory context in which the wastewater problem may be tackled, discussing existing environmental policies and legislation and available options including technologies for the reduction of wastewater volume and pollution load, end of pipe treatment, and recycling/reuse of waste water.</p><p>The recommendations that this paper makes include the following:</p><ul><li>to enhance the identification and implementation of appropriate control measures, industry should consider carrying out periodic &ldquo;waste audits&rdquo;, particularly for water use, to identify the level of waste discharge</li><li>government can encourage compliance with environmental standards by fostering favourable regulatory and financial conditions</li><li>government agencies can also facilitate domestic initiatives and cooperation by providing forums and opportunities for stakeholders to come together and tackle environmental issues in collaborative processes, such as the one effectively executed for the determination of the pollution charge system and self-monitoring and reporting /SMART programme</li></ul>

05 Dec 2014 13:05:34 GMT

Pakistan’s trade and environment related interests and suggested positions to be discussed at the Geneva WTO ministerial negotiations

<p>The increasing liberalization of the Multilateral Trading System along with other external factors continues to influence and shape Pakistan&rsquo;s global economic position. Currently the Asian market&rsquo;s ripple effects, increased imports and falling exports are the predominant trade factors. The cross cutting issue of trade and environment continues to be a hindrance for the developing world&rsquo;s efforts at gaining increased market access and this will require close monitoring by Pakistan.</p><p>This policy brief summarizes relevant positions that Pakistan could articulate in future negotiations when responding to trade and environment issues. While the intent of the paper is to outline external strategies that Pakistan could take, internal strategies will also be covered to a lesser degree in order to treat overlap and emphasize the need for inter agency and inter sectoral cooperation. It is hoped that a more collaborative research-supported, phased and monitored approach to trade and environment issues will aid Pakistan and the developing world in general to integrate into the global economy while achieving sustainable development goals and objectives.</p><p>Fortunately for developing countries, the Northern environmental agenda was stopped at the Seattle ministerial meeting through solid resistance from a unified South. The reality, however, is that trade and environment issues will continue to be part of the agenda during future rounds of WTO negotiations.</p><p>The paper is therefore states that there is a need to examine all related factors like consistency of trade measures taken for environmental purposes, environment and trade liberalization issues, trade measures taken pursuant to Multi lateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), trade effects of environmental measures, market access and environment, export of domestically prohibited goods, dispute settlement process, eliminating subsidies, trade related intellectual property rights and biodiversity.</p><p>The paper concludes by declaring that until recently, all debates within the CTE has revealed the in-built inequities and inherent imbalances in dealing with environmental issues. There is therefore a need to ensure that the Southern environmental agenda is also brought into the discourse. This position should place the trade and environment discourse within the broader framework of sustainable livelihoods, poverty alleviation, social and environmental justice, and the expansion of ecological and human security. The onus for such a position in Pakistan, the author asserts, lies with Government, scholars and policy oriented NGOs.</p>

02 Dec 2014 19:30:08 GMT

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Band-aids won’t save the polar bears: smarter climate adaptation needed - Insights Blog

The polar bear, floating mournfully away on an ice floe as his habitat melts around him, is perhaps one of the most well-travelled symbols of the impacts of climate change.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Public Interventions and Private Climate Finance Flows: Empirical Evidence from Renewable Energy Financing - Environment Working Paper

This study uses a unique dataset of investment flows to analyse the role of two categories of public interventions (finance and policies) in mobilising flows of private climate finance worldwide and in the more specific context of flows to and in developing countries. The objectives are threefold. Find out more.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:51:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Biosafety and the Environmental Uses of Micro-Organisms

Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases. This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Environmental indicators: OECD country profiles

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 12 Jan 2015 12:08:00 GMT

Working Papers on greening household behaviour

Latest Environment Working Papers on greening household behaviour: overview of results from econometric analysis and policy implications; energy; food; transport; waste; and water.

Mon, 05 Jan 2015 11:45:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:51:00 GMT

Can you have your green cake and eat it too? Environmental policies as an ingredient for economic growth - Insights Blog

In today’s hard times, policy-makers can find it difficult to sell their environmental policies. To many, these policies represent a burden on the economy.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:13:00 GMT

A clearer picture of climate-related development finance

The world will need more and better targeted financing to meet the challenges of global development post-2015. This means taking important decisions not only on what qualifies as official development assistance (ODA), but also on how those flows can be most strategically used.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 15:51:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

Find out how the OECD participated in the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) which took place from 1-12 December in Lima, Peru.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 17:43:00 GMT

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014

This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management of marine ecosystem services and water.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 12:09:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

Held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum focused on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion included the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and....

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 17:16:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

This meeting addressed green growth policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, water governance in line with green economy requirements, and reporting on the Task Force programme implementation and plans for 2015.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:00:00 GMT

The Ripple Effect: Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Insights blog

The world is facing unprecedented stresses, and we are going to need an unprecedented response. We’re doing our best to help create that response at the OECD.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

Ashley Madison founder steps down

The founder and chief executive of the Ashley Madison extra-marital affair website, Noel Biderman, steps down following data hack.

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 15:41:31 GMT

Brazil's economy enters recession

Brazil enters recession, as official figures show the country's economy contracted by 1.9% between April and June, compared with the previous three months.

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 13:19:21 GMT

Shanghai shares end wild week down 8%

Chinese shares have ended the week almost 8% lower after volatile trading that started on Monday with shock losses and spread fear to global markets.

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 20:48:38 GMT

Facebook hits billion users in a day

Facebook boasts a new record, with more than a billion people using the social network on a single day this week.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 23:47:46 GMT

Second-quarter UK growth steady at 0.7%

UK economic growth for the second quarter of the year was unrevised at 0.7%, official figures have shown.

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 09:07:29 GMT

Google rejects EU's abuse complaint

Google formally rejects the EU's allegations that its shopping links service amounts to an abuse of its dominance of search.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 16:07:41 GMT

China growth targets 'a fantasy'

Chinese billionaire Wang Jianlin, one of the country's best-known businessmen, says China needs to drop unrealistic official economic growth targets.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 10:41:50 GMT

Ukraine 'secures 20% debt write-off'

The Ukrainian government announces a debt restructuring deal with creditors including a 20% write-off, saving the conflict-hit country from default.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 17:08:42 GMT

Ashley Madison: Two women's stories

The BBC speaks to two women who say their lives have been dramatically affected by the hacking of infidelity dating website Ashley Madison.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 12:06:10 GMT

Qatar Airways relaxes pregnancy rules

Qatar Airways is relaxing rules that saw female cabin crew members who became pregnant face the sack.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 09:47:27 GMT

Top Tata man says EU good for business

Tata's head of strategy says it would be better for our business if the UK stayed in the European Union.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 05:05:21 GMT

Toyota restarts Tianjin production

Toyota says it will gradually restart work at its Tianjin plants two weeks after deadly chemical explosions in the Chinese port city.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 03:05:26 GMT

Zano mini-drones struggle to launch

Kickstarter raised it £2.3m but drone maker struggles to meet hopes

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 23:01:13 GMT

Israel imposes Heinz ketchup changes

The Israeli health ministry has ruled that Heinz tomato ketchup must now be sold as "tomato seasoning" in the Middle East country.

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 12:01:19 GMT

US growth revision boosts markets

Shares rise and oil prices jump 10% after revised figures show the US economy grew by far more than previously thought between April and June.

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 20:27:06 GMT

US September rate rise not 'compelling'

Federal Reserve official William Dudley has said that a US rate rise in September now "seems less compelling".

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 16:39:35 GMT

HP revenues hit by slide in PC sales

Technology giant Hewlett-Packard reports falling profits and revenues as sales of personal computers fall.

Thu, 20 Aug 2015 21:27:41 GMT

Greek PM quits and calls early poll

Greece's Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras announces he is resigning and is calling an early election.

Thu, 20 Aug 2015 20:29:19 GMT

Carlsberg cuts profit forecast

Shares of Danish brewer Carlsberg drop, after the brewer cut its profit forecast, blaming 'challenging conditions' in Eastern Europe.

Wed, 19 Aug 2015 11:14:28 GMT

German MPs back Greek bailout deal

German MPs approve a third eurozone bailout deal for Greece, after Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble says it would be irresponsible to oppose it.

Wed, 19 Aug 2015 19:41:39 GMT

China in deal with Africa's richest man

A Chinese state-owned engineering company signs a deal with Africa's richest man, Aliko Dangote, to build factories for his cement company.

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 16:01:59 GMT

South Africa rand hits all-time low

South Africa's currency falls to an all-time low against the US dollar over fears of a slowdown in China's economy.

Mon, 24 Aug 2015 15:15:52 GMT

Oil firm gets green light in Senegal

Oil and gas explorer Cairn Energy is given the green light for a major drilling programme off Senegal in West Africa.

Tue, 18 Aug 2015 11:11:28 GMT

China probes brokerages amid turmoil

Chinese police investigate four securities brokerage firms for possible stock manipulation amid market turmoil.

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 12:32:49 GMT

China cuts rates to boost economy

China cuts its main interest rate in a bid to calm stock market turmoil.

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 20:38:40 GMT

BHP profits tumble as China slows

Annual profits at BHP Billiton slid 86% despite slashing costs, as a collapse in Chinese demand for commodities hit the mining giant.

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 09:16:43 GMT

How will Shoreham's crash affect other air shows?

What will be the impact of the crash at Shoreham?

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 23:00:26 GMT

How video-on-demand is changing TV

How video-on-demand services are shaking up broadcasting

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 23:02:39 GMT

Is austerity saving or sinking Brazil?

Is austerity helping or hurting?

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 23:01:46 GMT

South Sudan businesses struggle in a 'war economy'

The people trying to make money in South Sudan

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:44:48 GMT

The watchmaker that hand delivers

The watchmaker who travels the globe to deliver

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 23:01:46 GMT

China's slowdown and cheap oil

How China's slowdown has pushed the oil price lower

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 14:58:55 GMT

Horses for sale in Ukraine

Is Ukraine right to sell off its equine farms?

Wed, 26 Aug 2015 16:49:57 GMT

Intel Inside... literally?

Is your body the next frontier for the chip giant?

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 23:09:09 GMT

The six Cs of the China stock slump

Six Cs that explain the recent market turmoil

Tue, 25 Aug 2015 08:02:59 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

9 hours battling death at sea off the Libyan coast

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Pakistani teenager Shefaz Hamza spent nine hours at sea clinging to the wreckage of a migrant boat that sank off Libya. By the time the coast guard arrived...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:40:06 GMT

Qatar Exchange index jumps 3.08pc

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Exchange (QE) index finished in the green yesterday, after a sharp rise in all sectors. The market gained 3.08 percent or 337.84 points to reach 11,...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:36:21 GMT

Arabs brace for weak oil for rest of 2015

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) A second oil price rout of 2015 has forced Arab Opec members to cut their price expectations for this year, showing they are prepared to tolerate cheaper c...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:35:17 GMT

Lebanon- Hezbollah, Christian allies boycott cabinet meeting

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) The Lebanese Shia group Hezbollah and allied Christian politicians boycotted a cabinet meeting yesterday, a sign of rising political tensions that have pa...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:32:03 GMT

IS kills two generals in Iraq

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) suicide attack claimed by the Islamic State (IS) group killed two Iraqi generals yesterday in the key battleground province of Anbar, as the militants ma...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:30:33 GMT

Iraq- At least 11 Daesh Militants Killed in Anbar

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) 11 Daesh militants, some of them belonging to foreign nationalities, were killed in a pre-emptive attack against a hideout of the organization east of Rama...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:29:58 GMT

At least 78 dead in Libya refugee boat disaster

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) At least 76 people have died after a ship carrying hundreds of migrants and refugees sank off the coast of Libya, the Libyan Red Crescent said Friday. The ...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:29:38 GMT

2 British journalists detained in Turkey

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Turkish police have detained two British journalists from Vice News who were covering the unrest in the restive Kurdish dominated southeast, the media comp...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:29:10 GMT

Iraq PM orders forces to prepare to open Green Zone

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al Abadi has ordered security forces to prepare to open Baghdad's heavily fortified Green Zone government and embassy area to t...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:28:59 GMT

Huge protest against graft in Iraq capital

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Thousands of Iraqis demonstrated against corruption in Baghdad's Tahrir Square yesterday, including supporters of powerful Shia cleric Muqtada Al Sadr. Pr...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:28:21 GMT

Nine hours battling death off Libya coast

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Pakistani teenager Shefaz Hamza spent nine hours at sea clinging to the wreckage of a migrant boat that sank off Libya. By the time the coast guard arrived...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:27:06 GMT

Qatar slams Israel's closure of Al Aqsa gates

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar has condemned Israeli closure of several gates of Al Aqsa Mosque for worshippers and allowing extremists and settlers to storm the mosque under the p...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:25:51 GMT

Qatar- Dust storm likely today, mercury set to rise

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) A dust storm is likely today with wind moving at speeds ranging from 19km an hour to 38km an hour and at times reaching up to 46km. By night, however, high...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:24:48 GMT

Qatar- Leaders send greeting cables to Moldova president

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Emir H H Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani yesterday sent a cable of congratulations to Moldovan President Nicolae Timofti on his country's Independence Day....

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:24:30 GMT

Qatar- Ministry warns over illegal animal shades

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) The Ministry of Environment has referred several people to public prosecution for action for building illegal shades in the desert to raise livestock. The ...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:24:01 GMT

Qatar- Stone laid for new building of Philippine School Doha

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Philippine School Doha (PSD) will be the first Philippine science school in the Middle East when the new school building is completed and opens its doors t...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:23:29 GMT

Qatar- Call for campaign against mobile phone pictures

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) The practice of people taking pictures of individuals, including young girls, in public places and posting on social networking sites is not liked by many ...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:23:20 GMT

Fewer Qataris make medical trips abroad

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) There has been a significant drop in the number of Qataris going overseas for treatment on state expenses. This is because of increasing availability of sp...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:22:30 GMT

Qatar- Overspending making many couples bitter

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Extravagant spending by wives for social prestige and show-off is leading to a lot of bitterness in the lives of many a couple in Qatar. In a report carrie...

Sat, 29 Aug 2015 02:22:25 GMT

UAE's DP World profits logs 22 percent growth in H1

(MENAFN) Global marine terminal operator DP World declared a surge of 22 percent in its net profit in the first six months, recording USD405 million compared to USD322 million in 2...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:29:08 GMT

Oman's fiscal deficit to expand at 12 percent of GDP

(MENAFN) Oman's very high economic dependence on gas sector is going to add pressure to the public finance in 2015-16, although it has an ongoing solid economic growth.Meanwhile, t...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:28:04 GMT

Saudi's foreign reserves shrink down 0.5 percent in July

(MENAFN) The world's largest oil exporter has begun issuing domestic debt aiming at covering part of a budget deficit cause by low oil prices, and the result was that the speed of ...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 08:27:01 GMT

UAE cuts September petrol prices as global oil falls

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) The UAE cut petrol and diesel prices by between 8% and 9% for September, the second month during which the Middle Eastern country, Opec's fifth-largest oil pr...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 06:41:46 GMT

Algeria targets hidden $40bn amid ignored oil-price pleas

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Day and night, trucks trundle the 10 miles from Algiers port to the suburb of Semmar, where workers unload and stack goods that will feed into a vast black ma...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 06:41:08 GMT

Egypt power choices appease public, but squeeze industry

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Far fewer Egyptians are complaining about the kind of power cuts that fuelled unrest in the past but government energy policies apparently focused on appeasin...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 06:41:07 GMT

Saudis seek guidance on economy as stocks gyrate

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Saudi plastic surgeon and stock-market investor Sami al-Harki is looking for help.Al-Harki already lost 40% on his shares, but doesn't want to sell before the...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 06:37:56 GMT

US- Short-handed Giants beat Cubs

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Joe Bochy, a San Francisco Giants scout, is in town to help evaluate the club on this homestand. Maybe he can turn in a report on his kid brother, Bruce.When ...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 05:36:19 GMT

Jordan- Rania: Muslims must do more to counter IS

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Queen Rania of Jordan said yesterday that moderate Muslims were not doing enough to fight against IS militants and their "diabolical ideology". Speaking at a ...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:26:47 GMT

Abbas heats up Palestinian politics in PLO reshuffle bid

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) President Mahmoud Abbas is acting to shake up Palestinian politics, with peace talks with Israel in deep freeze and unity efforts with Hamas Islamists who run...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:26:05 GMT

Iraq's PM orders easier access to streets closed by militias, factions

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi on Friday ordered military commanders to make it easier for civilians to get into Baghdad's fortified Green Zone while im...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:24:38 GMT

26 Indian nationals died in Qatar this month

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) A total of 26 Indians died in Qatar in August, taking the total number of deaths registered with the Indian embassy so far this year to 192. The total number ...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:18:43 GMT

Qatari, Mongolian armed forces stage joint exercises

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Qatar Armed Forces have ended the 'Decisive Decision 11' exercise with the Mongolian armed forces in the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar. HE the Minister of Sta...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:18:20 GMT

Qatar- Emir sends Independence Day greetings

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) HH the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, HH the Deputy Emir Sheikh Abdullah bin Hamad al-Thani and HE the Prime Minister and Minister of Interior Sheikh A...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:18:04 GMT

IMC pays tribute to Qatar Charity for supporting Ebola treatment

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) International Medical Corps (IMC) UK hosted a party this week in London to thank the volunteers who have given their time and expertise to assist with the dev...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:15:46 GMT

Qatar- Raffle draw

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Ghasham international RP Tech's 18th anniversary promotion raffle draw was conducted yesterday at RP Tech showroom, Barwa village, Wakrah. Mega prize FJ Cruis...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:14:17 GMT

Qatar- QNL's 'Back to School' event ignites creative spark in kids

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) A large number of children participated in the first 'Back to School Children's Event' yesterday aimed at enhancing their art skills and creativity through va...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:14:15 GMT

Qatar- Temperatures to hit 45C in Doha today

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Mercury is forecast to shoot up to 45C in Doha today, from yesterday's maximum of 43C. Strong winds are expected at places during the day, the Met Office said...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:13:08 GMT

Qatar- Israel's closure of Aqsa gates condemned

(MENAFN - Gulf Times) Qatar has strongly condemned the Israeli occupation authorities' closure of a number of gates of Al Aqsa Mosque in face of worshippers and allowing extremists...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 04:11:40 GMT

Qatar Airways 'shamed' into action over pregnancy, marriage

(MENAFN - AFP) Qatar Airways was shamed into relaxing its policy of sacking cabin crew for getting pregnant or marrying in their first five years of employment, a labour federation...

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 02:03:29 GMT

MERS virus kills 19 in week in Saudi

(MENAFN - AFP) Deaths from the MERS coronavirus have surged in Saudi Arabia ahead of the hajj pilgrimage, with 19 fatalities recorded in a week, according to health ministry statis...

Thu, 27 Aug 2015 12:08:18 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

OECD Week

OECD Week 2015 will focus on investment, inclusive growth, innovation, the new climate economy and the Sustainable Development Goals. It includes the annual Ministerial meeting, Forum 2015 and meetings linked to G20, B20 and L20 forums, bringing together Ministers from 34 member countries and Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, South Africa with representatives from business, trade unions, civil society, academia and media.

Tue, 02 Jun 2015 08:00:00 GMT

Lancio della prima versione italiana del Better Life Index all’Expo di Milano. Incontro con i media, 18 maggio 2015

L’OCSE presenterà i risultati della prima versione italiana del nuovo Better Life Index, ore 14:15 di Lunedì 18 maggio 2015.

Tue, 12 May 2015 16:50:00 GMT

OECD outlines action for governments to tackle heavy cost of harmful drinking

Harmful drinking is on the rise among young people and women in many OECD countries, partly due to alcohol becoming more available, more affordable and more effectively advertised, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 May 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2015

Composite leading indicators point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 12 May 2015 08:45:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 6 May 2015

OECD annual inflation stable at 0.6% in March 2015

Wed, 06 May 2015 15:43:00 GMT

Slovenia needs to increase reform efforts for a return to stronger growth

Economic reforms have helped Slovenia recover from the crisis, but further action is needed to strengthen the banking and corporate sectors, stabilise debt and create jobs, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia.

Mon, 04 May 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Sweden should urgently reform its school system to improve quality and equity

Sweden has failed to improve its school system despite a series of reforms in recent years. A more ambitious, national reform strategy is now urgently needed to improve quality and equity in education, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 04 May 2015 09:00:00 GMT

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urges OECD countries to engage on development goals

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today called on OECD governments to ensure that a series of major summits this year result in a new era of sustainable development.

Tue, 28 Apr 2015 16:50:00 GMT

Policy reforms would support farm competitiveness and inclusive growth in Colombia

Structural reforms and policies that support long-term competitiveness would ensure that Colombia’s agriculture sector contributes to more sustainable and inclusive growth, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 27 Apr 2015 10:34:00 GMT

Poland needs a strategy for moving to a lower-emission economy

Poland has combined robust economic growth with reducing some of the pressures on its environment since it joined the EU in 2004. It has also brought environmental laws closer to European norms. Poland now needs to lessen its economy’s reliance on fossil fuels and make growth greener, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for common principles for developing and communicating scientific advice

Governments would benefit from agreeing common principles for developing and communicating scientific advice, both in crisis situations and for long-term policymaking, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

OECD and Ukraine to step up co-operation on anti-corruption, rule of law and business environment

The OECD and Ukraine today signed an Action Plan for strengthening co-operation to help tackle corruption, improve public governance and the rule of law, boost investment and foster a dynamic business environment.

Wed, 22 Apr 2015 17:04:00 GMT

Pensions At Risk for 80 Million People in Latin America and the Caribbean

Experts and policy makers gathered today at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to discuss the future of pensions in Latin America and the Caribbean. A panel discussion moderated by CNN journalist Gabriela Frias explored different policy approaches to ensure greater coverage and sustainability of pension systems in the region.

Mon, 20 Apr 2015 14:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, fourth quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate increases to 65.9% in fourth quarter of 2014, 0.6 percentage point higher than one year before

Mon, 20 Apr 2015 09:30:00 GMT

SMEs and entrepreneurs need to diversify their funding amid continued credit constraints

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are fundamental for inclusive growth and jobs, but they need to broaden their sources of finance in order to reduce their vulnerability to volatile credit market developments, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 22:01:00 GMT

Україна повинна реалізувати на практиці свою нову антикорупційну стратегію та законодавство

Поширена корупція була однією з головних причин, що привели до зміни політичного режиму в Україні в 2014 році. Нова адміністрація пообіцяла боротися проти корупції – складне завдання в існуючих умовах економічної кризи та військового конфлікту на сході країни.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 18:47:00 GMT

Ukraine must enforce its new anti-corruption strategy and legislation

Widespread corruption was one of the main reasons that led to the change of the political regime in Ukraine in 2014. The new administration pledged to fight corruption, a challenging task in the current context of the economic crisis and military conflict in the East of the country.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 18:43:00 GMT

Kyrgyzstan must implement anti-corruption policies and laws to reduce corruption

Widespread corruption continues to be a major challenge for Kyrgyzstan’s development, despite efforts to streamline its anti-corruption policy and strengthen the institutional framework since 2012.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 18:35:00 GMT

OECD welcomes measures adopted by Spain to advance integrity

The OECD welcomed the legislative package on democratic regeneration recently approved by the Spanish Parliament in order to fight corruption and promote both integrity and transparency in political activities and institutions.

Thu, 16 Apr 2015 11:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes call for ‘Social Compact for Digital Privacy and Security’ as critical first step for trust and economic prosperity

On the occasion of the Global Conference on Cyberspace meeting today in The Hague, the Global Commission on Internet Governance (GCIG) issued a statement calling on ‘the global community to build a new social compact between citizens and their elected representatives, the judiciary, law enforcement and intelligence agencies, business, civil society and the Internet technical community..

Wed, 15 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Abenomics’ ‘third arrow’ key to revitalising Japan’s economy

The Japanese economy is on a path to stronger growth, but fundamental structural reforms are urgently needed to promote a more robust recovery, address high levels of government debt and reverse a trend toward declining living standards, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Japan.

Wed, 15 Apr 2015 00:00:00 GMT

OECD tax burdens on wages rising without tax rate increases

Taxes on wages have risen by about 1 percentage point for the average worker in OECD countries between 2010 and 2014 even though the majority of governments did not increase statutory income tax rates, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 14 Apr 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2015

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.0% in February 2015

Mon, 13 Apr 2015 15:54:00 GMT

Cities need new finance options and better governance to tackle future water risks

Rapid population growth, ageing infrastructure and new weather risks are straining the ability of cities in OECD countries to provide clean water and to protect against floods and droughts, according to a new OECD report. Cities will need large-scale investment and more effective tariffs and taxes to pay for upgrades to water systems.

Mon, 13 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Japan launches Wednesday 15 April 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Wednesday 15 April, assesses the impact to date of Abenomics: bold monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and a new growth strategy to revitalise the economy and exit deflation. The Survey discusses further actions Japan can take to reduce government debt and achieve faster growth through new structural reforms - the “third arrow” of Abenomics.

Thu, 09 Apr 2015 14:08:00 GMT

Costa Rica and Lithuania invited to open formal OECD accession talks

OECD Member countries agreed today to open membership discussions with Costa Rica and Lithuania.

Thu, 09 Apr 2015 13:50:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2015

Composite leading indicators point to strengthening growth momentum in the euro area

Thu, 09 Apr 2015 12:43:00 GMT

Iceland’s Inter-Ministerial Steering Group Must Make Prompt Progress in Fighting Foreign Bribery

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has serious concerns about Iceland’s lack of progress in combatting the bribery of foreign public officials, and to implement the OECD Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 09 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Development aid stable in 2014 but flows to poorest countries still falling

Development aid flows were stable in 2014, after hitting an all-time high in 2013, but aid to the poorest countries continued to fall, according to official data collected by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

Wed, 08 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 April 2015

OECD annual inflation broadly stable at 0.6% in February 2015

Thu, 02 Apr 2015 16:38:00 GMT

France must continue its reform process to boost growth and jobs

France has begun implementing a series of important pro-growth structural policy measures, but boosting medium-term growth will require more ambitious action to reform the labour market, curb high levels of public spending and taxation and create jobs, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of France.

Thu, 02 Apr 2015 16:00:00 GMT

Action is needed to secure future livelihoods in developed and emerging economies, says the OECD Development Centre

New global trend such as jobless growth, a rising youth population and resource scarcity threaten to undo much of the progress of recent decades in securing people’s ability to make a living, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre launched in Paris today at the OECD Global Forum on Development.

Tue, 31 Mar 2015 10:28:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Thursday 2 April 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of France, to be published on Thursday 2 April, assesses the factors behind France’s performance since the crisis as well as those holding back stronger economic recovery.

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 17:10:00 GMT

Swedish economy resilient but needs to focus on productivity and human capital to keep its edge

The Swedish economy has been among the most resilient in Europe, despite the slow global recovery and high uncertainty, but challenges remain if it is to maintain high growth and well-being and extend prosperity to all, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Sweden.

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 11:51:00 GMT

Luxembourg must diversify its economy and maintain a strong and resilient financial sector

Luxembourg weathered the global economic crisis well, but must take additional steps to foster the diversification of the economy while ensuring the continuing health of its financial sector, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:00:00 GMT

Promoting longer working lives is vital to improving Poland’s future prosperity

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help Poland meet the challenges of a rapidly ageing population. The percentage of old to younger groups (defined as share of over 65s to people aged 20-64) is projected to nearly triple from 22% in 2012 to 63% in 2050, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should enact reforms that allow the competitive parts of the farm sector to flourish

Switzerland should reduce trade barriers and limit the level of direct payments to farmers, as part of wider efforts to improve competitiveness of the agriculture sector, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 30 March 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 30 March 2015, assesses the country’s resilience, despite the current environment of sluggish global growth and high uncertainty. The Survey discusses how additional policy support can enable Sweden to maintain and improve the foundations for stronger future growth and ensure better integration of disadvantaged groups.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 14:15:00 GMT

Indonesia should accelerate reforms and invest in human capital to ensure sustainable and inclusive growth

The Indonesian economy has enjoyed strong and stable growth over the past decade and a half, leading to impressive reductions in poverty and major improvements in living standards. But challenges remain to continue to converge towards higher-income countries, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia.

Wed, 25 Mar 2015 04:00:00 GMT

Greece should tackle not only domestic corruption but also foreign bribery

The risk of Greek companies bribing foreign officials is substantial, but Greece has not given the same priority to fighting foreign bribery as it has to domestic corruption.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 17:51:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia launches Wednesday 25 March 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia, to be published on Wednesday 25 March 2015, assesses the policies behind the country’s strong performance and impressive reduction in poverty over the past decade. With growth moderating and income inequality on the rise, the Survey notes that the pace of reform must accelerate, to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth for all Indonesians.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 15:05:00 GMT

经合组织称,结构性改革可帮助中国稳步迈入增长放缓 但更具可持续性和包容性的“新常态”时代

经合组织最新的《中国经济调查》指出,在经济迅猛发展三十年之后,中国正转向增速放缓但更具可持续性的道路。当前需要深化改革,以确保日后实现具有韧性和包容性的绿色增长。经合组织预测中国的国内生产总值今年将增长7%,2016年将增长6.9%。

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 06:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can help China settle into a “new normal” era of slower, but more sustainable and inclusive growth

After three decades of extraordinary economic development, China is shifting to a slower and more sustainable growth path. Further reforms are now needed to ensure that future growth is resilient, inclusive and green, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 06:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: March 2015

OECD Unit Labour Costs rise by 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Thu, 19 Mar 2015 17:56:00 GMT

OECD welcomes the European Commission Initiative on Tax Transparency

The OECD Secretary-General Gurría welcomed the announcement and congratulated the Commission for the work done. "The European Commission’s initiative is another major step to tackle corporate tax avoidance.

Wed, 18 Mar 2015 18:40:00 GMT

Low oil prices and monetary easing triggering modest acceleration of global recovery

Low oil prices and monetary easing are boosting growth in the world’s major economies, but the near-term pace of expansion remains modest, withabnormally low inflation and interest rates pointing to risks of financial instability, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Wed, 18 Mar 2015 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Greece launches Friday 20 March 2015

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a review of Greece’s efforts to fight foreign bribery on Friday 20 March 2015 at 11.00 CET.

Tue, 17 Mar 2015 15:03:00 GMT

International community continues making major progress to end tax evasion

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 9 new peer review reports, including a Phase 1 Supplementary Report for Switzerland, demonstrating continuing progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Mon, 16 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Better dementia care and a future cure require action today, says OECD

The current policy approach to tackling dementia is socially and economically unsustainable, according to a new OECD report. Countries need to take action now to improve the lives of people living with dementia and their carers, prioritise public research on dementia, and improve the incentives for private investment in dementia innovation.

Fri, 13 Mar 2015 10:04:00 GMT

OECD and Greece to cooperate on reforms needed to ensure inclusive growth

The OECD and Greece agreed today to work together on the design and implementation of the structural reforms needed to ensure inclusive and sustainable economic growth.

Thu, 12 Mar 2015 16:29:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Wednesday 18 March at 11:00 a.m.

Chief Economist Catherine L. Mann will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Wednesday 18 March at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Wed, 11 Mar 2015 14:13:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.9% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Wed, 11 Mar 2015 08:36:00 GMT

Latin America and the Caribbean: Tax revenues remain stable

Tax revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have remained stable in 2013 and continue to be considerably lower, as a proportion of national incomes, than in most OECD countries.

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 18:30:00 GMT

Youth employment and regional development must rank as top priorities in Tunisia to secure stability and prosperity

Tunisia has made great strides since 2011 towards greater inclusivity and fairness in its political system, based on the rule of law, transparency and good governance.

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: March 2015

OECD unemployment rate at 7.0% in January 2015

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 09:48:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, March 2015

Composite leading indicators point to positive change in growth momentum in the euro area

Mon, 09 Mar 2015 17:21:00 GMT

Early gender gaps drive career choices and employment opportunities, says OECD

Education systems have made major strides to close gender gaps in student performance but girls and boys remain deeply divided in career choices, which are being made much earlier than commonly thought, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

New approach needed to tackle mental ill-health at work, says OECD

Health and employment services should intervene earlier, involve key stakeholders and ensure they work together in order to help people with mental-health issues find work and stay in a job, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Publicación del Informe de la OCDE Estadísticas Tributarias en América Latina y el Caribe 2015

El informe de este año examina las tendencias de ingresos fiscales de 1990 a 2013 en 20 economías latinoamericanas, con dos capítulos especiales. En el primero se considera una metodología alternativa para contabilizar los ingresos fiscales. En el segundo se exponen las tendencias de los ingresos procedentes de recursos naturales no renovables en países latinoamericanos.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:19:00 GMT

Release of OECD Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2015

This year’s report looks at tax revenue trends from 1990 to 2013 in 20 Latin American economies. A special chapter in the report considers alternatives to current accounting methods for government fiscal revenues. A second special chapter analyses trends in revenues from non-renewable natural resources in some Latin American countries.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:11:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 March 2015

Falling energy prices push OECD annual inflation down to 0.5% in January 2015

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 09:23:00 GMT

Spain needs to further factor the environment into its recovery agenda, says OECD

The OECD’s latest Environmental Performance Review of Spain finds the country has decreased the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, reduced industrial pollution and cut per-capita waste generation since 2000.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:02:00 GMT

España necesita integrar más el medio ambiente en su programa de recuperación económica, según la OCDE

La última Evaluación de la OCDE del desempeño ambiental de España concluye que, desde 2000, se ha reducido la intensidad de la economía en consumo de energía y carbono, ha descendido la contaminación industrial y se ha recortado la generación de residuos per cápita.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Latvia, OECD says

The Latvian economy is among the fastest-growing in the euro area, but continued reforms will promote a rapid and sustainable pace of convergence with upper-income countries while limiting the risk of repeated boom-and-bust cycles, according to the OECD Economic Survey of Latvia.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

The UK economy is doing well, but the job is not yet finished. Unleashing productivity is key to sustaining strong growth, says OECD

The United Kingdom’s economy is projected to expand this year and next, but challenges remain to boost productivity and make future growth more inclusive, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth slows marginally to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 16:05:00 GMT

Italia: Le riforme assicurano nuove prospettive per rilanciare la crescita e l’occupazione – OCSE

Cambiare il quadro politico-istituzionale in Italia è fondamentale per garantire che le ambiziose riforme in corso rilancino la crescita e aumentino la qualità della vita, secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Italy: Reforms open new prospects for growth and jobs – OECD

Changes to Italy’s political and institutional systems are crucial to ensuring the success of ambitious reforms currently underway to boost economic growth and raise living standards, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2015

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.1% in December 2014

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Ambitious reforms can create a growth path that is both strong and inclusive, OECD says

Determined and systemic action to implement a comprehensive reform agenda across a wide range of policy areas offers governments the best chance to boost weak demand, restore healthy economic growth, create jobs and ensure that the gains are broadly shared across society, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

OECD: “İddialı reformlar hem güçlü hem kapsayıcı bir büyüme süreci başlatabilir”

OECD’nin yayınladığı en son Büyümeye Geçiş raporuna göre kapsamlı bir reform gündemi doğrultusunda kararlı ve sistemli adımların atılması hükümetlere, zayıf talebi canlandırmak, sağlıklı ekonomik büyümeyi canlandırmak, iş olanakları yaratmak ve kazanımları toplumun her kesimine ulaştırmak için fırsatlar sunmaktadır.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2015

Composite leading indicators point to tentative signs of a positive change in growth momentum in the euro area

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 09:16:00 GMT

First steps towards implementation of OECD/G20 efforts against tax avoidance by multinationals

The agreed mandate authorises the formation of an ad-hoc negotiating group, open to participation from all states. The group will be hosted by the OECD and will hold its first meeting by July 2015, with an aim to conclude drafting by 31 December 2016.

Fri, 06 Feb 2015 16:42:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Belgium, OECD says

The Belgian economy has returned to growth and continues scoring well on broader measures of well-being, but further reforms will be needed to secure fiscal sustainability while promoting employment and competitiveness, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Belgium 2015.

Wed, 04 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 February 2015

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.1% in December 2014 reflecting sharp fall in energy prices

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:41:00 GMT

Reforms needed to boost productivity and accelerate convergence in Estonia, OECD says

The underlying strengths of the Estonian economy have helped it bounce back from the crisis, but some challenges remain to finding a steeper, more inclusive and more sustainable growth path, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Estonia.

Wed, 28 Jan 2015 14:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Kazakhstan – Signs Kazakhstan Country Programme Agreement

The OECD and the Government of Kazakhstan are signing today in Davos a Memorandum of Understanding on a two-year Country Programme, which will support an ambitious set of reforms of Kazakhstan’s policies and institutions.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate increases to 65.7% in third quarter of 2014

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 16:46:00 GMT

Success of education reforms threatened by lack of oversight, says OECD

Governments around the world are under growing pressure to improve their education systems. Rising spending is increasingly being matched by reforms to help disadvantaged children, invest in teachers and improve vocational training. But a widespread lack of evaluation of the impact of these reforms could hinder their effectiveness and hurt educational outcomes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

El éxito de las reformas educativas se ve amenazado por la falta de supervisión, declara la OCDE

Los gobiernos de todo el mundo se encuentran bajo una creciente presión de mejorar sus sistemas educativos. El aumento del gasto se acompaña cada vez más de reformas para ayudar a estudiantes desfavorecidos, invertir en la fuerza docente y mejorar la formación vocacional.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Japan can do more to encourage smooth transition of laid-off workers back into jobs, says OECD

Japan could help laid-off workers find a job more quickly by improving co-ordination between public employment services and companies, as well as ensuring that all workers benefit from adequate Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 11:22:00 GMT

Austria should set timeframe for 0.7% development aid target, says OECD

Austria should set a timeframe to increase its aid budget in line with a pledge to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) to development aid, according to an OECD Review.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Still too much variation in health care quality across Italian regions, says new OECD report

Italy has significantly improved the quality of health care in recent decades but needs to tackle the wide disparities that remain between regions, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Persistenti disparità regionali nella qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria tra le regioni italiane secondo il nuovo rapporto OCSE

L’Italia ha migliorato notevolmente la qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria negli ultimi decenni, ma deve affrontare le permanenti forti disparità che permangono tra le regioni, secondo un nuovo rapporto OCSE.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Colombia needs a comprehensive tax reform to boost investment and diversify the economy, OECD says

The Colombian economy has done remarkably well over the last decade, consistently ranking among the fastest-growing countries in Latin America, but a comprehensive tax reform that promotes investment and diversifies the economy is now needed to put the country on a path toward stronger, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Colombia.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 17:18:00 GMT

Presentación del Estudio Económico, lunes 19 de enero del 2015 en Bogotá

n el último Estudio Económico de Colombia de la OCDE, que se publicará el lunes 19 de enero del 2015, se analiza el desempeño del país durante la última década en materia de crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza, impulsado por el boom del petróleo y la minería y la solidez del marco monetario, fiscal y financiero.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 15:54:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: third quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2014

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Sun, 11 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Mexico has a unique opportunity to boost growth and share prosperity more widely, according to the OECD

Mexico now has the chance to dramatically boost growth rates and resume convergence of its living standards towards those of advanced economies, reduce pervasive labour market informality and drive down high rates of poverty and income inequality.

Thu, 08 Jan 2015 17:33:00 GMT

Gurría condemns deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine and sends condolences to President Hollande

Secretary-General Angel Gurría has sent a letter to President François Hollande expressing his condolences and those of all OECD staff following the attack that took place at the headquarters of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in Paris.

Wed, 07 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Norway has some good measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but significant weaknesses undermine overall effectiveness, says FATF

Norway has taken some good initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but needs to establish overarching policies and strategies, and address significant weaknesses in a number of key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:25:00 GMT

Argentina seriously non-compliant with key articles of Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery doubts Argentina’s commitment to fight foreign bribery. Argentina still has no law to punish companies for foreign bribery or prosecute its citizens who commit this crime abroad. Widespread delays continue to plague complex economic crime investigations.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs edge up to 0.2% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 09:58:00 GMT

UK should keep foreign aid at commendable 0.7% level, says OECD

The United Kingdom has done well to increase its development spending to 0.72% of gross national income despite a challenging budget climate and should strive to maintain that level of aid for the years ahead, according to a new OECD Review.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee says excess capacity and trade friction risks cloud industry outlook

Excess capacity in steel as growth in investment projects outpaces demand will pose risks for the sector for the foreseeable future, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Cape Town on 12 December 2014. The risk of trade conflicts in the industry also appears to have increased of late, they said, and Committee members discussed options for closer co-operation to try and prevent disputes.

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 16:54:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:37:00 GMT

Tax revenues rebounding from the crisis but tax mix varying widely, OECD says

Tax burdens and revenue collection in advanced economies are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis, but the tax mix continues varying widely across countries, according to new OECD research published today.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:24:00 GMT

International Anti-Corruption Day

As part of the International Anti-Corruption Day, the OECD has joined Member and Partner countries and other International Organisations in raising awareness about the costs and detrimental effects of corruption.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD unemployment rate at 7.2% in October 2014

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 16:26:00 GMT

Better education and skills are key to shift the economy up a gear, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

Latin America’s GDP growth rate has slowed down in 2014, dropping below 1.5%. This is the first time in a decade that the region grows less than the OECD average, according to the OECD Development Centre, the Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean and the development bank for Latin America. Given the projections in the past weeks, any recovery in 2015 is likely to be challenging.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 15:30:00 GMT

Inequality hurts economic growth, finds OECD research

Reducing income inequality would boost economic growth, according to new OECD analysis. This work finds that countries with lower income inequality grow faster than those with higher inequality.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 00:10:00 GMT

Economic stagnation compounds demographic pressure on pension systems, says OECD

Low growth, low interest rates and low returns on investment linked to the slow global economy are now compounding the problems of population ageing for both public and private pension systems, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, December 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued loss of growth momentum in Europe

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 09:29:00 GMT

Spain has strong measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing but improvements needed, says FATF

Spain has created a strong system to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but improvements are needed in certain key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 14:19:00 GMT

Assessing tax levels and the tax mix in OECD countries: Revenue Statistics 2014 and Consumption Tax Trends 2014 to launch on Wednesday 10 December 2014, 00:01 a.m. (CET)

Tax burdens and revenue collection across the OECD countries are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, the tax mix continues varying widely across the advanced economies.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 11:15:00 GMT

Inequalities in health and access to quality care persist in Europe, shows a new OECD/EC report

Today, Europeans enjoy a much longer life expectancy than the previous generation, but large inequalities in health remain across and within countries. These are largely due to disparities in access to and quality of care, as well as individual lifestyles and behaviours, according to a new joint OECD/European Commission report.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 10:01:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 December 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 1.7% in October 2014

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:48:00 GMT

Ireland focusing its development aid on neediest countries, says OECD

Ireland is one of the best performing donors when it comes to directing its development aid to the world’s neediest countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:00:00 GMT

Scale of international bribery laid bare by new OECD report

Most international bribes are paid by large companies, usually with the knowledge of senior management, according to new OECD analysis of the cost of foreign bribery and corruption.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

The Netherlands should do more to help workers with mental ill-health, says OECD

The Netherlands should increase support for workers suffering from mental health issues and their employers and tackle the continued social stigma and limited knowledge around such illnesses, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants

On the occasion of the OECD High Level Policy Forum on Migration taking place on December 1 and 2 2014, Secretary General Angel Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 12:39:00 GMT

Shifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD

The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría commends Greece’s reforms at meeting with Minister Skrekas

Meeting Greece’s Minister of Development and Competitiveness Mr. Kostas Skrekas today, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría said the Greek government’s reform programme was already showing positive results.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 15:26:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Most Asia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD

Countries in the Asia/Pacific region need to step up their efforts to give more people access to affordable, quality health care. Too many people, especially women, cannot get the medical treatment they need due to high costs, difficulties in getting permission to see a doctor or a lack of health care providers in rural areas, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Stronger policy response needed to avoid risks to growth, especially in the euro area, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

Modest global economic forecasts, continuing high unemployment, and downshifts in potential output,should spur governments with a greater sense of urgency to fully employ monetary, fiscal and structural policy levers to support growth, notably in Europe, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 08:43:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Greece: Merkel's victory - a Pyrrhic victory?

The Euro Zone Summit on 12-13 July 2015 forced the Greek Syriza-led government into accepting practically all demands of the other euro zone states. In return, the Greek government received the prospect that negotiations on renewed credit programme might commence and the vague promise that longer grace and payment periods on the Greek debt might be considered.

Greek crisis out of control

Everything is possible. The crisis has reached such a precipitating dynamics, that nobody is able to fully control the process. There might still come a last minute muddling through compromise. But there might also be insolvency and a subsequent Grexit either by accident or by intention.

Fight tax avoidance and reform investment policies

Two crucial issues are dealt with in the new World Investment Report: A fundamental reform of the international investment regime and more coherence between international tax and investment policies. According to the authors of the report there must be no contradiction between the policy imperative of taking action against tax avoidance and facilitating productive investment in sustainable development.

New labour standard for the informal economy

At its 104th conference in the first half of June, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has adopted a new international labour standard that is expected to help hundreds of millions of workers and economic units move out of informality and into the formal economy.

Rehabilitating the c word

What do the writer-activist Naomi Klein, the academic economist Thomas Piketty, the art curator Okwui Enwezor and the Catholic Pope have in common? A cosmopolitan lifestyle? Concern for humanity? A knack for controversy? All of that. But something more substantive too.

Alternatives to stagnation and decline in Europe

Austerity policies, imposed by the strong states throughout the euro area, but especially on the weaker states, have reduced millions of EU citizens to poverty and impaired even basic levels of social protection and employment rights in the crisis-struck countries. The EuroMemo Group presents alternatives.

On the cusp of a genuinely transformative agenda?

Four parallel but interrelated negotiation processes are currently underway in the multilateral sphere - on the post-2015 development agenda, on climate change, on an update of the women's agenda, and on financing for development. If all went well, there could be a unified, global agenda for sustainable development by December 2015. If not, the situation will continue to deteriorate.

Public-private partnerships and infrastructure

The popularity of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to support infrastructure development in emerging countries is growing worldwide. PPPs' new appeal may redefine not just development economics, but also the overall relationship between rich and poor countries - though not necessarily for the better.

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Modelling the density of Egyptian quarterly CPI inflation

<p>This paper aims at modelling the density of quarterly inflation based on time-varying conditional variance, skewness and kurtosis model developed by Leon, Rubio, and Serna(2005). They model higher-order moments as GARCH-type processes by applying a Gram-Charlier series expansion of the normal density function. The authors estimated seven univariate models, including GARCH-M and TARCH-M models, assuming three different distributions for the error term, namely: normal, student t, and GED distributions.</p><p>Additionally, the model that allows for non-constant higher order moments, GARCHSK-M, has been estimated. Moreover, the paper utilises two multivariate models, Dynamic Conditional Correlation (DCC) and Diagonal VECH models to isolate the time-varying conditional correlations between inflation and two financial variables, including growth in domestic credit and real exchange rate. Results revealed the significant persistence in conditional variance, skewness and kurtosis, which indicate high asymmetry of inflation. Diagnostic tests indicated that models with invariant volatility, skewness and kurtosis are inferior to the models that permit them to vary over time. Moreover, depending on models of static historic correlation between inflation and the highly financial variables in order to evaluate inflation dynamic behavior is misleading and is a poor informative.</p><p>Comparing the predictive power of different models showed that basic models are more accurate in forecasting out-of-sample inflation according to some criterions and GARCHSK-M is better for other criterions. By applying Diebold and Mariano&rsquo;s (1995) encompassing test, it was found that all models could be combined together to form a more accurate forecast. We have done the combination of forecasts using equal weights, Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), and Dynamic Model Averaging (DMA). Results of forecast combination showed that the combined forecasts outperform the projection of best single model.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

28 Aug 2015 10:43:06 GMT

Fiscal institutions and macroeconomic management in resource rich economies: the case of Yemen

<p>The link between natural resource outcomes and the quality of institutions has attracted considerable attention in natural resource literature. But only very recently has its link to fiscal rules and institutions been discussed, focusing mainly on developed economies.</p><p>The authors conduct an assessment of the role fiscal rules and institutions play in Yemen, both an oil-producing and developing country. The analysis attempts to evaluate fiscal discipline and the resulting fiscal side of macroeconomic policies in this populous Arab country. The structure and quality of fiscal institutions in Yemen, and the rules governing them, are central in determining the developmental impact of the country&#39;s oil and natural gas endowments. The paper shows that Yemen&#39;s economic volatility, and hence poor development experience, was in fact a natural result of the two-way interaction between fiscal institutions and natural resource rents. On one hand, realising the benefits from natural resource endowments in Yemen requires adopting an appropriate set of working rules that reduce the unfavorable effects of resource abundance on the quality of institutions. On the other hand, high quality institutions and rules may help improve resource management, contributing to the realisation of better economic performance in the future.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

28 Aug 2015 10:29:40 GMT

The unfolding of gender gap in education

<p>The gender gap in education against females becomes smaller as the level of development increases and turns in their favor in developed countries. Through analysis of regional variation in the gender gap within Turkey, which displays a similar pattern to the cross-country pattern, this paper studies the factors that lead to the emergence of a gender gap against females. The data for student achievement and aspirations for further education during compulsory school show that females are just as well prepared and motivated for further education as their male counterparts across regions with very different levels of development. Despite this fact, large gaps arise in high school registration and completion in less developed regions, but not in developed ones.</p><p>The authors find that larger sibship size (number of offspring sharing same two parents) is the main driver of gender gaps in less developed regions. While social norms have a negative influence on female education beyond compulsory school, they play a relatively small role in the emergence of gender gaps. These results are consistent with the fact that resource-constrained families give priority to males for further education, leading to the emergence of education gender gaps.</p>

28 Aug 2015 10:19:08 GMT

State capacity and inclusive development: new challenges and directions

<p style="margin-left:.25in">States shape development. This paper takes stock of recent advancements in the literature on state capacity and connects them to the study of inclusive development.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">The paper argued that state capacity is best approached as a multi-dimensional concept that can be disaggregated into three interrelated dimensions: the external embeddedness with non-state actors, the organisational competence of state agencies and their territorial reach. Consequently, the document argues that the established focus on geography, external pressures and capitalist development needs to be complemented with close attention to elite politics, ruling coalitions and domestic conflict when identifying key determinants of state capacity.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">On the other hand, the author highlights that the capacity of states to promote inclusive development is shaped by historical patterns of state formation itself, in particular the institutional and political legacies left behind by European overseas colonialism. Yet, contemporary state transformations linked to neoliberal globalisation, democratisation and power shifts in the international order have major implications for the capacities of states to promote inclusive development.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">In the final analysis, the paper recommends scholars to work backwards from &ldquo;success cases&rdquo; and identify specific configurations of the three components of state capacity underpinning the ability to promote inclusive development in order to unpack the interactions among them.</p>

27 Aug 2015 21:27:28 GMT

Escaping the repertoire of election crisis: prospects and challenges of the evolving infrastructure for peace in Côte d’Ivoire

<p>As a conflict prevention and management tool, national peace infrastructures have largely contributed to peace and security in countries where they have been established and adopted. This paper focuses on the emerging infrastructure for peace (I4P) in C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire by examining the country&rsquo;s socio-political environment and how that impacts on the composition and effectiveness of the proposed I4P.</p><p>The brief illustrates that, the Ivorian I4P constitutes an important step towards conflict prevention and peacebuilding in the country. However, there is growing apprehension among some stakeholders that the draft I4P, if adopted, might not be effective and responsive to the challenges of the country. Thus, for the infrastructure to stand the test of time, it should reflect the socio-cultural and political context of the country.</p><p>In this regard, the following recommendations are proposed:</p><p>ECOWAS should:</p><ul><li>provide financial assistance for the successful implementation of the infrastructure</li><li>organise experience-sharing platforms for the countries in the sub-region where they can exchange ideas and draw lessons from experiences of Ghana&rsquo;s National Peace Council for example, and effectively implement ECOWAS protocols on conflict resolution and governance</li></ul><p>State: the Ivorian government should:&nbsp;</p><p>ensure the autonomy of the Ivoirian National Peace Council to prevent any political interference in their work</p><ul><li><p>provide sufficient resources for the National Programme for Social Cohesion (PNCS) to ensure that it is able to sensitise Ivoirians on its functions and coordinate the activities of various institutions that play supporting roles in the development of the I4P</p></li><li>attach urgency to the development of the I4P</li><li>reform the Electoral Commission and the Constitution regarding elections to ensure the effectiveness of the EC</li><li><p>establish early-warning platforms in districts and sub-districts which will gather information for effective early response to conflict situations</p></li></ul><p>Civil Society should:</p><ul><li>maintain interest in the development of the infrastructure and sensitization campaigns on non-violent approaches to the settlement of disputes</li><li>play its watchdog role of holding the government accountable to the people</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

27 Aug 2015 11:07:31 GMT

The center can hold: towards a regional approach to combating West Africa’s terrorists

<p>Terrorist activities have assumed an alarming dimension in several West African countries. Various measures by states and international actors have achieved minimal success in the fight against terrorists.</p><p>This brief calls for effective implementation of the ECOWAS counterterrorism strategy which provides a set of measures and strategic policy directions to contain the threat posed by terrorism to the region.</p><p>The ECOWAS strategy adopts a three-pronged approach to counter terrorism: prevent, pursue and reconstruct. This approach is informed by the view that member states should as a matter of priority make every possible effort to prevent terrorism from occurring. If prevention fails, they should pursue and bring to justice at all costs the perpetrators of terrorist acts and repair any damage that such acts may cause to individuals and society as a whole.</p><p>The fight against the growing menace of terrorism thus requires a broad range of policy responses to address the underlying conditions conducive to its spread. The ECOWAS Strategy may not provide a complete answer to the problem of terrorism in West Africa, but it nonetheless establishes a proactive framework for dealing with the threat of terrorism and thus requires effective implementation.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li><p>there is a need for enhanced cooperation between regional and international partners to achieve practical and coherent results through the effective implementation of the ECOWAS Strategy at both national and regional levels</p></li><li><p>governments must show strong commitment towards operationalising national counter-terrorism measures by providing the needed financial, human and technical resources</p></li><li><p>West African countries should deepen their collaboration in critical areas of intelligence and information-sharing</p></li><li><p>ECOWAS and its member states should work with institutions such as the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre (KAIPTC) and other training centres of excellence to provide empirical analysis on terrorism and training to strengthen the capacity of personnel</p></li><li><p>the capacity of law enforcement and criminal justice officials in the region should be enhanced through targeted training to enforce counter-terrorism measures in accordance with the rule of law and respect for human rights</p></li><li><p>West African states should improve their capacities in anti-terrorism legislation drafting and training law enforcement and criminal justice officials in the investigation and prosecution of terrorism</p></li><li><p>&nbsp;</p><p>member states should engage relevant non-governmental actors such as civil society organizations, local communities, and faith-based groups in developing conflict-prevention strategies to deal with violent extremist narratives that often lead to terrorist acts</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

27 Aug 2015 10:51:57 GMT

Trilateral development cooperation: how do poor countries experience it?

<p>Development assistance is changing partly because of efforts in search of more efficient and effective ways of aid delivery linked to development effectiveness discussions taking place under the auspices of the High-Level Panel on Development Effectiveness. It is also partly brought on as a result of changes in the balance of power globally from which comes a greater role and responsibility for the world order being taken by major developing countries, manifesting itself in their growing role as emerging donors.</p><p>While the analysis on trilateral cooperation, largely dominated by knowledge institutions of the global north like the OECD, is expanding, not enough attention is paid to the experiences and perspectives of the ultimate beneficiary of the assistance. This policy brief outlines key dynamics that shape trilateral cooperation drawing on data from research fieldwork in Lesotho and Malawi as well as discussions with various actors. The paper asks the question: what is distinct about trilateral cooperation from the vantage point of a beneficiary country?</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li><p>emerging actors like SA must invest in thought about what is different in their involvement in development assistance beyond just coining terms like development partnerships in place of development assistance, development partner instead of donor. This should entail greater reflection on post-development paradigms they espouse, notions of power they seek to promote and logics of culture that underpins their activities so as not to perpetuate the ghosts of empire</p></li><li><p>they have to invest a lot more in project management systems so that there is sufficient expertise for ensuring continuous and intensive project oversight and support. SA has to create project units dedicated to this specialised skill without becoming a replica of a donor because it cannot undertake this responsibility without systems to carry this out excellently</p></li><li><p>much more time, resources and expertise must be invested in project management support to beneficiary countries, so that SA does not have to be the project accountants on behalf of donors, generating a lot of ill-feelings from project leaders on the ground</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

27 Aug 2015 10:19:02 GMT

The G-20 tax agenda and Africa’s taxation needs

<p>The rapid growth of the global economy in recent years has meant that international tax laws have not kept pace with changes in the global business environment, with the consequence that multinational corporations (MNCs) are not necessarily taxed appropriately. For Africa and the rest of the world, a healthy public finance system is a necessary condition for equitable and sustainable economic growth.</p><p>Against this background, this paper examines the need for global standards of taxation that are beneficial to developing countries. More specifically, the paper reviews the G-20 agenda on taxation and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)/G-20 Base Erosion and Profit-Shifting (BEPS) project, and looks at how these<br />initiatives can benefit African countries.</p><p>The New Partnership for Africa&rsquo;s Development and the chair of the African Union, which are represented in the BEPS process, can add weight to African countries&rsquo; taxation needs. African countries should call for the BEPS process to be adopted with specific targets that can be monitored to ensure its effective implementation and accountability.<br /><br />The paper concludes that tax plays an important role in the functioning of all countries, including African states, and capital flight creates a higher burden for Africa than for other regions. Any action taken to stop illicit capital flight must be a concerted effort involving decision makers in Africa and the West if it is to succeed, because capital outflow from Africa and its absorption into Western economies deserve equal attention. Illicit outflows could be curtailed if greater transparency were present in the global financial markets. The BEPS process is one way to achieve this and it should be supported. However, Africa also needs to look at its own approaches to stopping such activities.</p>

27 Aug 2015 09:39:37 GMT

Explaining Cross-State Disparities in Child Nutrition in Rural India

<p>What drives the large disparities in height-for-age distributions among Indian states - variation in observed nutrition-related endowments, such as wealth or maternal education, or differential strengths of relationships across states between endowments and height-for-age?</p><p>This paper explores this question by comparing a set of states with poor nutrition outcomes with the benchmark of Tamil Nadu, a good performer.</p><p>Applying counterfactual decomposition methods to National Family Health Survey data, the authros find that surprisingly modest proportions of HAZ differences are attributable to endowment differences.</p><p>Results are discussed in light of the superior track record of food and nutrition policies in Tamil Nadu.</p>

26 Aug 2015 15:00:43 GMT

The importance of global mental health for the Sustainable Development Goals

<p>This paper argues that for the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), there needs to be a recognition of the evidence showing the growing burden of disease and the extensive social and economic global consequences of mental disorders and psychosocial disabilities.</p><p>The authors argue that health is an essential component of sustainable development and as a positive outcome of successful achievement of human rights, social and environmental initiatives. Mental health cannot be separated from other health domains, and is essential for sustainable human development. It is highlighted that mental health and the extensive global consequences of mental disorders and psychosocial disabilities have been neglected for too long. Such SDGs can be a major step to realising the potential contribution to the development of the quarter of the world&rsquo;s population who are currently being ignored.</p>

26 Aug 2015 09:08:08 GMT

Mental health action plan 2013 - 2020

<p>This report recognises the essential role of mental health in achieving health for all people.</p><p>It is based on a life-course approach, aims to achieve equity through universal health coverage and stresses the importance of prevention. There are four major objectives outlined: more effective leadership and governance for mental health; the provision of comprehensive, integrated mental health and social care services in community-based settings; implementation of strategies for promotion and prevention; and strengthened information systems, evidence and research.</p><p>The Action Plan was adopted by the 66th World Health Assembly, consisting of Ministers of Health of 194 Member States, in May 2013.</p>

26 Aug 2015 08:45:58 GMT

The importance of mental health in the Sustainable Development Goals

<p>This paper argues that, in the context of a growing burden of disease due to mental disorders and psychosocial disabilities, there needs to be the inclusion of a clear mental health target and indicators in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).</p><p>The authors argues that this will acknowledge the needs and rights of hundreds of millions of people, mobilise international funding and policy development, and support other SDGs. They also state that it will also strengthen mental health structures, governance and services in low- and middle-income countries.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

26 Aug 2015 08:36:29 GMT

Including mental health among the new sustainable development goals

<p>This short article argues the case for including mental health among the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), highlighting how the issue interlinks with many of the suggested Goals.</p><p>It highlights that mental health is a cross-cutting issue and that the needs of 450 million people in the world with mental illness are not being met. The authors point to the links between mental health and conflict, security, access to justice, the building of effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions and cities, as well as many other links overlaps with the current SDGs.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

26 Aug 2015 08:12:39 GMT

A position statement on mental health in the post-2015 development agenda

<p>This article reviews the evidence for the place of mental health in broader development issues in the run-up to 2015.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">It argues that, if mental health is going to be recognised as having an essential role in development, there needs to be a consensus on priorities for advocacy. As mental health is a cross-cutting issue, it should be included in frameworks for action to increase the likelihood of achieving global priorities for development. Various key priorities emerged from a survey of stakeholders in the Movement for Global Mental Health (MGMH), including increasing access to mental health services, and addressing human rights abuse, stigma, and exclusion.</span></p>

26 Aug 2015 08:03:24 GMT

The dynamics of regional cooperation in Southeast Asia

<p>The need to establish a proper security structure in the Asia-Pacific Region is often underlined by Western political observers. But the chances for such a structure appear to be<br />much smaller than generally accepted. The reason lies in the very different social structures and dynamism of Asian countries in comparison to European counterparts. ASEAN is a good case in point to show why and how these social conditions may have an influence on the building of a security structure and how they may influence its functioning once it really sees the light of day.<br /><br />Independent of the great powers acting in the region, an institutionally stronger security network comparable to the European OSCE, for example, cannot really be imagined for the Asia-Pacific region. This is partly due to the fact that trust in this kind of structure is lacking. Asian culture focuses much more on the flow of reality and not on its static perception. Furthermore, much stronger in-group / out-group differentiations in the region create considerably higher obstacles for the creation of such a network. And once in existence, it must be much looser than a Euro-American structure due to the unacceptability of outside<br />intervention.<br /><br />The third problem for the creation of a stronger security network in the Asia &ndash;Pacific region is the different interests of the three main powers in the region, the US with their Japanese ally and the PRC. As long as the main players are not clear about their own bilateral relations, it will be impossible for geo-political imperatives to strengthen the security network in the region.<br /><br />On the other hand, this short paper also shows that the current security set-up is basically working. However, when it comes under strong pressure in critical situations, the &ldquo;Asian<br />way&rdquo; of doing things all of a sudden shows certain weaknesses. But the chances to counteract them with a more stringent security organisation are very small. Asia will have to live with the current security set-up.</p><p>Chapters include a look at influences from the main powers in the region:</p><ul><li>the role of Japan</li><li>the influence of China</li><li>the positioning of the USA</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 15:43:11 GMT

China-Egypt trade and investment ties – seeking a better balance

<p>This policy brief examines Chinese investments in Egypt and the bi-lateral trading relationship between the two countries in order to better understand the extent of economic engagement. Since 2013, a spur in high-level diplomatic exchanges led to the signing of numerous agreements, including a Comprehensive Strategic Partnership agreement. Promises of Chinese foreign direct investment (FDI) into large-scale transport and energy infrastructure projects have been cited. With the trade balance heavily tipped in favour of China, this policy brief identifies ways for Egypt to more broadly benefit from the relationship.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li><p>Chinese companies in joint ventures with Egyptian companies should provide a good balance of employment opportunities for Egypt&rsquo;s trained and educated workforce, rather than merely employing unskilled Egyptian labourers. Such a balance would include access to mid-managerial positions and training in new technical areas</p></li><li><p>China should ensure that it maintains its investment commitments to Egypt particularly in the fields of rail transport and electricity supply in order for Egypt to benefit from the relationship. For its part, Egypt should seek to improve the business environment by taking into consideration the interests of local communities in order to avoid opposition and potential legal disputes surrounding the profit-making interests of Chinese businesses as foreign investors</p></li><li><p>China and Egypt should agree at the political level to take determined action to correct the trade imbalance. Such action can include China committing to help Egypt to move up the value added product chain through joint production of goods of interest to the Chinese market&nbsp;</p></li></ul>

25 Aug 2015 14:34:38 GMT

The temptations and promotion of “China Dream”: calling for Africa’s home-grown rhetoric

<p>Scholars have raised concerns that political rhetoric manifest in China-Africa relations tend to replicate China&rsquo;s domestic ideals on the African continent. The exercise is witnessed in the coupling of the &ldquo;Chinese Dream&rdquo; and the &ldquo;African Dream&rdquo; in the rhetoric of China-Africa relations.</p><p>In essence, the slogan &ldquo;African Dream&rdquo; is framed within the historical trajectory of &ldquo;Chinese Dream&rdquo; which articulates China&rsquo;s reform policy implementation goals for the 21st century. The &ldquo;Chinese Dream&rdquo; is the first Chinese political slogan which has been witnessed to directly seekspaces and manifest beyond China&rsquo;s domestic borders. Such manifestation deviates from China&rsquo;s past political norms, that of limiting political propaganda to domestic consumption.</p><p>One of the spaces used beyond China&rsquo;s borders to promote the Chinese Dream has been the media; this includes African media outlets. Media groups such as CCTV international and Xinhua have African headquarters where they have partnered and co-operate with a variety of local media agencies. South Africa is no exception. The People&rsquo;s Daily Online established a subsidiary company in South Africa and has linkages to the New Age newspaper, a state newspaper in South Africa. In addition, African academics, journalists and students have since 2013 been invited to China to participate in the &ldquo;Chinese Dream&rdquo; promotional events. It is within this context that the notion &ldquo;Chinese Dream&rdquo; has found fertile ground to manifest and even replicate itself on the African continent in the form of the &ldquo;African Dream&rdquo;. This policy brief discusses the domestic context of the Chinese Dream and analyses its extension into Africa in the form of the &ldquo;African Dream&rdquo;.</p><p>It concludes with recommendations on the need to establish an African home-grown rhetoric that will help Africa maximise gains in the spaces provided by China&rsquo;s paradigm shift and offer lessons that will better prepare China for its engagement in Africa.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li><p>borrowing traditional cultural concepts from a distant and foreign culture to articulate local ideals, coupled with the assumption that a homogeneous Africa could result into sustainable development is tantamount to political euthanasia. Politicians, academics, analysts and observers of China-Africa relations need to distance themselves from replicating a discourse that is solely reflective of China&rsquo;s history and ideals. The South-South co-operation forums such as FOCAC and BRICS, and local African frameworks, such as the African Union (AU), New Partnership for Africa&rsquo;s Development (NEPAD) and Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) need to serve as platforms of empowerment and produce a discourse which delivers greater public goods, in tune with local value systems meant to empower the entire African community</p></li><li><p>in the case of South Africa, it would be beneficial to package its current diverse cultures and ideology into a robust easily articulated rhetoric that would then serve as a framework for developing its own nation. Such rhetoric would help streamline the entire South African society to a variety of national markets. Furthermore, the suggested rhetoric would help to teach China about South Africa and its people. Articulation of a &ldquo;South African dream&rdquo; should reflect South African home grown ideals, instead of the imported exclusively ambiguous and lukewarm &ldquo;African dream&rdquo; witnessed in Sino-Africa relations</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 14:25:39 GMT

Preparing for FOCAC VI: China - South Africa co-operation in conservation and renewable energy

<p>As China&rsquo;s development puts increasing pressure on the environment, various measures have been implemented both domestically and, increasingly, abroad in an attempt to limit the impact. China&rsquo;s environmental engagement at an international level, including the agreement between the United States (US) President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping to cut carbon emissions (12 November 2014), signals the growing urgency of the issue.</p><p>Within the context of the China-South Africa engagement, there are also signs of this shift. Two key areas where this is evident are in China&rsquo;s growing role in conservation and the renewable energy sector. China&rsquo;s domestic demand for wildlife goods has motivated the Chinese government to sign a number of Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with African governments. In the renewable energy sector again, Africa&rsquo;s energy needs and untapped capacity for electricity generation from renewable energy (RE) has created a vast potential market for global Chinese renewable energy firms. Both areas have become increasingly important topics within China-Africa relations, and feature on the Forum of China Africa Co-operation (FOCAC) agenda.</p><p>This policy brief examines the role of these two themes as a way of demonstrating some of the concrete ways in which China-Africa interaction is evolving in a world where sustainable development has become key.</p><p>Recommendation:</p><ul><li><p>co-operation between South Africa and China illustrates that agreements made need to be specific to the issue of concern. The second MoU in 2013 was particularly aimed at curbing the scourge of rhino poaching through co-operation in law enforcement, compliance with international conventions and other relevant legislation. Since the agreement, the Chinese government have been more co-operative. Thus, more African governments affected by the poaching crisis need to enter into detailed agreements on environmental conservation and illegal wildlife trade in order for effective regulation and law enforcement</p></li><li><p>FOCAC should be used as a platform to address the problem where African governments, especially South Africa, can set the agenda regarding illegal wildlife trade and put hard pressure on their Chinese counterparts by bringing poachers to book</p></li><li><p>South Africa is a lucrative market for Chinese RE companies, but the local RE industry requires more skills and technical (technological) knowledge if it is to truly become sustainable on the long-term. More should be done on a bi-lateral basis to formalise the transfer of skills and technical knowledge between South African and Chinese actors in the RE sector. Technology transfer should be more clearly articulated in any new FOCAC agreements as a priority in China-Africa co-operation</p></li><li><p>the South African RE case has shown that a combination of laws and the provision of market security can stimulate economic investment in which African economies can themselves move up the value chain. South Africa with its relatively strong administrative capacity should provide assistance to fellow African states to follow suit</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 14:18:47 GMT

South Africa-China multi-lateral co-operation: BRICS and FOCAC

<p>The 21st Century has witnessed the emergence of a number of non-western powers, many of which have entered into formal partnerships, driven predominantly by a common development agenda. A prominent engagement within this new context is the China-South Africa relationship which, in recent years, has been strengthened through both bi-lateral exchanges as well as various multi-lateral frameworks. Two major partnerships include BRICS, an association of five major emerging economies-Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa, and FOCAC, the Forum on China&ndash;Africa Cooperation - a triennial ministerial meeting whose aim is to enhance co-operation between China and African states at multiple levels. South Africa&rsquo;s inclusion in the BRICS grouping bestows on it a prestigious position in the continent as well as in the global arena. At the upcoming FOCAC VI in 2015, it is expected that South Africa as co-chair will yet again show its commitment in taking initiatives to resolve Africa&rsquo;s challenges.</p><p>This Policy Brief discusses the importance of South Africa&rsquo;s growing role in these groupings with a focus on how its membership can contribute to South Africa&rsquo;s sustainable development and help it to garner opportunities.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>South Africa&rsquo;s role as chair of the African Union (AU) and host of FOCAC VI puts Pretoria in a privileged yet delicate position of trying to balance its broad range of bi-lateral, regional and multi-lateral relations. The main concern is how to balance its own agendas in the relationship with China, while at the same time influencing the trajectory of the longstanding commitment to product beneficiation in the resource sector as well as promoting Chinese led infrastructure development across Africa</li><li><p>South Africa could and should play a crucial role in the establishment and drafting of a unified stance on China, given its long and fruitful bi-lateral ties with Beijing and its firm position as Sub-Saharan Africa&rsquo;s regional powerhouse. As chair of the AU, South Africa has already contributed to the drafting of the AUs Common African Position (CAP) on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, launched in February 2014, which could be used as a guideline for the development of such an unified AU stance on China</p></li><li><p>through the BRICS and FOCAC platforms South Africa needs to further develop its own agenda guiding its bi-lateral relations with China, focusing even further on closing the trade gap that is still in China&rsquo;s favour; calling for value-added resource sector investments and work towards making the investment arena more favourable for foreign companies (in Africa through the IHQ regime). However, this needs to be done within the context of strict policy regulations, enhanced public-private co-operative measures (governments should further lower administrative costs to induce more private investments) and the enhancement of compliance mechanisms for both domestic and foreign companies as envisaged and implemented by the host government</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 14:04:50 GMT

Justice system in crisis: the case of India's undertrial prisoners

<p>In a recent, landmark judgment in Bhim Singh v. Union of India, the Supreme Court (SC) issued a series of directives to state I authorities to facilitate the release of undertrial prisoners who have served half of their probable maximum prison term. While the directive is largely a reiteration of earlier judicial measures (SC Legal Aid Committee v. Union of India; Rama Murthy v. State of Karnataka), it is highly significant in that the SC set a deadline&mdash;two months&mdash;and directed district judges and prison officials to oversee the process. The highest court's extraordinary directive was in response to a criminal justice system that is widely regarded as 'dysfunctional', where undertrials are made to wait for years before their cases are even heard.</p><p>An alarming 67.6 percent of India's prisoners languishing in jails across the country are undertrials; this proportion is one of the world's 10 worst. Of these undertrials, more than 2,000 have been in jail for over five years. India's average occupancy rate in prisons is 112.2 percent. Chhattisgarh (252.6 percent) and Delhi (193.8 percent) have the worst occupancy situation in the country. The situation of undertrials in the country is a matter of great concern that requires drastic action.</p>

25 Aug 2015 13:47:15 GMT

Family planning and human rights - what's the connection and why is it important?

<p>That family planning saves lives is a simple health prescription that resonates globally. A critical challenge is to ensure that policies and programs embrace the well-established benefits of enabling women to choose whether and when to become pregnant - actions and values that are integral to human rights.</p><p>Policymakers should be asking, &ldquo;What do human rights mean in relation to family planning, how do we incorporate them into our country family planning and development plans, and why is that important?&rdquo;</p><p>This brief, drawing from human rights treaties and covenants that have the status of international law, clarifies key human rights principles and outlines policy actions that must be taken to ensure that voluntary family planning programs result in contraceptive use based on full, free, and informed choice. It is also consistent with the rights and empowerment principles of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020), a global partnership that grew out of the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning.</p><p>Critical actions for policymakers:</p><ul><li><p>focus on the legal and policy framework for sexual and reproductive health and rights and ensure that respecting human rights is part of program design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation</p></li><li><p>prioritise the funding of the demand side of family planning , as well as the supply side. Policymakers should actively encourage, research, and act on community views about family planning service needs and invest in information and education on sexual and reproductive health and rights that will enable individual women and men to demand high-quality family planning services. Such actions are likely to vary widely in different settings and are best identified at the local level, where funding opportunities for the necessary research and community mobilization to challenge social and gender norms are often limited</p></li><li><p>invest in the contraceptive supply chain to guarantee that a wide range of safe and effective contraceptives are available</p></li><li><p>ensure an appropriate method mix, ideally including permanent, reversible, short-acting, and long-term contraceptive options to meet the needs of and support contraceptive use by both women and men. Invest in research on the value-added dimensions of a rights-based approach - incorporating principles including participation, accountability, nondiscrimination, empowerment, and legality - enabling family planning programs to contribute directly to other international sustainable development priorities</p></li></ul><p>The outcome of such actions will lead to better quality family planning services reaching more women and men, and increased agency of individuals to make empowered choices for themselves about whether and when to have children.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Aug 2015 13:32:28 GMT

Reaching the Global Target to Reduce Stunting: How Much Will it Cost and How Can We Pay for it?

<p>The proposal for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) put forward by the UN Member States that make up the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development sets out a goal to &ldquo;end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture&rdquo; (Goal 2).</p><p>The goal is accompanied by a target to &ldquo;by 2030 end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving by 2025 the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age&hellip;&rdquo; (Target 2.2). However, the world is currently badly off track to meet the global stunting target to reduce the number of children under 5 who suffer from stunting by 40% by 2025. Current investment levels are woefully inadequate to drive the progress that is needed to meet the target and therefore, urgent action to scale up fi nancing is required.</p><p>This brief outlines what it will cost to meet this stunting target and how to go about it.</p>

25 Aug 2015 12:21:47 GMT

Intimate partner violence and family planning: opportunities for action

<p>Intimate partner violence (IPV) - physical and/or sexual violence by a current or former partner - is an issue that women in all regions and all countries experience. Globally, approximately one in three women who have ever been in a relationship have experienced IPV. Women face a greater risk of violence from an intimate partner than from anyone else.</p><p>This brief presents data to help policymakers and others understand the nature and extent of the harm caused by IPV, especially as it relates to women&rsquo;s reproductive health and autonomy, and highlights opportunities for action. Policymakers can combat IPV and its consequences by promoting integrated policies and dedicating financial resources to support systems, programs, and services to address the intersection of IPV, health, and women&rsquo;s empowerment.</p><p>Multisectoral policy actions:</p><ul><li><p>improve and enforce legal protections and support for women. In countries where they are nonexistent or weak, legal protections and recourse for women experiencing IPV must be introduced. In countries where laws are already on the books, they must be consistently and rigorously enforced</p></li><li><p>develop policies that take an integrated approach to IPV and health, including family planning. Ensure that IPV is specifically addressed in national health care policies and programs, including those related to family planning, and that family planning and health care are explicitly incorporated into violence prevention and response policies and plans. Back up policy commitments with budgetary and resource allocations across all relevant sectors</p></li><li><p>provide political and financial backing for initiatives that promote gender equality broadly. Support the integration of gender equality initiatives into programs and policies across sectors through political commitments and concrete budget allocations. This support includes funding to incorporate gender equality into school health and life skills curricula, women&rsquo;s economic empowerment programs, and community mobilisation activities&nbsp;</p></li><li><p>ensure that health care services are accessible and appropriate for women experiencing IPV. Eliminate legal and logistical barriers that may be especially burdensome for women experiencing IPV, such as partner consent requirements and cost. Ensure the availability of a full range of methods, especially female-controlled and long-acting methods that can be used by a woman without the cooperation of her partner</p></li><li><p>allocate funds for adequate and continuous training and key resources for health care providers to care for women experiencing IPV. Training for providers is critical to reduce harmful attitudes about IPV, increase sensitivity to individuals experiencing abuse, improve awareness of the relationship between IPV and health, and build skills to offer tailored, woman-centered care. Additional resources should be allocated to ensure that staffing levels and supervisory support are sufficient to enable healthcare providers to implement training in their day-to-day practice, and that providers can refer women to other relevant IPV services as available&nbsp;</p></li></ul>

25 Aug 2015 11:26:53 GMT

Water, food security and human dignity - a nutrition perspective

<p>This discussion paper examines the importance of water in ensuring food security.</p><p>One serious problem addressed in the paper is the increased importance of groundwater as a strategic resource as a result of the heavy exploitation of surface water. Another serious challenge highlighted is tackling undernutrition as well as overweight and obese populations. It highlights that encouraging healthy diets would make it necessary to use water and other resources more effectively. The paper also examines the challenge of reducing the food waste that leads to a large proportion of the water used in food production not being utilised effectively and as intended. The human right to adequate food and access to water is also examined. At the same time, the paper argues that the private sector pays a crucial role in managing water and food systems, in the form of innovations, technologies and financing, and the links to a public water policy.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 16:22:18 GMT

South Africa’s renewable energy procurement: A new frontier?

<p>This paper evaluates the key features of South Africa&rsquo;s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers&rsquo; Programme (RE IPPPP).</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">It builds on previous studies of its negotiation and implementation and unpacks the different levels of the programme and the diversity of players involved in it. It explores mechanisms for renewable technology diffusion, debates over &lsquo;favourable&rsquo; policy in emerging markets and the global development of wind and solar PV industries. The authors further highlight key tensions inherent in RE IPPPP between commercial priorities for &lsquo;bankability&rsquo; under the norms and demands of project finance, and the requirements for economic development and community ownership, to which definitions and perceptions of risk are central.</span></p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 16:05:16 GMT

Grassroots facilitators as agents of change for promoting sustainable forest management: Lessons learned from REDD+ capacity development in Asia

<p>This article explores the issues and concerns of grassroots stakeholders with regards to REDD+ policy and program development.</p><p>The lessons shared here are generated from REDD+ capacity development at grassroots level in South and Southeast Asia. Keeping in mind that the climate change and REDD+ are continuously evolving topics, the paper argues that sustained capacity development is needed alongside building skills to effectively communicate aspirations and concerns of grassroots communities to policymakers and thus help bridging a gap between them. At a macro level unclear land tenure, poor governance and conflicting land policies continue to pose challenges for designing and implementation of REDD+ and sharing potential benefits from it. To address some of these challenges, the paper argues that multi-pronged and multiscale sustained interventions are needed, supported by building partnerships, collaborations and synergies among stakeholders. Such a coordinated effort will ultimately contribute to future global climate regime and help in poverty reduction among forest dependent communities.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:57:21 GMT

Rural advisory services: What works? A synthesis on innovative approaches for benefiting and empowering farmers

<p>This paper presents an assessment of four types of Rural Advisory Services with two examples &ndash; from Africa and Southeast Asia &ndash; of successful agroforestry extension programs.</p><p>The four types are: a) Farmer-to-farmer extension; b) Rural Resource Centres and rural institutions; c) Community nurseries and agroforestry farmer field schools; and d) Civil society campaigns, radio and social network analysis.</p><p>Rural Advisory Services (RAS) are activities that empower farmers with knowledge, strengthen their capacity, and promote innovation. This need is particularly acute for agroforestry practices, which are typically knowledge-intensive, often requiring specialised skills such as raising seedlings in a nursery and pruning trees. The paper highlights that helping farmers access the information and services they need is therefore a key priority in agroforestry and, more generally, programs aimed at improving rural livelihoods.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:47:36 GMT

Climate and Development Outlook: Pakistan special edition - Learning to live with climate change

<p>This paper explores the work of the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) in Pakistan.</p><p>It highlights that farmers in in Southern Punjab worry about increasingly frequent and intense floods and how they could affect their families&rsquo; property, especially as torrential rains and flooding are becoming more common and it&rsquo;s getting harder to cope.</p><p>CDKN is working with government, business and civil society in Pakistan to take a more proactive approach to planning and preparing for climate-related disasters. The national government is also paying increasing attention to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, so that Pakistan can do its part toward limiting climate change on a global scale. Although Pakistan has low greenhouse gas emissions, there are opportunities for development that is low-carbon as well as climate-resilient: opportunities to look at climate-compatible development in a holistic way.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:29:41 GMT

Coping with climate risk: the role of institutions, governance and finance in private adaptation decisions of the poor

<p>This paper looks at climate change adaptation from the point of view of households and asks how political and economic institutions may affect &ndash; help or hinder &ndash; these adaptation decisions.</p><p>The authors review the range of risk-coping mechanisms available to poorer households, with a focus on possible barriers to adaptation. They ask both how government interventions affect the set of options available for adaptation and risk coping, and also what these adaptive responses imply for development prospects, and in particular the prospects of the poor and other marginalised groups. The paper argues that some risk taking is necessary for development and adaptation therefore should be primarily about risk-coping rather than arbitrary attempts to minimise risks. It highlights that a previous neglected consideration for policymakers is how adaptation and development will interact dynamically over time.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:12:02 GMT

Systematic review of current efforts to quantify the impacts of climate change on undernutrition

<p>Malnutrition is a challenge to the health and productivity of populations and is viewed as one of the five largest adverse health impacts of climate change. Nonetheless, systematic evidence quantifying these impacts is currently limited. Our aim was to assess the scientific evidence base for the impact of climate change on childhood undernutrition (particularly stunting) in subsistence farmers in low- and middle-income countries. A systematic review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed and gray full-text documents in English with no limits for year of publication or study design. Fifteen manuscripts were reviewed. Few studies use primary data to investigate the proportion of stunting that can be attributed to climate/weather variability. Although scattered and limited, current evidence suggests a significant but variable link between weather variables, e.g., rainfall, extreme weather events (floods/droughts), seasonality, and temperature, and childhood stunting at the household level (12 of 15 studies, 80%). In addition, we note that agricultural, socioeconomic, and demographic factors at the household and individual levels also play substantial roles in mediating the nutritional impacts. Comparable interdisciplinary studies based on primary data at a household level are urgently required to guide effective adaptation, particularly for rural subsistence farmers. Systemization of data collection at the global level is indispensable and urgent. We need to assimilate data from long-term, high-quality agricultural, environmental, socioeconomic, health, and demographic surveillance systems and develop robust statistical methods to establish and validate causal links, quantify impacts, and make reliable predictions that can guide evidence-based health interventions in the future.</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:11:21 GMT

Not just hot air: Putting climate change education into practice

<p>This report outlines five recommendations for policymakers on how Climate Change Education (CCE) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) can be integrated at the national level.</p><p>These recommendations are focused on: 1) Policy development, arguing for integration of ESD and CCE into all levels and types of education and across the curriculum; 2) Governance and resources, calling for high-level support and a clearly defined national coordination structure; 3) Curriculum development, arguing that Ministries of Education and education planners should review, develop and strengthen their curricula to ensure that CCE and ESD feature at all levels of the education system. It highlights that new curricula should be flexible enough to be adaptable to local contexts. 4) Capacity-building of teachers and education planners; 5) Public awareness, communication and stakeholder involvement, arguing that governments should support non-formal education opportunities provided by communities, civil society and the media.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 15:02:30 GMT

The cost of inaction: Recognising the value at risk from climate change

<p>This report highlights that climate change is likely to represent an obstacle for many asset owners and managers to fulfil their fiduciary duties.</p><p>It argues that the asset management industry &ndash; and thus the wider community of investors of all sizes &ndash; is facing the prospect of significant losses from the effects of climate change. The report highlights that assets can be directly damaged by floods, droughts and severe storms, but portfolios can also be harmed indirectly, through weaker growth and lower asset returns. Climate change is a long-term, probably irreversible problem beset by substantial uncertainty. The report highlights that climate change is a problem of extreme risk: this means that the average losses to be expected are not the only source of concern; on the contrary, the outliers, the particularly extreme scenarios, may matter most of all.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:46:18 GMT

Assessment of Under Nutrition of Bangladeshi Adults Using Anthropometry: Can Body Mass Index Be Replaced by Mid-Upper-Arm-Circumference?

<p>Body-mass-index (BMI) is widely accepted as an indicator of nutritional status in adults. Mid-upper-arm-circumference (MUAC) is another anthropometric-measure used primarily among children. The present study attempted to evaluate the use of MUAC as a simpler alternative to BMI cut-off &lt;18.5 to detect adult undernutrition, and thus to suggest a suitable cut-off value.</p><p>Data shows strong significant positive correlation (linear) between MUAC and BMI, for males r = 0.81, (p&lt;0.001) and for females r = 0.828, (p&lt;0.001). MUAC cut-off&lt;25.1 cm in males (AUC 0.930) and &lt; 23.9 cm in females (AUC 0.930) were chosen separately based on highest corresponding Youden&#39;s index. These values best correspond with BMI cut-off for under nutrition (BMI &lt; 18.5) in either gender.</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:45:09 GMT

Building Environmental Resilience: A snapshot of farmers adapting to climate change in Kenya

<p>This report examines the practise used to build resilience to climate change by farmers in Kenya.</p><p>In October 2014 interviews were conducted with farmers and members of the organisations that support them in West and Eastern Kenya. The aim was to identify which practices are being used successfully to build resilience, and alternatively which practices increase vulnerability.</p><p>The report concludes that climate change adaptation in agriculture is a concern for many farmers in Africa. In the case studies reviewed in this report, adaptive strategies aim to address issues of environmental degradation and drought through building soil fertility and focusing on water capture, retention and storage.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:36:57 GMT

Guatemalan school food environment: impact on schoolchildren's risk of both undernutrition and overweight/obesity

<p>Guatemala suffers the double burden of malnutrition with high rates of stunting alongside increasing childhood overweight/obesity. This study examines the school food environment (SFE) at low-income Guatemalan elementary schools and discusses its potential impact on undernutrition and overweight/ obesity. From July through October 2013, direct observations, in-depth interviews with school principals (n= 4) and food kiosk vendors (n= 4, 2 interviews each) and also focus groups (FGs) with children (n= 48, 8 FGs) were conducted. The SFE comprises food from school food kiosks (casetas); food from home or purchased in the street; and food provided by the school (refacci&oacute;n). School casetas, street vendors and children&rsquo;s parents largely provide sandwiches, calorie-rich snacks and sugar-sweetened beverages. Refacci&oacute;n typically serves energy dense atol, a traditional beverage. The current school food program (refacci&oacute;n), the overall SFE and the roles/opinions of vendors and principals reveal persistent anxiety concerning undernutrition and insufficient concern for overweight/obesity. Predominant concern for elementary schoolchildren remains focused on undernutrition. However, by the time children reach elementary school (ages 6&ndash;12+), food environments should encourage dietary behaviors to prevent childhood overweight/obesity.</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:33:42 GMT

Climate-informed decisions: The Capital Investment Plan as a mechanism for lowering carbon emissions

<p>This working paper focuses on capital investment.</p><p>It concludes that relatively minor alterations to common procedures can reveal the trade-offs and local benefits of low carbon alternatives in the capital investment planning process.</p><p>It argues that the methodologies most able to effect the transformation to the local adoption of alternatives to conventional energy sources, technologies, and urban development will be those that are convenient and affordable to administer, and that offer straight-forward low carbon alternatives to traditional forms of infrastructure investment. The paper highlights that current methodologies for capital investment planning that do not take climate change into consideration can result in prioritisation of investments that diverge from a low carbon path and a potential missed opportunity to reap financial benefits from efficiency gains.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:24:10 GMT

Bangladesh national nutrition services: assessment of implementation status

<p>This report presents the findings of an operations research study conducted to assess the implementation of the Government of Bangladesh&rsquo;s National Nutrition Services Program (NNS) and to identify the achievements, determine the bottlenecks that adversely impact these achievements, and highlight potential solutions to ensure smooth delivery of the program. <br /></p><p>A mixed methods research approach was used to evaluate five major domains of the program: management and support services; training and capacity development; service delivery; monitoring and evaluation, and; exposure to interventions. <br /></p><p>The study found that the overall NNS effort is an ambitious, but valuable approach to support nutrition actions through an existing health system with diverse platforms. The results indicate that although the maintenance of strong and stable leadership of NNS is an essential element to ensure integrated and well-coordinated comprehensive service delivery for the line directorate, the current arrangement is unable to ensure effective implementation and coordination of NNS. <br /></p><p>Focusing on some of the critical challenges related to leadership and coordination in the first instance, and on embedding a small core set of interventions into well-matched (for scale, target populations, and potential for impact) health system delivery platforms is most likely to help achieve scale and impact. <br /></p><p>Strategic investments in ensuring transparency, engaging available technical partners for monitoring and implementation support, and not shying away from other potential high coverage outreach platforms like some NGO platforms also could prove fruitful. <br /></p><p>Moreover, although the Government of Bangladesh, and the health system in particular, must lead the effort to deliver for nutrition, it is clear that development partners who have expressed a commitment to nutrition must coordinate their own activities and provide the support that can deliver on nutrition&rsquo;s potential for Bangladesh.</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:13:10 GMT

Impacts of good practice policies on regional and global greenhouse gas emissions

<p>This report looks at the impact of &lsquo;good practice&rsquo; emission reduction policies in nine different areas globally and across six countries: China, Brazil, India, the US, Russia and Japan.</p><p>These include renewable energy, a variety of energy efficiency standards (buildings, car fuel efficiency, appliances and lighting, industry), hydrofluorocarbons (HFC&rsquo;s), emissions from fossil fuel production, electric cars and forestry.</p><p>The authors looked at the most ambitious &lsquo;good practice&rsquo; policies around the world that are being implemented now, and calculated the difference these would make if everybody were to apply them.</p><p>If all governments follow those governments that currently adopt the best climate policies in just nine different areas, the authors argue that they could reduce emissions close to the levels needed to stay on track to hold global warming below 2˚C. Direct replication of good practice policies is projected to halt emissions growth in most regions significantly before 2030.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 14:11:08 GMT

Benefits of a green economy transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa

<p>This paper explores the relevance, potential benefits and key arguments for countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to pursue inclusive green growth to achieve sustainable development.</p><p>It begins by outlining the development challenges for countries of the region and how a green economy approach can help to address these, then goes on to outline the progress already being made. Many of the key economic, social and environmental benefits are outlined which, it is argued, a green economy can potentially offer to SSA countries. The key arguments in making the political and economic case for pursuing a green economy are also outlined. Finally, recommendations are made on the range of potential areas for intervention where donors and technical assistance organisations can best support countries in the SSA region to make the transition to a green economy effectively.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Aug 2015 13:56:11 GMT

Link NCA nutrition causal analysis: overview

<p>This document presents a general overview of the Link method for conducting a Nutrition Causal Analysis (NCA). It is a new method that ACF has developed.</p><p>A nutrition causal analysis (NCA) is a method for analysing the multi-causality of under-nutrition, as a starting point for improving the relevance and effectiveness of multi-sectoral nutrition security programming in a given context.</p><p>The Link NCA relies on quantitative surveys (from secondary data and/or from a SMART nutrition survey and Risk Factor Survey conducted during the NCA) to assess under-nutrition status and the prevalence of known risk factors. Qualitative methods are incorporated throughout the protocol to address questions regarding how or why under-nutrition or good nutrition occurs, and to consider the interactions between causes, common feedback loops, and the evolution of the causes through time and seasons.</p><p>The information generated from multiple data sources are then triangulated and reviewed through a participatory process to generate consensus on under-nutrition causality and to better inform programs.</p>

24 Aug 2015 13:43:57 GMT

Climate finance and water security: Zambia case study

<p>This Zambia case study has been developed for the project &lsquo;Research on climate finance and water security&rsquo;.</p><p>The project aims to identify the type and scale of national and sub-national programmes and projects that have been funded by climate finance and how they relate to local water security.</p><p>The case study report reviews the evidence base on water security and climate change for Zambia, and explores the nexus between the two thematic areas; reviews the policy and institutional frameworks for climate finance in Zambia, and sets out an analysis of the reported climate finance funds flowing from international donors. It then goes on to set out an analysis of the identified climate finance flows categorised in terms of their relevance to a hierarchy of water security issues and presents the study&rsquo;s conclusions and recommendations.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

24 Aug 2015 13:40:40 GMT

Developmental states: a review of the literature

<p style="margin-left:.25in">This paper conducts a review of the literature concerning developmental states, in order to identify gaps and suggest research questions. The paper clarifies that usually, those states identified as developmental states have been successful in achieving marked levels of growth.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">The document indicates that much of the reviewed literature examines the routes which states have taken to become &ldquo;developmental&rdquo; in order to identify the key elements which enabled them to be successful. In this respect, colonialism is seen as a foundational experience from which some developmental states have emerged. Furthermore, agricultural and land reform are also seen to be precursors to the emergence of the industrial developmental states which have come to be seen as the archetype of a developmental state.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">In the same fashion, the author highlights that global conditions are vitally important for the emergence of developmental states because the strategies of developmental states are about a change in the position of the state globally. On the other hand, the paper underlines the problematic elements of developmental states which have often been authoritarian rather than democratic.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">In the final analysis, the document suggests some innovative ways to methodologically approach issues of developmental states:</p><ul><li>cross country quantitative comparisons</li><li>historical analysis</li><li>&ldquo;ethnographic&rdquo; research on the bureaucracy</li></ul>

22 Aug 2015 21:18:36 GMT

Annotated bibliography on developmental states, political settlements and citizenship formation: towards increased state capacity and legitimacy?

<p style="margin-left:.25in">Policymakers and academics agree that an effective state is the foundation for inclusive development, whilst also recognising the critical role of non-state actors in the delivery of goods and services to poor people. This compilation demonstrates that recent research has offered important insights into the role of state-society relations and bargaining amongst elites in shaping development, and of the progressive role that informal forms of politics can sometimes play.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">However, the author points that most governance research has tended to focus on either elitist or popular forms of politics (rarely both), to ignore the importance of global influences, and to deal with one-off case-studies. Yet, the paper underlines that full understanding the political process of globalisation and the retrenchment of the welfare state cannot be achieved without examining how these policies are experienced differentially on the ground.</p><p style="margin-left:.25in">The document argues that existing donor programmes fail to recognise the full potential of citizen engagement, resulting in lack of understanding of the complex relationship between citizens and the state that shapes governance outcomes. On the other hand, the inability of post-colonial states to move away from the colonial legacy and &ldquo;depoliticise&rdquo; cultural difference hinders processes of nation-building and gives rise to political and ethnic violence, particularly in Africa.</p>

22 Aug 2015 12:35:55 GMT

ICTs for Feminist Movement Building Activist Toolkit

This toolkit draws on the experience and contexts of women activists in southern Africa and beyond. While it focuses on women&rsquo;s rights activists, anyone who is part of a movement for social change will find it useful. <br />The toolkit aims to assist activists to think through their communication strategies in a way that supports movement building. It offers an exciting and practical guide to writing a communication strategy and reviews a number of tools (ICTs) and technology-related campaigns which can be used in organising work. At the core, this toolkit is also about feminist practice and how to use tools to communicate in ways that are democratic, amplify women's voices whilst challenging stereotypes and discriminatory social norms.&nbsp;The&nbsp;aim is to assist activists in making creative, safe and sustainable choices in using ICTs in&nbsp;their communication strategies. <br />

21 Aug 2015 14:51:28 GMT

Resourcing for resilience: lessons from funding women's rights movements

<p>The last few years have seen two related trends: a marked shrinking of civil society space in a number of countries, and a greater recognition of the need for targeted and appropriate resources to support enabling <br />environments for civil society to thrive. Shrinking space for civil society has entailed severe attacks on women&rsquo;s rights activists, women human rights defenders (WHRDs) and women&rsquo;s rights groups and movements. Meanwhile the focus on enabling environments has meant that increased attention is being paid to the funding mechanisms needed to resource civil society, including women&rsquo;s rights movements, to resist these attacks. <br /><br />This article discusses how the kinds of work women&rsquo;s rights social movements are undertaking exposes them to risks in some predictable ways, why a focus on resourcing resilience is a responsible and effective means of supporting them to handle these risks, and the ways in which Mama Cash and the Urgent Action Fund are collaborating towards a &lsquo;continuum of funding&rsquo; approach to do this well. <br /><br />(summary taken from source)</p>

21 Aug 2015 14:39:07 GMT

Research partnerships: the benefits of North–South collaboration

<p>Partnerships between Northern and Southern researchers are a powerful tool for studying problems of global change and for shaping development policies. North&ndash;South partnerships enable teams of researchers to focus on specific problems and to strengthen research capacities in developing countries. They also enable Southern researchers to contribute to their home countries as part of an international network. This issue of &quot;evidence for policy&quot; draws on recent publications from the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South to illustrate how partnership benefits science and sustainable development.</p><p>Policy implications of NCCR North-South research:</p><ul><li>partnerships support evidence-based policies Research partnerships are an ideal way for international donor agencies to generate policy-relevant knowledge for development. They enable teams of researchers from both developing and developed countries to collaborate with local people, development staff, and policymakers to identify solutions to pressing problems facing developing countries</li><li>partnerships improve research capacities in developing countries (and in the North) The exchange of experience between Northern and Southern researchers builds the expertise of both groups. As part of a team, Southern researchers are more likely to be able to publish their scientific results in renowned journals and to fulfil other international standards of research excellence</li><li>partnerships are an excellent way to fund research on global issues Complex, internationally relevant challenges such as global change and sustainable development are best studied in North&ndash;South partnerships. Sustained partnership networks are more capable of applying shared principles of transboundary research compared with short-term ad hoc partnerships</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

21 Aug 2015 14:31:10 GMT

What does Nepal’s Old Age Allowance mean for the elderly? Evidence from Rolpa

<p>Introduced in 1994 by former Prime Minister Manmohan Adhikari, Nepal&rsquo;s Old Age Allowance originally started as a monthly cash transfer of 100 Nepalese rupees to citizens of 75 years and above. Some years later, in 2008/09, this amount was increased to Rs 500 per month and eligibility was extended: members of the Dalit community and those living in the Karnali region aged over 60 years are now able to claim the allowance, as are other Nepalese citizens over the age of 70.</p><p>Today, Nepal&rsquo;s Old Age Allowance is considered a core pillar of the state&rsquo;s social protection system. However, questions regarding its effectiveness &ndash; and what it means for those receiving it &ndash; remain. More specifically, the impacts of the transfer on individual and household well-being as well as on recipients&rsquo; relationships with others (including the state) are not fully clear.</p><p>Drawing on primary research, this brief &lsquo;situation paper&rsquo; explores these questions, concluding with some key recommendations for policy makers.</p><p>Key messages:</p><ul><li>the Old Age Allowance is insufficient for fulfilling needs besides food, it would be beneficial to consider increasing the allowance from Rs 500</li><li>given the challenges many elderly people face in simply collecting their transfer, distributing the allowance through more localised ward-based offices would benefit recipients, as would home distributions by the Village Development Committee (VDC)</li><li>elderly people&rsquo;s concerns around ethnicity and age eligibility barriers need to be considered by policy makers, especially as the Old Age Allowance is presented as a universally targeted scheme</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

21 Aug 2015 13:56:42 GMT

Pensions and other social protection benefits for older persons: insights from the ILO World Social Protection Report 2014/15

<p>Public social security pensions are essential tools for ensuring income security for women and men as they grow older. This income, along with access to quality health services, is necessary for the dignity and well-being of older persons, and imperative to realise their rights.</p><p>While examples of extension of coverage represent significant progress, benefit levels are often modest. Ensuring the adequacy of pensions remains a considerable challenge, particularly as some countries seek to find cost savings in public pension schemes as part of fiscal consolidation measures in the wake of the global crisis.</p><p>Key points:</p><ul><li>old age pensions and other social protection benefits are key to ensuring income security and well-being for older persons</li><li>nearly half (48 per cent) of all people over pensionable age do not receive a pension</li><li>this gap will have to be filled to a large extent by an expansion of non-contributory pensions (&ldquo;social pensions&rdquo;)</li><li>many countries have recently made efforts to expand the coverage of contributory pension schemes and to establish non-contributory pensions to guarantee at least basic income security in old age to all</li><li>yet, at the same time, fiscal consolidation processes are creating global pressure to reduce state responsibility for guaranteeing income security in old age and shifting large parts of the economic risks associated with pension provision onto individuals, thereby undermining the adequacy of pension systems and reducing their ability to prevent poverty in old age</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

21 Aug 2015 13:12:11 GMT

The (missing) social protection for older people in Tanzania: a comparative study in rural and urban areas

<p>The United Republic of Tanzania (2003) responded to the given challenges by creating a National Policy on Ageing to set a base for promoting health care, participation and income security for its older population. After Mauritius it is the second country in Africa to have set such a concrete policy on ageing.</p><p>In addition there is a continuing initiative towards a National Social Protection Framework (NSPF) which clearly exhibits the existence of political will to address the question of social protection.</p><p>Despite promising political documents it can be said that so far it is mainly non-governmental agencies that operate towards an implementation of older people&rsquo;s issues in development programs on different levels and regions of the country. Until now substantial action by the Tanzanian government to assure social protection to people in their old age is still to come.</p><p>This study on (the missing) social protection for older people in Tanzania (referred to as the SOC-PRO AGED study in this report) derives from a partnership program between the Institute of Social Work in Dar es Salaam and its Austrian partner, the Carinthia University of Applied Sciences.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul> <li> <p>one way of ensuring equitable development targeted at very poor and most vulnerable population groups is through a universal social protection package including education, health and income. Poor older people should be a core beneficiary of such a package, alongside other vulnerable groups, so as to fulfill their right to development as well as to be able to contribute to their families and those in their care</p> </li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul> <li>households headed by older people face various kinds of risks. Thereforesocial protection interventions should range from risk reduction, mitigation and coping to ensure that a household&rsquo;s entire risk profile is addressed, thus older people&rsquo;s rights to personal development and well-being are protected and fulfilled</li> <li>there is a need for a broad social dialogue if the quality of life of older people is to be improved. A public forum where issues of older people could be discussed and agreed upon is strongly recommended</li> <li>the responsibility of various stakeholders such as policy makers, authorities at different levels, communities and individuals to promote and advocate for human rights of older people should gain high priority on the political agenda</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

21 Aug 2015 13:02:00 GMT

The chimera of global convergence

<p>It has become a staple of conventional wisdom that global economic power is shifting inexorably towards the East and the South. Many insist that we are on the brink of a world-&shy;historic rebalancing that will result in the end of Western domination and the rise of a new hegemony. In particular, the emergence of China on the world stage&mdash;or re&shy;-emergence, if one has a longer time&shy;scale in mind&mdash; is seen as heralding the dawn of an &lsquo;Asian Century&rsquo;.</p><p>Yet this narrative of Western decline is misleading, above all because it greatly exagger&shy;ates the fading of the US as the world&rsquo;s leading capitalist power. In fact, the contemporary rise of so&shy;called &lsquo;emerging markets&rsquo; poses even less of a challenge to US leadership than the revival of Western Europe and Japan in the post&shy;war decades. There is already evidence to suggest that the growth rates of these markets may have peaked around 2011, with&shy;out altering their basic dependence on commodity exports to Western economies (with the partial exception of China). The road towards con&shy;vergence between the West and the Rest is a great deal rockier than most commentators believe, and there is no certainty about the outcome.</p><p>For the most part, debates on these questions lack a solid empirical foundation. Many of the scholars who conduct serious research in this area are hampered by a methodology that has become anachronistic in the age of global capitalism, one that equates national power with national accounts&mdash;GDP above all, but also balances of trade and pay&shy;ments, shares of world manufacturing and so on&mdash;as if we still lived in a world of nationally discrete political economies.</p><p>Whether or not the equation &lsquo;GDP = power&rsquo; was meaningful in the 1950s, the globalization of capital in recent decades has clearly rendered it problematic. When a substantial, often growing proportion of economic activity within a country&rsquo;s borders is directed by foreign capitalists, we need to rethink the way that we measure national power&mdash;which does not mean that the concept itself is now irrelevant, as some have argued, since power is still nationally organized and concentrated.</p><p>This essay was first published in <a href="http://newleftreview.org/">New Left Review</a> (May-June 2014) and is republished here as part of TNI&rsquo;s Shifting Power working paper series with NLR&rsquo;s kind permission.</p>

21 Aug 2015 09:53:01 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Read our latest February edition and all previous issues of the newsletter.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 15:51:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Mainstreaming Green Growth: Venice, the ideal place to wade through the issues - Insights Blog

Ever plodded through flood waters to get to a conference? In late January, the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) held their 3rd annual conference in Venice, Italy. The flooded city reminded attendees about the real world changes that are occurring and the need for continued action towards going green.

Fri, 20 Feb 2015 10:46:00 GMT

The Metropolitan Century - Understanding Urbanisation and its Consequences

The world is experiencing a wave of urbanisation that has the potential to greatly benefit residents, countries and the planet at large. This report analyses the secrets of successful cities and the policies that contribute to their success.

Wed, 18 Feb 2015 16:25:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Green Development Co-operation in Zambia - Green Growth Paper

Embracing green growth can secure strong, stable and sustainable development. An increasing number of developing countries have formulated and/or implemented innovative policies to pursue green growth, notably in Africa. Zambia, in particular, is committed to drawing up an Inclusive Green Growth Strategy (IGGS) that builds upon a nationally-defined and comprehensive definition of green growth.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:57:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

A big year for development - Insights Blog

This will be “the mother of all years for summits on international development". International delegates will gather in Addis Ababa in July to discuss how poorer countries can fund their development. In September, attention will shift to New York, where the UN will sign off on the successors to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In December, Paris will take centre stage to host the global climate change conference, COP21.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:47:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) 2015 Annual Conference

Third Annual Conference on the theme of "Fiscal Policies and the Green Economy Transition: Generating Knowledge – Creating Impact" held at the University of Venice from 29 through 30 January 2015. The press release is available.

Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:57:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Green growth: Environmental policies and productivity can work together

As environmental pressures continue to rise, governments throughout the OECD area have not been sitting back. If anything, the stringency of their policy measures has been increasing on the whole, not least to combat pollution and climate change. And as the evidence shows, stringent environmental policies can be introduced without hurting overall productivity.

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: Korea

Report finds that some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transferring centres, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 10:08:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

This Forum examined the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:09:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: Knowledge Sharing

Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Death and taxis: Why the Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum matters - Insights Blog

The Green Growth and Sustainable development Forum is an annual event, and the third Forum will take place on 13-14 November 2014. This blog highlights the importance of the Forum, and how, far from being "abstract", this year's Forum offers an invaluable opportunity to address the social implications of implementing green growth strategies.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 15:35:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy - OECD ProgBlog

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

New OECD analysis of developing country participation in global value chains

Although global value chains (GVCs) are often considered a defining feature of the current wave of globalisation, little is known about what drives GVC participation; what the benefits associated to growing participation are; or how developing countries engage and benefit from GVCs. This brand new paper provides empirical evidence of the benefits that developing countries can draw from integrating into GVCs.

Thu, 23 Apr 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Fri, 17 Apr 2015 09:48:00 GMT

OECD News: Trade #5

March 2015 OECD trade newsletter featuring the latest analysis on the impact of services trade restrictions on trade flows across different sectors.

Thu, 12 Mar 2015 12:46:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Blog: Export Restrictions in Raw Materials

Blog post on the OECD Insights blog discussing the conclusions from the new book on Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 16:22:00 GMT

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Colombia: Country Director - Colombia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: HelpAge InternationalCountry: ColombiaClosing date: 18 Sep 2015ISB &amp; £29,906 gross per annumFull time postBogotá, Colombia2 year Fixed-Term contract, Accompanied positionHelpAge International is a global network of not-for-profit organisations with a vision of a world where older people fulfill their potential to lead active, dignified, healthy and secure lives. With over 70 affiliates and 300 partners across more than 50 countries the HelpAge network brings together hundreds of organisations worldwide. HelpAge opened its office in Bogota in 2008, and has currently

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Grants & Communication Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: HaitiClosing date: 26 Oct 2015OVERALL DESCRIPTION General Description of Programme: GOAL has been in Haiti for over five years, operating programmes in both the urban and rural context, in Port au Prince and Gressier respectively. GOAL continues to respond to the housing, water and sanitation needs of vulnerable families affected by the earthquake, while transitioning to delivery of an integrated community-led development programme. During this strategic period GOAL aims to link relief and recovery to development, focusing on 3 key programmatic sectors: DRR &amp;

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Treasury Specialist (source: Asian Development Bank)

Job Purpose

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Principal Risk Management Specialist (Re-advertisement) (source: Asian Development Bank)

Job PurposeLead and oversee ADB´s sovereign risk assessments and related due diligence. Enhance the methodology and process for country and sovereign risk assessment. Work with departments across organization lines to improve processes, tools, and guidelines as appropriate. Work within a framework of broad policies and objectives, working directly with clients, applying a high degree of autonomy in the selection of work methods.Expected OutcomesCountry and Sovereign Risk Assessment

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Principal Risk Management Specialist (Re-Advertisement) (source: Asian Development Bank)

Job PurposeOversee the development, implementation, and maintenance of a comprehensive risk management framework, including policies, methodologies, and IT systems. Work with departments across organization lines to improve processes, tools, and guidelines as appropriate. Work within a framework of broad policies, principles and goals, applying a high degree of autonomy in selection of work methods.Expected Outcomesa. Risk Management

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Send a Cow: COMMUNICATIONS MANAGER - Maternity Cover (source: Third Sector Jobs)

2.5 days per week, £23,500:Send a Cow:This is an exciting opportunity for an experienced communications professional to join this international development charity during an exciting pe...Newton St Loe, Nr Bath, Somerset

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Policy Intern (source: Open Society Institute)

The Open Society European Policy Institute is currently seeking a Policy Intern in Brussels

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Relief InternationalCountry: Kenya, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 25 Sep 2015Position: Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) AdvisorLocation:London or Nairobi (with ability to travel)About RI:Relief International (RI) is a leading global change organization and home to teams of humanitarian activist-professionals committed to transforming adversity into renewal for the world’s most vulnerable populations. By partnering with beneficiaries and communities on the front-lines, RI innovatively bridges the gap between immediate relief and

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: Web Content Editor/Strategist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Food ProgrammeCountry: ItalyClosing date: 27 Sep 2015The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world&#39;s largest humanitarian agency, fighting hunger worldwide. We are seeking to fill an international consultancy position of Web Content Editor/Strategist, based at our Headquarters in Rome, Italy for an initial contract period of 6 months with possibility of extension.Do you have extensive experience defining a web content strategy? Do you not mind getting your hands dirty with the entire content lifecycle: analysing, planning, writing, editing, distributing,

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Enhancing functionality of the Disaster Risk Monitoring System at the National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Sep 2015PROJECT/ASSIGNMENT TITLE:Enhancing functionality of the Disaster Risk Monitoring System at the National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC)Level: NOBDuty Station: KampalaDuration: 2 monthsWORKPLAN CODE NUMBER:The consultant will improve the functionality of the Disaster Risk Monitoring system at the National Emergency Coordination and Operations Centre (NECOC).JustificationUNICEF has invested in innovative approaches to provide information aimed at mitigating the effects of Disasters

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Humanitarian Affairs Officer, P4, 15-HRA-OCHA-47187-J-NEW YORK (X) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian AffairsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 04 Sep 2015Special NoticePlease note that this is a temporary job opening, open to internal as well as external candidates. The position is available until 28 February 2016, with possibility of extension, and the selected candidate is expected to start as soon as possible. Please note this post is under classification and may not give rise to an SPA.A current staff member who holds a fixed-term, permanent or continuing appointment may apply for temporary positions no more than

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Chief, World Humanitarian Summit Secretariat, D-1 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Development ProgrammeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 10 Sep 2015Location : New York, UNITED STATES OF AMERICAType of Contract :FTA InternationalPost Level :D-1Languages Required : EnglishStarting Date : (date when the selected candidate is expected to start) 01-Nov-2015Duration of Initial Contract :1 yearExpected Duration of Assignment :1 yearBackground on the WHSThe landscape of humanitarian action has changed since 1991, when a landmark resolution of the United Nations General Assembly established the international humanitarian response system

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: Social Protection West Africa Consultancy (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: SenegalClosing date: 11 Sep 2015Save the Children are seeking a Consultant to advance the organisation’s approach and role in developing child sensitive, adaptive social protection in the West Africa region.Our aim, across our full social protection portfolio, is to collaborate with national governments and partners to scale-up social protection and improve impact for children. Adaptive social protection is a critical tool for building resilience in the Sahel helping to lift the most vulnerable in society out of the downward spiral of debt, asset

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Philippines: Deputy Country Director - Programmes- Philippines (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: PhilippinesClosing date: 18 Sep 2015Join our operation in the Philippines during a time of change and growthPlan has been working in the Philippines since 1961, helping poor children to realise their rights to health care, education, protection and a high quality of life.We work in 420 communities nationwide. More than 80,000 families benefit from our projectsPlan Philippines has four main country program in the current Country Strategic Plan (CSP), namely Batang Listo (Learned Child), Batang Ligtas (Protected Child), Batang Lusog (Healthy Child) and Batang

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Clinical Psychologist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: LebanonClosing date: 06 Sep 2015****Clinical Psychologist********Location****Beqaa Area****Type of Appointment**** Contractor****Deadline for Application**** 06 September 2015****Vacancy Announcement Number**** ****980/2015****Department/Division Health DepartmentMAIN RESPONSIBILITIESIn accordance with established Agency policy and procedures, the incumbent:(A)Conducts psychological health consultations within UNRWA health centers; provides guidance and counseling to individuals and groups and conducts

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: RCA - Responsable Logistique/Construction Réhabilitation Préfectures (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 15 Sep 2015COOPI est une organisation non gouvernementale italienne, indépendante et laïque, engagée dans la lutte contre les injustices sociales et la pauvreté dans le Sud du monde et dans la construction d&#39;un futur dans lequel soient garantis pour tous de bonnes conditions de vie, le respect des droits et la parité des opportunités. Depuis 1965, COOPI a réalisé plus de 600 projets de développement et interventions d&#39;urgence dans 50 pays , employant plus de 30 mille opérateurs locaux et

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: RCA – Coordinateur Administratif (H/F) – Bangui (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 12 Oct 2015Date de prise de fonction souhaitée :15/11/15Durée de la mission : 12 moisLocalisation : Basé à BanguiSolidarités International (SI) a débuté ses activités en RCA en 2007. Aujourd’hui SI implémente un projet intégré SA/EHA dans les zones de Kabo et de Moyenne Sido, dans le nord du pays. L’action dans la zone se poursuit avec un programme d’appui au retour et à la réinstallation via la reconstruction d’abris, et la participation à un consortium combinant les approches SA et Protection. Enfin,

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Project Manager

SHAPE ACTION, IMPACT LIVELIHOODS ALC India is a management consulting service provider with a difference. To address the livelihood transformation needs of the economically marginalised, ALC India offers a wide range of consulting and implementation services. Run by experienced and passionate professionals from diverse fields, ALC India seeks to ensure that marginalised people are recognized as active contributors to the economy and that they can generate as well as receive an equitable share of wealth. ALC India works with a range of stakeholders &ndash; government agencies, international agencies,

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Infection Prevention and Control Nurse Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 26 Oct 2015Ebola Outbreak in Sierra Leone and GOALs Response to DateThe 2014 Ebola outbreak is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first in West Africa. The current outbreak is affecting multiple countries in West Africa with Sierra Leone first reporting cases in March of last year. As of May 2015, Sierra Leone has recorded 12,148 suspect, probable, and confirmed cases. GOAL has been working in Sierra Leone since 1999 and has been active in the Ebola Health response since the outbreak was declared. Due to the scale of the outbreak

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Social and Behaviour Change Intern (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALClosing date: 26 Oct 2015Length of Contract: 1 yearBased in: London or Dublin with extensive travelSummary of Role: Working as part of the GOAL Technical Team the SBC Intern will support GOAL’s Social and Behaviour Change programming in Health, Nutrition, Livelihoods, and Water and Sanitation to ensure programming is in line with the Global SBC Strategy.The Intern will travel to GOAL country programmes in Africa, the Middle East and Central America to provide this support. S/he will work closely with the Health SBC Advisor to prioritize countries for visits and to ensure

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland: Logistics Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: IrelandClosing date: 26 Oct 2015General Description:The Logistics Coordinator is responsible for coordination of the logistics support function to all countries where GOAL is operational. The role involves deputising for the Head of Logistics when they are not in the Dublin office, ensuring representation at all Dublin meetings along with the LOs as required attendance at external meetings are required. Overall the post holder is responsible for ensuring the day to day running of the logistics office in Dublin, and the implimentation and all tasks as designated by

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Global Logistics Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALClosing date: 26 Oct 2015General Description:The primary function of the Global Logistics Advisor is to provide support, training and mentoring for the in-country logistics teams on GOAL logistics procedures and update HQ Logistics (Dublin) on operational requirements across all functions in the country programmes. She/he will also take up an active logistics field role in the initial phase of a GOAL emergency response.Key Responsibilities:Undertake field visits to assess the capacity of country logistics teams and deliver training and development programmes tailored to

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: 15-861: IPC WASH SPECIALIST (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: GuineaClosing date: 25 Sep 201515-861: IPC WASH SPECIALIST****BACKGROUND****International Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****IPC WASH Specialist**** in Guinea.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Brand Manager

For more than 70 years, Oxfam has been working to help create lasting solutions to the injustice of poverty. We&rsquo;ve provided humanitarian aid in the wake of devastating disasters, invested worldwide in development programmes and campaigned and lobbied governments and organisations for change. &nbsp; A simple, inescapable truth underlines everything we do at Oxfam. There&rsquo;s enough wealth in this world to go around. It&rsquo;s not unfortunate that people live in poverty. It&rsquo;s unjustifiable. It&rsquo;s not just their problem. It&rsquo;s ours, too. And with the right support, we

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: A Regional Office Coordinator in Jordan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Première Urgence - Aide Médicale InternationaleCountry: JordanClosing date: 30 Sep 2015Première Urgence – Aide Médicale Internationale (PU-AMI)is a non-governmental, non-profit, non-political and non-religious international aid organisation. Our teams are committed to supporting civilians victims of marginalisation and exclusion, or hit by natural disasters, wars and economic collapses, by answering their fundamental needs. Our aim is to provide emergency relief to uprooted people in order to help them recover their dignity and regain self-sufficiency. PU-AMI relies on 30 years

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Libya: 15-860: Medical Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: LibyaClosing date: 25 Sep 201515-860: Medical Coordinator****BACKGROUND****International Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****Medical Coordinator**** in Libya.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through health

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Officer (219880-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Sep 2015PROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps implements a variety of programming throughout the Middle East in response to the diverse humanitarian and long-term development challenges of the region. While the Syria response is a significant aspect of Mercy Corps programming, Middle East program implementation also focuses on the Yemen crisis, the unique challenges of West Bank/Gaza, the unfolding conflict in Iraq and entrepreneurship in Egypt. Furthermore, Afghanistan and Pakistan programming is also being absorbed

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Financial Reporting and Compliance Manager- DRC (219877-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 30 Oct 2015PROGRAM/DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since August 2007, with a staff of over 150 people working in North Kivu and Province Orientale. Mercy Corps&#39; national office is in Goma with sub-field offices in Nyanzale, Mweso, Butembo (North Kivu) and Dungu (Province Orientale). Current Mercy Corps activities focus on the provision of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) services in camps of internally displaced people, but also large-scale

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: 15-813: IPC WASH Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: GuineaClosing date: 25 Sep 201515-813: IPC WASH Specialist****BACKGROUND****International Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****IPC WASH Specialist****in Guinea.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: 15-819: Program Development Consultant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 25 Sep 201515-819: Program Development Consultant****BACKGROUND****International Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****Program Development Consultant****in the Democratic Republic of Congo.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

15-820: Technical Surge Advisor- CMAM (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsClosing date: 28 Sep 201515-820: Technical Surge Advisor- CMAM****BACKGROUND****Title: Technical Surge Advisor- CMAMLocation: 50% deployment to emergency locations; Base locations outside of the US and UK will be consideredReports to: Nutrition, Food Security and Livelihoods Director at HQInternational Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****Technical Surge Advisor -

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Coordinateur/trice Technique - Guinee (source: Relief Web)

Country: GuineaClosing date: 30 Sep 2015OBJECTIF GÉNÉRAL DU POSTELe coordinateur / la coordinatrice technique est responsable de l&#39;élaboration, de la coordination etdu suivi de tous les aspects techniques des programmes de la mission. L&#39;objectif principal du poste est d&#39;améliorer la qualité d’exécution, l&#39;intégration intersectorielle et l&#39;innovation dans le programme ACF en Guinée, ainsi que de contribuer au développement et à l´opérationnalisation de la stratégie de la mission et de la stratégie sécurité alimentaire en particulier.OBJETICFS SPÉCIFIQUESDéfinition

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Assistant Program Officer - Middle East/South Asia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Sep 2015PROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps implements a variety of programming throughout the Middle East in response to the diverse humanitarian and long-term development challenges of the region. While the Syria response is a significant aspect of Mercy Corps programming, Middle East program implementation also focuses on the Yemen crisis, the unique challenges of West Bank/Gaza, the unfolding conflict in Iraq and entrepreneurship in Egypt. Furthermore, Afghanistan and Pakistan programming is also being absorbed

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

15-812: Technical Surge Advisor- SBC (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsClosing date: 25 Sep 201515-812: Technical Surge Advisor- SBC****BACKGROUND****International Medical Corps, a global humanitarian nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs, seeks candidates for the position of ****Technical Surge Advisor - SBC****.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through health

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Refugee Rights Toolkit Intern, 2015-16 Academic Year (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Asylum AccessCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Oct 2015Asylum Access – Refugee Rights Toolkit Intern – 2015/2016 Academic YearPosition DescriptionAsylum Access is an innovative nonprofit dedicated to realizing refugee rights in the Africa, Asia and Latin America through legal services, community legal empowerment, policy advocacy and litigation. The organization is currently seeking an intern to support the ongoing development of the Refugee Rights Toolkit.The Refugee Rights Toolkit intern will be report directly to the Global Strategy and Operations Director

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: MONITORING & EVALUATION SYTEM DEVELOPMENT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Concern WorldwideCountry: KenyaClosing date: 06 Sep 2015Concern Worldwide is an international non-governmental humanitarian organization dedicated to the reduction of suffering and working towards the ultimate elimination of extreme poverty in the world’s poorest countries.Concern Worldwide invites Expressions of Interest for the following consultancy opportunity:MONITORING &amp; EVALUATION SYTEM DEVELOPMENTBACKGROUNDConcern Worldwide is currently working in Food Income and Markets (FIM), Education, Health &amp; Nutrition and Governance. Currently each programme is managing

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: UN COORDINATEUR URGENCES « RAPID RESPONSE MECHANISM » (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 13 Sep 2015Nous recherchons : UN COORDINATEUR URGENCES « RAPID RESPONSE MECHANISM »Pays: République Centrafricaine basé à BanguiDurée du contrat: 6 mois (renouvelable) à pourvoir dès que possibleLe rôle :Vous serez en charge d’assurer la coordination des interventions des équipes ACF dans le cadre du Mécanisme de Réponse Rapide dans les zones dédiées et de participer à la définition de la stratégie du Mécanisme avec l’ensemble des partenaires humanitaires. Plus précisément vous serez en charge de :Participer

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: HIV and Sexual Health Country Programme Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TackleAfricaCountry: UgandaClosing date: 25 Sep 2015Responsibilities:1.Management of TackleAfrica’s Uganda country programme.· Ensure that TA monitoring and evaluation processes are followed for every course and follow ups, including data collection. Giving hands on support to ensure the process is sustainable and manageable by those running the course.· Lead processes for programme planning, preparation, organisation etc.; and devise guidelines that staff, coaches and partner organisations can reasonably follow.· Lead the development of new programming based on close

Fri, 28 Aug 2015 00:00: