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Climate Watch

Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows 2014

<p>This guide, aimed at climate change negotiators, gives synopsis of the key elements in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)&rsquo;s Biennial Assessment (BA) of climate finance flows. It also provides an overview of recommendations of the UNFCCC&rsquo;s Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) to the Conference of Parties. The guide also provides some views on how the identified recommendations can support future international negotiations. It argues that for future BAs it would be important to place climate finance in a broader context and that this would help with the global transition to a more sustainable path.</p>

19 Dec 2014 13:42:11 GMT

Climate finance:is it making a difference? A review of the effectiveness of Multilateral Climate Funds

<p>International efforts to tackle climate change are at a critical juncture. This report provides a critical review of the climate finance architecture. It examines more than a decade of experience of multilateral climate funds including the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Climate Investment Funds (CIFs), and the Adaptation Fund (AF). It also considers the experience of national funds created to receive international funding such as Brazil&rsquo;s Amazon Fund and the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF). The authors ask whether the existing architecture is fit for the purpose of delivering finance to the right countries on the scale, terms and conditions required.</p><p>The findings draw on the first global ranking of recipients of multilateral climate finance. The authors answer to this question is largely positive. Climate funds have broken new ground by helping countries begin to confront the implications of climate change for development. The finance they spend is targeting countries that need it. Mitigation funding is concentrated in developing countries with relatively high (and rising) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, maximising with opportunities for efficient mitigation. Adaptation finance is targeting some of the poorest countries. Against this backdrop, efforts should be made ahead of the Paris summit to ensure that the Green Climate Fund (GCF) is adequately resourced. Recent pledges send a much needed signal to this end: by November 2014 the GCF had raised more than $9 billion, just seven months after its official resource mobilisation process began.</p><p>It is noted that there is considerable scope for improvement, however, and opportunities to learn from past experience. The publications provides a number of recommendations for climate funds.</p><ol><li>Take more risk, and support innovation.</li><li>Support national stakeholders to strengthen policy, regulation and institutional capacity.</li><li>Use the right types of finance for the appropriate purpose.</li><li>Create new incentives for the institutions, investors and businesses that are shaping infrastructure and development finance choices to step up their efforts to reduce emissions and increase climate resilience through new partnerships.</li><li>Understand impact, and set a high bar for the ambition of supported programmes.</li></ol>

18 Dec 2014 14:11:13 GMT

Financing readiness: insights from the Amazon Fund and Congo Basin Forest Funds' efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation - - Research reports and studies - 7758.pdf

<p>Finance to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) has been innovatively structured to support &lsquo;readiness activities&rsquo; prior to performance-based support. The case for readiness finance is strong, given the challenges of addressing technical, policy, and institutional requirements of realising REDD+. Understanding of what constitutes readiness, however, has evolved from an early focus on technical considerations, to a more encompassing consideration of underlying policy and regulatory frameworks, and the need to strengthen the transparency, inclusiveness, accountability and coordination of governance systems that affect forests.</p><p>This paper considers the activities financed by the Brazilian Amazon Fund and the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) since their inception. These funds operate in very different contexts, whose needs for &lsquo;readiness finance&rsquo; are therefore also substantially different. Each fund through its projects supports multiple activities. Both have made some efforts to fund programmes that address issues of policy and governance, and independent monitoring and verification of emission reductions, although the level of support has been relatively modest. The authors observe an ongoing need for greater coordination and coherence with other initiatives to finance REDD+ within the same region; in Brazil some institutional frameworks to prompt such coordination have now been established; such frameworks are much weaker in the countries of the Congo Basin.</p><p>REDD+ finance directed towards readiness has sought to achieve a lot on a small budget, and grapples with complex problems that many stakeholders have been seeking to address for decades, and, in many cases, with limited success. The authors review of the activities financed by the Amazon Fund and CBFF highlights that many aspects of readiness, particularly efforts to improve governance and strengthen associated institutions, will need ongoing support as part of performance based REDD+. The Amazon Fund programming seems to reflect this need, by funding activities that are an extension of readiness in the context of delivering performance based REDD+. This challenges static conceptualisations of readiness, however, in which there is a clear end point at which point a country is &rsquo;ready&rsquo;. The notion of &lsquo;thresholds&rsquo; may be helpful in providing an indicator that some progress has been made; however, it raises questions about how to assess whether and how those thresholds have been met.</p><p>The analysis suggests that issues of national context will largely shape such judgements, but there will also be a need for some objective metrics to inform such judgements. In turn, recognition of the need for ongoing and sustained investment, particularly in continuing to strengthen institutions and governance, may make the issue of where readiness stops and REDD+ begins less material for programming funds.</p><p>[Taken from the authors]</p>

18 Dec 2014 12:27:35 GMT

Systematic Review Approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level

<p>This working paper from CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) analyses literature on adaptation governance focused on food security at the supranational level. The researchers looked at looked at key aspects of food security, identified types of governance measures and major challenges, and finally developed an understanding of the location of the research teams and involved countries. They found, overall, that the supranational focus, in the context of adaptation governance on food security, is not prevalent in current peer-reviewed literature. The paper argues that, in terms of future research, there is a strong need to develop processes for the integration of diverse sectors and issues when designing policies on food security in the context of climate change. It also argues that it is also important to improve the skills and opportunities of research teams in the Global South to engage effectively.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:22:10 GMT

The State of REDD+ Finance

<p>This paper presents a thorough synthesis of available data to illuminate the current global state of finance for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+). It adds to a growing body of work that seeks to understand the size and composition of finance for REDD+ initiatives, as well as the delivery of climate finance more generally. The analysis shows that aggregate pledges of both public and private finance are significant, at more than US $8.7 billion for the period between 2006 and March 2014, but the pace of new pledges slowed after 2010. The public sector contributes nearly 90% of reported REDD+ finance, with the preponderance of funding concentrated among a relatively small number of donors and recipient countries. The paper analyzes early experience with performance-based finance, although such finance represents less than two-fifths of pledges to date. The extent to which new institutions in the climate finance architecture such as the Green Climate Fund will provide a new and effective channel for increasing support for REDD+ remains to be seen.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:19:58 GMT

The comparative turn in climate change adaptation and food security governance research

<p>This working paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) proposes that concepts and methods of comparative politics can shine light on political factors important for catalysing positive change on the governance, climate change adaptation and food security of countries in the developing world. It makes five recommendations for CCAFS future research: the need (i) to identify new dimensions for institutional research, (ii) to conduct governance research beyond institutions, (iii) to embrace more rigorous comparative methods, (iv) to address the &ldquo;dependent variable&rdquo; problem in climate change adaptation research and (v) to come to grips with &ldquo;good enough&rdquo; climate governance.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:11:31 GMT

The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014

<p>&nbsp;In December 2015, countries will gather in Paris to finalize a new global agreement to tackle climate change. Decisions about how to unlock finance in support of developing countries&rsquo; low-carbon and climate-resilient development will be a central part of the talks. But key questions about how to finance the larger, global transition, will remain largely unresolved. These include, how much climate finance is needed around the world to deliver low-carbon energy systems and climate-resilience? How much investment is already flowing? Who are the key actors? And what is the optimal balance between public and private resources?</p><p>The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014 draws together climate finance data from numerous sources to present policy makers with the most comprehensive information available about the scale, key actors, instruments, recipients, and uses of finance supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation outcomes.</p><p>The authors note that there are major data gaps which continue to challenge our understanding about climate finance and limit the ability of policy makers to address investment gaps. The lack of common definitions for climate finance and activity boundaries (especially for adaptation), and methodological differences in how climate finance is tracked and reported present major challenges. Serious data limitations concerning private investments in adaptation, forestry, and energy efficiency, mean that all flows captured in these sectors originate from public sources. It does not mean private investments are not being made, but our understanding of who the actors are, and where they are investing is limited as a result.</p><p>The report notes that despite improvements, it remains difficult to assess how the total flows captured by the Landscape compare to the estimated needs at the sector, country, and international levels, or how effective investments are on the ground.</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:01:57 GMT

Climate justice & human rights - Focus on food security, nutrition, health and gender

<p>This paper presents a set of recommendations on how the international community, governments, UN and social movements can bring issues of food security, nutrition, health and gender equity into climate negotiations.The brief was launched during the COP20 in Lima.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:05:35 GMT

Long run versus short run analysis of climate change impacts on agriculture

<p>In Tunisia the agricultural sector represents about 20 % of employment and 12% of GDP. Therefore, understanding the impact of climate change on agricultural crops is instrumental for decision makers before deciding to subsidise the affected farmers or switching to irrigated agricultural activities.</p><p>Tunisia, which belongs both to Mediterranean and sub-Saharan countries, has an attractive geographical position. Consequently, the South of Tunisia, given its Saharan nature, is affected by both its geographical position and the climate warming. However, the North of Tunisia benefits from a Mediterranean climate characterised by a hot and dry summer and a relatively rainy winter.<br /><br />This paper proposes an original empirical investigation of the long run versus short run impacts of climate change on the Tunisian agriculture sector. It finds that annual temperature decreases both cereals and date production with an exception in highland areas. In addition, annual rainfall has a positive effect on cereals but its shortages in the south negatively affect production in this region. The short run climate effect is smaller than the long run effect.</p><p>Rainfall has a weak positive effect which is compensated by the threat of the brutal temperature increase during the last decades. This paper calls for the implementation of a public policy privileging and subsidising the threatened areas.</p>

12 Dec 2014 13:15:32 GMT

Topic guide: conflict, climate and environment

<p>This Topic Guide outlines the importance and complexity of the links between conflict, climate and environment. The Topic Guide focuses on violent conflict at the sub-national, national and trans-boundary level in relation to natural resources, climate variability, climate change and environmental change.</p><p>Key messages are outlined as:</p><ul><li>climate change (natural and man-made) is already having an impact on conflict, security and fragility</li><li>climate change will continue to be a &lsquo;risk multiplier&rsquo; of conflict, insecurity and fragility unless it is effectively embedded into the management of risk and building of resilience</li><li>what determines whether (or how) climate change will lead to conflict lies in the &lsquo;intermediary factors&rsquo; which affect the relationship between climate and conflict</li><li>there is much that can be done to ensure that climate change does not lead to increased conflict, insecurity and fragility, even in the absence of downscaled climate forecasts at the sub-national level</li><li>taking account of the links between conflict, climate and environment is central to building resilience in an ever uncertain world</li><li>gaps in the evidence exist on how to achieve multiple wins</li></ul><p>The Topic Guide concentrates on longer-term development objectives to build resilience, support adaptation, create peace and address underlying causes of vulnerability.</p>

12 Dec 2014 12:26:15 GMT

Climate change adaptation: improving environment through reduction in wood cutting and remission in greenhouse gases with introduction and promotion of energy efficient technologies - district Kohistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

<p>The natural disaster and conflict have brought changes in the physical, chemical and biological character of environment across the globe. Pakistan is one of the worst victims facing effects of climate change in spite of the factual situation that it does not account for generating as well as expanding this global problem. Pakistan lies at 12th position in the in the list of victims of deleterious impacts of climate change. Nevertheless the area like Kohistan with forests under stress and strain is experiencing impacts of climate change. One of the greatest needs of people&nbsp;affected by environmental disturbances, be they settled or on the move, is fire wood to heat their homes, cook their food, and treat water for drinking and food preparation. The risk entailed by women and children collecting sometimes scarce wood resources constitutes some of the most challenging and serious protection concerns in villages of the district where conflict over resources is high.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The innovative program started by the National Integrated Development Association (NIDA) relating to introducing fuel efficient stoves is intended to help achieve different set goals such as awareness and training programs, develop skill in women and blacksmiths, decrease deforestation, improve health of women and children, melioration in environment by reducing fuel consumption.</span></p><p>NIDA has enlisted the assistance of various NGOs, Government Departments and schools to derive best practices for future intervention. The fundamental aim of the evaluation is to provide guidance to the implementing organisation and hope to inform the community by sharing the results of the evaluation. Conclusively, the best practices are turned into a series of recommendations for use by NGOs and donors effectively and efficiently.</p><p>&nbsp;[Summary adapted from author]&nbsp;</p>

12 Dec 2014 09:35:44 GMT

Lessons from South Africa’s renewable energy regulatory and procurement experience

<p>South Africa&rsquo;s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer (REIPP) procurement programme is hailed worldwide as a model for renewable energy procurement. Its success is far from experimental and haphazard and points directly to lessons acquired prior to, and during, the launch and running of the programme. This article explores the journey to the REIPP procurement programme and draws critical lessons from the process. It discusses the success of the REIPP procurement programme in developing the renewable energy sector in South Africa, drawing seven key lessons explain this success and exploring the remaining challenges. The article shows that, despite the need for further improvements and continual optimisation, the development of the REIPP procurement programme has been a positive illustration of successful policy and regulatory learning processes.<br /><br />The development and success of the REIPP procurement programme carries important findings for other infrastructure programmes in the country. The private sector and government clusters working in infrastructure development have expressed interest in using the model of the REIPP procurement programme to procure other type of infrastructure projects beyond the energy sector.</p>

11 Dec 2014 13:38:41 GMT

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

<p>Fourteen years ago, the Millennium Declaration articulated a bold vision and established concrete targets for improving the existence of many and for saving the lives of those threatened by disease and hunger. There has been important progress across all goals, with some targets already having been met well ahead of the 2015 deadline. All stakeholders will have to intensify and focus their efforts on the areas where advancement has been too slow and has not reached all.</p><p>Major achievements include:</p><ul><li>The world has reduced extreme poverty by half. In 1990, almost half of the population in developing regions lived on less than $1.25 a day. This rate dropped to 22 per cent by 2010, reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty by 700 million.</li><li>Efforts in the fight against malaria and tuberculosis have shown results. Between 2000 and 2012, an estimated 3.3 million deaths from malaria were averted due to the substantial expansion of malaria interventions.</li><li>Access to an improved drinking water source became a reality for 2.3 billion people. Over 2.3 billion people gained access to an improved source of drinking water between 1990 and 2012.</li><li>Disparities in primary school enrolment between boys and girls are being eliminated in all developing regions. Substantial gains have been made towards reaching gender parity in school enrolment at all levels of education in all developing regions.</li><li>The political participation of women has continued to increase. In January 2014, 46 countries boasted having more than 30 per cent female members of parliament in at least one chamber.</li><li>Development assistance rebounded, the trading system stayed favourable for developing countries and their debt burden remained low.</li></ul><p>Challenges include:</p><ul><li>Major trends that threaten environmental sustainability continue, but examples of successful global action exist.</li><li>Hunger continues to decline, but immediate additional efforts are needed to reach the MDG target.</li></ul><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

10 Dec 2014 18:54:23 GMT

Technological opportunities for distress mitigation in most seriously affected areas of Wardha district

<p>Wardha district (20&deg; 18&#39; to 21&deg; 21&#39; N. and 78&deg; 4<em>&#39; </em>to 79&deg; 15<em>&#39; </em>E) lies in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. The district has a predominantly agrarian economy with 65 per cent of the main workers being engaged in agricultural activities, either as cultivators or as agricultural labourers. The total cultivable area of the district is 4729 sqkm, which is about 75 per cent of the total geographical area of the district. The cropping pattern of the district could be described as cash crop based production system with cotton and soyabean together accounting for about 71 per cent of the gross cropped area as of 2005-06. The other major crops of the district are red gram and sorghum. Agriculture in Wardha is rain-fed in nature. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 1041 mm. Black soil is the predominant soil type in the district and it is classified into heavy, medium and light categories.</p><p>Rainfed agriculture as practiced in Wardha district is largely dependant on the southwest monsoon. Southwest monsoon - the lifeline of agriculture in Wardha district is erratic in nature, is skewed in its distribution, and shows a declining trend with a reduction in the number of rainy days. This has serious surface soil and water run-off implications for an area like Wardha which has soils with poor water holding capacity. Soil and water run off has very severe adverse impact on soil nutrient status, crop productivity and subsequently on the food and livelihood security of the rural people.</p><p>This paper posits that the adverse impact of the peculiar nature of the rain-fed agriculture in Wardha can be mitigated by adopting appropriate interventions. It states that planning and implementing appropriate interventions are absolutely essential to sustain and improve agriculture on which nearly three fourths of the district&rsquo;s population depends</p><p>The study attempts to draw action plans for scalable model of sustainable agricultural practices at two different levels &ndash; at the district level, and at the <em>panchayat </em>level. <em>Panchayat l</em>evel planning is attempted by taking the case of one <em>panchayat</em>, namely Lonsawali <em>panchayat</em>, in the district. The study uses a combination of primary and secondary data sources. Focus group discussions, participatory resource mapping, and participatory planning was done with the farmers in the village <em>panchayat</em>.</p>

09 Dec 2014 16:32:24 GMT

Using Participatory Three-Dimensional Modelling (P3DM) to facilitate community decision making: a case study from the Vanuatu Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project

<p>This report focuses on the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project in In Vanuatu, which focuses on coastal zone management, and specifically the coastal roads on the island of Epi, which are being damaged by flooding and coastal erosion. The project is working with local communities to develop appropriate solutions that contribute to more resilient infrastructure.</p><p>The PACC Vanuatu project team identified participatory three-dimensional modelling (P3DM) as a valuable tool to facilitate community participation and decision making in the project. P3DM involves the building of three dimensional (3D) relief maps by communities, combining local knowledge of geography and land use with geo-referenced data. The map then forms the basis for discussion and decision making on project interventions.</p>

08 Dec 2014 11:01:34 GMT

Local Exchange Systems – Designing Community Incentives: A Discussion on Alternate Economics to Strengthen Local Economy and Facilitate Sustainable Adaptation

<p>This discussion paper argues that economic globalisation in its current form is a &lsquo;centralising juggernaut&rsquo; which often causes large-scale resource depletion in remote eco-systems, unpredictable price variations in essential commodities and lead to macroeconomic upheaval. It argues that together with the potential of widespread impacts of climate change, the vulnerability of human settlements and the resource poor who live there are at increased risk. The paper argues that localisation appears to be the most systemic response mechanism &ndash; the manifestation of a decentralised, democratised economy that allows communities to develop ecosystems based Climate Resilient Economies.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:56:15 GMT

Renewable Energy Prospects: China, REmap 2030 analysis

<p>This report is based on analysis from the International Renewable Energy Agency&rsquo;s (IRENA) REmap 2030 &ndash; a global roadmap which assesses how countries can work together to double the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030. This report on china is part of a series of country-specific publications built on the same analyses. It states that China has become a global leader in renewable energy. It argues that the main drivers for this are the increasing cost-competitiveness of renewable energy technologies and other benefits such as improved energy security and decreased air pollution. Under current policies and investment patterns, the report projects that the share of modern renewables in China&rsquo;s energy mix will rise to 16 per cent by 2030. It estimates that it would be both technically and economically feasible to increase the share of modern renewables to 26 per cent. It argues that significant potential exists for renewable energy in end-use sectors.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:49:30 GMT

The development of climate negotiations in view of Lima (COP 20)

<p>This report provides an overview of the development of the negotiations within the UNFCCC since COP 19 in Warsaw. It summarises the key developments in 2014 and provides short overviews for all negotiation areas.</p><p>The report highlights the main objective for the COP in Lima as &lsquo;to make progress in the negotiations under the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action to develop a new global agreement for the period after 2020 for all Parties to be adopted at COP 21 in 2015 in Paris and to ensure that mitigation action before 2020 is enhanced.&rsquo; The report argues that it will be crucial in Lima to raise the ambition level of mitigation action pre-2020 in order to close the gap between currently pledged mitigation targets and the emission reductions necessary to achieve the 2&deg;C objective, and to identify concrete steps to do so.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:41:43 GMT

Energy Sector Transformation: Issues and Options for the UNFCCC Negotiations

<p>This paper argues that demand for energy services will continue to grow to fuel economic growth and social development, so deep cuts in emissions globally will not be possible without transforming the way energy is supplied and consumed. It argues that immediate action is needed on two fronts: to implement options that are available today for more efficient energy use and low-emissions supply, and to put in place the conditions for longer-term structural changes to more efficient and low-emissions energy systems.</p><p>A new climate agreement is being negotiated under the UNFCCC, to apply from 2020. This paper explores three elements of how this agreement, along with the &ldquo;nationally determined contributions&rdquo; that Parties take under it, could encourage transformative energy sector policies and actions: 1) Sending long-term policy signals to underpin long-lived investments in energy systems. 2) Mobilising non-climate and sub-national objectives to enhance emissions reduction outcomes. 3) Accelerating development of key clean energy technologies.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:34:37 GMT

Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

<p>The Working Group III contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) gives an assessment of the scientific literature on climate change mitigation. It builds upon the Working Group III contribution to the IPCC&rsquo;s Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) in 2007, the Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) in 2011 and previous reports and incorporates subsequent new findings and research. The report assesses mitigation options at different levels of governance and in different economic sectors. It evaluates the societal implications of different mitigation policies, but does not recommend any particular option for mitigation.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:25:22 GMT

Mapping China's climate policy formation process

<p>This report aims to enhance understanding of policy formation on climate change issues in China.</p><p>Its primary aim is to identify the key organisations within and outside China&#39;s government responsible for shaping its climate policies. The authors argue that China&#39;s climate policies are developed based on a consensus of stakeholders inside and outside government that are led by a dominant agency of government. In most cases, the dominant agency is the National Development and Reform Commission, which has formal responsibility for leading and organising China&#39;s international climate negotiations efforts. The Commissions profile includes economic development. The most important examples highlighted of stakeholders outside of government that influence the formation of China&#39;s climate policies are state-owned industry, exerting influence through economic power, and expert organisations such as China&rsquo;s major universities, exerting influence through their power to evaluate options and legitimate political and economic positions.</p>

08 Dec 2014 10:18:37 GMT

Integrated agriculture enhances farm productivity and livelihoods in agro-biodiversity hotspots

<p>India is home to incredible diversity in plant and animal species and is ranked among the richest areas of biodiversity in the world. Unfortunately, much of this diversity is being eroded at an alarming rate, largely due to habitat destruction and invasion by alien species. In the hilly regions of southern India, known<br />as the Eastern and Western Ghats, the native agro-biodiversity (which includes farmed species) is being replaced by the cultivation of cash crops in order to generate farming income. In Kolli Hills (Tamil Nadu), over the last three decades, cassava has increasingly replaced native millets. A parallel shift has happened in Jeypore (Odisha), where eucalyptus is now occupying traditional agricultural landscapes, while banana is replacing paddy rice in Wayanad (Kerala). Roots and tubers, often neglected by agricultural extension systems, are traditional sources of food and income for small farmers in rural India.</p><p>While enabling farmers to generate some income, the loss of diversity and increasing monoculture of market-driven cash crops is accelerating rates of soil erosion, promoting crop disease, while making farmers more vulnerable to climate risks. It is also reducing local food production, thereby increasing people&rsquo;s dependence on food procured from outside the region, and on wheat and rice provided by public food distribution systems.</p><p>This paper is a result of a participatory research and intercropping trials with pulses and millets conducted on farmers by the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) in collaboration with the University of Alberta - working through the Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots (APM) project - initiated participatory varietal selection (PVS) for cassava varieties. The paper also highlights the result of an organized high quality millet seed production through community seed banks.</p><p>Participatory research on cassava and elephant foot yam undertaken in Kolli Hills and Wayanad has resulted in farmers identifying better varieties that suit their requirements, including higher yields, higher starch content, enhanced drought tolerance and the ability to adapt to local conditions. Through intercropping, they have also been able to cultivate a diversity of short duration food crops alongside their main crop, boosting the nutritional content of household diets, earning extra income and strengthening the resilience of their farming systems against shocks, such as drought.&nbsp;</p>

07 Dec 2014 20:40:31 GMT

Carbon Market Roadmap for India: Looking back on CDM and looking ahead

<p>This report analyses three broad areas of interventions: existing carbon markets, sustainable development outcomes from Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects and efficiency in development and registration of CDM projects. It makes recommendations targeted towards: A. Harnessing demand for Indian projects post 2012; B. Achieving better sustainable development for CDM projects; C. Developing synergies between CDM, NAMAs and other market mechanisms; and D. Encouraging larger participation of industry in carbon market. It also identifies actions recommended to take now and activities that needs to be undertaken depending upon when CDM revives or is replaced by a new mechanism. It also recommends certain institutional arrangement for effective implementation of these activities and actions.</p>

05 Dec 2014 14:13:16 GMT

Socio-economic implications of mitigation in the power sector including carbon taxes in South Africa

<p>This working paper provides a discussion of recent developments within South Africa aimed at increasing the contribution of renewable energy. It then goes on to give a brief description of the carbon tax that National Treasury plans to implement and also provides an overview of previous studies on the implications of a carbon tax in South Africa. The study used a linked model to analyse the socio-economic implications of implementing an escalating $5 or NT carbon tax and two renewable energy programs. The model used for analysis is described and this is followed by a description of the scenarios modelled, with results presented before moving on to conclusions and recommendations.</p>

05 Dec 2014 13:54:47 GMT

The effectiveness of climate finance: a review of the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience

<p>This working paper is one of a series of studies into the effectiveness of international climate funds using a common analytical framework. Its focus is the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), the largest multilateral adaptation fund, with pledged capitalisation of more than $1 billion in grants and concessional loans. The PPCR focuses on mainstreaming climate adaptation into national level plans, poverty alleviation strategies and sustainability goals. The paper argues that the PPCR approach has expanded the range of financial instruments used to support adaptation in developing countries, engaged Ministries of Finance in discussions around resilience, and focused attention on the need to address underlying policy, regulatory and institutional capacity to support resilient development. The paper highlights a need to deepen national ownership of PPCR supported programs, and ensure that funding addresses the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable, to ensure long term effectiveness and sustainability.</p>

04 Dec 2014 16:45:46 GMT

Post-adaptation vulnerability of cereals to rainfall and temperature variability in the federal capital territory of Nigeria

<p>This study assessed the vulnerability of cereal yield to climate change. It aims to determine the level of climate variability, assessment of cereals yield sensitivity index, determining climate exposure index, determining adaptive capacity of farmers, assessment of the post adaptation vulnerability of cereals yield to climate change. The article concludes that adaptive capacity of farmers to climate change is high in Bwari and AMAC but low in Gwagwalada, Kuje, Abaji and Kwali. It recommends that climate change needs to be placed within the top priority of developmental context, and provision and infrastructure as well as reliable agricultural extension service.</p>

04 Dec 2014 16:37:31 GMT

Climate change in Mali: expected impacts on pests and diseases afflicting selected crops

<p>This report contains tables including analyses of the potential impact of a changed climate on the most common pests and diseases afflicting 16 important crops in Mali. For each pest or disease identified, the current prevalence of the problem under current weather conditions was assessed. Projections of climate change in the Sahel are currently uncertain and this informed the analysis. The report shows an agreement among climate models that temperatures will increase, although the models vary on the extent and rate of that change. It states that precipitation in this region is particularly difficult to model, and existing projections based on these models differ regarding the long-term evolution of annual rainfall amounts. It is also highlighted that the models also provide little insight regarding potential in geographic distribution of precipitation. Most models project a slight increase in annual rainfall in the central Sahel and a decrease in the western Sahel.</p>

04 Dec 2014 16:11:12 GMT

The status of climate finance at COP 20, Lima

<p>This guide, aimed at negotiators, provides a synopsis of the key climate finance discussions undertaken in 2014 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It aims to inform negotiators and stakeholders who are interested in the different climate finance agenda items and deliverables at the 20th Conference of Parties (COP20) (December 2014, Lima, Peru) and maps several finance issues on the agenda. The guide assesses possible outcomes in Lima that can prepare the way for the new global agreement on climate change, which will be agreed at the COP in Paris in 2015.</p>

04 Dec 2014 15:54:59 GMT

Ecosystem services from tropical forests: review of current science

<p>This report explains the variety of environmental services tropical forests provide and the science underlying how forests provide these services. Tropical deforestation and degradation have reduced the area covered by tropical forests from 12 percent to less than 5 per cent of Earth&rsquo;s land area. Forest loss and degradation has reduced or halted the flows of a wide range of ecosystem goods and services, increasing the vulnerability of potentially billions of people to a variety of damaging impacts. The report argues that established and emerging science findings suggest that we have substantially underestimated the global importance of tropical forests and the impacts of their loss on human well-being.</p>

04 Dec 2014 15:43:22 GMT

Quantitative risk assessment of the effects of climate change on selected causes of death, 2030s and 2050s

<p>This report summarises the potential impact of climate change on health and mortality for 2030 and 2050.</p><p>It argues that better evidence is required regarding future risks to health from global climate change in order to inform mitigation (low carbon) and adaptation (public health) policy development. It states that future climate change is likely to affect proximal and distal (upstream) risk factors for a wide range of health outcomes, but only some of these causal pathways can be modelled using currently available methods and at the global level. This report uses scenarios to estimate the effect of climate change on selected health outcomes in the context of uncertain climate and global health futures.</p>

04 Dec 2014 15:36:04 GMT

Recognizing indigenous and community rights: Priority steps to advance development znd mitigate climate change

<p>This brief calculates the cost of securing Indigenous Peoples&rsquo; and community rights to the tropical forests where they live, arguing that secure land tenure is a prerequisite for the success of climate, poverty reduction and ecosystem conservation initiatives.</p><p>It concludes that there is an unprecedented opportunity to secure the customary land and resource rights of millions of marginalized peoples, and&nbsp; that securing these rights yields multiple globally relevant benefits. The brief argues that new social and technological capacities make it possible to vastly increase the amount of land recognized, and the costs to do so are reasonable, even in relation to the scale of funds invested in initiatives, such as REDD+, for which secure tenure is a prerequisite for success.</p>

04 Dec 2014 15:27:37 GMT

Options for Adaptation and Loss & Damage in a 2015 Climate Agreement

<p>This paper explores some of the key issues relating toadaptation and Loss and Damage (L&amp;D) and outlines options for addressing them in the 2015 agreement. It should be noted that the aim of the paper is not to provide an argument in favour of any option or combination of options. Nor is the aim to advance an argument about how adaptation and L&amp;D should be treated in the new agreement. The objective is simply to identify the central questions and dilemmas concerning adaptation and L&amp;D, and to elaborate on some proposed approaches that are already in circulation.</p>

04 Dec 2014 11:31:55 GMT

Under What Circumstances and Conditions Does Adoption of Technology Result in Increased Agricultural Productivity? A Systematic Review

<p>New technology that enables sustainable and profitable production of food and fibre is critical for both food security and economic development. Whether framed in terms of modernisation, productivity enhancement, poverty reduction, social protection, environmental protection or adaptation to climate change, technical change is at the heart of most agricultural policy, programmes and projects. From a development perspective, a nagging question is why the benefits of new agricultural technology often appear to by-pass poorer farmers &ndash; even when they are the &lsquo;target&rsquo; group.</p><p>Our review focuses on technology for food crop production in low and lower middle income countries (LLMIC) and the productivity gains farmers achieve when adopting them. It is also concerned with other impacts, positive and negative, that may accrue, for example with respect to health, food security or environmental services. Both individually and collectively managed technologies are considered.</p><p>This review is directed to an audience of policy-makers and practitioners in the agricultural research area and to development studies academics. It has two main objectives:</p><ul><li>Providing policy makers and practitioners a more realistic understanding of the outcomes that can be expected from technological change as well as of the opportunities to shape the innovation environment so as to favour a productive agriculture supporting broad-based livelihoods;</li><li>Informing the academic community on key gaps in evidence and on the evolution of theory and its drivers in this field.</li></ul><p>This appears to be the first systematic review of the conditions and circumstances under which productivity gains are achieved from the adoption of agricultural technology, either globally or by region.</p>

03 Dec 2014 16:09:56 GMT

Employment Program in the Flood Affected Areas

<p>The focus of this study is to address the livelihoods loss issue in conjunction with the rebuilding of small infrastructure. Based on a rapid assessment of flood affected areas, the study identifies employment programmes at the village level that created short term livelihood possibilities for the poorest affected. Given the nature of work as well as the area affected, cost estimates for each scheme have been drawn and then aggregated at the provincial and national levels. Provision of costs for both the federal and provincial governments is important given prevailing budget constraints faced by these governments.</p>

03 Dec 2014 09:30:44 GMT

Mainstreaming Pakistan for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus (REDD+): The way forward to readiness phase

<p>The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has provided a platform to the international community to negotiate and take measures for climate change mitigation. The concept of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation Plus (REDD+) was developed as an incentive based mitigation mechanism to address the potential role of forestry up to 17 - 25 % reported share towards Green House Gases (GHG) emissions reduction.</p><p>Pakistan is a low forest cover country but has a significant potential for REDD+ for which it has a long list of endeavours to enter into the global mainstream in order to bring future REDD+ into its practice and for the benefit of local community together with global contribution towards mitigation response. This paper analyses the global dynamics, existing national and international policies and local governance setup, and aims at providing policy recommendations through a framework of actions to meet all requirements of REDD+, especially for the setting up of good governance model moving from Readiness (2011-2012) to Mainstreaming phase from 2013 onward.</p><p>The paper chronicles Pakistan&rsquo;s involvement with all the Conference of Parties (COP) from COP-11 to COP-17 and the country&rsquo;s commitment to meet all the REDD+ requirements especially with the commemoration of 2011 as the International Year of Forests (IYF).</p><p>As green beds, forests provide links to our livelihoods and insurance against the climate challenge. The year 2011 is, which provides an opportunity to evolve work on sustainable forestry. The paper notes that Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in collaboration with Pakistani Ministry of Environment has initiated pioneering work on REDD, and launched the &quot;Pakistan Carbon Initiative (PCI)&quot; to further drive the REDD initiative.</p><p>In addition to the above measures and to fully achieve the REDD+ goals, the paper concludes by suggesting several government and NGO interventions that will accelerate Pakistan&rsquo;s readiness phase.</p>

02 Dec 2014 20:18:53 GMT

Lead exposure and children: blood lead levels in school children resulting from leaded petrol use and increasing road traffic in Pakistan

<p>Increasing prosperity and population growths in many developing countries are resulting in accelerated growth in vehicle population and vehicle kilometres travelled. In Pakistan, the number of vehicles have jumped from 0.8 million to about 4.0 million within 20 years showing an overall increase of more than 400 %. Accordingly, the consumption of petrol (motor spirit) has increased from 828,670 metric tons to 1,189,042 metric tons. The high content of lead in petrol is a serious issue, as the end product of it is the release of lead into the environment and considering its devastating effect on children in developing countries with dietary deficiencies</p><p>Experimental and epidemiological evidence suggests that lead is a neurotoxin, which impairs brain development in children even at levels considered safe. Blood lead levels (BPbLs) was studied in 900 healthy school children (boys &amp; girls), mostly below 15 years of age and from lower income families, in some cities of Pakistan. The overall mean BPbLs (micrograms per decilitre) in three cities were 22.8 +/- 3.30, 19.00 +/- 6.48 and 2.30 +/- 0.19 (rural site). Details of these investigations and government National Environment Action Plan (NEAP), with special reference to clean air by providing clean fuel and taking other air pollution control measures are described and discussed in this paper.</p><p>Lead pollution is a crucial environmental and occupational problem and is widely regarded as a health risk. Lead accumulates in the blood, bones and soft tissues and affects the kidneys, liver, nervous system and blood forming organs with different residence times in the body. Studies throughout the world have indicated that children are especially sensitive to lead. To curtail its effect on children, the author makes the following suggestions:</p><ul><li>Formulation of ambient air quality standards and monitoring</li><li>Revision of national environmental quality standards for vehicular emissions to include all criteria pollutants.</li><li>Periodic testing of vehicles for emission and quality of unleaded petrol at petrol stations.</li><li>Further promotion of compressed natural gas (CNG), including its use in public transport.</li><li>Management of fuel price differential to encourage substitution of polluting fuels with cleaner fuels.</li><li>Improved traffic management.</li><li>Upgrading of road transport infrastructure and improvement of urban planning to minimize travel distance.</li></ul><p>Follow up study on environmental health impacts on children in particular, especially due to lead, to examine the impact of unleaded petrol supply in the country.</p>

02 Dec 2014 20:10:32 GMT

Climate change and national security

<p>Security can be measured at four different levels individual security, national security, regional security and global security, according to relevance of the situation and the subject. Global leaders are concerned about global security and in the same way regional leaders are concerned about regional security. National leaders are concerned about national security. Consequently most of the time individual security is compromised. Although all four levels of security are important, individual security is fundamental for ensuring the other three types of security.</p><p>This paper asserts that security is directly linked to climate change. Climate change will impact security at all levels, individual, national, regional and global security. In the context of Pakistan and for the purposes of this paper, two potential threat areas- water and agriculture-were examined.</p><p>Water availability variability and water related disasters would increase manifold as IPCC predicted and water availability will be impacted by variability in climate. In the short run glaciers will melt with more speed, which can lead to floods. In addition to that erratic rainfalls can also increase the incidence of floods in the near future. The flood in 2010 in Pakistan is quoted as a major example of floods caused by erratic rainfalls. The Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) can also create severe problems, as Atta Abad Lake is another prominent example. Furthermore, the paper states that both floods and droughts will impact the productivity of agriculture and livestock. Productivity and production of the sector will decrease.</p><p>In the past, the security dimension was missing from all the assessments made by the government of Pakistan. Loss of livelihood opportunities, houses, basic services, food and so on inevitably lead to social unrest and even violence and can ignite riots and conflicts in the short term. This can eventually lead to severe controversy, especially due to migration and limited resources and subsequently can threaten national peace and security.</p><p>Concluding, the author recommends that the government should develop civil institutes to minimize the impact of disasters, create institutes to ensure food security despite the unpredictability of climate change, plan according for the future and take innovative steps to tackle climate change.</p>

02 Dec 2014 16:34:14 GMT

Coal-fired power generation in Pakistan: a policy paper

<p>In coal-fired power generation, the global trend is towards improving the efficiency of thermal power plants by generating more electricity while using the minimum quantity of fuel (Natural Gas, Coal and Residual Fuel Oil) as well as lowering emissions. In fact, High Efficiency and Low Emissions is the collective mantra of the 21st century with coal-fired power plants in operation having reached a thermal efficiency of 45%. Higher efficiency translates into less consumption of coal to generate a single unit of electricity while reducing carbon dioxide emissions, mercury and local air pollutants, releasing less local air pollutants, consuming less water, and leaving a smaller environmental footprint. Above all, it means lower tariffs for consumers.&nbsp;</p><p>In pursuit of energy security and reliable as well as economical energy supply, the Government of Pakistan (GoP) is exploring coal as a power source. However, the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) has failed to address high efficiency for low-cost power generation on coal. This paper is therefore an analysis of the current status of coal-fired power generation in Pakistan and provides policy recommendations on the way forward.</p><p>The authors use examples from China, Germany, Canada, Japan, Korea, Bangladesh and India to show that ultra-super critical coal power generation is widely accepted as an efficient method of generating power.</p><p>In Pakistan, the challenge is to meet the energy demand and to keep tariffs low, while ensuring low risk to environment-vulnerability.</p><p>In light of the findings and analysis, some of the policy recommendations are:</p><ul><li>Regulation of coal-fired power generation to operate under the principles of High Efficiency, Low Emissions (HELE)</li><li>Revision of the stated efficiencies of thermal units according to the international standards of ultra-super critical power plants</li><li>Establishment of a transparent investment process on coal-fired power plants</li><li>Reformation of energy regulations.</li><li>Exploration of&nbsp;low-cost power generation</li><li>Re-establishment of the link between energy security and sustainable development.</li></ul>

01 Dec 2014 16:42:41 GMT

Climate Change: Implications for Cities

<p>This document is one of a series synthesizing the most pertinent findings of IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) for specific economic and business sectors. It was born of the belief that the cities sector could make more use of AR5, which is long and highly technical, if it were distilled into an accurate, accessible, timely, relevant and readable summary.</p><p>Key findings include:</p><ol><li>many emerging climate change risks are concentrated in urban areas</li><li>climate change impacts on cities are increasing</li><li>the world&rsquo;s urban population is forecast almost to double by 2050, increasing the number of people and assets exposed to climate change risks</li><li>steps that build resilience and enable sustainable development in urban areas can accelerate successful climate change adaptation globally</li><li>the greatest potential for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions may lie in rapidly developing cities in industrialising countries.</li></ol><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

28 Nov 2014 14:04:31 GMT

Rapid desk-based study: Understanding the relative strength of climate signals compared to other expected development results

<p>This rapid desk-based study provides evidence for understanding the relative strength of climate signals compared to other expected development results. The report summarises overall findings in a &lsquo;traffic light&rsquo; rating (red, amber, green) and sets out some of the contested nature of findings. It also summarises the evidence to understand climate signals as drivers of development. The work is intended to help decision makers understand some of the trends that are arising, and how this is impacting vulnerability to climate change in specific contexts.<br /><br />The study has been structured in order to briefly review the relative strength of climate signals across four thematic areas:</p><ul><li>health, with a focus on malaria</li><li>agriculture, considering cash crops and food security</li><li>urban and transport infrastructure aspects of economic development; and</li><li>disaster resilience, including an analysis of migration, as this was considered an indication where adaptation strategies were limited</li></ul>

27 Nov 2014 13:36:58 GMT

Political considerations relevant to energy and economic growth

<p>The purpose of this document is to undertake a rapid desk based study to identify evidence on institutional/political considerations linking large scale energy investments and economic growth to inform a&nbsp; DFID research project.<br /><br />The review finds a huge literature on the topic political economy and energy. The relative dearth of &ldquo;academic literature&rdquo; on some of these issues is amply made up with the literature from &ldquo;practitioners&rdquo;. The conventional wisdom now frequently explains the relative lack of progress in the world of energy sector reform, the rationalisation of prices and subsidies, and the desired shift to low carbon energy in terms of the constraints of &lsquo;political economy&rsquo; rather than due to other more traditional explanations. All energy systems, whether predominantly in the public or private sector, need some form of regulation and are subject to important tax and subsidy regimes, all of which are associated with lobbying, rent seeking and winnersand losers.</p><p>The literature is reviewed covering:</p><ul><li>political economy and fossil fuels, (including oil and the &ldquo;resource curse&rdquo;, coal, and fossil fuel subsidies)</li><li>the political economy of power sector reform (including feed in tariffs, and power pools)</li><li>the political economy analysis of low carbon growth</li><li>the energy mix and the shift to renewables, and</li><li>the political economy of energy &ldquo;access&rdquo; and the distribution of energy services (including energy and gender).</li></ul><p>The energy sector does not appear to present particular challenges for political economy analysis methods, even so valuable research could be undertaken to push the methodological frontier in the application of political economy analysis and related methods.</p>

27 Nov 2014 13:24:37 GMT

‘Energetic’ dialogues in South Africa: the US example

<p>South Africa and the US have both recently attempted to take concrete action to transform their respective energy futures. This is happening against the backdrop of major shifts in the global energy landscape and South Africa&rsquo;s own need for new energy partnerships. After their energy relations hit a rough patch in 2012 with the imposition of US oil sanctions against Iran, the US&ndash;SA energy partnership has been nudged in a new direction by US President Barack Obama&rsquo;s launch of the &lsquo;Power Africa&rsquo; initiative in Cape Town in 2013. Part of this emerging partnership is a joining of forces to improve access to energy across Africa.</p><p>Given this recent warming in relations, this policy briefing presents the salient features of the emerging US&ndash;SA energy dialogue, with a focus on shale gas and renewable energy sources.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>despite three broad objectives (energy security, poverty eradication and economic growth), US initiatives in Africa have targeted few countries and could benefit from further expansion</li><li>South Africa has been cautious about adopting new technology enabling the exploitation of its shale beds. It should continue on this path given its water constraints and should resist caving in to pressure due to its domestic energy crisis if it is to emerge environmentally unscathed</li><li>the growing US&ndash;South Africa energy dialogue requires ongoing monitoring over the long run to see how it could inform and benefit both technology exchanges and partnerships with the continent</li></ul>

27 Nov 2014 13:14:36 GMT

Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change - Bulkeley - 2012 - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers - Wiley Online Library

<p>In this paper, we argue for an approach that goes beyond an institutional reading of urban climate governance to engage with the ways in which government is accomplished through social and technical practices. Central to the exercise of government in this manner, we argue, are &lsquo;climate change experiments&rsquo; &ndash; purposive interventions in urban socio-technical systems designed to respond to the imperatives of mitigating and adapting to climate change in the city. Drawing on three different concepts &ndash; of governance experiments, socio-technical experiments, and strategic experiments &ndash; we first develop a framework for understanding the nature and dynamics of urban climate change experiments. We use this conceptual analysis to frame a scoping study of the global dimensions of urban climate change experimentation in a database of 627 urban climate change experiments in 100 global cities. The analysis charts when and where these experiments occur, the relationship between the social and technical aspects of experimentation and the governance of urban climate change experimentation, including the actors involved in their governing and the extent to which new political spaces for experimentation are emerging in the contemporary city. We find that experiments serve to create new forms of political space within the city, as public and private authority blur, and are primarily enacted through forms of technical intervention in infrastructure networks, drawing attention to the importance of such sites in urban climate politics. These findings point to an emerging research agenda on urban climate change experiments that needs to engage with the diversity of experimentation in different urban contexts, how they are conducted in practice and their impacts and implications for urban governance and urban life.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

26 Nov 2014 17:22:11 GMT

Gender justice and climate justice: community-based strategies to increase women’s political agency in watershed management in times of climate change

<p>Women are one of the groups which are disproportionately affected by climate change in developing countries, especially in relation to culturally prescribed roles related to water management. Women are however, often un-represented in decision-making related to climate change. This article describes initiatives which promoted women&rsquo;s participation through south-north partnerships in urban areas of Brazil, Canada, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa. The article begins by outlining how poverty and gendered inequalities are not only overlooked in environmental policies, but affect participation in their formulation itself. It highlights the crucial role of grassroots civil society in addressing these inequalities and promoting climate justice. The Sister&rsquo;s Watershed Project, linked universities in Toronto, Canada and Sao Paulo, Brazil, to address the lack of female participation in watershed policies through education and training of a variety of grassroots stakeholders. The second project, which dealt with climate change adaptation in three Africa cities &ndash; Durban, Nairobi and Maputo &ndash; focussed on strengthening the role of civil society to characterise and influence the institutional framework for urban water governance. The authors argue that women&rsquo;s knowledge of local water conditions is incomparable and must be shared and incorporated into local, national and international decision-making and processes, in order for climate change responses to be just.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:30:17 GMT

Participatory planning, justice, and climate change in Durban, South Africa

<p>This academic article explores how participatory governance in urban environmental planning was implemented and experience in Durban, a coastal city in South Africa. The author, Aylett, contextualises participatory governance with the literatures on social justice and climate change. He highlights how participation has been promoted as a method to achieve social justice concerns, yet its impacts have often either just resulted in top-down agendas, or led to exclusion of the typically marginalised, thus perpetuating inequalities. &nbsp;The author acknowledges that the conceptualisation of participation has had impacts upon how it has produced and reproduced power imbalances at local scales, and draws on the philosophical work of Habermas and Foucault to outline the point. Next, he illustrates how participation concerns have pervaded the climate change discourse through the language of climate justice, where it is advocated that inclusive deliberation and decision-making will engage communities to actively participate in planning a future related to climate change which has equitable benefits and impacts. Aylett goes on to explore how participation, with the goal of climate justice, played out in Durban. He finds that deliberative structures and participatory planning and budgeting were successfully institutionalised in the municipality, which led to the participation of previously excluded groups. However, participations did not break down existing unequal patterns of energy consumption, nor did they have substantive impact on implementation of climate change related policies; their low budget prioritisation by the government being an example. Furthermore, conflicts between civil society and government prevented deliberative participatory governance in certain instances and led to greater participation and representation of needs from specific wards. The author calls for greater civil society contribution to formal participatory processes in future. By making the conflict productive, in the right forums, it could even out representation and action on climate change related policies.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:20:26 GMT

Justice in urban climate change adaptation: criteria and application to Delhi

<p>The authors argue that it is not only important to understand if adaptation as it is implemented in cities is just, but that the way in which it is conceptualized and planned must be just too. They call for the development of clear criteria for identifying justice in urban scale climate change responses. This article is organized into three sections. It begins by contextualizing the concept of climate justice at the urban level by describing the adaptation challenges faced by cities and how vulnerabilities intersect with them. The second section discusses the ways in which justice could be considered, through first representing vulnerable groups in the planning processes of climate change adaptation; second through prioritizing their needs and,; third, impacts and outcomes which enhance their freedoms and assets. It adds that in order to account for the issues faced by vulnerable groups viz-a-viz climate change, one has to recognize the potential mechanisms of injustice. They present a four-point criteria for identifying injustice at the urban level, which includes:&nbsp;<br />i) the political economy of poverty &ndash; the politics of citizenship, inclusion, exclusion and representation at the city-level which can lead to marginalized groups&nbsp;<br />ii) thick injustice &ndash; deeply rooted injustice which emerges as a result of historic decision-making and governance at the city-level which is difficult to identify and thus counter&nbsp;<br />iii) technocratic governance &ndash; activities pursued in languages and data which are technical and thus exclude citizens without such experience or fluency<br />&nbsp;iii) institutional capacities &ndash; insufficient capacity administrative, technical or financial capacities at the local government level to pursue just climate change policies</p><p>The article uses this thinking to explore climate justice and injustice in the case of Delhi through a range of interviews with government, NGOs and academia. It highlighted that the city, although an early adopter of climate change adaptation, did not satisfy any of three criteria for justice. It found that the political economy of poverty and insufficient government capacity were the drivers of this injustice. The author calls for more research into these mechanisms of injustice, and a broader consideration in future climate change policies and planning of how citizenship and participation impact the potential for urban climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:00:55 GMT

Contesting climate justice in the city: Examining politics and practice in urban climate change experiments

<p>The concept of climate justice has been debated and contested at the scale of international climate change negotiations. Bulkeley and colleagues introduce the ways in which climate justice is being conceptualised, debated and pursued at the urban scale. They suggest it is practical and necessary to do so to achieve the broad aims of climate justice, because while attempts at international level seek to reduce power inequalities between states, such inequalities also exist within nation-states and impact upon the experience of climate change for the poorest and most vulnerable. This paper is split into three sections, the first considers how climate justice has been framed to date at the international level &ndash; which has focussed on rights and responsibilities, in relation to procedures and distributions. The second argues there is need for expansion of the conceptual framework to include recognition &ndash;&nbsp;in order to capture the multi-dimensional nature of what responses might entail. This is especially important for considering justice at the urban level &ndash; where a number of socio-economic injustices related to climate change are produced and re-produced. The third section illustrates how urban climate change experiments have been pursued and what their implications are in relation to climate justice.</p><p>The authors present cases from five cities: Bangalore, Monterrey, Hong Kong, Philadelphia and Berlin, and highlight how justice was conceptualised, practised and contested in each. They found that when climate justice was framed in terms of responsibilities, there was latent consideration of power imbalances, which impacted upon how mitigation projects were implemented. When framed in terms of rights, there was attention to patterns of advantage and disadvantage in the policy for climate change projects, but this either weakened when it came to implementation, or over-focussed on the rights of one group who were uninterested over the rights of a larger constituency who were keen to address the issue. The authors argue that the incorporation of recognition concerns would be useful as a starting point to explore what types of rights, responsibilities, procedures and distributions should be pursued to achieve forms of climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:57:07 GMT

Climate finance in the urban context

<p>This World Bank issues brief succinctly maps out potential climate financing opportunities for cities. It starts with describing the financing challenges and costs of adapting cities to resilient, low carbon development paths. The second section maps out current sources of urban climate finance, noting of case studies where cities have benefitted. &nbsp;These include, national and international funds for mitigation and adaptation; risk management instruments available to insure cities are protected against the costs of natural disasters and can mobilise finance quickly for emergency and reconstruction; market instruments including carbon finance and climate bonds; and public and private finance sources &nbsp;through direct and indirect investments. The third section argues urban climate finance through improved urban planning and an efficient combination of existing financial resourcing options can leverage new forms of financing from public and private sources. It argues that cities should start to have more influence on the international climate finance agenda by participating in measuring, reporting and verification of GhGs and conducting urban vulnerability and risk assessments. The author concludes by charting a range of ways for cities to become effective conduits for climate funding in future.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:52:32 GMT

Urban low carbon growth: financing opportunities for Indian cities

<p>This report, prepared by ICLEI South Asia with support from the British High Commission in Delhi discusses the opportunities for urban climate finance in Indian cities. It starts by detailing the context of urbanisation in India, and its impacts upon governance at the city and local government levels. It outlines India&rsquo;s impacts with regards global GhG emissions, noting the city areas are the major sources. In order to explore the challenges faced and the opportunities for climate finance, the authors conducted a qualitative review which included interviewing key stakeholders in government, civil society and banks, to understand current sources of climate finance available to urban policymakers, and the barriers. Based on the results, coupled with secondary research, the report proposes various policies, across various sectors, which could pursue low carbon, resilient development in India. Next, it outlines the schemes and financing available at various scales for low carbon urban growth and renewable energy, offering case study examples.</p><p>The authors found that there is a wide range of funding options available to Indian cities. However, poor technical, governance and financial capacities limit local governments to capitalise upon them. The fragmentation of authority through devolution currently leads to problems for unified planning processes at the city level, but presents an opportunity in future for mobilising new and innovative sources of climate finance. Even when finance is made available from multi and bi-lateral donors, local governments face difficulties in tracking and accessing the funds. This creates barriers to implementation, even when a unified policy framework has been put in place. Even with transparent financing, Indian local governments face a series of challenges which hamper attempts at implementation, which are outlined by the authors. Greater private sector involvement would help to mobilise finance, but private investors remain hesitant due to bureaucratic problems which great too great a risk for them to pursue the investment. The authors outline a range of responses to reduce those risks.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:48:35 GMT

Climate finance for cities and buildings - a handbook for local governments

<p>This handbook has been developed by UNEP to provide an overview and capacity-building for local government stakeholders about mechanisms to finance climate change adaption and mitigation. The second chapter lays out the international context to climate change mitigation, including the key challenges and opportunities for both cities and buildings, suggesting some tools to access climate finance. The third outlines the &lsquo;Measuring, Reporting and Verification&rsquo; (MRV) principles, arguing they are very important for GHG mitigation activities. Chapter four, still focussing on cities and building, describes both climate and carbon finance and their key access mechanisms. The report utilises case urban studies which implemented mitigation from climate and carbon finance in order to demonstrate best practise and learnings from climate and carbon finance.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:44:35 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Study on effluents from selected sugar mills in Pakistan: potential environmental, health, and economic consequences of an excessive pollution load

<p>Pakistan&rsquo;s sugar industry, considered to be one of the best organised industrial sectors in the country, is also among the country&rsquo;s leading economic enterprises, directly or indirectly employing over 10 million people (Hagler Bailley, 1999). Comprising 77 mills, 38 in the province of Punjab, 32 in Sindh, six in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), and one in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), the industry produced nearly four million tons of sugar during 2003-04 and has a full production capacity estimated at five million tons, well exceeding the estimated domestic demand of 3.6 million tons (GOP 2002-03). Almost the entirety of the sugar output is used domestically while molasses, a by-product of sugar production, is mostly exported to other countries. A few sugar mills also use part of the molasses to produce industrial alcohol (ethyl alcohol) a significant quantity of which is exported.</p><p>Pollution control measures for such a large-scale industrial operation must be carefully planned to minimise risks to health and environment. The sugar production process is known to produce substantial levels of solid waste, water and noise pollution. The highly polluted wastewater from sugar mills, in particular, poses a substantial danger to health and environmental quality.</p><p>This paper explores the health and environmental impacts of waste water releases from the sugar industry, particularly in terms of pollutant parameters that are found to exceed NEQS; the amount of pollution charge, as calculated under the notified government environmental rules and regulations, which the industry will have to bear over the years if it fails to comply with NEQS; and the international trade implications of not meeting environmental standards. It also appraises the technical and regulatory context in which the wastewater problem may be tackled, discussing existing environmental policies and legislation and available options including technologies for the reduction of wastewater volume and pollution load, end of pipe treatment, and recycling/reuse of waste water.</p><p>The recommendations that this paper makes include the following:</p><ul><li>to enhance the identification and implementation of appropriate control measures, industry should consider carrying out periodic &ldquo;waste audits&rdquo;, particularly for water use, to identify the level of waste discharge</li><li>government can encourage compliance with environmental standards by fostering favourable regulatory and financial conditions</li><li>government agencies can also facilitate domestic initiatives and cooperation by providing forums and opportunities for stakeholders to come together and tackle environmental issues in collaborative processes, such as the one effectively executed for the determination of the pollution charge system and self-monitoring and reporting /SMART programme</li></ul>

05 Dec 2014 13:05:34 GMT

Pakistan’s trade and environment related interests and suggested positions to be discussed at the Geneva WTO ministerial negotiations

<p>The increasing liberalization of the Multilateral Trading System along with other external factors continues to influence and shape Pakistan&rsquo;s global economic position. Currently the Asian market&rsquo;s ripple effects, increased imports and falling exports are the predominant trade factors. The cross cutting issue of trade and environment continues to be a hindrance for the developing world&rsquo;s efforts at gaining increased market access and this will require close monitoring by Pakistan.</p><p>This policy brief summarizes relevant positions that Pakistan could articulate in future negotiations when responding to trade and environment issues. While the intent of the paper is to outline external strategies that Pakistan could take, internal strategies will also be covered to a lesser degree in order to treat overlap and emphasize the need for inter agency and inter sectoral cooperation. It is hoped that a more collaborative research-supported, phased and monitored approach to trade and environment issues will aid Pakistan and the developing world in general to integrate into the global economy while achieving sustainable development goals and objectives.</p><p>Fortunately for developing countries, the Northern environmental agenda was stopped at the Seattle ministerial meeting through solid resistance from a unified South. The reality, however, is that trade and environment issues will continue to be part of the agenda during future rounds of WTO negotiations.</p><p>The paper is therefore states that there is a need to examine all related factors like consistency of trade measures taken for environmental purposes, environment and trade liberalization issues, trade measures taken pursuant to Multi lateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), trade effects of environmental measures, market access and environment, export of domestically prohibited goods, dispute settlement process, eliminating subsidies, trade related intellectual property rights and biodiversity.</p><p>The paper concludes by declaring that until recently, all debates within the CTE has revealed the in-built inequities and inherent imbalances in dealing with environmental issues. There is therefore a need to ensure that the Southern environmental agenda is also brought into the discourse. This position should place the trade and environment discourse within the broader framework of sustainable livelihoods, poverty alleviation, social and environmental justice, and the expansion of ecological and human security. The onus for such a position in Pakistan, the author asserts, lies with Government, scholars and policy oriented NGOs.</p>

02 Dec 2014 19:30:08 GMT

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

Held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum focused on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion included the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and....

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:51:00 GMT

Can you have your green cake and eat it too? Environmental policies as an ingredient for economic growth - Insights Blog

In today’s hard times, policy-makers can find it difficult to sell their environmental policies. To many, these policies represent a burden on the economy.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:13:00 GMT

A clearer picture of climate-related development finance

The world will need more and better targeted financing to meet the challenges of global development post-2015. This means taking important decisions not only on what qualifies as official development assistance (ODA), but also on how those flows can be most strategically used.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 15:51:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

Find out how the OECD participated in the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) which took place from 1-12 December in Lima, Peru.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 17:43:00 GMT

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014

This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management of marine ecosystem services and water.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 12:09:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

This meeting addressed green growth policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, water governance in line with green economy requirements, and reporting on the Task Force programme implementation and plans for 2015.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:00:00 GMT

The Ripple Effect: Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Insights blog

The world is facing unprecedented stresses, and we are going to need an unprecedented response. We’re doing our best to help create that response at the OECD.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Country profiles: OECD Indicators

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 17:29:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

Oil price fall 'not Opec's fault'

Oil-rich Gulf states vow not to cut crude production, blaming speculators and producers outside the Opec group for falling prices.

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 20:54:12 GMT

South Korea cuts growth forecasts

Asia's fourth largest economy, South Korea, cuts its growth forecast for this year and next as consumer and business sentiment weakens.

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 03:11:50 GMT

B&Q's Kingfisher to sell China stake

Home improvements retailer Kingfisher agrees to sell a controlling stake in B&Q China to Wumei Holdings in a cash deal estimated to be worth £140m

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 07:49:19 GMT

Asian shares higher in thin trade

Asian markets headed higher on Monday, although trading was thin at the start of a working week shortened by the Christmas break.

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 07:15:15 GMT

North Sea oil summit announced

Aberdeen City Council announces it is to hold a summit to look at the challenges facing the North Sea oil industry.

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 18:52:40 GMT

Job creation likely in 2015 says CBI

Half of UK firms plan to expand their workforce next year, with more permanent jobs being created than temporary ones, the CBI business lobby group says.

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 06:56:52 GMT

Companies face 'bloodbath' in Russia

The chief executive of Renault Nissan says manufacturers in Russia are facing a "bloodbath" because of the plunge in the value of the rouble.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 17:36:26 GMT

Apple 'deeply offended' by BBC story

Apple has said it is "deeply offended" by a BBC investigation into conditions for workers involved in manufacturing its devices.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 14:05:38 GMT

Blackberry in revenue slide

Troubled smartphone maker Blackberry reports a larger than expected drop in revenue, as it struggles to convince consumers to buy its phones.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 20:57:23 GMT

Nigeria in new bid to defend naira

Nigeria's central bank brings in further measures to support its currency, the naira, which fell to record lows this week.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 13:34:31 GMT

Belarus moves to protect currency

Belarus's central bank moves to protect its currency by imposing a new tax, as it feels the knock-on effects of the fall in the Russian rouble.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 18:03:28 GMT

Trade deal protest falls on deaf ears

Anti-trade deal protesters vent their anger in Brussels but EU leaders have already gone home.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 10:38:55 GMT

China revises up 2013 economy size

China revises up the size of its economy in 2013 by 3.4%, which works out to about the size of Malaysia's economic output.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 06:26:58 GMT

Hellmann's drops eggless mayo case

The company that makes Hellmann's mayonnaise, Unilever, is dropping its planned court case against an American company that makes an eggless variety.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 11:58:10 GMT

HK tycoon found guilty of corruption

Hong Kong property tycoon Thomas Kwok and a former government official have been found guilty in the city's biggest-ever corruption case.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 08:59:33 GMT

VIDEO: Questions over car safety in India

The Indian government has said it will tighten road safety laws, spurred by an international consumer body crash testing seven popular Indian-made cars and finding them unsafe.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 12:48:14 GMT

VIDEO: Namibia's 'life-giving' ideas lab

A place where entrepreneurs can turn their ideas into products, the BBC visits Namibia's "fabrication laboratory".

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 12:38:08 GMT

VIDEO: Indian movies made in Singapore

A young filmmaker in Singapore is trying to make his own Indian movie. Abbas Akbar even sold his house and set up a business to bankroll the project.

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 02:06:49 GMT

VIDEO: Are pomegranates key to Afghan future?

Daud Qarizadah reports on plans to replace poppies with pomegranates in Afghanistan's agriculture industry.

Thu, 04 Dec 2014 13:34:59 GMT

VIDEO: Benin's address-less city

Residents of Cotonou - the economic capital of Benin - are hoping the addition of street names and house numbers will help improve the economy.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 13:47:52 GMT

VIDEO: Robot: 'The transit van of the sea'

The chief executive of a specialist engineering firm explains what the underwater robots it builds are capable of.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:19:13 GMT

VIDEO: Sony cyber attack leaves questions

Sony Pictures, the movie distribution arm of the Japanese consumer electronics giant, has been the target of a cyber attack. But there are few details.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 02:10:10 GMT

VIDEO: Tackling Asia's ageing population

Asia's population is rapidly ageing, but many countries in the region are ill-equipped to deal with the older generation.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 03:11:36 GMT

VIDEO: African Dream: Banker turned shoemaker

As part of the African Dream series, we profile an entrepreneur who turned his back on banking to set up a shoemaking company in Ghana.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:02:14 GMT

Zimbabwe issues coins for Christmas

Special coins issued by Zimbabwe's central bank go into circulation in the run-up to Christmas, to help shoppers who usually get change in sweets.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 17:54:58 GMT

Rihanna's new job... at Puma

Singer Rihanna will "directly influence product collections" in her new role as women's creative director at Puma.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 11:42:32 GMT

US stocks surge on Fed statement

The US Federal Reserve leaves interest rates on hold and says it "can be patient" over any decision to raise them, sending stocks higher.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 23:52:57 GMT

Brazil company executives charged

Brazilian prosecutors charged 35 executives from the country's largest engineering companies in connection with the Petrobras corruption scandal.

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 23:57:32 GMT

Banks in Toys R Us research fine

US regulators fine 10 Wall Street banks for promising positive research to Toys R Us in exchange for winning its business.

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 21:51:26 GMT

Aer Lingus rejects bid by BA owner

British Airways owner IAG says that Irish carrier Aer Lingus has rejected its takeover offer.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 17:05:53 GMT

Russia plans new action over rouble

Russia says it is planning new measures to stabilise the rouble after its slump against the dollar.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:32:12 GMT

Apple halts Russian online sales

Technology giant Apple says it cannot currently sell products online in Russia because the rouble's value is too volatile for it to set prices.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 12:27:36 GMT

Fall in oil prices 'temporary'

Recent falls in the price of oil are likely to be temporary, says the oil minister for Saudi Arabia, Opec's biggest producing nation.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 14:21:12 GMT

Oil price forces new Nigeria budget

The prolonged slump in the price of oil forces oil-export dependent Nigeria to revise its budget plans, prompting its currency to fall to a record low.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 16:06:15 GMT

Brent oil price falls below $59

The price of Brent crude oil has fallen below $59 a barrel for the first time since May 2009.

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 16:49:37 GMT

Thai tuna firm buys US rival

The world's largest canned tuna producer Thai Union Frozen Products is buying US rival Bumble Bee Foods for $1.5bn (£96m).

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 04:48:34 GMT

India SpiceJet planes 'grounded'

India's troubled airline SpiceJet grounds all flights after oil companies refuse to refuel any of its planes, media reports say.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 07:04:35 GMT

Australia's budget deficit to widen

Australia's government said it expects the nation's deficit to grow to $40.4bn Australian dollars ($33.2bn) in the 12 months to June.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 07:08:58 GMT

Hereford Utd wound up over tax debt

Hereford United is wound up by the High Court over money owed to HM Revenue and Customs.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 19:05:33 GMT

SPFL withholds Gers cash over EBTs

The SPFL is to withhold £250,000 due to Rangers for broadcast fees to cover a fine relating to employee benefit trusts.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 07:57:32 GMT

Fifa dismisses Garcia complaint

Fifa dismisses a complaint from its own World Cup corruption investigator Michael Garcia as well as two whistleblowers.

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 13:28:56 GMT

Social shopping takes off in Asia

Retailers are pulling out all the stops to increase their presence on social networks and garner word of mouth referrals online, as Asians increasingly turn to social media for shopping.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 20:04:41 GMT

Thwarting retail's 'returnaholics'

Thieves, counterfeiters and "returnaholics" are a retailer's biggest headache - but new tagging technology could stop them in their tracks.

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 00:01:55 GMT

Retail robots: The droid at till no 7

The days of the shop assistant could be numbered – the robot uprising has begun. At least on the High Street, where robots are hitting the shop floor.

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 00:23:04 GMT

The people working on Christmas Day

While most of us will be relaxing on Christmas Day, spare a thought for the many people who will be working.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 00:33:32 GMT

Building the biggest baby food firm

How Paul Lindley, the boss of Ella's Kitchen, built up the UK's largest baby food business.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 00:02:03 GMT

Unwrapping Africa's red tape

Malawian business tycoon Mike Mlombwa tells the BBC how to deal with red tape and stay on the right side of the law when doing business.

Tue, 16 Dec 2014 01:41:12 GMT

Hyundai and Kia in record settlement

US regulators announce that carmakers Hyundai and Kia have agreed to a record settlement for overstating the fuel economy of their cars, in violation of the Clean Air Act.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 08:19:34 GMT

Nissan profits boosted by US sales

One of Japan's biggest carmakers, Nissan, reports a 25% increase in half-year profits as strong US sales help to offset weaker demand elsewhere.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:35:49 GMT

Strong rise in Toyota's China sales

Japanese carmaker Toyota saw a strong rise in sales through its two joint ventures in China last month.

Mon, 03 Nov 2014 07:53:10 GMT

Remembering the InterCity 125

Interactive video remembering the InterCity 125

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 23:47:44 GMT

The firm that tests the world's ships

The Norwegian firm that tests the world's ships and oil rigs

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 23:50:02 GMT

Digging for diversity in Botswana

Botswana's plans to move away from a reliance on diamonds

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 23:55:59 GMT

How German Christmas markets came to the UK

How German markets have exploded across the UK

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 10:04:07 GMT

Tough at the top: 2014's troubled bosses

The leading bosses who had a rotten 2014

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 10:06:20 GMT

Budapest's underground escape craze

The underground escape games taking Hungary by storm

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:01:30 GMT

Global debt: How worried should we be?

How worried should we be?

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:10:21 GMT

Crossrail: Tunnelling beneath London

A rare look into how Crossrail is taking shape below London

Sat, 20 Dec 2014 01:45:43 GMT

How are Venezuelans coping with tumbling oil prices?

How Venezuelans are affected by falling oil prices

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 01:17:24 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Saudi- Muhammad Ali hospitalized with mild pneumonia

(MENAFN - Arab News) LOUISVILLE: Boxing legend Muhammad Ali was in stable condition after being hospitalized with a "mild" case of pneumonia his spokesman Bob Gunnell said.The 72-y...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 08:58:12 GMT

Al-Naimi is 'confident' oil prices will improve

(MENAFN - Arab News) ABU DHABI: Petroleum and Mineral Resources Minister Ali Al-Naimi said he was confident world prices would improve after a slide he blamed partly on 'lack of co...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 08:56:11 GMT

Irresponsible non-OPEC output behind oil price plunge: UAE

(MENAFN - Arab News) ABU DHABI: "Irresponsible" levels of output by producers from outside the OPEC oil cartel is among the main causes of the slump in prices the UAE energy minist...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 08:56:11 GMT

Orpic to lead Oman representation at ArabPlast

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company (Orpic) will lead Oman's participation in ArabPlast 2015 at the Dubai International Convention &amp; Ex...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 08:09:55 GMT

Saudi produces 74 percent of GCC polymer capacity

(MENAFN) The National Petrochemical Industrial Co. (NATPET), a Saudi joint stock company, has revealed that 74 percent of the GCC's polymer capacity, totaling 17.6 million tons, wa...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:40:54 GMT

Algeria worried on falling oil prices

(MENAFN) Algeria, which oil revenues make up 97 percent of its hard currency earnings and 60 percent of the government's budget, is beginning to feel the impact of the fall in oil ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:30:05 GMT

UAE's non-oil trade hits USD142b in H1

(MENAFN) The UAE's Federal Customs Authority (FCA) said that the value of direct total foreign non-oil trade has reached USD142.8 billion during the January-June period of 2014, Ar...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:29:24 GMT

UAE slams non-OPEC members on rising oil production

(MENAFN) The UAE's Ministry of Energy said that the decision made by the Organization of the Petroleum Countries (OPEC) not to cut production was correct despite the prices continu...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:02:59 GMT

Oman's OLC, Spanish CLH sign USD320m contract

(MENAFN) Orpic Logistics Company (OLC), a joint venture between Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries (Orpic), announced it has signed an engineering, procurement and constr...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 07:02:05 GMT

UAE's Hakkasan acquires USD36m The Light Group

(MENAFN) Hakkasan Group, the hospitality and entertainment company owned by Abu Dhabi-based Tasameem Real Estate, announced it has acquired The Light Group from Morgans Hotel Group...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:50:05 GMT

Omani OPWP awards Singaporean firm USD250m water project

(MENAFN) Oman's state-owned Oman Power and Water Procurement Company (OPWP) announced it has awarded a consortium led by the Singaporean Hyflux Ltd and National Power and Water Co ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:27:37 GMT

Oman's SGRF boosts acquisition of local assets

(MENAFN) Oman's State General Reserve Fund (SGRF) announced it has boosted its buying of assets in the local market, particularly shares, due to the massive drop in the prices as t...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:08:41 GMT

Oman's Napco revenue hits USD34.95m in 9M

(MENAFN) Oman's National Aluminum Products Company (Napco) announced it has registered a net profit of over OMR USD1.25 million as well as revenues totaling to USD34.95 million dur...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:07:32 GMT

Dubai's Nakheel to restart USD550m Vietnam project

(MENAFN) Nakheel, the Dubai property developer, announced that it will propose a plan to restart a delayed project in Vietnam's northern province of Quang Ninh, which has an estima...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:06:51 GMT

Etihad Cargo records tonnage high in November

(MENAFN) Etihad Cargo, the freight division of UAE flag carrier Etihad Airways, announced it has carried 53.292 tons of cargo in November across its global network, thus achieving ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 05:06:01 GMT

Cold weather forecast

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) The weather is expected to be relatively cold in most parts of the Kingdom and fair in the Jordan valley and Aqaba.Clouds will build up during the ev...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:14:33 GMT

Israeli warplanes bomb southern Gaza Strip

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Israeli warplanes bombed dawn Saturday, east of Khan Younis in the southern of Gaza Strip.This attack is the first since the end of the Israeli aggre...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:14:12 GMT

Egypt to reopen Rafah crossing: Official

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Egypt will reopen the Rafah border crossing point with the Gaza Strip during the next two days for traffic heading in both directions.The head of th...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:13:54 GMT

Ombudsman Bureau refers 20 cases to ACC: Official

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Ombudsman Bureau has referred a number of complaints involving suspicions of corruption to the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC).The Ombudsman Bureau'...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:13:34 GMT

King departs on a working visit to Bahrain

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) His Majesty King Abdullah II left home on Saturday on a working visit to the Kingdom of Bahrain, where he is expected to meet the Bahraini King, Hama...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:13:11 GMT

Judeh, S. Korean Foreign Minister discuss ties, region

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Minister of Foreign and Expatriates Affairs Nasser Judeh, and his South Korean counterpart Yun Byung-se, discussed bilateral relations and the latest...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:12:50 GMT

Obama signs bill to enhance cooperation with Israel

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) US President Barack Obama on Friday signed legislation to further enhance cooperation between the United States and Israel, mainly in defence and sec...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:12:23 GMT

Border Guards receive 245 Syrian refugees

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Border guards received 245 Syrian refugees during the past 72 hours who crossed into Jordan's territories. They were from different age groups.The bo...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:12:05 GMT

QAIA among top 30 world airports â€â€ survey

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) The Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA) has advanced six points to rank 30 among 246 airports around the world, according to an Airport Service Q...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:11:36 GMT

King holds talks with Bahrain monarch

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) His Majesty King Abdullah II, on Saturday, held talks with King Hamad bin Issa Al Khalifah of Bahrain, on means to cement ties between Jordan and Ba...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:11:13 GMT

Oman to focus on diversifying economy

(MENAFN) Oman's government said that the country is currently focused on finding alternatives for oil and gas revenues by investing heavily in agricultural, industrial, fisheries, ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:11:08 GMT

Prime minister lights Fuhais Christmas tree

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Prime Minister Abdullah Ensour, on Saturday, joined the Christian communities of Jordan celebrations of the advent of Christmas and the new year in ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:10:56 GMT

Prince Hussein launches initiative to help hearing-impaired children

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) His Royal Highness Crown Prince Hussein, on Saturday, launched an initiative to help children born with a hearing impairment to regain their hearing ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:10:30 GMT

Jordan votes in favor of UNSC anti-terrorism, -crime resolution

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Jordan voted in favor of the UN Security Council resolution 2195 on the threats of terrorism and cross border crime.On voting for the motion, Jordan'...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:10:04 GMT

Cold weather to continue

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) A relatively cold and partly cloudy weather will continue on Sunday with a weak chance for rainfall during the day.According to the Jordan Meteorolog...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:09:44 GMT

Authorities execute 11 convicted criminals

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Eleven convicted criminals were put to death early Sunday at the Kingdom's main correctional facility in the south, an official announced.The execute...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:08:59 GMT

Israel to build new settlements in Salfit.

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Israeli occupation forces arrested on Sunday 9 Palestinians from various parts of the occupied West Bank.Palestinian sources reported that the occupa...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:08:12 GMT

Jewish settlers storm Al Aqsa Mosque

(MENAFN - Jordan News Agency) Groups of Jewish settlers on Sunday stormed Al Aqsa Mosque yards via the Al-Magarbah Gate, under the pretext of tourism.According to Petra's reporter...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:07:52 GMT

Port of Salalah welcomes first call from Evergreen

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Port of Salalah has welcomed the first call from Taiwan's Evergreen Line on December 18 2014. The 8452 Twenty feet Equivalent Units (TEUs) M.V. Ever Lively ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:04:01 GMT

Omani-Saudi Investment and Trade Forum to kick off on Monday

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) The Omani-Saudi Investment and Trade Forum will begin after-tomorrow (Monday). The two-day forum is organised by the Public Authority for Investment Promoti...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:04:01 GMT

IFRS to have significant impact on financial reporting: Experts

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) The Muscat Chapter of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) held its annual seminar on International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) a...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:04:01 GMT

Private deposits at commercial banks rise 14% in October

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) The total value of private deposits at commercial banks in the sultanate as of the end of October 2014 rose by 14.3 per cent to RO10.9bn compared to RO9.53b...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:04:00 GMT

Singaporean firm led consortium wins $250mn Quriyat IWP

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) A consortium comprising Hyflux a leading Singapore-based fullyintegrated provider of water and power management solutions and National Power and Water Co ha...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:04:00 GMT

Al Nahda Resort & Spa to organiseBollywood-style New Year celebrations

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Celebrate New Year's Eve Bollywood-style this year with Al Nahda Resort &amp; Spa. The party features actress Sarah Jane Dias currently starring in the hit ...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:03:55 GMT

Bank Nizwa educates college students on Islamic finance

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Bank Nizwa recently organised a special session with the students of Nizwa College of Technology to deliver an introductory yet comprehensive overview of Is...

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 04:03:54 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

Norway has some good measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but significant weaknesses undermine overall effectiveness, says FATF

Norway has taken some good initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but needs to establish overarching policies and strategies, and address significant weaknesses in a number of key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:25:00 GMT

Argentina seriously non-compliant with key articles of Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery doubts Argentina’s commitment to fight foreign bribery. Argentina still has no law to punish companies for foreign bribery or prosecute its citizens who commit this crime abroad. Widespread delays continue to plague complex economic crime investigations.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs edge up to 0.2% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 09:58:00 GMT

UK should keep foreign aid at commendable 0.7% level, says OECD

The United Kingdom has done well to increase its development spending to 0.72% of gross national income despite a challenging budget climate and should strive to maintain that level of aid for the years ahead, according to a new OECD Review.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee says excess capacity and trade friction risks cloud industry outlook

Excess capacity in steel as growth in investment projects outpaces demand will pose risks for the sector for the foreseeable future, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Cape Town on 12 December 2014. The risk of trade conflicts in the industry also appears to have increased of late, they said, and Committee members discussed options for closer co-operation to try and prevent disputes.

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 16:54:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:37:00 GMT

Tax revenues rebounding from the crisis but tax mix varying widely, OECD says

Tax burdens and revenue collection in advanced economies are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis, but the tax mix continues varying widely across countries, according to new OECD research published today.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:24:00 GMT

International Anti-Corruption Day

As part of the International Anti-Corruption Day, the OECD has joined Member and Partner countries and other International Organisations in raising awareness about the costs and detrimental effects of corruption.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD unemployment rate at 7.2% in October 2014

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 16:26:00 GMT

Better education and skills are key to shift the economy up a gear, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

Latin America’s GDP growth rate has slowed down in 2014, dropping below 1.5%. This is the first time in a decade that the region grows less than the OECD average, according to the OECD Development Centre, the Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean and the development bank for Latin America. Given the projections in the past weeks, any recovery in 2015 is likely to be challenging.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 15:30:00 GMT

Inequality hurts economic growth, finds OECD research

Reducing income inequality would boost economic growth, according to new OECD analysis. This work finds that countries with lower income inequality grow faster than those with higher inequality.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 00:10:00 GMT

Economic stagnation compounds demographic pressure on pension systems, says OECD

Low growth, low interest rates and low returns on investment linked to the slow global economy are now compounding the problems of population ageing for both public and private pension systems, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, December 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued loss of growth momentum in Europe

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 09:29:00 GMT

Spain has strong measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing but improvements needed, says FATF

Spain has created a strong system to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but improvements are needed in certain key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 14:19:00 GMT

Assessing tax levels and the tax mix in OECD countries: Revenue Statistics 2014 and Consumption Tax Trends 2014 to launch on Wednesday 10 December 2014, 00:01 a.m. (CET)

Tax burdens and revenue collection across the OECD countries are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, the tax mix continues varying widely across the advanced economies.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 11:15:00 GMT

Inequalities in health and access to quality care persist in Europe, shows a new OECD/EC report

Today, Europeans enjoy a much longer life expectancy than the previous generation, but large inequalities in health remain across and within countries. These are largely due to disparities in access to and quality of care, as well as individual lifestyles and behaviours, according to a new joint OECD/European Commission report.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 10:01:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 December 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 1.7% in October 2014

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:48:00 GMT

Ireland focusing its development aid on neediest countries, says OECD

Ireland is one of the best performing donors when it comes to directing its development aid to the world’s neediest countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:00:00 GMT

Scale of international bribery laid bare by new OECD report

Most international bribes are paid by large companies, usually with the knowledge of senior management, according to new OECD analysis of the cost of foreign bribery and corruption.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

The Netherlands should do more to help workers with mental ill-health, says OECD

The Netherlands should increase support for workers suffering from mental health issues and their employers and tackle the continued social stigma and limited knowledge around such illnesses, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants

On the occasion of the OECD High Level Policy Forum on Migration taking place on December 1 and 2 2014, Secretary General Angel Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 12:39:00 GMT

Shifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD

The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría commends Greece’s reforms at meeting with Minister Skrekas

Meeting Greece’s Minister of Development and Competitiveness Mr. Kostas Skrekas today, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría said the Greek government’s reform programme was already showing positive results.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 15:26:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Most Asia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD

Countries in the Asia/Pacific region need to step up their efforts to give more people access to affordable, quality health care. Too many people, especially women, cannot get the medical treatment they need due to high costs, difficulties in getting permission to see a doctor or a lack of health care providers in rural areas, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Stronger policy response needed to avoid risks to growth, especially in the euro area, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

Modest global economic forecasts, continuing high unemployment, and downshifts in potential output,should spur governments with a greater sense of urgency to fully employ monetary, fiscal and structural policy levers to support growth, notably in Europe, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

On the cusp of a genuinely transformative agenda?

Four parallel but interrelated negotiation processes are currently underway in the multilateral sphere - on the post-2015 development agenda, on climate change, on an update of the women's agenda, and on financing for development. If all went well, there could be a unified, global agenda for sustainable development by December 2015. If not, the situation will continue to deteriorate.

Public-private partnerships and infrastructure

The popularity of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to support infrastructure development in emerging countries is growing worldwide. PPPs' new appeal may redefine not just development economics, but also the overall relationship between rich and poor countries - though not necessarily for the better.

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Africa rising?: popular dissatisfaction with economic management despite a decade of growth

<p>Many African individuals still experience regular shortages of basic necessities, and rates of &ldquo;lived poverty&rdquo; remain high. In this context, the current paper shows that across 34 countries, a majority (53%) rate the current condition of their national economy as &ldquo;fairly&rdquo; or &ldquo;very bad&rdquo;, while just 29% offer a positive assessment.</p><p>The paper indicates that negative assessments outnumber positive reviews in 26 of 34 countries. Furthermore, Africans give their governments failing marks for each of: economic management, improving the living standards of the poor, creating jobs, and narrowing income gaps. Nonetheless, many Africans express optimism about the future: 57% expect the economy to be better in a year.</p><p>On the other hand, the author notes there is a clear disconnect between the glowing reports of impressive GDP growth across much of the continent, and Africans&rsquo; own reports of the economic hardships they still confront. Consequently, he thinks that the negative rating of government performance may be at the root of that disconnect.</p><p>The paper concludes that if economic growth is being driven by sectors that create limited employment, and the benefits of growth accrue only to a few, then glowing GDP growth figures will offer little solace to those that want to escape poverty.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

21 Dec 2014 19:42:57 GMT

The partnership of free speech & good governance in Africa

<p>Much of Africa has undergone a radical transformation in terms of the freedom to communicate in the last two decades, but despite the opening and expansion of media and technology, freedom of expression is still enjoyed unequally across Africa. In this respect, according to new data from Afrobarometer, just less than half of Africans surveyed say they are completely free to speak their minds.</p><p>Equally important, the Afrobarometer findings reveal that freedom of expression is strongly linked to a more effective media, and to better governance. In particular, better protections for free speech are associated with more positive ratings of government efforts to fight corruption, which may be especially important when it comes to anti-corruption.</p><p>The survey also reveals that traditional media, in particular radio, remain dominant channels for accessing news and expanding space for freedom of expression; this is largely due to the low cost of radio infrastructure. However, the results indicate that new communications technologies -particularly mobile phones - are noticeably making inroads in Africa.</p><p>Overall, the author suggests that the continent has some way to go in achieving full protection of the fundamental right to free speech, and in realising the benefits associated societies that can communicate freely.</p>

20 Dec 2014 21:45:39 GMT

ASEAN-India deepening economic partnership in Mekong region

<p>The Mekong countries comprising Cambodia, Lao People&#39;s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam grew rapidly during the last decade. With the exception of the years of global financial crisis, magnitude of growth rates and duration are remarkable in Mekong history. Given a long historical and cultural link between India and Mekong countries, there are ample scopes for cooperation and so also potential gains.<br /><br />India has taken steps on its passage towards economic integration, particularly with Southeast and East Asian countries. Ever since the adoption of Look East Policy (LEP) by India, the partnership with ASEAN countries in general and countries in Mekong region in particular has made signicant progress. The growing partnership between India and ASEAN is also viewed in the context of growing importance of South-South cooperation. The challenge is to translate recent gains into lasting progress through successful regional cooperation.</p><p>This book analyses the India-Mekong cooperation in light of growing ASEAN-India Strategic Partnership. It addresses the prospects and challenges concerning the India-Mekong relations and provides a framework for deepening the economic partnership in Mekong region. The book will serve as a knowledge product for policymakers, academics, private sector experts and regional cooperation practitioners; and is a must-read for anyone interested in the regional economic cooperation between India and Mekong region.</p><p>Summary and chapter title list availabe via the link.</p>

19 Dec 2014 14:50:01 GMT

Transforming connectivity corridors between India and Myanmar into development corridors

<p>India and Myanmar have a 1643 km long land border between them and also share a long maritime boundary. The transition underway in Myanmar towards a democratic framework and a market economy opens up enormous trade and investment opportunities that enhanced connectivity can help to exploit for the benefit of both India and Myanmar.<br /><br />This report focuses on enhancing land connectivity and rejuvenating border trade mechanisms and how these two enabling elements can stimulate development of a vibrant economic corridor stretching further inland into both countries.</p>

19 Dec 2014 14:37:13 GMT

Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows 2014

<p>This guide, aimed at climate change negotiators, gives synopsis of the key elements in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)&rsquo;s Biennial Assessment (BA) of climate finance flows. It also provides an overview of recommendations of the UNFCCC&rsquo;s Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) to the Conference of Parties. The guide also provides some views on how the identified recommendations can support future international negotiations. It argues that for future BAs it would be important to place climate finance in a broader context and that this would help with the global transition to a more sustainable path.</p>

19 Dec 2014 13:42:11 GMT

Business cycle synchronization in Euro area and GCC countries: a Wavelets-GA approach

<p>This paper uses a an Extreme Bound Analysis (EBA) and Wavelet Transformation (WT) to provide a detailed characterization of the business cycle synchronization among the countries under study, namely Euro Area and Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC) countries. In addition, it introduces a Genetic Algorithm combined with wavelets transform to search for the best combinations of synchronisation factors which offer an optimal solution for changing business cycles in order to achieve high levels of economic integration between two groups of countries.</p><p>The analyses are conducted by introducing the main determinants of business cycles existing in the literature in order to understand how they could evolve both in time and in scale, depending on the different phases of the system construction. Globally, and unlike the Euro Area, the results show not only a considerable delay in creating an economic and financial integration in the GCC, but more importantly, a growing divergence in business cycles among the countries.</p>

19 Dec 2014 12:38:54 GMT

India-Africa cooperation in agriculture science, technology and innovation: new avenues and opportunities

<p>India is now a key trading partner of Sub-Saharan Africa, importing almost US$ 21 billion worth of goods and commodities and exporting goods of over US$ 10 billion to Africa in 2010. India&rsquo;s development cooperation with Africa expanded significantly in 2005, when India became the first Asian country to become a full member of the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF).</p><p>This policy brief from the Forum for Indian Development Cooperation (FIDC) focuses in particular on Africa-India initiatives in agriculture, science and technology cooperation. Both African and Indian Ministers have identified the following major areas for cooperation:</p><ul><li>capacity Building in S&amp;T in Africa</li><li>improving policy enabling environment</li><li>human resource development</li><li>institutional development</li><li>science, technology and innovation (STI) for development</li><li>knowledge Transfer and Adoption</li><li>identification of cmmon research priority areas</li></ul>

19 Dec 2014 12:00:28 GMT

Features of South-South cooperation and global dynamics

<p>The sharp economic growth across Southern economies and subsequent deepening in their cooperation has evoked a growing interest in understanding the nature of South-South cooperation (SSC). The idea of SSC is not itself new but has come increasingly under the spotlight.</p><p>There are several factors which are contributing to this; one is the result of a gradual decline in North-South flows. Given the notable improvements in the fundamentals of the Southern mega-economies, the sharp rise in the quantum and scope of flow of their funding towards SSC has attracted large attention in the global development cooperation arena.</p><p>This policy brief from the Forum for Indian Development Cooperation (FIDC), highlights the following key features of South-South Cooperation</p><ul><li>equality between partners -in the framework of SSC, there is no distinction between the donor and the recipient countries. All the countries engaged have something to offer and takefrom each other</li><li>fostering national and collective self-reliance - SSC aims to discover and use complementarities in production, consumption, trade, investment, technology, and development cooperation. It helps in creating an environment where the countries are able to address their own development issues for enhancing their capacity</li><li>mutual benefit - the fundamental idea is to assisteach other for a win-win partnership on all sides. The concept of mutually beneficial partnership is important for the long-term sustainability of the engagement</li><li>nature of non-conditionality -by not imposing any conditionalities, SSC gives thepower of independent decision making to the partner countries, keeping in view their aspirations and special values. Thus, SSC believes in respecting the independence and national sovereignty, culturaldiversity and identity of local content</li><li>voluntary and demand-driven - SSC is mainly based on the demand-driven approach and responds to the development priorities of the partner countries. This reflects the voluntary nature of cooperation within the South</li><li>multiplicity of approaches - South is not a homogenous entity. There are severalareas where distinct practices have emerged across the major Southern providers. Some of them relateto national legislations and some are associated withon-going conventions. In some countries of theSouth there is a clear articulation of development cooperation policies while in other cases&nbsp; some specificaspects of common principles are more vigorously followed than in others</li></ul>

19 Dec 2014 11:43:28 GMT

Post-2015 development agenda: an Indian perspective

<p>The global debate around the finalisation of the Post-2015 development agenda aims to consider how societies could work towards attaining sustainable development in the coming years. This policy brief from the Forum for Indian Development Cooperation (FIDC) argues that, from India&rsquo;s point of view the Post 2015 Development Agenda is primarily a development agenda with an emphasis squarely on poverty eradication as the biggest priority. This would require a rapid and inclusive economic growth, which in turn requires adequate means of implementation and facilitation of an enabling environment to pursue that.<br /><br />From India&rsquo;s point of view, there are clear indications that the commitment towards providing overseas development assistance (ODA) are not as per expectations. Increasingly the talk is about sources of financing other than the ODA. It has to be clearly understood by all parties about what the implications of this may be. There is talk about private sector investment. Whether this is purely investment or what kind of business proposition is being talked about, much more discussion is needed on that.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

19 Dec 2014 11:22:54 GMT

Correlates of child mortality in Pakistan: a hazards model analysis

<p>Various studies indicate that mortality in Pakistan declined sharply in the early half of this century and the decline continued until the 1960s. Since then there has been a levelling-off in mortality, apparent in estimates of the crude death rate as well as in the infant mortality rate. According to estimates, the crude death rate stalled at a high level of 12 per 1000 population, and infant mortality rate at an unacceptably high level of 106 per 1000 live births (Sathar, 1985; UNICEF, 1991). Statistics available for 1989 showed that infant and childhood deaths constitute almost three-fourths of the total deaths in the country leading to an under-5 mortality rate of 162 per 1000 live births (UNICEF, 1991).</p><p>In view of the dearth of in-depth analysis on child mortality in Pakistan, this study is specifically conducted to</p><ul><li>identify some of the major covariates of child mortality amongst children less than five years</li><li>evolve some of the processes and the underlying mechanisms through which a relationship is established between child mortality and its covariates</li></ul><p>The basic purpose is to elucidate the &lsquo;cause and effect&#39; relationship for any optimal policy direction and thereafter, effective implementation of the policies formulated.</p><p>The analysis of the data, based on both statistical and observational methods, reveals that:</p><ul><li>sustained high level of child mortality is related to high fertility and other related factors</li><li>the most significant variable correlated with child survival was the number of children ever borne</li><li>demographic variables like the mother&rsquo;s age at birth, order of birth and birth interval between the preceding and the succeeding child constitute some of the important associates of child mortality</li><li>culturally specified norms of early marriage and non-use of contraception favour larger family size</li><li>all the three variables included in the study to measure the household&rsquo;s hygienic environment were independently significantly associated with child mortality</li><li>the homes of the educated scored better than those of the uneducated</li></ul><p>As a matter of national policy, the study recommends that the government of Pakistan:</p><ul><li>redress its Family Planning Programme which was initiated more than 30 years ago but has been unable to achieve the objective of lowering the population growth rate to a manageable size</li><li>in an attempt to bring about a demographic change, take into account the social significance of female literacy and education (the lowest even when compared to the South-Asian countries) which, as this study suggests, is central to lowering fertility, mortality and morbidity and acts as an agent of change in every sphere of life</li></ul>

18 Dec 2014 21:10:43 GMT

Language, knowledge and inequality

<p>The invention of writing created grounds for sustaining a new hierarchy: that between the illiterate and the literate. Literacy also made the keeping of permanent records possible and so extended control over people. Since it also created bodies of knowledge, it also extended human control over nature. Thus, the written word made more systematic and thorough exploitation of human beings and nature possible and legitimised them in the name of merit, technical expertise and science.</p><p>The standardisation of a variety of a language was a political act which devalued all the other varieties and their speakers. Those who used only the non-standard varieties &ndash; dialects, `restricted codes&rsquo;, such as working class people use, or indigenous languages in ex-colonies English (had limited and more difficult access to positions of power, affluence and prestige). Thus, despite having broken old hierarchies and giving power to some low-status people, linguistic practices really served to rationalise and maintain inequalities. Above all, since science is created in Western languages it does not transcend the Western world view. When this `science&rsquo; regards all other knowledge-systems as unscientific and hence `unreasonable&rsquo;, it rationalizes intervention in the lives of human beings by placing them outside the very pale of humanity.</p><p>[Summary adapted from author]</p>

18 Dec 2014 20:40:54 GMT

Governments falter in fight to curb corruption: the people give most a failing grade

<p>Corruption punishes the poor the most. This paper underlines that poor Africans perceive higher levels of corruption in their state institutions and are more likely to pay a bribe in order to obtain official documents, gain access to public services or avoid a problem with the police. Furthermore, the paper notes that the poor are especially likely to be confronted by demands for bribes in countries where experiences with corruption are especially high.</p><p>The document also points that corruption appears to be bad for democracy. In this context, it demonstrates that African people who perceive higher levels of corruption within their state institutions, as well as those who have had to engage in petty corruption, are more likely to be not satisfied with the way democracy works in their countries.</p><p>Identically, relying on Afrobarometer data, the author shows that although the continent&rsquo;s fight against corruption has had a very high profile in the last decade, these efforts have not been sufficient to curb corruption levels. In this sense, a majority of people in 34 African countries condemn their governments&#39; anti-corruption efforts.</p><p>In the final analysis, the paper concludes that African governments need to step up their efforts to curb corruption, in the interests of both reducing poverty and advancing democracy.</p>

18 Dec 2014 20:15:05 GMT

Socio-environmental and behavioural correlates of child morbidity in Pakistan

<p>Empirical evidence to determine the health status of children aged less than five years was gathered from an area in Rawalpindi, one of the large cities of Pakistan. Of the total 1301 children ever born to 341 ever married women aged 15-39, morbidity data was limited to the cohort of 616 children who were below the age of five at the time of the survey conducted in the first half of 1992. Two separate variables, diarrhoea and fever, were used as dependent variables to measure the overall incidence of gastro-intestinal and respiratory infections and to ascertain the pattern of morbidity.</p><p>In investigating the reasons for high levels of morbidity amongst children less than five years in Pakistan, this study aims at:</p><ul><li>determining the overall level of disease incidence, especially of gastro-intestinal and respiratory infections in the study area</li><li>identifying some of the major covariates of child morbidity</li><li>to tease out some of the mechanisms whereby a relationship is established between these illnesses and its covariates.</li></ul><p>The results of this study suggest that there is variation in child morbidity within societies even when socio-environmental and economic conditions are held constant. This is amply demonstrated from the evidence that there was familial clustering of morbidity as a result of exposure to similar household environmental conditions and maternal child caring and rearing abilities. That child health was strongly associated with differing health beliefs and attitudes of the mothers in times of good health and sickness.</p><p>In teasing out the differences in attitudes and practices, this study finds that the factor which explains differences in the behaviour leading to a differential is the role of maternal education. The study clearly demonstrates that formal education exposes women to health and other sources of knowledge and enhances their ability to make better use of the facilities which were equally accessible to the entire study population.</p>

18 Dec 2014 15:37:05 GMT

Language-teaching and world view in Urdu medium schools in Pakistan

<p>The ordinary state run school teaches most subjects in Urdu in most parts of Pakistan. And even when it does teach in Sindhi or Pashto, Urdu is taught as an additional language. As such, the world view of the products of state schools is more influenced by Urdu than by any other language in the country taken as a whole.</p><p>The state-schools covered in this study are meant for the education of the poorer sections of society and are fully controlled by the state unlike the elitist English-medium schools where state control is minimal. State control manifests itself, apart from other things, in the way state sponsored ideology is disseminated through textbooks in these schools. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the Pakistani state uses the language-teaching texts in Urdu medium schools to disseminate and reinforce the ideologies of nationalism and militarism. A number of other ideologies, like assumed male superiority inherent in the texts, have been touched upon in passing but are not the focus of this study.</p><p>In conclusion, the study indicates that the vernacular medium schools are meant to indoctrinate the masses into becoming religious, nationalistic and militaristic. Language texts help these ideological biases sink in the impressionistic minds of students, especially middle school students. The school, therefore, endeavours to create a world view which rejects ethnic nationalism for Pakistani nationalism irrespective of the genuine rights of the ethnic nationalities of the country in the process. It also whips up hatred against India and, therefore, supports the maintenance of a very high expenditure on defence. However, since school texts are not the only influences on children nor does everyone become brainwashed, there are many products of the vernacular schools who are liberal and who wish for peace rather than war.</p>

18 Dec 2014 14:58:26 GMT

Pakistani universities: the colonial legacy

<p>The universities were established by the colonial British government in 1858 so as to produce educated Indians to serve in the expanding bureaucracy. As government and security were the major concerns of the colonial government they made the bureaucracy (ICS) and the military prestigious and efficient institutions while higher education remained subordinate, government-controlled and poor. Being unattractive, the universities could not attract the most competent students and remained mediocre teaching institutions with almost no research. This continues in Pakistan because the ruling elites of Pakistan continue to govern the country in the colonial tradition of the past. In the last section certain changes are suggested to make the universities more academically competent.</p><p>[Summary adapted from the author]</p>

18 Dec 2014 14:43:26 GMT

Climate finance:is it making a difference? A review of the effectiveness of Multilateral Climate Funds

<p>International efforts to tackle climate change are at a critical juncture. This report provides a critical review of the climate finance architecture. It examines more than a decade of experience of multilateral climate funds including the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Climate Investment Funds (CIFs), and the Adaptation Fund (AF). It also considers the experience of national funds created to receive international funding such as Brazil&rsquo;s Amazon Fund and the Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF). The authors ask whether the existing architecture is fit for the purpose of delivering finance to the right countries on the scale, terms and conditions required.</p><p>The findings draw on the first global ranking of recipients of multilateral climate finance. The authors answer to this question is largely positive. Climate funds have broken new ground by helping countries begin to confront the implications of climate change for development. The finance they spend is targeting countries that need it. Mitigation funding is concentrated in developing countries with relatively high (and rising) greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, maximising with opportunities for efficient mitigation. Adaptation finance is targeting some of the poorest countries. Against this backdrop, efforts should be made ahead of the Paris summit to ensure that the Green Climate Fund (GCF) is adequately resourced. Recent pledges send a much needed signal to this end: by November 2014 the GCF had raised more than $9 billion, just seven months after its official resource mobilisation process began.</p><p>It is noted that there is considerable scope for improvement, however, and opportunities to learn from past experience. The publications provides a number of recommendations for climate funds.</p><ol><li>Take more risk, and support innovation.</li><li>Support national stakeholders to strengthen policy, regulation and institutional capacity.</li><li>Use the right types of finance for the appropriate purpose.</li><li>Create new incentives for the institutions, investors and businesses that are shaping infrastructure and development finance choices to step up their efforts to reduce emissions and increase climate resilience through new partnerships.</li><li>Understand impact, and set a high bar for the ambition of supported programmes.</li></ol>

18 Dec 2014 14:11:13 GMT

Financing readiness: insights from the Amazon Fund and Congo Basin Forest Funds' efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation - - Research reports and studies - 7758.pdf

<p>Finance to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, forest conservation, sustainable management of forests and the enhancement of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) has been innovatively structured to support &lsquo;readiness activities&rsquo; prior to performance-based support. The case for readiness finance is strong, given the challenges of addressing technical, policy, and institutional requirements of realising REDD+. Understanding of what constitutes readiness, however, has evolved from an early focus on technical considerations, to a more encompassing consideration of underlying policy and regulatory frameworks, and the need to strengthen the transparency, inclusiveness, accountability and coordination of governance systems that affect forests.</p><p>This paper considers the activities financed by the Brazilian Amazon Fund and the Congo Basin Forest Fund (CBFF) since their inception. These funds operate in very different contexts, whose needs for &lsquo;readiness finance&rsquo; are therefore also substantially different. Each fund through its projects supports multiple activities. Both have made some efforts to fund programmes that address issues of policy and governance, and independent monitoring and verification of emission reductions, although the level of support has been relatively modest. The authors observe an ongoing need for greater coordination and coherence with other initiatives to finance REDD+ within the same region; in Brazil some institutional frameworks to prompt such coordination have now been established; such frameworks are much weaker in the countries of the Congo Basin.</p><p>REDD+ finance directed towards readiness has sought to achieve a lot on a small budget, and grapples with complex problems that many stakeholders have been seeking to address for decades, and, in many cases, with limited success. The authors review of the activities financed by the Amazon Fund and CBFF highlights that many aspects of readiness, particularly efforts to improve governance and strengthen associated institutions, will need ongoing support as part of performance based REDD+. The Amazon Fund programming seems to reflect this need, by funding activities that are an extension of readiness in the context of delivering performance based REDD+. This challenges static conceptualisations of readiness, however, in which there is a clear end point at which point a country is &rsquo;ready&rsquo;. The notion of &lsquo;thresholds&rsquo; may be helpful in providing an indicator that some progress has been made; however, it raises questions about how to assess whether and how those thresholds have been met.</p><p>The analysis suggests that issues of national context will largely shape such judgements, but there will also be a need for some objective metrics to inform such judgements. In turn, recognition of the need for ongoing and sustained investment, particularly in continuing to strengthen institutions and governance, may make the issue of where readiness stops and REDD+ begins less material for programming funds.</p><p>[Taken from the authors]</p>

18 Dec 2014 12:27:35 GMT

Trade determinants and potential of Syria: using a gravity model, with an estimation of the Syrian crisis’ impact on exports

<p>The Syrian economy has achieved relatively high economic growth rates, exceeding 5% on average, during the last decade. At the same time, the Syrian economy had been facing a reduction in oil production - the main source of public revenues and exports - accompanied by an increase in local demand on oil derivatives. In order to compensate for the sharp reduction in oil exports, the government encouraged manufacturing exports. As a result, Syria&rsquo;s export structure became more diversified before the start of the conflict.</p><p>This paper diagnoses exports determinants for Syria between 1995 and 2010 using a gravity model applying Heckman&rsquo;s two-step approaches with Least Squared Dummies Variables. The model analyzes total and manufacturing exports separately. In addition to the standard explanatory variables, the gravity model is augmented with the nominal effective exchangerate and institutional performance variables. The results show the importance of a relativeimprovement in Syrian institutions to increase exports.</p><p>Furthermore, the paper estimates an index that identifies countries with a high potential demand for Syrian products. Finally, the gravity model is used to simulate the impact of the ongoing conflict in Syria on the potential exports; the results show that sanctions and the deterioration in institutional factors are expected to have reduced Syria&rsquo;s export potential by more than 70%, which might lead to a complete collapse of the economy in the short term.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:22:12 GMT

Systematic Review Approach to identifying key trends in adaptation governance at the supranational level

<p>This working paper from CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) analyses literature on adaptation governance focused on food security at the supranational level. The researchers looked at looked at key aspects of food security, identified types of governance measures and major challenges, and finally developed an understanding of the location of the research teams and involved countries. They found, overall, that the supranational focus, in the context of adaptation governance on food security, is not prevalent in current peer-reviewed literature. The paper argues that, in terms of future research, there is a strong need to develop processes for the integration of diverse sectors and issues when designing policies on food security in the context of climate change. It also argues that it is also important to improve the skills and opportunities of research teams in the Global South to engage effectively.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:22:10 GMT

The State of REDD+ Finance

<p>This paper presents a thorough synthesis of available data to illuminate the current global state of finance for reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+). It adds to a growing body of work that seeks to understand the size and composition of finance for REDD+ initiatives, as well as the delivery of climate finance more generally. The analysis shows that aggregate pledges of both public and private finance are significant, at more than US $8.7 billion for the period between 2006 and March 2014, but the pace of new pledges slowed after 2010. The public sector contributes nearly 90% of reported REDD+ finance, with the preponderance of funding concentrated among a relatively small number of donors and recipient countries. The paper analyzes early experience with performance-based finance, although such finance represents less than two-fifths of pledges to date. The extent to which new institutions in the climate finance architecture such as the Green Climate Fund will provide a new and effective channel for increasing support for REDD+ remains to be seen.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:19:58 GMT

The comparative turn in climate change adaptation and food security governance research

<p>This working paper from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) proposes that concepts and methods of comparative politics can shine light on political factors important for catalysing positive change on the governance, climate change adaptation and food security of countries in the developing world. It makes five recommendations for CCAFS future research: the need (i) to identify new dimensions for institutional research, (ii) to conduct governance research beyond institutions, (iii) to embrace more rigorous comparative methods, (iv) to address the &ldquo;dependent variable&rdquo; problem in climate change adaptation research and (v) to come to grips with &ldquo;good enough&rdquo; climate governance.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:11:31 GMT

Agricultural Impact Evaluation is Failing to Measure Up

<p>New technology that enables sustainable and profitable production of food is critical for both food and nutrition security and economic development. Yet, recent research suggests assessments of the productivity gains farmers realise from new technology are routinely flawed methodologically and hence unreliable as a basis for decision making. As a result, opportunities to support this key aspect of agricultural performance and more equitable benefits from it have been missed. This briefing explains why and highlights measures to stimulate demand for methodological quality in evaluations and reinforce their contribution to strengthening systems of innovation.</p>

18 Dec 2014 11:01:02 GMT

REDD-plus Finance Briefing Paper

<p>This brief looks at Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plus conservation (REDD+) finance. Seven major bilateral and multilateral funding initiatives have been recently created to support REDD+. Brazil has received the largest volume of REDD+ finance through its Amazon Fund. Public and private finance may be able to play complementary roles in delivering REDD+ finance: while public sources are essential in the initial preparation stages, the private sector may play a role in financing REDD+ implementation. The total finance needed for REDD+ is highly sensitive to the agreed level of payments to developing forest countries per tonne of reduced or avoided emissions. Concerns over the scope of REDD+ financing, benefit sharing, effective stakeholder participation and the need for safeguards to avoid negative environmental and social impacts persist.</p>

18 Dec 2014 10:57:13 GMT

Cultural invasion and linguistic politeness among English-using Pakistanis

<p>English is used in the domains of power--the bureaucracy, military, judiciary, academia, media and commerce--at the elitist level. Those who use English in connection with their work but are not as fluent in it as if it were a first language are generally people who were not educated in English medium schools or did not get much exposure to English at the informal level. Most middle level professional people, doctors, engineers, college and university lecturers, lawyers and civil servants belong to this category. The kind of English they use is formal, bureaucratic, somewhat old-fashioned and full of Pakistani idiomatic constructions, loan words from Pakistani languages and distinctive grammatical constructions. While these English-using Pakistanis do not speak English informally and spontaneously with each other as a matter of course, there is a small elite which does. This elite is generally educated in highly Anglicised Pakistani elitist schools where English is not only the medium of instruction but is also used by the pupils in informal domains. This elite is called the &#39;Westernised elite&#39; in this paper though it is not as homogeneous as such a label suggests.</p><p>The state of normative transition among members of the Westernised elite mentioned above is the focus of this article. Specifically, the use of the addressee&#39;s name without any honorifics (called &#39;name only&#39; behaviour) by a section of this elite is investigated. The paper argues that the use of the name without honorifics, especially for one&#39;s elders or among business acquaintances, goes against Pakistani norms of politeness. The elite which promotes this Western norm, arguing that it is &#39;egalitarian&#39;, &#39;democratic&#39; or &#39;relaxed&#39;, operates on Western definitions which are validated by sources outside Pakistan.</p><p>In Pakistan new norms of politeness come from the West and are promoted by the <em>avant garde</em> of the Westernised elite. This elite, having been first created by the British as an imperialist policy, devalues indigenous norms of politeness, replacing them at times with Western ones. Thus a number of indigenous titles and other expressions have been devalued. Recently the expressions for thanking, apologising and requesting are increasingly being taken from English. Among the <em>avant garde</em> of the elite the Pakistani taboo against using the name without honorifics of older people or casual acquaintances, colleagues etc. is also being replaced with the Western convention of using more &#39;first names&#39;. This is an act of cultural imperialism because it is imposed from a position of strength, ignores the feelings of addressees and implies disrespect for indigenous values.</p>

18 Dec 2014 00:02:22 GMT

Equality: space and measurement

<p>It is argued that measures such as those involving the proportion of people who achieve some level of a component of well-being can proxy opportunity and that ordinal information alone should be used to arrive at the ranking of overall inequality. These arguments are brought to bear on the problem of making international comparisons of gender inequality. Judgements based on dominance, Borda and intersection Borda rankings are compared. The Borda ranking differs considerably from the UNDP&#39;s GEM ranking. However, intersection Borda ranking comes closest to matching our shared judgements of inequality. This paper argues that opportunity for well-being rather than income or capability should be the focus of egalitarian concern. Rankings of alternatives in terms of equality of opportunity are typically incomplete.</p><p>This paper concludes that ordinal information in terms of these proxy measures should be used to make judgements of overall inequality, and that intersection methods can help deal with the plurality of weights people might apply. These arguments are then brought to bear on international comparisons of gender inequality.</p>

17 Dec 2014 23:41:25 GMT

What people want from government: basic services performance ratings, 34 countries

<p>The current paper relies on an Afrobarometer survey that asked people in 34 African countries to rate the governmental performance in their countries regarding basic services. The paper shows that Africans hold largely negative views about their governments&rsquo; performance on key services such as delivery of water and maintaining sanitary conditions, as well as supplying electricity.</p><p>To demonstrate, the paper clarifies that citizens give their governments higher grades for handling health care and education, yet the majorities of users report that their hospitals lack medicines and their schools have too few books. In addition, the majorities of users also report overcrowding in schools and long waiting lines at clinics.</p><p>Correspondingly, the document suggests that while physical presence of service infrastructure has little or no effect on performance assessments, overall ease of access plays an important role. As a result, the author concludes that:</p><ul><li>if people report difficulties in accessing public services they are also likely to give lower scores for government performance</li><li>perceived lack of access to services drives popular assessments of government performance much more than the physical presence of service infrastructure</li><li>governments would therefore be well advised to concentrate on upgrading both access to and quality of primary education, healthcare and basic services</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Dec 2014 22:31:24 GMT

Oil & mining countries: transparency low, impunity high

<p>Minerals are important economic resource for Africa. In this sense, Twenty-two of 34 African countries surveyed by Afrobarometer stake their countries&#39; economic futures on development of mineral or oil production.</p><p>The paper demonstrates that extractive minerals contribute 25% or more of GDP in 22 African countries, but people in these countries report high levels of difficulty in finding out how the government uses revenues from taxes and fees, setting the stage for citizen frustration and concern. Furthermore, a majority also says that officials who commit crimes rarely or never face consequences.</p><p>Identically, against gaps in transparency and official impunity, majorities in oil and mineral rich states say they enjoy basic freedoms of speech and membership in political parties. Majorities also perceive their media as effective in monitoring government or reporting corruption, and say their presidents follow the rule of law.</p><p>Main conclusions include:</p><ul><li>noticeable progress has been made across the board in election credibility and some aspects of personal freedoms</li><li>nevertheless, much work remains to be done to reduce governmental impunity among public officials, if African governments are committed to using the extractive industry wealth to secure social and economic transformation of their societies in the coming years</li><li>in fact, successful shepherding of these natural resources hinges on governments&rsquo; ability to manage them while maintaining stable democracies</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Dec 2014 18:40:37 GMT

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 65

<p>This edition includes:</p><ul><li>The African Union (AU) response to events in Burkina Faso since the ousting of former president Blaise Compaor&eacute; on 31 October raises a number of important questions for the AU. This was the first time sanctions were not automatically applied after the AU found the occurrence of a coup d&rsquo;&eacute;tat. The High Level Panel on Egypt had already suggested there should be guidelines for the AU to follow in cases of popular uprising, but these have not yet been drawn up. The AU remains ambivalent, if not completely reluctant, to reject attempts by incumbent leaders to amend their constitutions for removing term limits.</li><li>The African Union (AU) is set to scale up its response to counter the Ebola outbreak by deploying up to 1000 health workers to Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone in the next few weeks. Experts on the ground, however, say coordination among the various organisations fighting Ebola is key to making sure the help is effective. There is also an apparent need to work on the speedy preparation (in terms of training and equipment) of the health workers pledged by member countries and their movement to the AU Support Mission to Ebola Outbreak in West Africa&rsquo;s (ASEOWA) area of operation.</li><li>The situation in Libya is degrading rapidly, but the AU&rsquo;s planned High-Level Committee of Heads of State for Libya has not yet been appointed.</li><li>Hopes for a lasting peace agreement in South Sudan were again dashed in mid-November when the ceasefire was broken shortly after it was signed. Details of the new power-sharing deal, with a new prime minister post for former vice-president Riek Machar, also remain scant.</li><li>On 2 January 2015, the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) will have exhausted its options for a peaceful resolution to the conflict in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) should it fail to voluntarily disarm and surrender.</li></ul>

17 Dec 2014 14:57:34 GMT

Competitiveness in Turkish banking: 2002-2011

<p>Using a novel approach, the authors derive &ldquo;shadow unrealised profit scores&rdquo; as well as &ldquo;shadow input-output prices&rdquo; for each year and bank in the Turkish banking sector from 2002 to 2011.</p><p>They demonstrate that these scores operationalise the Hicksian concept of &ldquo;monopolistic quiet life.&rdquo; They show that the Turkish banking sector came closer to the &ldquo;zero profit condition&rdquo; over time. Similarly, the variances of &ldquo;shadow prices&rdquo; exhibit a significant decline over our sample period, indicating a closer approximation to the &ldquo; law of one price&quot;.</p><p>The authors conclude that there are differences in profit efficiency between banks with different ownership types and sizes. In particular, state-owned banks display the lowest inefficiency while foreign-owned banks the highest. Finally they find total asset and branch network sizes are positively related to profit efficiency, implying important scale and scope economies.</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:14:31 GMT

Resource rents, institutions and violent civil conflicts

<p>Natural resources have been blamed for inducing slow growth and sparking civil conflicts and violence. This paper first develops a model to account for the hazard of armed civil conflicts as a manifestation of the natural resource curse which is mediated by the quality of both economic and political institutions. It then uses recently published data on institutional quality and natural resource rents to measure the potential impact of the resource curse on violent civil conflicts using a panel of data for over 100 countries in the period 1970-2010.</p><p>The model explicitly accounts for the role of good economic and political institutions in deterring the recourse to violence as well as the extent to which they might weaken the resource rents effect.</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:08:41 GMT

Crime and conflict: The new challenge for peacebuilding

<p>This report is offered as a contribution to the growing effort to understand the nexus between organised crime, armed violence and fragility, and to design effective responses. At the heart of the document is the hypothesis that an application of the approaches and overall lens of peacebuilding can enrich broader efforts to reduce and transform contemporary armed violence and fragility linked to organised crime. This approach has not been widely tested in practice, but when it has the results are promising. Over the course of the 20th century, a major period of inter-state warfare and wars of decolonisation gave way to an era of predominantly civil conflicts. The last decade points to further shifts, with far fewer civil wars now recorded worldwide. In their wake, observers seem to agree that conflict is again changing, but a common narrative as to the dominant direction of these changes, and hence the contours of the global peace and security agenda, has yet to gel.</p><p>However, one major factor correlated to current changing forms of armed violence is now known to be the effect of new patterns, as well as increased scope and scale, both of organised crime and shadow economies operating at national and sub-national levels. Overlapping and blurred categorisations of a raft of non-state armed groups are often strung together in attempts to describe the complexities involved.</p><p>In its concluding section, this report offers five priority areas for action:</p><ol><li>Conflict-sensitive approaches need to be brought to bear on law enforcement.</li><li>There is a need for improved analysis and information flow across the whole range of local, national and global dimensions of organised crime.</li><li>There needs to be a more innovative and creative way of dealing with predatory power holders.</li><li>There needs to be a step change in tackling crime incentive structures.</li><li>We should not avoid paying attention to the need to disrupt globalised market structures.</li></ol><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:05:52 GMT

The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014

<p>&nbsp;In December 2015, countries will gather in Paris to finalize a new global agreement to tackle climate change. Decisions about how to unlock finance in support of developing countries&rsquo; low-carbon and climate-resilient development will be a central part of the talks. But key questions about how to finance the larger, global transition, will remain largely unresolved. These include, how much climate finance is needed around the world to deliver low-carbon energy systems and climate-resilience? How much investment is already flowing? Who are the key actors? And what is the optimal balance between public and private resources?</p><p>The Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2014 draws together climate finance data from numerous sources to present policy makers with the most comprehensive information available about the scale, key actors, instruments, recipients, and uses of finance supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation outcomes.</p><p>The authors note that there are major data gaps which continue to challenge our understanding about climate finance and limit the ability of policy makers to address investment gaps. The lack of common definitions for climate finance and activity boundaries (especially for adaptation), and methodological differences in how climate finance is tracked and reported present major challenges. Serious data limitations concerning private investments in adaptation, forestry, and energy efficiency, mean that all flows captured in these sectors originate from public sources. It does not mean private investments are not being made, but our understanding of who the actors are, and where they are investing is limited as a result.</p><p>The report notes that despite improvements, it remains difficult to assess how the total flows captured by the Landscape compare to the estimated needs at the sector, country, and international levels, or how effective investments are on the ground.</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:01:57 GMT

Dual banking and financial contagion

<p>In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region the banking system is becoming dual in many countries where there is a presence of both conventional banks (CBs) and Islamic banks (IBs). This duality has generated a new challenge for central banks in designing their regulatory and supervisory frameworks.</p><p>The objective of this paper is to shed light on another angle of the interaction between IBs and CBs.&nbsp; It looks at the behaviour of an IB when bankruptcy occurs in the conventional banking sector and investigates whether the presence of the IB reduces the likelihood of financial contagion within CBs.</p>

17 Dec 2014 14:01:49 GMT

Does longer compulsory education equalize educational attainment? evidence from a major policy reform

<p>This study examines the effects of the extension of compulsory schooling from 5 to 8 years in Turkey - which substantially increased the grade completion rates not only during the new compulsory years but also during the high school years - on the equality of educational outcomes between men and women, and urban and rural residents. Longer compulsory schooling decreases the educational gap in basic education for most subgroups - in particular, the gender gap in rural areas, and the urban-rural gap both for men and women diminish following the policy. In fact, the urban-rural gap for women declines by almost 20 percentage points during the new compulsory grades. At the same time, however, longer compulsory schooling increases the gender gap in urban areas in non-compulsory schooling grades.</p>

17 Dec 2014 12:13:09 GMT

Agricultural water-use efficiency in a global perspective: the case of Iran

<p>This study addresses the problem of water-use efficiency in agriculture via the optimisation of water use for and the external trade patterns of agricultural products in Iran. Towards this end, some major issues on agricultural water use and trade patterns are first discussed. Then, the underlying concepts and principles of agricultural water use and trade patterns are presented. Finally, a comparative analysis of virtual water trade among MENA countries is conducted.</p><p>The findings indicate that cropping patterns and external trade of agricultural products in Iran are hardly consistent with the notion of comparative advantage and the country&rsquo;s water resources. While some MENA countries are consciously adopting cropping and agricultural trade policies for enhancing water-use efficiency and increasing the economic value of irrigation water, cropping and agricultural trade patterns in Iran have not aimed at enhancing water-use efficiency in agriculture.</p>

17 Dec 2014 12:01:13 GMT

Mitigating ‘non-conflict’ violence by creating peaceful political settlements

<p>Understanding and addressing &lsquo;non-conflict&rsquo; violence is a key challenge for development. Different types of &lsquo;non-conflict&rsquo; violence, such as homicide, massacres, armed robbery and gender-based violence, which occur outside of armed conflict contexts involving state or other parties, are not only reflections of social problems like youth unemployment and gang culture. They should not be unlinked from political processes. Given the weakness of formal institutions and the strength of hybrid political orders in most violence-affected settings in the developing world, the political settlements approach helps to understand the political factors that underpin and drive &lsquo;non-conflict&rsquo; violence; and develop policy responses that tackle the roots of the problem, not just its symptoms.</p><p>Policy recommendations include:</p><ul><li>Outside support for violence mitigation is vulnerable to exacerbating the situation in some cases and should therefore aim at lessening the risk factors associated with external involvement</li><li>Counter-violence measures should strengthen governance in relation to natural resource extraction, protect the electoral/political process from violent interference, and bolster accountability from the local through to the central/federal levels of government</li><li>State security interventions should complement and support &ndash; not guide, replace or undermine &ndash; policies around the reintegration of demobilised fighters, militants and youth into economic life</li><li>Policy should take systematic account of the perspectives and roles of ordinary citizens in forging and transforming social orders and in shaping political settlements, and avoid focusing foremost on influencing elite behaviour</li></ul><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:46:30 GMT

Sstudents’ achievement in the MENA countries: the Eyneman-Loxley effect revisited using TIMSS 2007 data

<p>Since the controversial finding of the Coleman Report (1966), which was that school resources had little effect on educational outcomes comparing to family background, huge literature has emerged in order to verify the above finding in countries other than the United States. The Heyneman-Loxley work (1983) presented for the first time clear evidence that variation in school resource quality could matter more than variation in family inputs in low and middle-income countries. Following this literature, and using TIMSS 2007 data, the author attempts in this study to revisit the Heyneman-Loxely hypothesis and the related debate regarding the overall importance of schools in explaining variations in student achievement across MENA countries. Survey regression techniques and quantile regressions have been used.</p><p>Results showed that the Heyneman-Loxley effect was not fully supported across the countries. Besides, the Heyneman-Loxley effect is still valid in some middle-income countries at the lower point of the conditional distribution of mathematics and science scores.</p><p>Yet, some Gulf countries feature a total contradiction with the mentioned effect at the lower tail of the distribution where school resources seem to matter more than Socioeconomicstatus (SES) in students&rsquo; performances.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:26:11 GMT

Private tutoring and the question of equitable opportunities in Turkey

<p>Private tutoring is one of the most important issues in countries where there is great demand for higher education but access is limited by entrance examinations.</p><p>This paper focuses on the implications of private tutoring in Turkey for questions of equity regarding the provision of public education, based on an analysis of previously published research. The nature of the private tutoring and its relation to the two national selection examinations in Turkey are also discussed.</p><p>There are several implications of the present study. First, private tutoring is more common among children of families with higher income and wealth and with higher education levels. Second, the students&rsquo; socio-economic and family backgrounds are important determinants of students&rsquo; performance in the entrance examination to elite and high quality high schools and in the university entrance examination. Third, there are significant differences in school quality especially between different types of high schools. Differences in the performance in examinations are also related to the type of high schools besides the socio-economic and family background of the students. There are very few elite high schools of high quality.</p><p>Access to these schools such as science high schools, Anatolian high schools and private high schools depend on the entrance examination taken at the end of eighth grade. For the purposes of preparation for these examinations some students attend private tutoring centers as early as 10 years old. However, access to private tutoring depends on the income and wealth of the parents. Thus private tutoring exacerbates social stratification and inequities in the Turkish society.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:20:01 GMT

Profit sharing, income inequality and capital accumulation

<p>The relationship between economic development and income inequality isn&rsquo;t neutral vis-&agrave;-vis the role of the financial system in responding to the needs of different categories of agents. Indeed, as shown by the literature on the persistent inequality (e.g. Banarjee and Newman, 1993; Piketty, 1997), taking account of the asymmetric impact of the financial imperfections on wealthy and poor agents changes the pace of the Kuznets (1955) relationship between economic development and income inequality.</p><p>This paper tries to analyse the effect of introducing profit-sharing financial contracts between banks and entrepreneurs on the evolution of the capital accumulation/income inequality relationship. It is interestingly shown that income inequality disappears when the economy reaches a second stage of development.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:12:02 GMT

Partis islamistes, pouvoir et etat profond dans le monde Arabe: analyse en termes du Principal-Agent

<p>L&rsquo;arriv&eacute;e des partis islamistes au pouvoir dans certains pays arabes (Egypte, Tunisie et Maroc) est porteuse d&rsquo;espoir pour les populations. Mais, la forte mobilisation des structures repr&eacute;sentatives de l&rsquo;Etat profond a cr&eacute;&eacute; un climat d&rsquo;incertitude. En raison de sa forte capacit&eacute; d&rsquo;intervention, l&rsquo;Etat profond est en mesure de nuire gravement &agrave; toute tentative de changement aspir&eacute; par les islamistes. En utilisant l&rsquo;approche du Principal-Agent, nous montrons qu&rsquo;en l&rsquo;absence d&rsquo;asym&eacute;trie de l&rsquo;information, il existe un partage optimal du risque entre l&rsquo;Etat profond (Principal) et le Gouvernement islamiste (Agent). Les deux parties ont la possibilit&eacute; de conclure un contrat implicite et informel, qui leur permet de pr&eacute;server non seulement leurs int&eacute;r&ecirc;ts, mais aussi ceux de la nation. Face au risque de d&eacute;bordement, il semble que les pays arabes analys&eacute;s ont encore besoin d&rsquo;un Etat profond fort et bienveillant.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:06:59 GMT

Climate justice & human rights - Focus on food security, nutrition, health and gender

<p>This paper presents a set of recommendations on how the international community, governments, UN and social movements can bring issues of food security, nutrition, health and gender equity into climate negotiations.The brief was launched during the COP20 in Lima.</p>

17 Dec 2014 11:05:35 GMT

Operation Likofi: Police killings and enforced disappearances in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

<p>On November 15, 2013, the government of the Democratic Republic of Congo launched &ldquo;Operation Likofi,&rdquo; a police operation aimed at ending crime by members of organized criminal gangs known as &ldquo;kuluna.&rdquo; The kuluna had been responsible for a surge of armed robberies and other serious criminal acts across the country&rsquo;s capital, Kinshasa, since 2006. They were known to carry machetes, broken bottles, or knives, and to threaten or exact violence to extort money, jewellery, mobile phones, and other valuables. The kuluna have also been used by political leaders for protection or intimidation of their opponents during elections.</p><p>This report documents abuses committed by police who took part in Operation Likofi, including extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances, and threats against family members and other witnesses of abuses. The report is based on interviews conducted in Kinshasa between November 2013 and November 2014 with 107 witnesses to abuses, family members of those killed and forcibly disappeared, police officers who participated in Operation Likofi and other Kinshasa-based police officers, government officials and members of parliament, human rights activists, and social workers who work with street children and other vulnerable children and young adults in Kinshasa. The actual number of victims of extrajudicial execution and enforced disappearance during Operation Likofi is likely significantly higher than the 51 extrajudicial executions and 33 enforced disappearances documented by Human Rights Watch.</p><p>Recommendations include:</p><ul><li>Ensure that all criminal suspects, including suspected kuluna, are detained in recognized places of detention and are provided prompt access to a lawyer and family members;</li><li>Ensure that all adults in detention who are suspected kuluna and credibly charged with a criminal offense are promptly brought to justice in a fair and public trial before a competent, independent, and impartial court. Release those in custody who have not promptly and credibly been charged with a criminal offense;</li><li>Improve the independence and credibility of the police commission established by the police inspectorate to investigate allegations of human rights abuses committed during Operation Likofi</li><li>Urgently provide information to families on the fate or whereabouts of all suspected kuluna who were forcibly disappeared under Operation Likofi;</li><li>Ensure that police carrying out arrests do not wear masks covering their faces, that they wear identifiable nametags on their uniforms, and that they drive in well-marked vehicles with license plates;</li><li>Ensure that police carry out arrests on the basis of arrest warrants as required by law;</li><li>Assign the Ministry of Gender, Family, and Children as a focal point to promote the protection of street children and other vulnerable children and young adults and to monitor law enforcement practices related to street children.</li></ul>

17 Dec 2014 10:53:34 GMT

Africa’s willing taxpayers thwarted by opaque tax systems, corruption

<p>Mobilisation of resources through taxation is a top priority on Africa&#39;s development agenda. The current paper reveal widespread citizen commitment in 29 sub-Saharan African countries to the principle of taxation and to taking responsibility &ndash; by paying their taxes &ndash; for national development.</p><p>The paper reviews data drawn from a special Afrobarometer survey and indicates the respondents&rsquo; affirmation that national development should be built on a foundation of domestic taxation, rather than relying solely on other sources of revenue. However, the paper demonstrates that large majorities reported difficulties in knowing what they owe and in finding out how governments use revenue generated through taxation.</p><p>The document states that the perceived lack of integrity of tax authorities also remains a major challenge to governments. In this respect, it notes that the public perceives high levels of corruption among tax officials, and these perceptions appear to be directly linked to lower levels of consent to taxation, and lower reported levels of compliance.</p><p>The authors conclude that improving transparency and accountability among revenue authorities must remain a cornerstone of efforts to strengthen domestic revenue generation. Furthermore, they emphasise that improving popular access to information about taxes people owe and about public spending, while reducing corruption and misuse of public monies, will help encourage voluntary compliance and enhance government revenue generation.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

16 Dec 2014 22:13:48 GMT

An introduction to the SUN movement civil society network

<p>The second issue in the series of Scaling Up Nutrition in Outline was launched at the 2014 SUN Movement Global Gathering. It focuses on the structure and actions of the SUN Civil Society Network and the Civil Society Alliances that have been set up in countries to support scaling up nutrition.</p>

16 Dec 2014 16:19:36 GMT

Terrorism and integration of Muslim immigrants

<p>This paper studies the effect that a series of fundamentalist-Islamic terrorist attacks in Europe had on the attitudes of Muslim immigrants in the Netherlands towards integration.</p><p>Despite the fact that prior to the attacks there was no evidence of the existence of a negative trend in the integration of Muslims, shortly after the attacks, Muslim immigrants&rsquo; perceived integration, as measured by various indicators, decreased significantly relative to that of non-Muslims.</p><p>The authors further show that terrorism has a particularly negative impact on the integration of the highly educated, employed, and less religious Muslims &ndash; those who arguably have a strong potential for integration.</p>

16 Dec 2014 16:17:29 GMT

Palestinian household willingness and ability to pay for public utilities in the West Bank: the case of electricity and water

<p>In spite of the fact that demand for water and electricity in the West Bank (WB) has increased sharply over the past decade, local providers of those services are suffering from continuous fiscal deficits. However, the collection efficiency of bills paid for water and electricity consumption is still below international standards.</p><p>The main objective of this study is to assess the main factors behind the willingness and ability of Palestinian households to pay the bills for the two public utilities: Water and Electricity in the WB. The big gap between the value of actual consumption of these utilities and that of household expenditures regarding these two utilities through payment of bills, calls for an analysis of such household behaviour.</p><p>To achieve this objective, the degree of willingness and ability model have both been developed and estimated. The decision made by a household which has the willingness and/or the ability to pay his/her bills, following the elapse of a specific period of water or electricity consumption, was specified in a two equation model. Since the values of the dependent variables in the model are coded from 0-5, the equations in the model are called &ldquo;ordered probit model&rdquo;. Consequently, they were estimated using the maximum likelihood procedure.</p><p>The empirical results of the estimated model indicate a set of personal, economic, social and legislative variables which are the major determinants behind household behaviour towards payment of bills. Therefore, both providers and consumers should cooperate in the adoption and implementation of steps to improve the collection efficiency of bills.</p><p>Furthermore, certain types of support packages should be carried out by the providers of water and electricity services in order to increase efficiency in running public utilities in the WB.</p>

16 Dec 2014 16:04:57 GMT

Contribution of structural change to productivity growth: evidence from Tunisia

<p>Tunisia presents an interesting setting in which to study the dynamics of structural change because of going through a progressive programme of domestic and foreign liberalisation process during the past twenty-five years. Until the late 1980s, a price regulation system had been used in Tunisia. Since 1986, numerous measures and reforms have been taken to gradually liberaliise foreign trade and the economy.</p><p>The objective of this paper is to analyse the evolution of productivity and the contribution of structural change to productivity growth in Tunisia since the mid eighties. Using sectoral and firm data it shows that productivity increased at a relatively interesting pace, but that the contribution of structural change remained very limited. Trade and labour market reforms did not seem to increase it. The main reasons are barriers to entry in some sectors, the inefficiency of factor markets, and the focus of the firms&rsquo; upgrading program only on some selected sectors.</p>

16 Dec 2014 15:59:44 GMT

Banking and monetary crises: impacts on exports of MENA countries

<p>To date, there has been relatively limited literature treating the impact of financial crises on exports. This paper deals with the impacts of financial crises on the exports of goods and the exports of services in the case of MENA countries. It tries to quantify both the level and duration of exports collapse due to monetary and banking crises.</p><p>Estimating a gravitational model of unilateral trade for the MENA countries over the period 1970-2011, the authors find that after currency and banking crises in the partner countries, exports of MENA countries decreased significantly by respectively 21% and 28%. This effect persists for 3 years after the date of crises for the banking crises and is viable only one year for the currency crises. The negative impact of banking crises in partner countries is more pronounced in the case of manufactured goods than in total exports, with an average drop of 33% in the year after a banking crisis and remaining 20% below normal after 3 years.</p><p>However, exports of services of MENA countries are not as adversely affected by financial crises and their behavior can be explained by standard gravity determinants.</p>

16 Dec 2014 15:38:13 GMT

Did trade liberalization benefit female workers? Evidence on wage and employment effects from Egypt

<p>Egypt has gone through a period of dramatic, albeit slow, economic reform and trade liberalisation process, with average tariff rates being reduced by more than 50% over a period of 15 years. This study investigates the extent of gender discrimination in the Egyptian manufacturing sector, and the impact of trade reform on the gender wage gap and on female employment.</p><p>Results indicate that the gender wage gap, most of which is &ldquo;unexplained&rdquo; by worker characteristics, is high and has increased dramatically over time. Increasing trade liberalisation has largely had a negative impact on women&rsquo;s relative wages and on their employment, even after controlling for the public-private distinction as well as the occupational distinction. There is, however, some evidence supporting a favorable impact of increased export intensity on females in the labour market. This has important implications for policy makers attempting to create more equitable labour market conditions in post-revolutionary Egypt.</p>

16 Dec 2014 15:25:32 GMT

Language-teaching in Pakistani madrassas

<p>The <em>madrassas</em> (or <em>madaris</em>) are religious seminaries which have been in the news in the last two years for two major reasons. First, their students, called <em>tulaba</em> in Arabic and <em>taliban</em> in Pashto, rose to rule most of Afghanistan. And second, because they are allegedly responsible for creating, or at least fanning, sectarian conflict in Pakistan between the Shias and the Sunnis. What goes on in the <em>madrassa</em>, then, is significant for understanding Pakistani society. This article, however, does not attempt to provide understanding of either the Taliban phenomenon or sectarian violence. What it attempts to do is much more modest i.e. to provide an account of language-teaching in the Pakistani <em>madrassas</em>. This should be useful for scholars not only because there is no academic study of this phenomenon in English and this study fills a gap in the knowledge, but also because it helps in understanding how language-teaching helps to reinforce the world view which makes the products of madrassa education behave the way they do in Pakistan.</p><p>The study concludes that language-teaching in the Pakistani <em>madrassas</em> is part of indoctrination. It complements other doctrinaire subjects supporting, reproducing and reinforcing their philosophical import. This world view sees social reality in terms of faith. The `other&#39;, then, is the non-Muslim, the heretic, the blasphemer and even the follower of another sect or a Westernised non-practising Muslim.</p><p>Furthermore, during British rule the `other&#39; was ignored or excommunicated. Since the creation of Pakistan the <em>ulema</em> have tried to empower themselves at the expense of the `other&#39;. In recent years, especially since the Islamic revolution in Iran and the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan, this process of self-empowerment has become militant or, at the very least, much more aggressive and self-confident than before. The teaching of new languages could put dents, as it were, in the orthodox armoury of the <em>madrassas</em>. That is why it is resisted and the <em>madrassas</em> continue to uphold their traditional ways in the teaching of languages.</p>

16 Dec 2014 15:23:57 GMT

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Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

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Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

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Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

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Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

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Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

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Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

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Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

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Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

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Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

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Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

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Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Blog: Export Restrictions in Raw Materials

Blog post on the OECD Insights blog discussing the conclusions from the new book on Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 16:22:00 GMT

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:32:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Somalia: Security Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 22 Jan 2015TERMS OF REFERENCEPositionSecurity AdvisorPlace of Performance SomaliaContract Duration TBCStarting Date TBCOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations and corporates that enables public and private sectors to focus on their

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Project Assistant (Case Management Support) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: LebanonClosing date: 04 Jan 2015UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCYFOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST – UNRWAUNRWA is the United Nations agency responsible for the protection, care and human development of a population of some 4.6 million Palestine refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Syrian Arab Republic. The Agency is committed to assisting Palestine refugees in maintaining a decent standard of living, acquiring appropriate knowledge and skills, enjoying

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: State Building and Federalism Affairs Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 22 Jan 2015TERMS OF REFERENCEPositionState Building and Federalism Affairs AdvisorPlace of Performance SomaliaContract Duration TBC Starting Date TBCOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations and corporates that enables public and private

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: DEPUTY CHIEF OF PARTY/OPERATIONS (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARE USACountry: HaitiClosing date: 04 Jan 2015CARE seeks an experienced Deputy Chief of Party-Operations (DCOP) to be based in Port au Prince, Haiti for its social protection for food security and nutrition program. Under the supervision of the COP, the DCOP Operations is responsible for overseeing the coordinated planning (of activities and resources) and implementation of voucher-based social transfers and maternal child health and nutrition activities in line with updated strategies, technical standards, and applicable rules and regulations.The position supervises directly

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Project Manager - CSR Project (source: OWSA)

LEAF Society invites applications for Project Manager in Mangalore, Karnataka. Last date to receive applications: December 30, 2014.

Mon, 22 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Australia Africa Partnerships Facility - Africa Program Support Group Panel (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Cardno Emerging MarketsCountry: South AfricaClosing date: 30 Jan 2015The Australian Government, through DFAT, is committed to broadening and deepening its engagement with African countries and institutions. The Australia Africa Partnerships Facility (AAPF) was designed in 2009 to support the expansion of Australia’s engagement with Africa’s development. The AAPF design established the following goal and objectives:Goal: Develop partnerships between Australia and African countries that contribute to achieving African countries’ development priorities.Objective 1: Build effective

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary: Assessment Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: HungaryClosing date: 11 Jan 2015I. About UNHCRThe Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and seek solutions to the refugee problem worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees.II. About the GLCThe Global Learning Centre (GLC) was established on 1st of June 2009 in Budapest with the goal of improving organizational

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary: INNOVATION IFELLOW COORDINATOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: HungaryClosing date: 11 Jan 2015UNHCR’s Innovation Unit and the Global Learning Center (GLC) have collaborated on the design and implementation of UNHCR IFellow programme in 2013/2014. The Ifellow programme will continue to play a central role in 2015 in engaging the broader organization in innovation processes; in supporting exceptionally talented and creative staff and driving innovation in UNHCR from the bottom-up. Each year we welcome a group of 20 UNHCR staff and affiliates to the Innovation Fellowship. iFellows (as they’re called)

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Programme Management Officer, P3,(AMMAN),Deadline:3 January 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: JordanClosing date: 03 Jan 2015Job OpeningPosting Title:Programme Management Officer, P3Job Code Title:Programme Management OfficerDepartment/ Office:United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeDuty Station:AMMANPosting Period:4 December 2014-3 January 2015Job Opening number:14-PGM-UNHABITAT-39117-R-AMMAN (E)United Nations Core Values: Integrity, Professionalism, Respect for DiversitySpecial NoticeStaff members are subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and to assignment by him or her. In this context, all staff are

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Human Settlements Officer, P3,(ACCRA), Deadline:14 January 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: GhanaClosing date: 14 Jan 2015Job OpeningApply NowPosting Title:Human Settlements Officer, P3Job Code Title:Programme Management Officer, Human SettlementsDepartment/ Office:United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeDuty Station:ACCRAPosting Period:15 December 2014-14 January 2015Job Opening number:14-PGM-UNHABITAT-37796-R-ACCRA (E)United Nations Core Values: Integrity, Professionalism, Respect for DiversitySpecial NoticeStaff members are subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and to assignment by him or her. In

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Assistant to Executive Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Open Society FoundationsCountry: JordanClosing date: 30 Apr 2015The Open Society Foundationsworks to build vibrant and tolerant democracies whose governments are accountable to their citizens. The Open Society Foundations’Arab Regional Office (ARO) was established in 2006 to support local civil society in its efforts to protect human rights and build vibrant and tolerant societies. Based in Amman and with a satellite office in Tunis, ARO supports a diverse group of civil society organizations, research centers, universities, and media organizations across the Arab world in Egypt,

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Translator - Central Africa Programme (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Advocates for Human DignityCountry: WorldClosing date: 15 Jan 2015Advocates for Human Dignity was founded to promote awareness of violations of basic human rights, the promotion of educational efforts to bring human rights issues to a larger audience, the promotion of a peaceful dialogue regarding human rights issues and also the organizing of support efforts for victims of human rights abusesThe translator will assist the Central Africa Program team in translating press releases, guides, reports articles, etc.Minimum Qualifications§ Be a native French speaker or have obtained

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Procurement Assistant (Local Hire) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Iraq Access to JusticeCountry: IraqClosing date: 27 Dec 2014USAID/Iraq Access To Justice ProgramEmployee will serve as the Procurement Assistant and will carry out duties designed to meet the objectives of the Program from the financial/administrative perspective. Pursuant to ARD’s contract with USAID and reporting to the Procurement Officer, Employee will have the following responsibilities:? Perform Inventory and Property Purchase Report monthly reconciliation;? Use a range of office software, including email, Microsoft Office spreadsheets and databases;? Coordinate

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Graphic Designer- Communication (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Advocates for Human DignityCountry: WorldClosing date: 15 Jan 2015Advocates for Human Dignity was founded to promote awareness of violations of basic human rights, the promotion of educational efforts to bring human rights issues to a larger audience, the promotion of a peaceful dialogue regarding human rights issues and also the organizing of support efforts for victims of human rights abuses.The graphic designer will assist AHD staff with developing and producing outreach, campaign, info graphics, and reporting material.Minimum Qualifications§ Some college or university

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: TAP Deputy Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Federation of United Nations AssociationsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 07 Jan 2015Starting Date: 19 January 2015Location: New YorkPaid Full-Time Contract Position with BenefitsProgram OverviewThe Transparency and Accountability Platform (TAP) is an informal coalition of CSOs working together for the past year to ensure that good governance is at the heart of the United Nations&#39; Post-2015 framework. TAP&#39;s conception of &quot;accountable governance&quot; is framed by notions of rule-of-law, transparency, accountability and citizen participation,

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: TAP Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Federation of United Nations AssociationsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 07 Jan 2015Starting Date: 19 January 2015Location: New YorkPaid Full-time contract position with benefitsProgram OverviewThe Transparency and Accountability Platform (TAP) is an informal coalition of CSOs working together for the past year to ensure that good governance is at the heart of the United Nations&#39; Post-2015 framework. TAP&#39;s conception of &quot;accountable governance&quot; is framed by notions of rule-of-law, transparency, accountability and citizen participation,

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lesotho: Project manager primary healthcare, with focus on MCH and TB and HIV (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SolidarMedCountry: LesothoClosing date: 19 Jan 2015The project Health First Lesotho aims at improving access to integrated primary health care services at selected health centres, with focus on MCH and Tb/HIV through clinical mentoring, capacity building, and management support. Implemented in close collaboration with the District Health Management Team of Butha Buthe, the project aims at establishing good quality decentralized services and improving the continuum of care with a link to referral district hospitals. Due to Lesotho’s disease burden, the thematic focus is on TB,

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Zimbabwe: Project Manager Maternal and Neonatal Health (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SolidarMedCountry: ZimbabweClosing date: 19 Jan 2015SolidarMed implements a thriving country program in the Districts of Zaka and Bikita, Masvingo Province and will start in a third district in the same province in 2015.Purpose of the position:• Manage and implement SolidarMed’s Maternal and Neonatal Health project in Zaka and Bikita District• Coordinate with project partners and link stakeholders• Lead policy dialogue, knowledge exchange and networking in the area of maternal and neonatal health and in coordination with the Country Coordinator and promote and/or conduct

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Chief of Party II – Rwanda Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Catholic Relief ServicesCountry: RwandaClosing date: 31 Jan 2015Position Title:Chief of Party II – Rwanda Multi-Sectoral Nutrition ProgramLocation:Kigali, RwandaBand:DFLSA:ExemptReports To:Rwanda Country ManagerLength of Assignment:3-5 yearsNote: This position is contingent upon grant and candidate approvals by the donor**CRS offers competitive salaries and benefits, commensurate with other INGOs and private sector development organizations priming highly technical development programsAbout CRS:Catholic Relief Services (CRS) carries out the commitment of the Bishops

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Bangladesh: International Consultant (Investment Case)- P4 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: BangladeshClosing date: 28 Dec 2014Purpose of Assignment:To build capacity of Institute of Health Economics (IHE) of the University of Dhaka and key partners in Urban Health to on Investment Case methodology and MBB/Equity platform tool through face to face training and online support.Description of assignment: Interact with the IHE, UNICEF staff and key partners team to understand the core purpose, rationale and expected outputs and outcomes of the Investment casing and the role of MBB/Equity platform; Give example ofevidence based interventions

Sun, 21 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Regional Change Manager for the Horn, East- & Central Africa (HECA) region (source: Relief Web)

Organization: OxfamCountry: KenyaClosing date: 11 Jan 2015Oxfam International and its 17 affiliates worldwide have embarked on an ambitious ‘Vision2020’ strategic change process, building on all changes in the past few years. Top level decisions have been made by senior management and the confederation is ready to move into the next phase of implementation at country, regional and global levels.The changes are expected to have a profound impact on much of our work on the ground and globally, as well as on the way we organise ourselves, our structures, staff and relationships with other stakeholders.In

Sat, 20 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Human Settlements Officer,P-3,(Nairobi),Deadline: 10 January 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 10 Jan 2015TEMPORARY JOB OPENINGIssued on:ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HabitatDUTY STATION:Nairobi with frequent travel to SomaliaFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Human Settlements OfficerGRADE:P-3POST DURATION:6 months with possible extension (depending on availability of funds)CLOSING DATE:10 January 2015BACKGROUNDThe United Nations Human Settlements Programme, UN-Habitat, is the agency for human settlements. It is mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities with

Sat, 20 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Awards Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: LebanonClosing date: 06 Jan 2015Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Security Adviser, UK (source: Relief Web)

Organization: War Child UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 15 Jan 2015Please see www.warchild.org.uk for a full description.We are a growing organisation, with ambitions to continually improve the quality and impact of our work.In order to achieve this our operational systems need to effective, and an important priority within this is the development and maintenance of professional security standards and procedures.Our teams and partners are working in places in which security considerations are paramount, and we are looking for an experienced

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Muslim Hands: Fundraising Manager (source: Third Sector Jobs)

Salary is commensurate with experience; the Salary band stipulated is not rigid:Muslim Hands:Muslim Hands is an international relief organisation that is seeking an enthusiastic and talented individual to lead its UK fundraising activities.Whitechapel, London (Greater)

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Isle of Man (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland): International Security Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AmnestyCountry: Isle of Man (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)Closing date: 04 Jan 2015London£53,352 per annumThe International Secretariat of Amnesty International is recruiting its first International Security Advisor. The motivation to recruit this role is twofold, firstly a recognition of the need to ensure strengthened alignment of all security functions across Amnesty’s operations worldwide and secondly to address the increased security challenges of Amnesty’s new internationally distributed operating model, with permanent Secretariat operations

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Network Engineer (source: CARE)

Duration: PermanentSalary: £35,603 per annumLocation: Vauxhall, LondonRef: C673CARE International is a leading humanitarian and development charity supporting the poorest communities in 84 countries around the world.  Our aim is to bring sustainable and innovative solutions to complex poverty issues and last year we supported 997 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects to reach more than 83 million people.CARE International UK (CIUK) is currently seeking a Network Engineer.  Reporting to the Head of IT, this position is responsible for ensuring the integrity of the IT network

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nigeria: Expression of Interest for a Visa Policy and Procedures Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: NigeriaClosing date: 16 Jan 2015Duration: 16 Working DaysBackground and RationaleThe International Organization for Migration (IOM) Nigeria intends to contract the services of a Visa Policy and Procedures Specialist to review Nigeria Immigration Service’s (NIS) current approach to visa issuance, train and update NIS staff on latest trends in visa policy, and assist NIS in planning next-stage improvements to their visa policies and procedures. The work will take place under the IOM project “Promoting Better Management of Migration

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: A MEDICAL DOCTOR - MYANMAR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 22 Jan 2015We are looking for: A MEDICAL DOCTORCountry:Myanmar, based in Maungdaw DistrictLength of Contract: 12 months starting as soon as possibleGeneral objective: Under the supervision of the Field Coordinator, you are responsible to supervise medical activities in nutrition centers to improve the care of beneficiaries in charge in the Stabilization Centers and in the Out Therapeutic Patient and to participate in the capacity building of the ACF and MoH team, especially the medical side.Responsibilities: More precisally,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Peacebuilding M&E Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: UgandaClosing date: 12 Jan 2015Peacebuilding M&amp;E SpecialistP3Kampala11 MonthsBackgroundThe four-year Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA), is a partnership between UNICEF, the Government of the Netherlands, the national governments of 14 participating countries and other key supporters. The goal of the PBEA is to strengthen resilience, social cohesion and human security in conflict-affected contexts, including countries at risk of – or experiencing and recovering from – conflict. Towards this end, the programme will

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Capacity Building Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AmnestyCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 11 Jan 2015Capacity Building CoordinatorLondon9 months Contract£43,812 per annumAbout the roleIt is an exciting role involving directly working with the sections (national offices) of Amnesty International in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region in their organisational development and capacity building.You will provide support to the sections to build their capacity in the areas of governance, management, strategic and operational planning, evaluation and growth of members and supporters.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Consultancy: Third party monitoring for IDP voluntary returnees in middle Shabelle and Hiran regions - Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Background and contextDRC is a member of the Somalia Returns Consortium (SRC) which is a hub of different UN agencies and NGOs committed to ensuring a multi-sectoral approach in the implementation of the voluntary return program in Somalia. According to the SRC MOU, agencies within the consortium implements voluntary return programming with the aim of ensuring voluntariness of return, safety, dignity and sustainable reintegration for IDP and Returning Refugee households in Somalia in accordance with agreed standard

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Fishing Gear Maintenance Training Facilitator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Vacancy Number:****SVN/IOMSO/109/2014****Position title: Fishing Gear Maintenance Training FacilitatorType of contract: IOM ConsultancyLength of contract: One monthDuty Station: Bossaso, PuntlandStarting date: As soon as possible****Background:****Fisheries play an important role in the Economy of Bossaso Community specially the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in enhancing food supply, generating employment, raising nutritional level and reducing poverty.In order to increase fish

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Quality Improvement Advisor (Lesotho) (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 30 Jan 2015University Research Co., LLC (URC)URC is a global company that works to improve the quality of health care, education and social services in the U.S. and around the world. We provide technical assistance and field research to strengthen health systems and service quality by empowering health workers to find and expand proven and locally appropriate solutions to critical problems. URC is dedicated to expanding access to high-quality maternal, newborn and child health services, preventing and reducing infectious diseases including HIV/AIDS, TB and malaria; and improving

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Livelihoods Advisor to 2 local partners in Myanmar (Consultancy) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mission EastCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 10 Jan 2015TERMS OF REFERENCE for Livelihoods Advisor to 2 local partners in MyanmarThe objective of the consultancy is to enhance the capacity on livelihoods programming of 2 local NGOs in a remote area of Southern Chin State, focussing on topics such as the key concepts of livelihoods, assets and resources, access and control of resources, vulnerability and risk, market access and assessing value chains.The technical advisor will report to the Mission East Consultancy Manager. For this consultancy the Consultancy Manager is Mission

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Senior Registered Nurse (source: Relief Web)

Organization: American Refugee Committee InternationalCountry: South SudanClosing date: 02 Jan 2015POSITION TITLE: Senior Registered NurseDEPARTMENT OR COUNTRY PROGRAM: South Sudan - AweilRESPONSIBLE TO: Hospital Project CoordinatorSTATUS: Full-TimeSUPERVISORY CAPACITY: Nurses, midwives, nursing staff and support staffDATE: January 1, 2015 (subject to funding)**COUNTRY PROGRAM MISSION**Since 1994 American Refugee Committee (ARC) has been operating in South Sudan which covers five states with programs and services reaching over 400,000 returnees, IDPs, refugees and host community members.Currently,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Nurse Anesthetist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: American Refugee Committee InternationalCountry: South SudanClosing date: 02 Jan 2015POSITION TITLE: Nurse AnesthetistDEPARTMENT OR COUNTRY PROGRAM: South Sudan - AweilRESPONSIBLE TO: Medical Doctor/SurgeonSTATUS: Full-TimeSUPERVISORY CAPACITY: NoneDATE: January 1, 2015 (subject to funding)COUNTRY MISSIONSince 1994 American Refugee Committee (ARC) has been operating in South Sudan which covers five states with programs and services reaching over 400,000 returnees, IDPs, refugees and host community members.Currently, ARC implements programs in Primary Health Care and

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Emergency Response Field Coordinator: Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Working in 50 developing countries across Africa, Asia and the Americas, Plan’s stated Global Strategic Goal (2011-15) is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits. Plan aims to achieve this goal by working in partnership with others and through high performing teams whose behaviours reflect the corporate values. It has a global income of around $800m.We are currently recruiting for an Emergency Response Field Coordinator

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Project Manager, Community Based Response to Ebola - Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Working in 50 developing countries across Africa, Asia and the Americas, Plan’s stated Global Strategic Goal (2011-15) is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits. Plan aims to achieve this goal by working in partnership with others and through high performing teams whose behaviours reflect the corporate values. It has a global income of around $800m.We are looking for an exceptional, highly experienced Programme Manager

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Programme Manager - DEC - Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Working in 50 developing countries across Africa, Asia and the Americas, Plan’s stated Global Strategic Goal (2011-15) is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits. Plan aims to achieve this goal by working in partnership with others and through high performing teams whose behaviours reflect the corporate values. It has a global income of around $800m.We are looking for an exceptional, highly experienced Programme Manager,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Child Protection Advisor, UK (source: Relief Web)

Organization: War Child UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 15 Jan 2015See www.warchild.org.uk for a full description.We are growing as an organisation, expanding our donor base and our range of programmes in some very challenging settings, including DRC, CAR, Jordan, Iraq and Afghanistan. We are ambitious about programme quality and technical excellence, and we need to recruit an experienced Child Protection Advisor to work with our country programmes in leading the design and delivery of our next generation of programmes.The CP expert will advise

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chief of party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsClosing date: 07 Jan 2015Chemonics seeks a chief of party for an anticipated USAID-funded health project in Central Asia. The project aims to increase use of evidence-based government- and NGO-provided HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for targeted populations. The chief of party will provide overall technical and management oversight. We are looking for individuals who have a passion for making a difference in the lives of people around the world.Responsibilities include:Provide overall strategic, technical, programmatic, financial, and management guidance

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sudan: Driver (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SightsaversCountry: SudanClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Our vision is of a world where no one is blind from avoidable causes and where visually impaired people participate equally in society. Each year, we improve the lives of millions of people in the poorest parts of the world. Sightsavers offers a great place to work within easy reach of London and Brighton.Driver (2 year fixed term contract)Khartoum, SudanLocal terms and conditions will applyReporting to the Finance and Support Officer, the incumbent will be responsible for driving visiting Sightsavers staff and consultants

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Advocacy Advisor - AA/LIB-0115 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: IbisCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 08 Jan 2015Purpose of the positionThe Advocacy Advisor in cooperation with the two IBIS Programme Directors is responsible for developing advocacy strategies, coordinating and/or leading advocacy processes, ensuring capacity development of IBIS staff and partners, and on a continuous basis documenting achievements and challenges to inform the further development of IBIS in Liberia’s advocacy profile.The Advocacy Advisor is responsible for coordination and overall management of the advocacy work by IBIS in Liberia. In a project-based manner,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Programme Manager (Tax & Inequality) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam GBClosing date: 18 Jan 2015Extreme inequality is one of the greatest injustices of our times. The richest 85 people in the world have as much wealth as the poorest half of the global population, and too many rules are rigged against the poorest. Oxfam&#39;s new global &#39;Even It Up&#39; campaign will work to end extreme inequality and poverty, through fairer taxation, public services and by challenging the idea that extreme inequality is inevitable. And with your help, we can make a difference.The roleYou will be responsible for managing a multi-country programme and

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Officer, TechWomen (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Institute of International EducationCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Jan 2015Purpose of Position: TechWomen empowers, connects, and supports the next generation of women leaders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) from Africa and the Middle East by providing them the access and opportunity needed to advance their careers, pursue their dreams, and inspire women and girls in their communities.The Program Officer will lead the Emerging Leader Program Lifecycle and serve as the main point of contact for Emerging Leader participants. In this

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: MEDIA ARCHIVE INTERNSHIP – SPRING 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: WITNESSCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 15 Jan 2015OrganizationWITNESS uses video to open the eyes of the world to human rights violations. WITNESS empowers people to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools for justice, promoting public engagement and policy change. Founded 20 years ago by musician and activist Peter Gabriel, WITNESS partners with NGOs, community groups, and grassroots organizations around the globe.Internships at WITNESS offer a unique, hands-on opportunity to enhance their educational objectives through practical, real-world

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: DIGITAL ENGAGEMENT & TRAINING RESOURCES INTERNSHIP – SPRING 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: WITNESSCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 15 Jan 2015OrganizationWITNESS uses video to open the eyes of the world to human rights violations. WITNESS empowers people to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools for justice, promoting public engagement and policy change. Founded 20 years ago by musician and activist Peter Gabriel, WITNESS partners with NGOs, community groups, and grassroots organizations around the globe. witness.orgInternships at WITNESS offer a unique, hands-on opportunity to enhance their educational objectives through practical,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: RESEARCH AND INDIVIDUAL GIVING INTERNSHIP – SPRING 2015 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: WITNESSCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 15 Jan 2015External RelationsOrganizationWITNESS uses video to open the eyes of the world t human rights violations. WITNESS empowers people to transform personal stories of abuse into powerful tools for justice, promoting public engagement and policy change. Founded 20 years ago by musician and activist Peter Gabriel, WITNESS partners with NGOs, community groups, and grassroots organizations around the globe (www.witness.org)).Internships at WITNESS offer a unique, hands-on opportunity to enhance your educational objectives

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: EngenderHealthCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 16 Jan 2015PROGRAM: Program ManagementLOCATION: New York, NYFLSA STATUS/UNION AFFILIATION: Non-exempt/UnionEngenderHealth is a leading global women’s health organization committed to ensuring that every pregnancy is planned, every child is wanted, and every mother has the best chance at survival. In 20 countries around the world, we train health care professionals and partner with governments and communities to make high-quality family planning and sexual and reproductive health services available—today and for

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Communication Specialist : Sierra Leone (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits.We are looking for a exceptional, highly experienced Communication Specialist to join our Emergency Response Team in Sierra Leone. You will be responsible forleading the development and implementation of communication strategies in order to position Plan Sierra Leone’s Ebola response programming both at national and international levels. In addition you will

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: In-country support and coordination for TDY to develop FANTA Project SOW in Indonesia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: FHI 360Country: IndonesiaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Period of Performance:January 19, 2015 - February 27, 2015Total No. of Days:20 daysSkills and qualifications:Master’s Degree in nutrition, medicine, public health or related fieldAt least 10 years working with donor-funded public health or nutrition projects, and/or Government of Indonesia health or nutrition programsEstablished relationships with key stakeholders in country including relevant ministries (including health, agriculture, education, information and gender); partners including UN agencies (e.g. UNICEF, FAO,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: Regional Grant Accountant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: SenegalClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits.We are looking for a Regional Grant Accountantto join the Regional Ebola Response Team in the Regional Office .You will be responsible for the management of the mobilized resources, including timely and quality reporting, and the transition of the financial responsibility to the country office. You will play a crucial role in providing high quality grant management

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Psychosocial Specialist : Guinea (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: GuineaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high quality programmes that deliver long lasting benefits.We are looking for exceptional, highly experienced Psychosocial Specialistto join our Emergency Ebola Response Team in Guinea.Working closely with the Child Protection Advisor you will be responsible for:· Designing and delivering interventions for psychosocial support for children and their care givers, linked with Plan child protection interventions and with

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

INDEPENDENT MONITOR OF OXFAM CASH TRANSFER PROGRAM IN AFGOYE AND DUSAMAREB DISTRICT, SOMALIA (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 02 Jan 2015Oxfam has been assisting the population of Somalia since the 1960s with interventions focusing mainly on livelihood and public health sectors, including water and sanitation interventions. Activities have encompassed both development and emergency projects.Recent food security analysis by FSNAU (September 2014) indicates that the number of people in crisis and emergency has risen to 1.025m an indication that the gains made after the 2011 famine could be severely compromised if robust humanitarian and livelihoods interventions are not provided. Dhusamareb district and

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

INDEPENDENT MONITOR OF OXFAM RESILIENCE PROGRAM IN LOWER SHABELLE AND GALGADUD REGION OF SOUTH CENTRAL SOMALIA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam NovibClosing date: 02 Jan 2015Repeated crises linked to political, economic, social and environmental factors have eroded the social, institutional, livelihood and environmental bases of Somali communities and rendered them increasingly vulnerable to recurrent shocks. The frequency and severity of crises in Somalia that have resulted in crop failure, depletion of livestock, rising food prices, and deteriorating purchasing power have led to an almost perpetual state of livelihood crisis. Although the Somali population is, by necessity, extremely resilient, over time there

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Food Assistance Specialist: Guinea (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: GuineaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high quality programmes that deliver long lasting benefits.We are looking for exceptional, highly experienced Food Assistance Specialistto join our Ebola Response Team in Guinea.You will be responsible for managing all food commodities and ensuring all food aid programs is implemented in line with the set standards and objectives. Emphasis will be on quality and accountability of all food and cash assistance, within the

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Programme Manager: Sierra Leone (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high quality programmes that deliver long lasting benefits.We are looking for exceptional, highly experienced Programme Manager, for a DFID funded Ebola response programme to join our Emergency Response Team responding to Ebola in Sierra Leone.You will be responsible for Plan Sierra Leone’s DFID-funded programme providing comprehensive care packages (Food and NFI) to communities affected by Ebola, with a budget

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

American Samoa: Resident Sr Program Manager for Gender Mainstreaming, Human Rights & Labor:Niger (source: Relief Web)

Organization: National Democratic InstituteCountry: American Samoa, Democratic People&#039;s Republic of Korea, NigerClosing date: 18 Jan 2015RESIDENT SENIOR PROGRAM MANAGER FOR GENDER MAINSTREAMING, HUMAN RIGHTS AND LABOR: NIGERSUMMARY:Based in Niamey, Niger, the Resident Senior Program Manager will work under leadership of the Resident Director and in close cooperation with the country team in Niamey to implement program activities designed to raise awareness for, and promote the implementation of gender mainstreaming, international human rights and labor standards into Nigerien legislation

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Associate, TB Drugs (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Clinton Health Access InitiativeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 18 Jan 2015The Drug Access Team:The Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) works to broaden access to life-saving therapy for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria patients in the poorest parts of the world. CHAI approaches health access challenges with simultaneous and intensive engagement on both the demand and supply sides of the market.On the demand side, CHAI’s country teams help governments to scale up treatment programs, improve procurement and supply chain management, and, for malaria,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Emergency Response Manager : Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Plan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high-quality programmes that deliver long-lasting benefits.We are looking for a Emergency Response Manager to lead and manage the Ebola Emergency Response in Liberia. You will be responsible for the quality and effectiveness of Plan’s emergency response, developing, coordinating and managing all emergency programming and associated support activities. You will have overall responsibility for the security and well-being

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Project Manager for Community-Driven Recovery and Safety - Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 15 Jan 2015Re-advertisementBackgroundDanish Refugee Council (DRC) is an independent, non-profit organization (NGO), founded on the basis of humanitarian principles, and human rights based approach, to secure the protection of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), and to promote long term solutions to the problems of forced displacement.DRC has been implementing humanitarian activities in Somalia since 2008. Using a protection of human rights framework, DRC Somalia assists refugees and migrants from the Horn of

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Team Leader, Strategic Response & Global Emergencies (219474-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 17 Feb 2015PROGRAM/DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps works in some of the most demanding and difficult countries and regions of the world. Our field leaders face significant challenges to implement effective, innovative programs. There is a recognized need for a unit within the Mercy Corps structure to meet the challenges of quality and management short-falls in all kinds of environments. The Strategic Response &amp; Global Emergencies (SRGE) team, which is part of Program, is responsible for responding in the most critical

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Malawi: Country office support officer (one-year term) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Inter AideCountry: MalawiClosing date: 09 Jan 2015ContextFounded in 1980, Inter Aide is a humanitarian organisation that specialises in the implementation of development programs that aim to promote access for the most vulnerable to development. The programs respond to specific, vital needs of local communities. Our principal objective is to reinforce the capacities of vulnerable populations to allow them to improve the living conditions in their communities.Inter Aide currently implements programs in 6 countries in Africa (Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Madagascar and Sierra

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Security Officer - Response & Resilience Team (RRT) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam GBClosing date: 11 Jan 2015Oxfam works with others to overcome poverty and suffering. As an Oxfam employee, you will join a team of professionals that is part of the international confederation of 17 organizations networked together in 94 countries. As part of a global movement for change, we are working together to end world poverty and injustice.This is an opportunity to carry out security assessments and security management reviews in locations Oxfam is working or is considering working; either providing management with recommendations for action or working directly

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: Consultant - Post-emergency fodder and livestock EMMA Team Leader - Ethiopia (219475-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: EthiopiaClosing date: 17 Feb 2015Deadline to apply: January, 5th 2015Background:PRIME is a five-year, USAID-funded initiative designed to support resilience among pastoralist communities in Ethiopia, and thus enhance prospects for a long-term development in the drylands, where the pastoralist livelihood system prevails. Financed through FTF and GCC, PRIME is designed to be transformative, innovative and achieve scale through market-driven approaches to livestock production and livelihood diversification that simultaneously support dryland communities to

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mauritania: Termes de référence - ACF Mauritanie - Etude sur le renforcement de la gestion communautaire du système d'approvisionnement en eau du camp de M’Bera (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Acción contra el HambreCountry: MauritaniaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015L’approvisionnement en eau du camp se fait au travers de 5 forages alimentant 7 réservoirs de stockage d’une capacité totale de 1’065 m3. Par gravité, ces réservoirs desservent 617 robinets par l’intermédiaire d’environ 26&#39;430 km de conduite tout diamètre confondu. Le volume pompé en octobre 2014 a été de 1’250 m3/jour. Ce volume alimente en eau potable 54’990 réfugiés, irrigue environ 4 ha de jardin maraicher, et fournit de l’eau à 2 abreuvoirs pour environ 38’000 têtes de bétail.Il y a un total de 2&#39;500

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Consultant to Support the Polio Team to Strengthen Communications (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 02 Jan 2015BackgroundUNICEF is one of four spearheading partners in the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), along with Rotary International, the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Most recently, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has joined as a major donor and technical partner. Within the partnership, UNICEF has the lead responsibility for vaccine supply, as well as for polio communication and social mobilization activities.In the past year UNICEF has

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Technical Officer III (source: Relief Web)

Organization: FHI 360Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 19 Jan 2015FHI 360 is a nonprofit human development organization dedicated to improving lives in lasting ways by advancing integrated, locally driven solutions. Our staff includes experts in Health, Education, Nutrition, Environment, Economic Development, Civil Society, Gender, Youth, Research and Technology; creating a unique mix of capabilities to address today&#39;s interrelated development challenges. FHI 360 serves more than 60 countries, all 50 U.S. states and all U.S. territories. We are currently seeking qualified candidates

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Food Security/Cash and Voucher Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Associazione Volontari per il Servizio InternazionaleCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 10 Feb 2015Period: 15 March 2014 – 30 March 2015Duty Station:Bukavu – South Kivu Province, with frequent movement on field Democratic Republic of CongoStarting Date:15 March 2014Project:«Appui alimentaire d’urgence pour 12.300 ménages en situation de crise alimentaire au Sud» - ECHOAVSI has worked in the DR Congo since 2002 and contributes to the improvement of living conditions for displaced through NFI and food distributions, food security interventions, construction

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Roving Emergency HR Manager - South Sudan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: South SudanClosing date: 01 Jan 2015We are looking for a highly qualified, self-motivated Roving Emergency HR Manager able to work with diverse teams of both national and international staff under difficult, stressful and sometimes insecure conditions.Who are we? The Danish Refugee Council has been in South Sudan since 2004 working with refugees, internally displaced people and returnees. In 2012, DRC opened its operations in Upper Nile State (Maban County) to respond to the large influx of refugees coming from Blue Nile State in Sudan and in early

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Coordinateur Technique Santé - Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: MaliClosing date: 11 Jan 2015Handicap International recherche un « Coordinateur Technique Santé» pour son programme de développement au Mali.Il s’agit d’un contrat à durée déterminée temps plein de 2 ans. La prise de poste se fera début février 2015.Plus d&#39;informations sur le poste via le lien suivant:http://hi.profilsearch.com/recrute/fr/fo_annonce_voir.php?id=735&amp;idpartenaire=136How to apply:Les candidats intéressés peuvent envoyer leur CV et lettre de motivation au plus tard le 11 janvier 2015 via le lien mentionné ci-dessus.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cambodia: Regional Psychosocial Delegate, Asia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Red CrossCountry: CambodiaClosing date: 04 Jan 2015Danish Red Cross (DRC) is seeking an experienced and independent Psychosocial Expert to our team in Asia.DRC has been present in Asia for the past 15 years working in partnership with a number of Red Cross National Societies. DRC has over the last years been one of the leading Red Cross contributors of technical advice on psychosocial support (PSS) in Asia. In the DRC focus countries Cambodia, Lao, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan there is a need for technical advice and guidance on the psychosocial components within DRC supported

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: VACANCY NOTICE NO. PER/VN/026/2014- Supply Assistant GS 5 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: RwandaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014PURPOSE OF THE JOBUnder the direct supervision of the Supply and Procurement Specialist, assists in the supply and procurement of various services in support of the Country Programme and related activities.KEY AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY****1.****Issue requests for Quotations (RFQ) for low value procurement of goods and procurement of services. Based on the adjudication, issue Administrative LPOs and conduct expedition of orders. Receive and scrutinize Admin/Programme LPO invoices for payment, prepare payment

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Fully Funded Volunteer Placement in Southern Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Skillshare InternationalCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 30 Apr 2015We are currently offering fully funded overseas volunteer opportunities, for those with a passion to make a difference and desire to experience another culture in its most authentic form.Apply today and you could be in South Africa, Botswana or Lesotho, by the summer, falling in love with another way of life.As a Skillshare ICS volunteer you will reach out to disadvantaged people, working for 10 weeks with a partner organisation on projects that help local young people

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Netherlands: Mental Health Psycho Social Support Technical Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: HealthNet TPOCountry: NetherlandsClosing date: 07 Jan 2015Mental Health Psycho Social Support Technical AdvisorFor our head office in Amsterdam, HealthNet is looking for a Mental Health Psycho Social Support (MHPSS) Technical Advisor who will provide technical support to the HealthNet organization in South Sudan and North Iraq and the partner organization in Iraq.**About us:** HealthNet is a Dutch aid agency that works on health care in areas disrupted by war or disasters. In these areas people are facing the immense task of rebuilding society while they suffer from poverty,

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Consultant - Community-Based DRR and CCA Module Development Scoping Study for ASEAN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam GBClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Location of Work: South East AsiaBase of consultaant: Home country based in AsiaDuration: 30 working days over January 5th – March 31st , 2015Management Line: APG Programme Manager, with strategic oversight by the APG ChairBackgroundThe recent disasters that have visited the ASEAN region in recent months have again underscored the need for its citizens to be better prepared. It has become even more urgent to build the capacities of responders and strengthen mechanisms to prevent disasters or at the least mitigate their effects. This is

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Technical Advisor, Gender (source: Relief Web)

Organization: FHI 360Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 19 Jan 2015FHI 360 is a nonprofit human development organization dedicated to improving lives in lasting ways by advancing integrated, locally driven solutions. Our staff includes experts in Health, Education, Nutrition, Environment, Economic Development, Civil Society, Gender, Youth, Research and Technology; creating a unique mix of capabilities to address today&#39;s interrelated development challenges. FHI 360 serves more than 60 countries, all 50 U.S. states and all U.S. territories. We are currently seeking qualified candidates

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: WASH - Programme Assistant ( Luuq) (source: Relief Web)

Country: SomaliaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SPECIAL VACANCY NOTICEI. Position InformationSVN No: SVN/IOMSO/108/2014Position title: WASH - Programme AssistantPosition grade: Ungraded equivalent to G4/01 (US$1,080.89 P.M.)Duty station: Luuq – 100% work timeDuration: 9 months with a possibility of extensionType of contract: Special contract under 3rd party contractorOrganizational unit: Migration HealthII. Organizational Context and ScopeWith the existing Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion (WASH activities in IOM Somalia mission and three years of implementation and presence

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Aruba (The Netherlands): Health Specialist, High Impact Health Services II, Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Systems InternationalCountry: Aruba (The Netherlands), Bulgaria, United States of AmericaClosing date: 18 Jan 2015Health Specialist, High Impact Health Services II, MaliCompany Profile:MSI is an international development firm in the Washington, D.C., metro area with a 30-year history of helping to deliver results across the developing world. In 2008, we became part of Coffey International Limited. Since that time, we have greatly expanded our ability to respond seamlessly and flexibly to client needs with Coffey&#39;s international development offices in the United

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Sub-field Coordinator/Programme Assistant - Gedo (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. Position InformationSVN No: SVN/IOMSO/107/2014Position title: Sub-field Coordinator/Programme Assistant - GedoPosition grade: G5/01 (all inclusive salary)Type of contract: Short Term under 3rd Party ContractDuty station: Doolow, Somalia (with frequent travels to other parts of Somalia especially Luuq and other areas in Gedo region)Duration of Assignment: 6 monthsII. Organizational Context and ScopeUnder the overall supervision of the Chief of Mission of IOM Somalia, direct supervision

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Operations and compliance manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 02 Jan 2015Chemonics seeks an operations and compliance manager to support the dynamic and growing portfolio of projects within our Afghanistan Regional Business Unit. The manager will ensure that the day-to-day operations of the business unit run smoothly and that projects and the activities of our field operations are in compliance with all relevant regulations. We are looking for individuals who have a passion for making a difference in the lives of people around the world.Responsibilities include:• Ensure that projects

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as an Associate Research Fellow for a two-year, fixed term, renewable appointment for its Markets,  Trade and Institutions Division.  The Postdoctoral Fellow will conduct research on issues related to income diversification of rural households, value chain analysis, poverty maps, vertical and horizontal integration in agricultural markets and modern value chains. The Fellow will work on empirical micro econometric modeling, and value chain analysis. Required Qualifications:  Ph.D.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Programme Manager - Maroodi Jeex Region, Somaliland (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Health Poverty ActionCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 05 Jan 2015Health Poverty Action is currently recruiting for the Programme Manager(PM) - Maroodi Jeex Region post that will be based in Hargeisa, SomalilandThe PM will provide overall management for the DFID GPAF funded Improving MCH among IDPs projects, the WFP maternal and child health and nutrition programme (MCHN) and the pilot Beneficiary Feedback Mechanism project with World Vision, in Maroodi Jeex region of Somaliland, ensuring good financial and general administration of projects, staff, finances and assets. The post

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as a Research Fellow for a two-year, fixed term, renewable appointment for its Markets, Trade and Institutions Division.  This position is based at IFPRI’s headquarters in Washington, DC. Essential Duties: Lead a team of Postdoctoral Fellows and conduct research on issues related to applied microeconomics in developing countries.  Work on empirical micro econometric modeling (parametric and non-parametric), panel data analysis, impact evaluation and household and intra

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as an Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow for its Markets, Trade and Institutions Division.   The position is a two-year, fixed-term appointment, and is renewable depending on performance and funding. Please note that Associate Research Fellow appointments at IFPRI have a maximum term of three (3) years, inclusive of any approved appointment extensions. This position is based at IFPRI headquarters located in Washington, D.C.   Essential Duties:  

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Emergency Project Coordinator, Eastern Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: UkraineClosing date: 06 Jan 2015People in Need (PIN) is the Czech Republic based NGO working in relief and development sectors. See more at www.peopleineed.cz. In early August 2014 PIN opened humanitarian response in Eastern Ukraine and the program is rapidly expanding. Focus is given on the assistance to the IDPs, returnees and population living in the contested areas in the sectors of food security, shelter &amp; winterization and health. Total volume of the programs is up to 5 mil USD funded by OFDA, ECHO, UNHCR, WFP and private donors till March 2015.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT