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Climate Watch

Effective support for climate change adaptation: Key tasks for the Green Climate Fund in 2015

<p>The Green Climate Fund (GCF) made significant progress in 2014. By the end of the year, donor governments had committed an initial US$10.2&nbsp;billion. Half of this sum will be devoted to adaptation, making the GCF the biggest multilateral adaptation finance institution in the world. The GCF&rsquo;s first decisions on use of the funds are due to be taken in late 2015, in the run-up to the 21st&nbsp;Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC&nbsp;COP21), to be held in Paris, France. This policy brief looks at some of the key issues facing the GCF for it to become established as an effective financier of adaptation activities, during this critical year and beyond.&nbsp;</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:48:24 GMT

Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report

<p>An overview of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report&nbsp;</p><p>The Synthesis Report (SYR) of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) provides an overview of the state of knowledge concerning the science of climate change, emphasizing new results since the publication of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) in 2007. The SYR synthesises the main findings of the AR5 based on contributions from Working Group I (The Physical Science Basis), Working Group II (Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability) and Working Group III (Mitigation of&nbsp;Climate Change), plus two additional IPCC reports (Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation and Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation).</p><p>The AR5 SYR longer report is divided into four topics:</p><ul><li>Topic 1 (Observed Changes and their Causes) focuses on observational evidence for a changing climate, the impacts caused by this change and the human contributions to it.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 2 (Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts) assesses projections of future climate change and the resultant projected impacts and risks.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 3 (Future Pathways for Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development) considers adaptation and mitigation as complementary strategies for reducing and managing the risks of climate change.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 4 (Adaptation and Mitigation) describes individual adaptation and mitigation options and policy approaches. It also addresses integrated responses that link mitigation and adaptation with other societal objectives.</li></ul><p>The challenges of understanding and managing risks and uncertainties are important themes in this report.&nbsp;</p><p>(Taken from authors)</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:39:31 GMT

WMO statement on the status of the global climate in 2014

<p><span style="line-height:1.6em">WMO&#39;s </span><span style="line-height:1.6em">series on the key climate events of 2014&nbsp;and an in-depth analysis of regional trends.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This 2014 series is&nbsp;part of a WMO drive to provide more information at regional and national levels to support adaptation to climate variability and change.&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">This Statement draws on data provided by leading global and regional climate centres and research institutes as well as National Meteorological and Hydrological Services.&nbsp;</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The Statement </span><span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;reports&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">that global-average sea-surface temperatures&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">for 2014 were warmer than for any previous&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">year on record. WMO discusses&nbsp;the need to maintain and even&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">strengthen ocean observing systems in&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">order to better understand sea-temperature&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">trends and their implications for long-term&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">climate change.</span></p><p>It&nbsp;also highlights&nbsp;extremes that&nbsp;occurred in 2014 at the national and regional&nbsp;levels. Europe, for example, was unusually&nbsp;warm, with 19 countries reporting record temperatures&nbsp;for the year. Severe flooding and flash&nbsp;floods occurred in many countries, particularly&nbsp;in the Balkans, South Asia, and parts of Africa&nbsp;and South and Central America.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:18:43 GMT

A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage from Climate Change Impacts in Bangladesh

<p>Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, but has increasingly developed national capacity to address climate change impacts. Climate‐related hazards are expected to increase in frequency and intensity, however, and as such it is now becoming clear that adaptation will not be sufficient to avoid loss and damage caused by the adverse effects of climate change. At the global level the emergence and increasing prominence of loss and damage in the international climate negotiations is a result of the failure of both mitigation and adaptation efforts to minimise the impacts of climate change. While there is no universal definition of climate change it has been described as &ldquo;impacts on human systems, which are often channelled through the negative impacts of climate change on natural systems&rdquo; (UNFCCC, 2012a). The authors understand loss and damage to be current or future negative impacts of climate change that cannot be addressed by adaptation efforts. Loss can be thought of as irrecoverable negative impacts while damage can be characterised as those that can be recovered. In 2010, a work programme was created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to enhance understanding of loss and damage and the possible means to address it. The work programme has had the following three thematic areas: (1) Assessing the risk and current knowledge of loss and damage, (2) Exploring a range of approaches to address loss and damage, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset event (3) Determining the role of the Convention, or the UNFCCC, in enhancing the implementation of approaches to address loss and damage. This technical paper addresses questions relating to thematic area 2. 2.</p><p>[Taken from source]</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:58:13 GMT

Loss and Damage to Ecosystem Services

<p>This working paper highlights loss and damage to ecosystems from climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (2014) indicates that adaptation options for ecosystems may be more limited than for human systems and consequently loss and damage both to ecosystems, and to ecosystem services, may be expected. The paper argues that ecosystem services underpin human livelihoods. It is therefore critical to better assess loss and damage to ecosystem services.</p><p>The paper assesses current and expected losses and damages to ecosystem services through a survey of the Working Group II Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change, and a detailed case study of the impact of glacial loss in Peru&rsquo;s Cordillera Blanca. Evidence for changes to services is seen in the different phases of hydrological shift of glacial melt. While the impact of other stressors resulting from human activity on ecosystem services need to be considered, greater focus is needed on the relationships between climate change, loss and damage, ecosystem services and human well-being. Ultimately efforts to protect ecosystem services may help build resilience in human livelihoods and minimize loss and damage.</p><p>The paper concludes that loss and damage in ecosystems services is an improved starting point for better understanding the feedbacks between changes in ecosystems and human wellbeing and on possibilities for adaptation. Social, technological and economic factors have the potential to buffer the impact of declining ecosystem services on human well-being. For example, increased use of bed nets could help overcome the impact of decreased natural regulation of malaria vectors due to changes in temperature or rainfall. It could be possible to create highland reservoirs to stabilize the cycle of seasonal runoff in Peru (Bradley et al., 2006). Behavioural adaptation could also take place.</p><p>The paper argues that fair and adequate policies should also be implemented to protect water rights, as there is likely to be an increasing reliance on mechanisms to capture and save water. Ultimately, minimizing loss to ecosystem services may provide a cost effective way to minimize loss and damage to human systems. Support for maintenance of ecosystem services should become a central focus of the Warsaw International Mechanism. This would help to reduce risks, build resilience and support human development.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:51:56 GMT

This Must Be the Place: Underrepresentation of Identity and Meaning in Climate Change Decision Making

<p>This paper draws on data from Pacific islands and the Arctic. It explains the implications of failing to account for social resilience. First, planning for adaptation is less likely to be effective if the values people hold are ignored. Communities in Alaska are contemplating wholesale relocation, but only some places and means of moving are acceptable. Second, people have fundamental rights in all legal systems to life and livelihood, and many of these protections are around property and place. The cultural impacts of climate change are going to be as important as the economic ones.</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:40:23 GMT

Helpdesk Report: General l inks to papers or sites on climate change and health

<p>This report gives an overview of climate change and health and provides information on relevant, documents, publications and websites.</p><ul><li>WHO overview</li><li>Research documents on Eldis</li><li>Relevant publications</li><li>Relevant websites</li></ul><p>Key facts</p><ul><li>Climate change affects the fundamental requirements for health &ndash; clean air, safe drinking water, sufficient food and secure shelter</li><li>The global warming that has occurred since the 1970s was causing over 140 000 excess deaths annually by the year 2004</li><li>Many of the major killers such as diarrhoeal diseases, malnutrition, malaria and dengue are highly climate-sensitive and are expected to worsen as the climate changes</li><li>Areas with weak health infrastructure &ndash; mostly in developing countries &ndash; will be the least able to cope without assistance to prepare and respond</li><li>Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases through better transport, food and energy-use choices can result in improved health</li></ul>

24 Mar 2015 10:37:51 GMT

Monetary incentives to avoid deforestation under the Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD)+ climate change mitigation scheme in Tanzania

<p>The paper estimates and compares the level of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) payments required to compensate for the opportunity costs (OCs) of stopping the conversion of montane forest and miombo woodlands into cropland in two agro-ecological zones in Morogoro Region in Tanzania. Data collected from 250 households were used for OC estimation. REDD+ payment was estimated as the net present value (NPV) of agricultural rent and forest rent during land clearing, minus net returns from sustainable wood harvest, divided by the corresponding reduction in carbon stock. The median compensation required to protect the current carbon stock in the two vegetation types ranged from USD 1&nbsp;tCO2e&minus;1 for the montane forest to USD 39&nbsp;tCO2e&minus;1 for the degraded miombo woodlands, of which up to 70&nbsp;% and 16&nbsp;%, respectively, were for compensating OCs from forest rent during land clearing. The figures were significantly higher when the cost of farmers&rsquo; own labor was not taken into account in NPV calculations. The results also highlighted that incentives in the form of sustainable harvests could offset up to 55&nbsp;% of the total median OC to protect the montane forest and up to 45&nbsp;% to protect the miombo woodlands, depending on the wage rates. The findings suggest that given the possible factors that can potentially affect estimates of REDD+ payments, avoiding deforestation of the montane forest would be feasible under the REDD+ scheme. However, implementation of the policy in villages around the miombo area would require very high compensation levels.</p>

23 Mar 2015 17:48:14 GMT

Helpdesk Report: Educational systems and climate change

<p>This helpdesk query was asked to conduct a literature review focusing on:</p><ul><li>impact of climate/environmental change on education systems in developing countries</li><li>the correlation between scientific literacy and attitudes to the environment</li><li>evidence on climate/environment programmes in developing countries</li></ul><p>UNICEF include chronic environmental degradation and climate-related hazards among the many challenges that can prevent children from finishing school. Children are powerful agents of change, and studies have found that many children can be extraordinarily resilient in the face of significant challenges. Providing children with empowering and relevant education on disasters and climate change in a child-friendly school environment can reduce their vulnerability to risk while contributing to sustainable development for their communities.</p><p>Findings on the correlation between scientific literacy and attitudes to the environment include:</p><ul><li>environmental projects in schools in Finland have been found to enhance students&rsquo; interest in environmental issues</li><li>research has found that environmental knowledge has a significant indirect relationship with environmental attitudes and responsibility in an Environmental Literacy Components Model</li><li>research in the US suggests improving the clarity of scientific information may not increase concern for climate change as the debate features cultural meaning. Communicators should create a deliberative climate in which accepting the best available science does not threaten any group&rsquo;s values</li><li>participants in a US citizen science programme for conservation literacy and scientific knowledge had increased awareness of a specific issue but little change in behaviour</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

23 Mar 2015 11:50:13 GMT

A cost effective and powerful climate policy: pioneers pave the way

<p>The climate problem requires changes in every country and across almost all sectors. For us to have a realistic chance at limiting global warming to 2&deg;C, emissions must be cut by around 60% between 2014 and 2050, and towards the end of this century, greenhouse gas emissions need to be close to zero. At the same time, the global population is expected to grow by more than 40% towards the year 2100, and world production of goods and services may increase eightfold (given annual economic growth of 2.5%). Today&rsquo;s economy is built on the use of fossil energy, which is also the biggest source of global warming. Future growth and prosperity need to be built on different energy solutions altogether.</p><p>In the European Commission&rsquo;s Energy Roadmap 2050, the power sector has almost zero emissions in 2050. In order to reach such goals, pervasive restructuring of energy production and consumption is required. There is also a need for changes within transport, in parts of agriculture and manufacturing, and in how we plan and build the society of tomorrow. To efficiently promote changes such as these, we need new and better technologies, new ways of organising institutions and sectors, and not least, new ways of thinking.</p>

17 Mar 2015 14:32:13 GMT

Addressing land degradation: benefits, costs, and policy directions

<p>Land degradation in the Philippines is a serious environmental problem with long-term implications for the sustainability of agricultural production. Protection of the resource base has thus become a policy priority, whether in terms of improving crop management in the lowlands or more urgently, arresting soil erosion in the uplands. This review aims to compile and evaluate estimates of the costs of land degradation; then analyze the costs, benefits, and equity implications of priority measures to protect soil resources; and lastly, draw implications for policy.</p><p>The author finds that the most important cause of land degradation in the Philippines is soil erosion. Despite wide variations in the figures, and considerable uncertainty about the degradation parameters, even the most conservative methods lead to large estimates of the cost of soil erosion, comparable at least to the annual investment in research and development of the public sector. Direct interventions such as promotion of soil-conserving farm technologies are worthwhile investments based on social benefit-cost analysis. Owing to liquidity and other constraints, however, farmers may forego these investments. Indirect interventions such as tenure reform have an ambiguous effect on soil erosion; however, removal of domestic protection of corn has a positive effect on soil conservation. Upland farmers, including the large population of subsistence corn growers, are among the poorest segments of the rural population. The review supports increasing and widening incentives for adoption of soil conservation and permanent tree crops through extension and improved tenurial measures, while ensuring that trade adjustment be accompanied by adequate social protection.</p>

17 Mar 2015 11:52:44 GMT

Communicating and Using Seasonal Climate Forecasts: a Challenge Crossing National, Organizational, and Disciplinary Boundaries

<p>The papers in this special issue come from the project &quot;Bridging the gap between seasonal climate forecasts (SCFs) and agricultural decisionmakers in the Philippines and Australia&quot; funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). In addition to national and organizational boundaries, the project also crossed disciplinary boundaries. The papers focus on the smaller but growing field on the interface between climate forecasts and decisionmaking. The challenge of bridging the gap between SCF and decisionmaking is simply one of better communication. There is no doubt that communicating and using SCFs in real world decisionmaking is not easy. However, given the challenges of producing more food in a variable and changing climate, risk management has never been more important. The papers in this issue detail the basis of SCF in the Philippines and a range of processes whereby this information can be used to work with decisionmakers to improve their risk management.</p>

16 Mar 2015 18:53:43 GMT

El Niño Southern Oscillation in the Philippines: Impacts, Forecasts, and Risk Management

<p>The climate of the Philippines is highly influenced by the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). El Nino is associated with an increased chance of drier conditions and La Nina is associated with an increased chance of wetter conditions. Changes in rainfall are associated with changes to tropical cyclone activity in the western equatorial Pacific, the strength of the monsoon, and changes in the onset and/or termination of monsoon rains. ENSO is a naturally occurring phenomenon and has both negative and positive impacts on the various sectors of the society and environment, but experience would show that there are more adverse impacts than beneficial ones. These adverse impacts may be mitigated through using seasonal climate forecasts. This paper looks at the effects of ENSO on droughts, flood, and tropical cyclones in the Philippines before discussing the challenge of using knowledge about the effects of ENSO for decisionmaking and risk management.</p>

16 Mar 2015 18:45:43 GMT

Assessing the Value of Seasonal Climate Forecasts on Farm-level Corn Production through Simulation Modeling

<p>Rainfall variability greatly influences corn production. Thus, a skillful forecast is potentially of value to the farmers because it could help them make a number of crop management decisions including crop choice, variety selection, timing of planting, and input usage. The study aims to develop an approach in estimating the economic value of seasonal climate forecast (SCF) to corn farmers under climate uncertainty. It focuses specifically on corn farmers in Isabela using the historical climate data of Tuguegarao from 1951 to 2006. The CERES-Maize model of the Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) was used to simulate corn production and management practices of farmers to estimate the potential corn yields for wet and dry seasons under different El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions. The RAINMAN International software was used to generate SCF for El Nino, La Nina, and Neutral conditions. A decision tree analysis was applied in estimating the value of SCF information for corn farmers.</p>

16 Mar 2015 18:37:18 GMT

Truth-telling by Third-Party Audits and the Response of Polluting firms: Experimental Evidence from India

<p>In many regulated markets, firms choose and pay private, third-party auditors, potentially creating a conflict of interest. This paper reports on a two-year field experiment in the Indian state of Gujarat that sought to curb such a conflict by reforming the system of environmental audits for industrial plants.</p><p>In the control group, plants remained in the status quo system, wherein they directly chose and paid their third-party auditors. In the treatment group, the researchers assigned auditors to plants randomly and paid them a fixed fee from a central pool. Independent agencies subjected their reports to random backchecks. In the second year, the auditors working in the treatment group additionally received a bonus for accurate reporting.</p><p>There are three main results:</p><ul><li>the status quo system was largely corrupt, with auditors systematically reporting plant emissions just below the standard, although the true emissions were typically higher</li><li>the treatment caused auditors to report more truthfully and reduced the fraction of plants that they falsely reported as being compliant with pollution standards</li><li>the treatment plants, in turn, reduced their pollution emissions</li></ul><p>The results suggest that reformed incentives for third-party auditors can improve the quality of their reports and make regulation more effective.</p>

16 Mar 2015 16:31:42 GMT

Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of Mexico's payments for ecosystem services program

<p>This document summarizes current findings from an evaluation of Mexico&rsquo;s National Payments for Hydrological Services from 2003-2010.&nbsp; Th evaluation seeks to understand the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the program, with the goal of extracting lessons learned and identifying room for possible future improvement.</p><p>Findings: an analysis of program selection criteria and the characteristics of lands enrolled suggests the program has met the dual goals of targeting funds to areas of ecological and social priority. Specifically:</p><ul><li>on average, land enrolled over all years between 2004 and 2010 had similar risk of deforestation, higher hydrological priority and similar degree of marginality to all forested lands in the country. That is to say, land which was enrolled was broadly representative of available land</li><li>looking at the evolution of the program over time, targeting to high deforestation risk and more marginalized areas has improved substantially between 2004 and 2010 due to changes in the program rules and the eligible zones resulting in the selection of higher risk and more poor recipients from within the applicant pool.</li></ul><p>One potential means of improving the ecological impact of the program would be to select properties with even higher risk of deforestation, as the average risk of deforestation among enrolled properties remains somewhat below the national average across all forested lands.</p><p>Two possible ways to do this would be to target further on the basis of multiple characteristics which determine avoided deforestation (in addition to INE&rsquo;s risk numbers) or to raise the payment amounts.</p>

16 Mar 2015 16:06:19 GMT

Protocol: effects of payment for environmental services and decentralized forest management on deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

<p>Natural forest preservation in the tropics, and thus in developing countries, must be an element of any effective effort to manage climate change. Forests serve as natural carbon sinks, which help to mitigate the effect of other carbon emissions. However, forest cover is being reduced and it is estimated that deforestation is responsible for 10-17 per cent of global carbon emissions. Since 2007, governments have coordinated conservation efforts under the Reducing Emissions through Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) initiative, which has led to the implementation of various programs designed to reduce the amount of forested land converted to other purposes. Decentralized forest management (DFM) is one approach to forest management which has been widely implemented to reduce deforestation in developing countries. DFM programs relocate decision-making authority on forest use in the direction of forest communities, rather than central government actors.<br /><br />While the primary goal of reducing deforestation is clear, the policy and academic literature debates the extent to which DFM programs in developing countries should incorporate goals of poverty reduction. Some argue that the targeting of poverty goals will undermine conservation effectiveness (e.g. because behavioral change among poorer households does not have as much potential to promote conservation as that of wealthier households or commercial entities). Others argue that targeting benefits toward the poor would contribute to conservation effectiveness by either promoting sustainable livelihoods or helping to legitimize conservation programming.</p><p>This systematic review studies the impact low- and middle-income countries of payment for environmental services (PES) and decentralized forest management (DFM) programs on deforestation and poverty in forest communities in low- and middle-income countries. Such programs find wide application around the world as part of government strategies to manage forest loss and climate change.</p>

16 Mar 2015 10:39:47 GMT

Effects of decentralized forest management (DFM) on deforestation and poverty in low and middle income countries: a systematic review

<p>Natural forest preservation in the tropics, and thus in developing countries, must be an element of any effective effort to manage climate change. Forests serve as natural carbon sinks, which help to mitigate the effect of other carbon emissions. However, forest cover is being reduced and it is estimated that deforestation is responsible for 10-17 per cent of global carbon emissions.</p><p>The first objective of this review is to assess the evidence on the effects of decentralized forest management (DFM) programs on the conservation and poverty outcomes in LMICs. A second objective is to assess the extent to which these programs&rsquo; effects on poverty in turn affect whether conservation benefits are realized. The third objective is to evaluate how institutional and social conditions (namely, inequality, institutional capacity, corruption, and democratic accountability) moderate the effects of DFM programs.</p><p>Given the evidence available, the review finds little reason for optimism about the potential for current DFM approaches to achieve both conservation and poverty reduction benefits jointly. We call for the production of much better impact studies, employing randomized field experiments when possible, to assess whether the apparent incompatibility of conservation and poverty reduction might be overcome through programming innovations.</p>

16 Mar 2015 10:31:37 GMT

Social protection, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction

This rapid literature review presents and synthesises the conceptual underpinnings and evidence on the relationship between social protection, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction. <br /><br />Social protection instruments have been shown to be effective mechanisms for coping with shocks. The recent growth of social protection systems has shown that having systems in place before a shock hits can produce an effective response. Social protection is thus well-aligned with the goals of addressing the impacts of climate change. However, it may also be possible for social protection to contribute to longer-term adaptation. <br /><br />Evidence on whether social protection interventions have built resilience and adaptive capacity is lacking. These concepts, while reasonably well conceptualised, suffer from difficulties in measuring and demonstrating impact. The best evidence comes from weather-indexed insurance programmes and public works programmes. The evidence on impacts is mainly drawn from case studies. <br /><br />All three disciplines of CCA, DRR and social protection attempt to address vulnerability. The adaptive social protection framework argues that interventions must be integrated in order to successfully mitigate vulnerability to climate shock. CCA and DRR cannot address root causes of poverty and vulnerability, while social protection cannot change climate-dependent livelihoods. <br /><br />Key findings: <br /><ul> <li>Although resilience is emerging as a new paradigm for development, it is unclear what it means, and whether and how it can be measured. There is no agreement on how to measure resilience, which means there is a scarcity of evidence on the impact of programmes which aim to &lsquo;strengthen resilience&rsquo;. There is hardly any evidence on how and why social protection programmes contribute to resilience against climate shocks. <br /></li> <li>The link between cash transfers and climate change adaptation has not been made clear and is not well-evidenced. DFID&rsquo;s literature review on cash transfers suggests there is little evidence that CTs can reduce and mitigate the impact of environmental shocks. CTs&rsquo; impact on climate change effects is poorly understood, and there is a strong need for further empirical analysis of this specific pathway. <br /></li> <li>There is a considerable literature on indexed insurance schemes, and a clear assumption that these can play a strong role in supporting climate-resistant livelihoods. They are increasingly advocated for by governments and development agencies as a means to address market shocks. Insurance appears to reduce risk for farmers, improve livelihoods and resilience, and schemes are financially viable for governments. The evidence base on indexed insurance is drawn mainly from case studies, without clearly generalisable conclusions. As yet, none of the existing index-based schemes have experienced a wide-ranging catastrophic event, and most schemes are in a pilot stage. <br /></li> <li>There are case study examples of Public Works Programmes in India and Ethiopia showing strong promise for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The literature reflects an understanding that PWP community projects have good potential to reduce environmental vulnerability. However, there is no body of evidence on this. <br /></li> <li>There is strong evidence that social protection can help build and improve livelihoods. This indirectly contributes to CCA and DRR through reducing vulnerability and increasing livelihoods resilience. However, the chain of causality from social protection, through livelihoods, to DRR and CCA is difficult to establish. There is a gap in the evidence about how livelihoods theory links to social protection and climate change theory. Literature on sustainable livelihoods clearly complements this line of analysis, but was not reviewed in depth for this report.</li></ul>

12 Mar 2015 16:35:48 GMT

Illegal timber trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A Pilot

<p>This report is a desk appraisal of the following programme proposal: &ldquo;Illegal Timber Trade and REDD+ Interface in Eastern Africa: A pilot&rdquo; (hereafter &lsquo;ITT-REDD&rsquo;). The programme&rsquo;s objective is to enhance national and regional capacity to combat the illegal timber and charcoal trade in East Africa.<br />The programme expects to be implemented in cooperation with the partner countries of Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania.</p>

12 Mar 2015 12:49:49 GMT

Addressing Gender in Climate-Smart Smallholder Agriculture

<p>This four-page policy brief focuses on the constraints that women face to more equitable participation in smallholder carbon and climate-smart initiatives. It highlights the important role that a flexible learning approach plays in advancing equity goals, and offers recommendations for concrete actions that can empower both women and men.</p><p>Key policy recommendations include:</p><ul><li>Understanding gender and social differences as nuanced and dynamic within different contexts is essential. From this it is vital to understand how these differences affect perceptions of risk, weather and climate information needs and communication strategies.</li><li>Working with both men and women is essential to the process and needs to involve issues that go far beyond agricultural issues to address the agency, structure and relations that govern gender relationships.</li><li>This involves supporting continued dialogue at community and household levels &ndash; about the roles of women in supporting agricultural innovation, while working to reduce the structural deficits (access to resources) and encouraging more male support.</li></ul><p>Adapted from source</p>

11 Mar 2015 16:12:37 GMT

A randomized evaluation of the effects of an agricultural insurance program on rural households’ behavior: evidence from China

<p>The provision of weather insurance is a potential way of shielding farmers from weather related shocks and reducing poverty. However, the use of weather insurance is not widespread in many countries. In China, even with a government subsidy of 70 per cent, the take-up of weather insurance is quite low.</p><p>This evaluation looked at the impact of financial education, social learning and contract design on the take-up of a new weather insurance product in China. The study found that financial education about insurance increases take-up from 35 per cent to 50 per cent. There were large spillover effects of financial education: farmers who had more friends exposed to financial training performed significantly better on an insurance knowledge test. The study also found that offering a menu of insurance contracts rather than a single contract increased take-up dramatically.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

09 Mar 2015 16:40:08 GMT

Climate change: effective ways of cutting greenhouse gas emissions

<p>There are few rigorous impact evaluations of climate change interventions. But some examples in the field of conservation stand out. A number of recent studies evaluate the impact of protected areas, payment for environmental services and decentralized forest management. Climate change interventions have much to learn from experiences in such fields. Despite the limited experience so far in the area, there are many opportunities to conduct impact evaluation of climate change.</p><p>Thia briefing argues that impact evaluations need to be integrated into mitigation interventions from the outset. Each policy instrument should be evaluated in detail across different sectors to build up an evidence base for comparison with other policy instruments and national contexts need to be accounted for. In addition, there is a need to calculate the cost-effectiveness of the reduction of emissions resulting from different interventions. This requires identifying a value to all the costs and benefits resulting from the interventions. If the impact of the project on carbon emissions is known, it is quite straightforward to calculate the cost per ton of avoided emission. Interventions can have both positive and negative development impacts, and this should be taken into account in the cost-benefit analysis of climate change interventions.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

09 Mar 2015 15:48:29 GMT

Climate resilience urban development: vulnerability profiles of 20 Indian cities

<p>India is the second most populous country in the world. Its population has increased by more than 181 million during the 2001-2011 decade. Correspondingly, the urban population has increased from 286.1 million in 2001 to 377.2 million in 2011 an is expected to rise to 534 million by 2026. This population increase has led to enormous pressure on urban infrastructure, hinders their ability to adapt to climate change and affects the cities&rsquo; resilience to climate change.</p><p>This study examines the increasing rise in urban population in India and how this affect climate change. It attempts to develop a rapid assessment of vulnerability of cities by highlighting various risk exposures and vulnerability factors. The paper looks at 20 (in 14 states) out of the over 400 cities India.</p><p>The analysis shows that very high cyclonic wind velocities causing severe damage to tall flexible and sheeted residential and industrial structure may perhaps affect seven coastal cities. Also none of the 20 cities analysed had 100 per cent coverage of basic infrastructure like water supply, solid waste management and storm water drainage. The only resilient cities are those that have sustainable infrastructure, efficient governance and informed and capable citizens.</p><p>The paper therefore concludes by stating that the challenge of climate change can only be met if cities are healthy and sustainable under normal circumstances and makes the following recommendations:</p><ul><li>Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR);</li><li>Rejuvenation of water bodies;</li><li>Climate conscious development and spatial planning;</li><li>Sustainable urban development indicators; and</li><li>Resource allocation</li></ul>

06 Mar 2015 21:16:05 GMT

Risk-efficient Planting Schedules for Corn in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines

<p>The study was conducted to identify risk-efficient cropping schedules for corn farmers in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines using stochastic dominance analysis of simulated yields, given the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forecasts during the cropping period. Actual weather data, with missing observations estimated using a weather generating software, were used in constructing weather data sets. These data, together with crop parameters and soil characteristics in the study site, were used as inputs to generate probability distributions of yields during different planting schedules. The simulated yield distributions were classified according to the ENSO phases prevailing during the cropping period. Stochastic dominance analysis was applied on the yield distributions to determine the first-degree stochastic dominance (FSD) set and the second-degree stochastic dominance (SSD) set. Finally, stochastic dominance with respect to a function (SDWRF) was applied on the SSD set to identify risk-efficient schedules at different levels of risk aversion. Risk-efficient schedules were identified for each cropping season and under each ENSO phase. It was found out that some June-July schedules (during the first season) and some December schedules (during the second season) are more risk-efficient than traditional schedules.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:55:39 GMT

Corn Farmers’ Decisionmaking Based on Seasonal Climate Forecasts

<p>Although our ability to predict climate conditions has improved significantly, farmers` use of climate information and forecasts in farming decisions and practices has changed a little. Part of the reasons is the lack of communication of innovations like the seasonal climate forecasts (SCFs). Today, efforts are being initiated to motivate farmers to integrate SCF into their farm decisionmaking. This study was conducted to serve as basis in designing a communication campaign on SCF. Data were gathered in Malaybalay, Bukidnon through focus group discussions, decisionmaking workshops, and interviews with farmers cultivating at least a hectare of corn. In the decisionmaking workshop, farmers were asked to assume hypothetical situations, given a climate forecast for the current years` cropping season, and requested to decide their farming activities based on the climate forecasts. Results showed the popularity of SCF among the farmers. However, farmers depended more on their indigenous climate forecasting than on the SCF. Farmers considered climate forecasts as nonprobabilistic and said that they find it difficult to understand these forecasts. For better understanding, they suggested that climate forecasts use simple words and be downscaled to their locality. Utilizing description-based decisions, their decisions were aimed at maximizing profits and minimizing cost.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:51:56 GMT

Policy Options for Rice and Corn Farmers in the Face of Seasonal Climate Variability

<p>In the face of seasonal climate variability, the smallholder farmers, particularly those in rural communities, are among the most adversely affected. As a way to address this, together with concern on low productivity, the Philippine government has been implementing a range of risk management programs for farmers and other agricultural stakeholders. Based on key informant surveys and focus group discussions conducted in key producing areas in the country, rice and corn farmers reported that they still have limited options in terms of changing their production decisions in response to seasonal climate forecasts. Among the risk mitigation tools available, the following emerged as most preferred by farmers: localized climate information; accessible credit; crop insurance; and special assistance programs such as irrigation and seeds provision. This paper tackles these programs in detail and discusses the challenges besetting these programs. The paper also presents some policy options which could enhance the delivery of these agricultural services in pursuit of improved productivity and welfare in target farming communities in the country.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:42:04 GMT

First national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Initial Communication was prepared in fulfillment of Grenada&rsquo;s commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The preparatory process involved a series of consultation meetings and peer reviews by a wide range of stakeholders, aimed at validating the results of the technical analyses and providing inputs into the recommended strategies and actions.</p><p>The country&rsquo;s commitment is evidenced by the Action Plan which was developed to address the key issues identified in the process of preparing this Initial Communication.</p><p>The Action Plan was aimed at initiating processes to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and at formulating a national response to the adverse impacts of climate change on the country.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

05 Mar 2015 15:26:13 GMT

Commonwealth of Dominica Second National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication (SNC) on Climate Change is in compliance with Dominica&rsquo;s obligation to the UNFCCC. Chapter 1 sets the National Circumstances, and in particular the aspects of development policies related to the major components of climate change process. Chapter 2 is devoted to Greenhouse Gases Emissions and Inventories, carried out for the period 2000 &ndash; 2005, in accordance with the methodology recommended by the Convention Secretariat and the IPCC. Chapter 3 deals with Vulnerability to climate change and its variability. The capacity for mitigating the effects of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions is presented in Chapter 4. It is followed by chapter 5 in which all other information related to achievement of the Convention objectives is presented.</p>

05 Mar 2015 11:33:18 GMT

The energy poverty and gender nexus in Himachal Pradesh, India: the impact of clean fuel access policy on women’s empowerment

<p>In India, one hundred and sixty million people, especially women and children, spend long hours gathering biofuels and suffer the health consequences of carrying heavy loads and from the pollution from burning biofuels. If they did not have to gather fuel, these hours could be used towards their self-development or for economically productive activities and hence alleviate poverty. The intersection of energy, poverty alleviation and gender is a key issue that needs to be addressed.</p><p>This study attempts to explore and establish the linkages among gender, empowerment, energy, environment and health issues in Himachal Pradesh (HP). HP was selected for the study as it is seen as one of the four most progressive states in India and where government has a policy to allocate an additional quota of clean fuels (LPG, kerosene) to hilly areas in order to prevent deforestation (20 litres per household as against 5 litres elsewhere in India).</p><p>Findings of the study shows that:</p><ul> <li>Women in HP are relatively strongly empowered and exercise this power in decision-making at all level</li></ul><ul> <li>Although the state has progressed in terms of education, asset ownership etc., the use of new energy technology remains on the periphery and the brunt of this lack of progress is faced primarily by women</li></ul><ul> <li>Women, especially those in the 30-60 age group, and older men in HP are at the greatest risk of having respiratory diseases</li> <li>women in HP suffer drudgery due to using biofuels and are willing to shift to clean fuels; and</li> <li>income from kerosene sales constituted only 2% of their total incomes and most viewed this business as only as sideline Low demand and low profits deter people from opening a shop to sell the kerosene quotas in the state</li></ul>The study also shows that empowerment level and access to energy are correlated in HP. Both the empowerment level and access to energy in HP are above the all&ndash;India averages. Even within HP, the two districts investigated in more detail, with different levels of access to fuels, have different levels of empowerment. The paper concludes that gender and energy are closely linked but have remained on the periphery of development policy. It states that greater political will as well as cooperation among government ministries, development agencies and community organisations is necessary to give women access to modern fuels and free them from daily drudgery.

05 Mar 2015 10:39:42 GMT

Energy and its sustainable development for India

<p>India, at 1.17 billion people is the second most populated country in the world and is home to 17% of the world population. Its primary energy consumption (in 2007) was 18.65EJ, 3.75% of the entire world. It amounts to 15.9BJ/person-year, China&rsquo;s of 56.2BJ/person-year and with India&rsquo;s strong GDP growth of about 9% and a relatively high population growth of 1.55% (compared with 0.65% for China, 0.97% for the US., 0.11% for the European Union and 1.17% for the world). It is obvious that significant growth is expected as the people of India increase in number and strive to improve their living standard.</p><p>This paper summarises the most recently available energy and emissions data, outlines the structure of the SI, fills some information gaps and offers brief comments for some sustainable paths for the future. The paper highlights the energy shortage in India due to low usage of nuclear power generation, Green House Gas emissions, fuel switching and new technologies, renewable energy and energy economics and efficiency as current energy related developments in India. It also states the structure of SI and comments on existing literature on energy usage in India. Key issues in this regard are:</p><ul> <li>fossil fuels, renewables and energy efficiency;</li> <li>household energy and biomass; and</li> <li>energy and CO2 emissions</li></ul><p>To address the energy crisis and ensure a sustainable path to energy development, the paper makes the following recommendations:</p><ul> <li>conservation or sustainable use of energy resources including less polluting transportation, efficient buildings and household energy usage and prevention of energy efficiency rebound;</li></ul><ul> <li>advanced and new renewable technologies should be adapted, developed and implemented in coal mining, transportation and power generation;</li></ul><ul> <li>adoption of efficient, extensive and smart electricity distribution grid;</li></ul><ul> <li>designing and implementing highly sustainable large energy projects; and</li></ul><ul> </ul> <ul> <li>inclusion of the people at all stages of the project.</li> </ul> <ul> </ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:24:58 GMT

India's GHG emissions profile: result of five climate-modelling studies

<p>Anthropogenic climate change poses perhaps the most complex policy issue faced yet by the global community, moreover, one that is fraught with existential consequences for humankind at one level, and with major implications for the future division of global economic labour at another.</p><p>Mitigation of GHG emissions will, beyond a fairly modest level, involve appreciable economic costs to a society. On the other hand, the adverse impacts of climate change would be felt in diverse sectors which are at the core of livelihood concerns, especially of the poor &ndash; agriculture, water resources, coastal resources, vector borne disease, &ldquo;natural&rdquo; calamities, etc. This Technical Report describes the energy-economic models developed with MoEF support, and the results of initial simulations with these models as well as the results of two other studies recently conducted in India.</p><p>The results of 4 of the 5 studies, which vary in terms of model structure/methodology, assumptions, and data, besides differences in the definitions of the Illustrative Scenario, (whose common feature is that no new GHG mitigation policies are put in place) show that India&rsquo;s per-capita CO2e emissions in 2030/31 would be between 2.77 and 3.9 tons per-capita, which is well below the 2005 global average of 4.22 tons per-capita. The fifth study projects the 2031 emissions at 5 tons per-capita, i.e. a little above the 2005 global average.</p><p>Further, both the energy intensity of the Indian economy, as well as the CO2e intensity of the Indian economy will fall continuously till 2030-31 in the Illustrative Scenarios, as revealed by all 5 studies. On the other hand, the structure of the economy, policy and regulatory regime, and energy endowments, together ensure that India&rsquo;s growth over the next two decades, while rapid, would remain inherently sustainable.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that fact that significant differences still arise between the results of the different studies show that it is not feasible to unambiguously define any &ldquo;baseline&rdquo; or &ldquo;business-as-usual&rdquo; GHGs trajectory for the country. However, even without any new policies for GHG abatement and given the structure of the Indian economy, its current and projected GHG growth rates, and its energy endowments, its GHG emissions will increase in a runaway manner over time.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:19:56 GMT

Gender analysis of renewable energy in India: present status, issues, approaches and new initiatives

<p>Approximately 2 billion people throughout the world do not have access to clean energy for cooking and about 1.7 billion people are without electricity for either cooking or heating. Grid- based electrical power fails to reach many rural and poor urban areas in developing countries, and there is also inadequate distribution of gas or other fuels for cooking and heating. The impact of such precarious situations is more pronounced on poor women than men because of the 1.2 billion people worldwide living on less than one dollar a day, 70 per cent are women.</p><p>In India, the 2001 census showed that nearly 700 million people do not have access to modern energy services. While nearly 300 million people do not have access to electricity, an even larger number (625 million) do not have access to modern cooking fuels Against this backdrop, this paper is a gender analysis carried out to promote an approach that would lead to national energy policies becoming more gender-responsive in terms of content and process.</p><p>The paper posits that the 11th five-year plan (2007-2012) invested more than $100 billion in the energy sector, including coal, oil, hydropower and other renewables and nuclear - but less than 2% of this went towards alleviating the drudgery suffered by women and children. Together, women and children collect close to 28% of all primary energy. However, no inputs in terms of investment, management or technology are provided to them- something that all other energy sectors take for granted.</p><p>In conclusion, the paper therefore recommends the following measures toward creating sound gender-responsive energy policies and, more importantly, their coordinated implementation:<br /></p><ul> <li> reorient monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to reflect gender concerns in energy programmes</li> <li>linking women&rsquo;s empowerment with energy development</li> <li>inter-ministerial coordination; and</li> <li>making cooking fuel available within 1 kilometre of rural inhabitants</li></ul><ul> </ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:14:21 GMT

The time is now: proceedings of the international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development 8-9 September 2010, New Delhi

<p>Climate change and urbanisation: The combined two processes represent some of the most fundamental challenges nations and indeed the world must face over the coming decades. For the first time in human history, more than 50% of the world now lives in urban areas. This huge population rely on institutional, physical and ecological systems for energy, transport and communication that extend far beyond local areas. These systems, which provide essential food, water, shelter and other needs on which lives depend, are exposed in one way or another to the direct and indirect effects of climate change. Whether the effect relates to direct impacts such as extreme temperatures, storms or floods in cities, or indirect ones, such as changes in global grain markets that lead to spikes in food prices that negatively affect the urban poor &ndash; the future challenges for urban administrations will be huge.</p><p>This is very true of India which is urbanising very rapidly. In view of this, a two-day international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development, bringing together a unique combination of stakeholder was held to generate a wide array of conceptually grounded and highly practical insights and guidance on how India can begin to address urban challenges in the context of climate change.</p><p>The workshop identified temperature, intense rainfall and the fact that India&rsquo;s increasing dependence on global markets to meet its food needs and the implications on global climate conditions for food production in distant regions as major factors that will also have greater and greater implications for the needs of urban populations.</p><p>While stressing that getting the process of urbanisation right is critical, the paper provides tangible guidance on courses of action for responding to three major challenges; climate change, urbanisation and poverty through their linkages. It states that many &ldquo;ten per cent&rdquo; solutions from major changes in policy and infrastructure design to local community action are required in order to transform development pathways toward resilience. Perhaps the biggest challenge is to start the initial steps of building knowledge, capacity and gain experience.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:04:17 GMT

Urban vulnerability and risk – a key factor for building climate resilient urban development in Indian cities

<p>India is witnessing rapid growth in the urban centers. Urbanization trend is expected to accelerate in coming decades as well. It is projected that the number of cities with a population of more than 1 million will reach to 75 by 2021 from 53 in 2011. Due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards.</p><p>This paper examines urban vulnerability and risk to climate change and how this can assist in ensuring climate resilient urban development. Other key messages of the paper are:</p><ul> <li>due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards. Indian cities are facing additional risk due to climate induced extreme events such as floods, droughts, heat and cold waves</li> <li>an increasing concentration of population coupled with extreme events, results in high damages to assets, interruptions in business continuity opportunity losses, loss of lives, displacement of populations, which is further enhanced by economic and social vulnerability</li> <li>an observation that similar climate events can produce very different levels of socio-economic impacts, depending not only on the location and timing of the occurrence, but also the resources and agility of the societies to respond to climate impacts</li></ul><p>This poses enormous challenge for decision makers at city level and other urban climate resilience practitioners to select a suitable methodology for assessment of hazard risks, vulnerability &amp; capacity assessment and risk analysis of cities to develop &ldquo;City Level Climate Action Plan&rdquo; in a given scenario. India has more than 400 cities in 2011 and climate informed development is needed because urbanization in India is accelerating and cities need to be sustainable and resilient. The paper concludes with the following recommendations:</p><ul> <li>Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)</li> <li>rejuvenation of water bodies</li> <li>climate conscious development and spatial planning</li> <li>prioritise a climate resilient agenda</li> <li>sustainable urban development indicators</li> <li>enhance institutional and policy coordination at the city level</li> <li>resource allocation</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 09:42:32 GMT

Vulnerability profiling of cities: a framework for climate-resilient urban development in India

<p>India&rsquo;s total population is growing, and is becoming increasingly urban. The urban population has increased from 17.97 percent in 1961 to 31.16 percent in 2011. Increasing urbanization has led to the expansion of populations into areas which are exposed to hazards related to climatic events, with a resulting increase in vulnerability of local populations.</p><p>This working paper presents a holistic approach for how a city can customise its rapid vulnerability assessment in order to understand what is required for building climate resilience. The paper uses Hazard Exposure, Infrastructure, Governance, Socio-economic Variables, HIGS to highlight the potential impact of climate change on urban services arising from the geographical setting of a city; the nature, size and density of its settlements; and the existing coping capacity of its society and governance system.</p><p>Vulnerability to climate change is aggravated by growing urban populations, high urban poverty and backlogs in the provision of basic infrastructure and services. Currently, a structured approach and the use of datasets to understand the distribution of vulnerability to climate change impacts across India are lacking. The framework proposed here provides a systematic approach to preparing vulnerability profiles in cities, by creating datasets, which enable an initial analysis of vulnerability. It considers the sensitivity and exposure of the cities as well as the need for integration of climate-resilience considerations in urban planning.</p><p>The framework is positioned as a rapid assessment methodology and consists of gathering relevant data in each category in order to identify key vulnerabilities and their linkages with natural causes, sustainable practices and the capacities of the concerned authorities.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that the framework has been tested on twenty Indian cities that have diverse physiographic and demographic characteristics and demonstrates its viability by two city case studies, each representing different physiographic characteristics, hazard exposures and population sizes.</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:35:24 GMT

Conceptual and operational problems for Loss and Damage

<p>This paper aims specifically at addressing concerns implicit to loss and damage (L&amp;D) policy as articulated by the most vulnerable countries. The paper aims to clarify the meaning of the policy paradigm of L&amp;D, to warn of possible misinterpretations, and to raise conceptual and practical concerns. It also highlights L&amp;D&rsquo;s potential importance.</p><p>It begins by tracing the development of the concept, its use in risk-transfer contexts, and its use and definition in the UNFCCC. The paper then lays out some of the general challenges of the L&amp;D approach, as applied by the insurance industry, disaster responders, and development institutions. Following this, the paper outlines important operational and conceptual challenges to applying the concept to the specific question of climate change impacts. The paper concludes with some general guidelines to policy makers for crafting L&amp;D into a workable policy.</p><p>The paper concludes that L&amp;D policy does not risk reintroducing a discarded paradigm, but rather it attempts to introduce the model that has served to safeguard highly industrialised economies and societies from environmental harm. It raises questions about what is not considered in this western paradigm for risk management if adopted more widely across the vulnerable developing world in the specific instance of climate change impacts.</p><p>The paper argues that L&amp;D suffers a core challenge of adaptation policy, which emphasises maintaining the same conditions in the face of climate change. Currently, adaptation policy and the external resources made available are channeled through human institutions with specific political economies that have differential benefit for asset- and land-holding tiers of society (Adger et al. 2005). However, for the lower rungs of the social strata that slip into landlessness and impoverishment, adaptation is autonomous, undertaken with a diminishing set of resources, with external inputs for adaptation beyond reach (Agrawal 2010).</p><p>The authors conclude that more transformative approaches ought to be considered, which prioritise the most impoverished, marginalised and disenfranchised peoples &ndash;those most vulnerable to climate change (as well as global social, economic and environmental change in general).</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:30:18 GMT

Perspectives on Non-Economic Loss and Damage: Understanding values at risk from climate change

<p>This paper highlights that non-economic losses pose challenges for measurement and therefore may go unnoticed or unaddressed by policy. It argues that discussions about loss and damage are really a discussion about value. It identifies three kinds of value: use value (measured relatively well by economic means), indirect use value (which sustains societal functions but which are not necessarily valued in economic terms), and symbolic value (which help forge identity and cooperative problem solving, but which similarly is not measured in monetary terms). Non-economic losses are those material goods and immaterial services which are lost through both direct and indirect climate change pathways.</p><p>The paper argues that representing non-economic loss and damage is critically important, but hard to do for several reasons: Markets do not value public goods essential for the function of human-natural systems (e.g. like ecosystem services). Markets tend to ignore symbolic values needed to forge identity and cooperative problem solving, and markets fail to value knowledge systems needed for creating value. Thus, formal accounts of loss and damage (or economic loss and damage) tend to undervalue the real costs of climate change.</p><p>As an alternative, this paper suggests that the focus of loss and damage should be on the role goods and services play in making societies resilient to stressors like climate change. In order to account for value in societies with different ways of thinking, modes and relations of production require different ways of understanding value.&nbsp;<br />When values are understood in ways that can capture these resilience-building roles, policy and practice will better be able to address loss and damage. Experience has shown that efforts to replace losses &quot;only&quot; via monetary compensation has not worked well. Instead, policy and practice on loss and damage must capture the opportunity for a more fundamental transformation. Any framework for loss and damage must aim not merely at compensating previous living conditions, but at improving them. The paper concludes with at least four areas for consideration by policy and practice: ensuring a broader view that values functions that are the source of resilience and problem solving (cultural practices, identity, traditional systems of knowledge); encouraging social participation as a principle in adaptation and addressing loss and damage; nurturing social capital to respond to non-economic loss and damage; and, finally, capturing the opportunity for transformation in the way loss and damage is assessed and addressed.</p><p>[taken from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:18:37 GMT

Antigua and Barbuda’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Report constitutes the Initial National Communications in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) in decision 10/CP2, and as required under Articles 4 and 12 of the UNFCCC.</p><p>The report constitutes one output of the programme of Enabling Activities implemented by the Government of Antigua and Barbuda through the Office of the Prime Minister. This forms a part of project ANT/97/GC2/99 financed by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and implemented in conjunction with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).</p><p>In addition to its role in fulfilling Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s obligations under the UNFCCC the National Communications document is also intended as an information source to national stakeholders and other persons at regional and international levels interested in information pertaining to Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s fulfillment of its obligations under the UNFCCC.</p>

04 Mar 2015 14:07:37 GMT

First National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>In accordance with the Convention, Belize chose the year 1994 for its first National Inventory of Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases. The results of the Inventory reveal that Belize is a net sink for greenhouse gases. Yet, it is obvious that Belize is extremely vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change.</p><p>A recurrent theme which arose during the preparation of this First National Communication was the need to sensitise the general public and decision makers, especially the political directorate, on the potential impact of climate change on the country and on the opportunities being offered by the mechanisms of the Convention to address climate change.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:57:03 GMT

Second National Communication of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago focuses on the compilation and analysis of the National Inventory of greenhouse gases (GHGs), vulnerability and adaptation studies, mitigation options as well as on recommendations with respect to proper data collection and sharing, technology needs, capacity building, research and development constraints and challenges.</p><p>The Initial National Communication of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was prepared and published in 2001. Under Article 4 of the UNFCCC, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is required to publish, update periodically and make available to the Conference of Parties (COP) its National Inventory of GHGs and its national programmes to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Taking into account climate change scenarios, it is also expected that relevant future socioeconomic and environmental policies and actions would be developed and implemented.</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:52:35 GMT

Trinidad & Tobago Initial National Communication

<p>This initial national communication of Trinidad and Tobago to the UNFCCC secretariat includes: national circumstances, national greenhouse gas inventory, statements on vulnerability and adaptation strategies, technology needs, and capacity building and research.</p><p>The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a two-island state located at the southern-eastern end of the Caribbean archipelago (Figure 1.1). Trinidad and Tobago, classified as a non-Annex I country, signed the UNFCCC on the 11th June, 1992 and ratified the Convention on 24th June, 1994.</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:40:04 GMT

Antigua and Barbuda's Second National Communications on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication reflects the state of the climate change situation impacting Antigua and Barbuda at the time of its publication and its projected impact in the future.&nbsp;&nbsp;It also details the impact climate change will have on climate dependent and climate sensitive economic sectors. This report also details the implementation of Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s obligations under the UNFCC, including development of relevant climate change data base, implementation of monitoring programmes, research programmes and economic instruments and policies as well as development of an inventory of GHG. This Second National communication was based on not only national programmes but also on international and regional research work.</p><p>Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s survival depends on its natural resources and climatic condition. Without appropriate adaptation, climate change could have an extremely harmful impact on the sustainability of the development process with the coastal zone being most vulnerable.</p>

04 Mar 2015 09:29:10 GMT

An 'India exception' and India-US partnership on climate change

<p>Climate change has become the major global challenge of this young century. For years, the search for solutions has run up against a sharp North-South divide over the historical emissions of developed countries and the parameters of what is termed, in the climate world, &ldquo;common but differentiated responsibility&rdquo; for developing nations. A common appreciation of climate and economic equity between disparate countries and regions remains both critical and challenging for the global climate negotiations process if it is to culminate in a major deal in Paris in 2015, and for implementation beyond that date. This paper believe that the only way to remove this roadblock is to forge an &ldquo;India exception&rdquo; in global climate talks; doing so is the only realistic pathway to a global climate deal, and could be a key tool in cementing stronger ties between India and the US, two critical actors in the evolving international order.</p><p>The paper concludes that if the United States partners with India in navigating towards more efficient industrialisation and supports an &ldquo;India exception&rdquo; in global climate talks (not using climate negotiations to pull up the carbon ladder behind it but using bilateral ties and the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change to offer to help build a clean energy ladder for India) it could be the kind of investment that cements ties between these two countries. From the perspective of a stable international order, it would be a big deal; from the perspective of global climate talks, it is the only realistic pathway forward.</p>

03 Mar 2015 23:03:17 GMT

Second National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>Although Belize is a minute contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, it will be among those countries which will be severely impacted by Climate Change. These impacts pose major impediments to Belize&rsquo;s efforts to promote sustainable economic and social development and the reduction of poverty.</p><p>The result of the greenhouse gas inventory indicates sectors in which the emissions can be voluntarily reduced. The vulnerability assessments served to advise how and where it is needed to adapt to Climate Change. Mitigation measures have already undertaken within the energy sector with the transition from fossil fuels to the use of renewable energy for electrical power generation. For the first time, a technology needs assessment exercise was conducted which served to identify technologies required to effectively manage Climate Change. The preparation of the Second National Communication therefore provided opportunities to mainstream results into plans and strategies for sustainable development.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 16:41:19 GMT

Assessment of the socioeconomic and environmental impact of hurricane Ivan on Jamaica | Publication | Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

<p>The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) made this assessment at the request of the Government of Jamaica in close cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and with the assistance of the Planning Institute of Jamaica. Several agencies of the United Nations contributed information for this assessment, namely FAO and PAHO. This report was provided to the Ministry of Finance of Jamaica for its reconstruction planning strategy and to contribute to identifying the financial needs and implication for the country.</p><p>The Jamaica situation after hurricane Ivan points to an event that while being geographically limited in scope affected in different ways to whole of the country. The event&rsquo;s direct damage and indirect losses amount to 8% of the country&rsquo;s current GDP in 2003 (almost 36,000 million Jamaican dollars or 580 million of US dollars).&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 15:58:27 GMT

Assessment of the socio-economic and environmental impact of tropical storm Gustav on Jamaica

<p>This report was prepared to document impact on affected population; estimate costs of damage and losses; identify geographically affected areas; and identify the financial priorities for rehabilitation and reconstruction.</p><p>As at September 19, 2008 the preliminary estimate of the damage and losses incurred by the Jamaican economy due to the passage of Tropical Storm Gustav between August 28 and 29, 2008 was $15.51 billion (US$213.99 million)1 , 2 per cent of nominal Gross Domestic Product in 2007.&nbsp;</p><p>There was evidence that the country has continued to improve its handling of hazard events. However, the experiences of Tropical Storm Gustav showed that the already fragile ecosystems provided little resilience to the above normal rainfall intensity experienced during the storm.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 15:21:11 GMT

Community-based Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Know-How: Sharing knowledge from practices

<p>Community-based monitoring, reporting and verification (CMRV), is the involvement of local people in the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon stocks and other forest data. This approach to forest monitoring can potentially provide cost-effective and locally collected biomass data, promote equality in benefit sharing, and maximize the social and environmental co-benefits of work around reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation, known as REDD+.<br />&nbsp;<br />In August 2014, participants from more than a dozen countries came together for a workshop in Guyana to share and test tools, approaches, and lessons learned on this work. The workshop was organized by Naikoa Aguilar-Amuchastegui, MRV Coordinator for the WWF Forest and Climate Programme, along with collaborators at WWF Guianas, the Global Canopy Programme, and the U.S. Geological Survey SilvaCarbon Program.<br />This report highlights the impacts, challenges, lessons learned and trends that emerged from this workshop, and serves as a resource for others focused on similar efforts.</p><p>WWF gratefully acknowledges the support of the Government of Norway through a grant administered by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad).</p>

02 Mar 2015 15:33:08 GMT

Issues in captive coal block development in India

<p>Given the high global demand for and the ever-rising price of oil and the abundance of comparatively inexpensive coal in their own region, India and China have long been heavily dependent on it as a source of energy to meet the needs of their people, as also for national growth. China has the third largest and India the fourth largest coal reserves in the world. The importance of the coal sector to India&#39;s energy security cannot be underestimated.</p><p>Much concern has been expressed across the world over the resultant extent of CO2 emissions admittedly high, in these two countries. Given the scale of their energy demand even to meet their very basic needs, it would be vain to hope that reduction of greenhouse gas emissions can be achieved through the increased use of renewable energy sources</p>

02 Mar 2015 11:58:55 GMT

Challenges in solar power development in India

<p>Despite the fact that India has 300 days of sunlight annually on average, solar power plays an almost insignificant role in the Indian energy mix. What many fail to see is the technological, financial, institutional and structural complexity that needs to be mastered to harness this seemingly simple and environmentally benign source of energy as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM or NSM) launched by the government of India in 2010 clearly demonstrates. At the industry level, the NSM has given the initial boost the industry requires but many key issues concerning data, technology and finance need to be addressed. At the broader strategic level, it is not clear what objectives India seeks to achieve in committing to invest a significant sum of its scarce resources in the solar sector.</p><p>The NSM states that it aims to &#39;scale up&rdquo; deployment of solar energy keeping in mind the financial constraints and affordability challenge in a country where large numbers of people do not have access to basic power and are unable to pay for high cost solutions. What remains missing in the statement are the strategic goals such as the development of a globally competitive solar man ufacturing industry or the provision of decentralised energy services to the poor who cannot afford to pay for high cost energy. For the NSM to have a clear direction, these objectives must be clarified at this early stage of the mission.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Mar 2015 11:51:21 GMT

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Environmental and socioeconomic impacts of Mexico's payments for ecosystem services program

<p>This document summarizes current findings from an evaluation of Mexico&rsquo;s National Payments for Hydrological Services from 2003-2010.&nbsp; Th evaluation seeks to understand the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the program, with the goal of extracting lessons learned and identifying room for possible future improvement.</p><p>Findings: an analysis of program selection criteria and the characteristics of lands enrolled suggests the program has met the dual goals of targeting funds to areas of ecological and social priority. Specifically:</p><ul><li>on average, land enrolled over all years between 2004 and 2010 had similar risk of deforestation, higher hydrological priority and similar degree of marginality to all forested lands in the country. That is to say, land which was enrolled was broadly representative of available land</li><li>looking at the evolution of the program over time, targeting to high deforestation risk and more marginalized areas has improved substantially between 2004 and 2010 due to changes in the program rules and the eligible zones resulting in the selection of higher risk and more poor recipients from within the applicant pool.</li></ul><p>One potential means of improving the ecological impact of the program would be to select properties with even higher risk of deforestation, as the average risk of deforestation among enrolled properties remains somewhat below the national average across all forested lands.</p><p>Two possible ways to do this would be to target further on the basis of multiple characteristics which determine avoided deforestation (in addition to INE&rsquo;s risk numbers) or to raise the payment amounts.</p>

16 Mar 2015 16:06:19 GMT

From Brazilian fields to Norwegian farms

<p>&bull; Brazil has a Federal Constitution and consolidated legislation that provide for the protection of the environment, health and welfare of workers in rural areas.<br />&bull; The large-scale agricultural export model used in Brazil, i.e. the state of Mato Grosso and particularly in the region where the soy exported to Norway is produced, has been causing severe social and environmental impacts.<br />&bull; Although Norway is a relatively small player in the global soy market, it has been a leader in the effort to fight deforestation of tropical forests and ensuring good sustainability standards throughout global production chains.<br />&bull; Denofa, through its Brazilian partner Amaggi, is responsible for most of the soybeans imported from Brazil to Norway; despite Denofa&rsquo;s good efforts to maintain best sustainability standards throughout its production chain, important challenges still remain to be addressed.<br />&bull; Openness and transparency of the entire supply chain are key elements to corporate social responsibility. Denofa possesses detailed information on suppliers and cargoes shipped from Brazil to Norway. However, the company has so far refused to disclose such information based on business sensitive reasons that are not entirely clear.<br />&bull; Denofa relies on comprehensive certification schemes managed by Amaggi to ensure the highest possible sustainability standards in the soy production chain. However, there are certain limitations related to such certificate schemes that may jeopardize the traceability vis a vis the actual situation on the ground. Lack of autonomous third-party verification and full confidentiality clauses are limitations that represent a breach in standards of transparency.<br />&bull; Interviews with local farmers during the field trip evidence that a departure from Brazilian laws and certification standards may exist in the following areas:<br />&bull; Use and spraying of pesticides close to houses and villages, which even if compliant with local regulations, represent an unacceptable risk to the health of residents and workers in the areas where the soy exported to Norway is produced.<br />&bull; Failure to comply with federal and state forest laws by suppliers;<br />&bull; Concern that Denofa may be importing soy planted inside indigenous lands, in violation of the Constitution.</p>

03 Mar 2015 17:22:21 GMT

Beyond the thumrule approach: regulatory Innovations for bioprospecting in India

<p>In the wake of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), there is unprecedented attention on good Green Governance, which implies the development of resource efficient, rights based and effective domestic frameworks to regulate bioprospecting. India has been pioneering in this regard due to its ABS legislation in 2002 that long preceded the Nagoya Protocol. However much has changed since 2002 and while India has learnt a great deal from its &lsquo;learning by doing&rsquo; method, there are valuable lessons that can be learnt from innovations in the ABS frameworks of other countries. The innovations of these countries are a great resource for National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in India that is seeking to make the processing of the bioprospecting applications in India more optimal. The current paper highlights the challenges faced by the NBA in processing the high volumes of bioprospecting applications, analyses the reasons for such challenges and proposes solutions for the same.</p>

19 Feb 2015 15:44:24 GMT

Biodiversity for sustainable development: delivering results for Asia and the Pacific

<p>This book focuses on biodiversity work in the Asia-Pacific region. It presents results, stories and photographs on innovations in monitoring endangered species, creating protected areas and managing them better, adapting to climate change, improving community livelihoods and energy efficiency, and diversifying crops. It presents examples of work to conserve land, water and ocean resources that have taken place since 2000, linking biodiversity with five themes: home, food and water, work and money, health and security, and happiness and love. It argues that biodiversity is a vital component of the most basic concerns of our daily lives, wherever we are.</p>

17 Feb 2015 12:17:09 GMT

Sankalp Forum: preliminary report

<p>Launched in 2009, Sankalp Forum, an Intellecap initiative, recognises and supports innovative, sustainable, high impact social enterprises. It builds an enabling ecosystem for early-stage social enterprises, channels impact investments, and engages over 11,000 stakeholders globally through collaborative year-round initiatives. It mobilises a community of entrepreneurs, investors, enablers and policy-makers to encourage innovation, facilitate scalability, and drive consensus on matters that aid social enterprise development.</p><p>Thus far, Sankalp Forum has focused its enterprise support and ecosystem building efforts largely on India, with some activities in South and South East Asia. It sees a tremendous opportunity for expanding its efforts to Sub Saharan Africa to grow local high impact small and medium enterprise (SME) ecosystems; and also build a knowledge and partnerships corridor between India and Sub Saharan African countries.</p>

16 Feb 2015 11:06:23 GMT

Land reform and biodiversity conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in conflict?

<p>A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas. Since 1994 a large number of land reform projects have been initiated which affect conservation areas. Many of these are concerned with the restitution of land rights. This has resulted in the conservation and land reform sectors often coming into conflict. Overcoming mistrust and poor understanding between the historically disparate land and conservation sectors is a matter which requires urgent attention. However, the most important issue is ensuring that people, whose land rights were violated by apartheid policies and sometimes by the creation of conservation areas, do not become victims of ideological battles.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, and to encourage better comprehension between the land and conservation sectors. It does this by analysing current experiences in South Africa with regard to land reform in conservation areas, and, through the use of case studies, exploring synergies and tensions which currently exist between these two seemingly disparate objectives.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper concludes that South Africa has achieved minimal success in reconciling land reform, conservation and economic development:</span></p><ul><li>the divergent goals of the land and conservation sectors result in conflicts which often lead to delays in the process of resolving land issues;</li><li>the joint management or contractual parks model used in South Africa to resolve land claims in protected areas appears to be unsuitable, given current power imbalances between conservation agencies and poor rural people. Rural people sign agreements in the hope of enjoying future benefits from the deals, but they are often frustrated by their inability to influence management decisions that have an impact on their livelihoods;</li><li>with the retention of the conservation status of land in all cases, land and resource rights remain unclear, with some rural people questioning if they have achieved any victory.</li></ul><p>What is needed is a serious rethink of approaches to reconciling land reform and conservation, including flexible policies which may include alternative land uses other than ecotourism, and broader bioregional strategies for conservation that look beyond protected areas in terms of planning, conservation and economic development. The reality is that South Africa is faced with spiraling levels of poverty and unemployment, high levels of inequality especially in land ownership and distribution and increased reliance among the rural poor on natural resources. Addressing the immediate and long-term needs of the poor, whilst simultaneously conserving the country&rsquo;s biodiversity, is no easy task, needing both the creativity and commitment of all players to compromise where necessary, and to get it right.</p>

12 Feb 2015 20:45:59 GMT

Internalising the Cost of Biodiversity loss using Translog Cost Function - wp276.pdf

<p>Aquaculture has rapidly developed as a thriving business in many developing countries in response to dramatic increase in the demand for shrimp from United States, Japan and Europe. Shrimp farming and aquacultural activities are mostly carried out in coastal regions as they provide vast tracts of saline lands coupled with an abundant quantity of wild seeds.</p><p>National governments are supporting this activity in the belief that shrimp farming can generate significant foreign exchange earnings, and enhance the employment opportunities and incomes in poor, coastal communities. As a consequence hundreds of hectares of land have been brought under this venture. But this expansion has several effects on the land and water regimes and is postulated to lead to the degradation of the marine environment.</p><p>This paper examines the impact of export-driven increases in aquaculture production on biodiversity in the Indian Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Biodiversity indices for three representative sites for a ten-year period are set up. These indices are integrated into a cost function for aquaculture farming to examine the impact of the &lsquo;ecological crop loss&rsquo; caused by increasing prawn seed collection from the wild on costs of the aquaculturist.</p><p>The study finds that within a translog cost function framework, the results on substitutability between inputs show that a land-intensive aquaculture expansion is indicated if biodiversity loss is to be averted. Furthermore, the existence of economies of scale in aquaculture production points towards the economic viability of such an approach. Other policy options such as a hatchery technology for seed production are less cost effective, while requiring at the same time, complementary measures to provide livelihoods to the large number of people engaged in prawn seed collection.</p>

07 Feb 2015 11:50:15 GMT

Waghoba tales: Adventures in leopard land

<p>Between 2007 and 2011, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research and the Centre for Ecological Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science received funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy (New Delhi) for a large project on Human-Wildlife Conflicts. The wider project involved many partners on both the Norwegian and Indian sides, and attracted co-funding from a diversity of other sources including the Research Council of Norway. Among the many sub-projects that were initiated it was the leopard studies that led to the closest and most productive cooperation between Norwegian and Indian researchers. This cooperation is ongoing even now, three years after the end of the original project. The leopard study had a great deal of focus on communication and outreach &ndash; and this booklet represents just one of these products. It is based on a translation from the original written in Marathi with additional sections added for a wider audience. The booklet is an attempt to provide insights into the process of conducting research as much as the results obtained. When people from diverse cultural backgrounds meet in rural India in the process of studying leopards some very bizarre situations can arise.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:42:16 GMT

A “Delphi Exercise” as a tool in Amazon Rainforest valuation

<p>The Amazon rainforest, the world&rsquo;s largest and most biodiverse, represents a global public good of which 15 percent has already been lost. The worldwide value of preserving the remaining forest is today unknown. A &ldquo;Delphi&rdquo; exercise was conducted involving more than 200 environmental valuation experts from 36 countries, who were asked to predict the outcome of a survey to elicit willingness to pay for Amazon forest preservation among their own countries&rsquo; populations. Expert judgments of average willingness-to-pay levels, per household per year, to fund a plan to protect all of the current Amazon rainforest up to 2050, range from $4 to $36 in 12 Asian countries, to near $100 in Canada, Germany, and Norway, with other high-income countries in between. Somewhat lower willingness-to-pay values were found for a less strict plan that allows a 12 percent further rainforest area reduction. The elasticity of experts&rsquo; willingness-to-pay assessments with respect to own-country per capita income is slightly below but not significantly different from unity when results are pooled across countries and income is adjusted for purchasing power parity.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:21:46 GMT

Guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments in terrestrial and marine environments in the Pacific

<p>This publication contains guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments the Pacific island countries and territories of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. It highlights that survey methodologies and systems selected as part of the guidelines should: Take account of the IUCN Red List status of species, enable the identification of priority habitats or areas based on those species and enable the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and/or other ecological significant areas. Also to address the identification of threats posed by invasive plants and fauna, take account of climate change implications, address approaches for the assessment of both marine and terrestrial ecosystem resilience and vulnerability and involve local communities in all aspects of the BIORAP.</p>

05 Feb 2015 15:16:09 GMT

Seeds without borders

<p>This policy brief reviews, reflects and discusses the challenges from the perspectives of technological, organisational, institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks within the variety development-seed production-seed use continuum. The brief proposes recommendations that can be pursued to further enhance the efficiency of the seed systems especially in supporting regional seed marketing and ensuring that women as &ldquo;natural custodians of seed&rdquo; benefit from the improved systems.</p><p>Governments and sub regional organisations such as Southern African Development Community (SADC) have to create an enabling policy and regulatory framework to improve the efficiency of the national seed systems and create diverse forms of delivery systems. These systems include the formal, public and private seed sector, and new innovative informal approaches that involve farmer groups (associations, cooperatives), individual seed producers and NGOs operating in a particular country.</p>

30 Jan 2015 13:36:00 GMT

Climate change in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas: The state of current knowledge

<p>The Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most ecologically sensitive and fragile areas in the world. In all likelihood, the effects of climate change will become evident here first and with the greatest intensity. This report synthesises the present knowledge about the consequences that climate change could have for the region. This thorough review of the existing literature, based on over 360 references, was prepared in consultation with more than 80 leading experts from the region and abroad. To identify and bridge gaps in climate change related knowledge for the HKH, leading experts in climatology, hydrology, environmental science, and other climate-related fields from across and beyond the region gathered at an Authors&rsquo; Workshop in Kathmandu on 18 and 19 August 2011. The workshop presentations and discussions form the backbone of this report, fleshed out with additional literature. Rigorous review sought to ensure a thorough and relevant report. The report captures the cutting-edge knowledge from the region in three major areas: climate and hydrology; biodiversity and ecosystems; and atmospheric changes. It also indicates gaps in knowledge and shows a way forward for systematic data acquisition and data sharing in the areas of biophysical observation, socioeconomic analysis, and policy research. This report not only should be of interest to planners and policy makers in the region, but should also provide vital inputs into global climate change negotiations.</p>

27 Jan 2015 18:12:03 GMT

Kailash sacred landscape conservation initiative – Feasibility assessment report

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China (TAR China) and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&rsquo;s most important rivers, and at the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalisation processes and accelerating development. The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) is an attempt on the part of the three neighbouring countries to join hands to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. The present report is a summarised synthesis of three individual Country Feasibility Assessment Reports, based on extensive field work and consultations aimed at delineating the target landscape and preparing a needs analysis for the KSL in general, and the KSLCI in particular.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:51:33 GMT

Gender and biodiversity management in the greater Himalayas: Towards equitable mountain development

<p>This publication presents six case studies on gender aspects of biodiversity conservation and management. They address conservation issues related to women&#39;s practices in: shifting cultivation (Bangladesh); use of wild yam (Bhutan); yeast production (Bhutan); in situ agrobiodiversity conservation (India); kinema making practices from soybean (India); and community forestry leadership (Nepal). The study contributes policy and research recommendations for promoting and improving gender-sensitive and -inclusive biodiversity conservation and management practices in complex mountain contexts. It will be useful for development practitioners, researchers, policy makers, development planners, and civil society organizations working on sustainable and equitable natural resources management in the greater Himalayan region.</p><p>The paper highlights that women have a critical role in maintaining and sustaining local-level biodiversity resources and hold extensive knowledge of crops and wild plants, agricultural practices, local species, and the genetic management of plants and animals. However, analysis of the gender dimensions of biodiversity management in mountain ecosystems is still emerging as an area of research.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:15:43 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape – Report on the experts regional consultation for transboundary biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD and the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar, to improve collaboration between China, India, and Myanmar in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation and technical sessions held in December in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. It also gives a brief account of updates on the landscape from China, India, and Myanmar and a regional synthesis of the pre-feasibility assessments prepared by each country. More detailed highlights from the pre-feasibility studies, which describe the landscape, the importance of the initiative, and steps taken to adopt the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the area, as well as the result of the consultation &ndash; a draft programme framework for transboundary collaboration in the area &ndash; are appended as annexes.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:26:14 GMT

Mountain biodiversity conservation and management: Selected examples of good practices and lessons learned from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

<p>This publication presents 15 case studies solicited by ICIMOD during the International Year of Biodiversity 2010. The case studies document mountain biodiversity initiatives implemented in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region, ranging from the protection and conservation of endangered species (such as the snow leopard, Acer pentaphyllum, and Himalayan golden mahseer) to integrated approaches to conservation, transboundary and otherwise, that link livelihoods with the sustainable use of biodiversity resources. While virtually all mountain biodiversity initiatives documented in this publication emphasize community involvement, a few have also leveraged local institutions and indigenous knowledge systems, integrating them with scientific knowledge to find a way forward. Most case studies capture good practices that can be replicated and scaled up, as well as lessons learned, thereby contributing to the Programme of Work on Mountain Biodiversity adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:15:00 GMT

Towards developing the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape – Report of the regional consultation to develop future strategic programme for biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD to improve collaboration between China and Pakistan in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation held in December in Kathmandu, Nepal and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. It also gives an account of the sharing of the process document which describes the landscape and the importance of the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:07:02 GMT

Caring for our transboundary landscape: Illustrations from the Kailash Sacred Landscape

<p>This collection of simple drawings is designed to raise the awareness of rural mountain people and help them better understand the various changes and opportunities in their landscape. Rural mountain communities are highly vulnerable to the changes occurring in their landscape due to climatic and other factors (including demographic changes and migration).</p><p>The first part looks at the changes and challenges in the landscape, such as impacts of climate change and unsustainable practices. The second part introduces solutions for better management and use of natural resources and introduces the concept and importance of collaborating across borders in natural resource management and conservation.</p><p>The publication was created within the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) and is intended in particular for communities living within the Kailash Sacred Landscape. However, its messages could be useful to mountain communities in a much wider context.</p>

26 Jan 2015 16:45:34 GMT

Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative: Regional Programme Implementation Plan 2012–2016

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI) is a collaborative effort of the three neighbouring countries in Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. This report is a synthesis of proposed activities based on a wide consultative process and national programme implementation plans submitted by partner institutions from each country. The Regional Programme Implementation Plan has been prepared for the five-year period 2012-2016 and describes how various programme elements will be implemented and executed in the KSL on a regional scale.</p><p>The KSL spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&#39;s most important rivers. At the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalization processes and accelerating development.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:56:56 GMT

Environmental Stratification of Kailash Sacred Landscape and Projected Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystems and Productivity

<p>This publication documents a study that uses a quantitative spatial analytic approach to environmentally stratify the Kailash Sacred Landscape based on the Global Environmental Stratification approach. The study aims to stratify the KSL for use as a baseline for climate change research, for comparative studies, and to model the projected impacts of climate change on the landscape. A modelling approach based on statistical clustering was applied to develop a detailed bioclimatic stratification of the study area. Based on this classification, the impacts of climate change on the distribution of the bioclimatic zones, ecosystems, and vegetation types in the landscape were modelled and identified.</p><p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape is a recently designated transboundary conservation landscape comprising remote portions of the southwestern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and adjacent portions of northern India and northwestern Nepal.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:41:15 GMT

High-altitude rangelands and their interfaces in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

<p>The interfaces between high-altitude rangelands and other ecosystems in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region such as forests, wetlands, and agricultural land are suffering from degradation, desertification, and soil erosion, which are further aggravated by climatic and anthropogenic factors. However, more information is needed on the ecological role of high-altitude rangelands and their interfaces as a basis for developing and implementing plans for conservation and sustainable management of these fragile ecosystems. This volume has been compiled as a first step in addressing this knowledge gap. It contains a collection of papers and scholarly articles by ecologists, natural resource managers, and other professionals working on the high-altitude rangelands of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:21:11 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative – Report on the regional strategic meeting for developing regional cooperation framework

<p>This report presents the detailed proceedings of a two-day consultation meeting aimed at formulating the BSL Regional Cooperation Framework (BSL-RCF). The meeting was held at Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 26&ndash;27 June 2014.</p><p>ICIMOD and its partners in the eight Regional Member Countries have identified seven transboundary landscapes for programmatic cooperation from west to east across the HKH region: Wakhan, Karakoram-Pamir, Kailash, Everest, Kangchenjunga, Brahmaputra-Salween, and Cherrapunjee-Chittagong. The Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape is one of these transboundary landscapes and represents one of the most biodiversity and culturally rich transboundary landscapes, and is shared by three countries, namely, China, India and Myanmar. The landscape includes areas that are globally recognized as the &lsquo;Centre of Plant Diversity&rsquo; and &lsquo;Eastern Asiatic Regional Centre for Endemism&rsquo;. The biodiversity in the Landscape not only forms the basis of livelihoods of people living in the landscape, but also has universal value in terms of evolution and diversification of species, and as genetic repositories of crop wild relatives.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:16:19 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween landscape conservation and development initiative

<p>This report is on the third Regional Consultation on Developing Transboundary Cooperation for Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (BSLCDI) which took place in January 2014 in Kaziranga, Assam, India. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) has a &lsquo;Regional Programme&rsquo; platform for enhancing cooperation among eight member countries in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.</p><p>Transboundary Landscapes is one of the regional programmes that aim to promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources (biodiversity, rangelands, farming systems, forests, wetlands and watersheds) in landscapes defined by ecosystems rather than administrative boundaries. The programme also seeks to promote sustainable management of natural and cultural heritage.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:06:22 GMT

Understanding the transboundary Karakoram-Pamir landscape

<p>This publication provides a baseline on issues related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in the Karakoram-Pamir region of China and Pakistan. The report provides an overview of available information on the major features of the landscape, its ecosystems and biodiversity, and the socioeconomic and cultural situation. It was compiled through the efforts of scientists and stakeholders in the two countries. The information is intended to support the development of a conservation strategy and associated comprehensive environmental monitoring action plan for the landscape, as well as being useful in the formulation of national strategies and regional cooperation frameworks.</p>

22 Jan 2015 14:54:08 GMT

Coping with climate change – the roles of genetic resources for food and agriculture

<p>This book argues that genetic resources have a critical role to play in feeding the world in the face of climate change and that more needs to be done to study, preserve and utilize biological diversity. It argues that crops, livestock, forest trees and aquatic organisms capable of surviving and producing in a changing climate will be needed and that policies.</p>

21 Jan 2015 13:50:50 GMT

Environmental livelihood security in Southeast Asia and Oceania: a water-energy-food-livelihoods nexus approach for spatially assessing change

<p>This document addresses the need for explicit inclusion of livelihoods within the environment nexus (water-energy-food security). The authors present a conceptualisation of &lsquo;environmental livelihood security&rsquo;, which combines the nexus perspective with sustainable livelihoods. The geographical focus of this paper is Southeast Asia and Oceania, which the authors highlight is a region currently wrought by the impacts of a changing climate. Climate change is the primary external forcing mechanism on the environmental livelihood security of communities in Southeast Asia and Oceania which, therefore, forms the applied crux of this paper. The paper provides a primer for using geospatial information to develop a spatial framework to enable geographical assessment of environmental livelihood security across the region. It concludes by linking the value of this research to ongoing sustainable development discussions, and for influencing policy agendas.</p>

21 Jan 2015 11:46:11 GMT

Payment for ecosystem services in South Africa: prospects for programme development

<p>The need to address sustained economic growth while simultaneously preserving the natural environment presents important policy challenges for countries such as South Africa. Growing concerns about climate change, a loss of biodiversity, and the poor management of natural resources such as forests and water all indicate that the benefits of growth &ndash; and its ability to deliver social well-being &ndash; must be increasingly considered in light of environmental costs.<br /><br />Some of the most innovative instruments focused on balancing growth and environmental impact are originating in developing countries. Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is one such instrument, used most commonly in Latin America, which is gaining increased traction.</p><p>Through the use of monetary and in-kind payments, PES incentivises landowners and communities to maintain intact ecosystems, restore the natural environments of degraded land, and use natural resources sustainably.<br /><br />In South Africa, PES is considered by a number of stakeholders as having the potential to mitigate climate change, as well as promote sustainable land use and the better management of scarce water resources. PES is also viewed as a way of promoting new livelihoods and generating more sustainable growth. This raises questions as to what a national PES programme in South Africa would look like.</p>

20 Jan 2015 14:01:11 GMT

Noah revisits biodiversity protection prioritisation

<p>The pledges to finance biodiversity preservation make up a fraction of the identified needs. Therefore, scientists must develop tools to help prioritise the many goals of biodiversity preservation. Analysts and policy makers often use the &lsquo;Noah&rsquo;s Ark&rsquo; metaphor to imply that society must choose how much biodiversity to save and which specific components of it to save.</p><p>This paper develops a framework for prioritising species conservation policies that advances the integration of the economic and ecological perspectives stating that economic models proposed to answer these questions do not capture the complexity and inter-relatedness that enrich ecological perspectives. Also, ecological models often ignore the anthropogenic aspects that drive economic analysis.</p><p>The author first develops a macro-oriented model that builds from Norgaard&rsquo;s framework (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) to address how big an ark to build. He then develops a microeconomic model that prioritises species&mdash;one that starts with Weitzman&rsquo;s model (<em>Econometrica </em>1998) and builds upon the work of Perry (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) and Arponen (<em>BiodiversConserv </em>2012) to include ecological concerns.</p><p>The author demonstrates this methodology with two examples from current issues concerning protecting Keoladeo National Park, India. First, he looks at maintaining the Gambhir River&rsquo;s natural flow (instead of impounding it behind the Panchana Dam) to help re-establish the Siberian Crane at the park. Then, he investigates the protection of satellite wetlands, which are part of the park&rsquo;s overall ecosystem, to enhance the Sarus Crane population.</p><p>In conclusion, the author explains that Noah faces the difficult task of deciding how big to build his ark and how many species to have on board thus, the macroeconomic and microeconomic models developed in the paper advance the integration of ecological concerns into economic models. The examples used illustrate that the models can be used effectively, especially if good quality data are available.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:47:38 GMT

Biodiversity prioritisation and gender

<p>Biodiversity is declining and will continue to decline through this century. Governments worldwide are concerned enough about that decline to increase their funding for biodiversity protection by over $10 billion annually (Secretariat of the Convention on Biodiversity 20 October 2012). But those pledges do not meet the $76 billion annually required.</p><p>Weitzman (1998) brought the Noah&rsquo;s Ark metaphor to this policy challenge. This metaphor is based upon the Abrahamic religions&rsquo; belief (<em>Torah </em>Book of Bereshit, <em>Bible </em>Book of Genesis, and <em>Qu&rsquo;ran </em>Surah 11) that God destroyed the world by a flood except for the people, animals, and plants Noah saved in the ark. So, the goal of the policy makers is to create a prioritisation scheme that guides a Noah-like policy maker in deciding which species to save.</p><p>Because the financial commitments to preserve biodiversity fall short of what is needed, the elements of biodiversity must be prioritised so that limited funds can be used most effectively. This paper addresses the key issue of the weaknesses in such prioritisation mechanisms with respect to gender concerns. It begins by defining biodiversity and how species are prioritised for preservation. Next, it utilises theories from the existing literature to analyse how each component of the prioritisation is likely biased when ignoring the linkages between biodiversity, gender, and economic development.</p><p>&nbsp;So, in conclusion, the author asserts that one cannot simply state that Noah or his economic analysts will always deflate or always inflate the ranking of species valued by women. Biodiversity protection has a complex relationship with gender and with economic development. Therefore for each case of biodiversity protection, gender must be analysed with respect to all four of the prioritisation components, as each component likely would otherwise be biased in various degrees and the directions of the biases can be contradictory. Only through careful analysis will the direction of bias be confirmed for each specific case.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:43:27 GMT

Land, biodiversity and the extractive industries in southern Africa. How effective are legal and institutional frameworks in protecting people and the environment?

<p>In the natural resources sector, laws are often formulated to regulate the relationship between men and the environment. Ideally, the law can play a vital role in regulating and protecting communities from adverse environmental and social impacts of mining, loss of land, biodiversity and natural wealth, as well as other human rights violations. Almost all countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have developed laws and institutions to regulate and monitor the extraction of mineral resources and their impact on the environment and people. However, the level of implementation and enforcement of those laws varies across the region and in some cases legal gaps exist.<br /><br />In light of this, the Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) commissioned research in three SADC countries &ndash; Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe &ndash; to assess the effectiveness of exiting legal and institutional frameworks governing land, social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector.</p><p>This policy brief analyses the findings of the three reports and identifies current legal and institutional frameworks in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Botswana that seek to protect land, biodiversity and communities from the adverse impacts of mining. It highlights good practices while also capturing crosscutting weaknesses and gaps in the legal frameworks.</p><p>The policy brief also analyses the institutional capacities of responsible government departments, whose legal mandate is to monitor and hold mining companies accountable, and looks at the domestication and application of regional and international instruments. More importantly, the efficacy of voluntary practices and standards adopted by mining companies and financial institutions to promote social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector is also assessed.</p>

13 Jan 2015 14:44:52 GMT

A programme for the implementation of the obligations of the convention on biological diversity

<p>In June 1992, Pakistan joined other countries in signing the Convention On Biological Diversity during the Rio Summit. The Convention places responsibility on the signatories by providing a framework aimed at conserving and sustaining global biodiversity. This paper summarises the framework of the convention under the following broad categories:</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Objectives: To conserve global biological diversity and promote sustainable use of its components through development of national strategies, plans or programmes and integration of the convention into national agenda. Also, Pakistan is expected to keep those relevant international agreements valid except those that counter the convention.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">2.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Principle: The sovereign right of countries to exploit the resources within national jurisdiction is recognized though the document applies to any activities and processes, which affect biological diversity beyond national jurisdictions.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">3.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Obligation for Pakistan:&nbsp; This category stresses cooperation, maintaining organised date, establishing protected areas fpr biodiversity habitat, regulation and management of biological resources within and outside these areas, provision of incentives for biological conservation and sustainable use, increased public awareness, creation of favourable condition for access to genetic resources and information sharing.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">4.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Opportunities: This category includes external technological and financial support for in-situ and ex-situ conservation, capacity building, impact assessment support to minimize adverse impacts, Fair and equitable sharing of research results and resources from commercial and other utilisation of genetic resources.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">5. Conference of the Parties</p>

11 Jan 2015 07:56:33 GMT

Access and benefit sharing under the biodiversity act: towards a more effective regime

<p>The Biological Diversity Act (BDA), 2002 was enacted by India so as to give effect to its commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 (the BDA became effective in 2004 after the Biological Diversity Rules (BDRs) were notified). The BDA has provisions for regulated access to biological resources (BRs) for various purposes including for scientific research, for commercial utilisation, for bio-survey or for bio-utilisation. These conditions of access are put in place to ensure conservation of biological diversity and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the commercial use of BRs and associated traditional knowledge (TK).</p><p>The BDA is a well-crafted legislation that takes into consideration the imperatives of implementing a complex law given the realities facing India.&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">Despite its well-crafted nature, the implementation of the BDA has many weaknesses. The&nbsp;provisions have not been implemented effectively, which was mainly due to inadequate awareness about the law among various stakeholders and the weakness of institutional mechanisms. Moreover, well-articulated guidelines, without which no legislation can be effectively implemented, are not yet in place. Considering the importance of promoting conservation and sustainable use of BR, there is an urgent need to remove the shortcomings being faced for proper implementation of the Act so that benefits can accrue to the communities who protect and nurture BR and associated TK. Strengthening of institutional and human resources will have to be carried out to ensure any meaningful BS from access to BR and associated TK in the country.</span></p>

10 Jan 2015 20:13:55 GMT

Implementation of convention on biological diversity in Pakistan

<p>Pakistan, covering a land area of 803,940 sq. km, is rich in biodiversity. It has been divided into 10 major ecological zones and contains up to 5,700 species of plants, 188 of mammals, 666 of birds, 174 of reptiles, 125 of freshwater and 400 of marine fish, and insects/invertebrates of 20,000.</p><p>The pressures on biodiversity have been attributed to rapid growth in human population, increasing numbers of livestock, commercial forestry practices, increasing use of fertilizers and pesticides, expanding agriculture, increasing numbers of industries polluting land, water and air, expanding settlements encroaching on wildlife habitats, commercial fishing practices adversely affecting aquatic habitats, water-supply and energy-generating developments, transportation, tourism and harbour developments and hunting at levels of exploitation.</p><p>This paper looks at Pakistan&rsquo;s implementation of the Convention on Biodiversity. It notes that the country has been a signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) since 1992, with the Cabinet ratifying it in 1994. The paper observes that in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the Convention, federal and provincial authorities have made significant attempts for the protection of biodiversity and natural capital of the country listing all the relevant articles of the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) towards the implementation of the Convention.</p>

07 Jan 2015 03:48:17 GMT

Technology Transfer in India: CBD, institutions, actors, typologies and perceptions. Sector: Herbal Medicines (biopharmaceuticals, botanicals and personal care products and cosmetics)

<p>The Convention on Biologcal Diversity (CBD) recognises that both access to and transfer of technologies are essential for the attainment of its objectives. This report explores a number of issues related to technology transfer with a particular focus on India asking questions on: typologies, actors, and institutions, perceptions and mechanisms. The report explores these issues for herbal medicine development and the use of medicinal plants particularly those based on the ancient written Ayurvedic medicinal system.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:18:37 GMT

REDD+ in India: managing carbon storage and biodiversity safeguarding in national forest politics?

<p>The report analyses India&#39;s approach towards the mechanism on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhance-ment of forest carbon stocks (REDD+), with particular attention to India&#39;s handling of both carbon and biodiversity matters.<br />The evolution of REDD+ under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is reviewed. Based on a conceptual section on the meaning of &#39;safeguards&#39; the report then provides an overview of the policy measures that the REDD+ debate has triggered from various transnational actors in response to concerns that its implementation might impact adversely on biodiversity. After a discussion of India&#39;s positioning in these international debates, the second part of the report analyses the country&#39;s institutional, legislative, financial and operational assets and challenges as regards realizing REDD+ along with biodiversity safeguarding on the ground.<br />Internationally, India has been a leading country in expanding the scope of a forest-based mitigation instrument in developing countries from carbon sinks to wider concerns, including biodiversity. Domestically, India has repeatedly stated that it has much to gain from REDD+, carbon benefits and other eco-system services alike. Still, it is found that India has not moved far in bringing REDD+ into function on the ground and thus has not reaped the potential benefits for biodiversity of REDD+<br />The report points to a degree of ambiguity in India&#39;s position on REDD + both nationally and internationally. While it has supported a multi-purpose REDD+, India has also supported the inclusion of industrial/short rotation plantations in a definition of forests eligible for REDD+ funding. Such plantations are known to have potentially adverse effects on biodiversity. While this corresponds to India&rsquo;s own ambitious target of doubling the area for afforestation and forest restoration, it also opens the door for trans-formation of biodiversity-rich areas.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:05:27 GMT

The integration of economics into Pakistan's biodiversity action plan: a case study

<p>An important economic reason behind the erosion of biodiversity is the underlying disparity between private versus social costs and benefits. Such divergence can arise because of intervention and market failures, which can be both biodiversity-specific and biodiversity-related and have relevance at the sector as well as project level. The term market failure also includes missing markets. This is the case with global warming, ozone layer depletion or species loss where global imperatives are not reflected in national policies. Conversely, as in the case of biopiracy (&lsquo;neem&rsquo;, &lsquo;basmati&rsquo; rice) multinationals present threats to indigenous biodiversity.<br /><br />The focus of this paper is on the integration of economics into national biodiversity strategies. There are two related aspects to such integration. First, biodiversity needs to be valued explicitly to alert decision makers to the importance of sustainable resource use and to ensure that protection and conservation efforts are undertaken. Second, economic policies and measures are a key component of such efforts. Not only are they a logical consequence of valuation exercises but also their market linkages assure conservation gains in a relatively efficient manner.<br /><br />An important corollary is that such policies and measures need not be restricted only to the biodiversity specific sectors, such as forestry, agriculture and rangelands. In some cases, such as in degraded water habitats (freshwater, marine), remedial measures can be sourced in sectors such as industry, households and energy, where the biodiversity linkages are indirect but equally important.<br /><br />Pricing environmental goods and bads is politically unpopular because it cuts into rents enjoyed by powerful groups. Thus policy and pricing initiatives require strong institutional support. Key to this are environmental protection laws, regulatory and implementation measures, which focus both on innovation and equity. Legal and regulatory measures should define property rights and espouse participatory management principles, aimed at empowering communities. A precondition for instituting such rights and principles are consultative processes to ensure that they are enshrined adequately in the laws.</p><p>It is obvious that a holistic approach to biodiversity conservation needs to be adopted. However, there are limits to what can be attempted or accomplished, in view of the inherent complexity of the problem and the associated funding and information constraints. Essentially, a phased approach should be adopted in establishing biodiversity-economic linkages.&nbsp;</p>

27 Dec 2014 16:06:24 GMT

Study on effluents from selected sugar mills in Pakistan: potential environmental, health, and economic consequences of an excessive pollution load

<p>Pakistan&rsquo;s sugar industry, considered to be one of the best organised industrial sectors in the country, is also among the country&rsquo;s leading economic enterprises, directly or indirectly employing over 10 million people (Hagler Bailley, 1999). Comprising 77 mills, 38 in the province of Punjab, 32 in Sindh, six in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), and one in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), the industry produced nearly four million tons of sugar during 2003-04 and has a full production capacity estimated at five million tons, well exceeding the estimated domestic demand of 3.6 million tons (GOP 2002-03). Almost the entirety of the sugar output is used domestically while molasses, a by-product of sugar production, is mostly exported to other countries. A few sugar mills also use part of the molasses to produce industrial alcohol (ethyl alcohol) a significant quantity of which is exported.</p><p>Pollution control measures for such a large-scale industrial operation must be carefully planned to minimise risks to health and environment. The sugar production process is known to produce substantial levels of solid waste, water and noise pollution. The highly polluted wastewater from sugar mills, in particular, poses a substantial danger to health and environmental quality.</p><p>This paper explores the health and environmental impacts of waste water releases from the sugar industry, particularly in terms of pollutant parameters that are found to exceed NEQS; the amount of pollution charge, as calculated under the notified government environmental rules and regulations, which the industry will have to bear over the years if it fails to comply with NEQS; and the international trade implications of not meeting environmental standards. It also appraises the technical and regulatory context in which the wastewater problem may be tackled, discussing existing environmental policies and legislation and available options including technologies for the reduction of wastewater volume and pollution load, end of pipe treatment, and recycling/reuse of waste water.</p><p>The recommendations that this paper makes include the following:</p><ul><li>to enhance the identification and implementation of appropriate control measures, industry should consider carrying out periodic &ldquo;waste audits&rdquo;, particularly for water use, to identify the level of waste discharge</li><li>government can encourage compliance with environmental standards by fostering favourable regulatory and financial conditions</li><li>government agencies can also facilitate domestic initiatives and cooperation by providing forums and opportunities for stakeholders to come together and tackle environmental issues in collaborative processes, such as the one effectively executed for the determination of the pollution charge system and self-monitoring and reporting /SMART programme</li></ul>

05 Dec 2014 13:05:34 GMT

Pakistan’s trade and environment related interests and suggested positions to be discussed at the Geneva WTO ministerial negotiations

<p>The increasing liberalization of the Multilateral Trading System along with other external factors continues to influence and shape Pakistan&rsquo;s global economic position. Currently the Asian market&rsquo;s ripple effects, increased imports and falling exports are the predominant trade factors. The cross cutting issue of trade and environment continues to be a hindrance for the developing world&rsquo;s efforts at gaining increased market access and this will require close monitoring by Pakistan.</p><p>This policy brief summarizes relevant positions that Pakistan could articulate in future negotiations when responding to trade and environment issues. While the intent of the paper is to outline external strategies that Pakistan could take, internal strategies will also be covered to a lesser degree in order to treat overlap and emphasize the need for inter agency and inter sectoral cooperation. It is hoped that a more collaborative research-supported, phased and monitored approach to trade and environment issues will aid Pakistan and the developing world in general to integrate into the global economy while achieving sustainable development goals and objectives.</p><p>Fortunately for developing countries, the Northern environmental agenda was stopped at the Seattle ministerial meeting through solid resistance from a unified South. The reality, however, is that trade and environment issues will continue to be part of the agenda during future rounds of WTO negotiations.</p><p>The paper is therefore states that there is a need to examine all related factors like consistency of trade measures taken for environmental purposes, environment and trade liberalization issues, trade measures taken pursuant to Multi lateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), trade effects of environmental measures, market access and environment, export of domestically prohibited goods, dispute settlement process, eliminating subsidies, trade related intellectual property rights and biodiversity.</p><p>The paper concludes by declaring that until recently, all debates within the CTE has revealed the in-built inequities and inherent imbalances in dealing with environmental issues. There is therefore a need to ensure that the Southern environmental agenda is also brought into the discourse. This position should place the trade and environment discourse within the broader framework of sustainable livelihoods, poverty alleviation, social and environmental justice, and the expansion of ecological and human security. The onus for such a position in Pakistan, the author asserts, lies with Government, scholars and policy oriented NGOs.</p>

02 Dec 2014 19:30:08 GMT

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Band-aids won’t save the polar bears: smarter climate adaptation needed - Insights Blog

The polar bear, floating mournfully away on an ice floe as his habitat melts around him, is perhaps one of the most well-travelled symbols of the impacts of climate change.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Public Interventions and Private Climate Finance Flows: Empirical Evidence from Renewable Energy Financing - Environment Working Paper

This study uses a unique dataset of investment flows to analyse the role of two categories of public interventions (finance and policies) in mobilising flows of private climate finance worldwide and in the more specific context of flows to and in developing countries. The objectives are threefold. Find out more.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:51:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Biosafety and the Environmental Uses of Micro-Organisms

Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases. This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Environmental indicators: OECD country profiles

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 12 Jan 2015 12:08:00 GMT

Working Papers on greening household behaviour

Latest Environment Working Papers on greening household behaviour: overview of results from econometric analysis and policy implications; energy; food; transport; waste; and water.

Mon, 05 Jan 2015 11:45:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:51:00 GMT

Can you have your green cake and eat it too? Environmental policies as an ingredient for economic growth - Insights Blog

In today’s hard times, policy-makers can find it difficult to sell their environmental policies. To many, these policies represent a burden on the economy.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:13:00 GMT

A clearer picture of climate-related development finance

The world will need more and better targeted financing to meet the challenges of global development post-2015. This means taking important decisions not only on what qualifies as official development assistance (ODA), but also on how those flows can be most strategically used.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 15:51:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

Find out how the OECD participated in the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) which took place from 1-12 December in Lima, Peru.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 17:43:00 GMT

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014

This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management of marine ecosystem services and water.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 12:09:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

Held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum focused on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion included the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and....

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 17:16:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

This meeting addressed green growth policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, water governance in line with green economy requirements, and reporting on the Task Force programme implementation and plans for 2015.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:00:00 GMT

The Ripple Effect: Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Insights blog

The world is facing unprecedented stresses, and we are going to need an unprecedented response. We’re doing our best to help create that response at the OECD.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

ABN Amro executives renounce bonus

Executives at the Dutch bank ABN Amro have renounced a €100,000 allowance after a public outcry over the extra pay.

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 20:25:51 GMT

Prada profit takes a hit from China

Italian luxury goods retailer Prada sees its net profit fall 28% last year as sales slumped in major markets of China and Europe.

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 04:42:08 GMT

Greece's creditors mull new reforms

Greece's creditors are studying new reform plans put forward by Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras' government in a bid to secure further bailout funds.

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 10:08:46 GMT

Chinese shares test seven-year highs

Asian shares get off to a positive start in a holiday-shortened trading week, with Chinese shares leading the region's gains on stimulus hopes.

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 06:52:18 GMT

Best Buy closes Canada's Future Shop

US consumer electronics chain Best Buy is closing its Canadian subsidiary, Future Shop, and converting 65 of its 131 stores into Best Buy outlets.

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:54:41 GMT

Deal creates largest travel retailer

Swiss firm Dufry buys a controlling stake in World Duty Free from the Benetton family, creating the world's largest travel retailer.

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 18:41:45 GMT

Silicon Valley firm wins bias case

A California jury has found that a venture capital firm did not discriminate against a female employee in a closely watched case in Silicon Valley.

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:16:54 GMT

Apple boss criticises 'anti-gay' law

Tim Cook criticises a 'religious freedom law' in the US state of Indiana, which it is argued could allow companies to discriminate against gay and lesbian customers.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 20:06:53 GMT

Japan economy at brink of deflation

Annual core consumer inflation in Japan, the world's third-largest economy, stopped rising for the first time in nearly two years in February.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 05:10:14 GMT

Brazil's economy grew 0.1% in 2014

Brazil, the world's seventh largest economy, narrowly avoided contracting in 2014 with a growth rate of just 0.1% for the year.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:53:44 GMT

Blackberry posts profit for quarter

Canadian mobile phone firm Blackberry posts better-than-expected fourth quarter earnings. but its revenues showed a larger-than-expected drop.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:44:53 GMT

Israel to resume tax transfers to PA

Israel is to stop withholding tax revenues collected on behalf of the Palestinian Authority, a move that has crippled the Palestinian economy.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 16:29:12 GMT

VIDEO: China's wealthiest - in 90 seconds

Who are the richest people in China and how did they become wealthy?

Fri, 13 Mar 2015 10:57:25 GMT

VIDEO: India's young art collectors

A growing number of young, wealthy Indians are buying art as a form of investment.

Fri, 13 Mar 2015 16:56:51 GMT

VIDEO: South Africa's appetite for fast food

The fast food industry is rapidly establishing itself across Africa, as Lerato Mbele reports.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 12:05:24 GMT

VIDEO: The world's most expensive SUV

Who would buy a car like this? The BBC interviews the man behind the million dollar Dartz Prombron.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 00:13:20 GMT

VIDEO: Kenya's quiet 'food revolution'

Local restaurants will soon feel the force of fast food in Kenya, reports the BBC's Michael Kaloki.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 12:11:19 GMT

VIDEO: Japan seeks to reboot innovation

Mariko Oi reports from Japan on the country's quest to rediscover its innovative spirit with "game-changing" products.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 20:39:49 GMT

VIDEO: Argentina's art-loving property magnate

Eduardo Costantini has built large swathes of Buenos Aires, but it is his art collection that is his passion.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 00:07:11 GMT

VIDEO: Conjuring up some India budget magic

As Narendra Modi's government presents its first full budget, the BBC's Sameer Hashmi dons his magician's outfit to explain why India's economy could use a little magic.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 20:35:56 GMT

Why are people so mean online?

Monica Lewinsky has made an impassioned public speech calling for people to be nicer online. So why do we continue to be so mean?

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 00:06:36 GMT

Starbucks #RaceTogether campaign mocked

A Starbucks PR campaign to unite customers with conversations about race appears to have backfired, as the company's big roll-out was mocked on Twitter.

Tue, 17 Mar 2015 20:59:04 GMT

Chevron to sell stake in Caltex

US energy giant Chevron is to sell its 50% stake in Caltex Australia, the petrol station operator, for a reported 4.6bn Australian dollars ($3.6bn; £2.4bn).

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 08:29:13 GMT

Kraft shares soar on Heinz merger

Kraft Foods Group shares jump 35% after an announcement that the firm will merge with tomato ketchup maker Heinz.

Wed, 25 Mar 2015 21:37:44 GMT

MPs raise US-EU trade deal concerns

Trade talks between the US and European Union are marked by 'dog whistle' politics, a report by the Business Select Committee says.

Wed, 25 Mar 2015 00:39:26 GMT

RBS sells Coutts International to UBP

Royal Bank of Scotland sells Coutts International, the overseas arm of its private bank, to Switzerland's Union Bancaire Privee (UBP).

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 10:04:52 GMT

Norwegian green energy to power UK

Green power from Norway will soon be powering hundreds of thousands of homes in Britain, National Grid says.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 13:47:37 GMT

Adidas unveils Europe factory plan

German sportswear firm Adidas outlines a turnaround plan that includes making some of its goods in Europe rather than Asia.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 13:03:31 GMT

Cruise operators shun Tunisian ports

Costa Cruises and MSC Cruises, two Italian cruise companies, cancel planned stops in Tunisian ports following shootings at a museum in Tunis that killed 21 people.

Thu, 19 Mar 2015 16:22:45 GMT

South Africa power chiefs suspended

South Africa's power utility Eskom tells four top officials to step aside while it investigates the problems at the firm, including recent power cuts.

Thu, 12 Mar 2015 11:28:45 GMT

Ghana to receive $1bn loan from IMF

Ghana has secured a $1bn loan from the International Monetary Fund that could stabilise its troubled economy.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 19:14:32 GMT

Toyota resumes efficiency drive

Japanese carmaker Toyota has resumed an efficiency drive that aims to overhaul its manufacturing and production processes in the wake of several vehicle recalls.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 11:55:37 GMT

Australia's Myer faces legal action

Australia's largest department store group, Myer Holdings, is being sued by a shareholder after the firm posted a fall in profit.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 07:30:44 GMT

ADB expects 7.2% China growth in 2015

The Asian Development Bank says it expects China's economy to grow by 7.2% this year, which is faster than the target rate set by the country's officials.

Tue, 24 Mar 2015 11:35:20 GMT

The couple who built a theatre empire

How a husband and wife built the UK's biggest theatre group

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 23:03:06 GMT

Do MPs need a new building?

What should we do with the Houses of Parliament?

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 23:10:19 GMT

Germanwings crash: Counting the cost

What compensation is the airline legally obliged to pay?

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 17:24:24 GMT

Nigeria's 'champagne' economy boom

Why Nigeria's economy is booming despite Boko Haram

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:17:44 GMT

Can data help create English football stars?

Can data help create England's next football stars?

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:56 GMT

Tech to barter your way to the good life

How you can save money and barter your way to the good life

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:10:09 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Ancient Egyptian beer making vessels discovered in Israel

(MENAFN - AFP) Fragments of pottery used by Egyptians to make beer and dating back 5,000 years have been discovered on a building site in Tel Aviv, the Israeli Antiquities Authorit...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 11:07:27 GMT

Kuwait joins anti-terror march in Tunisia

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Kuwait shares the Tunisian resolve to protest acts of terrorism and violence, said Kuwaiti MP Mubarak Al-Khurainej here Sunday.Speaking to KUNA...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 09:23:22 GMT

Kuwait III on Syria to unearth aid for "largest displacement crisis" - UN officials

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Two UN officials have stressed the importance of aid-pledging talks due to be held in Kuwait for "the largest displacement crisis in the world"...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:47:06 GMT

His Highness Prime Minister receives newly appointed officials

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) His Highness the Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah received, at Seif Palace on Sunday, Minister of Information and Minis...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:44:52 GMT

Argentinian-Kuwaiti parliamentary cmte arrives in Kuwait

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Argentinian-Kuwaiti parliamentary friendship committee arrived here Sunday on an official visit to the country.The committee is scheduled t...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:42:44 GMT

UAE's Majid Al Futtaim to expand USD680m Carrefour in Africa and Asia

(MENAFN) Majid Al Futtaim, UAE-based retail developer, is set to expand its USD680 million Carrefour in Africa and Asia to help yield more growth, Arabian Business reported.Majid A...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:41:07 GMT

1 airstrike in Syria, 14 in Iraq target ISIL - coalition

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Coalition military forces continued to attack ISIL terrorists in Syria using fighter aircraft to conduct an airstrike, the Combined Joint Task ...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:40:38 GMT

Omani USD120m theme park project to be set in 2017

(MENAFN) Omani biggest theme park project, which is worth USD120 million, is set for completion by 2017, according to the organizers, Arabian Business reported.Majarat Oman will be...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 08:18:40 GMT

Uruguay beat Morocco friendly

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Moroccan national football team lost to Uruguay 0-1 in the western coastal city of Agadir on Saturday night.Edinson Cavani turned a penalty...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:35:21 GMT

Kuwait-State allotments for citizens employed in private sector at KD 2.4 bln

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Secretary General of the Manpower and Government Restructuring Program (MGRP) Fauzi Al-MajdaliKUWAIT, March 29 (KUNA) - The State of Kuwait spe...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:33:19 GMT

Korean firm eyes generating USD275m after Mideast expansion

(MENAFN) Busan-headquartered South Korean securities exchange operator, Korea Exchange (KRX), is opting for further expansion with regard to its trading platform in Mena region, Gu...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:33:19 GMT

Kuwait-Kuwait underlines state's commitment to Syrian refugees - Zakat House

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Kuwait's affirmative response to the UN in hosting aid-pledging talks for a third year backs the UN decision to name the gulf nation a Humanita...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:27:23 GMT

Kuwait-Kuwait stocks close up

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Kuwait Stock Exchange (KSE) closed up on Sunday with all the three main indexes edging up, making up for sharp losses it sustained last wee...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:23:30 GMT

Kuwait-Minister of Defense receives China, Georgia, Brazil envoys

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defense Sheikh Khaled Al-Jarrah Al-Sabah received here on Sunday a number of ambassadors and tackled issu...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:17:01 GMT

Mexico-Arab Cultural Week in Mexico concludes

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Arab Cultural Week in Mexico, which began on March 22nd, concluded here Sunday with the participation of a number of Arab diplomats, includ...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:15:09 GMT

Qatari firms, Chinese Dongming sign transaction deal

(MENAFN) Chinese Shandong Dongming Petrochemical Group signed a transaction deal with Suhaim Bin Hamad Enterprise Group and Qattra Investment and Development Group (QID), The Penin...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 07:14:19 GMT

Arab, Islamic, Gulf body chiefs meet in Sharm El-Sheikh

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) SHARM EL-SHEIKH, Egypt, March 29 (KUNA) - The Secretary-Generals of the Arab League, OIC, GCC, and Arab Maghreb Union held a consultative meeti...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:58:10 GMT

Kuwait-Al-Safar tops triathlon "super sprint" event in Kuwait

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) By Fahad Al-Enizi KUWAIT, March 28 (KUNA) - Kuwait's Salman Al-Safar won the super sprint event, part of the first Kuwait international triathl...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:55:37 GMT

Kuwait-Kuwait's joining of "Decisive Storm" right move - Al-Khrinej

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) National Assembly's Deputy Speaker Mubarak Al-Khrinej hailed Kuwait's participation in the Saudi-led "Decisive Storm" military campaign on Hout...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:50:23 GMT

Russia-Terrorism, extremism threat Arab countries - Putin

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Russian President Vladimir Putin said Saturday extremism and terrorism were threatening security of many Arab countries.Many Arab countries are...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:47:29 GMT

Coalition aircraft pound Houthis' air defense, command ctrs

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) For the third straight day, the Saudi-led coalition aircraft bombed Houthi militias military target across Yemen, Brig.-Gen. Ahmad Asiri, advis...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:45:12 GMT

Iraq-Iraqi PM says ISIL poses threat to Islam

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar Al-Abadi said on Saturday that the ideology of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) is an existential th...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:43:06 GMT

Support to "Decisive Storm" dominates Arab Summit

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Support to the Saudi-led "Decisive Storm" military campaign on Houthi militias to halt their aggression on Yemeni people and constitutional ins...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:39:34 GMT

Turkey-Turkish relief body chief "profoundly grateful" for Kuwait's ongoing support of Syrians

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The head of a Turkish relief organization said he was "profoundly grateful" for Kuwait's consistent support of Syrian refugees, as it prepares ...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:36:19 GMT

Jimmy Carter Visits QF

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) US Former President and the president of The Carter Centre Jimmy Carter and his wife Rosalynn Carter paid today a visit to Qatar Foundation (QF) within...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:22:55 GMT

Sidra Backs Purple Day to Raise Epilepsy Awareness

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Sidra Medical and Research Center (Sidra) Thursday announced its support to Purple Day. Purple Day, observed March 26, bids to increase awareness on ep...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:22:23 GMT

Qatar and Burkina Faso Discuss Cultural Cooperation

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) HE the Minister of Culture, Arts and Heritage Dr. Hamad bin Abdul Aziz Al-Kuwari met here today with Minister of Culture and Tourism in the Republic of...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:21:52 GMT

HE Minister of Education Meets Student Delegations from Qatar and Japan

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) HE Minister of Education and Higher Education Dr. Mohammed Abdul Wahed Al Hammadi met Friday with student delegations from a Japanese school and a Qata...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:21:27 GMT

France-France goes to polls for 2nd round of local elections

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) French voters headed to the polls on Sunday for the in a runoff of local elections, a vote that was dominated a week ago by conservative and fa...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:19:01 GMT

Qatar National Library Launches Its New Branch at HBKU Student Center

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Qatar National Library (QNL), a member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, has launched its new branch in the Hamad B...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:18:41 GMT

Qatar Red Crescent to Distribute Medical, Food Assistance to Malian Refugees in Niger

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Under a memorandum of understanding (MoU) signed recently with the World Food Programme (WFP), Qatar Red Crescent (QRC) has received an in-kind grant i...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:17:28 GMT

Jordan-Jordan's PM calls for unifying Arabs to combat terrorism

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Jordan's Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour called Saturday for unification of Arabs to combat terrorism and counter racism, stressing that the Ara...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:16:29 GMT

SC Announces Reaching 1.2 Million Man-Hours Safety Mark at Al Wakrah Stadium

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) The Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy (SC) has reached a major milestone completing 1.2 million man-hours without lost time injury at Al-Wakrah...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:14:25 GMT

Kuwait-UNSC condemns Mogadishu hotel attack

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The UN Security Council strongly condemned on Saturday the deadly attack, perpetrated by Al-Shabaab on the Mecca Al-Mukarama hotel in Mogadishu...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:12:50 GMT

FIFA President: 'Qatar Takes its Responsibility as Host Seriously'

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) FIFA President Sepp Blatter has praised the positive outcomes of his recent meeting with HH the Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, adding: "It is cl...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:10:16 GMT

SC Welcomes FIFA's Decision in Relation to Timing of 2022 World Cup in Qatar

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) The Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy (SC) has welcomed the decision of FIFA's Executive Committee in relation to the timing of the 2022 World Cu...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:05:46 GMT

Al Arabi and Al Shamal Win in Qatar Stars League

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Al Arabi recorded a routing 1-0 victory over Al Shahaniya in the 22nd round of Qatar Stars League. Ashkan Dejajah clinched the only goal of the match i...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:05:18 GMT

Tunisia-World Social Forum concludes in Tunisia

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The 13th World Social Forum (WSF) came to a close here on Saturday night after discussing a range of political, social and cultural issues, not...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:01:33 GMT

Al Thawadi Welcomes End of Debate on Qatar 2022 Date

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Hassan Al Thawadi, head of the Qatar 2022 World Cup local organizing committee, has welcomed FIFA's decision to hold the 2022 World Cup in November and...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 05:00:33 GMT

Aspetar Celebrates Successful Partnership in 24th Men's Handball World Championship

(MENAFN - Qatar News Agency) Aspetar, one of the world's leading sport medicine hospital, celebrated the historic sporting achievement of Qatar during the Final of The 24th Men's H...

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 04:59:09 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

Luxembourg must diversify its economy and maintain a strong and resilient financial sector

Luxembourg weathered the global economic crisis well, but must take additional steps to foster the diversification of the economy while ensuring the continuing health of its financial sector, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 14:00:00 GMT

Promowanie dłuższej aktywności zawodowej jest niezbędnym warunkiem przyszłego dobrobytu w Polsce

Aby sprostać wyzwaniom związanym z szybkim starzeniem się społeczeństwa, Polska powinna zachęcać pracowników do dłuższej aktywności zawodowej. Według prognoz opublikowanych w nowym raporcie OECD, odsetek ludzi starszych (określony jako stosunek liczby osób powyżej 65 roku życia do liczby osób w wieku 20-64 lat) wzrośnie niemalże trzykrotnie z 22% w 2012 r. do 63% w 2050 r.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Promoting longer working lives is vital to improving Poland’s future prosperity

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help Poland meet the challenges of a rapidly ageing population. The percentage of old to younger groups (defined as share of over 65s to people aged 20-64) is projected to nearly triple from 22% in 2012 to 63% in 2050, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should enact reforms that allow the competitive parts of the farm sector to flourish

Switzerland should reduce trade barriers and limit the level of direct payments to farmers, as part of wider efforts to improve competitiveness of the agriculture sector, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 30 March 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 30 March 2015, assesses the country’s resilience, despite the current environment of sluggish global growth and high uncertainty. The Survey discusses how additional policy support can enable Sweden to maintain and improve the foundations for stronger future growth and ensure better integration of disadvantaged groups.

Thu, 26 Mar 2015 14:15:00 GMT

Indonesia should accelerate reforms and invest in human capital to ensure sustainable and inclusive growth

The Indonesian economy has enjoyed strong and stable growth over the past decade and a half, leading to impressive reductions in poverty and major improvements in living standards. But challenges remain to continue to converge towards higher-income countries, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia.

Wed, 25 Mar 2015 04:00:00 GMT

Greece should tackle not only domestic corruption but also foreign bribery

The risk of Greek companies bribing foreign officials is substantial, but Greece has not given the same priority to fighting foreign bribery as it has to domestic corruption.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 17:51:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia launches Wednesday 25 March 2015

The OECD Economic Survey of Indonesia, to be published on Wednesday 25 March 2015, assesses the policies behind the country’s strong performance and impressive reduction in poverty over the past decade. With growth moderating and income inequality on the rise, the Survey notes that the pace of reform must accelerate, to ensure inclusive and sustainable growth for all Indonesians.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 15:05:00 GMT

经合组织称,结构性改革可帮助中国稳步迈入增长放缓 但更具可持续性和包容性的“新常态”时代

经合组织最新的《中国经济调查》指出,在经济迅猛发展三十年之后,中国正转向增速放缓但更具可持续性的道路。当前需要深化改革,以确保日后实现具有韧性和包容性的绿色增长。经合组织预测中国的国内生产总值今年将增长7%,2016年将增长6.9%。

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 06:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can help China settle into a “new normal” era of slower, but more sustainable and inclusive growth

After three decades of extraordinary economic development, China is shifting to a slower and more sustainable growth path. Further reforms are now needed to ensure that future growth is resilient, inclusive and green, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 20 Mar 2015 06:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: March 2015

OECD Unit Labour Costs rise by 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Thu, 19 Mar 2015 17:56:00 GMT

OECD welcomes the European Commission Initiative on Tax Transparency

The OECD Secretary-General Gurría welcomed the announcement and congratulated the Commission for the work done. "The European Commission’s initiative is another major step to tackle corporate tax avoidance.

Wed, 18 Mar 2015 18:40:00 GMT

Low oil prices and monetary easing triggering modest acceleration of global recovery

Low oil prices and monetary easing are boosting growth in the world’s major economies, but the near-term pace of expansion remains modest, withabnormally low inflation and interest rates pointing to risks of financial instability, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Wed, 18 Mar 2015 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Greece launches Friday 20 March 2015

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a review of Greece’s efforts to fight foreign bribery on Friday 20 March 2015 at 11.00 CET.

Tue, 17 Mar 2015 15:03:00 GMT

International community continues making major progress to end tax evasion

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 9 new peer review reports, including a Phase 1 Supplementary Report for Switzerland, demonstrating continuing progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Mon, 16 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Better dementia care and a future cure require action today, says OECD

The current policy approach to tackling dementia is socially and economically unsustainable, according to a new OECD report. Countries need to take action now to improve the lives of people living with dementia and their carers, prioritise public research on dementia, and improve the incentives for private investment in dementia innovation.

Fri, 13 Mar 2015 10:04:00 GMT

OECD and Greece to cooperate on reforms needed to ensure inclusive growth

The OECD and Greece agreed today to work together on the design and implementation of the structural reforms needed to ensure inclusive and sustainable economic growth.

Thu, 12 Mar 2015 16:29:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Wednesday 18 March at 11:00 a.m.

Chief Economist Catherine L. Mann will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Wednesday 18 March at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Wed, 11 Mar 2015 14:13:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.9% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Wed, 11 Mar 2015 08:36:00 GMT

Latin America and the Caribbean: Tax revenues remain stable

Tax revenues in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have remained stable in 2013 and continue to be considerably lower, as a proportion of national incomes, than in most OECD countries.

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 18:30:00 GMT

Youth employment and regional development must rank as top priorities in Tunisia to secure stability and prosperity

Tunisia has made great strides since 2011 towards greater inclusivity and fairness in its political system, based on the rule of law, transparency and good governance.

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: March 2015

OECD unemployment rate at 7.0% in January 2015

Tue, 10 Mar 2015 09:48:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, March 2015

Composite leading indicators point to positive change in growth momentum in the euro area

Mon, 09 Mar 2015 17:21:00 GMT

Early gender gaps drive career choices and employment opportunities, says OECD

Education systems have made major strides to close gender gaps in student performance but girls and boys remain deeply divided in career choices, which are being made much earlier than commonly thought, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

New approach needed to tackle mental ill-health at work, says OECD

Health and employment services should intervene earlier, involve key stakeholders and ensure they work together in order to help people with mental-health issues find work and stay in a job, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Publicación del Informe de la OCDE Estadísticas Tributarias en América Latina y el Caribe 2015

El informe de este año examina las tendencias de ingresos fiscales de 1990 a 2013 en 20 economías latinoamericanas, con dos capítulos especiales. En el primero se considera una metodología alternativa para contabilizar los ingresos fiscales. En el segundo se exponen las tendencias de los ingresos procedentes de recursos naturales no renovables en países latinoamericanos.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:19:00 GMT

Release of OECD Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2015

This year’s report looks at tax revenue trends from 1990 to 2013 in 20 Latin American economies. A special chapter in the report considers alternatives to current accounting methods for government fiscal revenues. A second special chapter analyses trends in revenues from non-renewable natural resources in some Latin American countries.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:11:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 March 2015

Falling energy prices push OECD annual inflation down to 0.5% in January 2015

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 09:23:00 GMT

Spain needs to further factor the environment into its recovery agenda, says OECD

The OECD’s latest Environmental Performance Review of Spain finds the country has decreased the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, reduced industrial pollution and cut per-capita waste generation since 2000.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:02:00 GMT

España necesita integrar más el medio ambiente en su programa de recuperación económica, según la OCDE

La última Evaluación de la OCDE del desempeño ambiental de España concluye que, desde 2000, se ha reducido la intensidad de la economía en consumo de energía y carbono, ha descendido la contaminación industrial y se ha recortado la generación de residuos per cápita.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Latvia, OECD says

The Latvian economy is among the fastest-growing in the euro area, but continued reforms will promote a rapid and sustainable pace of convergence with upper-income countries while limiting the risk of repeated boom-and-bust cycles, according to the OECD Economic Survey of Latvia.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

The UK economy is doing well, but the job is not yet finished. Unleashing productivity is key to sustaining strong growth, says OECD

The United Kingdom’s economy is projected to expand this year and next, but challenges remain to boost productivity and make future growth more inclusive, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth slows marginally to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 16:05:00 GMT

Italia: Le riforme assicurano nuove prospettive per rilanciare la crescita e l’occupazione – OCSE

Cambiare il quadro politico-istituzionale in Italia è fondamentale per garantire che le ambiziose riforme in corso rilancino la crescita e aumentino la qualità della vita, secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Italy: Reforms open new prospects for growth and jobs – OECD

Changes to Italy’s political and institutional systems are crucial to ensuring the success of ambitious reforms currently underway to boost economic growth and raise living standards, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2015

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.1% in December 2014

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Ambitious reforms can create a growth path that is both strong and inclusive, OECD says

Determined and systemic action to implement a comprehensive reform agenda across a wide range of policy areas offers governments the best chance to boost weak demand, restore healthy economic growth, create jobs and ensure that the gains are broadly shared across society, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

OECD: “İddialı reformlar hem güçlü hem kapsayıcı bir büyüme süreci başlatabilir”

OECD’nin yayınladığı en son Büyümeye Geçiş raporuna göre kapsamlı bir reform gündemi doğrultusunda kararlı ve sistemli adımların atılması hükümetlere, zayıf talebi canlandırmak, sağlıklı ekonomik büyümeyi canlandırmak, iş olanakları yaratmak ve kazanımları toplumun her kesimine ulaştırmak için fırsatlar sunmaktadır.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2015

Composite leading indicators point to tentative signs of a positive change in growth momentum in the euro area

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 09:16:00 GMT

First steps towards implementation of OECD/G20 efforts against tax avoidance by multinationals

The agreed mandate authorises the formation of an ad-hoc negotiating group, open to participation from all states. The group will be hosted by the OECD and will hold its first meeting by July 2015, with an aim to conclude drafting by 31 December 2016.

Fri, 06 Feb 2015 16:42:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Belgium, OECD says

The Belgian economy has returned to growth and continues scoring well on broader measures of well-being, but further reforms will be needed to secure fiscal sustainability while promoting employment and competitiveness, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Belgium 2015.

Wed, 04 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 February 2015

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.1% in December 2014 reflecting sharp fall in energy prices

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:41:00 GMT

Reforms needed to boost productivity and accelerate convergence in Estonia, OECD says

The underlying strengths of the Estonian economy have helped it bounce back from the crisis, but some challenges remain to finding a steeper, more inclusive and more sustainable growth path, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Estonia.

Wed, 28 Jan 2015 14:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Kazakhstan – Signs Kazakhstan Country Programme Agreement

The OECD and the Government of Kazakhstan are signing today in Davos a Memorandum of Understanding on a two-year Country Programme, which will support an ambitious set of reforms of Kazakhstan’s policies and institutions.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate increases to 65.7% in third quarter of 2014

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 16:46:00 GMT

Success of education reforms threatened by lack of oversight, says OECD

Governments around the world are under growing pressure to improve their education systems. Rising spending is increasingly being matched by reforms to help disadvantaged children, invest in teachers and improve vocational training. But a widespread lack of evaluation of the impact of these reforms could hinder their effectiveness and hurt educational outcomes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

El éxito de las reformas educativas se ve amenazado por la falta de supervisión, declara la OCDE

Los gobiernos de todo el mundo se encuentran bajo una creciente presión de mejorar sus sistemas educativos. El aumento del gasto se acompaña cada vez más de reformas para ayudar a estudiantes desfavorecidos, invertir en la fuerza docente y mejorar la formación vocacional.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Japan can do more to encourage smooth transition of laid-off workers back into jobs, says OECD

Japan could help laid-off workers find a job more quickly by improving co-ordination between public employment services and companies, as well as ensuring that all workers benefit from adequate Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 11:22:00 GMT

Austria should set timeframe for 0.7% development aid target, says OECD

Austria should set a timeframe to increase its aid budget in line with a pledge to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) to development aid, according to an OECD Review.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Still too much variation in health care quality across Italian regions, says new OECD report

Italy has significantly improved the quality of health care in recent decades but needs to tackle the wide disparities that remain between regions, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Persistenti disparità regionali nella qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria tra le regioni italiane secondo il nuovo rapporto OCSE

L’Italia ha migliorato notevolmente la qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria negli ultimi decenni, ma deve affrontare le permanenti forti disparità che permangono tra le regioni, secondo un nuovo rapporto OCSE.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Colombia needs a comprehensive tax reform to boost investment and diversify the economy, OECD says

The Colombian economy has done remarkably well over the last decade, consistently ranking among the fastest-growing countries in Latin America, but a comprehensive tax reform that promotes investment and diversifies the economy is now needed to put the country on a path toward stronger, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Colombia.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 17:18:00 GMT

Presentación del Estudio Económico, lunes 19 de enero del 2015 en Bogotá

n el último Estudio Económico de Colombia de la OCDE, que se publicará el lunes 19 de enero del 2015, se analiza el desempeño del país durante la última década en materia de crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza, impulsado por el boom del petróleo y la minería y la solidez del marco monetario, fiscal y financiero.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 15:54:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: third quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2014

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Sun, 11 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Mexico has a unique opportunity to boost growth and share prosperity more widely, according to the OECD

Mexico now has the chance to dramatically boost growth rates and resume convergence of its living standards towards those of advanced economies, reduce pervasive labour market informality and drive down high rates of poverty and income inequality.

Thu, 08 Jan 2015 17:33:00 GMT

Gurría condemns deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine and sends condolences to President Hollande

Secretary-General Angel Gurría has sent a letter to President François Hollande expressing his condolences and those of all OECD staff following the attack that took place at the headquarters of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in Paris.

Wed, 07 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Norway has some good measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but significant weaknesses undermine overall effectiveness, says FATF

Norway has taken some good initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but needs to establish overarching policies and strategies, and address significant weaknesses in a number of key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:25:00 GMT

Argentina seriously non-compliant with key articles of Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery doubts Argentina’s commitment to fight foreign bribery. Argentina still has no law to punish companies for foreign bribery or prosecute its citizens who commit this crime abroad. Widespread delays continue to plague complex economic crime investigations.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs edge up to 0.2% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 09:58:00 GMT

UK should keep foreign aid at commendable 0.7% level, says OECD

The United Kingdom has done well to increase its development spending to 0.72% of gross national income despite a challenging budget climate and should strive to maintain that level of aid for the years ahead, according to a new OECD Review.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee says excess capacity and trade friction risks cloud industry outlook

Excess capacity in steel as growth in investment projects outpaces demand will pose risks for the sector for the foreseeable future, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Cape Town on 12 December 2014. The risk of trade conflicts in the industry also appears to have increased of late, they said, and Committee members discussed options for closer co-operation to try and prevent disputes.

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 16:54:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:37:00 GMT

Tax revenues rebounding from the crisis but tax mix varying widely, OECD says

Tax burdens and revenue collection in advanced economies are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis, but the tax mix continues varying widely across countries, according to new OECD research published today.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:24:00 GMT

International Anti-Corruption Day

As part of the International Anti-Corruption Day, the OECD has joined Member and Partner countries and other International Organisations in raising awareness about the costs and detrimental effects of corruption.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD unemployment rate at 7.2% in October 2014

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 16:26:00 GMT

Better education and skills are key to shift the economy up a gear, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

Latin America’s GDP growth rate has slowed down in 2014, dropping below 1.5%. This is the first time in a decade that the region grows less than the OECD average, according to the OECD Development Centre, the Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean and the development bank for Latin America. Given the projections in the past weeks, any recovery in 2015 is likely to be challenging.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 15:30:00 GMT

Inequality hurts economic growth, finds OECD research

Reducing income inequality would boost economic growth, according to new OECD analysis. This work finds that countries with lower income inequality grow faster than those with higher inequality.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 00:10:00 GMT

Economic stagnation compounds demographic pressure on pension systems, says OECD

Low growth, low interest rates and low returns on investment linked to the slow global economy are now compounding the problems of population ageing for both public and private pension systems, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, December 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued loss of growth momentum in Europe

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 09:29:00 GMT

Spain has strong measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing but improvements needed, says FATF

Spain has created a strong system to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but improvements are needed in certain key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 14:19:00 GMT

Assessing tax levels and the tax mix in OECD countries: Revenue Statistics 2014 and Consumption Tax Trends 2014 to launch on Wednesday 10 December 2014, 00:01 a.m. (CET)

Tax burdens and revenue collection across the OECD countries are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, the tax mix continues varying widely across the advanced economies.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 11:15:00 GMT

Inequalities in health and access to quality care persist in Europe, shows a new OECD/EC report

Today, Europeans enjoy a much longer life expectancy than the previous generation, but large inequalities in health remain across and within countries. These are largely due to disparities in access to and quality of care, as well as individual lifestyles and behaviours, according to a new joint OECD/European Commission report.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 10:01:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 December 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 1.7% in October 2014

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:48:00 GMT

Ireland focusing its development aid on neediest countries, says OECD

Ireland is one of the best performing donors when it comes to directing its development aid to the world’s neediest countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:00:00 GMT

Scale of international bribery laid bare by new OECD report

Most international bribes are paid by large companies, usually with the knowledge of senior management, according to new OECD analysis of the cost of foreign bribery and corruption.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

The Netherlands should do more to help workers with mental ill-health, says OECD

The Netherlands should increase support for workers suffering from mental health issues and their employers and tackle the continued social stigma and limited knowledge around such illnesses, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants

On the occasion of the OECD High Level Policy Forum on Migration taking place on December 1 and 2 2014, Secretary General Angel Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 12:39:00 GMT

Shifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD

The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría commends Greece’s reforms at meeting with Minister Skrekas

Meeting Greece’s Minister of Development and Competitiveness Mr. Kostas Skrekas today, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría said the Greek government’s reform programme was already showing positive results.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 15:26:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Most Asia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD

Countries in the Asia/Pacific region need to step up their efforts to give more people access to affordable, quality health care. Too many people, especially women, cannot get the medical treatment they need due to high costs, difficulties in getting permission to see a doctor or a lack of health care providers in rural areas, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Stronger policy response needed to avoid risks to growth, especially in the euro area, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

Modest global economic forecasts, continuing high unemployment, and downshifts in potential output,should spur governments with a greater sense of urgency to fully employ monetary, fiscal and structural policy levers to support growth, notably in Europe, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 08:43:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

On the cusp of a genuinely transformative agenda?

Four parallel but interrelated negotiation processes are currently underway in the multilateral sphere - on the post-2015 development agenda, on climate change, on an update of the women's agenda, and on financing for development. If all went well, there could be a unified, global agenda for sustainable development by December 2015. If not, the situation will continue to deteriorate.

Public-private partnerships and infrastructure

The popularity of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to support infrastructure development in emerging countries is growing worldwide. PPPs' new appeal may redefine not just development economics, but also the overall relationship between rich and poor countries - though not necessarily for the better.

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Effective support for climate change adaptation: Key tasks for the Green Climate Fund in 2015

<p>The Green Climate Fund (GCF) made significant progress in 2014. By the end of the year, donor governments had committed an initial US$10.2&nbsp;billion. Half of this sum will be devoted to adaptation, making the GCF the biggest multilateral adaptation finance institution in the world. The GCF&rsquo;s first decisions on use of the funds are due to be taken in late 2015, in the run-up to the 21st&nbsp;Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC&nbsp;COP21), to be held in Paris, France. This policy brief looks at some of the key issues facing the GCF for it to become established as an effective financier of adaptation activities, during this critical year and beyond.&nbsp;</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:48:24 GMT

Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report

<p>An overview of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report&nbsp;</p><p>The Synthesis Report (SYR) of the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) provides an overview of the state of knowledge concerning the science of climate change, emphasizing new results since the publication of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) in 2007. The SYR synthesises the main findings of the AR5 based on contributions from Working Group I (The Physical Science Basis), Working Group II (Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability) and Working Group III (Mitigation of&nbsp;Climate Change), plus two additional IPCC reports (Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation and Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation).</p><p>The AR5 SYR longer report is divided into four topics:</p><ul><li>Topic 1 (Observed Changes and their Causes) focuses on observational evidence for a changing climate, the impacts caused by this change and the human contributions to it.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 2 (Future Climate Changes, Risks and Impacts) assesses projections of future climate change and the resultant projected impacts and risks.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 3 (Future Pathways for Adaptation, Mitigation and Sustainable Development) considers adaptation and mitigation as complementary strategies for reducing and managing the risks of climate change.&nbsp;</li><li>Topic 4 (Adaptation and Mitigation) describes individual adaptation and mitigation options and policy approaches. It also addresses integrated responses that link mitigation and adaptation with other societal objectives.</li></ul><p>The challenges of understanding and managing risks and uncertainties are important themes in this report.&nbsp;</p><p>(Taken from authors)</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:39:31 GMT

WMO statement on the status of the global climate in 2014

<p><span style="line-height:1.6em">WMO&#39;s </span><span style="line-height:1.6em">series on the key climate events of 2014&nbsp;and an in-depth analysis of regional trends.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This 2014 series is&nbsp;part of a WMO drive to provide more information at regional and national levels to support adaptation to climate variability and change.&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">This Statement draws on data provided by leading global and regional climate centres and research institutes as well as National Meteorological and Hydrological Services.&nbsp;</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The Statement </span><span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;reports&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">that global-average sea-surface temperatures&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">for 2014 were warmer than for any previous&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">year on record. WMO discusses&nbsp;the need to maintain and even&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">strengthen ocean observing systems in&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">order to better understand sea-temperature&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">trends and their implications for long-term&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">climate change.</span></p><p>It&nbsp;also highlights&nbsp;extremes that&nbsp;occurred in 2014 at the national and regional&nbsp;levels. Europe, for example, was unusually&nbsp;warm, with 19 countries reporting record temperatures&nbsp;for the year. Severe flooding and flash&nbsp;floods occurred in many countries, particularly&nbsp;in the Balkans, South Asia, and parts of Africa&nbsp;and South and Central America.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

29 Mar 2015 06:18:43 GMT

Evaluating effectiveness of public support to business R&D in Turkey through concepts of input and output additionality

<p>This paper examines the impact of direct public support granted to business R&amp;D, not only on the R&amp;D expenditures of enterprises but also on the output of R&amp;D expenditures of these enterprises. The paper uses enterprise-level data for the Turkish economy over the period 2003-2006 and a semi-parametric matching technique.</p><p>Concerning input additionality effect, the document confirms the existence of such an effect over the period 2003-2005. On the other hand, due most likely to the short time span covered in the study, the analysis does not reveal any statistically significant output additionality effect.</p><p>Consequently, the authors present a number of policy recommendations:</p><ul><li>data covering a longer time span should be accessed and used to reproduce the quantitative analysis implemented in this paper</li><li>evaluation analyses should not be limited to the support programme examined in this paper but should be carried out for other major R&amp;D support schemes implemented&nbsp; in Turkey</li><li>it would be justified to estimate the additionality effect separately for small and large firms, or in different industries</li><li>qualitative as well as quantitative methods should be exploited to investigate other dimensions of the additionality issue</li><li>careful selection of appropriate evaluation and data collection methodologies have to be an integral part of the design stage of every new policy tool before it is implemented</li></ul>

28 Mar 2015 14:33:08 GMT

Food prices and political instability

<p>It is often claimed by policy makers and the media that increases in international food prices put at stake the intra-state stability of the world&#39;s poorest countries. This paper examines the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict. The paper constructs a country-specific food price index that is driven by the variation in the international food prices, for a panel of over 120 countries during the 1970&ndash;2007 period.</p><p>The document finds that in low income countries, increases in the international food prices lead to a significant deterioration of democratic institutions and a significant increase in the incidence of anti-government demonstrations, riots, and civil conflict. The authors highlight that this result is robust to different measures of democracy, time periods, and estimation strategies. On the other hand, in high income countries, it is found that variations in the international food prices have no significant effects on democratic institutions and measures of intra-state conflict.</p><p>All things considered, the document underlines that these results point to a significant externality of variations in international food prices on low income countries&#39; social and political stability. Thus, the authors ask what can and should be done by the developed world and international organisations in response to drastic increases in international food prices.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

27 Mar 2015 22:04:16 GMT

Review of Norad´s Assistance to gender mainstreaming in the energy and petroleum sector 2010-2014

<p>Background</p><p>A review of Norad&rsquo;s assistance to gender mainstreaming in the energy and petroleum sector through the framework agreement with ENERGIA was conducted by Norconsult in 2014. The purpose of the Framework Agreement (2010 &ndash; 2014) was to provide Norad with high quality technical support for gender mainstreaming in Norwegian support to the energy- and petroleum sectors.</p><p>Key findings</p><p>Through the framework agreement Norad has supported a variety of mechanisms for gender mainstreaming and the review found that they have had different degrees of success. Norad has for example successfully raised the visibility of gender issues in the energy sector through analytical work in several countries. In Nepal, Norad used the framework agreement to provide gender inputs to programme appraisals and the experience shows that they are the most strategic and effective when they feed directly into sectoral plans and programme appraisals to inform funding decisions. In Nepal, Mozambique and Ethiopia, Norad has provided advise in the development of gender action plans with technical support from ENERGIA. These plans have a practical approach and focus on operational measures. The report concludes that effective implementation of the action plans will require continued investments in capacity building and support to enable the gender focal points to implement the plans in the respective national energy institutions. The review also found that the demonstration projects developed and implemented through the framework agreement have had mixed results.</p><p>Recommendations</p><p>Norconsult concludes that the framework agreement has been achieved in so far as that through the agreement, ENERGIA was able to provide Norad with relevant and effective expertise on integrating gender equality in the clean energy and petroleum sectors. Capacity building on gender mainstreaming takes time. Finally, the report recommends strengthening the integration of gender equality and human rights in the petroleum sector, specifically. In many countries, this emerging sector represents both risks and opportunities to the affected population groups, with different impacts on women and men.&nbsp;</p>

27 Mar 2015 17:04:24 GMT

A Presentation of EnPe: The Norwegian Programme for Capacity Development in Higher Education and Research for Development within the fields of Energy and Petroleum (EnPe 2013-2019)

<p>The aim of the programme is to strengthen capacity of higher education institutions in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) to educate more and better qualified candidates, and to increase quality and quantity of research conducted by the countries&rsquo; own researchers.</p><p>Higher education and research are priority areas of Norway&rsquo;s development cooperation policy.</p><p>Norad believes that sound, strategic investments in higher education and research in low and middle income countries (LMICs) pay off in the form of strong academic institutions and their societal engagement.</p><p>Such investments have many benefits, not least that they contribute to development of their countries&rsquo; intellectual resources, competent workforces, visionary leaders, gender equality and human rights. In the long run it also contributes to evidence-based policies and decisions that enhance sustainable economic, social and environmental development in low and middle income countries.</p>

27 Mar 2015 16:47:33 GMT

DFID Review of Digital in Development Programmes

<p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The purpose of this review was to benchmark the UK Department for Internationa Development&#39;s&nbsp;activities on digital and to support the development of an overarching vision for digital work in their programmes.&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;It found that digital technologies can add value to their development interventions and help them to reach greater numbers of poor and marginalised people more quickly and cost-effectively. However, there are also significant barriers to success, scale and replication.</span></p><p>Key findings</p><ul><li>access to mobile/internet: Access to quality and affordable internet connection is a key barrier to success faced by the poorest and most marginalised. Access includes: infrastructure (electricity, mobile network, internet connectivity), affordability, digital literacy (relevance and ease of comprehension of content and delivery), and government level issues around regulation, intellectual property rights, standards and international co-operation</li><li>co-ordination and knowledge sharing: Despite significant investment in digital for development interventions, knowledge is not being systematically shared across sectors and between donors and partners. This risks not getting the best value for money or the most effective implementation through the reuse of successful interventions or common procurement. The lack of donor co-ordination in overcrowded sectors like mHealth could also be holding back sustainability and scale up</li><li>capability: The varying levels of knowledge and experience amongst DFID staff, delivery partners, governments and regulators in exploiting the benefits offered by digital is another key barrier to success. Issues include fear of risk, entrenched attitudes and behaviours, and misinformation</li></ul><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The report goes on to suggest a number of intitial practical steps and highlights some longer term actions for DFID&nbsp;in order to take advantage of the power of digital to have a bigger, faster and cheaper impact on the lives of poor people.</span></p>

27 Mar 2015 13:29:00 GMT

A Range of Approaches to Address Loss and Damage from Climate Change Impacts in Bangladesh

<p>Bangladesh is one of the countries most vulnerable to climate change, but has increasingly developed national capacity to address climate change impacts. Climate‐related hazards are expected to increase in frequency and intensity, however, and as such it is now becoming clear that adaptation will not be sufficient to avoid loss and damage caused by the adverse effects of climate change. At the global level the emergence and increasing prominence of loss and damage in the international climate negotiations is a result of the failure of both mitigation and adaptation efforts to minimise the impacts of climate change. While there is no universal definition of climate change it has been described as &ldquo;impacts on human systems, which are often channelled through the negative impacts of climate change on natural systems&rdquo; (UNFCCC, 2012a). The authors understand loss and damage to be current or future negative impacts of climate change that cannot be addressed by adaptation efforts. Loss can be thought of as irrecoverable negative impacts while damage can be characterised as those that can be recovered. In 2010, a work programme was created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to enhance understanding of loss and damage and the possible means to address it. The work programme has had the following three thematic areas: (1) Assessing the risk and current knowledge of loss and damage, (2) Exploring a range of approaches to address loss and damage, including impacts related to extreme weather events and slow onset event (3) Determining the role of the Convention, or the UNFCCC, in enhancing the implementation of approaches to address loss and damage. This technical paper addresses questions relating to thematic area 2. 2.</p><p>[Taken from source]</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:58:13 GMT

Loss and Damage to Ecosystem Services

<p>This working paper highlights loss and damage to ecosystems from climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (2014) indicates that adaptation options for ecosystems may be more limited than for human systems and consequently loss and damage both to ecosystems, and to ecosystem services, may be expected. The paper argues that ecosystem services underpin human livelihoods. It is therefore critical to better assess loss and damage to ecosystem services.</p><p>The paper assesses current and expected losses and damages to ecosystem services through a survey of the Working Group II Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change, and a detailed case study of the impact of glacial loss in Peru&rsquo;s Cordillera Blanca. Evidence for changes to services is seen in the different phases of hydrological shift of glacial melt. While the impact of other stressors resulting from human activity on ecosystem services need to be considered, greater focus is needed on the relationships between climate change, loss and damage, ecosystem services and human well-being. Ultimately efforts to protect ecosystem services may help build resilience in human livelihoods and minimize loss and damage.</p><p>The paper concludes that loss and damage in ecosystems services is an improved starting point for better understanding the feedbacks between changes in ecosystems and human wellbeing and on possibilities for adaptation. Social, technological and economic factors have the potential to buffer the impact of declining ecosystem services on human well-being. For example, increased use of bed nets could help overcome the impact of decreased natural regulation of malaria vectors due to changes in temperature or rainfall. It could be possible to create highland reservoirs to stabilize the cycle of seasonal runoff in Peru (Bradley et al., 2006). Behavioural adaptation could also take place.</p><p>The paper argues that fair and adequate policies should also be implemented to protect water rights, as there is likely to be an increasing reliance on mechanisms to capture and save water. Ultimately, minimizing loss to ecosystem services may provide a cost effective way to minimize loss and damage to human systems. Support for maintenance of ecosystem services should become a central focus of the Warsaw International Mechanism. This would help to reduce risks, build resilience and support human development.</p><p>[Adapted from source]</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:51:56 GMT

This Must Be the Place: Underrepresentation of Identity and Meaning in Climate Change Decision Making

<p>This paper draws on data from Pacific islands and the Arctic. It explains the implications of failing to account for social resilience. First, planning for adaptation is less likely to be effective if the values people hold are ignored. Communities in Alaska are contemplating wholesale relocation, but only some places and means of moving are acceptable. Second, people have fundamental rights in all legal systems to life and livelihood, and many of these protections are around property and place. The cultural impacts of climate change are going to be as important as the economic ones.</p>

27 Mar 2015 12:40:23 GMT

Trade liberalization and the skill composition of migrant flows: the case of morocco

<p>Several recent studies have investigated the relation between trade liberalisation and emigration in Morocco, without looking at the impact of trade liberalisation on skilled and unskilled migration. This paper investigates the effects of trade liberalisation on the skill composition of migrant flows in Morocco.</p><p>The paper illustrates that trade liberalisation will be problematic for an unskilled-labour abundant country like Morocco, if it gives incentives to skilled workers to move across borders. The author formulates a dynamic computable general equilibrium model that illustrates the transmission channels by which trade liberalisation affects local wages and migration incentives.</p><p>Using the Moroccan Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) of 2003, the results show that gradual liberalisation lowers rural wage, thus motivating rural migration. However, it improves the situation of skilled and unskilled workers in urban areas. Identically, the results show that both the free trade agreement with the European Union and multilateral liberalisation reduce skilled and unskilled migration flows, but is more pronounced in the multilateral case.</p><p>The document concludes that efforts should be pursued for additional liberalisation. In this respect, it demonstrates that with multilateral liberalisation, the economy grows more, stressing that the more the economy grows, the more migration flows are able to decrease.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

26 Mar 2015 22:16:21 GMT

Sustainable Development Goals must consider security, justice and inequality to achieve social justice

<p>Security and social justice have a crucial role to play in the newly proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The goals, which aim to establish a safe, sustainable and just society for all, require a truly transformative approach, one that places inclusivity, safety, equity and justice at the centre of a global pursuit for sustainable development. However, some United Nations (UN) member states are reluctant to securitise the sustainability agenda, and are advocating against their inclusion in the SDGs. The reality is that insecurity and inequality are at the crossroad of security and sustainability, making them significant issues to overcome.</p><p>This Policy Briefing argues that a reframing of security and justice around a social justice lens would create space to address the interlinkages between sustainability and security and justice.</p><p>Policy recommendations:</p><p>If the SDGs are to achieve their aim of establishing a safe, sustainable and just society for all, the post-2015 framework should place security, justice, and inequality at the centre of a global pursuit for sustainable development. Progress towards this could be achieved by:</p><ul><li>creating a new UN discourse around peace, security and justice, with security as an entitlement</li><li>developing a number of goals to address inequality and discrimination in terms of income redistribution, resource management and social, economic and political inclusion to address the underlying issues that drive</li><li>violence</li><li>establishing an objective that enables citizens to hold states accountable, by: securing rights to land and property for men and women; ensuring citizen participation in monitoring the effective provision of essential services such as healthcare, water and education; creating affordable and timely access to justice institutions and legal aid services</li></ul>

26 Mar 2015 16:08:10 GMT

Understanding the Rising Powers' contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals

<p>Rising powers such as Brazil, India and China have been criticised for being obstructive in the negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda. The start of the United Nations (UN) negotiations saw high expectations for the role of these countries in shaping the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This leadership has not materialised.</p><p>However, what appears to be a confrontational style of diplomacy is in fact an assertive affirmation of long-standing principles. Rapid and real progress is being made both in these countries&rsquo; national frameworks and their international commitments to making the SDGs a reality, and a more nuanced understanding of these countries&rsquo; positions in the post-2015 process is required.</p><p>Recommendations made by this Rapid Response brief:</p><ul> <li>global development policy is rapidly shifting. In a time of geopolitical uncertainty, the UN&rsquo;s continued ability to convene the world&rsquo;s countries around the table should be seen as a key opportunity for prospects of global peace and prosperity</li> <li>global policy processes are not always seen as the right fora for binding agreements, as evidenced by the China-US bilateral climate agreement. Cooperation through bilateral channels is one way to build and strengthen relations which can then serve to support processes like the SDGs and contribute to global prospects of economic, social and environmental development</li> <li>progress made through the SDG process towards greater equality in how global policy is shaped needs to be maintained and built upon, for example in relation to the long-overdue reform of the Bretton Woods institutions</li> <li>all countries need to recognise and respect the consensual process in which the proposed 17 goals and 169 targets were arrived at, and that these are aspirational goals which mark the starting point for a universal approach to sustainable development. Countries keen to downsize the 17 goals should be careful not to be seen as trying to steamroll other countries&rsquo; views</li> <li>the SDGs&rsquo; voluntary nature is considered key to ensuring the diversity of countries supporting them, and concerns around their achievability should be mitigated by evidence that a willingness to set ambitious goals is also representative of commitment</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

26 Mar 2015 16:01:25 GMT

Protection in crisis: forced migration and protection in a global era

<p>Many forced migrants now fall outside the recognized refugee and asylum apparatus. Much displacement today is driven by a combination of intrastate conflict, poor governance and political instability, environmental change, and resource scarcity. These conditions, while falling outside traditionally defined persecution, leave individuals highly vulnerable to danger and uncertain of the future, compelling them to leave their homes in search of greater security. In addition, the blurring of lines between voluntary and forced migration, as seen in mixed migration flows, together with the expansion of irregular migration, further complicates today&#39;s global displacement picture.</p><p>This report details the increasing mismatch between the legal and normative frameworks that define the existing protection regime and the contemporary patterns of forced displacement. It analyses contemporary drivers and emerging trends of population displacement, noting that the majority of forcibly displaced people&mdash;some 33.3 million&mdash;remain within their own countries, and that more than 50 percent of the displaced live in urban areas. The author then outlines and assesses key areas where the international protection system is under the most pressure, and finally examines the key implications of these trends for policymakers and the international community, outlining some possible policy directions for reform.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

26 Mar 2015 11:43:18 GMT

Taking Africa’s irregular migrants into account: trends, challenges and policy options

<p>A migrant is considered as irregular when he does not meet the immigration laws&rsquo; requirements while entering, residing or working in a given transit or receiving country.</p><p>African migrants (both regular and irregular) essentially move within sub-regions, from small, island, landlocked and conflict-affected countries to coastal areas, in search for job opportunities and security. Out of the African regular migrants, 55% migrate within the continent, which is the most important South-South migration flow after Asia according to the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations (2013). This paper investigates pending but key issues of contemporary irregular migration flows and stocks in Africa.</p>

26 Mar 2015 11:06:19 GMT

Where next for social protection?

<p>The rapid ascendancy of social protection up the development policy agenda in the past ten to 15 years raises questions about whether its current prominence will be sustained, or whether it will turn out to be just another development fad that declines and ultimately disappears.</p><p>If social protection does remain high on the agenda, what trajectory will it follow, which actors will drive it forward and what will be the main issues and challenges it faces? This report is based on a project attempted to find some answers, under the broad question: Where next for social protection? The project used a variety of methods and tools to draw out a range of views on possible future trajectories for social protection as a policy domain in low-income and middle-income countries.</p><p>Among many issues that are expected to dominate debates in the next phase of social protection&rsquo;s evolution, five stood out:</p><ul><li>donor agencies and some governments are becoming preoccupied with building national systems for social protection, though this requires adequate capacity, which is often lacking, as well as coordination between development partners.</li><li>the challenge of fiscal affordability remains a major barrier to the expansion of social protection, especially in low-income countries</li></ul><p>with high levels of poverty and vulnerability but a low tax base</p><ul><li>work is urgently needed to improve the understanding of political processes around social protection policy, including the roles of civil society and social accountability mechanisms and the challenge of delivering social protection in fragile states, given that much attention has focused on &lsquo;building the evidence base&rsquo; and not enough on understanding the political drivers that result in social protection being either adopted or resisted by governments</li><li>there is a drive towards strengthening linkages with labour markets, firstly by enhancing access to employment opportunities through social protection, secondly by extending social insurance to the informal sector, thirdly by replicating &lsquo;graduation&rsquo; programmes that deliver packages of social protection plus livelihood support to move people out of poverty</li><li>despite its rapid rise as a development policy agenda, actual coverage of social protection programmes remains very low, especially in low-income regions like sub-Saharan Africa, and much more investment and advocacy are needed to reach those who are currently excluded</li></ul>

26 Mar 2015 09:59:47 GMT

Oil prices and stock markets: what drives what in the Gulf Corporation Council countries?

<p>In theory, the value of stock is equal to the discounted sum of expected future cash-flows, yet corporate cash-flows are affected by macroeconomic events that can be influenced by oil price variations. The present article examines the causal links between stock market returns and oil price fluctuations, focusing on GCC countries as a case study.</p><p>The paper states that most GCC member countries are major net oil-exporters, and their economies are excessively dependent on oil prices. Consequently, the authors reveal that models with oil price changes as a factor of risk provide better forecasts of stock returns. Accordingly, investors in the GCC stock markets should keep an eye on changes in oil prices because these changes significantly affect stock returns.</p><p>On the other hand, the document finds strong statistical evidence that the causal relationship between oil prices and stock markets is consistently bi-directional for Saudi Arabia. Therefore, investors in world oil markets should look at changes in the Saudi stock market because these changes significantly affect oil prices.</p><p>Still, the paper highlights that the link between oil and stock markets in GCC countries can be expected to vary across different economic sectors; a sectoral analysis of this link would be informative.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Mar 2015 22:30:16 GMT

Building a state that works for women: integrating gender into post-conflict state building

<p>What role do women play in statebuilding? How do statebuilding processes affect women&#39;s participation? Support for statebuilding has become the dominant model for international engagement in post-conflict contexts, yet donor approaches lack substantial gender analysis and are missing opportunities to promote gender equality.</p><p>This FRIDE working paper presents the findings from a project that was carried out from 2009-2011 entitled &ldquo;Strengthening women&rsquo;s citizenship in the context of state buidling&rdquo;. The&nbsp;project involved case studies in Burundi, Guatemala, Kosovo, Sierra Leone and Sudan. Research was conducted at capital and local level and with a broad range of government, civil society and community stakeholders, as well as with donor representatives.</p><p>The paper argues that gender inequalities are linked to the underlying political settlement, and that donors must therefore address gender as a fundamentally political issue. The&nbsp;findings demonstrate that state building processes do offer important opportunities to strengthen women&rsquo;s citizenship. However, they also show that political and traditional elites often fiercely oppose such improvements in women&rsquo;s rights and political participation. Critically, the findings suggest that donors are not taking full advantage of opportunities to promote gender equality within the political, institutional and social change processes that follow conflict.&nbsp;</p><p>[adapted from source]</p>

25 Mar 2015 21:57:18 GMT

Women engaging politically: beyond magic bullets and motorways

<p>This policy paper by Mariz Tadros, adopts an upside-down approach to women&rsquo;s political empowerment. While the number of women we need to get into legislatures has often assumed centrestage, this paper takes women&rsquo;s pathways as its starting point.&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">In so doing, it challenges the narrow conception of women&rsquo;s political engagement as occupying formal positions and seeks to present a more nuanced perspective on the spaces, relationships and ways of working that influence power hierarchies and dynamics.</span></p><p>The paper&rsquo;s aims are two-fold. First, through a multi-country case study, it explores the possibilities and limitations of mainstream approaches such as quotas to strengthening women&rsquo;s access to political power. Second, it seeks to broaden the debate by practically engaging with the question of how we can support women&rsquo;s political leadership in ways that speak to women&rsquo;s realities in very concrete ways.</p>

25 Mar 2015 21:46:47 GMT

Commodity price volatility and the sources of growth

<p>Countries specialised in the export of just a few primary products are usually exposed to substantial commodity price volatility and suffer from a high degree of macroeconomic instability. The central message of this paper is that the volatility of commodity prices and export revenues should be considered in the growth analysis alongside the levels of resource revenues and other determinants of output per capita.</p><p>The document examines empirically the effects of commodity price booms and terms of trade volatility on GDP per capita growth and its sources, using two econometric techniques and utilising a panel dataset of 118 countries. The authors demonstrates that while the resource curse hypothesis postulates a negative effect of resource abundance on output growth, the results show the contrary: commodity terms of trade growth seems to impact the primary-product exporters positively.</p><p>Identically, the paper underlines the negative impact of commodity terms of trade volatility on economic growth, pointing that it is larger than the growth enhancing effects of commodity booms. Thus, the authors argue that volatility, rather than abundance per se, drives the resource curse paradox.</p><p>Overall, suggested growth enhancing policies include:</p><ul><li>improving the functioning of financial markets</li><li>diversifying the production structure away from a small set of commodities</li><li>pegging the exchange rate to the price of a main export commodity</li><li>establishing Sovereign Wealth Funds to act as stabilisation reserves</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Mar 2015 08:55:41 GMT

The use of ICTs to express public outrage in Nigeria over child marriage

<p>Is public opposition to child marriage in Nigeria increasing?<br /><br />Despite the Nigerian Senate passing a law criminalising child marriage in 2003, only 24 of the 36 states have adopted the law. This concise paper, written by John Dada of the Fantsuam Foundation, concerns the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) by civil society to express outrage in Nigeria over the practice of child marriage.<br /><br />The challenges faced by activists are considerable when one considers how entrenched the practice of child marriage is in Nigeria. For instance, the Senate could not muster the number of votes needed to expunge a clause in the 1999 constitution that assumes that any woman who is married is also an adult, something opponents take as an endorsement of child brides. Furthermore, recent protests erupted regarding the case of Senator Ahmed Sani Yarima, divorced his wife in 2010 whom he had married when she was 15, before proceeding to marry a 13 year old girl.<br /><br />Such actions have led to widespread condemnation by the Nigerian press, websites, magazines, bloggers and the electronic media, which transmitted citizens&rsquo; concerns. The Women Empowerment and Legal Aid (WELA) initiative called for the prosecution of Senator Yerima, while significant former women ministers called publicly for the removal of the offensive constitutional clause. This was indicative of a wider trend, with the author noting that women were generally the most vocal on this issue.<br /><br />In the end, several kinds of ICTs were mobilised to keep the issue in the public domain long enough to force a back down by the Nigerian Senate. Yet these instances highlight the underlying gender inequalities that, despite numerous declarations and agreements (Nigeria was one of the first African countries to ratify CEDAW), continue to impact women in Nigeria today.<br /><br />There is a need to work closely with civil society groups whose focus is on women&rsquo;s rights to raise public awareness regarding the non-domestication of CEDAW, as well as that of the Convention on the Rights of the Child through the Child Rights Act, which has yet to be endorsed by some Nigerian states.<br /><br />Finally, the paper urges sustained and coordinated action by civil society to monitor and evaluate the Nigerian Government&rsquo;s proposed bill regarding online surveillance powers to ensure that ICTs can continue to function as a medium for open public discourse and organisation.</p>

25 Mar 2015 02:26:15 GMT

Policy brief on gender equity and empowerment towards achieving the MDGs

<p>In reaction to various international conventions and covenants on women&rsquo;s equality, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Nigerian governments have undertaken legislative and administrative reforms to address multiple aspects of gender inequality. Despite this, women&rsquo;s progress has been painfully slow, with Nigerian women still facing enormous obstacles; women still only hold 3% representation in national government, and constitute 65% of Nigeria&rsquo;s population living under the poverty line.<br /><br />In 2012, the Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) of Nigeria produced this policy brief on the topic of gender equity and empowerment towards achieving the MDGs. With the MDG indicators as guide, this policy brief assess the efforts put in place to reach the targets, and some of the debilitating obstacles encountered.<br /><br />First, the brief outlines the systematic discrimination still apparent across a number of issues: poverty and economics; violence against women; human rights; democratic governance; and HIV/AIDS. Next, the brief examines some of the existing gender policies in place, including the National Gender Policy introduced in 2007. Each of the objectives, targets, and subsequent progress of this policy are examined, before the outcomes of the Women&#39;s Fund for Economic Empowerment are discussed.<br /><br />Some challenges and opportunities are then identified, before the brief makes a number of policy recommendations:</p><ul><li>There is a need to mitigate the abysmal performance of women in the outcome of the 2011 polls. It is a matter of social justice that the massive support and unprecedented participation of women in the electoral process be rewarded with appointments in critical numbers and in strategic positions</li><li>Gender-sensitive governance reforms are required that will make all elected officials more effective at promoting gender equality in public policy, and in ensuring their implementation.</li><li>More resources are needed and strategies and programmes must be targeted to women in particular if the MDG goal to reverse and halt the spread of HIV/AIDS is to be reached; gender equity and women empowerment are fundamental to reducing women&#39;s vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.</li><li>Gender budgeting can help countries to pinpoint policies needed to reduce gender disparities, involving the systematic examination of budget programmes and policies for their impact on women.</li></ul><p><br />The brief concludes that the effect of low visibility for women, and the absence of some of the male gender champions occupying the leadership structures and operational committees of the Nigerian legislature, accounts in part for the deficit in gender sensitive law making and the huge challenge of getting germane gender laws passed &ndash; even where they are introduced and enjoy wide public support. In practical terms, the small number of female legislators, women advocates and male gender champions relative to the size of the legislature makes it difficult to advocate for the enactment of gender responsive laws or the repeal or amendment of laws that allow for the systemic violations of women&#39;s rights to dignity and opportunities.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

25 Mar 2015 02:17:48 GMT

Challenges to women active participation in politics in Nigeria

<p>The poor participation of women in politics and governance has been a major concern at the global level. In Nigeria, the number of women participating in politics is not proportionate to the 50% of the nation&rsquo;s population which they represent, and has not translated into equal representation in political leadership positions. Rising global focus on issues of gender equality, aided by calls such as that of goal three of the Millennium Development Goals, is bridging the gap created by long-term discriminations against women, and helping to make women more visible in politics. In this context, Nigeria has recognised women in the political sphere, and included them in both appointive and elective positions.<br /><br />Yet, the poor participation of women in Nigerian politics persists, and the number of women in political positions is growing at a slow rate despite efforts to accelerate the trend. This paper examines the challenges Nigerian women still face to actively participate in politics, such as: discriminatory socio-cultural and religious practices; insufficient financial resources; the under-representation of women in governance; an unhealthy political environment; political party discrimination; false perceptions of women in politics; lack of support from family, fellow women, and the media; and the indigenisation of women political aspirants.</p><p>The paper recommends measures to guarantee women active participation in politics in Nigeria, including a review of discriminatory practices; economic empowerment; support from family, fellow women and media; equal representation in governance; a healthy political environment; and efforts to correct negative and stereotyped views of women politicians.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

25 Mar 2015 02:07:10 GMT

Women and political participation: toward attainment of 35% affirmative action and obstacles to the women participation in Nigerian politics and decision making process

<p>Women&rsquo;s political participation in Nigeria is an issue of concern, with a continuing record of women&#39;s underrepresentation in both elective and appointive positions. However, several efforts have been made by both government and non-governmental organisations to increase the level of women&#39;s participation in politics through affirmative action. This paper, published in the Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Science, examined these efforts and the obstacles facing women in political participation.<br /><br />As previous literature has shown, women&rsquo;s political participation trends have witnessed a drastic change after the reintroduction of democracy from 1999-2011. This was due to the efforts made by government and non-governmental organisations towards the attainment of mandated 35% affirmative actions. However, despite the increasing number of women in both elective and appointive positions from 1999-2011, it has been observed that women are still marginalised, considering the disparity in the proportion of men to women in political and decision-making positions.<br /><br />The authors found that factors such as socio-economic, ecological, cultural practice, political violence, illiteracy among women, and the contradictory nature of government policies has led to a lower level of women&#39;s political participation, and these factors consequently become an obstacle to the full realisation of 35% affirmative action in the Nigerian political system.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

25 Mar 2015 01:59:11 GMT

The dynamics of women's political emancipation and political participation in Nigeria

<p>The role of women in the organisation of society and, more importantly, government cannot be underestimated. Throughout history, women have contributed significantly to the socio-economic and political developments of their countries, and have brought dynamism to the changing global environment. However, the feat achieved by women in the development of ancient pre-colonial Nigeria was disarticulated by the advent of colonialism laced with gender oppression and exploitation, accompanied by cultural/traditional practices, marital injunctions and religious doctrines that all disempowered women from participating in public decision making processes.<br /><br />This is the context presented by way of introduction in this essay, published in the Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, which examines the dynamics of women&rsquo;s political emancipation and political participation in Nigeria. The author argues, using empirical data and analysis, that political movements, activism and various affirmative actions aimed at eradicating all forms of discrimination against women have contributed toward the liberation of Nigerian women from political seclusion.<br /><br />The paper concludes that the Nigerian government needs to encourage women by institutionalising affirmative actions against women&rsquo;s political marginalisation and inequality. Policies should encourage political parties to entrench in their constitutions and manifestoes quota systems that reserve a certain percentage of elective positions for women at all levels, including the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeriacolo, and be made justiciable if breached by concerned parties.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 23:27:35 GMT

Economic governance: African Women's Engagement in Trade Agreements

<p>How are trade agreements formulated, and who exactly is involved in the negotiation processes? These are the questions addressed in this short documentary, produced by FEMNET with support from Trust Africa. It highlights some of the challenges African women traders experience (especially Kenya, Egypt, Zambia, Rwanda &amp; Uganda), and captures some the best practices that gender lobby groups or governments at regional and national levels are using to successfully mainstream gender in trade arrangements. It also discusses the gaps that hinder the mainstreaming of gender in trade agreements.<br /><br />The Common Market for Eastern Southern Africa (COMESA), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), and the American Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA) are some of the trade agreements signed by African nations to help facilitate regional and global trade. When one looks at who is involved in agreements such as these, it is clear that there are very few women&rsquo;s voices in negotiations. The arguments are gender blind, because they do not address women&rsquo;s needs. The lack of focus on the informal sector and small-traders in AGOA, for instance, disproportionately impacts women&rsquo;s opportunities.<br /><br />Lack of information and accessibility to trade opportunities hinders women&rsquo;s participation in cross-border trades, with associated fees beyond the means of many women traders. Other challenges include the logistic costs of cross-border trade, and the lack of financial capital available to women. Women-focused conventions and finance mechanisms can help, but they need to be well communicated to women traders. Providing opportunities for home- or village-scale cottage industries, and protecting their intellectual property, is also important, and can directly contribute to reducing poverty. The documentary concludes by saying that women have to be active participants in economic and trade agreements and mechanisms.</p>

24 Mar 2015 23:16:29 GMT

Women's rights and the post-2015 development framework: an advocacy guide

<p>This Womankind Worldwide advocacy guide is aimed towards all those working to ensure women&rsquo;s rights and gender equality are central to the outcomes of the negotiations on the post-2015 development framework, including women&rsquo;s rights and civil society organisations.<br /><br />The guide contains information on why post-2015 is important for women&rsquo;s rights and gender equality, reviewing the impact of the Millenium Development Goals and emphasising the need to continue progress. The post-2015 process is then discussed, tracing the story so far and providing details on the ongoing consultation processes. This is followed by an overview of the current debate on post-2015 and gender, including the current consensus on the need to include a stand-alone gender goal, and warning against complacency.<br /><br />The guide goes on to explain how to create an organisational strategy and position paper. The document covers various important aspects such as determining priorities, placing those aims within a wider context, framing arguments within rights-based and context-specific frameworks, and building on the work of others. Finally, strategy is discussed in terms of who to influence and how, as well as planning, alliance building, activities, and lobbying.<br /><br />By way of annexes, the guide includes background papers and contacts, information about the member states represented in the Open Working Group, and an example position paper by Womankind Worldwide on women&rsquo;s rights and gender equality in the post-2015 framework. The guide directly builds on, and should be used in conjunction with, Womankind Worldwide&rsquo;s existing Women&rsquo;s Rights Advocacy Toolkit, which can be found at www.womankind.org.uk.</p>

24 Mar 2015 22:55:23 GMT

Women's participation in elections across Africa 2012

<p>The Make Every Woman Count (MEWC) Political Participation and Election Monitoring Team was formed in order to provide deeper analysis of women&rsquo;s participation in politics and elections in Africa. In 2012, they published this report reviewing all of the major national and regional elections that occurred in Africa that year, seeking to provide an overview of the role of women in elections across Africa by focusing on women&rsquo;s political participation as well as female candidates vying for public office (both before and after the elections have taken place).<br /><br />The report also aims to provide an analysis of women&rsquo;s participation in African politics so as to help fill the void in election reporting in the international development field. By incorporating a range of perspectives and sources to reveal achievements and obstacles to women&rsquo;s political empowerment, MEWC hopes to provide a platform for feminist views and voices of parties and voters from across Africa&rsquo;s social, economic and public life.<br /><br />The report contains profiles for each of the 18 national and regional elections across Africa in 2012. While the organisation saw a significant increase in women&rsquo;s political representation in some cases , there were also several notable setbacks. For instance, in neither Ghana nor Guinea Bissau were there any female candidates, nor on the final presidential ballots in Egypt. However, that is not to say that women&rsquo;s issues were absent; in Guinea Bissau, representatives of seven out of the nine presidential candidates signed the Political Declaration on gender equality and women&rsquo;s human rights prepared by the Women&rsquo;s Political Platform.<br /><br />Meanwhile, gender quotas have been increasingly used as a tool for increasing gender equity in political representation. Algeria became the first and only Arab country where women hold more than 30% of the seats in the parliament; a huge victory for women in that region.<br /><br />The report concludes that there is evidence to show how female participation significantly helps to increase the crucial culture of plurality in the post-conflict political process. Additionally, the authors note that sustainable democratic development is incomplete and impossible without the full inclusion and integration of women in all aspects of a nation&rsquo;s culture and society.&nbsp;</p>

24 Mar 2015 22:46:30 GMT

Third Regional Conference on African Women in Political Leadership

<p>Since 2009, FEMNET has convened an annual Regional Conference for African Women in Political Leadership to enhance networking and the quality of women&rsquo;s leadership. This report documents the proceedings of the third such conference, held in Nairobi at the end of August 2011, which convened 65 participants from across 15 countries (Kenya, Zambia, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, Egypt, Cameroon, Uganda, Zimbabwe, DRC, Rwanda, United Republic of Tanzania, Sierra Leone, and Tunisia). All of these countries were had general elections in 2010&ndash;2012.<br /><br />The conference had three main objectives: conceptualise a funding framework for women in politics and governance; deliberate support mechanisms for women in politics at national, regional and international levels; and share best practices and attempts to influence the culture and agenda-setting practices in institutions of democracy, such as parliaments and local government.<br /><br />The Conference combined expert panel presentations, plenary and group discussions, a public forum discussing issues pertinent to women&rsquo;s leadership, specifically on issues around the African Women&rsquo;s Decade (2010&ndash;2020), and more.&nbsp;Among the topics discussed were:</p><ul><li>Women leaders&rsquo; influence on the functionings of parliament, the tendency for parliamentary procedures to discriminate against women, and cross-country experiences shared by attending women MPs.</li><li>The African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance, and how this instrument comprehensively outlines the African Union&rsquo;s commitment to the consolidation of democratic governance as well as enshrining gender equality principles.</li><li>Networking, in terms of its ability to enhance performance, along with some of its challenges. It emerged that effective regional and global networks can provide crucial support to women in politics.</li><li>Women from different generations in political leadership roles; the conference proposed that FEMNET create an inter-generational dialogue and network for women in political leadership.</li><li>The need for complementarity, as well as the need to embrace the values of diversity and tolerance between young and older women.</li></ul><p>The conference also reviewed, and made inputs to, the Proposed Framework of the African Women&rsquo;s Democracy Fund, and heard an insightful account of the experience of the Nigeria Women&rsquo;s Fund. Finally, the conference resolved to form a Working Group to fine-tune the Proposed Framework, and FEMNET was urged to continue to play a facilitative and catalytic role for the establishment of the Fund, including facilitating the Working Group.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 22:17:50 GMT

Politics, equality and voice

<p>Pathways of Women&rsquo;s Empowerment links academics, activists and practitioners who are working to advance women&rsquo;s empowerment through local, regional and global policy processes, thus allowing policy actors, researchers and civil society organisations to engage in dialogue collaboratively.<br /><br />Four common themes have emerged through this work in relation to women&rsquo;s empowerment and the diversity of pathways women take on their road to empowerment:&nbsp;empowerment and women&rsquo;s work;&nbsp;politics, equality and voice;&nbsp;women, representation and sexuality; and&nbsp;understanding and evolving empowerment.&nbsp;These themes form the basis for education and learning within this online platform, and have been developed into four different study modules.<br /><br />This particular module - Politics, Equality and Voice - explores factors which enable or constrain women from participating in politics. Case studies provide multiple examples of women who have been successful in engaging with politics and women&rsquo;s rights in three different countries and contexts: post-conflict politics in Sierra Leone, gender-related law reform in Egypt, and participation in local politics in Ghana.<br /><br />The module examines ways that greater fairness for women participating in politics can be achieved, highlights what it takes to successfully build a political structure committed to gender equality and justice, and details what is needed in order to hold those who make commitments for gender equality and justice to account.<br /><br />There are many layers to female political participation, but a conclusive finding showed that there needs to be a broader focus on transforming the landscape of opportunities women have access to, while addressing restrictions in politics, the economy, and society. The module contains a wide range of resources and activities, including interactive comics, films, infographics, timelines, photo galleries and age appropriate texts.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 22:07:59 GMT

Pathways of women's empowerment: building constituencies

<p>This thematic portal examines how women engage with policy change, and the building of alliances and coalitions, to bring about accountability. It also contains information on how to create demand for, and dismantle obstacles to, women&rsquo;s empowerment; and how to institutionalise and legitimise women&rsquo;s empowerment in the policies, actions and populations of these institutions.<br /><br />The following five research projects are featured:</p><ul><li>Legal reform and feminist activism: regards reforms that have been taking place in Egyptian personal status laws since 2000. The study aims to examine the unfolding reform story and what it entailed in terms of successes and challenges for women&#39;s rights activists in their pursuit of justice and equality in marriage and divorce rights, and family courts.</li><li>Domestic violence legislation: this project investigated women&#39;s struggles and pathways for the implementation and monitoring of public policies addressing violence against women in Brazil.</li><li>Women and local governance in Sierra Leone: this study aimed to illuminate the pathways of women&#39;s political empowerment, the relationship between political participation and change, and interrogate the effectiveness of the decentralisation commission in empowering women.</li><li>Mobilising for women&rsquo;s rights and the role of resources: this project concerned the significance and impact of official external financing for women&rsquo;s organising at global, regional and national levels. It used participatory methods of critical reflection involving both donor staff and representatives of women&rsquo;s rights organisations and networks in Bangladesh and Ghana as well as at regional and global levels.<br />&nbsp;</li></ul>

24 Mar 2015 22:01:34 GMT

Shaping our collective futures: the Africa we want

<p>In 50 years, what kind of Africa can we envision, and then proceed to achieve? What are the non-negotiables? What agenda will see a true transformation of the world in which we live? What factors will enable us to not simply survive, but to thrive? This seventh edition of the African Women&#39;s Journal seeks to address these questions and more, featuring six articles examining different aspects of Africa&rsquo;s development, past and future, within the context of global negotiations to replace the development paradigm of the last 15 years: the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).<br /><br />The editorial to this edition, written by Nebila Abdulmelik, contextualises the issue with an introduction to the current state of affairs. With the approaching expiration of the MDGs, the development of the Sustainable Development Goals, and the African vision of their own long-term development ambitions, dubbed &lsquo;Agenda 2063&rsquo;. Following this, Dinah Musindarwezo contributes the foreword, briefly outlining the non-negotiable nature of human rights, equality, rule of law, and accountability, as well as calling for both a stand-alone gender goal and cross-cutting gender mainstreaming to be present in the post-2015 development agreement.<br /><br />The featured authors and articles are: an historical account by Camalita, who takes us back 100 years to the Silent struggles of South African women that still persist today; Kizito making the case for the critical importance of a free, gender-sensitive media to advance gender equality and human and social development; Sian exploring the body as political, and as a weapon in the struggle for women&rsquo;s rights in Zimbabwe, arguing that repression of women and their rights has (ironically) led to alternative social movements or resistance; Gbenga taking a look at whether or not inclusive education using information, communication technologies (ICTs) is a reality or a myth for students with disabilities in Nigeria; Nelly, who takes a look at Agenda 2063 and what factors would ensure that it lays the groundwork for an integrated, prosperous and influential Africa; and Botlhalhe, who addresses emerging post-2015 development agenda.</p><p>[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 21:51:03 GMT

Confidence, capacity, connections: a young woman's guide to leadership

<p>Civic and political engagement can be a daunting challenge, particularly for young women. This guide is designed for a wide range of young women, be they a member of an established organisation or association, an aspiring politician, an individual with a project idea, or someone struggling to balance many roles and responsibilities in their life. The aim is to provide young women with the basic tools necessary to start taking action in their community on the issues that matter most.<br /><br />The ideas and strategies offered in this guide were developed from the advice and experiences of 25 young women activists from Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia who were a part of the &ldquo;Youth of Today, Leaders of Tomorrow&rdquo; initiative, a year-long programme focused on community engagement, networking and peer mentoring. Their ideas are combined with best practices and recommendations from the National Democratic Institute&rsquo;s work with women leaders around the world. The guide includes a series of exercises, questions, and reflections.<br /><br />Focusing on building confidence, enhancing capacity and making connections, this guide aims to help participants assess where they are, identify where they want to be, and help them create a personal roadmap to develop leadership potential. The publication is structured into three main sections:&nbsp;building the confidence to participate, including time management and the types and realities of leadership;&nbsp;enhancing capacities to lead, including project planning and fund raising; and&nbsp;making connections to succeed, which looks at collaboration and networking.&nbsp;An appendix to the guide contains a set of recommended resources, as well as tools and templates.<br /><br />[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 21:38:24 GMT

Transformative leadership for women’s rights: an Oxfam guide

<p>As part of its commitments to promoting gender justice, Oxfam invests in an approach called &lsquo;Transformative Leadership for Women&rsquo;s Rights&rsquo; (TLWR), a form of leadership which promotes gender justice by advancing women&rsquo;s participation and leadership. This guidebook has been produced to demonstrate how Oxfam applies TLWR in its programmes and organisation, to explore what distinguishes transformative leadership and why it is important, and to inspire staff members, partners, and external readers and organisations to better understand TLWR as an approach and strategy for social justice.<br /><br />The first section begins by clarifying what gender justice and women&rsquo;s rights means, in terms of definition and practice, and then bringing all the key terms together to provide a definition and explanation for what is meant by TLWR. Section two looks at the &lsquo;theory of change&rsquo; that underlines TLWR, while section three delves a bit deeper into one aspect of program design by looking closely at how Oxfam applies gender and power analysis within their TLWR programmes.<br /><br />In the fourth section, the TLWR is examined from the perspective of Oxfam&rsquo;s own organisation, focusing on specific tools and exercises to support the application of a TLWR approach. The next section of the report focuses on the monitoring, evaluation, accountability and learning of TLWR, which is followed by the final section containing conclusions and a summary of key points.<br /><br />Adopting a TLWR approach within programmes and policies requires the integration of findings from gender and power analysis into all stages of programme or policy strategy design, and monitoring and evaluation. In order to do this, it is necessary to develop the following elements:</p><ul><li>Context-specific gender power analysis in the initial stages of program design that examines aspects of identity, marginalisation, and gender relations with regard to leadership.</li><li>A theory of change that provides a clear shared understanding of what we want to change and how, which addresses power, leadership, values, and principles.</li><li>Strategies and activities that reflect an understanding of the existing gender power dynamics, and how these influence the practice of leadership; and which provide compelling proposals for transforming them.</li><li>Programmes or policies that encourage people to reflect on the self (and their own ways of exerting power or reflecting their principles), their leadership styles, and the organisational culture in which they work.</li><li>A monitoring, evaluation, accountability, and learning (MEAL) strategy that monitors shifts in various forms of power and leadership; measures how lasting change happens; and is based on principles that value and protect the work of our partners.</li></ul><p><br />[adapted from source]</p>

24 Mar 2015 21:25:38 GMT

Reproductive Health Commodity Security (RHCS) country case studies synthesis: Cambodia, Nigeria, Uganda and Zambia

<p>Secure and sustained access to quality and affordable commodity supplies is a critical driver of reproductive and sexual health,as it is for child health and communicable disease treatment and prevention. Improved access to these commodities is essential for the success of wider efforts to scale up health services,in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.</p><p>This report, which synthesises findings from four country level studies, provides an analysis of the key factors that influence the financing, procurement, forecasting, and supply of reproductive commodities, including how national and international agents interface and co-ordinate their activities.</p>

24 Mar 2015 15:04:46 GMT

International experiences in removing user fees for health services: implications for Mozambique

<p>This report considers if user fees for health services should be removed and reviews the experiences of countries that have gone down this route. It also provides an overview of the history of &lsquo;user fee&rsquo; implementation in Sub-saharan Africa, and analyses the effect of &lsquo;user fee&rsquo; charges using a &lsquo;business model&rsquo; framework.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:58:06 GMT

Developing new technologies to address neglected diseases: the role of Product Development Partnerships and Advanced Market Commitments - Developing-new-technologies-to-address-neglected-diseases.pdf

<p>This paper focuses on the complementary roles of Product Development Partnerships (PDPs) and Advanced Market Commitments (AMCs), as mechanisms to incentivise industry towards the development of health technologies for neglected diseases. PDPs and AMCs are specific mechanisms under the more general categories of &ldquo;push&rdquo; and &ldquo;pull&rdquo; mechanisms, which seek to address the mismatch between need for health technologies to specifically meet developing country health needs and the commercial sector&rsquo;s traditional lack of willingness to meet that need. The fact that only 16 of the 1,400 (or 1%) of new medicines developed between 1975 and 1999 were for neglected diseases is the result of this mismatch.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:54:31 GMT

A public consultation on DFIDs Health Strategy 2006: a synthesis of views

<p>This report synthesises written submissions to DFID collected in July 2006 via a public consultation process. The report identifies gaps in the response to health challenges, key areas to be strengthened and outlines how health architecture can be improved to deliver better health for the poor.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:48:27 GMT

Strengthening linkages for sexual and reproductive health, HIV and AIDS: progress, barriers and opportunities for scaling up

<p>This review explores the policy, financing and institutional factors that enable or constrain the integration of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) programmes, with policy and programmes for HIV prevention, and AIDS treatment and care. Based on a review of literature, key informant interviews and policy and programme analyses, this brief summarises the main barriers to developing linkages and discusses possible strategies and opportunities for engagement and strengthening linkages.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:44:59 GMT

Cost-effective delivery of specialist medical services to the st. helena population – review of options - draft recommendations

<p>This report reviews the health care context of St. Helena and suggests a number of methods of improving delivery, including: the use of telemedicine; making formal arrangements for travel and accommodation; and exploring government and health insurance.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:40:07 GMT

HIV antiretroviral therapy: can franchising expand coverage? Revised version

<p>Franchising aims to increase the supply of an established product or service by contracting a number of independent retailers in different localities to offer those products or services to consumers. It also aims to raise demand by allowing those retailers to sell an established brand. This paper reviews the experiences of franchising and discusses the opportunities and implications for governments and donors of franchising for HIV and AIDS services.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:36:04 GMT

An assessment of technical assistance provision to the Pakistan health sector

<p>This report covers a range of issues concerned with the procurement and management of technical assistance for the health sector in Pakistan. It considers how DFID can ensure that its investments in technical assistance continue to move towards a growing vision of a more aligned and market oriented approach to technical assistance, procured directly by partner countries through national systems, and nationally managed. It also sets out guiding principles for the design of models that shift the emphasis from the procurement, supply and management of technical assistance from the donor to the development partner.</p><p>The report reviews models for the delivery of technical assistance across a number of sectors and a number of countries. It identifies those that are moving towards providing greater control of the procurement and management of technical assistance by the partner government rather than the donor.</p><p>It reviews the effectiveness and efficiency of the Technical Assistance Management Agency that has been supporting the National Health Facility and draws lessons from its strengths and weaknesses. In general it is judged to have been a successful mechanism for distributing relatively large volumes of technical assistance.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:28:44 GMT

A synthesis of institutional arrangements of National AIDS Commissions in seven African countries: work in progress

<p>This paper presents a synthesis of institutional arrangements and issues currently facing National AIDS Councils/Commissions (NACs) in 2007. It reviews the governance and institutional arrangements of African NACs as well as harmonisation and alignement processes. For each topic there is an analysis of emerging themes. The countries reviewed include: Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda.</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:24:30 GMT

Evaluation of links between North and South healthcare organisations

<p>This report contains the results of an independent evaluation into Global Health Partnerships as outlined in Lord Crisps report, Global Health Partnerships: The UK contribution to health in developing countries (March 2003). The report clearly documents that links can benefit partners both in developing countries and in the UK but also recognises that there is considerable variation in the effectiveness of links. It provides valuable guidance and recommendations for best practice. This report demonstrates the value that strategic and well structured links can add to strengthening health services in developing countries.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Mar 2015 14:16:21 GMT

Scaling-up ITN access and use in sub-Saharan Africa : Estimated LLIN requirements and coverage outcomes based on the global delivery strategy mix

<p>This report presents the relative cost-effectiveness of scaling-up delivery of Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN). It concludes that there is currently unrealistic optimism on the levels of access to LLINs and their use that can be achieved within the next few years, and on the numbers of LLINs needed to reach these targets.</p>

24 Mar 2015 13:02:05 GMT

Background literature review: International Health Partnership (IHP+) country health sector teams

<p>This review outlines the current arrangements for country health sector teams in ten International Health Partnership countries: Burundi, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Nigeria and Zambia. It provides a summary of good practice and effective national coordination in health and HIV/AIDS. The review draws on the National AIDS Councils/Commissions, explains Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs) and explores the lessons learnt from them. Experiences in coordination and working practices are also described from the education sector and the peacekeeping/humanitarian sector.</p>

24 Mar 2015 12:39:26 GMT

Civil society at the centre of HIV responses: lessons from the DFID Programme Management Office, India

<p>Starting in 2005, and until 2007, HLSP managed the DFID-funded programme of support to India&rsquo;s National AIDS Control Programme through the Programme Management Office (PMO). This paper explores the wider lessons emerging from the programme, and how the overall approach, management and commissioning processes contributed to its success.</p><p>In spite of the short timeframe, the PMO achieved a number of important results, including some with potential longer term impact. It developed a &lsquo;challenge fund&rsquo; to encourage community-based innovation, it emphasised fostering links between civil society and government, and building organisationally sustainable approaches. The projects it commissioned, delivered by 39 partners and their networks, helped to introduce and scale up approaches to harm reduction for injecting drug users and support for men having sex with men, people living with HIV and women. Both policy level and frontline acceptance of the harm reduction approach increased.</p><p>Lessons from the approach remain of value to national efforts to scale up and institutionalise evidence-based and inclusive approaches with civil society and affected groups. The PMO has shown that government activities can be successfully complemented by community-based programmes and services that are well designed and supported.</p>

24 Mar 2015 12:29:52 GMT

Achieving the MDGs: at what cost?

<p>More spending is needed if progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to be accelerated. Extra funding is vitally important, particularly for the poorest countries, but it can come with risks. Those working to achieve the health MDGs cannot ignore the macroeconomic implications of injecting additional external resources into weak economies. These issues remain relevant despite the challengesof the current financial and economic crisis.</p><p>This paper provides an overview of the debates surrounding how much is needed to achieve the health MDGs, how such funds might be raised, and some of the impacts of scaling up, particularly on macroeconomic stability.</p><p>Economic growth is important, and macroeconomic stability, which contributes to it, is likely to make a major contribution to achieving the health MDGs. However, increased spending can have a detrimental impact. Those who advocate for additional resources for the health sector need to consider the wider context, as achieving a balance between increasing health expenditure and macroeconomic stability is vital. Experience also shows that some types of spending or donor behaviour work better than others towards enhancing macroeconomic stability and improving the health sector.</p>

24 Mar 2015 12:25:15 GMT

Helpdesk Report: Short distance learning courses on development and nutrition

<p>The University of London and the Open University are the main two academic institutions in the UK that run short, distance learning courses in development.</p><p>The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), an institute of the University of London, directs a module on Nutrition and Infection. Students register for this course through the University of London International Programme.</p><p>The search for courses that were both short and studied through distance learning yielded limited results. Many development courses were offered through distance learning where modules could be taken on a part-time basis. But these appeared to only be offered as part of a degree programme and not as short courses. Similarly short courses were found on nutrition that were not run as distance learning courses.</p><p>One course on nutrition in development run through distance learning outside the UK was found. The Leadership Programme on Nutrition Security and Sustainable Development run by the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), India. The course material is India focused.</p>

24 Mar 2015 12:21:29 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Read our latest February edition and all previous issues of the newsletter.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 15:51:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Mainstreaming Green Growth: Venice, the ideal place to wade through the issues - Insights Blog

Ever plodded through flood waters to get to a conference? In late January, the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) held their 3rd annual conference in Venice, Italy. The flooded city reminded attendees about the real world changes that are occurring and the need for continued action towards going green.

Fri, 20 Feb 2015 10:46:00 GMT

The Metropolitan Century - Understanding Urbanisation and its Consequences

The world is experiencing a wave of urbanisation that has the potential to greatly benefit residents, countries and the planet at large. This report analyses the secrets of successful cities and the policies that contribute to their success.

Wed, 18 Feb 2015 16:25:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Green Development Co-operation in Zambia - Green Growth Paper

Embracing green growth can secure strong, stable and sustainable development. An increasing number of developing countries have formulated and/or implemented innovative policies to pursue green growth, notably in Africa. Zambia, in particular, is committed to drawing up an Inclusive Green Growth Strategy (IGGS) that builds upon a nationally-defined and comprehensive definition of green growth.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:57:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

A big year for development - Insights Blog

This will be “the mother of all years for summits on international development". International delegates will gather in Addis Ababa in July to discuss how poorer countries can fund their development. In September, attention will shift to New York, where the UN will sign off on the successors to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In December, Paris will take centre stage to host the global climate change conference, COP21.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:47:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) 2015 Annual Conference

Third Annual Conference on the theme of "Fiscal Policies and the Green Economy Transition: Generating Knowledge – Creating Impact" held at the University of Venice from 29 through 30 January 2015. The press release is available.

Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:57:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Green growth: Environmental policies and productivity can work together

As environmental pressures continue to rise, governments throughout the OECD area have not been sitting back. If anything, the stringency of their policy measures has been increasing on the whole, not least to combat pollution and climate change. And as the evidence shows, stringent environmental policies can be introduced without hurting overall productivity.

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: Korea

Report finds that some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transferring centres, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 10:08:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

This Forum examined the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:09:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: Knowledge Sharing

Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Death and taxis: Why the Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum matters - Insights Blog

The Green Growth and Sustainable development Forum is an annual event, and the third Forum will take place on 13-14 November 2014. This blog highlights the importance of the Forum, and how, far from being "abstract", this year's Forum offers an invaluable opportunity to address the social implications of implementing green growth strategies.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 15:35:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy - OECD ProgBlog

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Blog: Export Restrictions in Raw Materials

Blog post on the OECD Insights blog discussing the conclusions from the new book on Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 16:22:00 GMT

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:32:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Darfur Women Action Group Internships (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Darfur Women Action GroupClosing date: 05 Apr 2015Darfur Women Action Group Internship &amp; Volunteer OpportunitiesDarfur Women Action Group (DWAG) is taking a unique approach to fight and prevent genocide. DWAG believes that empowering the most affected groups and building strong leadership among those who are historically excluded to enable them to lead and foster positive change in their communities as the most vital approach to sustainably end genocide.DWAG is current seeking interested interns and/or volunteers who are willing to advance the goals we are trying to achieve.Internships

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: WASH Technical Expert (National Position) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Acción contra el HambreCountry: LebanonClosing date: 12 Apr 2015ACF, an International NGO operating in Lebanon since 2006, is looking for a WaSH Technical Expert.Please note that the WaSH Technical Expert will be granted a local, Lebanese work contract, and not an expatriate contract. This position is open only to applicants who are already legally entitled to work in Lebanon.ACF offers a competitive salary package, a respectful and motivating working environment, trainings and promotion opportunities and is commited to core humanitarian values. Please visit : http://www.actioncontrelafaim.org/en

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Senior Programme Assistant GS-6 (Only Myanmar Nationals are eligible to apply) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Food ProgrammeCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 10 Apr 2015World Food Programme Myanmar – Vacancy AnnouncementContract type : Fixed Term GS-6Post title : Senior Programme AssistantNumber of Post : 1Duty Station : MyitkyinaReport To : Head of Sub-OfficeRequired Period of Service : One year (Extendable)Deadline for application : 10 April 2015(This is A Local position: Only Myanmar Nationals are eligible to apply)Qualified women are especially encouraged to applyDuties and Responsibilities:Under the direct supervision of respective Head of Sub-Office and the

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Philippines: PROGRAM MANAGER (for Filipino nationals only) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Committee of the Red CrossCountry: PhilippinesClosing date: 15 May 2015As part of ICRC’s Detention Strategy in the Philippines evolving towards a strengthened systemic support to detaining authorities, ICRC is hiring for a:PROGRAM MANAGERBased in Manila (resident contract)PURPOSE OF THE POSTThe mission of the Program Manager is to contribute to the development of result-based activities to support detaining authorities addressing humanitarian issues in jails resulting in concrete reduction of overcrowding and improved conditions of detentions.This function

Mon, 30 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Japan: Human Settlements Officer,P-3,(Fukuoka),Deadline: 10 April 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: JapanClosing date: 10 Apr 2015Download PDF VersionTEMPORARY VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 25 March 2015ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HabitatDUTY STATION:Fukuoka – JapanFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Human Settlements OfficerGRADE:P3POST DURATION:364CLOSING DATE:10 April 2015Organizational Setting and ReportingUN-HABITAT, the United Nations agency for human settlements, helps the urban poor by transforming cities unto safer, healthier, greener places with better opportunities where everyone can live in with dignity. It works with organizations

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Japan: Human Settlements Officer,P-4,(Fukuoka),Deadline: 10 April 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: JapanClosing date: 10 Apr 2015Download PDF VersionTEMPORARY VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 25 March 2015ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeDUTY STATION:FukuokaFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Human Settlements OfficerGRADE:P-4POST DURATION: One YearCLOSING DATE:10 April 2015Organizational Setting and ReportingThe United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-Habitat, is the agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Human Settlements Officer,P-4,(Nairobi, with frequent missions to Somalia), Deadline: 04 April 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 04 Apr 2015Download PDF VersionINTERNAL VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTFOR SPA PURPOSESIssued on: 27 March 2015ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HabitatDUTY STATION:Nairobi, with frequent missions to SomaliaFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Human Settlements OfficerGRADE:P4POST DURATION6 monthsCLOSING DATE:04 April 2015Staff members are subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and to assignment by him or her. In this context, all staff is expected to move periodically to new functions in their careers in accordance with

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: DATABASE MANAGER,(NAIROBI), DEADLINE: 3 April 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 03 Apr 2015Download PDF VersionCONSULTANT VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 27 March 2015ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HABITATDUTY STATION:NAIROBIFUNCTIONAL TITLE:DATABASE MANAGERDURATION:3 MONTHSCLOSING DATE:3 April 2015BACKGROUNDThe Global Urban Observatory (GUO) coordinates the Monitoring of the Habitat Agenda and the Millennium Development Goals as well as the implementation of the Agency Strategic and Institutional Plans such as the Medium-Term Strategic and Institutional Plan (MTSIP) for 2014-2019. GUO coordinates

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Consultant for Baseline Study of DFID funded “Strengthening the Resilience of Afghanistan’s Vulnerable Communities against Disasters (SRACAD)” project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AfghanaidCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 14 Apr 2015The Organisation Afghanaid (leader of the Afghanistan Resilience Consortium – ARC) is a British-registered international NGO, which has worked in Afghanistan for over 30 years. We assist community-driven processes that address the rights and fundamental needs of people in some of the most remote areas of Afghanistan, providing basic services, supporting development of rural livelihoods and responding to humanitarian emergencies. We are headquartered in Kabul, and operate 20 provincial and district offices across Badakhshan

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Communications Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Aga Khan FoundationCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 26 Apr 2015The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is a private international, nonprofit, and non-denominational development agency. It seeks sustainable solutions to long-term problems of poverty, with special emphasis on the needs of rural communities in mountainous, coastal and other resource poor areas across the world. Concentrating its efforts in health, education, rural development and strengthening civil society sectors, AKF’s approach is based on a long-term commitment that is maintained despite political and social uncertainty.The

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: HR Specialist, Recruitment (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Aga Khan FoundationCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 17 Apr 2015The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is a private international, nonprofit, and non-denominational development agency. It seeks sustainable solutions to long-term problems of poverty, with special emphasis on the needs of rural communities in mountainous, coastal and other resource poor areas across the world. Concentrating its efforts in health, education, rural development and strengthening civil society sectors, AKF’s approach is based on a long-term commitment that is maintained despite political and social uncertainty.The

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Senior Technical Coordinator, Partnerships & Investments (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 29 May 2015Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development, and food security to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil societies. ACDI/VOCA has approximately 50 projects in 30 countries and total revenues of approximately $174 million.We are seeking a D.C.-based

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Volunteer Recruitment Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 26 May 2015Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development, and food security to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil societies. ACDI/VOCA has approximately 50 projects in 30 countries and total revenues of approximately $174 million.We are seeking a D.C.-based

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Training of Journalists on Ethical Reporting of Issues Affecting Children and Media Bodies to Monitor Standards, Coverage and Quality of Reporting on (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundClosing date: 20 Apr 2015The Maldives became a democratic nation in 2008. The country’s free media is in its infancy, with a large number of very young untrained journalists, engaged in reporting on complex social and developmental issues. For instance, the issue of child abuse is a major social concern in the country, which is not adequately or appropriately addressed in the media. The issue of gender based violence is a further such example while barriers to the participation of children in the public debate on matters that affect their lives are also of

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT DIRECTOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SOS Children&#039;s Villages InternationalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 10 Apr 2015SOS Children’s Villages is an international social development organisation, focusing on the care and support of orphans and vulnerable children. We support families and communities to build their capacity and to protect and care for their children, through our Family Strengthening Programmes. Where children have already lost the care of their biological family, we offer long-term family-based care through our SOS Children’s Villages. In these ways, we support orphans and vulnerable children to

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Israel: Community Outreach Liaison Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: African Refugee Development CenterCountry: IsraelClosing date: 01 May 2015The African Refugee Development Center (ARDC) is a grassroots, community-based, non-profit organization that was founded in 2004 by African asylum seekers and Israeli citizens, in order to assist, protect and empower 55,000 African refugees and asylum seekers in Israel. To date, the ARDC has served over 10,000 refugees and asylum seekers from Eritrea, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, the Central African Republic and the Ivory Coast.The Asylum Application Assistance

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Communication Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 12 Apr 2015INTERNAL/EXTERNAL VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT # 2015/22THIS VACANCY IS OPEN TO SYRIAN NATIONALS ONLYIf you are a committed, creative Syrian and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world&#39;s leading child rights organization, UNICEF would like to hear from you.Post Title : Communication Office**r**Contract type : Fixed TermLevel of Post : NO-APost Number : 63978Duration : One year, renewableDuty Station : Damascus**PURPOSE:**Under the close supervision of the Communication

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Director of Finance and Administration (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AfricareClosing date: 23 Apr 2015Director of Finance and AdministrationAfricare, a US based not-for-profit NGO headquartered in Washington, D.C. is actively recruiting and inviting qualified applications for the position of Director of Finance and Administration to support its country program in the following offices: Angola, Chad, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe.Position Summary:This position is expected to be full-time located in one of the above mentioned country offices for a minimum period of at least 1 year, subject to periodic review and reassignment

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: CALL FOR TECHNICAL EXPERTS - WATER RESOURCES (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Engility CorporationCountry: LebanonClosing date: 30 Apr 2015Announcement:International Resources Group (IRG), a wholly owned subsidiary of Engility, seeks candidates for an anticipated water sector activity in Lebanon. The goal of this project will be to improve availability of water related public services in Lebanon through increased efficiency of water management and improved water infrastructure. We are looking for expressions of interest from qualified candidates for positions in the following focus areas:· Water Resources Management· Water and/or Wastewater Service

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Education Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 11 Apr 2015INTERNAL/EXTERNAL VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT # 2015/21THIS VACANCY IS OPEN TO SYRIAN NATIONALS ONLYIf you are a committed, creative Syrian and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world&#39;s leading child rights organization, UNICEF would like to hear from you.Post Title : Education SpecialistContract type : Fixed TermLevel of Post : NO-CCase Number : SYR/15002Duration : One year, renewableDuty Station : DamascusPURPOSE:Under the supervision of the Chief, Education section,

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Planning Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 11 Apr 2015INTERNAL/EXTERNAL VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT # 2015/20THIS VACANCY IS OPEN TO SYRIAN NATIONALS ONLY If you are a committed, creative Syrian and are passionate about making a lasting difference for children, the world&#39;s leading child rights organization, UNICEF would like to hear from you.Post Title : Planning SpecialistContract type : Fixed TermLevel of Post : NO-CCase Number : SYR/15001Duration : One year, renewableDuty Station : DamascusPURPOSE:Under the general guidance of the Planning Specialist

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Study Paper - Economic Cooperation, Afghanistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The Asia FoundationCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 09 Apr 2015RFP No. TAF-PRCC-FEB-2015-007 (re-advertised)The Asia Foundation - Afghanistan Program Office: PRCC-MoFA ProjectFunding Opportunity: A study paper on Economic Aspects of the Heart of Asia –Istanbul Process and the role and potential of Afghanistan in strengthening economic cooperation in the region.Announcement Type: Public Procurement Funding Opportunity Number:Deadline for Applications:09 April 2015 via email at (sayed.najeeb@asiafoundation.org &amp; mark.dsouza@asiafoundation.org)CONTACT INFORMATIONFor

Sun, 29 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Côte d'Ivoire: Women Protection & Empowerment Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: Côte d&#039;IvoireClosing date: 27 May 2015PROGRAM OVERVIEWAs part of its Women Protection &amp; Development sector, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) is currently implementing, with the support of the Novo Foundation, an eight years project called &quot;Women and Girls Rebuild Nations&quot;. The program&#39;s holistic strategy is based on five pillars: Prevention of violence, Empowerment of women, Response to violence, Advocacy and Access to Justice. This project is simultaneously implemented in Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone and Liberia

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Protection Consortium Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Country: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 26 May 2015BACKGROUND TO IRCThe International Rescue Committee, one of the world&#39;s largest humanitarian agencies, provides relief, rehabilitation, and post-conflict reconstruction support to victims of natural disaster, oppression, and violent conflict in 42 countries. The IRC is committed to bold leadership, innovation, and creative partnerships. Active in public health, education, livelihoods, women&#39;s empowerment, youth development, and protection and promotion of rights, the IRC assists people from harm to home.The Ebola outbreak in West Africa

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: A FIELD COORDINATOR (H/F) - JORDAN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: JordanClosing date: 28 Apr 2015We are looking for: A FIELD COORDINATOR (H/F)Country:Jordan based in IrbidLength of contract: 7 months (renewable) from the 20th of aprilThe position:The Field Coordinator is responsible to successfully lead the ACF response at field level in Northern Jordan on behalf of the Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in a field management role. More specifically, you will have to:Contribute, Coordinate and implement the ACF response strategy in Northern JordanØ participating in strategic planning exercises

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

UN COORDINATEUR TERRAIN - TCHAD (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimClosing date: 28 Apr 2015Nous recherchons : UN COORDINATEUR TERRAIN (H/F)Pays: Tchad basé à MoussoroDurée du contrat : 12 mois à partir du 15 avril 2015Le rôle :Le coordinateur terrain a pour objectif d’assurer la coordination des interventions d’ACF dans sa zone d’intervention, plus particulièrement il ou elle sera en charge de :Coordonne la mise en œuvre de la stratégie pays d’ACF dans sa zone d’interventionParticiper à l&#39;élaboration et à la mise à jour de la stratégie pays en fournissant des informations en provenance du terrainAssurer la

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Intern/Project Assistant: Latin America and the Caribbean (Summer 2015) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: National Democratic InstituteCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 26 Apr 2015Intern / Project Assistant: Latin America and the Caribbean(Summer 2015)The National Democratic Institute (NDI) is seeking candidates currently enrolled in undergraduate or graduate programs or recent graduates for internships with NDI&#39;s Latin America and the Caribbean team. We strongly encourage the inclusion of a cover letter as part of the application. This internship requires a time commitment of 40 hours per week.Primary Responsibilities:Assist the LAC team in organizing and implementing

Sat, 28 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Global Learning Director - Humanitarian Leadership Academy (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 26 Apr 2015Global Learning Director - Humanitarian Leadership AcademyFarringdon, London - with international travelFixed term 2 yearsThis is an exciting opportunity to assume a crucial role in an organisation that will sit at the forefront of change across the humanitarian landscape. As our Global Learning Director you will lead on a sector-defining global learning strategy for the Humanitarian Leadership Academy (HLA), brokering partnerships and driving innovation.The mission

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Area Coordinator Haiti - Saut d’Eau (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Concern WorldwideCountry: HaitiClosing date: 08 Apr 2015Job Title:Area Coordinator €Reference: DD/AC/HICountry: Haiti – Saut d’EauContract Grade: Grade BContract Length: 1 year (renewable)Date Needed By: 1st May 2015New Post or Replacement: ReplacementAccompanied / Unaccompanied: UnaccompaniedExact Job Location: Saut d’Eau, HaitiReports To: Programmes DirectorResponsible For: Project Managers (Education &amp; Livelihoods), Base Administrator &amp; Finance Assistant.Liaises With: Country Director, Systems Director, Logistics Officer, Country Financial Controller,

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Regional Director - East Africa Region (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Marie Stopes InternationalCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 23 Apr 2015Location: London/or potentially within the regionSalary: CompetitiveAbout the roleWe have an exciting and challenging opportunity to take your management skills and commercial expertise to the cutting edge of the global development sector - join Marie Stopes International as the Regional Director for the East Africa Region based in London or within the region, and help us transform the lives of millions.As Regional Director: East Africa you provide leadership

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Chief Executive Officer - Humanitarian Leadership Academy (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 23 Apr 2015Director / CEO - Humanitarian Leadership Academy (hosted by Save the Children UK)Farringdon, London - with international travelPermanentThis is a rare opportunity to lead an organisation that will sit at the forefront of change across the humanitarian landscape. As our courageous, visionary Director / CEO you will steer the Humanitarian Leadership Academy (HLA) through its initial set-up phase and into fruition as a sector-leading global organisation.The mission of the

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Head of Mission Afghanistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: INTERSOSCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 06 Apr 2015Head of Mission - AfghanistanINTERSOS is an independent non-profit humanitarian organization committed to assist the victims of natural disasters and armed conflicts. Its activities are based on the principles of solidarity, justice, human dignity, equality of rights and opportunities, and respect for diversity and coexistence, paying special attention to the most vulnerable and unprotected people.1. Terms of referenceJob title: Head of Mission (HoM)Location: Kabul – AfghanistanReporting to: Regional DirectorStarting

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Research Manager, BBC Media Action, London (source: BOND)

Research Manager, BBC Media Action, London The Country Research Manager plays a key role in ensuring that research conducted in BBC Media Action is delivered to the highest quality, providing great value for money, and offering contextual insights and products to meet the organisation and the...

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Shelter/NFI Manager - Donetsk, Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: UkraineClosing date: 12 Apr 2015DRC is looking for a highly qualified and capable Shelter/NFI Manager for activities in non-government controlled territory of Donetsk Oblast eastern Ukraine, based in Donetsk.Who are we?The Danish Refugee Council/Danish Demining Group (DRC/DDG) has operated in Ukraine in 1998-2000 in the return and reintegration of Crimean Tatars, and from 2007-2013 for the protection of asylum seekers and refugees, as well as the capacity building of government and civil society.Today, DRC/DDG implements activities in eastern

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Global Learning Director - Humanitarian Leadership Academy, Save the Children, London (source: BOND)

Global Learning Director - Humanitarian Leadership Academy, Save the Children, London This is an exciting opportunity to assume a crucial role in an organisation that will sit at the forefront of change across the humanitarian landscape. As our Global Learning Director you will lead on a sector-defining global learning strategy for the...

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Administrative / HR coordinator (M/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 31 May 2015For more than 30 years, Médecins du Monde, a campaigning medical organisation committed to international solidarity, has been caring for the most vulnerable populations at home and abroad. It has continued to highlight obstacles that exist in accessing health care and has secured sustainable improvements in health-for-all policies. Those working for this independent organisation do not solely dispense care and treatment but condemn violations of human dignity and rights and fight to improve matters for populations living

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Shelter/NFI Manager - Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: UkraineClosing date: 12 Apr 2015(re-advertisement)Pending funding, DRC is looking for a highly qualified and capable Shelter/NFI Manager for activities in eastern Ukraine, based in Mariupol.Who are we?The Danish Refugee Council/Danish Demining Group (DRC/DDG) operated in Ukraine in 1998-2000 in the return and reintegration of Crimean Tatars, and from 2007-2013 for the protection of asylum seekers and refugees, as well as the capacity building of government and civil society.Today, DRC/DDG implements activities in eastern Ukraine to assist

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Health Programme Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 07 Apr 2015Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition,

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Denmark: Programme and Operations Coordinator - Denmark (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: DenmarkClosing date: 26 Apr 2015The Danish Refugee Council is looking for an experienced and French speaking Programme and Operations Coordinator (POC) to be part of the HQ based Unit supporting DRCs programmes in Central Africa and West Africa (CAWA).The POC will be employed to the DRC International Department and be part of the CAWA Unit with 6 team members, headed by a Head of Support Unit.BackgroundThe core of DRC’s international mandate is the protection of refugees and internally displaced people and the promotion of durable solutions

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Strategy Unit Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 26 May 2015Background/IRC Summary:The International Rescue Committee responds to the world&#39;s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and in 22 US cities, the IRC restores safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: AAH South Sudan Project Reporting Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Africa Help - InternationalCountry: South SudanClosing date: 11 Apr 2015Project Reporting Officer VacancyProject: AAH-I/UNHCR ProjectJob Title: Project Reporting OfficerLocation: South SudanDuty Station: Juba, South Sudan (with frequent travel to the project sites)Responsible to: Project ManagerLiaison: Heads of departments/Sectors within the ProjectResponsible for: Supporting the project management in collection, analysis of data and preparation of routine operational reports of activities in South Sudan.Summary of key Responsibilities1.Management·

Fri, 27 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: Water , Sanitation and Hygiene ( WASH ) Technical Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: EthiopiaClosing date: 26 May 2015ORGANIZATIONAL DESCRIPTION:The International Rescue Committee (IRC) began work in Ethiopia in 2000