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Climate Watch

Risk-efficient Planting Schedules for Corn in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines

<p>The study was conducted to identify risk-efficient cropping schedules for corn farmers in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines using stochastic dominance analysis of simulated yields, given the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forecasts during the cropping period. Actual weather data, with missing observations estimated using a weather generating software, were used in constructing weather data sets. These data, together with crop parameters and soil characteristics in the study site, were used as inputs to generate probability distributions of yields during different planting schedules. The simulated yield distributions were classified according to the ENSO phases prevailing during the cropping period. Stochastic dominance analysis was applied on the yield distributions to determine the first-degree stochastic dominance (FSD) set and the second-degree stochastic dominance (SSD) set. Finally, stochastic dominance with respect to a function (SDWRF) was applied on the SSD set to identify risk-efficient schedules at different levels of risk aversion. Risk-efficient schedules were identified for each cropping season and under each ENSO phase. It was found out that some June-July schedules (during the first season) and some December schedules (during the second season) are more risk-efficient than traditional schedules.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:55:39 GMT

Corn Farmers’ Decisionmaking Based on Seasonal Climate Forecasts

<p>Although our ability to predict climate conditions has improved significantly, farmers` use of climate information and forecasts in farming decisions and practices has changed a little. Part of the reasons is the lack of communication of innovations like the seasonal climate forecasts (SCFs). Today, efforts are being initiated to motivate farmers to integrate SCF into their farm decisionmaking. This study was conducted to serve as basis in designing a communication campaign on SCF. Data were gathered in Malaybalay, Bukidnon through focus group discussions, decisionmaking workshops, and interviews with farmers cultivating at least a hectare of corn. In the decisionmaking workshop, farmers were asked to assume hypothetical situations, given a climate forecast for the current years` cropping season, and requested to decide their farming activities based on the climate forecasts. Results showed the popularity of SCF among the farmers. However, farmers depended more on their indigenous climate forecasting than on the SCF. Farmers considered climate forecasts as nonprobabilistic and said that they find it difficult to understand these forecasts. For better understanding, they suggested that climate forecasts use simple words and be downscaled to their locality. Utilizing description-based decisions, their decisions were aimed at maximizing profits and minimizing cost.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:51:56 GMT

Policy Options for Rice and Corn Farmers in the Face of Seasonal Climate Variability

<p>In the face of seasonal climate variability, the smallholder farmers, particularly those in rural communities, are among the most adversely affected. As a way to address this, together with concern on low productivity, the Philippine government has been implementing a range of risk management programs for farmers and other agricultural stakeholders. Based on key informant surveys and focus group discussions conducted in key producing areas in the country, rice and corn farmers reported that they still have limited options in terms of changing their production decisions in response to seasonal climate forecasts. Among the risk mitigation tools available, the following emerged as most preferred by farmers: localized climate information; accessible credit; crop insurance; and special assistance programs such as irrigation and seeds provision. This paper tackles these programs in detail and discusses the challenges besetting these programs. The paper also presents some policy options which could enhance the delivery of these agricultural services in pursuit of improved productivity and welfare in target farming communities in the country.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:42:04 GMT

First national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Initial Communication was prepared in fulfillment of Grenada&rsquo;s commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The preparatory process involved a series of consultation meetings and peer reviews by a wide range of stakeholders, aimed at validating the results of the technical analyses and providing inputs into the recommended strategies and actions.</p><p>The country&rsquo;s commitment is evidenced by the Action Plan which was developed to address the key issues identified in the process of preparing this Initial Communication.</p><p>The Action Plan was aimed at initiating processes to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and at formulating a national response to the adverse impacts of climate change on the country.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

05 Mar 2015 15:26:13 GMT

Commonwealth of Dominica Second National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication (SNC) on Climate Change is in compliance with Dominica&rsquo;s obligation to the UNFCCC. Chapter 1 sets the National Circumstances, and in particular the aspects of development policies related to the major components of climate change process. Chapter 2 is devoted to Greenhouse Gases Emissions and Inventories, carried out for the period 2000 &ndash; 2005, in accordance with the methodology recommended by the Convention Secretariat and the IPCC. Chapter 3 deals with Vulnerability to climate change and its variability. The capacity for mitigating the effects of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions is presented in Chapter 4. It is followed by chapter 5 in which all other information related to achievement of the Convention objectives is presented.</p>

05 Mar 2015 11:33:18 GMT

The energy poverty and gender nexus in Himachal Pradesh, India: the impact of clean fuel access policy on women’s empowerment

<p>In India, one hundred and sixty million people, especially women and children, spend long hours gathering biofuels and suffer the health consequences of carrying heavy loads and from the pollution from burning biofuels. If they did not have to gather fuel, these hours could be used towards their self-development or for economically productive activities and hence alleviate poverty. The intersection of energy, poverty alleviation and gender is a key issue that needs to be addressed.</p><p>This study attempts to explore and establish the linkages among gender, empowerment, energy, environment and health issues in Himachal Pradesh (HP). HP was selected for the study as it is seen as one of the four most progressive states in India and where government has a policy to allocate an additional quota of clean fuels (LPG, kerosene) to hilly areas in order to prevent deforestation (20 litres per household as against 5 litres elsewhere in India).</p><p>Findings of the study shows that:</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women in HP are relatively strongly empowered and exercise this power in decision-making at all level:</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Although the state has progressed in terms of education, asset ownership etc., the use of new energy technology remains on the periphery and the brunt of this lack of progress is faced primarily by women;</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women, especially those in the 30-60 age group, and older men in HP are at the greatest risk of having respiratory diseases;</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women in HP suffer drudgery due to using biofuels and are willing to shift to clean fuels; and</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Income from kerosene sales constituted only 2% of their total incomes and most viewed this business as only as sideline Low demand and low profits deter people from opening a shop to sell the kerosene quotas in the state.</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">The study also shows that empowerment level and access to energy are correlated in HP. Both the empowerment level and access to energy in HP are above the all&ndash;India averages. Even within HP, the two districts investigated in more detail, with different levels of access to fuels, have different levels of empowerment. The paper concludes that gender and energy are closely linked but have remained on the periphery of development policy. It states that greater political will as well as cooperation among government ministries, development agencies and community organisations is necessary to give women access to modern fuels and free them from daily drudgery.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:39:42 GMT

Energy and its sustainable development for India

<p>India, at 1.17 billion people is the second most populated country in the world and is home to 17% of the world population. Its primary energy consumption (in 2007) was 18.65EJ, 3.75% of the entire world. It amounts to 15.9BJ/person-year, China&rsquo;s of 56.2BJ/person-year and with India&rsquo;s strong GDP growth of about 9% and a relatively high population growth of 1.55% (compared with 0.65% for China, 0.97% for the US., 0.11% for the European Union and 1.17% for the world). It is obvious that significant growth is expected as the people of India increase in number and strive to improve their living standard.</p><p>This paper summarises the most recently available energy and emissions data, outlines the structure of the SI, fills some information gaps and offers brief comments for some sustainable paths for the future. The paper highlights the energy shortage in India due to low usage of nuclear power generation, Green House Gas emissions, fuel switching and new technologies, renewable energy and energy economics and efficiency as current energy related developments in India. It also states the structure of SI and comments on existing literature on energy usage in India. Key issues in this regard are:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fossil fuels, renewables and energy efficiency;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Household energy and biomass; and</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Energy and CO2 emissions</p><p>To address the energy crisis and ensure a sustainable path to energy development, the paper makes the following recommendations:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Conservation or sustainable use of energy resources including less polluting transportation, efficient buildings and household energy usage and prevention of energy efficiency rebound;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Advanced and new renewable technologies should be adapted, developed and implemented in coal mining, transportation and power generation;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Adoption of efficient, extensive and smart electricity distribution grid;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Designing and implementing highly sustainable large energy projects; and</p><ul><li style="margin-left: 36pt;">Inclusion of the people at all stages of the project.</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:24:58 GMT

India's GHG emissions profile: result of five climate-modelling studies

<p>Anthropogenic climate change poses perhaps the most complex policy issue faced yet by the global community, moreover, one that is fraught with existential consequences for humankind at one level, and with major implications for the future division of global economic labour at another.</p><p>Mitigation of GHG emissions will, beyond a fairly modest level, involve appreciable economic costs to a society. On the other hand, the adverse impacts of climate change would be felt in diverse sectors which are at the core of livelihood concerns, especially of the poor &ndash; agriculture, water resources, coastal resources, vector borne disease, &ldquo;natural&rdquo; calamities, etc. This Technical Report describes the energy-economic models developed with MoEF support, and the results of initial simulations with these models as well as the results of two other studies recently conducted in India.</p><p>The results of 4 of the 5 studies, which vary in terms of model structure/methodology, assumptions, and data, besides differences in the definitions of the Illustrative Scenario, (whose common feature is that no new GHG mitigation policies are put in place) show that India&rsquo;s per-capita CO2e emissions in 2030/31 would be between 2.77 and 3.9 tons per-capita, which is well below the 2005 global average of 4.22 tons per-capita. The fifth study projects the 2031 emissions at 5 tons per-capita, i.e. a little above the 2005 global average.</p><p>Further, both the energy intensity of the Indian economy, as well as the CO2e intensity of the Indian economy will fall continuously till 2030-31 in the Illustrative Scenarios, as revealed by all 5 studies. On the other hand, the structure of the economy, policy and regulatory regime, and energy endowments, together ensure that India&rsquo;s growth over the next two decades, while rapid, would remain inherently sustainable.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that fact that significant differences still arise between the results of the different studies show that it is not feasible to unambiguously define any &ldquo;baseline&rdquo; or &ldquo;business-as-usual&rdquo; GHGs trajectory for the country. However, even without any new policies for GHG abatement and given the structure of the Indian economy, its current and projected GHG growth rates, and its energy endowments, its GHG emissions will increase in a runaway manner over time.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:19:56 GMT

Gender analysis of renewable energy in India: present status, issues, approaches and new initiatives

<p>Approximately 2 billion people throughout the world do not have access to clean energy for cooking and about 1.7 billion people are without electricity for either cooking or heating. Grid- based electrical power fails to reach many rural and poor urban areas in developing countries, and there is also inadequate distribution of gas or other fuels for cooking and heating. The impact of such precarious situations is more pronounced on poor women than men because of the 1.2 billion people worldwide living on less than one dollar a day, 70 per cent are women.</p><p>In India, the 2001 census showed that nearly 700 million people do not have access to modern energy services. While nearly 300 million people do not have access to electricity, an even larger number (625 million) do not have access to modern cooking fuels Against this backdrop, this paper is a gender analysis carried out to promote an approach that would lead to national energy policies becoming more gender-responsive in terms of content and process.</p><p>The paper posits that the 11th five-year plan (2007-2012) invested more than $100 billion in the energy sector, including coal, oil, hydropower and other renewables and nuclear - but less than 2% of this went towards alleviating the drudgery suffered by women and children. Together, women and children collect close to 28% of all primary energy. However, no inputs in terms of investment, management or technology are provided to them- something that all other energy sectors take for granted.</p><p>In conclusion, the paper therefore recommends the following measures toward creating sound gender-responsive energy policies and, more importantly, their coordinated implementation:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Reorient monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to reflect gender concerns in energy programmes;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Linking women&rsquo;s empowerment with energy development;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Inter-ministerial coordination; and</p><ul><li style="margin-left: 36pt;">making cooking fuel available within 1 kilometre of rural inhabitants</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:14:21 GMT

The time is now: proceedings of the international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development 8-9 September 2010, New Delhi

<p>Climate change and urbanisation: The combined two processes represent some of the most fundamental challenges nations and indeed the world must face over the coming decades. For the first time in human history, more than 50% of the world now lives in urban areas. This huge population rely on institutional, physical and ecological systems for energy, transport and communication that extend far beyond local areas. These systems, which provide essential food, water, shelter and other needs on which lives depend, are exposed in one way or another to the direct and indirect effects of climate change. Whether the effect relates to direct impacts such as extreme temperatures, storms or floods in cities, or indirect ones, such as changes in global grain markets that lead to spikes in food prices that negatively affect the urban poor &ndash; the future challenges for urban administrations will be huge.</p><p>This is very true of India which is urbanising very rapidly. In view of this, a two-day international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development, bringing together a unique combination of stakeholder was held to generate a wide array of conceptually grounded and highly practical insights and guidance on how India can begin to address urban challenges in the context of climate change.</p><p>The workshop identified temperature, intense rainfall and the fact that India&rsquo;s increasing dependence on global markets to meet its food needs and the implications on global climate conditions for food production in distant regions as major factors that will also have greater and greater implications for the needs of urban populations.</p><p>While stressing that getting the process of urbanisation right is critical, the paper provides tangible guidance on courses of action for responding to three major challenges; climate change, urbanisation and poverty through their linkages. It states that many &ldquo;ten per cent&rdquo; solutions from major changes in policy and infrastructure design to local community action are required in order to transform development pathways toward resilience. Perhaps the biggest challenge is to start the initial steps of building knowledge, capacity and gain experience.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:04:17 GMT

Urban vulnerability and risk – a key factor for building climate resilient urban development in Indian cities

<p>India is witnessing rapid growth in the urban centers. Urbanization trend is expected to accelerate in coming decades as well. It is projected that the number of cities with a population of more than 1 million will reach to 75 by 2021 from 53 in 2011. Due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards.</p><p>This paper examines urban vulnerability and risk to climate change and how this can assist in ensuring climate resilient urban development. Other key messages of the paper are:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards. Indian cities are facing additional risk due to climate induced extreme events such as floods, droughts, heat and cold waves.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; An increasing concentration of population coupled with extreme events, results in high damages to assets, interruptions in business continuity opportunity losses, loss of lives, displacement of populations, which is further enhanced by economic and social vulnerability.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; An observation that similar climate events can produce very different levels of socio-economic impacts, depending not only on the location and timing of the occurrence, but also the resources and agility of the societies to respond to climate impacts.</p><p>This poses enormous challenge for decision makers at city level and other urban climate resilience practitioners to select a suitable methodology for assessment of hazard risks, vulnerability &amp; capacity assessment and risk analysis of cities to develop &ldquo;City Level Climate Action Plan&rdquo; in a given scenario. India has more than 400 cities in 2011 and climate informed development is needed because urbanization in India is accelerating and cities need to be sustainable and resilient. The paper concludes with the following recommendations:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR):</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Rejuvenation of water bodies:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Climate conscious development and spatial planning:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Prioritize a climate resilient agenda:.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sustainable urban development indicators:.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Enhance institutional and policy coordination at the city level:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Resource allocation:</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:42:32 GMT

Vulnerability profiling of cities: a framework for climate-resilient urban development in India

<p>India&rsquo;s total population is growing, and is becoming increasingly urban. The urban population has increased from 17.97 percent in 1961 to 31.16 percent in 2011. Increasing urbanization has led to the expansion of populations into areas which are exposed to hazards related to climatic events, with a resulting increase in vulnerability of local populations.</p><p>This working paper presents a holistic approach for how a city can customise its rapid vulnerability assessment in order to understand what is required for building climate resilience. The paper uses Hazard Exposure, Infrastructure, Governance, Socio-economic Variables, HIGS to highlight the potential impact of climate change on urban services arising from the geographical setting of a city; the nature, size and density of its settlements; and the existing coping capacity of its society and governance system.</p><p>Vulnerability to climate change is aggravated by growing urban populations, high urban poverty and backlogs in the provision of basic infrastructure and services. Currently, a structured approach and the use of datasets to understand the distribution of vulnerability to climate change impacts across India are lacking. The framework proposed here provides a systematic approach to preparing vulnerability profiles in cities, by creating datasets, which enable an initial analysis of vulnerability. It considers the sensitivity and exposure of the cities as well as the need for integration of climate-resilience considerations in urban planning.</p><p>The framework is positioned as a rapid assessment methodology and consists of gathering relevant data in each category in order to identify key vulnerabilities and their linkages with natural causes, sustainable practices and the capacities of the concerned authorities.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that the framework has been tested on twenty Indian cities that have diverse physiographic and demographic characteristics and demonstrates its viability by two city case studies, each representing different physiographic characteristics, hazard exposures and population sizes.</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:35:24 GMT

Conceptual and operational problems for Loss and Damage

<p>This paper aims specifically at addressing concerns implicit to loss and damage (L&amp;D) policy as articulated by the most vulnerable countries. The paper aims to clarify the meaning of the policy paradigm of L&amp;D, to warn of possible misinterpretations, and to raise conceptual and practical concerns. It also highlights L&amp;D&rsquo;s potential importance.</p><p>It begins by tracing the development of the concept, its use in risk-transfer contexts, and its use and definition in the UNFCCC. The paper then lays out some of the general challenges of the L&amp;D approach, as applied by the insurance industry, disaster responders, and development institutions. Following this, the paper outlines important operational and conceptual challenges to applying the concept to the specific question of climate change impacts. The paper concludes with some general guidelines to policy makers for crafting L&amp;D into a workable policy.</p><p>The paper concludes that L&amp;D policy does not risk reintroducing a discarded paradigm, but rather it attempts to introduce the model that has served to safeguard highly industrialised economies and societies from environmental harm. It raises questions about what is not considered in this western paradigm for risk management if adopted more widely across the vulnerable developing world in the specific instance of climate change impacts.</p><p>The paper argues that L&amp;D suffers a core challenge of adaptation policy, which emphasises maintaining the same conditions in the face of climate change. Currently, adaptation policy and the external resources made available are channeled through human institutions with specific political economies that have differential benefit for asset- and land-holding tiers of society (Adger et al. 2005). However, for the lower rungs of the social strata that slip into landlessness and impoverishment, adaptation is autonomous, undertaken with a diminishing set of resources, with external inputs for adaptation beyond reach (Agrawal 2010).</p><p>The authors conclude that more transformative approaches ought to be considered, which prioritise the most impoverished, marginalised and disenfranchised peoples &ndash;those most vulnerable to climate change (as well as global social, economic and environmental change in general).</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:30:18 GMT

Perspectives on Non-Economic Loss and Damage: Understanding values at risk from climate change

<p>This paper highlights that non-economic losses pose challenges for measurement and therefore may go unnoticed or unaddressed by policy. It argues that discussions about loss and damage are really a discussion about value. It identifies three kinds of value: use value (measured relatively well by economic means), indirect use value (which sustains societal functions but which are not necessarily valued in economic terms), and symbolic value (which help forge identity and cooperative problem solving, but which similarly is not measured in monetary terms). Non-economic losses are those material goods and immaterial services which are lost through both direct and indirect climate change pathways.</p><p>The paper argues that representing non-economic loss and damage is critically important, but hard to do for several reasons: Markets do not value public goods essential for the function of human-natural systems (e.g. like ecosystem services). Markets tend to ignore symbolic values needed to forge identity and cooperative problem solving, and markets fail to value knowledge systems needed for creating value. Thus, formal accounts of loss and damage (or economic loss and damage) tend to undervalue the real costs of climate change.</p><p>As an alternative, this paper suggests that the focus of loss and damage should be on the role goods and services play in making societies resilient to stressors like climate change. In order to account for value in societies with different ways of thinking, modes and relations of production require different ways of understanding value.&nbsp;<br />When values are understood in ways that can capture these resilience-building roles, policy and practice will better be able to address loss and damage. Experience has shown that efforts to replace losses &quot;only&quot; via monetary compensation has not worked well. Instead, policy and practice on loss and damage must capture the opportunity for a more fundamental transformation. Any framework for loss and damage must aim not merely at compensating previous living conditions, but at improving them. The paper concludes with at least four areas for consideration by policy and practice: ensuring a broader view that values functions that are the source of resilience and problem solving (cultural practices, identity, traditional systems of knowledge); encouraging social participation as a principle in adaptation and addressing loss and damage; nurturing social capital to respond to non-economic loss and damage; and, finally, capturing the opportunity for transformation in the way loss and damage is assessed and addressed.</p><p>[taken from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:18:37 GMT

Antigua and Barbuda’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Report constitutes the Initial National Communications in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) in decision 10/CP2, and as required under Articles 4 and 12 of the UNFCCC.</p><p>The report constitutes one output of the programme of Enabling Activities implemented by the Government of Antigua and Barbuda through the Office of the Prime Minister. This forms a part of project ANT/97/GC2/99 financed by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and implemented in conjunction with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).</p><p>In addition to its role in fulfilling Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s obligations under the UNFCCC the National Communications document is also intended as an information source to national stakeholders and other persons at regional and international levels interested in information pertaining to Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s fulfillment of its obligations under the UNFCCC.</p>

04 Mar 2015 14:07:37 GMT

First National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>In accordance with the Convention, Belize chose the year 1994 for its first National Inventory of Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases. The results of the Inventory reveal that Belize is a net sink for greenhouse gases. Yet, it is obvious that Belize is extremely vulnerable to adverse impacts of climate change.</p><p>A recurrent theme which arose during the preparation of this First National Communication was the need to sensitise the general public and decision makers, especially the political directorate, on the potential impact of climate change on the country and on the opportunities being offered by the mechanisms of the Convention to address climate change.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:57:03 GMT

Second National Communication of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago: Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago focuses on the compilation and analysis of the National Inventory of greenhouse gases (GHGs), vulnerability and adaptation studies, mitigation options as well as on recommendations with respect to proper data collection and sharing, technology needs, capacity building, research and development constraints and challenges.</p><p>The Initial National Communication of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was prepared and published in 2001. Under Article 4 of the UNFCCC, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is required to publish, update periodically and make available to the Conference of Parties (COP) its National Inventory of GHGs and its national programmes to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Taking into account climate change scenarios, it is also expected that relevant future socioeconomic and environmental policies and actions would be developed and implemented.</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:52:35 GMT

Trinidad & Tobago Initial National Communication

<p>This initial national communication of Trinidad and Tobago to the UNFCCC secretariat includes: national circumstances, national greenhouse gas inventory, statements on vulnerability and adaptation strategies, technology needs, and capacity building and research.</p><p>The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a two-island state located at the southern-eastern end of the Caribbean archipelago (Figure 1.1). Trinidad and Tobago, classified as a non-Annex I country, signed the UNFCCC on the 11th June, 1992 and ratified the Convention on 24th June, 1994.</p>

04 Mar 2015 11:40:04 GMT

Antigua and Barbuda's Second National Communications on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication reflects the state of the climate change situation impacting Antigua and Barbuda at the time of its publication and its projected impact in the future.&nbsp;&nbsp;It also details the impact climate change will have on climate dependent and climate sensitive economic sectors. This report also details the implementation of Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s obligations under the UNFCC, including development of relevant climate change data base, implementation of monitoring programmes, research programmes and economic instruments and policies as well as development of an inventory of GHG. This Second National communication was based on not only national programmes but also on international and regional research work.</p><p>Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s survival depends on its natural resources and climatic condition. Without appropriate adaptation, climate change could have an extremely harmful impact on the sustainability of the development process with the coastal zone being most vulnerable.</p>

04 Mar 2015 09:29:10 GMT

An 'India exception' and India-US partnership on climate change

<p>Climate change has become the major global challenge of this young century. For years, the search for solutions has run up against a sharp North-South divide over the historical emissions of developed countries and the parameters of what is termed, in the climate world, &ldquo;common but differentiated responsibility&rdquo; for developing nations. A common appreciation of climate and economic equity between disparate countries and regions remains both critical and challenging for the global climate negotiations process if it is to culminate in a major deal in Paris in 2015, and for implementation beyond that date. This paper believe that the only way to remove this roadblock is to forge an &ldquo;India exception&rdquo; in global climate talks; doing so is the only realistic pathway to a global climate deal, and could be a key tool in cementing stronger ties between India and the US, two critical actors in the evolving international order.</p><p>The paper concludes that if the United States partners with India in navigating towards more efficient industrialisation and supports an &ldquo;India exception&rdquo; in global climate talks (not using climate negotiations to pull up the carbon ladder behind it but using bilateral ties and the Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate Change to offer to help build a clean energy ladder for India) it could be the kind of investment that cements ties between these two countries. From the perspective of a stable international order, it would be a big deal; from the perspective of global climate talks, it is the only realistic pathway forward.</p>

03 Mar 2015 23:03:17 GMT

Second National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>Although Belize is a minute contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions, it will be among those countries which will be severely impacted by Climate Change. These impacts pose major impediments to Belize&rsquo;s efforts to promote sustainable economic and social development and the reduction of poverty.</p><p>The result of the greenhouse gas inventory indicates sectors in which the emissions can be voluntarily reduced. The vulnerability assessments served to advise how and where it is needed to adapt to Climate Change. Mitigation measures have already undertaken within the energy sector with the transition from fossil fuels to the use of renewable energy for electrical power generation. For the first time, a technology needs assessment exercise was conducted which served to identify technologies required to effectively manage Climate Change. The preparation of the Second National Communication therefore provided opportunities to mainstream results into plans and strategies for sustainable development.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 16:41:19 GMT

Assessment of the socioeconomic and environmental impact of hurricane Ivan on Jamaica | Publication | Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

<p>The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) made this assessment at the request of the Government of Jamaica in close cooperation with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and with the assistance of the Planning Institute of Jamaica. Several agencies of the United Nations contributed information for this assessment, namely FAO and PAHO. This report was provided to the Ministry of Finance of Jamaica for its reconstruction planning strategy and to contribute to identifying the financial needs and implication for the country.</p><p>The Jamaica situation after hurricane Ivan points to an event that while being geographically limited in scope affected in different ways to whole of the country. The event&rsquo;s direct damage and indirect losses amount to 8% of the country&rsquo;s current GDP in 2003 (almost 36,000 million Jamaican dollars or 580 million of US dollars).&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 15:58:27 GMT

Assessment of the socio-economic and environmental impact of tropical storm Gustav on Jamaica

<p>This report was prepared to document impact on affected population; estimate costs of damage and losses; identify geographically affected areas; and identify the financial priorities for rehabilitation and reconstruction.</p><p>As at September 19, 2008 the preliminary estimate of the damage and losses incurred by the Jamaican economy due to the passage of Tropical Storm Gustav between August 28 and 29, 2008 was $15.51 billion (US$213.99 million)1 , 2 per cent of nominal Gross Domestic Product in 2007.&nbsp;</p><p>There was evidence that the country has continued to improve its handling of hazard events. However, the experiences of Tropical Storm Gustav showed that the already fragile ecosystems provided little resilience to the above normal rainfall intensity experienced during the storm.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

03 Mar 2015 15:21:11 GMT

Community-based Monitoring, Reporting and Verification Know-How: Sharing knowledge from practices

<p>Community-based monitoring, reporting and verification (CMRV), is the involvement of local people in the monitoring, reporting and verification of carbon stocks and other forest data. This approach to forest monitoring can potentially provide cost-effective and locally collected biomass data, promote equality in benefit sharing, and maximize the social and environmental co-benefits of work around reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation, known as REDD+.<br />&nbsp;<br />In August 2014, participants from more than a dozen countries came together for a workshop in Guyana to share and test tools, approaches, and lessons learned on this work. The workshop was organized by Naikoa Aguilar-Amuchastegui, MRV Coordinator for the WWF Forest and Climate Programme, along with collaborators at WWF Guianas, the Global Canopy Programme, and the U.S. Geological Survey SilvaCarbon Program.<br />This report highlights the impacts, challenges, lessons learned and trends that emerged from this workshop, and serves as a resource for others focused on similar efforts.</p><p>WWF gratefully acknowledges the support of the Government of Norway through a grant administered by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad).</p>

02 Mar 2015 15:33:08 GMT

Issues in captive coal block development in India

<p>Given the high global demand for and the ever-rising price of oil and the abundance of comparatively inexpensive coal in their own region, India and China have long been heavily dependent on it as a source of energy to meet the needs of their people, as also for national growth. China has the third largest and India the fourth largest coal reserves in the world. The importance of the coal sector to India&#39;s energy security cannot be underestimated.</p><p>Much concern has been expressed across the world over the resultant extent of CO2 emissions admittedly high, in these two countries. Given the scale of their energy demand even to meet their very basic needs, it would be vain to hope that reduction of greenhouse gas emissions can be achieved through the increased use of renewable energy sources</p>

02 Mar 2015 11:58:55 GMT

Challenges in solar power development in India

<p>Despite the fact that India has 300 days of sunlight annually on average, solar power plays an almost insignificant role in the Indian energy mix. What many fail to see is the technological, financial, institutional and structural complexity that needs to be mastered to harness this seemingly simple and environmentally benign source of energy as the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM or NSM) launched by the government of India in 2010 clearly demonstrates. At the industry level, the NSM has given the initial boost the industry requires but many key issues concerning data, technology and finance need to be addressed. At the broader strategic level, it is not clear what objectives India seeks to achieve in committing to invest a significant sum of its scarce resources in the solar sector.</p><p>The NSM states that it aims to &#39;scale up&rdquo; deployment of solar energy keeping in mind the financial constraints and affordability challenge in a country where large numbers of people do not have access to basic power and are unable to pay for high cost solutions. What remains missing in the statement are the strategic goals such as the development of a globally competitive solar man ufacturing industry or the provision of decentralised energy services to the poor who cannot afford to pay for high cost energy. For the NSM to have a clear direction, these objectives must be clarified at this early stage of the mission.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Mar 2015 11:51:21 GMT

An introduction to greater Mekong subregional cooperation

<p>Mekong region, one of the most important economic and strategic gateways in the region, has become the focus of cooperation, integration, and development in the context of Southeast Asian and East Asian regionalism. Greater Mekong Subregional development is a precondition towards Southeast Asian and East Asian community construction through the reduction of development gap between the Mekong riparian countries and other more developed countries in the region. There are still many challenges for Mekong countries to develop and fully integrate into regional economic system due to the lack of infrastructure, human and institutional capacity to deal with economic and environmental issues.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The rapid development of the Mekong River, particularly a series of damps construction, plus climate change have put the river in danger if there are no functional and effective institutions to direct the development projects in a proper and sustainable way. In such circumstance, Mekong region has attracted attention and support from different countries and donor community. This paper aims to provide a background and analysis of the regional cooperation and integration in the Greater Mekong Suregion within the context of ASEAN community building.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Through institutional improvement especially the Mekong River Commission and Greater Mekong Subregion Project, the region can better cope with challenges. The future of Mekong Subregion lies on the cooperation among the key actors and the strengthening of the regional institution. The nine priorities adopted in the joint statement by the Mekong leaders in April 2010 are;</span></p><ul><li>adopting and implementing the IWRM-based Basin Development Strategy;</li><li>intensifying efforts to effectively manage the risks from flood, drought and sea level rise including establishment of forecasting and warning systems across the whole basin;</li><li>facilitating an international legal framework that encourages river navigation and trade;</li><li>researching and addressing the threat to livelihoods posed by climate change and cooperating with other regional partners in addressing haze pollution;</li><li>monitoring and taking measures to improve water quality in priority areas of the Basin;</li><li>sustaining the existing and future uses of water and related resources, and aquatic biodiversity, wetlands and forests in the Basin;</li><li>identifying and advising on the opportunities and challenges of hydropower and other infrastructure development in the Basin;</li><li>continuing to improve the implementation of the Procedures for Data and Information Exchange and Sharing;</li><li>exploring and identifying opportunities for expansion of cooperation to address common water resources and climate change challenges, as well as identifying new Development Partners and other stakeholders.&nbsp;</li></ul>

28 Feb 2015 00:04:24 GMT

Climatescope 2013: new frontiers for low-carbon energy investment in Latin America and the Caribbean

<p>Latin America and the Caribbean should be a natural home for clean energy investment. The region is blessed with exceptional natural resources, ready to be harnessed by photovoltaic, wind, geothermal and other clean energy technologies. Many of the region&rsquo;s nations have seen strong economic growth over the past five years and are projected to continue to grow at 3+% over the next at least two years. Most also have energy security concerns and a strong desire to become more energy self-sufficient.</p><p>Climatescope is a comprehensive index and report assessing the environment for low-carbon investment in Latin America and the Caribbean. This second edition identifies new frontiers, in both countries and sectors, for low-carbon investment, clean energy capacity build-up and carbon offset project development in the region. Climatescope profiles 26 countries in the region, evaluates their ability and potential to attract capital for low-carbon energy sources, and ranks them based on what has been achieved to date. All of the countries profiled are borrowing members of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).</p>

26 Feb 2015 15:12:57 GMT

A new era in the fight against deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: opportunities to improve policy effectiveness

<p>The deforestation slowdown in the Amazon is one of the most important environmental success stories of recent decades, with an 83% decrease in the annual rate of deforestation from 2004 to 2012. This accomplishment has enabled Brazil to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by more than a third, while also preserving biodiversity and maintaining other vital ecosystem services. Brazil achieved this dramatic reduction, in part, through ambitious government efforts to create new conservation areas and strengthen deforestation monitoring and enforcement.</p><p>Yet annual deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon stabilised after 2009 and started to rise once more in 2013. While deforestation levels are still far lower than they were at their peak in 2004, when an area almost the size of Belgium was cleared in a single year, it is clear that Brazil&rsquo;s deforestation policies are reaching the limits of their effectiveness. This policy brief examines some of the reasons for this shift and suggests new strategies for decision-makers&rsquo; consideration.</p><p>Findings highlight that the fight against de-forestation in the Amazon is entering a new phase. Without decisive action, Brazil could see deforestation rates continue to remain stable or rise again, as recent data suggest may already be happening.</p>

26 Feb 2015 14:25:22 GMT

Providing collateral and improving product market access for smallholder farmers: a randomised evaluation of inventory credit in Sierra Leone

<p>Inter-seasonal fluctuation of agricultural prices is widespread throughout the developing world. Prices decrease during the harvest season due to the availability of large quantities of crop, while the prices increase in the lean season. However, small farmers are often unable to benefit from the price increase owing to credit constraints for meeting their immediate cash needs and the lack of storage facilities. They are thus forced to sell at low prices and are unable to make a profit.</p><p>Community inventory credit aims to help small farmers to cope with seasonal volatilities by providing liquidity for short-term needs. The Sierra Leone National Program Coordinating Unit (NPCU) at the Ministry of Agriculture implemented a palm oil inventory credit and market support scheme in collaboration with several rural and agricultural banks (RABs) in 40 communities with a view to scaling it up in the future.</p><p>The study evaluates the impact of two interventions designed to help farmers to take advantage of price variations over the course of the year:</p><p>The first intervention was storage support which involved the provision of community storage rehabilitation, extra palm oil containers and marketing support to target communities. This intervention was aimed at reducing the risk of theft or physical loss; it removed the cost barrier of purchasing storage containers; and it used marketing support to reassure farmers they could sell their product later on in the year.</p><p>The second intervention, inventory credit, involved the disbursement of loans. This allowed farmers to use the oil stored in the community storage as collateral for the loans. This intervention is aimed at helping farmers overcome the liquidity constraint which may force them to sell their product early in the year despite lower prices.</p><p>RABs were to help farmers identify community storage facilities and offer individual loans worth 75 per cent of their product&rsquo;s harvest-time value.</p><p>The product was randomly allocated to 120 communities in over two districts. The communities were divided into three groups; the first treatment group was offered the complete product; the second treatment group was given palm oil containers and storage spaces, but not credit for storage; the third group was the control group.</p>

26 Feb 2015 10:44:28 GMT

Regional impact of the climate change: a CGE analysis for Turkey

<p>The effects of climate change on the overall economy necessitate taking into account backward and forward linkages of agriculture; however, the number of studies that relate climate change to agricultural production in Turkey through a sector or economy wide model is limited. The main research question of this study is quantifying the effects of climate change on agricultural sector and regional economy by taking into account the interregional interactions and dynamics of the adjustment to the new equilibrium under well-established climate scenarios for Turkey.</p><p>The document indicates that for Turkey, a climate change strikes the economy by drastically changing the production and hence prices of commodities. As a result, agriculture and food production is severely affected by the shock and prices of these commodities increase sharply. Correspondingly, the trade balance of the country worsens, and the need for agricultural and food imports become more severe and this in turn is likely to create concerns about food security.</p><p>Given these points, the authors develop an enhanced CGE (computable general equilibrium) model, utilising various data sources to regionalise the 2008 national statistics under several assumptions. The results support the fact that climate change mitigation should be considered as an integrated issue that would cause complicated results. Hence, any climate change mitigation policy needs to be region specific but should also consider the interaction among the regions.</p>

26 Feb 2015 09:44:03 GMT

Salinity-induced loss and damage to farming households in coastal Bangladesh

<p>Salinity intrusion in soil caused by climate-induced hazards, especially cyclones and sea level rise, is adversely affecting rice production - a key staple food - in coastal Bangladesh. The southwest coastal district of Satkhira is one of the most vulnerable areas because of its high exposure to salinity intrusion and widespread poverty. This paper, published in the International Journal of Global Warming, explores how salinity intrusion affects rice production in the district, and whether existing coping and adaptation measures are sufficient to address the issue. The paper is composed of four sections: a very brief overview of the major climate change events affecting coastal Bangladesh, the concept of loss and damage, and a short description of the case study area; a description of the tools and techniques used to collect field data, including a survey of 360 farming households in four villages, focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and community consultations; discussion on the salinity levels in the soil and its associated impacts, current adaptation practices, an estimation of loss and damage in the study villages, and potential adaptation measures; and finally concluding remarks. This research demonstrates that salinity levels in the soil have increased sharply over the last 20 years, with respondents claiming rapidly increasing salinity within the last five years in particular. Meanwhile, the proportion of salinity-free farmland has gone down over the past two decades, from more than 60% to nil, severely impacting agricultural productivity. This has resulted in food crisis in the villages; a majority (63%) of the study households were found to be facing a food crisis at some time of the year. The introduction of saline-tolerant rice cultivars has been the most important adaptation measure being practised, while other adaptation measures include washing rice fields periodically to reduce salinity, and non-farming measures such as financial loans and migrating to find alternative incomes. However, these adaptation measures have not been enough to deal with the sudden increase in salinity after cyclone Aila in 2009, a year in which the study areas lost their entire potential yield of aman rice production. The paper concludes that a future cyclone with a higher level of storm surge could cause saline intrusion further into the landmass, thus threatening the whole coastal region and its 33 million people (though disproportionately impacting the very poorest). Low-lying agricultural land needs to be securely protected, and innovative and context specific practices, including climate-resilient rice cultivation, must be researched and implemented. [adapted from source]</p>

25 Feb 2015 13:55:42 GMT

The costs of adaptation in Punakha, Bhutan: Loss and damage associated with changing monsoon patterns

<p>Report examining the coping and adaptation measures used in Bhutan to address changing monsoon patterns and the risk of glacial lake outburst floods.</p><p>In both scholarly debates and policy circles it is increasingly acknowledged that there are limits to adaptation and coping, meaning that it is particularly important to pay attention to those cases where adaptation and coping measures are not successful. This requires producing empirical data at the household level in order to inform decision-making to address loss and damage for the most vulnerable people in the world. To this end, the Institute for Conservation and Environment conducted a case study in Punakha district, Bhutan, to explore how people are adapting to slow-onset changes in water availability due to changing monsoon patterns, their coping strategies after extreme events, and the residual loss and damage. The study, part of the Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Countries Initiative, used a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, including a household survey of 273 households and a wide range of in-depth individual and group interviews. Four research domains formed the focus of the work: climate threats, principally the changing rainfall patterns and the risk of glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs); societal impacts from variable water availability for agriculture and the latest large GLOF in 1994; responses in terms of coping and adapting to these threats; and loss and damage resulting from these climate. The report discusses a number of important aspects with regard to the context of the study area and the coping and adaptation strategies employed, including diversification of livelihoods, crop trends, remittances, food security, and poverty levels. Loss and damage from changing monsoon patterns is examined, as well as coping and adaptive measures including the use of rituals, water-sharing arrangements, and maintenance of irrigation channels. The report concludes that small-scale farmers in the Punakha district experience difficulties in accessing sufficient irrigation water to cultivate their paddy fields, and that while they have been adopting a variety of measures to deal with this, the measures are considered insufficient and have their own costs (only 13% of respondents deemed their adaptive measures sufficient). The authors argue that these costs should not only be conceived in monetary terms, but also in terms of time, social-cohesion and livelihood security, and that in contrast with extreme events such as floods, gradual changes in water availability are an easily overlooked area for interventions. Efforts are needed to secure access to water by small-scale farmers, for example by investing in research and development of collective and private water services, like water-storages, water pumps and irrigation systems. [adapted from source]</p>

25 Feb 2015 13:51:33 GMT

Coping measures not enough to avoid loss and damage from drought in the North Bank Region of The Gambia

<p>Paper examining the impact of the 2011 drought in Gambia, including coping and adaptation measures used and residual loss and damage.</p><p>In 2011, the North Bank Region of The Gambia experienced its most severe drought in 20 years and although communities adopted coping measures to deal with drought impacts, they were not effective in averting adverse effects. This paper, published in the international Journal for Global Warming, looks at how this drought affected households in the region, the coping measures they adopted, and residual loss and damage that the population nevertheless suffered. The case study is part of a bigger project, the Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Countries Initiative funded by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network. Thirty villages were randomly chosen for study from each of the six districts in the region (roughly 2% of households), with data collected through a questionnaire survey including 373 households, 60 focus group discussions, and six expert interviews. The households studied were highly sensitive to drought because their livelihoods were based on crop cultivation (99.7%) and livestock keeping (98.4%). The results showed that almost all respondents reported that the 2011 drought had affected their household, particularly through crop failure, livestock losses and high food prices. Most respondents qualified the adverse impacts of the drought as ‘severe’ (78.7%) or ‘moderate’ (21%), while the most widely adopted coping strategy was to seek alternative income when crops failed. More than half of households sold assets, particularly livestock, to buy food, while others relied on food aid (48%) or social networks (47%); all of these proving to be crucial coping strategies. Other methods used included reducing expenditures and modifying food consumption patterns. However, for almost two thirds of the households, these measures were not sufficient to avoid loss and damage, or else had adverse effects. The paper finishes with the following recommendations: <ul><li>More irrigation agriculture could help farmers in the region become less dependent on rainfall, and a more diverse crop mix could reduce the risk of crop failure. </li><li>While measures aimed at preventing crop failures are useful, more should be done to prevent loss and damage in the event that crops fail, e.g. promoting the non-farm sector in rural areas through skills development and better marketing of local goods. </li><li>Public broadcasting should be used to help the important task of raising awareness and knowledge of climate variability, and the implications for livelihoods. </li></ul></p>

25 Feb 2015 13:44:20 GMT

An assessment of the economic impact of climate change on the agriculture sector in Jamaica

<p>Despite its post-war decline in GDP contribution, agriculture continues be a major force in Jamaica. With a little less than half of the population living in rural communities, agricultural activities, and their linkages with other economic activities, continue to play an important role as a source of livelihoods, and by extension, the economic development of the country.</p><p>Sugar cane cultivation has dominated the agricultural export sector for centuries as the source of the raw materials for the manufacture of sugar for export. Production for the domestic market has long been the larger subsector, organized around the production of root crops, especially yams, vegetables and condiments.</p><p>To analyse the potential impact of climate change on the agricultural sector, this study selected three important crops for detailed examination: sugar cane, yam and scallion. The analysis suggested replanting sugar cane with heat resistant varieties, rehabilitating irrigation systems where they existed, and establishing technologically appropriate irrigation systems where they were not for the three selected crops.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Feb 2015 11:23:22 GMT

Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact of Hurricane Wilma on Jamaica

<p>Hurricane Wilma of 2005 has gone down in the record books as the most intense hurricane to have developed in any Atlantic Hurricane Season, having generated sustained wind speeds of 280 km/h. &nbsp;The main impacts of on the environment were landslides, excessive flooding, significant siltation of water ways and consequently, the coastal zone, nutrient and solid waste pollution and massive beach erosion in several sections of the island. Hurricane Wilma caused direct damage to the Agriculture and the Transport, Storage &amp; Telecommunications sectors estimated at approximately $248.8 million, mainly in agriculture. A total of 106 communities island-wide were affected by Hurricane Wilma. There was one direct fatality and two boys drowned, which was indirectly linked. Widespread flooding and landslides associated with Hurricane Wilma resulted in damage to the housing sector and, as at October 24, the total estimate of loss and damage to the health sector resulting from Hurricane Wilma amounted to $45.2 million.</p>

25 Feb 2015 11:04:13 GMT

Assessment of the Socio-Economic and Environmental Impact of Hurricanes Dennis and Emily on Jamaica

<p>This report was prepared following the passage of Hurricanes Dennis and Emily and builds on preliminary estimates. Assessment of the impacts of both hurricanes in Jamaica was combined due to the short period between the occurrences of the two events. The report is divided into 6 sections. Section I provides a description of the meteorological conditions associated with the two events and communities and population affected. Sections II-V analyse the social sectors &ndash; health, education and housing; the productive sectors - agriculture, mining, tourism and manufacturing; infrastructure &ndash; water supply/sanitation, transport/road/bridges, telecommunications, and airports; and the environmental impact respectively. Section VI provides a summary of the cost of damage and losses; and an analysis of the macroeconomic impact of the hurricanes.</p>

25 Feb 2015 10:40:03 GMT

Case study: Jamaica - Impact of climate change on Jamaican hotel industry supply chains and on farmer’s livelihoods

<p>This document reports on the results of a consultancy conducted for Oxfam GB in Jamaica to systematically address the challenge of climate change regarding farmers&rsquo; livelihoods and supply chains.</p><p>The study found temperature increases by about 1.1 &ordm;C by 2030 and 1.7 &ordm;C by 2050 and the rainfall decreases over the year and the number of cumulative dry months (draught period) keeps constant in three months. It also found that the vulnerability of small farmers is very high and that is an area facing a geographical shift of some crops to higher altitudes. A high threat of extreme weather events were found, as well as farmers dependent on intermediaries and a low human, social &amp; financial capital of many farmers.</p>

25 Feb 2015 10:34:30 GMT

Socio-economic and Environmental Disaster Impact Assessment Handbook for Jamaica: A quick guide to undertaking an assessment using the DaLA methodology following an extreme event in Jamaica

<p>The Handbook is intended for practitioners who are experts in their own fields and who are brought together to conduct assessments of extreme events. It aims to harness knowledge around assessment of extreme events in Jamaica to strengthen not only the capacity of the Planning Institute of Jamaica (PIOJ) resulting in an improved reporting process, but will also increase PIOJ&rsquo;s capacity to share this knowledge in an organised and easy manner with others. It aims to serve as a quick guide to the use of the DaLA methodology by stakeholders in the social, economic and environment sectors of Jamaica. The end result will be better informed decisions regarding the allocation of resources for Jamaica&rsquo;s disaster risk reduction programme. The basic concepts underpinning the methodology are easily explained, and instructions for undertaking the assessment are provided through step by step procedures, quick guides, examples, illustrations and charts. The Handbook also provides some guidance on how to prepare the final report.</p>

25 Feb 2015 10:23:53 GMT

Disaster Risk Reduction and Vulnerable Populations in Jamaica Protecting Children Within the Comprehensive Disaster Management (CDM) Framework

<p>This paper examines the efforts of Jamaica&rsquo;s risk reduction programme, through the Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management (ODPEM), to address the special needs of children in disaster situations, with a focus on what has been done in meeting these needs and how effective these interventions have been. Children make up approximately half of the total Jamaican population. This makes it very necessary for disaster management to focus on the needs of this very vulnerable group.</p>

25 Feb 2015 10:15:19 GMT

Methodology: Adaptation by agricultural communities to climate change through participatory & supply chain inclusive management

<p>The aim of the project is to systematically address the challenge of climate change regarding farmers&rsquo; livelihoods and supply chains. &nbsp;This study intends to develop a methodology that enhances our understanding of vulnerabilities of supply chains from a bottom-up perspective to enable stakeholders to use the chain inherent capacity to adapt to progressive climate change.</p><p>This methodology report will describe the methodologies that were used throughout the research process to assess farmers&rsquo; vulnerability to climate change and develop supply chain and site-specific adaptation strategies and to develop a simple, useful and robust adaptation framework. The framework will facilitate a planned and purposeful adaptation process. This methodology report describes the process of identifying vulnerabilities of food supply chains, the development of adaptation options and their translation into concrete adaptation actions.</p>

25 Feb 2015 10:04:49 GMT

Review of Current and Planned Adaptation Action: The Caribbean - Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, and Trinidad & Tobago

<p>A review of adaptation action in the Caribbean was undertaken by the Adaptation Partnership between October 2010 and April 2011. Covering the countries of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago, the rapid review examined: priority adaptation needs; efforts by governments to support adaptation though policy and planning; the scope of international support for adaptation efforts in different countries and sectors; and potential gaps in adaptation efforts at the country and regional level. This review of adaptation action in the Caribbean is one of 12 profiles covering regions in Africa, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean completed by the Adaptation Partnership.</p>

25 Feb 2015 09:57:02 GMT

Adaptation Framework: Adaptation of Food Supply Chains to the Impacts of Progressively Changing Climate

<p>This report presents a framework for supply chain-inclusive adaptation to climate change impacts on agriculture. The objective of the concepts introduced here is to help build climate-proof agricultural production systems and to reduce small farmer&rsquo;s susceptibility to the adverse affects of global climate change (GCC) by lifting adaptation strategies to the supply chain level. The framework consists of three complementary key areas of focus as necessary pillars to underpin the achievement of these objectives. The frameworks&rsquo; components are: Supply chain analysis, vulnerability assessment and evaluation of behavioral patterns.</p>

25 Feb 2015 09:50:00 GMT

Are preventive and coping measures enough to avoid loss and damage from flooding in Udayapur district, Nepal?

<p>Results from a case study in Nepal on climate change related coping and adaptation strategies, and residual loss and damage mitigation.</p><p>Although the world’s ‘least developed’ countries have contributed little to global warming, they are bearing some of the heaviest impacts of anthropogenic climate change. With climate models suggesting worse is yet to come, it is crucial that we better our understanding of the risks and the adequacy (or otherwise) of coping and adaptation approaches to help ensure we minimise loss and damage. To this end, this case study published in the International Journal of Global Warming examines household vulnerability and responses in relation to flooding in Udayapur district, Nepal. It describes how communities in this region deal with flooding, and asks to what extent their preventive, coping, and adaptation measures have been successful in avoiding loss and damage. The case study is part of a multi-country research project funded by the Climate Development Knowledge Network. Researchers undertook 300 household surveys together with open interviews and focus group discussions, collecting data on local perceptions of climatic and weather changes, flood impacts, household vulnerability, local measures to adapt to changes, and residual losses and damages in spite of these adaptive measures. On this last point, the authors highlight that respondents had opportunities to present losses in ways other than in material or economic terms. The research revealed a wide range of strategies that families adopt in relation to flooding. In situ measures – such as the construction of sand embankments, stonewalls, and bamboo fences – are frequently used to control floods and prevent impacts. The most common coping strategies in the Udayapur district are out-migration for labour, and reliance on non-food income, social networks, and external support. The results show that despite high adoption rates, for a majority of the households, preventive and adaptation measures are often not enough to avoid loss and damage. In a concluding discussion, the authors make a number of observations, including: <ul><li>Households that succeed in coping with flooding have diversified income sources; are able to maintain strong social networks; and can access to government support programmes.</li><li>After disasters, vulnerable populations are at risk of spiralling into indebtedness and poverty, and are systematically disadvantaged in access to resources.</li><li>Political imbalances determined geographically according to wealth can negate the possibility for bottom-up solutions to cross-boundary issues.</li><li>There are a number of indigenous strategies, everyday practices, and creative innovations that communities already use to respond to the anticipated or realised impacts of floods, and these should help inform policy. [adapted from source]</li></ul></p>

24 Feb 2015 17:57:32 GMT

Loss and damage from climate change: local-level evidence from nine vulnerable countries

<p>Loss and damage is already a significant consequence of inadequate ability to adapt to changes in climate patterns. This paper, published in the International Journal of Global Warming, reports on the first ever multi-country, evidence-based study on loss and damage from the perspective of affected people in least developed and other vulnerable countries. Researchers in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Kenya, Micronesia, Mozambique and Nepal conducted household surveys, as well as more than a hundred focus group discussions and open interviews about loss and damage. The research reveals four loss and damage pathways, with impacts from climate stressors occurring when: existing coping/adaptation to biophysical impact is not enough; measures have costs (including non-economic) that cannot be regained; despite short-term merits, measures have negative effects in the longer term; and when no measures are adopted or possible to implement. An important aspect of the analysis suggested by the authors is that only the fourth loss and damage pathway that was identified is related to ‘hard limits’ where no measures are possible. For the other loss and damage pathways, a more nuanced interplay between climatic stressors and their impacts on societal values can and needs to be addressed by increasing adaptive capacity, reducing exposure and vulnerability, and undertaking measures that increase the ability of affected people to adjust to the stressors they face within their social-ecological systems. The research suggests that at some scales and in some regions human societies already exist precariously between the borders of ‘safe’ and ‘unsafe’ operating spaces at the adaptation frontier, with some of the most notable current impacts concerning household food production and livelihoods. More evidence is therefore needed on how society functions in the context of barriers and limits to adaptation, and what the consequences of exceeding limits at different scales might be. Finally, some of the following gaps were identified in the literature: which climate stressors are of greatest concern to human systems; how do climate stressors affect sustainable development objectives like food and livelihood security, poverty, and health; what adaptive actions are undertaken proactively or reactively to manage these climate stressors; and what are the consequences of inadequate adaptation for actors. [adapted from source]</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:54:02 GMT

Loss and damage: from the global to the local

<p>This International Institute for Environment and Development policy brief examines the issue of loss and damage at the global, national, and local levels. It summarises recent research on loss and damage in Bangladesh and other developing countries, and what the findings suggest with regard to informing international negotiations. The brief begins by concisely tracing the history of loss and damage and adaptation within global climate negotiations: the renewed focus on adaptation following the release of the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report in 2007; the first inclusion of loss and damage in a UNFCCC text at COP13; and the establishment of the Work Programme on Loss and Damage at COP16. At COP18, parties agreed on the need for more research, including on slow onset processes, non-economic losses and damages, and how climate change impacts influence patterns of migration, displacement and human mobility. Concerning loss and damage at the national level, the brief draws on research from Bangladesh by the International Centre for Climate Change and Development. Three lesson themes are presented in the brief: the need for policy makers to fully understand the risk, requiring adequate data collection and dissemination of information; the success of risk reduction efforts comparative to risk retention efforts, and the potential for greater utilisation of micro- and subsidised- insurance; and the need to build institutions that integrate disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. Regarding the local level, the brief refers to nine case-studies from research undertaken by the UN University’s Institute for Environment and Human Security, whose main findings are highlighted, including that existing coping and adaptation strategies are often not enough to avoid loss and damage. Finally, there are four ‘policy pointers’ highlighted in the brief: At COP19 developed countries should commit to increasing mitigation efforts significantly and scaling up adaptation support to reduce loss and damage. Institutional arrangements should mobilise support and facilitate action to help developing countries assess and address loss and damage. Approaches to address both avoidable and unavoidable loss and damage at the national level should be implemented within comprehensive risk management frameworks that facilitate adaptation, provide incentives for risk reduction, enhance coping capacity and build resilience. At the local level, adaptation support needs to be scaled up, targeted to meet the needs of vulnerable people, and involve them in decision making. The limits of adaptation must be understood along with what tools are needed to reduce vulnerability and build resilience to climate change impacts.</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:49:23 GMT

Loss and damage from climate change: the cost for poor people in developing countries

<p>This paper highlights the looming financial issue of loss and damage in developing countries. It calls for increased interest and engagement on the issue from countries negotiating through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as well as climate advocates in general. The first chapter discusses the current use of loss and damage in climate policy circles, highlighting the lack of agreement over its definition, and looks at financial estimates of loss and damage in developing countries. The second chapter examines existing approaches to loss and damage in non-climate contexts. The third chapter looks at existing proposals for dealing with loss and damage, by actors outside the UNFCCC (the insurance industry) and within the UNFCCC (the Alliance of Small Island States, AOSIS). Finally, the paper makes recommendations and suggestions for a way forward for UNFCCC negotiators and climate advocates.</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:44:30 GMT

Delivering transformational change 2011-21: Implementing the CARICOM ‘Regional Framework for Achieving Development Resilient to Climate Change’ (Executive summary)

<p>This is the Executive Summary of the CARICOM Implementation Plan (IP) for the &#39;Regional Framework for Achieving Development Resilient to Climate Change&#39;.</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:19:19 GMT

Second national communication on climate change for Saint Lucia

<p>The main components of this Second National Communication are integrated vulnerability and adaptation assessments; identification of national circumstances that affect the assessments; conduct of green house inventory; mitigation exercises; and identification of challenges experienced by various sectors, and lessons learned. In undertaking this assessment, the output of the Initial National Communication prepared in 2002, was considered against the background of emerging development challenges and the impact of weather systems on key sectors of the economy. In addition, the vulnerability of key physical, social and economic sectors and the consequences of these impacts on sustainable national development weighed heavily in selecting the sectors for the assessments. These analyses, along with the wider vulnerability of Small Island Developing States, generally led to the selection of agriculture, coastal sector, critical infrastructure, disasters, financial services, forest and marine biodiversity, health, human settlements and Tourism as the sectors of interest in this assessment.</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:06:28 GMT

St. Kitts-Nevis Initial National Communication

<p>This initial national communication of St. Kitts and Nevis to the UNFCCC secretariat contains an overview of the topography, geology, climate, demographics, economy and efforts at environmental protection and preservation.</p>

24 Feb 2015 17:00:15 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

From Brazilian fields to Norwegian farms

<p>&bull; Brazil has a Federal Constitution and consolidated legislation that provide for the protection of the environment, health and welfare of workers in rural areas.<br />&bull; The large-scale agricultural export model used in Brazil, i.e. the state of Mato Grosso and particularly in the region where the soy exported to Norway is produced, has been causing severe social and environmental impacts.<br />&bull; Although Norway is a relatively small player in the global soy market, it has been a leader in the effort to fight deforestation of tropical forests and ensuring good sustainability standards throughout global production chains.<br />&bull; Denofa, through its Brazilian partner Amaggi, is responsible for most of the soybeans imported from Brazil to Norway; despite Denofa&rsquo;s good efforts to maintain best sustainability standards throughout its production chain, important challenges still remain to be addressed.<br />&bull; Openness and transparency of the entire supply chain are key elements to corporate social responsibility. Denofa possesses detailed information on suppliers and cargoes shipped from Brazil to Norway. However, the company has so far refused to disclose such information based on business sensitive reasons that are not entirely clear.<br />&bull; Denofa relies on comprehensive certification schemes managed by Amaggi to ensure the highest possible sustainability standards in the soy production chain. However, there are certain limitations related to such certificate schemes that may jeopardize the traceability vis a vis the actual situation on the ground. Lack of autonomous third-party verification and full confidentiality clauses are limitations that represent a breach in standards of transparency.<br />&bull; Interviews with local farmers during the field trip evidence that a departure from Brazilian laws and certification standards may exist in the following areas:<br />&bull; Use and spraying of pesticides close to houses and villages, which even if compliant with local regulations, represent an unacceptable risk to the health of residents and workers in the areas where the soy exported to Norway is produced.<br />&bull; Failure to comply with federal and state forest laws by suppliers;<br />&bull; Concern that Denofa may be importing soy planted inside indigenous lands, in violation of the Constitution.</p>

03 Mar 2015 17:22:21 GMT

Beyond the thumrule approach: regulatory Innovations for bioprospecting in India

<p>In the wake of the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), there is unprecedented attention on good Green Governance, which implies the development of resource efficient, rights based and effective domestic frameworks to regulate bioprospecting. India has been pioneering in this regard due to its ABS legislation in 2002 that long preceded the Nagoya Protocol. However much has changed since 2002 and while India has learnt a great deal from its &lsquo;learning by doing&rsquo; method, there are valuable lessons that can be learnt from innovations in the ABS frameworks of other countries. The innovations of these countries are a great resource for National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in India that is seeking to make the processing of the bioprospecting applications in India more optimal. The current paper highlights the challenges faced by the NBA in processing the high volumes of bioprospecting applications, analyses the reasons for such challenges and proposes solutions for the same.</p>

19 Feb 2015 15:44:24 GMT

Biodiversity for sustainable development: delivering results for Asia and the Pacific

<p>This book focuses on biodiversity work in the Asia-Pacific region. It presents results, stories and photographs on innovations in monitoring endangered species, creating protected areas and managing them better, adapting to climate change, improving community livelihoods and energy efficiency, and diversifying crops. It presents examples of work to conserve land, water and ocean resources that have taken place since 2000, linking biodiversity with five themes: home, food and water, work and money, health and security, and happiness and love. It argues that biodiversity is a vital component of the most basic concerns of our daily lives, wherever we are.</p>

17 Feb 2015 12:17:09 GMT

Sankalp Forum: preliminary report

<p>Launched in 2009, Sankalp Forum, an Intellecap initiative, recognises and supports innovative, sustainable, high impact social enterprises. It builds an enabling ecosystem for early-stage social enterprises, channels impact investments, and engages over 11,000 stakeholders globally through collaborative year-round initiatives. It mobilises a community of entrepreneurs, investors, enablers and policy-makers to encourage innovation, facilitate scalability, and drive consensus on matters that aid social enterprise development.</p><p>Thus far, Sankalp Forum has focused its enterprise support and ecosystem building efforts largely on India, with some activities in South and South East Asia. It sees a tremendous opportunity for expanding its efforts to Sub Saharan Africa to grow local high impact small and medium enterprise (SME) ecosystems; and also build a knowledge and partnerships corridor between India and Sub Saharan African countries.</p>

16 Feb 2015 11:06:23 GMT

Land reform and biodiversity conservation in South Africa: Complementary or in conflict?

<p>A major challenge for government is to reconcile land reform and biodiversity conservation policies in contested geographical areas. Since 1994 a large number of land reform projects have been initiated which affect conservation areas. Many of these are concerned with the restitution of land rights. This has resulted in the conservation and land reform sectors often coming into conflict. Overcoming mistrust and poor understanding between the historically disparate land and conservation sectors is a matter which requires urgent attention. However, the most important issue is ensuring that people, whose land rights were violated by apartheid policies and sometimes by the creation of conservation areas, do not become victims of ideological battles.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper aims to improve understanding of the conflicts that have arisen between land reform and conservation, and to encourage better comprehension between the land and conservation sectors. It does this by analysing current experiences in South Africa with regard to land reform in conservation areas, and, through the use of case studies, exploring synergies and tensions which currently exist between these two seemingly disparate objectives.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper concludes that South Africa has achieved minimal success in reconciling land reform, conservation and economic development:</span></p><ul><li>the divergent goals of the land and conservation sectors result in conflicts which often lead to delays in the process of resolving land issues;</li><li>the joint management or contractual parks model used in South Africa to resolve land claims in protected areas appears to be unsuitable, given current power imbalances between conservation agencies and poor rural people. Rural people sign agreements in the hope of enjoying future benefits from the deals, but they are often frustrated by their inability to influence management decisions that have an impact on their livelihoods;</li><li>with the retention of the conservation status of land in all cases, land and resource rights remain unclear, with some rural people questioning if they have achieved any victory.</li></ul><p>What is needed is a serious rethink of approaches to reconciling land reform and conservation, including flexible policies which may include alternative land uses other than ecotourism, and broader bioregional strategies for conservation that look beyond protected areas in terms of planning, conservation and economic development. The reality is that South Africa is faced with spiraling levels of poverty and unemployment, high levels of inequality especially in land ownership and distribution and increased reliance among the rural poor on natural resources. Addressing the immediate and long-term needs of the poor, whilst simultaneously conserving the country&rsquo;s biodiversity, is no easy task, needing both the creativity and commitment of all players to compromise where necessary, and to get it right.</p>

12 Feb 2015 20:45:59 GMT

Internalising the Cost of Biodiversity loss using Translog Cost Function - wp276.pdf

<p>Aquaculture has rapidly developed as a thriving business in many developing countries in response to dramatic increase in the demand for shrimp from United States, Japan and Europe. Shrimp farming and aquacultural activities are mostly carried out in coastal regions as they provide vast tracts of saline lands coupled with an abundant quantity of wild seeds.</p><p>National governments are supporting this activity in the belief that shrimp farming can generate significant foreign exchange earnings, and enhance the employment opportunities and incomes in poor, coastal communities. As a consequence hundreds of hectares of land have been brought under this venture. But this expansion has several effects on the land and water regimes and is postulated to lead to the degradation of the marine environment.</p><p>This paper examines the impact of export-driven increases in aquaculture production on biodiversity in the Indian Sundarbans, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Biodiversity indices for three representative sites for a ten-year period are set up. These indices are integrated into a cost function for aquaculture farming to examine the impact of the &lsquo;ecological crop loss&rsquo; caused by increasing prawn seed collection from the wild on costs of the aquaculturist.</p><p>The study finds that within a translog cost function framework, the results on substitutability between inputs show that a land-intensive aquaculture expansion is indicated if biodiversity loss is to be averted. Furthermore, the existence of economies of scale in aquaculture production points towards the economic viability of such an approach. Other policy options such as a hatchery technology for seed production are less cost effective, while requiring at the same time, complementary measures to provide livelihoods to the large number of people engaged in prawn seed collection.</p>

07 Feb 2015 11:50:15 GMT

Waghoba tales: Adventures in leopard land

<p>Between 2007 and 2011, the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research and the Centre for Ecological Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science received funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy (New Delhi) for a large project on Human-Wildlife Conflicts. The wider project involved many partners on both the Norwegian and Indian sides, and attracted co-funding from a diversity of other sources including the Research Council of Norway. Among the many sub-projects that were initiated it was the leopard studies that led to the closest and most productive cooperation between Norwegian and Indian researchers. This cooperation is ongoing even now, three years after the end of the original project. The leopard study had a great deal of focus on communication and outreach &ndash; and this booklet represents just one of these products. It is based on a translation from the original written in Marathi with additional sections added for a wider audience. The booklet is an attempt to provide insights into the process of conducting research as much as the results obtained. When people from diverse cultural backgrounds meet in rural India in the process of studying leopards some very bizarre situations can arise.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:42:16 GMT

A “Delphi Exercise” as a tool in Amazon Rainforest valuation

<p>The Amazon rainforest, the world&rsquo;s largest and most biodiverse, represents a global public good of which 15 percent has already been lost. The worldwide value of preserving the remaining forest is today unknown. A &ldquo;Delphi&rdquo; exercise was conducted involving more than 200 environmental valuation experts from 36 countries, who were asked to predict the outcome of a survey to elicit willingness to pay for Amazon forest preservation among their own countries&rsquo; populations. Expert judgments of average willingness-to-pay levels, per household per year, to fund a plan to protect all of the current Amazon rainforest up to 2050, range from $4 to $36 in 12 Asian countries, to near $100 in Canada, Germany, and Norway, with other high-income countries in between. Somewhat lower willingness-to-pay values were found for a less strict plan that allows a 12 percent further rainforest area reduction. The elasticity of experts&rsquo; willingness-to-pay assessments with respect to own-country per capita income is slightly below but not significantly different from unity when results are pooled across countries and income is adjusted for purchasing power parity.</p>

06 Feb 2015 17:21:46 GMT

Guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments in terrestrial and marine environments in the Pacific

<p>This publication contains guidelines for undertaking rapid biodiversity assessments the Pacific island countries and territories of Micronesia, Melanesia, and Polynesia. It highlights that survey methodologies and systems selected as part of the guidelines should: Take account of the IUCN Red List status of species, enable the identification of priority habitats or areas based on those species and enable the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and/or other ecological significant areas. Also to address the identification of threats posed by invasive plants and fauna, take account of climate change implications, address approaches for the assessment of both marine and terrestrial ecosystem resilience and vulnerability and involve local communities in all aspects of the BIORAP.</p>

05 Feb 2015 15:16:09 GMT

Seeds without borders

<p>This policy brief reviews, reflects and discusses the challenges from the perspectives of technological, organisational, institutional, regulatory, and policy frameworks within the variety development-seed production-seed use continuum. The brief proposes recommendations that can be pursued to further enhance the efficiency of the seed systems especially in supporting regional seed marketing and ensuring that women as &ldquo;natural custodians of seed&rdquo; benefit from the improved systems.</p><p>Governments and sub regional organisations such as Southern African Development Community (SADC) have to create an enabling policy and regulatory framework to improve the efficiency of the national seed systems and create diverse forms of delivery systems. These systems include the formal, public and private seed sector, and new innovative informal approaches that involve farmer groups (associations, cooperatives), individual seed producers and NGOs operating in a particular country.</p>

30 Jan 2015 13:36:00 GMT

Climate change in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas: The state of current knowledge

<p>The Hindu Kush-Himalayan (HKH) region is one of the most ecologically sensitive and fragile areas in the world. In all likelihood, the effects of climate change will become evident here first and with the greatest intensity. This report synthesises the present knowledge about the consequences that climate change could have for the region. This thorough review of the existing literature, based on over 360 references, was prepared in consultation with more than 80 leading experts from the region and abroad. To identify and bridge gaps in climate change related knowledge for the HKH, leading experts in climatology, hydrology, environmental science, and other climate-related fields from across and beyond the region gathered at an Authors&rsquo; Workshop in Kathmandu on 18 and 19 August 2011. The workshop presentations and discussions form the backbone of this report, fleshed out with additional literature. Rigorous review sought to ensure a thorough and relevant report. The report captures the cutting-edge knowledge from the region in three major areas: climate and hydrology; biodiversity and ecosystems; and atmospheric changes. It also indicates gaps in knowledge and shows a way forward for systematic data acquisition and data sharing in the areas of biophysical observation, socioeconomic analysis, and policy research. This report not only should be of interest to planners and policy makers in the region, but should also provide vital inputs into global climate change negotiations.</p>

27 Jan 2015 18:12:03 GMT

Kailash sacred landscape conservation initiative – Feasibility assessment report

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China (TAR China) and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&rsquo;s most important rivers, and at the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalisation processes and accelerating development. The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) is an attempt on the part of the three neighbouring countries to join hands to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. The present report is a summarised synthesis of three individual Country Feasibility Assessment Reports, based on extensive field work and consultations aimed at delineating the target landscape and preparing a needs analysis for the KSL in general, and the KSLCI in particular.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:51:33 GMT

Gender and biodiversity management in the greater Himalayas: Towards equitable mountain development

<p>This publication presents six case studies on gender aspects of biodiversity conservation and management. They address conservation issues related to women&#39;s practices in: shifting cultivation (Bangladesh); use of wild yam (Bhutan); yeast production (Bhutan); in situ agrobiodiversity conservation (India); kinema making practices from soybean (India); and community forestry leadership (Nepal). The study contributes policy and research recommendations for promoting and improving gender-sensitive and -inclusive biodiversity conservation and management practices in complex mountain contexts. It will be useful for development practitioners, researchers, policy makers, development planners, and civil society organizations working on sustainable and equitable natural resources management in the greater Himalayan region.</p><p>The paper highlights that women have a critical role in maintaining and sustaining local-level biodiversity resources and hold extensive knowledge of crops and wild plants, agricultural practices, local species, and the genetic management of plants and animals. However, analysis of the gender dimensions of biodiversity management in mountain ecosystems is still emerging as an area of research.</p>

27 Jan 2015 15:15:43 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape – Report on the experts regional consultation for transboundary biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD and the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry, Myanmar, to improve collaboration between China, India, and Myanmar in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation and technical sessions held in December in Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape. It also gives a brief account of updates on the landscape from China, India, and Myanmar and a regional synthesis of the pre-feasibility assessments prepared by each country. More detailed highlights from the pre-feasibility studies, which describe the landscape, the importance of the initiative, and steps taken to adopt the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the area, as well as the result of the consultation &ndash; a draft programme framework for transboundary collaboration in the area &ndash; are appended as annexes.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:26:14 GMT

Mountain biodiversity conservation and management: Selected examples of good practices and lessons learned from the Hindu Kush Himalayan region

<p>This publication presents 15 case studies solicited by ICIMOD during the International Year of Biodiversity 2010. The case studies document mountain biodiversity initiatives implemented in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region, ranging from the protection and conservation of endangered species (such as the snow leopard, Acer pentaphyllum, and Himalayan golden mahseer) to integrated approaches to conservation, transboundary and otherwise, that link livelihoods with the sustainable use of biodiversity resources. While virtually all mountain biodiversity initiatives documented in this publication emphasize community involvement, a few have also leveraged local institutions and indigenous knowledge systems, integrating them with scientific knowledge to find a way forward. Most case studies capture good practices that can be replicated and scaled up, as well as lessons learned, thereby contributing to the Programme of Work on Mountain Biodiversity adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:15:00 GMT

Towards developing the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape – Report of the regional consultation to develop future strategic programme for biodiversity management and climate change adaptation

<p>This publication gives a brief overview of the regional consultation facilitated by ICIMOD to improve collaboration between China and Pakistan in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. The paper gives highlights of the consultation held in December in Kathmandu, Nepal and lists past efforts made for regional collaboration in the Karakoram-Pamir Landscape. It also gives an account of the sharing of the process document which describes the landscape and the importance of the transboundary approach to ecosystem management in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

26 Jan 2015 17:07:02 GMT

Caring for our transboundary landscape: Illustrations from the Kailash Sacred Landscape

<p>This collection of simple drawings is designed to raise the awareness of rural mountain people and help them better understand the various changes and opportunities in their landscape. Rural mountain communities are highly vulnerable to the changes occurring in their landscape due to climatic and other factors (including demographic changes and migration).</p><p>The first part looks at the changes and challenges in the landscape, such as impacts of climate change and unsustainable practices. The second part introduces solutions for better management and use of natural resources and introduces the concept and importance of collaborating across borders in natural resource management and conservation.</p><p>The publication was created within the Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation Initiative (KSLCI) and is intended in particular for communities living within the Kailash Sacred Landscape. However, its messages could be useful to mountain communities in a much wider context.</p>

26 Jan 2015 16:45:34 GMT

Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative: Regional Programme Implementation Plan 2012–2016

<p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (KSLCDI) is a collaborative effort of the three neighbouring countries in Kailash Sacred Landscape (KSL) to help preserve the unique biological diversity, the many ecosystem goods and services, and the value-based cultural heritage of one of the most revered and sacred landscapes in the world. This report is a synthesis of proposed activities based on a wide consultative process and national programme implementation plans submitted by partner institutions from each country. The Regional Programme Implementation Plan has been prepared for the five-year period 2012-2016 and describes how various programme elements will be implemented and executed in the KSL on a regional scale.</p><p>The KSL spreads across a vast region that includes remote portions of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and contiguous areas of Nepal and India. This area is historically, ecologically, and culturally interconnected; it is the source of four of Asia&#39;s most important rivers. At the heart of this landscape is the sacred Mount Kailash, revered by millions of people in Asia and throughout the world. The region and its people are highly vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation, as well as threats associated with ongoing globalization processes and accelerating development.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:56:56 GMT

Environmental Stratification of Kailash Sacred Landscape and Projected Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystems and Productivity

<p>This publication documents a study that uses a quantitative spatial analytic approach to environmentally stratify the Kailash Sacred Landscape based on the Global Environmental Stratification approach. The study aims to stratify the KSL for use as a baseline for climate change research, for comparative studies, and to model the projected impacts of climate change on the landscape. A modelling approach based on statistical clustering was applied to develop a detailed bioclimatic stratification of the study area. Based on this classification, the impacts of climate change on the distribution of the bioclimatic zones, ecosystems, and vegetation types in the landscape were modelled and identified.</p><p>The Kailash Sacred Landscape is a recently designated transboundary conservation landscape comprising remote portions of the southwestern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and adjacent portions of northern India and northwestern Nepal.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:41:15 GMT

High-altitude rangelands and their interfaces in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

<p>The interfaces between high-altitude rangelands and other ecosystems in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region such as forests, wetlands, and agricultural land are suffering from degradation, desertification, and soil erosion, which are further aggravated by climatic and anthropogenic factors. However, more information is needed on the ecological role of high-altitude rangelands and their interfaces as a basis for developing and implementing plans for conservation and sustainable management of these fragile ecosystems. This volume has been compiled as a first step in addressing this knowledge gap. It contains a collection of papers and scholarly articles by ecologists, natural resource managers, and other professionals working on the high-altitude rangelands of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region.</p>

22 Jan 2015 16:21:11 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative – Report on the regional strategic meeting for developing regional cooperation framework

<p>This report presents the detailed proceedings of a two-day consultation meeting aimed at formulating the BSL Regional Cooperation Framework (BSL-RCF). The meeting was held at Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar on 26&ndash;27 June 2014.</p><p>ICIMOD and its partners in the eight Regional Member Countries have identified seven transboundary landscapes for programmatic cooperation from west to east across the HKH region: Wakhan, Karakoram-Pamir, Kailash, Everest, Kangchenjunga, Brahmaputra-Salween, and Cherrapunjee-Chittagong. The Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape is one of these transboundary landscapes and represents one of the most biodiversity and culturally rich transboundary landscapes, and is shared by three countries, namely, China, India and Myanmar. The landscape includes areas that are globally recognized as the &lsquo;Centre of Plant Diversity&rsquo; and &lsquo;Eastern Asiatic Regional Centre for Endemism&rsquo;. The biodiversity in the Landscape not only forms the basis of livelihoods of people living in the landscape, but also has universal value in terms of evolution and diversification of species, and as genetic repositories of crop wild relatives.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:16:19 GMT

Towards developing the Brahmaputra-Salween landscape conservation and development initiative

<p>This report is on the third Regional Consultation on Developing Transboundary Cooperation for Brahmaputra-Salween Landscape Conservation and Development Initiative (BSLCDI) which took place in January 2014 in Kaziranga, Assam, India. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) has a &lsquo;Regional Programme&rsquo; platform for enhancing cooperation among eight member countries in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan.</p><p>Transboundary Landscapes is one of the regional programmes that aim to promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources (biodiversity, rangelands, farming systems, forests, wetlands and watersheds) in landscapes defined by ecosystems rather than administrative boundaries. The programme also seeks to promote sustainable management of natural and cultural heritage.</p>

22 Jan 2015 15:06:22 GMT

Understanding the transboundary Karakoram-Pamir landscape

<p>This publication provides a baseline on issues related to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development in the Karakoram-Pamir region of China and Pakistan. The report provides an overview of available information on the major features of the landscape, its ecosystems and biodiversity, and the socioeconomic and cultural situation. It was compiled through the efforts of scientists and stakeholders in the two countries. The information is intended to support the development of a conservation strategy and associated comprehensive environmental monitoring action plan for the landscape, as well as being useful in the formulation of national strategies and regional cooperation frameworks.</p>

22 Jan 2015 14:54:08 GMT

Coping with climate change – the roles of genetic resources for food and agriculture

<p>This book argues that genetic resources have a critical role to play in feeding the world in the face of climate change and that more needs to be done to study, preserve and utilize biological diversity. It argues that crops, livestock, forest trees and aquatic organisms capable of surviving and producing in a changing climate will be needed and that policies.</p>

21 Jan 2015 13:50:50 GMT

Environmental livelihood security in Southeast Asia and Oceania: a water-energy-food-livelihoods nexus approach for spatially assessing change

<p>This document addresses the need for explicit inclusion of livelihoods within the environment nexus (water-energy-food security). The authors present a conceptualisation of &lsquo;environmental livelihood security&rsquo;, which combines the nexus perspective with sustainable livelihoods. The geographical focus of this paper is Southeast Asia and Oceania, which the authors highlight is a region currently wrought by the impacts of a changing climate. Climate change is the primary external forcing mechanism on the environmental livelihood security of communities in Southeast Asia and Oceania which, therefore, forms the applied crux of this paper. The paper provides a primer for using geospatial information to develop a spatial framework to enable geographical assessment of environmental livelihood security across the region. It concludes by linking the value of this research to ongoing sustainable development discussions, and for influencing policy agendas.</p>

21 Jan 2015 11:46:11 GMT

Payment for ecosystem services in South Africa: prospects for programme development

<p>The need to address sustained economic growth while simultaneously preserving the natural environment presents important policy challenges for countries such as South Africa. Growing concerns about climate change, a loss of biodiversity, and the poor management of natural resources such as forests and water all indicate that the benefits of growth &ndash; and its ability to deliver social well-being &ndash; must be increasingly considered in light of environmental costs.<br /><br />Some of the most innovative instruments focused on balancing growth and environmental impact are originating in developing countries. Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is one such instrument, used most commonly in Latin America, which is gaining increased traction.</p><p>Through the use of monetary and in-kind payments, PES incentivises landowners and communities to maintain intact ecosystems, restore the natural environments of degraded land, and use natural resources sustainably.<br /><br />In South Africa, PES is considered by a number of stakeholders as having the potential to mitigate climate change, as well as promote sustainable land use and the better management of scarce water resources. PES is also viewed as a way of promoting new livelihoods and generating more sustainable growth. This raises questions as to what a national PES programme in South Africa would look like.</p>

20 Jan 2015 14:01:11 GMT

Noah revisits biodiversity protection prioritisation

<p>The pledges to finance biodiversity preservation make up a fraction of the identified needs. Therefore, scientists must develop tools to help prioritise the many goals of biodiversity preservation. Analysts and policy makers often use the &lsquo;Noah&rsquo;s Ark&rsquo; metaphor to imply that society must choose how much biodiversity to save and which specific components of it to save.</p><p>This paper develops a framework for prioritising species conservation policies that advances the integration of the economic and ecological perspectives stating that economic models proposed to answer these questions do not capture the complexity and inter-relatedness that enrich ecological perspectives. Also, ecological models often ignore the anthropogenic aspects that drive economic analysis.</p><p>The author first develops a macro-oriented model that builds from Norgaard&rsquo;s framework (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) to address how big an ark to build. He then develops a microeconomic model that prioritises species&mdash;one that starts with Weitzman&rsquo;s model (<em>Econometrica </em>1998) and builds upon the work of Perry (<em>EcolEcon </em>2010) and Arponen (<em>BiodiversConserv </em>2012) to include ecological concerns.</p><p>The author demonstrates this methodology with two examples from current issues concerning protecting Keoladeo National Park, India. First, he looks at maintaining the Gambhir River&rsquo;s natural flow (instead of impounding it behind the Panchana Dam) to help re-establish the Siberian Crane at the park. Then, he investigates the protection of satellite wetlands, which are part of the park&rsquo;s overall ecosystem, to enhance the Sarus Crane population.</p><p>In conclusion, the author explains that Noah faces the difficult task of deciding how big to build his ark and how many species to have on board thus, the macroeconomic and microeconomic models developed in the paper advance the integration of ecological concerns into economic models. The examples used illustrate that the models can be used effectively, especially if good quality data are available.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:47:38 GMT

Biodiversity prioritisation and gender

<p>Biodiversity is declining and will continue to decline through this century. Governments worldwide are concerned enough about that decline to increase their funding for biodiversity protection by over $10 billion annually (Secretariat of the Convention on Biodiversity 20 October 2012). But those pledges do not meet the $76 billion annually required.</p><p>Weitzman (1998) brought the Noah&rsquo;s Ark metaphor to this policy challenge. This metaphor is based upon the Abrahamic religions&rsquo; belief (<em>Torah </em>Book of Bereshit, <em>Bible </em>Book of Genesis, and <em>Qu&rsquo;ran </em>Surah 11) that God destroyed the world by a flood except for the people, animals, and plants Noah saved in the ark. So, the goal of the policy makers is to create a prioritisation scheme that guides a Noah-like policy maker in deciding which species to save.</p><p>Because the financial commitments to preserve biodiversity fall short of what is needed, the elements of biodiversity must be prioritised so that limited funds can be used most effectively. This paper addresses the key issue of the weaknesses in such prioritisation mechanisms with respect to gender concerns. It begins by defining biodiversity and how species are prioritised for preservation. Next, it utilises theories from the existing literature to analyse how each component of the prioritisation is likely biased when ignoring the linkages between biodiversity, gender, and economic development.</p><p>&nbsp;So, in conclusion, the author asserts that one cannot simply state that Noah or his economic analysts will always deflate or always inflate the ranking of species valued by women. Biodiversity protection has a complex relationship with gender and with economic development. Therefore for each case of biodiversity protection, gender must be analysed with respect to all four of the prioritisation components, as each component likely would otherwise be biased in various degrees and the directions of the biases can be contradictory. Only through careful analysis will the direction of bias be confirmed for each specific case.</p>

15 Jan 2015 17:43:27 GMT

Land, biodiversity and the extractive industries in southern Africa. How effective are legal and institutional frameworks in protecting people and the environment?

<p>In the natural resources sector, laws are often formulated to regulate the relationship between men and the environment. Ideally, the law can play a vital role in regulating and protecting communities from adverse environmental and social impacts of mining, loss of land, biodiversity and natural wealth, as well as other human rights violations. Almost all countries in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have developed laws and institutions to regulate and monitor the extraction of mineral resources and their impact on the environment and people. However, the level of implementation and enforcement of those laws varies across the region and in some cases legal gaps exist.<br /><br />In light of this, the Southern Africa Resource Watch (SARW) commissioned research in three SADC countries &ndash; Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe &ndash; to assess the effectiveness of exiting legal and institutional frameworks governing land, social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector.</p><p>This policy brief analyses the findings of the three reports and identifies current legal and institutional frameworks in Zimbabwe, South Africa and Botswana that seek to protect land, biodiversity and communities from the adverse impacts of mining. It highlights good practices while also capturing crosscutting weaknesses and gaps in the legal frameworks.</p><p>The policy brief also analyses the institutional capacities of responsible government departments, whose legal mandate is to monitor and hold mining companies accountable, and looks at the domestication and application of regional and international instruments. More importantly, the efficacy of voluntary practices and standards adopted by mining companies and financial institutions to promote social and environmental accountability in the extractive sector is also assessed.</p>

13 Jan 2015 14:44:52 GMT

A programme for the implementation of the obligations of the convention on biological diversity

<p>In June 1992, Pakistan joined other countries in signing the Convention On Biological Diversity during the Rio Summit. The Convention places responsibility on the signatories by providing a framework aimed at conserving and sustaining global biodiversity. This paper summarises the framework of the convention under the following broad categories:</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">1.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Objectives: To conserve global biological diversity and promote sustainable use of its components through development of national strategies, plans or programmes and integration of the convention into national agenda. Also, Pakistan is expected to keep those relevant international agreements valid except those that counter the convention.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">2.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Principle: The sovereign right of countries to exploit the resources within national jurisdiction is recognized though the document applies to any activities and processes, which affect biological diversity beyond national jurisdictions.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">3.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Obligation for Pakistan:&nbsp; This category stresses cooperation, maintaining organised date, establishing protected areas fpr biodiversity habitat, regulation and management of biological resources within and outside these areas, provision of incentives for biological conservation and sustainable use, increased public awareness, creation of favourable condition for access to genetic resources and information sharing.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">4.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Opportunities: This category includes external technological and financial support for in-situ and ex-situ conservation, capacity building, impact assessment support to minimize adverse impacts, Fair and equitable sharing of research results and resources from commercial and other utilisation of genetic resources.</p><p style="margin-left:52.0pt">5. Conference of the Parties</p>

11 Jan 2015 07:56:33 GMT

Access and benefit sharing under the biodiversity act: towards a more effective regime

<p>The Biological Diversity Act (BDA), 2002 was enacted by India so as to give effect to its commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 (the BDA became effective in 2004 after the Biological Diversity Rules (BDRs) were notified). The BDA has provisions for regulated access to biological resources (BRs) for various purposes including for scientific research, for commercial utilisation, for bio-survey or for bio-utilisation. These conditions of access are put in place to ensure conservation of biological diversity and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the commercial use of BRs and associated traditional knowledge (TK).</p><p>The BDA is a well-crafted legislation that takes into consideration the imperatives of implementing a complex law given the realities facing India.&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">Despite its well-crafted nature, the implementation of the BDA has many weaknesses. The&nbsp;provisions have not been implemented effectively, which was mainly due to inadequate awareness about the law among various stakeholders and the weakness of institutional mechanisms. Moreover, well-articulated guidelines, without which no legislation can be effectively implemented, are not yet in place. Considering the importance of promoting conservation and sustainable use of BR, there is an urgent need to remove the shortcomings being faced for proper implementation of the Act so that benefits can accrue to the communities who protect and nurture BR and associated TK. Strengthening of institutional and human resources will have to be carried out to ensure any meaningful BS from access to BR and associated TK in the country.</span></p>

10 Jan 2015 20:13:55 GMT

Implementation of convention on biological diversity in Pakistan

<p>Pakistan, covering a land area of 803,940 sq. km, is rich in biodiversity. It has been divided into 10 major ecological zones and contains up to 5,700 species of plants, 188 of mammals, 666 of birds, 174 of reptiles, 125 of freshwater and 400 of marine fish, and insects/invertebrates of 20,000.</p><p>The pressures on biodiversity have been attributed to rapid growth in human population, increasing numbers of livestock, commercial forestry practices, increasing use of fertilizers and pesticides, expanding agriculture, increasing numbers of industries polluting land, water and air, expanding settlements encroaching on wildlife habitats, commercial fishing practices adversely affecting aquatic habitats, water-supply and energy-generating developments, transportation, tourism and harbour developments and hunting at levels of exploitation.</p><p>This paper looks at Pakistan&rsquo;s implementation of the Convention on Biodiversity. It notes that the country has been a signatory to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) since 1992, with the Cabinet ratifying it in 1994. The paper observes that in order to ensure the smooth implementation of the Convention, federal and provincial authorities have made significant attempts for the protection of biodiversity and natural capital of the country listing all the relevant articles of the Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) towards the implementation of the Convention.</p>

07 Jan 2015 03:48:17 GMT

Technology Transfer in India: CBD, institutions, actors, typologies and perceptions. Sector: Herbal Medicines (biopharmaceuticals, botanicals and personal care products and cosmetics)

<p>The Convention on Biologcal Diversity (CBD) recognises that both access to and transfer of technologies are essential for the attainment of its objectives. This report explores a number of issues related to technology transfer with a particular focus on India asking questions on: typologies, actors, and institutions, perceptions and mechanisms. The report explores these issues for herbal medicine development and the use of medicinal plants particularly those based on the ancient written Ayurvedic medicinal system.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:18:37 GMT

REDD+ in India: managing carbon storage and biodiversity safeguarding in national forest politics?

<p>The report analyses India&#39;s approach towards the mechanism on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries; and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhance-ment of forest carbon stocks (REDD+), with particular attention to India&#39;s handling of both carbon and biodiversity matters.<br />The evolution of REDD+ under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is reviewed. Based on a conceptual section on the meaning of &#39;safeguards&#39; the report then provides an overview of the policy measures that the REDD+ debate has triggered from various transnational actors in response to concerns that its implementation might impact adversely on biodiversity. After a discussion of India&#39;s positioning in these international debates, the second part of the report analyses the country&#39;s institutional, legislative, financial and operational assets and challenges as regards realizing REDD+ along with biodiversity safeguarding on the ground.<br />Internationally, India has been a leading country in expanding the scope of a forest-based mitigation instrument in developing countries from carbon sinks to wider concerns, including biodiversity. Domestically, India has repeatedly stated that it has much to gain from REDD+, carbon benefits and other eco-system services alike. Still, it is found that India has not moved far in bringing REDD+ into function on the ground and thus has not reaped the potential benefits for biodiversity of REDD+<br />The report points to a degree of ambiguity in India&#39;s position on REDD + both nationally and internationally. While it has supported a multi-purpose REDD+, India has also supported the inclusion of industrial/short rotation plantations in a definition of forests eligible for REDD+ funding. Such plantations are known to have potentially adverse effects on biodiversity. While this corresponds to India&rsquo;s own ambitious target of doubling the area for afforestation and forest restoration, it also opens the door for trans-formation of biodiversity-rich areas.</p>

05 Jan 2015 18:05:27 GMT

The integration of economics into Pakistan's biodiversity action plan: a case study

<p>An important economic reason behind the erosion of biodiversity is the underlying disparity between private versus social costs and benefits. Such divergence can arise because of intervention and market failures, which can be both biodiversity-specific and biodiversity-related and have relevance at the sector as well as project level. The term market failure also includes missing markets. This is the case with global warming, ozone layer depletion or species loss where global imperatives are not reflected in national policies. Conversely, as in the case of biopiracy (&lsquo;neem&rsquo;, &lsquo;basmati&rsquo; rice) multinationals present threats to indigenous biodiversity.<br /><br />The focus of this paper is on the integration of economics into national biodiversity strategies. There are two related aspects to such integration. First, biodiversity needs to be valued explicitly to alert decision makers to the importance of sustainable resource use and to ensure that protection and conservation efforts are undertaken. Second, economic policies and measures are a key component of such efforts. Not only are they a logical consequence of valuation exercises but also their market linkages assure conservation gains in a relatively efficient manner.<br /><br />An important corollary is that such policies and measures need not be restricted only to the biodiversity specific sectors, such as forestry, agriculture and rangelands. In some cases, such as in degraded water habitats (freshwater, marine), remedial measures can be sourced in sectors such as industry, households and energy, where the biodiversity linkages are indirect but equally important.<br /><br />Pricing environmental goods and bads is politically unpopular because it cuts into rents enjoyed by powerful groups. Thus policy and pricing initiatives require strong institutional support. Key to this are environmental protection laws, regulatory and implementation measures, which focus both on innovation and equity. Legal and regulatory measures should define property rights and espouse participatory management principles, aimed at empowering communities. A precondition for instituting such rights and principles are consultative processes to ensure that they are enshrined adequately in the laws.</p><p>It is obvious that a holistic approach to biodiversity conservation needs to be adopted. However, there are limits to what can be attempted or accomplished, in view of the inherent complexity of the problem and the associated funding and information constraints. Essentially, a phased approach should be adopted in establishing biodiversity-economic linkages.&nbsp;</p>

27 Dec 2014 16:06:24 GMT

Study on effluents from selected sugar mills in Pakistan: potential environmental, health, and economic consequences of an excessive pollution load

<p>Pakistan&rsquo;s sugar industry, considered to be one of the best organised industrial sectors in the country, is also among the country&rsquo;s leading economic enterprises, directly or indirectly employing over 10 million people (Hagler Bailley, 1999). Comprising 77 mills, 38 in the province of Punjab, 32 in Sindh, six in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP), and one in Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), the industry produced nearly four million tons of sugar during 2003-04 and has a full production capacity estimated at five million tons, well exceeding the estimated domestic demand of 3.6 million tons (GOP 2002-03). Almost the entirety of the sugar output is used domestically while molasses, a by-product of sugar production, is mostly exported to other countries. A few sugar mills also use part of the molasses to produce industrial alcohol (ethyl alcohol) a significant quantity of which is exported.</p><p>Pollution control measures for such a large-scale industrial operation must be carefully planned to minimise risks to health and environment. The sugar production process is known to produce substantial levels of solid waste, water and noise pollution. The highly polluted wastewater from sugar mills, in particular, poses a substantial danger to health and environmental quality.</p><p>This paper explores the health and environmental impacts of waste water releases from the sugar industry, particularly in terms of pollutant parameters that are found to exceed NEQS; the amount of pollution charge, as calculated under the notified government environmental rules and regulations, which the industry will have to bear over the years if it fails to comply with NEQS; and the international trade implications of not meeting environmental standards. It also appraises the technical and regulatory context in which the wastewater problem may be tackled, discussing existing environmental policies and legislation and available options including technologies for the reduction of wastewater volume and pollution load, end of pipe treatment, and recycling/reuse of waste water.</p><p>The recommendations that this paper makes include the following:</p><ul><li>to enhance the identification and implementation of appropriate control measures, industry should consider carrying out periodic &ldquo;waste audits&rdquo;, particularly for water use, to identify the level of waste discharge</li><li>government can encourage compliance with environmental standards by fostering favourable regulatory and financial conditions</li><li>government agencies can also facilitate domestic initiatives and cooperation by providing forums and opportunities for stakeholders to come together and tackle environmental issues in collaborative processes, such as the one effectively executed for the determination of the pollution charge system and self-monitoring and reporting /SMART programme</li></ul>

05 Dec 2014 13:05:34 GMT

Pakistan’s trade and environment related interests and suggested positions to be discussed at the Geneva WTO ministerial negotiations

<p>The increasing liberalization of the Multilateral Trading System along with other external factors continues to influence and shape Pakistan&rsquo;s global economic position. Currently the Asian market&rsquo;s ripple effects, increased imports and falling exports are the predominant trade factors. The cross cutting issue of trade and environment continues to be a hindrance for the developing world&rsquo;s efforts at gaining increased market access and this will require close monitoring by Pakistan.</p><p>This policy brief summarizes relevant positions that Pakistan could articulate in future negotiations when responding to trade and environment issues. While the intent of the paper is to outline external strategies that Pakistan could take, internal strategies will also be covered to a lesser degree in order to treat overlap and emphasize the need for inter agency and inter sectoral cooperation. It is hoped that a more collaborative research-supported, phased and monitored approach to trade and environment issues will aid Pakistan and the developing world in general to integrate into the global economy while achieving sustainable development goals and objectives.</p><p>Fortunately for developing countries, the Northern environmental agenda was stopped at the Seattle ministerial meeting through solid resistance from a unified South. The reality, however, is that trade and environment issues will continue to be part of the agenda during future rounds of WTO negotiations.</p><p>The paper is therefore states that there is a need to examine all related factors like consistency of trade measures taken for environmental purposes, environment and trade liberalization issues, trade measures taken pursuant to Multi lateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs), trade effects of environmental measures, market access and environment, export of domestically prohibited goods, dispute settlement process, eliminating subsidies, trade related intellectual property rights and biodiversity.</p><p>The paper concludes by declaring that until recently, all debates within the CTE has revealed the in-built inequities and inherent imbalances in dealing with environmental issues. There is therefore a need to ensure that the Southern environmental agenda is also brought into the discourse. This position should place the trade and environment discourse within the broader framework of sustainable livelihoods, poverty alleviation, social and environmental justice, and the expansion of ecological and human security. The onus for such a position in Pakistan, the author asserts, lies with Government, scholars and policy oriented NGOs.</p>

02 Dec 2014 19:30:08 GMT

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Band-aids won’t save the polar bears: smarter climate adaptation needed - Insights Blog

The polar bear, floating mournfully away on an ice floe as his habitat melts around him, is perhaps one of the most well-travelled symbols of the impacts of climate change.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Public Interventions and Private Climate Finance Flows: Empirical Evidence from Renewable Energy Financing - Environment Working Paper

This study uses a unique dataset of investment flows to analyse the role of two categories of public interventions (finance and policies) in mobilising flows of private climate finance worldwide and in the more specific context of flows to and in developing countries. The objectives are threefold. Find out more.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:51:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Biosafety and the Environmental Uses of Micro-Organisms

Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases. This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Environmental indicators: OECD country profiles

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 12 Jan 2015 12:08:00 GMT

Working Papers on greening household behaviour

Latest Environment Working Papers on greening household behaviour: overview of results from econometric analysis and policy implications; energy; food; transport; waste; and water.

Mon, 05 Jan 2015 11:45:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Fri, 19 Dec 2014 12:51:00 GMT

Can you have your green cake and eat it too? Environmental policies as an ingredient for economic growth - Insights Blog

In today’s hard times, policy-makers can find it difficult to sell their environmental policies. To many, these policies represent a burden on the economy.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:13:00 GMT

A clearer picture of climate-related development finance

The world will need more and better targeted financing to meet the challenges of global development post-2015. This means taking important decisions not only on what qualifies as official development assistance (ODA), but also on how those flows can be most strategically used.

Mon, 15 Dec 2014 15:51:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

Find out how the OECD participated in the 20th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 20) which took place from 1-12 December in Lima, Peru.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 17:43:00 GMT

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Sweden 2014

This report is the third OECD review of Sweden’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on Sweden's longstanding commitment to mitigating emissions of greenhouse gases and its management of marine ecosystem services and water.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 12:09:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

Held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum focused on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion included the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and....

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 17:16:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

This meeting addressed green growth policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, water governance in line with green economy requirements, and reporting on the Task Force programme implementation and plans for 2015.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:00:00 GMT

The Ripple Effect: Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Insights blog

The world is facing unprecedented stresses, and we are going to need an unprecedented response. We’re doing our best to help create that response at the OECD.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

US banks pass first 'stress test'

All 31 US banks have passed the first hurdle in the Federal Reserve's latest round of annual "stress tests" to see how they would cope in the next economic crisis.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 01:15:17 GMT

Chinese firm buys 5% of Thomas Cook

Chinese conglomerate Fosun, which owns Club Med, buys a 5% stake in UK travel group of Thomas Cook.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 07:43:47 GMT

Asia shares up ahead of US jobs data

Most Asian markets were higher on Friday as investors wait for the key monthly US jobs report.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 07:02:23 GMT

Banker lost job 'after risk fears'

A banker who claims he lost his job after raising concerns about his employer will have his case heard at a full employment tribunal hearing after losing a preliminary hearing.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 21:42:15 GMT

ECB raises eurozone growth forecast

The European Central Bank raises this year's growth forecast for the eurozone to 1.5%, and says it will begin its quantitative easing programme next week.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 16:45:18 GMT

Brazil raises rates to six-year high

Brazil's central bank lifts interest rates to a six-year high of 12.75% in an attempt to restrain inflation.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 08:56:03 GMT

McDonald's in antibiotic chicken move

The world's biggest restaurant chain, McDonald's, is to phase out the use of chicken injected with antibiotics important to human medicine.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:19:37 GMT

Hotel chain confirms hack attack

Hotel chain Mandarin Oriental has confirmed that credit card data has been stolen in a hack attack on the company's network.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 15:45:48 GMT

AbbVie in $21bn drug firm takeover

US drugmaker AbbVie says it will buy cancer drug specialist Pharmacyclics for $21bn.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 11:34:47 GMT

UK rates mark six years at 0.5%

UK interest rates are kept unchanged again by the Bank of England, meaning they have now been at their record low of 0.5% for six years.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:47:59 GMT

Fraud office probes Bank auctions

The Serious Fraud Office is investigating liquidity auctions held by the Bank of England during the financial crisis, the Bank says.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 11:44:55 GMT

Oligarch given North Sea deadline

Russian oligarch Mikhail Fridman has seven days to convince the UK government not to force him to sell newly acquired oil and gas assets in the North Sea.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 19:52:01 GMT

China shares fall on growth target

Shares in China fall after the country's government sets its official growth target at 7% for this year.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 09:09:32 GMT

Virgin Money profits more than double

Virgin Money, the financial services provider which floated on the stock market in November, reports "record performance and profits" for 2014.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 09:20:54 GMT

India surprises with second rate cut

The Reserve Bank of India cuts its key interest rate, in a surprise move for the second time this year.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 05:07:19 GMT

EU puts off end to roaming charges

EU governments defy the European Parliament by deciding that roaming charges for mobile phone users should remain at least until the end of 2018.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 18:12:31 GMT

VIDEO: Japan seeks to reboot innovation

Mariko Oi reports from Japan on the country's quest to rediscover its innovative spirit with "game-changing" products.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 20:39:49 GMT

VIDEO: Argentina's art-loving property magnate

Eduardo Costantini has built large swathes of Buenos Aires, but it is his art collection that is his passion.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 00:07:11 GMT

VIDEO: Conjuring up some India budget magic

As Narendra Modi's government presents its first full budget, the BBC's Sameer Hashmi dons his magician's outfit to explain why India's economy could use a little magic.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 20:35:56 GMT

VIDEO: African doll in a Barbie world

Taofick Okoya sells up to 9,000 of his Queens of Africa dolls a month and claims to command about 15% of the market.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 08:00:38 GMT

VIDEO: The oil price drop - in 90 seconds

BBC News looks at why oil prices have been falling, and what the impact has been.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 00:00:06 GMT

VIDEO: Is fashion feminist?

A fashion academic explores the exploitation and celebration of women by the fashion industry.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 05:53:13 GMT

VIDEO: Drone boss: 'I get a lot of support'

Mexican Jordi Munoz started his company while waiting for a green card - now it's one of the biggest commercial drone makers in the world

Mon, 23 Feb 2015 00:16:16 GMT

VIDEO: Japan's economy: Seaweed lessons

Mariko Oi visits the fishing town of Futtsu in Chiba province and looks at its struggling seaweed industry.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 00:57:40 GMT

L'Oreal to change 'bad at maths' ad

A numeracy charity's challenge prompts beauty giant L'Oreal to change an advert boasting about not being good at maths.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 15:13:33 GMT

Passport website sues its customers

An unofficial passport website has sued more than 150 of its own customers after they tried to cancel or refused to pay believing they had been misled.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 13:53:19 GMT

Tinder to charge over-28s more

Dating app Tinder announces it will charge the over-28s nearly four times as much for its premium features as it does younger users in the UK.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 21:28:48 GMT

EU-US trade deal text leaked to BBC

A leaked draft of what the European Union wants excluded from a new trade deal with the United States is obtained by the BBC.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 15:51:28 GMT

Southwest forced to ground planes

US airline Southwest briefly grounds some flights after missing safety checks, but US regulators rule it can continue flying the uninspected planes for five days.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 16:26:40 GMT

UK government sells Eurostar stake

The UK government says it is selling its 40% stake in the cross-Channel train operator Eurostar to an Anglo-Canadian consortium for £757.1m.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 14:15:20 GMT

Ukraine raises interest rates to 30%

Ukraine's central bank sharply raises interest rates from 19.5% to 30% in an effort to curb inflation and prop up its beleaguered currency.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 19:08:36 GMT

Oligarch buys North Sea oil assets

German energy company RWE Dea has closed the sale of 12 North Sea oil and gas fields to a Russian oligarch.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 15:40:49 GMT

Ghana to receive $1bn loan from IMF

Ghana has secured a $1bn loan from the International Monetary Fund that could stabilise its troubled economy.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 19:14:32 GMT

South African budget raises taxes

South Africa's budget raises taxes and cuts spending as the government tries to restore growth to an economy hit by power shortages, strikes and high unemployment

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 15:36:29 GMT

IMF gives Kenya $700m insurance loan

The International Monetary Fund agrees to lend $700m (£460m) to Kenya, which the government had asked for as a precautionary measure.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 16:30:33 GMT

Australia economy grows 2.5% on year

Australia's economy grew 2.5% in the fourth quarter from a year earlier, marking its slowest pace of annual growth last year.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 01:24:59 GMT

Singapore 'world's priciest city'

For the second year running, Singapore tops the list as the world's most expensive city to live in, says the Economist Intelligence Unit.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 22:07:17 GMT

China's shares rise after rate cut

Shares in China remained up on Monday after the mainland's central bank unexpectedly cut interest rates for the second time since November.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 07:46:02 GMT

Rangers shareholders gather for EGM

Rangers' extraordinary general meeting at Ibrox on Friday is expected to be swift, but with far-reaching consequences for the club.

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 06:18:33 GMT

Jockey Club plans record prize money

The Jockey Club says it will increase its contribution towards prize money at its 15 racecourses to a record £19.9m in 2015

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 14:40:22 GMT

Durban eyes Olympic prize after Commonwealth

The South African city of Durban is all set to host the 2022 Commonwealth Games - and it is already aiming for the Olympics.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 11:25:42 GMT

The art-loving property developer

How Argentine investor, property developer and art collector, Eduardo Costantini, built up his business and made a fortune.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 00:07:18 GMT

Argentina's love affair with polo

Polo is one of the most popular sports in Argentina, yet unlike football or rugby most of the businesses that keep the game going are small homegrown companies.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 00:08:17 GMT

The reality of becoming your own boss

Becoming your own boss is many people's dream, but what's it really like to start a business from scratch?

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 00:05:53 GMT

BA owner reports soaring profits

International Airlines Group (IAG) reports a big jump in annual profits and raises its forecast for 2015 after a "remarkable" turnaround at Spanish airline Iberia.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 13:27:58 GMT

Airbus reports big rise in profits

Aviation firm Airbus reports a big jump in full-year profits despite setting aside €551m (£401m) for delays on its A400M military aircraft.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 16:45:01 GMT

Currency losses clip AirAsia's wings

AirAsia, one of Asia's most successful carriers, has posted its first net loss in two years, citing currency exchange losses and higher taxes.

Fri, 27 Feb 2015 00:51:49 GMT

Aston Martin targets female buyers

Aston Martin plans to broaden its range of cars to include new sportscars and a small SUV, to attract younger and female buyers.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 10:59:04 GMT

VIDEO: 'Green supercar' unveiled in Geneva

An "environmentally friendly" supercar has been unveiled at Geneva's International Motor Show.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 17:51:55 GMT

Lotus pins profit hopes on new model

Troubled car manufacturer Lotus says it hopes the launch of its new supercar will prompt a turnaround in the company's fortunes.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 20:36:20 GMT

Banking on the internet-only revolution

The online-only banking revolution

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 00:01:21 GMT

The Lean In impact on US women

What impact has Lean In had on women?

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:01:03 GMT

Aston Martin battles to reinvent itself

Aston Martin's battle to reinvent itself

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:01:55 GMT

Attracting foreign entrepreneurs

How countries are competing to attract foreign entrepreneurs

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:01:47 GMT

Wind turbines take to the skies

Is wind power coming of age?

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:01:31 GMT

When an ordinary car is not enough

When an ordinary car just isn't good enough

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 00:13:54 GMT

Carmakers face challenge from tech giants

Carmakers face a challenge from Google and Apple

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 00:12:57 GMT

University feeds 270,000 taking refuge from Boko Haram

University feeds 270,000 taking refuge from Boko Haram

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 00:14:25 GMT

Rebooting innovation in Japan

What has happened to Japan's inventors?

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 20:00:45 GMT

Is the era of free electricity approaching?

Is the era of free electricity approaching?

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 00:00:07 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai appoints eminent specialist to lead research and education programmes in the Middle East

(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, one of the region's leading specialist eye care providers, has appointed Associate Professor Dr. Vinod Gauba as...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:06:20 GMT

RTA hosts preparation meeting for GCC Traffic Week

(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) The Roads and Transport Authority, RTA, has hosted a team meeting in preparation for this year's GCC Traffic Week, which will be held from 8th...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:05:14 GMT

Sharjah Wedding Show opens

(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) The 10th edition of the region's wedding fair, The Perfect Wedding Show, got under way yesterday at the Expo Centre Sharjah.Catering for the s...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:04:55 GMT

Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Pakistani PM discuss cooperation

(MENAFN - Emirates News Agency (WAM)) Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, has held talks with the Pakistani Prime Minister, Muhammad Nawaz Sharif....

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 02:04:34 GMT

Dubai's Emaar Properties registers USD234.36m net profit in Q4

(MENAFN) Dubai's Emaar Properties registered a USD234.36 million net profit in the fourth quarter of 2014, compared to USD205.78 million year-on-year, Arabian Business reported.Rev...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:49:52 GMT

Minister of Culture and Information opens Riyadh Int'l Book Fair

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Under the patronage of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the Minister of Culture and Information Dr. Adel Zaid ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:39:47 GMT

Al-Naimi confirms that the stability of oil markets remains the Kingdom's main pillar of its oil policy 4 Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) He stated that the oil market is an international and developing one. However, it is developing with a slow pace in the current time, he said, adding ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:39:26 GMT

Al-Naimi confirms that the stability of oil markets remains the Kingdom's main pillar of its oil policy 3 Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) However, facts on the ground are different, he said, explaining that non-OPEC producers are now pumping more than they were doing in the 1980s of last...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:39:12 GMT

Al-Naimi confirms that the stability of oil markets remains the Kingdom's main pillar of its oil policy 2 Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) During the current oil price falls, OPEC and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in particular, were subject to detrimental and unfair criticism due to what ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:38:56 GMT

Al-Naimi confirms that the stability of oil markets remains the Kingdom's main pillar of its oil policy

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Eng. Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, confirmed that the stability of oil markets remains the Kingdom's main pil...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:38:42 GMT

Omani Foreign Affairs Minister Arrives in Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Yousef bin Alawe bin Abdullah, Foreign Affairs Minister of the Sultanate of Oman, and the accompanying delegation arrived in Riyadh today to participa...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:38:25 GMT

Deputy Crown Prince receives UAE FM

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Naif bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Second Deputy Premier and Minister of Interior, received at his office at the Ministry of...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:38:10 GMT

Al-Hilal loses 0-1 to Al-Sadd of Qatar in Asia soccer champions tournament

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Al-Hilal of Saudi Arabia lost 0-1 to Al-Sadd of Qatar in Asia soccer champions tournament at a match held in Doha today.Khalfan Ibrahim scored for Al-...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:37:56 GMT

Prince Mohammed bin Salman chairs the Economic and Development Affairs Council meeting

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz, member of the Cabinet, and Chairman of the Economic and Development Affairs Council, chaired the councilâ‚...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:37:35 GMT

King of Jordan and Libyan Premier hold talks

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) King Abdullah II of Jordan met in Amman today with Libya's Caretaker Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thini whereas the two sides discussed bilateral relati...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:37:18 GMT

Iraqi FM meets his Canadian counterpart

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Iraq's Foreign Minister Ibrahim Al-Jaafari met in Baghdad today with his Canadian counterpart Robert Nixon who is currently on a visit to Iraq.During ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:36:57 GMT

Kingdom Reiterates Its Commitment to Its Sovereign Right to Apply Capital Punishment Rule

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reiterated adherence to its sovereign right to apply capital punishment, which takes into account the observance of the ri...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:35:51 GMT

Director of Equestrian Club Thanks King Salman for Accepting Club's Presidency

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Director General of Equestrian Club Adel bin Abdullah Al Mazroa thanked the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud for a...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:35:11 GMT

UAE Foreign Minister Arrives in Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) United Arab Emirates Minister of Foreign Affairs Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan and his accompanying delegation arrived in Riyadh today to partic...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:34:31 GMT

National Guard Minister Visits Patients Inmated in King Abdulaziz Medical City

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Prince Mutib bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, Minister of National Guard, visited King Abdulaziz Medical city to ger reassured of the burnt child, Ryan bi...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:33:53 GMT

U.N. Says Algeria to Host Libya Talks

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) The United Nations said Wednesday that representatives of Libyan leaders have been invited for talks next week in Algeria as part of efforts to resolv...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:32:54 GMT

President of Korea Leaves Riyadh

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) President Park Geun-hye of the Republic of Korea left Riyadh after an official visit to the Kingdom.At King Khalid International Airport, the Presiden...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:31:04 GMT

Saudi, Korean Officials Hold Second Round Table Meeting

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Saudi-Korean Ministerial Round Table Meeting for Nuclear Energy Cooperation is held here today.The Saudi side was represented by President of King Abd...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:30:25 GMT

Deputy Emir of Qatar Receives President General of Youth Welfare

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Deputy Emir of the State of Qatar, Sheikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al Thani, received here today Prince Abdullah bin Musaed bin Abdulaziz, President General...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:29:23 GMT

Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Sources Receives German Minister of Economics and Energy

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Saudi Minister of Petrol and Mineral Sources, Eng. Ali bin Ibrahim Al Nuaimi, received here today German Minister of Economics and Energy, Sigmar Gabr...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:29:00 GMT

Ministerial Meeting is Held between KACARE, Korean Ministry of Science, Information Technology

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE) held here today a ministerial meeting with the Korean Ministry of Science, Information and...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:28:39 GMT

Parliamentary Friendship Committee of Majlis Al-Shura Meets with Mexican Ambassador

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) The Saudi-Mexican Parliamentary Friendship Committee led by Dr. Khalid bin Ibrahim Al-Awad met here yesterday with Mexican ambassador to the Kingdom o...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:28:13 GMT

Korean President Receives President of King Abdullah City for Renewal Energy

(MENAFN - Saudi Press Agency) Korean President Park Geun-hye received here today President of King Abdullah City for Renewal Energy Dr. Hashim Abdu Yamani.During the meeting, they ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:27:52 GMT

Saudi, S. Korea sign MoU on nuclear energy

(MENAFN) Saudi Arabia signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with South Korea for fostering more cooperation on the development of nuclear energy, Reuters reported.The MoU enta...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:22:56 GMT

Dubai to build 'Museum of the Future'

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Dubai on Wednesday announced plans to build an oval ring-shaped "Museum of the Future" to showcase innovation and solutions to challenges facing cities of ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 01:07:19 GMT

Qatar- Muhammad, Israr to clash in Doha Junior Open semis

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Top seed Muhammad Asim Khan will take on Israr Ahmad in an all-Pakistan semi-final clash in the Under-19 section of the Doha Junior Open while Sandeep Rama...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:35:44 GMT

Qatar- Malakhova, Collin emerge on top at Total Cup

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Gildas Collin and Svetlana Malakhova, winners in the men's and women's section of the Total Cup, pose for a picture along with Casey Dellacqua, the World N...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:33:31 GMT

Poret fastest in Doha practice

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Race officials at the Qatar Marine Sports Federation (QMSF) revised the timetable for the UIM-ABP Aquabike Grand Prix of Qatar on Doha Bay yesterday and th...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:31:25 GMT

Doha Bank meet approves issuance of QR2bn Tier 1 capital instruments

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) The extraordinary general assembly (EGM) of Doha Bank yesterday gave approval to the bank to issue Tier 1 capital instruments worth QR2bn. The issuance of ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:28:19 GMT

Qatari-Russian joint committee holds first meet

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatari -Russian joint committee for trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation held its first meeting here yesterday.Chaired by H E Dr Mohammed ...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:28:00 GMT

Qatar Airways interested in more buyouts

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Airways would like to raise its stake in the owner of British Airways and Iberia at some point and may invest in other well-run airlines, its chief e...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:27:25 GMT

Egypt warns women against marrying IS fighters online

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Egypt's state-sponsored Islamic authority warned women Wednesday against marrying fighters from the Islamic State group online, saying such unions would pu...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:26:49 GMT

Egypt upholds police sentence over death that stirred Mubarak revolt

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) An Egyptian court upheld a 10-year prison sentence on Wednesday imposed on two policemen for torturing an activist to death in 2010, judicial sources said,...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:26:03 GMT

Bomb explosion kills many in Syria

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Dozens were killed Wednesday when Syrian rebels set off a powerful tunnel explosion targeting an intelligence headquarters in Aleppo and clashed with regim...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:24:56 GMT

Abbas says talks with Israel still on table

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas said Wednesday talks with Israel are still on the table, despite moves against the Jewish state at the UN and numerous f...

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 12:24:17 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

Early gender gaps drive career choices and employment opportunities, says OECD

Education systems have made major strides to close gender gaps in student performance but girls and boys remain deeply divided in career choices, which are being made much earlier than commonly thought, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

New approach needed to tackle mental ill-health at work, says OECD

Health and employment services should intervene earlier, involve key stakeholders and ensure they work together in order to help people with mental-health issues find work and stay in a job, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 04 Mar 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Publicación del Informe de la OCDE Estadísticas Tributarias en América Latina y el Caribe 2015

El informe de este año examina las tendencias de ingresos fiscales de 1990 a 2013 en 20 economías latinoamericanas, con dos capítulos especiales. En el primero se considera una metodología alternativa para contabilizar los ingresos fiscales. En el segundo se exponen las tendencias de los ingresos procedentes de recursos naturales no renovables en países latinoamericanos.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:19:00 GMT

Release of OECD Revenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2015

This year’s report looks at tax revenue trends from 1990 to 2013 in 20 Latin American economies. A special chapter in the report considers alternatives to current accounting methods for government fiscal revenues. A second special chapter analyses trends in revenues from non-renewable natural resources in some Latin American countries.

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 11:11:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 March 2015

Falling energy prices push OECD annual inflation down to 0.5% in January 2015

Tue, 03 Mar 2015 09:23:00 GMT

Spain needs to further factor the environment into its recovery agenda, says OECD

The OECD’s latest Environmental Performance Review of Spain finds the country has decreased the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, reduced industrial pollution and cut per-capita waste generation since 2000.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:02:00 GMT

España necesita integrar más el medio ambiente en su programa de recuperación económica, según la OCDE

La última Evaluación de la OCDE del desempeño ambiental de España concluye que, desde 2000, se ha reducido la intensidad de la economía en consumo de energía y carbono, ha descendido la contaminación industrial y se ha recortado la generación de residuos per cápita.

Mon, 02 Mar 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Fifth Annual High-Level Anti-Corruption Conference for G20 Governments and Business : Placing integrity at the heart of business culture - 6 March 2015

With inclusiveness, implementation and investment at the centre of Turkey’s G20 Presidency, the fight against corruption is instrumental to ensure all businesses, from small and medium-sized firms to multinational enterprises, play their part in contributing to growth and investment, and can operate with clean hands in a safe environment.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Latvia, OECD says

The Latvian economy is among the fastest-growing in the euro area, but continued reforms will promote a rapid and sustainable pace of convergence with upper-income countries while limiting the risk of repeated boom-and-bust cycles, according to the OECD Economic Survey of Latvia.

Wed, 25 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

The UK economy is doing well, but the job is not yet finished. Unleashing productivity is key to sustaining strong growth, says OECD

The United Kingdom’s economy is projected to expand this year and next, but challenges remain to boost productivity and make future growth more inclusive, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth slows marginally to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2014

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 16:05:00 GMT

Italia: Le riforme assicurano nuove prospettive per rilanciare la crescita e l’occupazione – OCSE

Cambiare il quadro politico-istituzionale in Italia è fondamentale per garantire che le ambiziose riforme in corso rilancino la crescita e aumentino la qualità della vita, secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Italy: Reforms open new prospects for growth and jobs – OECD

Changes to Italy’s political and institutional systems are crucial to ensuring the success of ambitious reforms currently underway to boost economic growth and raise living standards, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 19 Feb 2015 10:30:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2015

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.1% in December 2014

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Ambitious reforms can create a growth path that is both strong and inclusive, OECD says

Determined and systemic action to implement a comprehensive reform agenda across a wide range of policy areas offers governments the best chance to boost weak demand, restore healthy economic growth, create jobs and ensure that the gains are broadly shared across society, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

OECD: “İddialı reformlar hem güçlü hem kapsayıcı bir büyüme süreci başlatabilir”

OECD’nin yayınladığı en son Büyümeye Geçiş raporuna göre kapsamlı bir reform gündemi doğrultusunda kararlı ve sistemli adımların atılması hükümetlere, zayıf talebi canlandırmak, sağlıklı ekonomik büyümeyi canlandırmak, iş olanakları yaratmak ve kazanımları toplumun her kesimine ulaştırmak için fırsatlar sunmaktadır.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2015

Composite leading indicators point to tentative signs of a positive change in growth momentum in the euro area

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 09:16:00 GMT

First steps towards implementation of OECD/G20 efforts against tax avoidance by multinationals

The agreed mandate authorises the formation of an ad-hoc negotiating group, open to participation from all states. The group will be hosted by the OECD and will hold its first meeting by July 2015, with an aim to conclude drafting by 31 December 2016.

Fri, 06 Feb 2015 16:42:00 GMT

Reforms can support growth and equity in Belgium, OECD says

The Belgian economy has returned to growth and continues scoring well on broader measures of well-being, but further reforms will be needed to secure fiscal sustainability while promoting employment and competitiveness, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Belgium 2015.

Wed, 04 Feb 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 February 2015

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.1% in December 2014 reflecting sharp fall in energy prices

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:41:00 GMT

Reforms needed to boost productivity and accelerate convergence in Estonia, OECD says

The underlying strengths of the Estonian economy have helped it bounce back from the crisis, but some challenges remain to finding a steeper, more inclusive and more sustainable growth path, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Estonia.

Wed, 28 Jan 2015 14:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Kazakhstan – Signs Kazakhstan Country Programme Agreement

The OECD and the Government of Kazakhstan are signing today in Davos a Memorandum of Understanding on a two-year Country Programme, which will support an ambitious set of reforms of Kazakhstan’s policies and institutions.

Thu, 22 Jan 2015 11:31:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate increases to 65.7% in third quarter of 2014

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 16:46:00 GMT

Success of education reforms threatened by lack of oversight, says OECD

Governments around the world are under growing pressure to improve their education systems. Rising spending is increasingly being matched by reforms to help disadvantaged children, invest in teachers and improve vocational training. But a widespread lack of evaluation of the impact of these reforms could hinder their effectiveness and hurt educational outcomes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

El éxito de las reformas educativas se ve amenazado por la falta de supervisión, declara la OCDE

Los gobiernos de todo el mundo se encuentran bajo una creciente presión de mejorar sus sistemas educativos. El aumento del gasto se acompaña cada vez más de reformas para ayudar a estudiantes desfavorecidos, invertir en la fuerza docente y mejorar la formación vocacional.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 13:00:00 GMT

Japan can do more to encourage smooth transition of laid-off workers back into jobs, says OECD

Japan could help laid-off workers find a job more quickly by improving co-ordination between public employment services and companies, as well as ensuring that all workers benefit from adequate Employment Insurance (EI) benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Jan 2015 11:22:00 GMT

Austria should set timeframe for 0.7% development aid target, says OECD

Austria should set a timeframe to increase its aid budget in line with a pledge to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) to development aid, according to an OECD Review.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Still too much variation in health care quality across Italian regions, says new OECD report

Italy has significantly improved the quality of health care in recent decades but needs to tackle the wide disparities that remain between regions, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Persistenti disparità regionali nella qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria tra le regioni italiane secondo il nuovo rapporto OCSE

L’Italia ha migliorato notevolmente la qualità dell’assistenza sanitaria negli ultimi decenni, ma deve affrontare le permanenti forti disparità che permangono tra le regioni, secondo un nuovo rapporto OCSE.

Thu, 15 Jan 2015 10:00:00 GMT

Colombia needs a comprehensive tax reform to boost investment and diversify the economy, OECD says

The Colombian economy has done remarkably well over the last decade, consistently ranking among the fastest-growing countries in Latin America, but a comprehensive tax reform that promotes investment and diversifies the economy is now needed to put the country on a path toward stronger, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Colombia.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 17:18:00 GMT

Presentación del Estudio Económico, lunes 19 de enero del 2015 en Bogotá

n el último Estudio Económico de Colombia de la OCDE, que se publicará el lunes 19 de enero del 2015, se analiza el desempeño del país durante la última década en materia de crecimiento y reducción de la pobreza, impulsado por el boom del petróleo y la minería y la solidez del marco monetario, fiscal y financiero.

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 15:54:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: third quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2014

Wed, 14 Jan 2015 09:52:00 GMT

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Secretary-General Gurría brings forward his return to France to join President Hollande and other leaders in the Unity March against terrorism on Sunday 11 January at 3pm

Sun, 11 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Mexico has a unique opportunity to boost growth and share prosperity more widely, according to the OECD

Mexico now has the chance to dramatically boost growth rates and resume convergence of its living standards towards those of advanced economies, reduce pervasive labour market informality and drive down high rates of poverty and income inequality.

Thu, 08 Jan 2015 17:33:00 GMT

Gurría condemns deadly attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine and sends condolences to President Hollande

Secretary-General Angel Gurría has sent a letter to President François Hollande expressing his condolences and those of all OECD staff following the attack that took place at the headquarters of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, in Paris.

Wed, 07 Jan 2015 19:00:00 GMT

Norway has some good measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but significant weaknesses undermine overall effectiveness, says FATF

Norway has taken some good initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but needs to establish overarching policies and strategies, and address significant weaknesses in a number of key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 13:25:00 GMT

Argentina seriously non-compliant with key articles of Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery doubts Argentina’s commitment to fight foreign bribery. Argentina still has no law to punish companies for foreign bribery or prosecute its citizens who commit this crime abroad. Widespread delays continue to plague complex economic crime investigations.

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs edge up to 0.2% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 18 Dec 2014 09:58:00 GMT

UK should keep foreign aid at commendable 0.7% level, says OECD

The United Kingdom has done well to increase its development spending to 0.72% of gross national income despite a challenging budget climate and should strive to maintain that level of aid for the years ahead, according to a new OECD Review.

Wed, 17 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee says excess capacity and trade friction risks cloud industry outlook

Excess capacity in steel as growth in investment projects outpaces demand will pose risks for the sector for the foreseeable future, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Cape Town on 12 December 2014. The risk of trade conflicts in the industry also appears to have increased of late, they said, and Committee members discussed options for closer co-operation to try and prevent disputes.

Fri, 12 Dec 2014 16:54:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 15:37:00 GMT

Tax revenues rebounding from the crisis but tax mix varying widely, OECD says

Tax burdens and revenue collection in advanced economies are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis, but the tax mix continues varying widely across countries, according to new OECD research published today.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 00:24:00 GMT

International Anti-Corruption Day

As part of the International Anti-Corruption Day, the OECD has joined Member and Partner countries and other International Organisations in raising awareness about the costs and detrimental effects of corruption.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: December 2014

OECD unemployment rate at 7.2% in October 2014

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 16:26:00 GMT

Better education and skills are key to shift the economy up a gear, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

Latin America’s GDP growth rate has slowed down in 2014, dropping below 1.5%. This is the first time in a decade that the region grows less than the OECD average, according to the OECD Development Centre, the Commission for Latin American and the Caribbean and the development bank for Latin America. Given the projections in the past weeks, any recovery in 2015 is likely to be challenging.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 15:30:00 GMT

Inequality hurts economic growth, finds OECD research

Reducing income inequality would boost economic growth, according to new OECD analysis. This work finds that countries with lower income inequality grow faster than those with higher inequality.

Tue, 09 Dec 2014 00:10:00 GMT

Economic stagnation compounds demographic pressure on pension systems, says OECD

Low growth, low interest rates and low returns on investment linked to the slow global economy are now compounding the problems of population ageing for both public and private pension systems, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, December 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued loss of growth momentum in Europe

Mon, 08 Dec 2014 09:29:00 GMT

Spain has strong measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing but improvements needed, says FATF

Spain has created a strong system to combat money laundering and terrorist financing, but improvements are needed in certain key areas, according to a new report by the Financial Action Task Force.

Fri, 05 Dec 2014 14:19:00 GMT

Assessing tax levels and the tax mix in OECD countries: Revenue Statistics 2014 and Consumption Tax Trends 2014 to launch on Wednesday 10 December 2014, 00:01 a.m. (CET)

Tax burdens and revenue collection across the OECD countries are reaching record levels not seen since before the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, the tax mix continues varying widely across the advanced economies.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 11:15:00 GMT

Inequalities in health and access to quality care persist in Europe, shows a new OECD/EC report

Today, Europeans enjoy a much longer life expectancy than the previous generation, but large inequalities in health remain across and within countries. These are largely due to disparities in access to and quality of care, as well as individual lifestyles and behaviours, according to a new joint OECD/European Commission report.

Wed, 03 Dec 2014 10:01:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 December 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 1.7% in October 2014

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:48:00 GMT

Ireland focusing its development aid on neediest countries, says OECD

Ireland is one of the best performing donors when it comes to directing its development aid to the world’s neediest countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 15:00:00 GMT

Scale of international bribery laid bare by new OECD report

Most international bribes are paid by large companies, usually with the knowledge of senior management, according to new OECD analysis of the cost of foreign bribery and corruption.

Tue, 02 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

The Netherlands should do more to help workers with mental ill-health, says OECD

The Netherlands should increase support for workers suffering from mental health issues and their employers and tackle the continued social stigma and limited knowledge around such illnesses, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants

On the occasion of the OECD High Level Policy Forum on Migration taking place on December 1 and 2 2014, Secretary General Angel Gurria congratulates President Obama on taking action to address the unsustainable situation of undocumented immigrants.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 12:39:00 GMT

Shifts in migration underline need for policy reform, says OECD

The increasing number of people moving within the European Union is driving the rise in migration registered in OECD countries, after several years of decline caused by the crisis. High skilled migration and humanitarian movements to OECD countries are also increasing. Migration policies need to keep pace with these changes, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría commends Greece’s reforms at meeting with Minister Skrekas

Meeting Greece’s Minister of Development and Competitiveness Mr. Kostas Skrekas today, OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría said the Greek government’s reform programme was already showing positive results.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 15:26:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Most Asia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD

Countries in the Asia/Pacific region need to step up their efforts to give more people access to affordable, quality health care. Too many people, especially women, cannot get the medical treatment they need due to high costs, difficulties in getting permission to see a doctor or a lack of health care providers in rural areas, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Stronger policy response needed to avoid risks to growth, especially in the euro area, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

Modest global economic forecasts, continuing high unemployment, and downshifts in potential output,should spur governments with a greater sense of urgency to fully employ monetary, fiscal and structural policy levers to support growth, notably in Europe, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 08:43:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

On the cusp of a genuinely transformative agenda?

Four parallel but interrelated negotiation processes are currently underway in the multilateral sphere - on the post-2015 development agenda, on climate change, on an update of the women's agenda, and on financing for development. If all went well, there could be a unified, global agenda for sustainable development by December 2015. If not, the situation will continue to deteriorate.

Public-private partnerships and infrastructure

The popularity of public-private partnerships (PPPs) to support infrastructure development in emerging countries is growing worldwide. PPPs' new appeal may redefine not just development economics, but also the overall relationship between rich and poor countries - though not necessarily for the better.

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Risk-efficient Planting Schedules for Corn in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines

<p>The study was conducted to identify risk-efficient cropping schedules for corn farmers in Matalom, Leyte, Philippines using stochastic dominance analysis of simulated yields, given the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forecasts during the cropping period. Actual weather data, with missing observations estimated using a weather generating software, were used in constructing weather data sets. These data, together with crop parameters and soil characteristics in the study site, were used as inputs to generate probability distributions of yields during different planting schedules. The simulated yield distributions were classified according to the ENSO phases prevailing during the cropping period. Stochastic dominance analysis was applied on the yield distributions to determine the first-degree stochastic dominance (FSD) set and the second-degree stochastic dominance (SSD) set. Finally, stochastic dominance with respect to a function (SDWRF) was applied on the SSD set to identify risk-efficient schedules at different levels of risk aversion. Risk-efficient schedules were identified for each cropping season and under each ENSO phase. It was found out that some June-July schedules (during the first season) and some December schedules (during the second season) are more risk-efficient than traditional schedules.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:55:39 GMT

Corn Farmers’ Decisionmaking Based on Seasonal Climate Forecasts

<p>Although our ability to predict climate conditions has improved significantly, farmers` use of climate information and forecasts in farming decisions and practices has changed a little. Part of the reasons is the lack of communication of innovations like the seasonal climate forecasts (SCFs). Today, efforts are being initiated to motivate farmers to integrate SCF into their farm decisionmaking. This study was conducted to serve as basis in designing a communication campaign on SCF. Data were gathered in Malaybalay, Bukidnon through focus group discussions, decisionmaking workshops, and interviews with farmers cultivating at least a hectare of corn. In the decisionmaking workshop, farmers were asked to assume hypothetical situations, given a climate forecast for the current years` cropping season, and requested to decide their farming activities based on the climate forecasts. Results showed the popularity of SCF among the farmers. However, farmers depended more on their indigenous climate forecasting than on the SCF. Farmers considered climate forecasts as nonprobabilistic and said that they find it difficult to understand these forecasts. For better understanding, they suggested that climate forecasts use simple words and be downscaled to their locality. Utilizing description-based decisions, their decisions were aimed at maximizing profits and minimizing cost.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:51:56 GMT

Incorporating Regional Rice Production Models in a Simulation Model of Rice Importation: A Discrete Stochastic Programming Approach

<p>In the Philippines, importation has remained as one of the most feasible options for the government to meet the growing demand for rice. It is thus imperative for the government to develop a strategy that would ensure adequate supply and minimum importation costs. One of the critical factors in import decisionmaking is rice production. The Inter-Agency Committee on Rice and Corn (IACRC), of which the National Food Authority (NFA) and the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS) are members, decides on importation when there is an impending production shortfall in the coming season. However, because Philippine agriculture is vulnerable to extreme climate events and climate change is expected to further intensify climate variability, rice production forecast is becoming more uncertain. Inaccurate production forecasts could lead to incorrect volume and ill-timing of rice imports, which in turn, could result in either a waste of resources for the government or a burden to consumers. Contraction of rice imports in the early 1990s and over-importation in 1998 illustrate how inaccurate forecasts of the volume and timing of rice importation, especially during El Nino and La Nina years, could result in substantial economic costs. This paper evaluates the significance of seasonal climate forecast (SCF) in rice policy decisions of the government, particularly on importation. It presents an alternative method of forecasting the level of rice production through regional rice production models. The rice production models systematically incorporate SCF and could be used in support of the current practice of forecasting rice production based on planting intentions. The paper also demonstrates how SCF, together with these production estimates, could be incorporated in the rice import decisions of the government through the Rice Importation Simulation (RIS) model, which was developed using a Discrete Stochastic Programming (DSP) modeling approach. The RIS model, which recommends a set of optimal rice import strategies, could serve as guide for the government in its rice import decisions in the face of seasonal climate variability and could be used in estimating the potential value of SCF.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:47:12 GMT

Policy Options for Rice and Corn Farmers in the Face of Seasonal Climate Variability

<p>In the face of seasonal climate variability, the smallholder farmers, particularly those in rural communities, are among the most adversely affected. As a way to address this, together with concern on low productivity, the Philippine government has been implementing a range of risk management programs for farmers and other agricultural stakeholders. Based on key informant surveys and focus group discussions conducted in key producing areas in the country, rice and corn farmers reported that they still have limited options in terms of changing their production decisions in response to seasonal climate forecasts. Among the risk mitigation tools available, the following emerged as most preferred by farmers: localized climate information; accessible credit; crop insurance; and special assistance programs such as irrigation and seeds provision. This paper tackles these programs in detail and discusses the challenges besetting these programs. The paper also presents some policy options which could enhance the delivery of these agricultural services in pursuit of improved productivity and welfare in target farming communities in the country.</p>

05 Mar 2015 17:42:04 GMT

A survey report on the application of bond and bail legislation in Zambia

<p>This survey was conducted to collect information on factors affecting access and conditions regarding bail among people found to be in conflict with the law in Zambia. The survey was conducted for a period of six months in all ten provinces of the country. The findings of this study are meant to provide a basis for the review of current bail legislation relating to bail conditions in Zambia by promoting easy access for suspects or inmates to bail regardless of their social and economic conditions.</p><p>The findings include:</p><ul><li>on average suspects in Zambia are kept in police custody for fourteen days before they are made to appear before the court. The survey has shown that in Lusaka suspects were kept in police custody for about 22 days. Eastern province had the least detention days of 6 day</li><li>about 30% of the remandees indicated that they have been awaiting judgment for a period of over one year. Two- thirds said they have been awaiting judgment for a period of less than one month. Nearly 6% have been waiting for judgment for at least 9 months</li><li>several reasons explain why few suspects attempted applying for bail. The reasons brought forward included suspects lack of knowledge that they can apply for police bond or bail and; suspects having no working sureties to sign police bond for them. The survey revealed that bail conditions in Zambia are stringent, requiring suspects to provide two working sureties as a condition for granting of bail</li></ul><p>The survey thus revealed that there were challenges at every stage of the criminal justice process that hindered accused persons&rsquo; enjoyment of their due process rights.</p><p>In this regard, the Commission found that the criminal justice system has more often than not failed in its function of ensuring that the rights of the accused are protected with the country falling short of the principles enunciated in the international standards to which it is a party.</p><p>There is therefore need for a thorough review of the existing law regarding the bail and police bond conditions in Zambia as well as the law and processes that regulate the committal of cases to the High Court. In addition to this is the need for sensitisation of the citizenry on the rights to bond and bail in Zambia.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

05 Mar 2015 16:44:25 GMT

Conceptualizing drivers of policy change in agriculture, nutrition, and food security

<p>The current emphasis in the development community on demonstrating policy impact requires a better understanding of national policymaking processes to recognize opportunities for, and limits to, generating<br />policy change. Consequently, this paper introduces an applied framework, named the kaleidoscope model, to analyze drivers of change in the food security arena, with a specific emphasis on agriculture and<br />nutrition policies. Focusing on five key elements of the policy cycle &mdash; agenda setting, design, adoption, implementation, and evaluation and reform&mdash; the model identifies key variables that define the necessary<br />and sufficient conditions for policy change to occur. These variables were inductively derived through an extensive review of the secondary literature on episodes of policy change in developing countries across a<br />broad range of policy domains related to food security, including agriculture, education, healthcare, nutrition, and social protection.<br />The advantages of the framework are at least fourfold. First, it incorporates issues of power and conflict much more than existing operational hypotheses in the donor community. Second, compared with<br />many traditional public policy the ories, it recognizes the importance of external actors, including donors, and the simultaneous influence of interests, ideas, and institutions. Third, it helps trace why a policy fails to be implemented by taking into account where gaps may have existed during other stages of the policy cycle. Finally, it is readily amenable to operationalization and application to a broader set of country case studies. Collectively, the model aspires to improve the relevance of public policy theories to the developing - country context; offer practical recommendations to key partners; and inform ongoing policy<br />change processes, such as the Feed the Future initiative of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).<br />&nbsp;</p>

05 Mar 2015 16:12:46 GMT

Linking nutrition & (integrated) community case management

<p>The objective of this review is to map out and describe operational experiences in linking nutrition and community case management/integrated community case management interventions, with the goal of identifying emerging lessons and identifying gaps in knowledge.<br />The decision to undertake this review was an outcome of a meeting held in London in may 2014 to examine potential linkages between iccm, community Health Workers (cHW), and malnutrition.</p><p>One frequent theme arising throughout the review process, in both the desk review and the key informant interviews, is the primordial importance of context; what works in one country or part of a country may not be appropriate for another. There are a number of other common lessons that arose from this review:</p><ul><li>The profile of the cHW is decisive. The gamut runs from a paid, literate cHW with a relatively small catchment area and a substantial amount of training, to a volunteer, illiterate cHW with a large number of households to cover and one week of training.</li><li>The organisation of work and current responsibilities of cHWs help determine the best approach, for example whether the integration of nutrition activities should build on a health education platform or on a treatment platform.</li><li>A division of responsibilities whereby the cHW who does treatment is complemented by others who do active case-finding, home visits, and/or IYcF messaging has the potential of increasing coverage while not overloading one particular cadre.</li><li>iccm is only one delivery platform; nutrition could be added to others, including the expanded Programme on Immunization and antenatal care activities.</li><li>The political context is also decisive. In places with a high prevalence of acute malnutrition, low access to treatment and poor health infrastructure, for example South Sudan, there is a stronger argument for community-level treatment. At the same time there is more opportunity for the cHW to see acutely malnourished children and thus to practice and retain the relevant skills. The same argument may apply to areas in emergency situations.</li><li>There is a palpable tension between the &ldquo;nutrition&rdquo; and &ldquo;health&rdquo; sectors. This tension relates to available funding (donor attention), funding streams, and management structures. This could be likened to a similar tension often found in iccm between vertical malaria programmes and more horizontal child health programmes in countries. The advantages to both sectors of linking should be clearly articulated, using terminology acceptable by all concerned.</li><li>Other sectors and concerns must be taken into consideration. examples include gender issues (men are family decision-makers), social protection schemes, and food security.</li><li>Key informants agreed that it was reasonable to expect all iccm cHWs to assess, refer and counsel acutely malnourished children. There was agreement amongst a number of respondents that iccm could be an effective platform for reinforcing IYcF messages, strengthening feeding practices during illness, and following up acutely malnourished children.</li><li>respondents brought up the challenges of integrating nutrition and health at the national level, related to coordination across mOH directorates, funding streams, and the challenge of ensuring that useful nutrition indicators were included in the Health management Information System (HmIS).</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 15:58:33 GMT

The diffusion of health knowledge through social networks: an impact evaluation of health knowledge asymmetries on child health

<p>This research is embedded in a larger cluster-randomised control trial that aimed to evaluate the impact of Helen Keller International&rsquo;s Enhanced Homestead Food Production (EHFP) model on the nutritional status of women and young children. EHFP has an agricultural component and a nutrition&nbsp;behaviour-change communication&nbsp;component; the latter uses the Essential Nutrition Action framework to encourage consumption of micro-nutrient rich foods and small animals year-round. This study is set in 55 villages in Fada N&rsquo;Gourma in eastern Burkina Faso.</p><p>Recent evidence has called into question whether such programmes can affect child nutritional status and anaemia. In addition to this knowledge gap, the role that social networks play in influencing the adoption of behaviour change in nutrition interventions has not been widely explored. This study aims to contribute to filling those gaps.</p><p>The key research questions in this study address the role of social networks in diffusing nutrition information among caregivers and to assess whether using (government-coordinated volunteer) health committee members (HCs) or old women leaders (OWLs) have differential impact on the spread and adoption of information and, consequently, feeding behaviours of caregivers and, in turn, the main impacts of interest. These are child nutrition (as captured by height-for-age, weight-for-age and weight-for-height), anaemia and severe anaemia. These outcomes will be measured for children aged between 3 and 12 months or less at baseline.</p>

05 Mar 2015 15:37:22 GMT

First national communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Initial Communication was prepared in fulfillment of Grenada&rsquo;s commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The preparatory process involved a series of consultation meetings and peer reviews by a wide range of stakeholders, aimed at validating the results of the technical analyses and providing inputs into the recommended strategies and actions.</p><p>The country&rsquo;s commitment is evidenced by the Action Plan which was developed to address the key issues identified in the process of preparing this Initial Communication.</p><p>The Action Plan was aimed at initiating processes to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and at formulating a national response to the adverse impacts of climate change on the country.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

05 Mar 2015 15:26:13 GMT

Land grabbing in Latin America: opportunity or threat?

<p>In Latin America, government interventions in land grabbing processes provide some preliminary lessons on dealing with this phenomenon, while highlighting some serious threats.</p><p>This Brief presents cases of land grabbing in Latin America and explores the controversy around this phenomenon. It reviews the causes and characteristics of land grabbing around the world and specifies the ways in which land grabbing in Latin America differs from typical scenarios in Africa and Asia. In particular, this Brief explains the history behind land grabbing for soybean production in the so-called Soybean Republic (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and examines the strategies employed by the Argentine and Brazilian governments to capitalise on economic&nbsp; opportunities presented by the current boom in this sector. The Brief also presents some initial policy responses that are intended to improve state control over foreign land purchases. Finally, it identifies the main enabling factors behind this process and summarises some key policy lessons.</p><p>Key lessons:</p><ul><li>land grabbing is a global phenomenon, yet it is also context specific. Public policy must be based on an understanding of the characteristics and dynamics of land grabs at different scales &ndash; national, regional and global &ndash; in order that this trend can lead to sustainable economic benefits and poverty reduction</li><li>restricting land ownership can control land foreignisation without limiting the potential of the host nation to generate revenue from consolidation processes. This policy is proving to be particularly effective where backed by public investment in research and development</li><li>latin American experience shows that the effectiveness of state intervention in controlling land grabs depends on two main factors: domestic and regional political power and institutional capacity to regulate land transactions and control the agricultural sector</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 12:56:04 GMT

Conflict briefing no. 20, January

<p>The state of insecurity in Nigeria&#39;s North East remained critical as insurgents intensified attacks in the region and launched more &#39;hit and withdraw&#39; attacks in neighbouring Cameroun. Against this background, there were concerns about the prospects of conducting elections in affected states. The political scene was dominated by political campaigns in all states. In Borno and Yobe states campaigns were affected by the security situation following fears that militants will target political rallies. In Plateau state, the PDP has also been weakened by internal crisis arising from the party primaries. Some PDP gubernatorial aspirants have decamped to the AP. In Delta state, some Urhobo politicians have protested the emergence of Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa, the current Delta North senator as the PDP Governorship candidate. Across the region, cult groups either seeking attention of politicians or aligned to them are demonstrating their capacities to unleash violence. This is evidenced in increased armed violence at the community level amongst rival cult gangs. Across the Niger Delta, preoccupation of government officials with campaigns and other political activities have led to the abandonment of development projects intended to improve the quality of lives of the people. For programming that focuses on counter-insurgency as well as de-radicalization and counter-radicalization, it may be important to consider providing additional psychosocial support for communities where young men and women have been forced to participate with JAS violence through conscription.</p><p>The author suggests the following recommendations to tackle with these political, social and economic challenges:</p><ul><li>programmes working on civic education, improved governance and increased transparency should collaborate to reduce potential political violence by strengthening CSOs working at the community and state-levels&nbsp;</li><li>it is recommended to strengthen the Ministry of Health in Northeast states as well as health programming at the community level by rapidly converting training and supplies for healthcare services to community representatives to continue delivering in the absence of additional personal to do so</li></ul><p><strong>[adapted from author]</strong></p>

05 Mar 2015 12:54:08 GMT

Alliances towards a common goal: the role of public-private partnerships in rural development In Latin America

<p>In Latin America, public-private partnerships have proven to be a successful tool for promoting rural development. Adequate coordination and involvement of stakeholders at the local level has been fundamental in achieving positive results.</p><p>Over the last two decades, there has been growing interest in Latin America for using public-private partnerships (PPPs) to catalyse rural development. This has come about largely in response to the failure of state and market-led models to reduce poverty amongst the region&rsquo;s smallholders who today number around 14 million and account for the largest sector of poor people on the continent.&nbsp;&nbsp; Public-private partnerships represent a &lsquo;third-way&rsquo;, one which seeks to capitalise on the expertise and investment capacity of the private sector, while at the same time driving forwards pro-poor development goals. Governments across the region have implemented two kinds of partnerships to build bridges between companies and farmers: PPPs for agribusiness development; and PPPs for improving services for rural smallholders.</p><p>These arrangements have produced interesting results, both in terms of improving market conditions and boosting the livelihoods of the rural poor. This Brief begins by explaining the emergence of PPPs in Latin America, before exploring specific experiences to draw out common success factors and key lessons for policy makers and practitioners working in other regions of the world.&nbsp;</p><p>Key lessons:</p><ul><li>public-private partnerships are an important tool for rural development because they combine the expertise and leverage of the private sector with public sector incentives to promote sustainable rural development and reduce poverty</li><li>four key elements to the success of PPPs are: i) the existence of a common interest between partners; ii) transparency and accountability in resource allocation; iii) a clear operational structure that facilitates information flows and decision making; and iv) independent monitoring and evaluation</li><li>in order to achieve long-term sustainability of PPPs, the selection of a private partner should take into account its commitment to building capacities among smallholders and improving rural incomes</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 12:39:10 GMT

Harnessing the potential of the nonfarm economy for smallholders in Latin America

<p>Latin American countries have implemented a range of strategies to boost the rural nonfarm economy, with positive impacts on local economic growth and poverty reduction.</p><p>While the rural nonfarm economy has been long neglected by policymakers across the developing world, over the last decade this sector has been attracting growing interest and high expectations in Latin American countries due to its increasing share in rural household incomes, relatively low capital requirements for farmers and its potential to contribute to poverty reduction. While the existence of a strong agricultural sector is a common driver of nonfarm activities within countries across the region, Latin American experience also shows that new opportunities are emerging in rural areas, suggesting that sustainable growth of the rural economy may also rely on other economic activities. Strengthening the rural nonfarm economy requires the ability to identify key opportunities for growth within a specific territory, create incentives and reduce risks for investors. In order to do so, Latin American countries have primarily focused on improving access to markets, investing in rural infrastructure and building human capital. This Brief begins by exploring the role and characteristics of the rural nonfarm economy in Latin America, and elsewhere, before describing the different strategies employed within the region, including examples from Brazil, Peru and Mexico. Finally, the Brief examines the factors that have enabled the emergence and growth of the rural nonfarm sector in Latin America and highlights key lessons for policymakers and practitioners in other regions.</p><p>Key lessons:</p><ul><li>the growing nonfarm economy is bringing about a new set of opportunities for rural households to diversify their income base and move out of poverty</li><li>policy and programmes must prioritise the choices and needs of poorer households to ensure that growth in the nonfarm sector is more inclusive</li><li>investment in rural infrastructure represents an opportunity to incentivise public and private investment in nonfarm activities by reducing transaction costs and risks</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 11:47:55 GMT

Commonwealth of Dominica Second National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication (SNC) on Climate Change is in compliance with Dominica&rsquo;s obligation to the UNFCCC. Chapter 1 sets the National Circumstances, and in particular the aspects of development policies related to the major components of climate change process. Chapter 2 is devoted to Greenhouse Gases Emissions and Inventories, carried out for the period 2000 &ndash; 2005, in accordance with the methodology recommended by the Convention Secretariat and the IPCC. Chapter 3 deals with Vulnerability to climate change and its variability. The capacity for mitigating the effects of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions is presented in Chapter 4. It is followed by chapter 5 in which all other information related to achievement of the Convention objectives is presented.</p>

05 Mar 2015 11:33:18 GMT

Health in an ageing world - what do we know?

<p>The ageing of populations is poised to become the next global public health challenge. During the next 5 years, for the first time in history, people aged 65 years and older in the world will outnumber children aged younger than 5 years. Advances in medicine and socioeconomic development have substantially reduced mortality and morbidity rates due to infectious conditions and, to some extent, non-communicable diseases. These demographic and epidemiological changes, coupled with rapid urbanisation, modernisation, globalisation, and accompanying changes in risk factors and lifestyles, have increased the prominence of chronic conditions.</p><p>This Lancet series on ageing looks at the health, economic and social policy aspects of this neglected area.</p><p>Please note: this article is free to download, but requires online registration.</p>

05 Mar 2015 11:10:10 GMT

Autocracies, democratization and development in the Arab region

<p>This paper focuses on the relationship between economic, political and historical factors in current Arab countries. The paper indicates that in the post second world war period, Arab political institutions generally have not been open to a genuinely competitive political process, though to varying degrees from one country to another. Identically, the document shows that at the economic level, Arab economies have mostly been gradually moving from being strictly public sector oriented towards a greater role for the private sector via privatisation measures and greater openness on the outside.</p><p>The author points that in practice, this situation has often led to collusion between those in power and business leaders or tycoons. The result is that whatever the benefits of privatisation and openness on the outside, the developmental outcome of the Arab region has continued to suffer from major lags in comparison with many other countries.</p><p>The document emphasises that the Tunisian and Egyptian uprisings demonstrate that for these two counties the triggers for the beginning of the transition process to a more open, accountable and socially and institutionally better organised societies have now been set off. The question is whether these uprisings will yet lead, in the foreseeable future, to consolidated democracies in both countries.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:42:53 GMT

The energy poverty and gender nexus in Himachal Pradesh, India: the impact of clean fuel access policy on women’s empowerment

<p>In India, one hundred and sixty million people, especially women and children, spend long hours gathering biofuels and suffer the health consequences of carrying heavy loads and from the pollution from burning biofuels. If they did not have to gather fuel, these hours could be used towards their self-development or for economically productive activities and hence alleviate poverty. The intersection of energy, poverty alleviation and gender is a key issue that needs to be addressed.</p><p>This study attempts to explore and establish the linkages among gender, empowerment, energy, environment and health issues in Himachal Pradesh (HP). HP was selected for the study as it is seen as one of the four most progressive states in India and where government has a policy to allocate an additional quota of clean fuels (LPG, kerosene) to hilly areas in order to prevent deforestation (20 litres per household as against 5 litres elsewhere in India).</p><p>Findings of the study shows that:</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women in HP are relatively strongly empowered and exercise this power in decision-making at all level:</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Although the state has progressed in terms of education, asset ownership etc., the use of new energy technology remains on the periphery and the brunt of this lack of progress is faced primarily by women;</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women, especially those in the 30-60 age group, and older men in HP are at the greatest risk of having respiratory diseases;</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Women in HP suffer drudgery due to using biofuels and are willing to shift to clean fuels; and</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Income from kerosene sales constituted only 2% of their total incomes and most viewed this business as only as sideline Low demand and low profits deter people from opening a shop to sell the kerosene quotas in the state.</p><p style="margin-left:38.45pt">The study also shows that empowerment level and access to energy are correlated in HP. Both the empowerment level and access to energy in HP are above the all&ndash;India averages. Even within HP, the two districts investigated in more detail, with different levels of access to fuels, have different levels of empowerment. The paper concludes that gender and energy are closely linked but have remained on the periphery of development policy. It states that greater political will as well as cooperation among government ministries, development agencies and community organisations is necessary to give women access to modern fuels and free them from daily drudgery.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:39:42 GMT

Natural resource accounting for Goa

<p>Goa is the smallest state in terms of area, located on the west coast of India and fourth smallest state in terms of population. It is situated on the slopes of the Western Ghats. It is bounded on the North by Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra, on the East by Belgaum, on the South by Karwar Districts of Karnataka, and on the west by Arabian Sea. It has scenic natural beauty, attractive beaches, and distinctive architecture, feasts and festivals of a unique culture.</p><p>The state has a geographical area of approximately 3,702 sq km. Estuary entrances and rocky capes along the palm-fringed beaches are the typical geographical feature of Goa. Also, there are wetlands at Carambolim. It has six rivers - Tiracol, Chapora, Mandovi, Zuari, Sal and Talpona. They originate from the Sahayadri mountain ranges and flow westward into the Arabian Sea. It has long coastline with a length of 105 kms.</p><p>This report contains the &ldquo;Natural Resource Accounting of Goa State&rdquo; and the valuation of specific sectors viz., air, water, municipal solid waste, and forestry of Goa state provides the key indicators, Gross State Domestic Product, economic development of the state, land use and human development indicators. It deals with the solid waste generated by hotels, households and market places and economic and environmental loss due to uncollected solid waste as well as air and water pollution due to industries, households and transport and describes forestry sector of Goa state.</p><p>Finally, the paper describes pitfalls, problems, and some solutions for methodologies for economic valuation of environment stating that the unique elements of the paper are: the treatment of municipal solid waste analysis done for the first time in the context of natural resource accounting of a state, the treatment of hotel industries - a service sector and tourism, corrected state domestic product after environmental adjustments etc.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:33:47 GMT

Energy and its sustainable development for India

<p>India, at 1.17 billion people is the second most populated country in the world and is home to 17% of the world population. Its primary energy consumption (in 2007) was 18.65EJ, 3.75% of the entire world. It amounts to 15.9BJ/person-year, China&rsquo;s of 56.2BJ/person-year and with India&rsquo;s strong GDP growth of about 9% and a relatively high population growth of 1.55% (compared with 0.65% for China, 0.97% for the US., 0.11% for the European Union and 1.17% for the world). It is obvious that significant growth is expected as the people of India increase in number and strive to improve their living standard.</p><p>This paper summarises the most recently available energy and emissions data, outlines the structure of the SI, fills some information gaps and offers brief comments for some sustainable paths for the future. The paper highlights the energy shortage in India due to low usage of nuclear power generation, Green House Gas emissions, fuel switching and new technologies, renewable energy and energy economics and efficiency as current energy related developments in India. It also states the structure of SI and comments on existing literature on energy usage in India. Key issues in this regard are:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fossil fuels, renewables and energy efficiency;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Household energy and biomass; and</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Energy and CO2 emissions</p><p>To address the energy crisis and ensure a sustainable path to energy development, the paper makes the following recommendations:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Conservation or sustainable use of energy resources including less polluting transportation, efficient buildings and household energy usage and prevention of energy efficiency rebound;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Advanced and new renewable technologies should be adapted, developed and implemented in coal mining, transportation and power generation;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Adoption of efficient, extensive and smart electricity distribution grid;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Designing and implementing highly sustainable large energy projects; and</p><ul><li style="margin-left: 36pt;">Inclusion of the people at all stages of the project.</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:24:58 GMT

India's GHG emissions profile: result of five climate-modelling studies

<p>Anthropogenic climate change poses perhaps the most complex policy issue faced yet by the global community, moreover, one that is fraught with existential consequences for humankind at one level, and with major implications for the future division of global economic labour at another.</p><p>Mitigation of GHG emissions will, beyond a fairly modest level, involve appreciable economic costs to a society. On the other hand, the adverse impacts of climate change would be felt in diverse sectors which are at the core of livelihood concerns, especially of the poor &ndash; agriculture, water resources, coastal resources, vector borne disease, &ldquo;natural&rdquo; calamities, etc. This Technical Report describes the energy-economic models developed with MoEF support, and the results of initial simulations with these models as well as the results of two other studies recently conducted in India.</p><p>The results of 4 of the 5 studies, which vary in terms of model structure/methodology, assumptions, and data, besides differences in the definitions of the Illustrative Scenario, (whose common feature is that no new GHG mitigation policies are put in place) show that India&rsquo;s per-capita CO2e emissions in 2030/31 would be between 2.77 and 3.9 tons per-capita, which is well below the 2005 global average of 4.22 tons per-capita. The fifth study projects the 2031 emissions at 5 tons per-capita, i.e. a little above the 2005 global average.</p><p>Further, both the energy intensity of the Indian economy, as well as the CO2e intensity of the Indian economy will fall continuously till 2030-31 in the Illustrative Scenarios, as revealed by all 5 studies. On the other hand, the structure of the economy, policy and regulatory regime, and energy endowments, together ensure that India&rsquo;s growth over the next two decades, while rapid, would remain inherently sustainable.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that fact that significant differences still arise between the results of the different studies show that it is not feasible to unambiguously define any &ldquo;baseline&rdquo; or &ldquo;business-as-usual&rdquo; GHGs trajectory for the country. However, even without any new policies for GHG abatement and given the structure of the Indian economy, its current and projected GHG growth rates, and its energy endowments, its GHG emissions will increase in a runaway manner over time.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:19:56 GMT

Gender analysis of renewable energy in India: present status, issues, approaches and new initiatives

<p>Approximately 2 billion people throughout the world do not have access to clean energy for cooking and about 1.7 billion people are without electricity for either cooking or heating. Grid- based electrical power fails to reach many rural and poor urban areas in developing countries, and there is also inadequate distribution of gas or other fuels for cooking and heating. The impact of such precarious situations is more pronounced on poor women than men because of the 1.2 billion people worldwide living on less than one dollar a day, 70 per cent are women.</p><p>In India, the 2001 census showed that nearly 700 million people do not have access to modern energy services. While nearly 300 million people do not have access to electricity, an even larger number (625 million) do not have access to modern cooking fuels Against this backdrop, this paper is a gender analysis carried out to promote an approach that would lead to national energy policies becoming more gender-responsive in terms of content and process.</p><p>The paper posits that the 11th five-year plan (2007-2012) invested more than $100 billion in the energy sector, including coal, oil, hydropower and other renewables and nuclear - but less than 2% of this went towards alleviating the drudgery suffered by women and children. Together, women and children collect close to 28% of all primary energy. However, no inputs in terms of investment, management or technology are provided to them- something that all other energy sectors take for granted.</p><p>In conclusion, the paper therefore recommends the following measures toward creating sound gender-responsive energy policies and, more importantly, their coordinated implementation:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Reorient monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to reflect gender concerns in energy programmes;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Linking women&rsquo;s empowerment with energy development;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Inter-ministerial coordination; and</p><ul><li style="margin-left: 36pt;">making cooking fuel available within 1 kilometre of rural inhabitants</li></ul>

05 Mar 2015 10:14:21 GMT

The time is now: proceedings of the international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development 8-9 September 2010, New Delhi

<p>Climate change and urbanisation: The combined two processes represent some of the most fundamental challenges nations and indeed the world must face over the coming decades. For the first time in human history, more than 50% of the world now lives in urban areas. This huge population rely on institutional, physical and ecological systems for energy, transport and communication that extend far beyond local areas. These systems, which provide essential food, water, shelter and other needs on which lives depend, are exposed in one way or another to the direct and indirect effects of climate change. Whether the effect relates to direct impacts such as extreme temperatures, storms or floods in cities, or indirect ones, such as changes in global grain markets that lead to spikes in food prices that negatively affect the urban poor &ndash; the future challenges for urban administrations will be huge.</p><p>This is very true of India which is urbanising very rapidly. In view of this, a two-day international workshop on sustainable and climate resilient urban development, bringing together a unique combination of stakeholder was held to generate a wide array of conceptually grounded and highly practical insights and guidance on how India can begin to address urban challenges in the context of climate change.</p><p>The workshop identified temperature, intense rainfall and the fact that India&rsquo;s increasing dependence on global markets to meet its food needs and the implications on global climate conditions for food production in distant regions as major factors that will also have greater and greater implications for the needs of urban populations.</p><p>While stressing that getting the process of urbanisation right is critical, the paper provides tangible guidance on courses of action for responding to three major challenges; climate change, urbanisation and poverty through their linkages. It states that many &ldquo;ten per cent&rdquo; solutions from major changes in policy and infrastructure design to local community action are required in order to transform development pathways toward resilience. Perhaps the biggest challenge is to start the initial steps of building knowledge, capacity and gain experience.</p>

05 Mar 2015 10:04:17 GMT

The impacts of diesel price increases on India’s trucking industry

<p>In the fiscal year 2011&ndash;12, under-recoveries incurred by Indian oil-marketing companies for diesel rose to an all-time high of INR81,192 crore (US$15 billion) (Government of India, 2012a). Diesel constitutes 38 per cent of all petroleum products consumed in India, some 65 per cent of which are used in transportation activities.</p><p>While a reduction in diesel under-recoveries will have significant fiscal and economic benefits for the economy as a whole, rising diesel prices will negatively impact industry and diesel- intensive sectors. Earlier research shows that farmers and truck operators are among the most vulnerable to increases in diesel prices. This study addresses factors responsible for high diesel consumption and wastage in the Indian trucking industry; present and possible future impacts of diesel price increases on the industry; and measures that would reduce the impact of higher prices on the viability of their businesses.</p><p>The paper identifies return trips without cargo, India&rsquo;s poor road quality, time spent waiting at tollgates and overloading as factors responsible for high diesel consumption and wastage. According to truck operators, a steep hike in the price of diesel, though detrimental, is preferable to gradual increases, in that it would give them a stronger case to negotiate for higher freight rates. The AIMTC demanded a sharp hike in diesel rates because they are unable to pass on the costs to customers with the smaller hikes of 50 paise (without taxes).</p><p>The paper concludes by recommending the following measures to reduce the impact of higher diesel price on the trucking industry:</p><p>1. Reduce Waiting Time at Tollgates</p><p>2. Set Up Computerized Exchange Networks to Link Clients and Trucker Operators</p><p>3. Improve truck Fuel Efficiency</p><p>4. Encourage Provisions in the Long Term That Allow for Freight Rate Adjustments When Fuel Prices Change</p><p>5. Introduce Training for Truck Operators and Revise Financing Conditions</p><p>6. Set a Uniform Diesel Price Across States</p><p>7. Fix Minimum Freight Rates</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:55:42 GMT

Prospects for regional cooperation on cross-border electricity trade in South Asia

<p>Energy remains one of the key inputs to socio-economic progress in developing societies. South Asian nations, namely Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, have so far lagged far behind their developed counterparts in terms of access to clean, reliable, and affordable energy, especially electricity. The existing power shortages and growing import of fossil fuels impose a heavy cost of energy insecurity to the region. The energy endowments of South Asia are limited and dispersed across the region, with large unexploited hydroelectric potential in some parts and growing dependence on fossil fuels in other parts.</p><p>This paper highlights the role of electricity in socio-economic development and energy security, and the need for electrifying millions of unlit homes and to meet the future demand for electricity. The paper notes that the differences in resource basket, along with variation in the load curves across the nations, present gainful opportunities for regional-level coordination in electricity generation and its use and identifies the various technical, operational, economic, and environmental benefits of a regionally interconnected electricity market.</p><p>The author provides a brief discussion on international experience to regional power sector cooperation and highlights the major electricity supply issues in South Asia, including the current status of cross-border electricity trade as well as discussion on the process of reform undertaken.</p><p>Finally, the paper itemises various cross-border interconnections and electricity trade arrangements stating that to move towards a free, fair, and transparent regional power market key issues like adoption of complementary national energy policy by countries, harmonization of policies, legal, and regulatory issues, and harmonized framework for coordinated grid operation and operation protocols need to be addressed.</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:50:35 GMT

Premiere communication nationale sur les changements climatiques

<p>L&#39;&Egrave;tude de vuln&Egrave;rabilit&Egrave; d&#39;Ha&Ocirc;ti face aux changements climatiques a &Egrave;t&Egrave; r&Egrave;alis&Egrave;e pour les secteurs de l&#39;agriculture et des ressources en eau avec des projections pour les ann&Egrave;es 2030 et 2060. En mati&Euml;re d&#39;agriculture, trois cultures ont &Egrave;t&Egrave; &Egrave;tudi&Egrave;es. Ce sont: la pomme de terre, le riz et le ma&Ocirc;s. On a observ&Egrave; une baisse accrue des rendements potentiels de ces cultures pour les ann&Egrave;es &Egrave;tudi&Egrave;es. Pour le secteur des ressources hydriques, on a observ&Egrave;, entre autres, une diminution du volume potentiel d&#39;eau dans tout le pays pour les ann&Egrave;es consid&Egrave;r&Egrave;es. Un certain nombre de mesures d&#39;adaptation ont &Egrave;t&Egrave; propos&Egrave;es pour les deux secteurs &Egrave;tudi&Egrave;s. Enfin, dans le cadre de l&#39;&Egrave;tude d&#39;att&Egrave;nuation des G.E.S., un certain nombre de mesures ont &Egrave;t&Egrave; retenues pour faciliter toute prise de d&Egrave;cision future en la mati&Euml;re.</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:44:04 GMT

Urban vulnerability and risk – a key factor for building climate resilient urban development in Indian cities

<p>India is witnessing rapid growth in the urban centers. Urbanization trend is expected to accelerate in coming decades as well. It is projected that the number of cities with a population of more than 1 million will reach to 75 by 2021 from 53 in 2011. Due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards.</p><p>This paper examines urban vulnerability and risk to climate change and how this can assist in ensuring climate resilient urban development. Other key messages of the paper are:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Due to diverse physiographic and meteorological conditions, cities in India are exposed to various types of natural hazards. Indian cities are facing additional risk due to climate induced extreme events such as floods, droughts, heat and cold waves.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; An increasing concentration of population coupled with extreme events, results in high damages to assets, interruptions in business continuity opportunity losses, loss of lives, displacement of populations, which is further enhanced by economic and social vulnerability.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; An observation that similar climate events can produce very different levels of socio-economic impacts, depending not only on the location and timing of the occurrence, but also the resources and agility of the societies to respond to climate impacts.</p><p>This poses enormous challenge for decision makers at city level and other urban climate resilience practitioners to select a suitable methodology for assessment of hazard risks, vulnerability &amp; capacity assessment and risk analysis of cities to develop &ldquo;City Level Climate Action Plan&rdquo; in a given scenario. India has more than 400 cities in 2011 and climate informed development is needed because urbanization in India is accelerating and cities need to be sustainable and resilient. The paper concludes with the following recommendations:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR):</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Rejuvenation of water bodies:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Climate conscious development and spatial planning:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Prioritize a climate resilient agenda:.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sustainable urban development indicators:.</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Enhance institutional and policy coordination at the city level:</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&middot;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Resource allocation:</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:42:32 GMT

Vulnerability profiling of cities: a framework for climate-resilient urban development in India

<p>India&rsquo;s total population is growing, and is becoming increasingly urban. The urban population has increased from 17.97 percent in 1961 to 31.16 percent in 2011. Increasing urbanization has led to the expansion of populations into areas which are exposed to hazards related to climatic events, with a resulting increase in vulnerability of local populations.</p><p>This working paper presents a holistic approach for how a city can customise its rapid vulnerability assessment in order to understand what is required for building climate resilience. The paper uses Hazard Exposure, Infrastructure, Governance, Socio-economic Variables, HIGS to highlight the potential impact of climate change on urban services arising from the geographical setting of a city; the nature, size and density of its settlements; and the existing coping capacity of its society and governance system.</p><p>Vulnerability to climate change is aggravated by growing urban populations, high urban poverty and backlogs in the provision of basic infrastructure and services. Currently, a structured approach and the use of datasets to understand the distribution of vulnerability to climate change impacts across India are lacking. The framework proposed here provides a systematic approach to preparing vulnerability profiles in cities, by creating datasets, which enable an initial analysis of vulnerability. It considers the sensitivity and exposure of the cities as well as the need for integration of climate-resilience considerations in urban planning.</p><p>The framework is positioned as a rapid assessment methodology and consists of gathering relevant data in each category in order to identify key vulnerabilities and their linkages with natural causes, sustainable practices and the capacities of the concerned authorities.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating that the framework has been tested on twenty Indian cities that have diverse physiographic and demographic characteristics and demonstrates its viability by two city case studies, each representing different physiographic characteristics, hazard exposures and population sizes.</p>

05 Mar 2015 09:35:24 GMT

South Asia regional initiative for energy integration (SARI/EI)

<p>Over the last two decades, South Asia has been one of the fastest growing regions in the world with an average annual GDP growth of six per cent. The region has a variety of energy resources with major potential for hydropower. This potential offers a huge scope for tapping clean energy and meeting the region&rsquo;s energy needs. Despite this and the macroeconomic growth in this region, the power sector has not been able to keep pace with the demands. Cross border transmission interconnection take place only at a limited scale.</p><p>This paper looks at this problem and the plan to address the problem through the South Asia regional initiative for energy integration (SARI/EI). The paper note that systemic deployment of the region&rsquo;s potential along with an investment in infrastructure build&ndash;up and the market&ndash;based trade system can help harness untapped sources of energy and benefit a vast population.</p><p>The paper states that in view of the large untapped hydropower resources in the region, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) initiated the SARI/EI project covering eight countries and with three key focus areas:</p><ul><li>Cross-border energy trade;</li><li>Energy market formation; and</li><li>Regional clean energy development.</li></ul><p>Divided into four different phases and with different task forces focusing on specific areas, the project is now in it&rsquo;s fourth and final phase.</p><p>The paper further posits that, among other things, cross-border energy trade has been significantly advanced by a series of technical assistance activities for the development of transmission infrastructure. In conclusion, that paper acknowledges the steps taken by countries in the region to make general progress on the project. These include the South Asia Regional Inaugural Conference of SAI/EI on Cross-Border Electricity Trade and the Task Force Meetings.</p>

05 Mar 2015 00:57:08 GMT

Factors of career mobility in Egypt by gender

<p>Career mobility and job-to-job transition in the Egyptian labour market received little attention. This paper focuses on both the transition and differences in career path during these transitions by gender, analysing the career development by moving from job to job and the achievements between two fixed times in individual&rsquo;s working life.</p><p>The document uses two sets of labour market data and develops a special model for its purpose. The main conclusions of the analyses are as follows:</p><ul><li>youth start their working career with less secured jobs in order to improve the quality of their jobs by moving to another job; females start with a higher secured job than males</li><li>young males and females who fail in getting engaged in the public sector end up with low secured jobs</li><li>low wages and low job security are the main reasons for a female to quit working, once she gets married</li><li>taking maternity leave for more than three months has a negative impact on the wage increase for women</li><li>there is a tradeoff between wage and job security among younger age youth, and those who are in the private sector are in worse condition, males and females; more studies should be conducted to observe this phenomenon</li></ul>

04 Mar 2015 22:23:43 GMT

International Remittances and Family Expenditure Patterns: The Philippines’ Case

<p>This paper examines the influence of overseas remittances to patterns of family expenditures in the Philippines using a matched dataset of the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) and the Labor Force Survey (LFS). The objective is to study whether or not remittances influence budget allocation of families receiving these income transfers. Specifically, it is interesting to check if families with remittances tend to allocate more on say education, healthcare, and housing thereby increasing the development impact of remittances or if they tend to budget more conspicuously on vices and consumer items and hence may forego their chance to maximize gains from remittances. This is becoming an important question amidst many issues of labor migration as the country continues to send hundreds of thousands of its labor abroad. This paper estimated a system of demand equations. The dataset has been adjusted to reflect a more accurate definition of remittances from abroad by excluding the investment dividends and pension components in the FIES remittance data as recommended in previous studies. Likewise, the paper attempts to address the endogeneity issue in studying remittance effects and the presence of zero values in expenditure data.</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:22:08 GMT

Agricultural Diversification and The Fruits and Vegetables Subsector: Policy Issues and Development Constraints in the Philippines

<p>Fruits and vegetables comprise a large and dynamic subsector within Philippine agriculture. However, the country`s agricultural development strategy continues to emphasize traditional crops. Evidence points to a significant role for fruits and vegetables in agricultural diversification and rural development. They represent a significant set of &quot;high-value&quot; activities, some of which are produced within organized supply chains. As the economy develops, fruits and vegetables should become increasingly important, both as a share in agricultural output and in the food basket. Diversification could be propoor as it may raise incomes of smallholders and workers. In the Philippines, the major fruit crops are banana, mango, pineapple, and calamondin; the major vegetables are tomato, garlic, onion, cabbage, and eggplant. There are clear benefits to both producers and consumers from the expansion of the fruits and vegetables subsector. Fruits and vegetables output has indeed grown more rapidly than agriculture as a whole. However, there remain impediments in reallocating resources to the high-value crops. Agribusiness supply chains have arisen to overcome some of these obstacles, though these chains may be inadvertently promoting inequitable and unsustainable patterns of agricultural growth. Despite numerous policies and programs to overcome these impediments and promote agricultural growth and diversification, constraints to development persist. These include: resource degradation; weak protection and tradability of land rights; distortionary policies in favor of traditional crops; geographic dispersion, inadequate marketing and logistics infrastructure, and failure to realize scale economies in marketing; and inadequate supply of producer services such as agricultural credit, technology innovation, and technical assistance to smallholders. Changes in policy, investment programming, and institutional reforms are essential for the fruits and vegetables subsector to realize its potential for agricultural diversification and rural development.</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:16:51 GMT

Are there Regional Variations in the Utilization of Maternal and Child Care Services Across Income Groups?

<p>While the national average for maternal and child health services utilization shows improvement, the Philippines is yet to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) targets for maternal and child health. This study shows inequality in maternal and child health services utilization across economic classes and across regions. Moreover, based on regional Gini coefficient, there are various patterns of utilization and concentration of services across living standards. Interventions to increase the uptake of maternal and child health services based on these patterns are recommended.</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:12:17 GMT

The determinants of expansion of SMEs under a partial credit guarantee scheme: the case of Lebanon

<p>One of the constraints faced by SMEs in the MENA region is the restricted access to credit, fuelled by the demanding collaterals required by financial institutions. The aim of this paper is to assess the impact of the Lebanese non-profit partial credit guarantee scheme, Kafalat.</p><p>The paper states that Kafalat is the only credit guarantee scheme in Lebanon, and it was introduced by the National Institute for the Guarantee of Deposits, besides private and public banks. The document clarifies that private banks study SME loan applications, and the viable ones are passed on to Kafalat for guarantee approval, where Kafalat usually approves the vast majority of applications as they are screened by the banks first.</p><p>Practically speaking, the author relies on a dataset of 6,888 loan guarantee applications, and runs a set of regressions in an attempt to determine the sectors and regions that have clients which borrow multiple times under Kafalat. Consequently, she finds that:</p><ul><li>SMEs in the high technologies sector take out or are able to borrow more than other sectors</li><li>for all other sectors, Kafalat is also not a constant source of funding for its clients</li><li>yet, there is no evidence of a continuous lending relationship between Kafalat and its clients in sectors in which it operates</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:11:09 GMT

Rules of Origin: Regimes in East Asia and Recommendations for Best Practice

<p>Amidst the rising trend in free trade agreements (FTAs) and growing international production sharing, rules of origin (ROO) has been beset with difficult recurring issues. First is the cost of ROO administration. Second, ROO as part of FTAs could generate new barriers to trade, thus taking with one hand what the other hand has given. In turn, this gives rise to another key concern: its potential use as a protectionist tool. To achieve the East Asian vision of a community, any regional trade agreement (RTA) it would endeavor to establish should set a rational, enabling regime of ROO that would facilitate even as it attempts to prevent trade deflection, with enough safeguards for inclusive development both within and across countries in the region. There is a consensus that the movement should be toward more simple and less restrictive ROO. In sum, consolidation of the multiple membership agreements in the region around more liberal ROO should be the general guideline. Currently, majority of East Asia RTAs combine the three main ROO approaches: (1) the regional value added criterion [RVA]; (2) the change in tariff classification [CTC]; and (3) specified processes [SP]. Liberalizing features such as de minimis are in some cases used, often in a product-specific approach. Reliance on government certification is the general rule. In ASEAN, ROO reforms lean toward more liberal rules by &quot;expanding/easing standards.&quot; The AFTA ROO would provide a good starting point for EAFTA. Necessarily, there should be a coordinated and cooperative action among member countries.</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:09:02 GMT

Avoiding Anomalies of Gross Domestic Product in Constant Prices by Conversion to Chained Prices

<p>Changing the base year (1985) of Philippine gross domestic product (GDP) in constant prices could change the growth rate and the shares of components even when there is no change in production volume, implying that the changes in growth rate and shares are anomalous (i.e., no real basis). This weakens GDP in constant prices as basis for valuing our economy&#39;s production and analyzing its growth performance. This paper demonstrates that GDP conversion from constant 1985 prices to chained prices avoids the above anomalies and also shows smaller and shrinking agriculture and industry sectors and enlarging services sector that is now over 50 percent of the Philippine economy. Chained prices accentuate more than constant 1985 prices the declining importance of agriculture and industry and the rising importance of services in Philippine economic transformation.</p>

04 Mar 2015 19:04:19 GMT

Unemployment and Inflation in the Philippines: New Evidence from Vector Error Correction Model

<p>This article empirically analyzes the relationship between unemployment rate and inflation rate in the Philippines over the period 1980-2006. The negative association between unemployment and inflation is known as the Phillips Curve because the trade-off relationship between these two variables was first pointed out by William Phillips in 1958. Since then, the Phillips Curve has remained an important foundation for macroeconomic management in various countries. The main finding of this study is that there exists a cointegrating relationship--but no causal relationship--between unemployment rate and inflation rate in the Philippines.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:59:16 GMT

Fishpen and Fishcage Culture in Laguna de Bay: Status, Economic Importance, and the Relative Severity of Problems Affecting its Practice

<p>This paper reviews the status of fishpen and fishcage culture in Laguna de Bay, with emphasis on its economic importance and the relative severity of the problems affecting its continued practice. The paper aims to provide an economic analysis that will help decisionmakers, stakeholders, and other interested parties make informed decisions and opinions on the conduct of the activity. Sources of data are the survey of fishpen and fishcage operators and their operations and key informant interviews conducted in 2007, records of government institutions involved in aquaculture in Laguna de Bay, and relevant published literature. The analysis shows that fishpen and fishcage culture in Laguna de Bay has important economic and social contributions to the lake municipalities and to the country. In particular, it significantly contributes to fish production, income, employment, and generation of public revenues. Furthermore, it helps supply cheaper fish to Metro Manila where a large segment of urban poor population resides. Because of these, caution must be exercised before any decision related to its reduction or termination can be made.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:55:06 GMT

Toward Measuring Household Vulnerability to Income Poverty in the Philippines

<p>The measurement of vulnerability, as in the probability that a household becomes poor, is concomitant to the analysis of poverty. To estimate households&#39; vulnerability to income poverty, this study used a modified probit model that considers volatilities in income per capita as explained by some household characteristics. Resulting vulnerability estimates were found to be higher than poverty rates, suggesting that policy interventions will have to be developed to minimize the risk which households face in becoming income poor, or at least help them to mitigate the impact of their becoming poor.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:50:17 GMT

Can Imports Discipline Collusive Firms?: The Case of the Philippine Cement Industry

<p>Applying a conjectural variations (CV) model introduced by Haskel and Scaramozzino (H&amp;S model 1997), the paper examines the impact of trade liberalization on the Philippine cement industry where alleged cartel activities have taken place after the entry of the world&#39;s Big Three cement firms: Holcim, Cemex, and Lafarge. In the H&amp;S model, the relationship between firm behavior and competition is estimated with price cost margin (price minus marginal costs over price) as indicator of competition and profitability. The model is extended to assess the impact of imports on competition using import penetration ratio as proxy for trade policy. The paper focuses on the following questions: did the removal of import restriction and reduction of tariffs affect competition in the cement industry? Are imports effective in disciplining domestic firms and reducing their market power? The results imply that imports do not seem to affect profitability and competition in the industry. Given the ability of firms to engage in anticompetitive behavior and the absence of an effective competition policy in the Philippines, the gains from trade liberalization are nullified. The country&#39;s experience in the cement industry illustrates that trade liberalization is not a substitute for competition policy. For imports to effectively discipline the market, trade liberalization must be accompanied by strict competition policy.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:45:27 GMT

Benefit Incidence of Public Spending on Education in the Philippines

<p>Government education spending is expected to improve the well-being of beneficiaries and enhance their capability to earn income in the future. In this sense, directing education expenditures to the poor holds a promise for breaking the intergenerational transmission of poverty. Given this perspective, this paper addresses the question: To what extent has the poor benefited from government spending on education? In particular, it uses benefit incidence analysis to evaluate whether expenditures on education had redistributive impact.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:39:00 GMT

A Simple Poverty Scorecard for the Philippines

<p>How poor are participants of development projects in the Philippines? This paper uses the 2002 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey to construct an easy-to-use objective poverty scorecard that estimates the likelihood that a participant has income below the national poverty line. The scorecard uses 10 simple indicators that field workers can quickly collect and verify. Scores can be computed by hand on paper in real time. With 99 percent confidence, estimates of a group&#39;s overall poverty rate are accurate within +/-1.0 percentage point. The poverty scorecard can help development programs to target services to clients, track changes in poverty over time, and report on poverty rates.</p>

04 Mar 2015 18:32:18 GMT

Conceptual and operational problems for Loss and Damage

<p>This paper aims specifically at addressing concerns implicit to loss and damage (L&amp;D) policy as articulated by the most vulnerable countries. The paper aims to clarify the meaning of the policy paradigm of L&amp;D, to warn of possible misinterpretations, and to raise conceptual and practical concerns. It also highlights L&amp;D&rsquo;s potential importance.</p><p>It begins by tracing the development of the concept, its use in risk-transfer contexts, and its use and definition in the UNFCCC. The paper then lays out some of the general challenges of the L&amp;D approach, as applied by the insurance industry, disaster responders, and development institutions. Following this, the paper outlines important operational and conceptual challenges to applying the concept to the specific question of climate change impacts. The paper concludes with some general guidelines to policy makers for crafting L&amp;D into a workable policy.</p><p>The paper concludes that L&amp;D policy does not risk reintroducing a discarded paradigm, but rather it attempts to introduce the model that has served to safeguard highly industrialised economies and societies from environmental harm. It raises questions about what is not considered in this western paradigm for risk management if adopted more widely across the vulnerable developing world in the specific instance of climate change impacts.</p><p>The paper argues that L&amp;D suffers a core challenge of adaptation policy, which emphasises maintaining the same conditions in the face of climate change. Currently, adaptation policy and the external resources made available are channeled through human institutions with specific political economies that have differential benefit for asset- and land-holding tiers of society (Adger et al. 2005). However, for the lower rungs of the social strata that slip into landlessness and impoverishment, adaptation is autonomous, undertaken with a diminishing set of resources, with external inputs for adaptation beyond reach (Agrawal 2010).</p><p>The authors conclude that more transformative approaches ought to be considered, which prioritise the most impoverished, marginalised and disenfranchised peoples &ndash;those most vulnerable to climate change (as well as global social, economic and environmental change in general).</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:30:18 GMT

Perspectives on Non-Economic Loss and Damage: Understanding values at risk from climate change

<p>This paper highlights that non-economic losses pose challenges for measurement and therefore may go unnoticed or unaddressed by policy. It argues that discussions about loss and damage are really a discussion about value. It identifies three kinds of value: use value (measured relatively well by economic means), indirect use value (which sustains societal functions but which are not necessarily valued in economic terms), and symbolic value (which help forge identity and cooperative problem solving, but which similarly is not measured in monetary terms). Non-economic losses are those material goods and immaterial services which are lost through both direct and indirect climate change pathways.</p><p>The paper argues that representing non-economic loss and damage is critically important, but hard to do for several reasons: Markets do not value public goods essential for the function of human-natural systems (e.g. like ecosystem services). Markets tend to ignore symbolic values needed to forge identity and cooperative problem solving, and markets fail to value knowledge systems needed for creating value. Thus, formal accounts of loss and damage (or economic loss and damage) tend to undervalue the real costs of climate change.</p><p>As an alternative, this paper suggests that the focus of loss and damage should be on the role goods and services play in making societies resilient to stressors like climate change. In order to account for value in societies with different ways of thinking, modes and relations of production require different ways of understanding value.&nbsp;<br />When values are understood in ways that can capture these resilience-building roles, policy and practice will better be able to address loss and damage. Experience has shown that efforts to replace losses &quot;only&quot; via monetary compensation has not worked well. Instead, policy and practice on loss and damage must capture the opportunity for a more fundamental transformation. Any framework for loss and damage must aim not merely at compensating previous living conditions, but at improving them. The paper concludes with at least four areas for consideration by policy and practice: ensuring a broader view that values functions that are the source of resilience and problem solving (cultural practices, identity, traditional systems of knowledge); encouraging social participation as a principle in adaptation and addressing loss and damage; nurturing social capital to respond to non-economic loss and damage; and, finally, capturing the opportunity for transformation in the way loss and damage is assessed and addressed.</p><p>[taken from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 17:18:37 GMT

Treatment response to standard of care for severe anemia in pregnant women and effect of multivitamins and enhanced anthelminthics

<p>Severe anemia (hemoglobin, 70 g/L) in pregnancy may increase the risk of maternal and perinatal mortality.</p><p>In this study, response to standard treatment with high-dose iron&ndash;folic acid was assessed for 90 d and single-dose (500 mg) mebendazole among severely anemic pregnant women in periurban Karachi, Pakistan. In addition, the efficacy of 2 enhanced treatment regimens was evaluated.</p><p>The authors concluded that iron deficiency was high in this population, and the standard-of-care treatment resulted in a treatment response of 50%, although better treatment adherence showed a higher response. Multivitamins and the enhanced mebendazole regimen had a modest benefit over and above the standard treatment.</p>

04 Mar 2015 16:49:32 GMT

Potential impacts of iron biofortification in India

<p>Iron deficiency is a widespread nutrition and health problem in developing countries, causing impairments in physical activity and cognitive development, as well as maternal mortality. Although food fortification and supplementation programmes have been effective in some countries, their overall success remains limited. Biofortification, that is, breeding food crops for higher micronutrient content, is a relatively new approach, which has been gaining international attention recently. We propose a methodology for ex ante impact assessment of iron biofortification, building on a disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) framework. This methodology is applied in an Indian context. Using a large and representative data set of household food consumption, the likely effects of iron-rich rice and wheat varieties are simulated for different target groups and regions. These varieties, which are being developed by an international public research consortium, based on conventional breeding techniques, might be ready for local distribution within the next couple of years. The results indicate sizeable potential health benefits. Depending on the underlying assumptions, the disease burden associated with iron deficiency could be reduced by 19&ndash;58%. Due to the relatively low institutional cost to reach the target population, the expected cost-effectiveness of iron biofortification compares favourably with other micronutrient interventions. Nonetheless, biofortification should not be seen as a substitute for other interventions. Each approach has its particular strengths, so they complement one another.</p>

04 Mar 2015 16:29:16 GMT

Mainstreaming interventions in the health sector to address maternal and child undernutrition

<p>Malnutrition is a contradiction of sorts &ndash; a multisectoral problem that needs to be addressed sector by sector. The health, education, water and sanitation, agriculture, trade and several other sectors have a role<br />to play in addressing malnutrition. Cognizant of this need for &lsquo;thinking multi-sectorally and acting sectorally&rsquo; (World Bank 2006), theWorld Bank awarded a grant under its Development Grant Facility to the<br />International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh to host a partnership to mainstream nutrition through the health sector. The plan is to learn from this experience and to follow this up with<br />an expanded partnership that would bring under its umbrella similar efforts through other critical sectors.<br />One of the key objectives of the Development Grant Facility grant is to support the documentation of the evidence, lessons and experiences from strengthening the nutrition component in Maternal and Child<br />Health (MCH) initiatives.</p><p>This global review of nutrition interventions, coordinated by the Mainstreaming Nutrition Initiative in collaboration with the Aga Khan University, is a part of this larger attempt.</p>

04 Mar 2015 16:21:07 GMT

Does Results-Based Aid change anything? Pecuniary interests, attention, accountability and discretion in four case studies

<p>This paper studies foreign assistance programmes called Results-Based Aid (RBA) in which one government disburses funds to another for achieving an outcome. At least four theories are typically advanced to explain how RBA increases programme effectiveness: by appealing to governments&rsquo; pecuniary interests to shift domestic priorities, by drawing the attention of politicians and managers to results, by establishing accountability to constituents; and by giving recipients discretion to engage in local problem-solving. Using four case studies &ndash; from GAVI, the Amazon Fund, Ethiopian Secondary Education and Salud Mesoam&eacute;rica &ndash; the paper analyses programme features to show which of these theories are being applied and what we can learn about the effectiveness of the RBA approach. The four case studies show that concerns with corruption, unintended consequences, short-termism, and additional costs have not materialised. The analysis demonstrates that relatively few RBA programmes are being piloted and that most do not rely on the assumption that a financial incentive will lead aid recipients to shift their priorities. RBA programmes are also not typically designed to work through accountability and recipient discretion. Rather, most RBA programmes seem designed to draw attention to results, making them more salient to politicians and managers. As relatively cautious adaptations of conventional approaches, these initiatives are unable to test the potential benefits from greater recipient discretion and public transparency. Future experimentation may test these other theories but for now, RBA remains a work in progress.</p><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 14:27:27 GMT

Antigua and Barbuda’s Initial National Communication on Climate Change

<p>This Report constitutes the Initial National Communications in accordance with the Guidelines laid down by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties (COP) in decision 10/CP2, and as required under Articles 4 and 12 of the UNFCCC.</p><p>The report constitutes one output of the programme of Enabling Activities implemented by the Government of Antigua and Barbuda through the Office of the Prime Minister. This forms a part of project ANT/97/GC2/99 financed by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) and implemented in conjunction with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).</p><p>In addition to its role in fulfilling Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s obligations under the UNFCCC the National Communications document is also intended as an information source to national stakeholders and other persons at regional and international levels interested in information pertaining to Antigua and Barbuda&rsquo;s fulfillment of its obligations under the UNFCCC.</p>

04 Mar 2015 14:07:37 GMT

The face of African infrastructure: Service availability and citizens’ demands

<p>The need for infrastructure improvements is a top-tier economic, political, and social issue in nearly every African country. Although the academic and policy literature is extensive in terms of estimating the impact of infrastructure deficits on economic and social indicators, very few studies have examined citizen demands for infrastructure. This paper draws upon survey data to move beyond top-line estimates of national infrastructure access rates toward a more nuanced understanding of service availability and citizen demands at the regional, national, and sub-national levels. The authors find a predictable pattern of infrastructure services across income levels &ndash; lower-income countries have fewer services. The survey data also allows to observe the sequencing of infrastructure services. On the demand side, survey respondents are most concerned with jobs and income-related issues, as well as with the availability of infrastructure, specifically transportation and sanitation. These priorities transcend demographic factors, including gender and location (urban/rural).</p><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 13:35:56 GMT

Do men and women have different policy preferences, and if so, why? Determinants and implications of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ gender gaps in Africa

<p>Gender quotas to increase women&rsquo;s representation are often motivated by the assumption that men and women have different policy preferences. In Africa &ndash; where gender quotas have been particularly widespread &ndash; this paper finds that gender differences in preferences are quite small on average, but vary significantly across both policy domains and countries. The authors propose a theoretical framework for differentiating policy domains where preference divergence indicates increased gender parity from those where it signifies growing inequality. They demonstrate that favourable gender gaps increase with female labour-force participation, while unfavourable gaps are more likely where women are most vulnerable. The authors show that these gender gaps in preferences are related to gender gaps in both political participation and representation.</p><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

04 Mar 2015 12:57:15 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Read our latest February edition and all previous issues of the newsletter.

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 15:51:00 GMT

Seeing paradigm change - Insights Blog

Our world and its problems should have been watched for long enough. Inequality, debt, financial instability, corruption, conflict, ecosystem damage, waste and poverty have been seen through history.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 16:33:00 GMT

Land Transport and How to Unlock Investment in Support of "Green Growth" - Green Growth Paper

"Green growth" and transport combines several different concepts that are central to sustainable mobility, including sustainable economic activity, reduced environmental impact and sustained growth in high quality jobs.

Tue, 24 Feb 2015 10:17:00 GMT

Mainstreaming Green Growth: Venice, the ideal place to wade through the issues - Insights Blog

Ever plodded through flood waters to get to a conference? In late January, the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) held their 3rd annual conference in Venice, Italy. The flooded city reminded attendees about the real world changes that are occurring and the need for continued action towards going green.

Fri, 20 Feb 2015 10:46:00 GMT

The Metropolitan Century - Understanding Urbanisation and its Consequences

The world is experiencing a wave of urbanisation that has the potential to greatly benefit residents, countries and the planet at large. This report analyses the secrets of successful cities and the policies that contribute to their success.

Wed, 18 Feb 2015 16:25:00 GMT

Natural resources are fundamental to the economy and human well-being

Natural resources provide essential raw materials and other commodities, and are an important source of income and jobs. They also support the provision of ecosystem services necessary to develop human and social capital.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 09:02:00 GMT

Green Development Co-operation in Zambia - Green Growth Paper

Embracing green growth can secure strong, stable and sustainable development. An increasing number of developing countries have formulated and/or implemented innovative policies to pursue green growth, notably in Africa. Zambia, in particular, is committed to drawing up an Inclusive Green Growth Strategy (IGGS) that builds upon a nationally-defined and comprehensive definition of green growth.

Thu, 12 Feb 2015 08:57:00 GMT

If the tortoise can do it, anyone can: greening household behaviour - Insights Blog

Please join me in an ode to the giant tortoise, recently confirmed to be back from near extinction on the Galapagos Espanola Island after conservation work that began forty years ago. Whoever thought this waddly wild wonk would be a model for humans to improve environment through adept household behaviour?

Tue, 10 Feb 2015 10:32:00 GMT

A big year for development - Insights Blog

This will be “the mother of all years for summits on international development". International delegates will gather in Addis Ababa in July to discuss how poorer countries can fund their development. In September, attention will shift to New York, where the UN will sign off on the successors to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In December, Paris will take centre stage to host the global climate change conference, COP21.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:47:00 GMT

What are the channels for investment in sustainable energy?

This report develops a framework that classifies investments according to different types of financing instruments and investment funds, and highlights the risk mitigants and transaction enablers that intermediaries can use to mobilise institutionally held capital.

Mon, 09 Feb 2015 11:13:00 GMT

Is there a Need for Cooperation on National Climate Change Policies?

Climate policy and competitiveness issues have created a new need for international co-ordination, beyond the scope of our current frameworks. There is no need to trade economic growth for environmental stringency. Environmentally stringent policies are an incentive for greater efficiencies which leading edge companies can easily achieve.

Tue, 03 Feb 2015 09:58:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) 2015 Annual Conference

Third Annual Conference on the theme of "Fiscal Policies and the Green Economy Transition: Generating Knowledge – Creating Impact" held at the University of Venice from 29 through 30 January 2015. The press release is available.

Thu, 29 Jan 2015 15:57:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

Green growth: Environmental policies and productivity can work together

As environmental pressures continue to rise, governments throughout the OECD area have not been sitting back. If anything, the stringency of their policy measures has been increasing on the whole, not least to combat pollution and climate change. And as the evidence shows, stringent environmental policies can be introduced without hurting overall productivity.

Thu, 11 Dec 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?

Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?This study presents new evidence on the role of environmental policies – stringency, as well as design and implementation features - for productivity growth.

Wed, 10 Dec 2014 10:47:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: Korea

Report finds that some Korean policies, such as urban regeneration, new town development or multi-modal transferring centres, have implicitly implemented compact city polices to a certain degree. However, there are still issues - including urban sprawl, unbalanced socio-economic levels and environmental challenges - which can be threats to urban competitiveness.

Fri, 28 Nov 2014 10:08:00 GMT

Financing Infrastructure for a Water Secure World

Water security is one of the greatest challenges we face today, yet the situation has never looked more perilous. By 2050 the OECD Environmental Outlook projects that nearly 4 billion people will live in river basins under severe water stress, and global nitrogen effluents from wastewater are projected to grow by 180%. Whilst, over the same period, global demand for water is expected to grow by 55%.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 16:07:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

This Forum examined the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:09:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: Knowledge Sharing

Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Death and taxis: Why the Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum matters - Insights Blog

The Green Growth and Sustainable development Forum is an annual event, and the third Forum will take place on 13-14 November 2014. This blog highlights the importance of the Forum, and how, far from being "abstract", this year's Forum offers an invaluable opportunity to address the social implications of implementing green growth strategies.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 15:35:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy - OECD ProgBlog

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2014

Mixed signals on trade in Q4 2014 as US dollar appreciates against major currencies

Thu, 26 Feb 2015 09:56:00 GMT

Global trade: International freight transport to quadruple by 2050

In the face of shifting global trade patterns, international freight transport volumes will grow more than fourfold (factor 4.3) by 2050. Average transport distance across all modes will increase 12%, according to the latest ITF Transport Outlook.

Tue, 27 Jan 2015 11:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2014

Merchandise trade growth picks up strongly in Q3 2014 in China and India but slows in most other major economies

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Blog: Export Restrictions in Raw Materials

Blog post on the OECD Insights blog discussing the conclusions from the new book on Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 16:22:00 GMT

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:32:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Cambodia: Consultancy to Develop Behaviour Change Communication Package (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARE AustraliaCountry: CambodiaClosing date: 22 Mar 2015Partnering to Save Lives (PSL) Program is a partnership formed between CARE, Save the Children and Marie Stopes International Cambodia with the Ministry of Health and Australian Government to contribute to addressing Cambodia’s most urgent needs in reproductive, maternal and neonatal health. PSL is seeking a highly qualified candidate to fill the consultancy position above.Overall Scope and Responsibilities:Develop pictorial materials that can be used in group work with non-Khmer speakers/readers and those with communication

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Local Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, USAID Afghanistan Public Financial Management (APFM) Project, Afghanistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Social ImpactCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 05 Apr 2015Local Senior Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, USAID Afghanistan Public Financial Management (APFM) Project, AfghanistanSocial Impact (SI) is a Washington, DC-area international development management consulting firm. SI’s mission is to improve the effectiveness of international development programs in improving people’s lives. We provide a full range of management consulting, technical assistance, and training services to strengthen international development programs, organizations, and policies. We provide services

Fri, 06 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Program Officer

ABOUT LAST MILE HEALTH Founded by survivors of Liberia&rsquo;s civil war, Last Mile Health (LMH) (known in Liberia as Tiyatien Health) is committed to saving lives in the world&rsquo;s most remote villages.&nbsp;Working in remote communities cut off from even basic life-saving health services, LMH is building a health system that reaches everyone&mdash;by bringing health care to villagers&rsquo; doorsteps.&nbsp; LMH trains community members to be health practitioners for their villages and connects them with rural health clinics to offer every person access to the care they deserve. These Frontline

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Community Health Specialist

Job Description Community Health Specialist &nbsp; ABOUT LAST MILE HEALTH Founded by survivors of Liberia&rsquo;s civil war, Last Mile Health (LMH) (known in Liberia as Tiyatien Health) is committed to saving lives in the world&rsquo;s most remote villages.&nbsp;Working in remote communities cut off from even basic life-saving health services, LMH is building a health system that reaches everyone&mdash;by bringing health care to villagers&rsquo; doorsteps.&nbsp; LMH trains community members to be health practitioners for their villages and connects them with rural health clinics to offer

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Director - Health Systems Policy and Planning

Director, Health Systems &nbsp; ABOUT LAST MILE HEALTH Founded by survivors of Liberia&rsquo;s civil war, Last Mile Health (LMH,&nbsp;known in Liberia as Tiyatien Health) is committed to saving lives in the world&rsquo;s most remote villages.&nbsp;Working in remote communities cut off from even basic life-saving health services, LMH is building a health system that reaches everyone&mdash;by bringing health care to villagers&rsquo; doorsteps.&nbsp; LMH trains community members to be health practitioners for their villages and connects them with rural health clinics to offer every person access

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: National Monitoring and Evaluation and Information Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Cardno Emerging MarketsCountry: ThailandClosing date: 25 Mar 2015The Australia–Asia Program to Combat Trafficking in Persons (AAPTIP) is a five-year (2013–2018) AU$50million initiative of the Australian aid program that aims to reduce the incentives and opportunities for trafficking of persons in the Association of South East Asia Nations (ASEAN) region.AAPTIP builds on Australia’s long-term support for programs to strengthen the criminal justice response to human trafficking in Asia. These programs include the Asia Regional Cooperation to Prevent People Trafficking (ARCPPT;

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Mozambique: Urban Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Country: MozambiqueClosing date: 11 Mar 2015Background information - Cities AllianceThe Cities Alliance is the preeminent global partnership for the promotion of cities in poverty reduction and sustainable development. Headquartered in Brussels, it is a unique partnership with diverse members – local authorities, national governments, international non-governmental organisations, foundations and multi-lateral organisations – which have come together to strengthen both impacts and coherence in urban development.The Cities Alliance’s overall objectives are to support cities in providing effective

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Zimbabwe: Senior Technical Advisor - Zimbabwe (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: ZimbabweClosing date: 03 Apr 2015PSI is a leading global health organization with programs targeting malaria, child survival, HIV and reproductive health. Working in partnership within the public and private sectors, and harnessing the power of the markets, PSI provides life-saving products, clinical services and behavior change communications that empower the world&#39;s most vulnerable populations to lead healthier lives.PSI&#39;s core values are a belief in markets and market mechanisms to contribute to sustained improvements in the lives

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Institutional Projects Coordinator , Muslim Aid, London; £29,000 - £34,000 (source: BOND)

Institutional Projects Coordinator , Muslim Aid, London; £29,000 - £34,000 The Institutional Projects Coordinator will be a member of the CEO department. You will work closely with members of the Overseas and Emergency teams as well as Field Office staff to manage and secure institutional funding for Muslim Aid projects.

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Germany: Programme Coordinator Europe & Central Asia, National Integrity System Assessments Western Balkans and Turkey (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Transparency InternationalCountry: GermanyClosing date: 19 Mar 2015Transparency International (TI) is the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption. Through more than 100 Chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin, Germany, TI raises awareness of the damaging effects of corruption and works with partners in government, business and civil society to develop and implement effective measures to tackle it.Background informationThe Transparency International Secretariat’s 5-year Implementation Plan sets out some ambitious new directions

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Humanitarian Adviser (Corruption Risk Specialist) (source: Relief Web)

Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 22 Mar 2015VACANCYJob title: Humanitarian Adviser (Corruption Risk Specialist)Location: CHASE OT, LondonType of contract: PermanentSalary: £45,520Application deadline: 22 March 2015Our businessThe Conflict, Humanitarian &amp; Security Department’s Operations Team (CHASE OT) is contracted through Crown Agents by the Department of International Development (DFID) and the Stabilisation Unit (SU) to provide support services and an operational team delivering advice and assistance on humanitarian disasters and

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Surge Capacity Research – Regional Baseline Assessment (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PlanCountry: ThailandClosing date: 16 Mar 2015Surge Capacity Research – Regional Baseline Assessment1.1. BackgroundThe transforming surge capacity project aims to strengthen civil society (INGO and NGO) surge capacity. It will bring together START Network agencies and their partners at International, Regional (Asia) and National (Pakistan and Philippines) levels to share and agree good practices and develop minimum standards relating to surge. It will also pilot joint surge initiatives between NGO agencies (e.g. joint rosters), and in collaboration with stakeholders outside

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Niger: Psychologue (h/f), Niger (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du Monde - BelgiqueCountry: NigerClosing date: 31 Mar 2015Médecins du Monde (MdM) est une association médicale de solidarité internationale active dans plus de 70 pays. A l’international, les équipes de Médecins du Monde soignent les populations les plus vulnérables, les victimes de conflits armés ou de catastrophes naturelles. En Europe, nous luttons contre l’exclusion afin que la santé soit un droit fondamental pour toute personne, indépendamment de son lieu de naissance, de son sexe, de son ethnie, de sa condition sociale ou de sa religion.Médecins du Monde Belgique

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

France: UN PSYCHOLOGUE / RESPONSABLE DE PROGRAMME SANTÉ MENTALE ET PRATIQUE DE SOINS – FLYING (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 05 Apr 2015Nous recherchons :UN PSYCHOLOGUE / RESPONSABLE DE PROGRAMME SANTÉ MENTALE ET PRATIQUE DE SOINS – FLYING (H/F)Contexte: La mission globale de ce poste est d’effectuer successivement des missions courtes d’appui ou de « gap filling » dans différents pays.La variété des situations rencontrées nécessite un bagage théorique et une expérience de terrain minimum dans le domaine SMPS avec ACF et/ou d’autres ONG. Elle représente également une opportunité de travailler dans des contextes différents et d’acquérir rapidement

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

France: UN PSYCHOLOGUE / RESPONSABLE DE DÉPARTEMENT SANTÉ MENTALE ET PRATIQUE DE SOINS - FLYING (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 05 Apr 2015Nous recherchons :UN PSYCHOLOGUE / RESPONSABLE DE DÉPARTEMENT SANTÉ MENTALE ET PRATIQUE DE SOINS - FLYING (H/F)Contexte: La mission globale de ce poste est d’effectuer successivement des missions courtes d’appui ou de « gap filling » dans différents pays.La variété des situations rencontrées nécessite un bagage théorique et une expérience de terrain minimum dans le domaine SMPS avec ACF et/ou d’autres ONG. Elle représente également une opportunité de travailler dans des contextes différents et d’acquérir rapidement

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Volunteer HR Admin Assistant (source: CARE)

Commitment:  Minimum 2-3 days per weekDuration:  3 monthsLocation:  Vauxhall, LondonRef:  C686We are seeking an enthusiastic volunteer administrator who can help us with general administration and a key project in the HR team.  This is a great opportunity to gain experience of a busy HR team in an international humanitarian organisation.We are looking for someone with good administrative skills and attention to detail.  You must have good knowledge of Microsoft Office and some experience of working with databases would be useful.The tasks will include:• Updating key HR information• Basic

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Cameroon: Cameroun – Chef de Mission (H/F) – Bertoua (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalCountry: CameroonClosing date: 13 Apr 2015Date de rédaction : 15/01/2015Date de prise de fonction souhaitée : 01/04/2015Durée de la mission : 12 moisLocalisation : BertouaMISSIONPour en savoir plus sur la mission de Solidarités International (SI) au Cameroun:http://www.solidarites.org/fr/nos-missions/camerounEn raison d’un afflux important de réfugiés au cours des derniers mois, le site de Gado et le site de transit se sont retrouvés complètement saturés. Un nouveau site a été identifié ; il s’agit du site de Gado 2 (prévu pour accueillir 6000

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

France: A PSYCHOLOGIST - MENTAL HEALTH & CARE PRACTICES PROGRAM MANAGER - FLYING (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 05 Apr 2015We are looking for:A PSYCHOLOGIST - MENTAL HEALTH &amp; CARE PRACTICES PROGRAM MANAGER - FLYINGContext:The overall mission of this position is to perform successively short support missions or &quot;gap filling&quot; in different countries.The variety of situations requires a minimum of theoretical and practical experience in MHCP with ACF and/or other NGOs. It also represents an opportunity to work in different contexts and to rapidly acquire new experiences and professional skills.Country:VARIOUS LOCATIONS (All

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Senior Communications & Media Officer

Senior Communications &amp; Media Officer&nbsp; &pound;33,828-&pound;35,553, plus 6% non-contributory employer&rsquo;s pension Permanent contract We are seeking to recruit a brilliant, experienced communications and media professional to lead in the delivery of our communications. This is a new post, reflecting the emphasis on communications in our strategic framework for the coming five years, and a unique opening for a creative and self-motivated individual to make a genuine difference in the fight for global justice. The Senior Communications &amp; Media Officer role is pivotal in ensuring

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Director of Campaigns and Policy

&pound;42,823-&pound;45,007, plus 6% non-contributory employer&rsquo;s pension Permanent contract War on Want is a dynamic, radical organisation working in active solidarity with grassroots social movements around the world while undertaking cutting-edge campaigns in the UK and beyond. Our current Campaigns and Policy Director is moving abroad after eight successful years at War on Want, and we are seeking to recruit a brilliant, self-motivated and experienced individual to lead the team in the delivery of our campaigns. You will be responsible to the Executive Director for all War on Want&rsquo;s

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Deputy Coordinator - Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 20 Mar 2015BackgroundSomalia is a complex humanitarian emergency where the Protection Cluster has been activated. The Protection Cluster Coordinator performs a dedicated leadership, coordination, planning, strategy development and advocacy function. The Protection Cluster Coordinator embodies the cluster lead agency’s commitment to work within the framework of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and the cluster approach.The Cluster Coordinator is also expected to impartially represent the interests of the members of

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Regional Gender Justice Lead

About Oxfam Oxfam, one of the leading global development organisations, mobilises the power of people against poverty. Oxfam is a diverse confederation of 17 strongly interconnected national affiliates working in over 90 countries, either directly, or with partners to enable transformational change, using a unique combination of long-term development, campaigning and humanitarian programmes. Oxfam is currently undergoing a period of transformational change which envisions a future where we are a more interdependent network, driven more by knowledge, organised for more simplicity internally

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Humanitarian Desk Officer – Key countries

&nbsp;As part of a global movement for change, we are working together to end world poverty and injustice. About the Job: To be part of a team that ensures selected country programmes and their partners have the capacity to respond rapidly to major humanitarian emergencies and that the resilience of target communities is developed. The Humanitarian Desk Officer will build and maintain strong networks with key country staff, regional offices and&nbsp;Working&nbsp;Oxford based departments in order to coordinate support to coordinate support to selected key countries. About You: We are looking

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

France: A PSYCHOLOGIST - MENTAL HEALTH & CARE PRACTICES HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - FLYING (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 05 Apr 2015We are looking for:A PSYCHOLOGIST - MENTAL HEALTH &amp; CARE PRACTICES HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - FLYINGContext:The overall mission of this position is to perform successively short support missions or &quot;gap filling&quot; in different countries.The variety of situations requires a minimum of theoretical and practical experience in MHCP with ACF and/or other NGOs. It also represents an opportunity to work in different contexts and to rapidly acquire new experiences and professional skills.Country: VARIOUS LOCATIONS

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Regional Finance Manager for MENA - Jordan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: JordanClosing date: 18 Mar 2015Area of Operation: Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Tunisia, LibyaBased in Amman, JordanWho are we?DRC is a Danish international non-governmental organisation, which promotes and supports durable solutions to the problems faced by refugees and internally displaced people all over the world. DRC is present in more than 30 conflict territories around the world assisting displaced people with shelter, food, income generating activities, legal aid and a wide range of other protection assistance. It is of utmost

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

World: Medical Logistics Coordinator- Emergency Health Unit- Hospital Mobile team (2 Roles) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: WorldClosing date: 01 Apr 2015Save the Children’s origins lie in emergency response. The Emergency Health Unit is a new and exciting programme, part of the humanitarian department, that was recently launched to improve humanitarian response. The unit ensures a pre-standing emergency health capacity, including medical supplies, logistics and skilled medical personnel, to deploy anywhere in the world in the event of a major disaster or conflict. This capacity includes the set up of three mobile teams to support primary health care, mass immunization

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

World: WASH Senior Manager- Emergency Health Unit (2 Roles) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: WorldClosing date: 26 Mar 2015About the Emergency Health UnitSave the Children’s origins lie in emergency response. The Emergency Health Unit is a new and exciting programme, part of the humanitarian department, that was recently launched to improve humanitarian response. The unit ensures a pre-standing emergency health capacity, including medical supplies, logistics and skilled medical personnel, to deploy anywhere in the world in the event of a major disaster or conflict. This capacity includes the set up of three mobile teams to support primary

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Program Manager Enery & Housing (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Groupe Energies Renouvelables, Environnement et SolidaritésCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 27 Mar 2015EmployerGERES (www.geres.eu) is a French NGO working worldwide for the improvement of people’s living conditions through preservation of environment and fair and sustainable energy access.In Afghanistan, GERES has been working since 2002 in the fields of energy efficiency and rural development.In Central Highlands of Afghanistan, GERES, in partnership with MADERA and Solidarités International, is starting a 10 million euro programme funded by the French Development Agency

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Senior Education Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 17 Mar 2015Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health,

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

RDC – Responsable de Base Logisticien -Administrateur (H/F) - Béni (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalClosing date: 31 Mar 2015Date de rédaction : 05/03/2015Date de prise de fonction souhaitée : 01/04/2015Durée de la mission :6 moisLocalisation : Béni, Nord Kivu – RDCMISSIONPour en savoir plus sur la mission de Solidarités International (SI) en RDC: http://www.solidarites.org/fr/nos-missions/r-d-congoRESPONSABILITES :Le Responsable de base assure la représentation de Solidarités International par délégation du Coordinateur Zone sur la base de Béni et plus largement la zone géographique du Grand Nord Kivu.Il anime la vie de la base et veille à

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: AME Officer (Coordinateur évaluation et réponse d’urgence) - Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: MaliClosing date: 30 Apr 2015I. ACTEDACTED est une ONG créée en 1993 dont l’objet est la mise en œuvre de programmes d’urgence, de reconstruction et de développement dans les pays en crise et en voie de développement..ACTED intervient dans 35 pays sur 5 zones (Asie, Afrique, Amérique, Europe et Moyen-Orient) et emploie environ 4000 personnes.Suivant une approche de développement intégré répondant à la fois aux besoins économiques, sociaux, éducatifs et culturels depuis plusieurs années, ACTED a étendu son action au

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: CHEF DE PROJET - MULTISECTEURS, RDC Province du KATANGA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 26 Mar 2015COOPI dans le pays :COOPI est présent en République Démocratique du Congo depuis les années 70, principalement dans les provinces de l’est suite au diverses crises intervenues dans le pays dans les années 1990 et 2000. COOPI met notamment en œuvre des projets d’aide d’urgence aux populations déplacées et victimes de la guerre. Par ailleurs, COOPI s’est aussi engagée dans la gestion de projets pluriannuels afin d’assurer une phase de transition de l’urgence au développement dans

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: CHEF DE PROJET - MULTISECTEURS, RDC BUNIA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 26 Mar 2015Description du posteLe/La chef de projet est responsable de l’exécution du projet, en termes techniques, économiques et financiers, et de la gestion des ressources humaines et matérielles sur place à mettre en œuvre pour sa réalisation, dans le respect des procédures de COOPI et du bailleur de fonds. Il/Elle s’assure de l’obtention des résultats prévus par le projet dans le maintien du budget et se réfère au Chef de Mission de COOPI en RDC.Description des taches :Gestion

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern Zone- Senior Program Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 16 Mar 2015PURPOSE OF POSITION:Provide technical oversight for the planning, assessment and design of projects, evaluations and reporting of the World Vision Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Eastern Zone program and provide leadership and supervision to Zonal program officers.KEY RESPONSIBILITIES:Lead the process of identifying opportunities to solicit funding from Institutional Donors (such as UN agencies, USAID, DFID, ECHO, and EC), Multilaterals, Foundations, WVI Support Offices, including conducting

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Child Protection Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: IraqClosing date: 14 Mar 2015*POSITION IS CONTINGENT UPON FUNDING AND DONOR APPROVAL&#92;*PURPOSE OF POSITION:To manage and coordinate the implementation of the assigned Project(s), ensuring that project activities are implemented as planned, meeting desired objectives and goals while being well coordinated and integrated with other programs in the overall World Vision Kurdish Region of Iraq (KRI) Office. The Project Manager will provide technical assistance in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the project in close coordination with

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Health Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: IraqClosing date: 14 Mar 2015Health Project ManagerThis is your opportunity to use your special talents to help improve the lives and futures of some of the world&#39;s most vulnerable children in the most challenging humanitarian context today.You can do this by joining World Vision –a global network of people committed to enhance the well-being and protection of children everywhere by empowering them, their families and communities to overcome the challenges of poverty and injustice.The Health Project Manager will manage and coordinate the implementation

Thu, 05 Mar 2015 00:00:00 GMT

occupied Palestinian territory: Project Development Intern – OPT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: occupied Palestinian territoryClosing date: 30 Apr 2015I. Background on ACTEDACTED is a French humanitarian NGO, founded in 1993, which supports vulnera