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Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change - Bulkeley - 2012 - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers - Wiley Online Library

<p>In this paper, we argue for an approach that goes beyond an institutional reading of urban climate governance to engage with the ways in which government is accomplished through social and technical practices. Central to the exercise of government in this manner, we argue, are &lsquo;climate change experiments&rsquo; &ndash; purposive interventions in urban socio-technical systems designed to respond to the imperatives of mitigating and adapting to climate change in the city. Drawing on three different concepts &ndash; of governance experiments, socio-technical experiments, and strategic experiments &ndash; we first develop a framework for understanding the nature and dynamics of urban climate change experiments. We use this conceptual analysis to frame a scoping study of the global dimensions of urban climate change experimentation in a database of 627 urban climate change experiments in 100 global cities. The analysis charts when and where these experiments occur, the relationship between the social and technical aspects of experimentation and the governance of urban climate change experimentation, including the actors involved in their governing and the extent to which new political spaces for experimentation are emerging in the contemporary city. We find that experiments serve to create new forms of political space within the city, as public and private authority blur, and are primarily enacted through forms of technical intervention in infrastructure networks, drawing attention to the importance of such sites in urban climate politics. These findings point to an emerging research agenda on urban climate change experiments that needs to engage with the diversity of experimentation in different urban contexts, how they are conducted in practice and their impacts and implications for urban governance and urban life.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

26 Nov 2014 17:22:11 GMT

Gender justice and climate justice: community-based strategies to increase women’s political agency in watershed management in times of climate change

<p>Women are one of the groups which are disproportionately affected by climate change in developing countries, especially in relation to culturally prescribed roles related to water management. Women are however, often un-represented in decision-making related to climate change. This article describes initiatives which promoted women&rsquo;s participation through south-north partnerships in urban areas of Brazil, Canada, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa. The article begins by outlining how poverty and gendered inequalities are not only overlooked in environmental policies, but affect participation in their formulation itself. It highlights the crucial role of grassroots civil society in addressing these inequalities and promoting climate justice. The Sister&rsquo;s Watershed Project, linked universities in Toronto, Canada and Sao Paulo, Brazil, to address the lack of female participation in watershed policies through education and training of a variety of grassroots stakeholders. The second project, which dealt with climate change adaptation in three Africa cities &ndash; Durban, Nairobi and Maputo &ndash; focussed on strengthening the role of civil society to characterise and influence the institutional framework for urban water governance. The authors argue that women&rsquo;s knowledge of local water conditions is incomparable and must be shared and incorporated into local, national and international decision-making and processes, in order for climate change responses to be just.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:30:17 GMT

Participatory planning, justice, and climate change in Durban, South Africa

<p>This academic article explores how participatory governance in urban environmental planning was implemented and experience in Durban, a coastal city in South Africa. The author, Aylett, contextualises participatory governance with the literatures on social justice and climate change. He highlights how participation has been promoted as a method to achieve social justice concerns, yet its impacts have often either just resulted in top-down agendas, or led to exclusion of the typically marginalised, thus perpetuating inequalities. &nbsp;The author acknowledges that the conceptualisation of participation has had impacts upon how it has produced and reproduced power imbalances at local scales, and draws on the philosophical work of Habermas and Foucault to outline the point. Next, he illustrates how participation concerns have pervaded the climate change discourse through the language of climate justice, where it is advocated that inclusive deliberation and decision-making will engage communities to actively participate in planning a future related to climate change which has equitable benefits and impacts. Aylett goes on to explore how participation, with the goal of climate justice, played out in Durban. He finds that deliberative structures and participatory planning and budgeting were successfully institutionalised in the municipality, which led to the participation of previously excluded groups. However, participations did not break down existing unequal patterns of energy consumption, nor did they have substantive impact on implementation of climate change related policies; their low budget prioritisation by the government being an example. Furthermore, conflicts between civil society and government prevented deliberative participatory governance in certain instances and led to greater participation and representation of needs from specific wards. The author calls for greater civil society contribution to formal participatory processes in future. By making the conflict productive, in the right forums, it could even out representation and action on climate change related policies.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:20:26 GMT

Justice in urban climate change adaptation: criteria and application to Delhi

<p>The authors argue that it is not only important to understand if adaptation as it is implemented in cities is just, but that the way in which it is conceptualized and planned must be just too. They call for the development of clear criteria for identifying justice in urban scale climate change responses. This article is organized into three sections. It begins by contextualizing the concept of climate justice at the urban level by describing the adaptation challenges faced by cities and how vulnerabilities intersect with them. The second section discusses the ways in which justice could be considered, through first representing vulnerable groups in the planning processes of climate change adaptation; second through prioritizing their needs and,; third, impacts and outcomes which enhance their freedoms and assets. It adds that in order to account for the issues faced by vulnerable groups viz-a-viz climate change, one has to recognize the potential mechanisms of injustice. They present a four-point criteria for identifying injustice at the urban level, which includes:&nbsp;<br />i) the political economy of poverty &ndash; the politics of citizenship, inclusion, exclusion and representation at the city-level which can lead to marginalized groups&nbsp;<br />ii) thick injustice &ndash; deeply rooted injustice which emerges as a result of historic decision-making and governance at the city-level which is difficult to identify and thus counter&nbsp;<br />iii) technocratic governance &ndash; activities pursued in languages and data which are technical and thus exclude citizens without such experience or fluency<br />&nbsp;iii) institutional capacities &ndash; insufficient capacity administrative, technical or financial capacities at the local government level to pursue just climate change policies</p><p>The article uses this thinking to explore climate justice and injustice in the case of Delhi through a range of interviews with government, NGOs and academia. It highlighted that the city, although an early adopter of climate change adaptation, did not satisfy any of three criteria for justice. It found that the political economy of poverty and insufficient government capacity were the drivers of this injustice. The author calls for more research into these mechanisms of injustice, and a broader consideration in future climate change policies and planning of how citizenship and participation impact the potential for urban climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:00:55 GMT

Contesting climate justice in the city: Examining politics and practice in urban climate change experiments

<p>The concept of climate justice has been debated and contested at the scale of international climate change negotiations. Bulkeley and colleagues introduce the ways in which climate justice is being conceptualised, debated and pursued at the urban scale. They suggest it is practical and necessary to do so to achieve the broad aims of climate justice, because while attempts at international level seek to reduce power inequalities between states, such inequalities also exist within nation-states and impact upon the experience of climate change for the poorest and most vulnerable. This paper is split into three sections, the first considers how climate justice has been framed to date at the international level &ndash; which has focussed on rights and responsibilities, in relation to procedures and distributions. The second argues there is need for expansion of the conceptual framework to include recognition &ndash;&nbsp;in order to capture the multi-dimensional nature of what responses might entail. This is especially important for considering justice at the urban level &ndash; where a number of socio-economic injustices related to climate change are produced and re-produced. The third section illustrates how urban climate change experiments have been pursued and what their implications are in relation to climate justice.</p><p>The authors present cases from five cities: Bangalore, Monterrey, Hong Kong, Philadelphia and Berlin, and highlight how justice was conceptualised, practised and contested in each. They found that when climate justice was framed in terms of responsibilities, there was latent consideration of power imbalances, which impacted upon how mitigation projects were implemented. When framed in terms of rights, there was attention to patterns of advantage and disadvantage in the policy for climate change projects, but this either weakened when it came to implementation, or over-focussed on the rights of one group who were uninterested over the rights of a larger constituency who were keen to address the issue. The authors argue that the incorporation of recognition concerns would be useful as a starting point to explore what types of rights, responsibilities, procedures and distributions should be pursued to achieve forms of climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:57:07 GMT

Climate finance in the urban context

<p>This World Bank issues brief succinctly maps out potential climate financing opportunities for cities. It starts with describing the financing challenges and costs of adapting cities to resilient, low carbon development paths. The second section maps out current sources of urban climate finance, noting of case studies where cities have benefitted. &nbsp;These include, national and international funds for mitigation and adaptation; risk management instruments available to insure cities are protected against the costs of natural disasters and can mobilise finance quickly for emergency and reconstruction; market instruments including carbon finance and climate bonds; and public and private finance sources &nbsp;through direct and indirect investments. The third section argues urban climate finance through improved urban planning and an efficient combination of existing financial resourcing options can leverage new forms of financing from public and private sources. It argues that cities should start to have more influence on the international climate finance agenda by participating in measuring, reporting and verification of GhGs and conducting urban vulnerability and risk assessments. The author concludes by charting a range of ways for cities to become effective conduits for climate funding in future.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:52:32 GMT

Urban low carbon growth: financing opportunities for Indian cities

<p>This report, prepared by ICLEI South Asia with support from the British High Commission in Delhi discusses the opportunities for urban climate finance in Indian cities. It starts by detailing the context of urbanisation in India, and its impacts upon governance at the city and local government levels. It outlines India&rsquo;s impacts with regards global GhG emissions, noting the city areas are the major sources. In order to explore the challenges faced and the opportunities for climate finance, the authors conducted a qualitative review which included interviewing key stakeholders in government, civil society and banks, to understand current sources of climate finance available to urban policymakers, and the barriers. Based on the results, coupled with secondary research, the report proposes various policies, across various sectors, which could pursue low carbon, resilient development in India. Next, it outlines the schemes and financing available at various scales for low carbon urban growth and renewable energy, offering case study examples.</p><p>The authors found that there is a wide range of funding options available to Indian cities. However, poor technical, governance and financial capacities limit local governments to capitalise upon them. The fragmentation of authority through devolution currently leads to problems for unified planning processes at the city level, but presents an opportunity in future for mobilising new and innovative sources of climate finance. Even when finance is made available from multi and bi-lateral donors, local governments face difficulties in tracking and accessing the funds. This creates barriers to implementation, even when a unified policy framework has been put in place. Even with transparent financing, Indian local governments face a series of challenges which hamper attempts at implementation, which are outlined by the authors. Greater private sector involvement would help to mobilise finance, but private investors remain hesitant due to bureaucratic problems which great too great a risk for them to pursue the investment. The authors outline a range of responses to reduce those risks.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:48:35 GMT

Climate finance for cities and buildings - a handbook for local governments

<p>This handbook has been developed by UNEP to provide an overview and capacity-building for local government stakeholders about mechanisms to finance climate change adaption and mitigation. The second chapter lays out the international context to climate change mitigation, including the key challenges and opportunities for both cities and buildings, suggesting some tools to access climate finance. The third outlines the &lsquo;Measuring, Reporting and Verification&rsquo; (MRV) principles, arguing they are very important for GHG mitigation activities. Chapter four, still focussing on cities and building, describes both climate and carbon finance and their key access mechanisms. The report utilises case urban studies which implemented mitigation from climate and carbon finance in order to demonstrate best practise and learnings from climate and carbon finance.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:44:35 GMT

The Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance action statement

<p>This action statement is laid out with the aim to catalyse and accelerate capital flows to cities for investment in climate change responses such as low carbon development and resilient infrastructure, over the coming 15 years. The statement starts by highlighting the significant gap in investments and financial opportunities for cities to invest in climate-resilient infrastructure and mitifation activities. It outlines the structural and institutional barriers which are currently preventing greater climate finance to cities. Next it outlines the commitments made by the alliance members, which include:<br />i) Knowledge exchange and support for best-practise<br />ii) Advocacy to transform the financing landscape, engagement with finance leaders, and policy reform which incentivises and encourages investments in low carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure<br />iii) Research and knowledge management to document and share the landscape of urban climate finance and identify innovative pathways to access or build it.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:40:25 GMT

Financing the Resilient City: A demand driven approach to development, disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation

<p>ICLEI &ndash; Local Governments for Sustainability - proposes cities pioneer a demand-driven approach to climate financing. This approach involves &lsquo;inverting&rsquo; the typical development financing approach by: i) bottom-up planning for identifying climate vulnerabilities and risks, ii) bottom up development of appropriate resilience strategies, using local capacity and expertise, and then, iii) bottom up procurement of finances to support the strategies. The authors propose that this process would enable and motivate financial service providers to create a market of diversified pools of investment, allowing much larger potential flows of climate finance to cities &ndash; without relying on gaining access from the international climate funds.</p><p>The report is divided into three sections. The first outlines that this was developed in response to the feedback of key stakeholders at the 2010 Resilient Cities Congress held in Bonn, Germany. It details the history and rationale of ICLEI, and the range of bottom-up approaches to mitigation and adaption the organisation has developed and procured finance for. It argues that the majority future costs of adaptation and mitigation will be borne in the urban sphere, which creates a resilience investment opportunity. The second section contends that waiting for international climate finance poses a risk to cities, because the costs of adaptation are set to far outweigh the available funds. It proposes a the demand-driven approach as an opportunity: by integrating various sectors and mobilising the private sector, it aligns various agendas including adaptation, mitigation, human security and sustainable development, promoting more transformational forms of urban resilience. The third section outlines the requirements for a resilient city approach, which address local environmental factors, infrastructure, buildings, commercial life, social life, institutions, and governance issues comprehensively, in an integrated fashion. The fourth section describes how to create market conditions for financing resilient cities. The final section proposes ways to create more financial flows to resilient-city building through innovations in risk-based financial instruments. The authors conclude that a new &lsquo;alliance for resilient cities&rsquo;, which would include private sector partners and financial services providers, could pilot some comprehensive, bottom-up resilience projects.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:36:38 GMT

The Global Cities Covenant on Climate “Mexico City Pact”: A strategic Global Instrument for Cities and Local Governments Combatting Climate Change

<p>The Mexico City Pact was launched at the World Mayors Summit on Climate in Mexico City on 21 November 2010. It is signed by 207 cities and local governments worldwide and this report compiles progress achieved in the first two years. &nbsp;Divided into three key sections, it begins by describing the significance of the Covenant in the fight against climate change, particularly the integration of Mayors into the international climate change negotiation process in order to promote urban focuses and needs, and promoting mainstreamed, integrated responses to climate change at the city level in innovative and strategic ways. The second section describes the history of the pact, including its development and evolution and the roles of key mayor stakeholders in the process. The third illustrates the results of the Pact up to 2012, including its influence in putting urban climate resilience on the international agenda and its growth of signatory cities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:33:44 GMT

City level climate change plans and policies

<p>This article is published by the Evidence and Lessons from Latin America (ELLA) Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities. This was a four-month online learning exchange between policymakers, practitioners and researchers from Latin America, Africa and South Asia who are policymakers, practitioners and researchers working on urban climate change issues. This document highlights the debates had around the issue of city-level climate change policies and plans, chaired by two expert stakeholders, from cities considered to be leading at integrating potentially transformative climate resilience at the city-level: Quito, Ecuador and Mexico City.</p><p>Split into three parts, the first documents the debates had amongst all stakeholders around whether comprehensive city-level policies and plans are an increasing trend in developing cities, and secondly, whether existing policy and planning contexts are enabling for enhancing urban climate resilience. The discussion highlighted that while this was an increasing trend in Latin America, city-level efforts remained rare in Africa and Asia. Some countries lacked a national focus on climate change resilience, while others had national policies but a lack of local government mandate, interest or capacity to promote resilience at the city-level. Climate change policies were claimed to be, commonly, knee-jerk responses to extreme climate events. Ultimately there is work to be done in creating enabling conditions for urban climate change policies and planning. Sections two and three describe the cases of Quito and Mexico City in terms of what were the challenges and enabling factors for their city-level policies. The experts highlight the importance of taking an inter-institutional, holistic approach to policy through focussing on steps which involve multiple stakeholders, including citizens and the private sector, and have multiple benefits i.e. mitigation, adaptation, conservation, social and environmental development. The strong political will of city-government stakeholders, especially Mayors, and young environmental leaders in civil society helped to catalyse action.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:27:37 GMT

Building urban climate resilience: learning from the ACCCRN experience in India

<p>This article, written by TERI, of the Asian City Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), reviews the ways in which seven of the programme&rsquo;s Indian cities prepared climate resilience strategies. It notes how the policy-making context in India proves highly challenging for stakeholders trying to integrate resilience planning into policy across government. The need for, local, cross-department coordination is hampered in the context of national and state-led policies and budgetary allocations, and competing sectoral interests. It highlights how the ACCCRN has worked with 10 Asian cities to institutionalise urban climate resilience through participatory planning with city government, private sector and citizen stakeholders. The ACCCRN aims to expand the network to new regions, hence this paper aims to identity potential replication opportunities from the cities&rsquo; methodologies and processes, as well as identify challenges, gaps, and opportunities. This article focuses on the experiences in seven Indian cities: Surat, Indore, Guwahati, Bhubaneswar, Gorakhpur, Mysore and Shimla.</p><p>The methodologies differed to some extent due to contextual differences related to socio-political and geographic factors, stakeholder relationships, qualitative and quantitative skills, availability of existing data and time frames. Nevertheless, some common features were prerequisites for resilience-building: i) risk assessments including climate projections, sectoral analysis, vulnerability assessments and, ii) city resilience studies to identify a framework of strategies for building resilience and reducing vulnerabilities, including sectors for intervention and pilot projects. In order to promote successful replication, the authors highlight a range of necessary steps, including: capacity-building in the methodologies across stakeholders, institutionalisation of the resilience-building process at city-level through cross-department coordinating bodies, and policy and implementation support from state or national governments.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:19:27 GMT

Towards resilience and transformation for cities within a finite planet

<p>Sattherwaite and Dodman&rsquo;s editorial is an introduction to a special issue of environment and urbanisation which focusses on climate change responses in cities. It usefully summarises the state of debates about the meanings and complexities of the resilience and transformation concepts, pointing to the latest literature. It focuses on the following areas: i) cities capacity for change in the context of powerful corporate and political interests; ii) the differences between focussing on resilience, and transformation, in terms of counteracting these interests in order to promote inclusive responses to climate change, and; iii) the ways in which cities are learning from and holding each other accountable through networks and partnerships. The authors conclude that the literature is yet to comprehensively detail the support needed to catalyse fundamental changes in political and social systems to promote transformation.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:16:11 GMT

Cities: Engines of national and global growth (The New Climate Economy Report 2014)

<p>This report was produced by a partnership of seven leading policy and research institutions from the developing and the developed world. It argues that building more climate resilient cities will be beneficial for economic resilience and the global economy, contrary to concerns about the economic trade-offs of adaptation and mitigation. The economic, social and environmental costs of urban growth in the current trajectory, outweigh the benefits. More compact urban growth and more connected and environmentally efficient infrastructure could not only reduce GhG emissions by 1.5 billion tonnes by 2030, but could also drive economic productivity, as well as social and health benefits. Leadership has been demonstrated in adaptations, especially in the transport sector, but there needs to be new approaches to planning which integrate sectors such as transport, infrastructure and land use with wider economic, social and environmental objectives.&nbsp;<br />Taking into account the unique geographies and economies of different cities, the report divides them into emerging, global megacities and mature cities and compares their different threats and opportunities. It provides policy recommendations for infrastructural adaptations as per their category. &nbsp;It calls for three major approaches to future urban growth:&nbsp;<br />i) Compact development &ndash; planned and managed expansion interspersed with greenspaces. It should focus on higher-density, contiguous development, with functionally and socially mixed neighbourhoods, and walkable, human-scale local urban environments.<br />ii) Connected infrastructure &ndash; smarter, more efficient and integrated transport systems, buildings and energy sources.&nbsp;<br />iii) Coordinated governance &ndash; planning, policies and implementation shared across government departments and sectors. This should prevent other national priorities from overriding climate resilient development.<br />It concludes that the international community has a role to play in promoting the adoption of these strategies, through the sharing and support of best practise.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:12:11 GMT

Mexico City's Green Plan: EcoMobility in motion

<p>This report by ICLEI describes the &lsquo;green transportation plan&rsquo; of Mexico City, previously known as one of the most polluted cities in the world. The transport system has relied on cars and environmentally inefficient and unsafe microbuses, creating extreme levels of congestion which led to an average daily commute of 2.5 hours and dangerous levels of environmental pollution &ndash; posing threats to the health and welfare of its residents. In 2007, the city adopted its first, 15 year, &lsquo;Green Plan&rsquo;, which set out to address climate change through reducing GhG emissions and promoting &lsquo;ecomobility&rsquo; &ndash; non-motorised means of transportation. The plan has focussed on the expansion of the subway system and the upgrading of the bus network to a &lsquo;Bus Rapid Transit System&rsquo; (BRT).</p><p>The plan has led to the development of:<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A new, 12th subway line<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Three additional bus corridors<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Bus-only lanes to provide faster journeys<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A compulsory transport system for schools students to travel by either public transportation, bicycle or on foot&nbsp;<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Pedestrianisation of neighbourhoods and historical centres<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A non-motorised lanes programme to increase the number and length of bike lanes<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;An affordable, short-term bike-rent scheme&nbsp;<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The closure of certain major roads to cars, to make way for pedestrians and cyclists</p><p>Results show that the plan has had significant impacts after three years, including: the reduction of 342, 000 average daily cars on the roads; a shift of 15% previous driving commuters to eco-mobile modes of transportation; 21 schools enrolled on the compulsory transport system; 4000 registered eco-bike users; the reduction of 960 tonnes of pollutants; and the development of a new culture of respect for pedestrians and cyclists. However, due to the highly ambitious nature of the plan, some of the scheduled activities are not advancing on time. ICLIEI concludes that taking a mid-term approach to strategizing was beneficial to policymaking, resource planning and implementation. Participation is a crucial element of success in terms of planning and motivating stakeholders to take on behavioural changes. This case study provides an example and a template for replication in other cities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:06:25 GMT

Landslide risk reduction measures by the Rio de Janeiro City Government

<p>This chapter gives the history of the GEO-RIO foundation, an institute of geotechnics of the municipal government, which has been working to map the risk of landslides and develop prevention measures for almost 50 years. This article highlights their work since the 2010 floods, with the city Mayor, to develop a Disaster Risk Reduction Action Plan, which includes newer technologies for mapping risk, stabilising areas, early warning systems and protecting vulnerable populations.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:53:41 GMT

Sheltering from a gathering storm: Typhoon resilience in Vietnam

<p>This case study documents the rapid urbanization and economic development of Da Nang, a city in central Vietnam. It&rsquo;s geography &ndash; being located on the tropical storm belt, and characterised by both mountain ranges and low-lying coastal areas &ndash; renders it a disaster prone city affected by various water-related hazards which translate into catastrophe on an annual basis. Typhoons are a particular threat, with storms hitting the city between 3-5 times per year and affecting 80-90% of the population. The housing sector is deemed acutely vulnerable to weather extremes and storms often cause critical damages to thousands of houses. The authors note that per capita economic development has in fact increased housing vulnerability, because residents are using newer construction materials, often without sufficient technical knowledge or safety measures. Around 70% of newer houses did not incorporate typhoon resistant features, and many located in low-lying areas did not use flood-protection features either. Furthermore, while the government has introduced disaster risk reduction (DRR) measures through building codes, they only apply to houses over 250 metres squared, and smaller houses do not face regulations. These factors renders those living in the hazard prone areas at particular risk of disaster, especially the poorest groups.</p><p>The authors use an economic perspective, through the following methods, to outline the costs and benefits of using typhoon resilient housing in Da Nang.</p><p>i) They collected city-level data related to climate hazards and damage, and built an event frequency model for creating climate scenarios and projections.</p><p>ii) Household surveys were conducted to assess past damage experienced as a result of typhoon events.</p><p>iii) Through shared learning dialogues with local stakeholders they identified climate hazards, conducted a vulnerability assessment and assessed preferences for typhoon-resistant housing.</p><p>iv) A resilient housing design competition was held to seek the best housing solutions in the face of climate change.</p><p>v) A quantitative Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) calculated the economic efficiency of typhoon resistant housing while considering past events and damages in light of future projections.</p><p>The report concludes that innovative housing solutions are affordable and local communities are willing to invest in them if funding options are available. The CBA showed that the return on investment depended upon the year the typhoon occurred, but can be high especially if during the early years of the housing lifetime. They suggest several policy responses including providing subsidised loans, micro-insurance policies, improving awareness of vulnerable communities, and adapting building codes to ensure safer and more resilient housing.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:36:09 GMT

Building urban food resilience: assessing the peri-urban food system in Kathmandu Nepal

<p>This report from ISET-Nepal describes how agricultural production in urban and peri-urban areas of inland city, Kathmandu, has become unable to meet food security demands due to rapid urban growth and decreased water availability and water pollution. The report describes the physical, environmental and social vulnerabilities of the food system and populations of the Kathmandu valley. It predicts that continued urbanisation combined with climate change risks including erratic rainfall, rise in temperature and drought, will reduce food security by affecting the production of crops, livelihoods and the transportation of food to the most vulnerable communities, especially in times of extreme weather events like landslides.</p> <p>ISET propose a set of recommendations to adapt and build resilience to the peri-urban food system, which include: understanding the way vulnerabilities are interlinked and can be addressed through an iterative process of shared learning between various stakeholders; planting trees around farming lots to reduce heat island effects; creating new, more resilient systems of food transport; promote capacity development in innovative farming methods, or skills for new livelihood sources; composting of food waste; governance reforms to create desire for, and accountability for resilience measures.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:30:13 GMT

Vulnerabilities and responses to climate change for Dhaka

<p>This article looks at Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, one of the world&rsquo;s largest and fastest growing megacities. It is also the most densely populated city in the world, and as a result, faces a range of environmental problems which threaten both the health and security of its residents and the ecosystems. A low-lying coastal city, Dhaka is surrounded by water, making it known as the most vulnerable city in the world to natural disasters. It is argued that the impacts of climate change will exacerbate its significant existing vulnerabilities. This paper describes the city&rsquo;s development history, it&rsquo;s key vulnerabilities and institutions. It then documents Dhaka&rsquo;s contribution to climate change, which is negligible compared to the global figures, but is set to increase with its current resource use trajectory. Next it predicts the two major ways climate change will affect Dhaka &ndash; through flood-risk (also causing drainage congestion) and heat stress affecting a range of people and sectors &ndash; outlining how these climate risks have overlapped with vulnerabilities to create disasters in history. It highlights a range of responses already taken to adapt to these risks, and suggests future avenues.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:21:27 GMT

Water in Mexico City: what will climate change bring to its history of water-related hazards and vulnerabilities?

<p>The author highlights the risks Mexico City has historically faced with regards to water-related hazards, including flooding and water scarcity, and how various urban transformations have exacerbated the city&rsquo;s exposure to such risks. She proceeds to describe the ways in which environmental, social and economic vulnerabilities of the population, infrastructure and systems intersect with such risks, the more vulnerable populations have less propensity to adaptive capacity. She argues that climate change is likely to aggravate vulnerabilities, and the city needs to develop a long term disaster risk reduction framework which would i) develop capacities to anticipate and respond to hazards; ii) address underlying processes of socio-environmental deterioration that reduce the city&rsquo;s ability to reduce the impacts of hazards impacts; and, iii) engage with the socioeconomic and institutional factors driving vulnerabilities which affect adaptive capacities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:14:59 GMT

Assessing rural transformations: piloting a qualitative impact protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia

<p>This paper contributes to the literature on qualitative approaches to impact evaluation (QUIP) particularly in complex contexts. It reports on substantive and methodological findings from four pilot studies of a protocol for qualitative impact evaluation of NGO sponsored rural development projects in Malawi and Ethiopia. Two of the projects aimed to build resilience to climate change through support for a spectrum of livelihood diversification activities, while two focused on smallholder involvement in the value chains of specific cash crops.</p><p>The protocol was designed and tested through action research with the aim of generating evidence in a credible, timely and cost-effective way to confirm the causal theories underpinning project actions, as well as to explore incidental sources of change and unanticipated effects. The paper describes the methodology, provides an overview of findings and reflects on lessons learnt in addressing problems of attribution, confirmation bias and generalisability. It suggests scope for further development of responses to these issues based on self-reported attribution, partial blinding of respondents and nesting qualitative evaluation in quantitative monitoring.</p>

25 Nov 2014 11:45:51 GMT

Reading list: Training session on IPCC WGII contribution to AR5

<p>This reading list has been compiled to support DFID&rsquo;s internal training sessions on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group II (WG II) contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). The reading list is an annotated bibliography with a synopsis of content for each material and it is divided into three sections.</p><p>The first section contains a short list of pre-session reading materials. The second section is focused on resources to fill evidence gaps from a development perspective. While these resources are aimed at development practitioners, they are mainly drawn from grey literature. The third section contains a range of supplementary reading materials, mainly drawn from academic literature, that are designed to build and expand on the evidence base presented by WG II. They are grouped around the following themes: economic growth, poverty alleviation, food (including agriculture, livestock and fisheries), disasters, water, health, cities, human security and adaptation. Relevant resources for geographical regions and long term projections are also included.</p>

25 Nov 2014 10:10:41 GMT

Instituting REDD+: An analysis of the processes and outcomes of two pilot projects in Brazil and Tanzania

<p>REDD readiness is about developing national strategies for REDD+ including the necessary systems to ensure reduced DD, encompassing systems for monitoring/carbon accounting and distribution of international compensations. Establishing REDD+ is a process of change not least regarding actions on the ground.</p><p>To facilitate the process, new institutions &ndash; e.g. rules &ndash; for the use of forests must be created. Clarification of property and use rights to forests may also be necessary as part of this process. Moreover, systems for monitoring and control must be developed. Finally, the creation of new organisations &ndash; both at national and local levels &ndash; may be necessary.</p><p>From this perspective, establishing REDD+ is about creating the necessary governance structures. A core question in that respect is the legitimacy of such a process and its outputs. Concerning the former, issues regarding participation in decision-making, accountability and transparency are key. Concerning the latter, the focus is on how acceptable the changes in the governance structure are found to be by the involved groups.</p><p>Establishing REDD+ is a learning process. Hence, a set of pilot projects have been set up to facilitate this. In this report, we document experiences from two such pilots. The first is a project in the RDS Rio Negro in Amazonas, Brazil. The other is in Kilosa, Tanzania. Our objective was to document and evaluate experiences with the process and outputs of introducing REDD+ in these two pilots.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences(UMB).</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:48:18 GMT

The Ongo Community Forest REDD+ pilot Project, Uganda: A socioeconomic baseline survey

<p>This report aims to synthesise information on current socioeconomic conditions within the villages that are to be involved in the Ecotrust Pro-Poor REDD+ pilot project in the Masindi district of western Uganda. Results from this research provide a baseline of the socioeconomic conditions of households in these villages that can be compared with follow-up surveys to be conducted after the REDD pilot has been in operation for some time. This comparison will help determine the impacts of the REDD+ pilot on poverty reduction and sustainable development.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences(UMB). Results from Uganda will later be combined with research from other countries (Vietnam, Brazil, Ghana and Tanzania) to compare the impacts across countries.</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:30:57 GMT

The Kilosa District REDD+ pilot project, Tanzania: A socioeconomic baseline study

<p>Tanzania has decided to embark upon a national REDD programme to meet its obligations of managing its forests sustainably while responding to poverty reduction initiatives. As part of the REDD Readiness phase, nine pilot projects are being carried out in different areas of the country to draw lessons to assist in structuring a successful REDD+ in the future. This study was conducted in Kilosa District where the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), in collaboration with Tanzania Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA), are implementing one of the pilots.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB).</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:17:36 GMT

Reducing the vulnerability of urban slum dwellers in the Southern African region to the impact of climate change and disasters

<p>Current estimates of climate change state that the world&rsquo;s average temperature is due to increase by at least 2oC to 2.4oC over the next 50‐100 years. Furthermore it is expected that by the end of the century a range of additional impacts will be felt: sea levels will rise by an estimated 60cm, resulting in flooding and the salinisation of fresh water aquifers, and snow and ice cover will decrease. Simultaneously, precipitation patterns will change so that some areas will receive large increases whilst other areas will become hotter and drier.</p><p>This concept paper summarises some of the current issues, concerns and debates surrounding urban vulnerability, climate change and the ability of certain adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p><p>Importantly for urban areas, it is expected that there will be an increase in the number and severity of certain types of &ldquo;disasters&rdquo; such as tropical cyclones, storms, floods and heat waves (GTZ, n.d.). There will also be a host of indirect impacts for cities, such as decreases in food production, freshwater availability and large numbers of migrants and climate change refugees (World Bank, 2010).</p><p>The paper find that the end result is that poor urban dwellers who already live in states of vulnerability and currently bear the highest health and diseases burden will be most affected by climate change. Within that group, differentiations can still be made such that women, the very young, and very old, new migrants and the generally socially and politically marginalized will be most adversely affected.</p><p>The author conludes by admiting that there are certainly &lsquo;gaps&rsquo; in the literature, advocacy&nbsp; on vulnerability of urban dwellers to climate change and suggests a variety of interventions around land rights, land tenure and vulnerability, mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p>

21 Nov 2014 14:16:08 GMT

Fighting for land security in Southern Africa

<p>It has emerged quite clearly from Urban LandMark&rsquo;s work in South Africa &ndash; and increasingly in the region &ndash; that the emergence of more sophisticated property markets has taken place locally and in most larger cities in the region. While there might be a need to assist these markets to develop further, in particular the need to build market institutions and professions, these groupings tend to increase their own capacities as the markets develop, mostly with little assistance.</p><p>In the Southern Africa region, something more fundamental is needed. Most poor people, the majority in most cities and towns, do not have a legalised pathway to accessing land. They also do not have an administratively and legally supported way of holding onto land once they have accessed it &ndash; usually extra-legally, or in areas just beyond urban boundaries where land law becomes quasi- or fully customary. And nor do they have any way of then trading legally in property or use rights. As a result, many people occupy land or inadequate shelter illegally and are then constantly vulnerable to eviction, have little access to basic services, and are not part of the planning process of cities.</p><p>This study finds that entrenched urban poverty is as much a symptom of weak access to land and property as it is a cause. Therefore, upgrading settlements and incremental movement towards secure tenure for families living in poverty is a crucial part of building resilient livelihoods and communities in southern Africa. Markets are part of the picture if more fundamental inclusion of the poor into the urban economy is to be addressed, because it is about competition for valuable space and about (sustainable) participation in growing urban economies.</p><p>The paper observes that the issue of climate change is real stressin that where rapidly growing cities meet the effects of climate change, the future may well be bleak, especially if cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be characterised by poverty, inequality and<br />weak institutions.</p><p>The author argues that if access to land, how land is held and how land is traded are not clearly defined (whether for residential or business purposes), one of the key building blocks for sustainable poverty alleviation and economic growth is missing. Similar to the argument for food security, land security is fundamental to development in the region. In order to achieve this, the paper concludes by recommending that comprehensive urban poverty strategies need to be linked to city development strategies.</p>

21 Nov 2014 13:17:45 GMT

Stepping up to the challenge – Six Issues facing global climate change and food security

<p>There are several complex and interrelated challenges and barriers to achieving global food and nutrition security in an increasingly variable&nbsp;<br />climate. Without urgent action for mitigation and adaptation, the&nbsp;world faces more loss and damage and this will further threaten the&nbsp;productive capacity and long-term viability of smallholder farmers.</p><p>Key issues noted in this briefing include:<br />1. Scale up proven action and practice;<br />2. Ensure equitable outcomes for women;<br />3. Give decision-making power to farmers;<br />4. Enhance nutrition security, not just food security;<br />5. Make mitigation an opportunity for, rather than a threta to food security;<br />6. Support markets and value chains for low-income producers and consumers.</p>

17 Nov 2014 15:17:59 GMT

South-South trade in renewable energy: A trade flow analysis of selected environmental goods

<p>This study analyses trends and opportunities for trade among developing countries (i.e. South-South trade) in selected environmental goods, in order to assess the contribution such trade can make to a green economy transition. The study focuses on South-South trade flows in several renewable energy products and their components, including solar photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules, wind turbines, hydroelectric turbines, biomass feedstock, solar water heaters and solar lighting equipment, as well as other select environmental goods. The latter include water filtering and purification equipment and environmentally preferable products, such as organic agricultural goods.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:49:23 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Climate protection as a world citizen movement

<p>This report recommends CO2 emissions from fossil fuels to zero by 2070 at the latest. It argues that the 2&deg;C line can only be held if a large proportion of actors &ndash; especially the OECD countries &ndash; start reducing their emissions much earlier. In this report the WBGU outlines a dual strategy for global climate protection based on interaction between multilateralism and civil society. It argues that to achieve this, on the one hand the Paris climate agreement targeted for late 2015 should exhibit certain characteristics set out by the WBGU. In particular, a process should be agreed to ensure compliance with the 2 &deg;C guard rail. On the other hand, the report argues, all civil-society actors should make their specific contributions towards decarbonization.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:34:52 GMT

Cities and climate change: National governments enabling local action

<p>This report explores how enabling policy frameworks at the national level can support critical urban action to combat climate change. It argues that cities have a unique ability to address global climate change challenges and that local action takes place in the context of broader national frameworks that can either empower or slow down city-level action; therefore, supportive national and regional policies and incentives are required to ensure city-level initiatives have sufficient resources and potential to effect meaningful change. The report states that national policies often establish what cities can and cannot do in terms of climate policy action (e.g. access to financial resources) and that national support is needed to help cities establish policy frameworks and minimum standards and to garner the required resources and technical information. The report highlights that cities need to mobilise private capital to fill funding gaps for green urban infrastructure projects.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:24:17 GMT

The right climate for development: why the SDGs must act on climate change

<p>This report argues that tackling climate change, poverty eradication and sustainable development has to be integrating and cannot be approached as spate issues.</p><p>This report argues that if action is not taken to cut emissions and to support communities to adapt to the changes that they are already experiencing, its impacts will only increase. The new UN Post-2015 development Framework, to be agreed in September 2015, will include a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report argues that this offers a &lsquo;crucial opportunity&rsquo; to ensure the threat to poverty reduction from climate change is adequately addressed. It states that robust action to achieve emissions cuts and resilience to the impacts of climate change must be integrated throughout the SDGs and reinforced in a strong standalone goal on climate.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:16:48 GMT

Climate change in Mali: expected impacts on pests and diseases afflicting livestock

<p>This report presents a series of tables which analyse the potential impact of a changed climate on the most common diseases afflicting cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, pigs, and chickens in Mali. For each livestock disease identified, the disease status under current climate was assessed, including the geographical range of the endemic zone, the rate of disease outbreaks within endemic zones, the mode of pathogen transmission, and the relative economic importance to livestock owners. These served as the baseline for an assessment of the likely change in risk of infection under climate scenarios for the 2025 to 2050 period.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:09:26 GMT

Green industrial policy: managing transformation under uncertainty

<p>This paper presents the concept of green industrial policy, which is defined as &ldquo;encompassing any policy measure aimed at aligning the structure of a country&rsquo;s economy with the needs of sustainable development within established planetary boundaries&rdquo;. It gives arguments for why green industrial policy is needed, how it differs from conventional industrial policy, why it is faced with significantly bigger challenges, and how these can be met.</p><p>The paper argues that economic markets are a social construct with flexible and changing boundaries and elaborates on the distinctive features of green industrial policy. It considers the existence of pervasive market failures, the need to deal with high levels of uncertainty within long-time horizons, as well as the challenge of creating new and disrupting old pathways. The paper addresses the political economy of transformation and finally, the main arguments are summarised and it is highlighted that bringing about green transformation is a &lsquo;Herculean task&rsquo; and that sustainable patterns of behaviour, and radical technological innovation must build on acceptance and support by society at large.</p>

14 Nov 2014 15:50:46 GMT

The Chinese solar energy industry and potential of renewables in Africa

<p>China and Africa are developing in a time of climate change and scarcity. According to most climate scientists global economies will have to make a green shift to ensure continued future growth. However, there are very large differences in what is understood under the term &ldquo;greening&rdquo;. In some countries greening reflects a desire to work towards carbon-neutrality; in other countries external international pressure leads to action for the protection of internationally important carbon sinks. China faces a massive increase in energy demand - and needs to address mounting economic, political and social pressure to adopt and enforce green industrial policies and practices.</p><p>Against this background, China has given rise to some of the world&rsquo;s largest renewable energy companies; these companies form part of an increasingly important economic sector in China. As such these companies, their origin and drivers have become important for China&rsquo;s international economic partners, including African states.</p><p>This policy briefing explores the rise of and motivation behind China&rsquo;s solar industry as a case study for the rise of the renewable energy industry in China. It makes suggestions to African decision makers in government and business for engaging China in the renewable energy sector.</p><p>In order to address Africa&rsquo;s energy need, it is important to also engage with China&rsquo;s international renewable energy sector. To achieve access to renewable energy specifically, the following points are recommendations aimed at African decision-makers:</p><ul><li><p>adequate legislation is necessary. African governments should draft renewable energy laws, establishing the incentives for renewable energy generation. This can be done through various methods such as feed-in tariffs or through quota based renewable portfolio standards</p></li><li><p>energy generation will be more decentralised in the future. African governments should consider the dismantling of large state-owned power producers along with the creation of strong anti-monopoly and anti-collusion laws</p></li><li><p>incentives are necessary to boost renewable energy supply. African governments need to formulate and implement national regulation that facilitates the provision of renewable energy and energy investment</p></li><li><p>Africa needs to upgrade technology. Technology transfers should be worked into investment projects to facilitate post installation upkeep and stimulate innovation. Renewable energy can only sustainably flourish as a sector in African states once innovation can be nurtured domestically</p></li><li><p>funding opportunities needs to be explored. For energy projects and the establishing of a renewable energy industries, funding might be obtainable through instruments such as FOCAC and infrastructure-for-resources loans</p></li><li><p>co-operation requires joint standards.Early consideration will have be given to avoid fragmentation into small markets. For this goal, African states should standardise renewable energy systems to increase benefits from co-operation with other African states</p></li></ul>

14 Nov 2014 13:22:49 GMT

Thirsty, hungry and no power? : African resources in a global world

<p>Water, food and energy are fundamental to African development. However, several crucial issues need to be addressed. Are African resources used to meet African needs or are they being exploited to satisfy the needs of other actors facing food and energy insecurity?</p>

13 Nov 2014 15:44:43 GMT

World Disasters Report: Focus on culture and risk

<p>For 2014 the World Disasters Report looks at different aspects of how culture affects disaster risk reduction (DRR) and how disasters and risk influence culture. It highlights that most people who live in places that are exposed to serious hazards are aware of the risks they face, including earthquakes, tropical cyclones, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides and droughts. Yet they still live there for a variety of reasons, including livelihoods or having no alternative. The report argues that culture and beliefs enable people to live with risks and make sense of their lives in dangerous places. Sometimes, though, unequal power relations are also part of culture, and those who have little influence must inevitably cope with threatening environments. It highlights that the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent will have less sustained impact if it does not adequately take account of people&rsquo;s cultures, beliefs and attitudes in relation to risk.</p>

13 Nov 2014 11:52:30 GMT

Future hydropower production in the Lower Zambezi under possible climate change influence

<p>Hydropower is highlighted as the most important energy source in Mozambique and many other countries in southern Africa. Substantial hydropower development is planned for the Lower Zambezi for the next decades, with regional importance due to integration into the Southern African Power Pool. The objective of this study is to assess hydropower generation in the 21st century for a future hydropower development scenario under two climate scenarios. The two climate scenarios represent a future wetting climate and a future drying climate, both with considerable warming, and are based on bias corrected data of two recent Global Climate Models. The future hydropower scenario considers the extension of the existing Cahora Bassa plant and three planned facilities downstream, Mphanda Nkuwa, Boroma and Lupata. The results are taken to show the importance of considering climate risk in technical design and financial assessment of hydropower projects in the region.</p>

13 Nov 2014 11:08:47 GMT

The challenge of establishing REDD+ on the ground: Insights from 23 subnational initiatives in six countries

<p>Since 2007, it has been hoped that REDD+ would deliver on the 3E+ criteria (effectiveness, efficiency, equity, social and environmental co‑benefits) for strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This report highlights that the early enthusiasm for REDD+ has dissipated among some stakeholders &ndash; this is largely attributed to the failure to attain an international climate change agreement.</p><p>In its Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS), CIFOR undertook a survey of 23 subnational REDD+ initiatives in six countries in order to examine their strategies and approaches, the nature of the challenges they faced, and how they intended to overcome them. The study found that the 23 initiatives were persisting in their efforts to reduce local deforestation and forest degradation, as well as deliver on a wide range of goals. However, questions remain about whether and how the REDD+ concept will persist and evolve.</p>

13 Nov 2014 10:49:16 GMT

Social inequality and environmental threats in Indus Delta villages: Pakistan

<p>Protection of environmental and climate change migrants or refugees and the debate on the legal framework of refugees&rsquo; rehabilitation is a matter of major concern for international humanitarian as well as development oriented organizations. But there is little focus on gradual or slow-onset disasters and there is little ethnographic research work in the regions under severe permanent threats because of environmental and climate change. Although most developing countries have signed international conventions on the protection of environmental and climate change migrants and refugees, there is no or little background research for a wider understanding with right to use of resources by the marginalized sections of population of these coastal and deltaic disaster zones.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The physical presence of historic villages and habitats on the Indus Delta is observed to be under threat due to environmental changes and permanent disasters. The delta of River Indus has distinct social, economical and environmental features as compared to the rest of the coast of Pakistan. The delta population, being the lower riparian of the River Indus, receives a limited flow of fresh water. This is causing environmental degradation and negatively impacting traditional livelihoods, survival and resilience patterns in the presence of high levels of social inequality. Climate and environmental changes over time are deemed as a root cause of the rise of sea level which is leading to a loss of land, rendering it unusable for cultivation, increase in salinity, depletion of mangrove forests and a decline in fish catch.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper is an outcome of field visits to the Indus delta&rsquo;s inland and the island villages in Kharo Chan in particular. In this paper, the focus is on environmentally induced migration caused by slow-onset disasters and its linkages with social inequality based on class, caste and kinship groups.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Social science researchers&rsquo; contribution to climate change and global warming science may prioritise linking existing social inequality with induced or voluntary migration in both, temporary or permanent disasters cases. The Indus Basin&rsquo;s controlled fresh water flows might be potential for perennial agricultural products and vital for food security but water management, environmental experts and pro-development national and international organizations need to regard the indigenous habitants of the coast and the Indus Delta&rsquo;s ecology.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Disputes regarding Indus Waters between India and Pakistan and upper and lower riparian provinces of Pakistan, the demand for construction of more dams and political movements against mega dam projects are ongoing simultaneously. A high decline in fresh water flows in Indus Delta is a contentious issue for water and environmental experts in the region. The evidence from historic, geographical and ethnographic research and evidences and perceptions from diverse community groups and individuals provide an authentic viewpoint that gradual and rapid decline in fresh water flows in Indus Delta is main cause of sea intrusion. However, the main disadvantageous groups are those who are socially marginalized, asset less, with poor networks in urban residential and commercial markets and are therefore, more vulnerable to this slow-onset environmental disaster.</span></p>

12 Nov 2014 20:33:05 GMT

REthinking energy: towards a new power system

<p>This report, which is focused on the power sector, tells the story of changing trends which are driving change. It looks at how technology is evolving, who is financing it, and the wider benefits it will bring. Finally, it examines what an energy system powered by renewables might look like and how policy makers can further support the transformation.</p><p>This report is part of a series named &lsquo;REthinking Energy&rsquo; which explores how renewable energy is financed, produced, distributed and consumed, and aims to chart the changing relationships it is bringing about between states, corporations and individuals.</p>

10 Nov 2014 17:00:47 GMT

Procurement models applied to independent power producer programmes in South Africa

<p>This report&nbsp;addresses questions such as: What is the procurement model in South Africa as it applies to renewable energy (RE) and base load (BL) independent power producer procurement programmes (IPPPP) and how might these be improved? What lessons have been learned in the RE IPPPP? What challenges might the emerging BL IPPP programme face and how might these challenges be addressed? To what extent are lessons from RE applicable to BL?</p><p>The report&nbsp;argues that the REIPPPP is largely viewed a positive and innovative programme and that a base load procurement model is required to build on the successes of the REIPPP and extends these to base load IPPs. It argues that the contribution to socio-economic development should be extended to all other IPP procurement and that there is significant risk that political considerations may override rational planning in relation to nuclear power. It is argued that procurement should be well-designed upfront, flexible, plans indicative, the regulator active and procurement more vibrantly competitive.</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:54:41 GMT

Getting it together: Institutional arrangments for coordination and stakeholder engagement in climate finance

<p>This report focuses on the coordination of climate finance and the engagement of stakeholders.</p><p>It argues that there is no single institutional arrangement which is &lsquo;perfect&rsquo; to mobilise for delivering climate finance. It highlights the important roles of ministries of environment, finance and non-governmental actors all have in creating incentives and accountability for these institutions to work together. The report argues that institutional arrangements for climate finance lie on a continuum wherein they &lsquo;dock&rsquo; international or external climate finance in the national system, or &lsquo;mainstream&rsquo; climate considerations into core policy and associated investment decisions and financial frameworks. The report states that changes in the structure of institutional arrangements do not necessarily change behaviour. It is the incentives for coordination that matter. Scale of finance available can shape these incentives, and determine whether the arrangements support &lsquo;docking&rsquo; or &lsquo;mainstreaming&rsquo; (or both).</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:31:36 GMT

Gender and Inclusion Toolbox: participatory research in climate change and agriculture

<p>The Toolbox aims to support programme designers and field practitioners in doing gender sensitive and socially inclusive research.</p><p>The Toolbox assumes that data should be sex-disaggregated (when relevant) to recognise women as individual farmers, the type and level of social-differentiation used should be based on the objective of the study and the climate change development program that it informs, gender and social inclusion should be integrated from the research and programme design phase rather than relying on mainstreaming at a later point, building capacity in gender and social analysis is important for both upstream and downstream practitioners in an organisation and that a participatory approach to research can support jointly-produced knowledge that reflects more accurately the different needs, challenges and opportunities for women, men and vulnerable groups.</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:24:38 GMT

The Political Economy of Low Carbon Energy in Kenya (working paper)

<p>There is growing international focus on how to support more integrated approaches to a ddressing climate change in ways that capture synergies and minimise the trade - offs between climate change mitigation, adaptation and development. These aims are embodied in the concept of climate compatible development (CCD). But what does this look like in practice in Kenya?</p><p>With a National Action Plan on Climate Change, a Vision 2030 Strategy, a new constitution and a revised Energy Policy, Kenya is at a critical cross - roads with respect to defining its energy future for the years to come. The challenge is to enable a just transition to a lower carbon economy that delivers poverty reduction and climate resilience at the same time. But thinking about who sets the terms of transition and for whom, raises key political questions about the role of actors, in terests and institutions in the energy sector. In other words, who has the power to change power?</p><p>Drawing on 29 interviews with government officials, donors and businesses conducted during 2013, insights gleaned from an interactive workshop with practitio ners on the themes of the research, as well as available academic and grey literature, t his paper explores the role of politics, actors and institutions in enabling or frustrating the pursuit of climate compatible energy development in Kenya. This is a cri tical time for Kenya in deciding its energy future and whether and how it will aim to make it &lsquo;climate compatible&rsquo;. Issues of power and p olitical economy will play a key role in determining technological and social outcomes: the winners and losers from dif ferent energy pathways and on whose terms and how the trade - offs between competing policy objectives are resolved. In particular political economy analysis helps to understand the potential for energy systems to meet climate, development and adaptation nee ds simultaneously.</p>

06 Nov 2014 15:44:44 GMT

The political economy of low carbon energy in Kenya

<p>Is it possible for Kenya to simultaneously tackle energy poverty, contribute to climate change mitigation and reduce exposure to climate vulnerability? There is growing international focus on how to support more integrated approaches to addressing climate change in ways that capture synergies and minimise the trade-offs between climate change mitigation, adaptation and development. These aims are embodied in the concept of climate compatible development (CCD).</p><p>But what does this look like in practice in Kenya? With a National Action Plan on Climate Change, a Vision 2030 Strategy, a new constitution and a revised Energy Policy, Kenya is at critical cross-roads with respect to defining its energy future for the years to come. The challenge is to enable a just transition to a lower carbon economy that delivers poverty reduction and climate resilience at the same time. But thinking about who sets the terms of transition and for whom, raises key political questions about the role of actors, interests and institutions in the energy sector. In other words, who has the power to power change?</p>

06 Nov 2014 10:50:40 GMT

The darker side of green: plantation forestry and carbon violence in Uganda.

<p>In recent years, there has been a significant trend toward land acquisition in developing countries, establishing forestry plantations for offsetting carbon pollution generated in the Global North. Badged as &ldquo;green economic development,&rdquo; global carbon markets are often championed not only as solutions to climate change, but as drivers of positive development outcomes for local communities. But there is mounting evidence that these corporate land acquisitions for climate change mitigation&mdash;including forestry plantations&mdash;severely compromise not only local ecologies but also the livelihoods of the some of the world&rsquo;s most vulnerable people living at subsistence level in rural areas in developing countries.</p><p>This report examines the acquisition of land in Uganda by Green Resources, a Norwegian-registered plantation forestry company. Green Resources produces saw log timber and charcoal in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda, and receives carbon-offset revenue from a number of its plantation forestry operations. This report focuses specifically on the company&rsquo;s activities in Uganda, where it holds two licenses over 11,864 hectares of the government owned Central Forest Reserve, land that villagers historically had access to grow food, graze animals, and engage in cultural practices.</p>

04 Nov 2014 11:52:31 GMT

Impact of fertilizer use on weed management in conservation agriculture - a review

<p>Intensive farming has been adopted to produce large amounts of food grains and cash crops but environment is being deteriorated at alarming rate also. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides, chemical growth regulators, machinery and poor management practices are accelerating environmental pollution, soil degradation, global warming, climatic change and food deterioration. Conservation agriculture offers a sustainable solution for all these problems most often. This review focuses the use of fertilizers in conservation agriculture and their impact on weed management. Weeds are major constraint in the productivity of agro-ecosystems. Fertilizer use can influence weed emergence, weed persistence, weed dormancy, weed dynamics, weed growth and weed dispersion attributes. The rate, timing, type and method of fertilizer application affect biological trends of weeds. In conservation tillage systems, the interaction between fertilizers and weeds is very complex, and there are reports of positive as well as negative correlations with weed establishment. Altered physical and chemical properties of reduced-tillage soils result in different weed growth and weed-crop competition periods and thus have indirect impacts on weed control strategies and management options in conservation crop production.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Oct 2014 17:08:40 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Integrating protected areas into climate planning

Though protected areas have increased considerably over the last 130 years, there are several troubling trends, including national and regional disparities, ecological gaps, a decline in the growth of new protected areas, and problems with ineffective management. However, society increasingly expects protected areas to provide an expanded array of benefits, including climate mitigation, resilience and adaptation. This paper discusses the integration of protected areas into climate planning.<br /><br />The article argues that despite the overall growth in protected area coverage, the reality is that:<br /><ul> <li>there are great disparities in the world&rsquo;s protected area estate</li> <li>the rapid growth of protected areas is not uniform across countries reflecing several underlying factors</li> <li>whereas growth of marine protected areas has been impressive, much of this gain can be attributed to a relatively small number of very large marine reserves</li> <li>there has been a marked decline in the rate of growth for terrestrial protected areas in the last decade</li> <li>legal designation of an area as protected does not always ensure effective management.<br /></li></ul>The paper poses the following questions for policy makers in relation to the maximisation of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation.<br /><ul> <li>Where should new protected areas be located?</li> <li>How should protected areas be managed?</li> <li>What factors and policies are necessary? <br /></li></ul>The article suggests the following policy direction:<br /><ul> <li>a robust and compatible policy environment is essential for an effective protected area system</li> <li>planners should assess the economic value of protected areas in relation to climate change</li> <li>protected area policy makers should explicitly link protected areas into national climate change planning</li> <li>planners should take advantage of climate funding to improve the enabling environment by advocating for restoring degraded key protected areas</li> <li>planners should incorporate climate change into ecological gap assessments and consider climate-related design features in the layout of new protected areas</li> <li>planners can better integrate protected area planning into sectoral planning such as transportation, energy and invasive species; assess and communicate the full economic value of protected areas in addressing climate-related issues and ensure that protected areas are an integral part of climate adaptation planning. <br /></li></ul>The paper concludes that although there are potential tradeoffs between managing protected areas for biodiversity and for climate, the overwhelming social, economic and ecological benefits of protected areas make them a natural and cost-effective investment.

28 Feb 2012 01:38:52 GMT

Geographical indications, in situ conservation and traditional knowledge

<p>Geographical indications (GIs) have been a neglected area in the various fora addressing biodiversity and intellectual property. This policy brief focuses on basic GI concepts and the overall conclusion of the overview of over 30 GI cases. <br /></p><p>The document demonstrates the following observations:</p><ul> <li>GI development may promote biodiversity conservation directly through the use of a specific genetic resource, or indirectly through management practices that include ecosystem considerations</li> <li>current trends in multilateral and national GI protection systems show that the issue is moving in practice, and indicate that developing countries are active in GI development</li> <li>value chain differentiation is a very important concept in terms of GIs and has important policy implications <br /></li></ul><p>The paper concludes that indications of source, basic labelling of generics and the possibility of registering GIs according to the specific value chain should be considered within GI implementation strategies. In addition, promoting innovative approaches to marketing with a geographical identity is required as well. <br /></p><p>Final general recommendations are that:</p><ul> <li>GI protection systems should focus on the creation of an enabling institutional environment to prevent the false use of GIs</li> <li>GI registration systems should be precise and flexible and also consider the legal framework for the development of governing bodies</li> <li>the governance features of GIs should contribute to the respectful and creative use of traditional knowledge and practices</li> <li>regarding hunger and poverty alleviation goals, it is important to avoid economic exclusion processes at the local and regional level as a consequence of developing only high-end valuable markets</li> <li>in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agenda, the neglect of GIs within current conversations should end, and there should be deep discussions on GIs contributions to rural conservation <br /></li></ul>

27 Feb 2012 21:44:42 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

The OECD will be actively participating through a series of OECD side events, a publications stand showcasing OECD latest work on climate and by taking part in a number of workshops, seminars and other events throughout the conference.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

To be held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum will focus on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion will include the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and.... The draft agenda is now available.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Annual meeting of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force

This meeting will address green growth policies for small and medium-sized enterprises, water governance in line with Green Economy requirements and reporting on the Task Force programme implementation and plans for 2015.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:00:00 GMT

The Ripple Effect: Water-Energy-Food Nexus - Insights blog

The world is facing unprecedented stresses, and we are going to need an unprecedented response. We’re doing our best to help create that response at the OECD.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Country profiles: OECD Indicators

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 17:29:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 12:51:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

OECD Programme on Water Governance

The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

Oil price falls ahead of Opec meeting

The price of oil has fallen as Opec oil producers prepare for their meeting on Thursday and data shows crude stocks rose last week.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 22:45:40 GMT

GSK hails Ebola vaccine breakthrough

Sir Andrew Witty says "tantalising" prospect of viable vaccine becoming available next year

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 22:00:03 GMT

Europe to vote on Google break-up

The European Parliament will later vote on whether Google's search business should be separated from its other services.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:10:11 GMT

Philippines economy slows sharply

Growth in the Philippine economy slowed sharply in the third quarter due to weaker growth in all sectors, the government announces.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 05:21:05 GMT

Thai elections 'could be delayed'

In an exclusive BBC interview, Thai Finance Minister Sommai Phasee says that democratic elections could be delayed by another 18 months.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:37:28 GMT

East Coast rail winner announced

A consortium made up of Stagecoach and Virgin wins the franchise to run the East Coast mainline rail route, which has been in public hands since 2009.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 07:43:07 GMT

Candy Crush maker chairman resigns

The chairman of King Digital, the maker of the popular mobile game Candy Crush, Melvyn Morris, has resigned and is taking a break from the UK firm.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 01:13:09 GMT

Japan's shares fall in mixed trade

Asian shares saw mixed trading on Thursday as investors hoped for more stimulus by central banks around the world.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 06:57:21 GMT

Juncker reveals giant EU jobs plan

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker gives details of a €315bn (£250bn; $393bn) investment plan to kick-start Europe's economy.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 15:33:25 GMT

Spain minister resigns over scandal

Health minister Ana Mato resigns amid a court investigation into a massive corruption scandal over illegal payments in Spain.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 21:04:01 GMT

Banks sued in metal price-fixing case

Goldman Sachs and HSBC are amongst four platinum and palladium dealers to be sued in New York for allegedly fixing the price of the metals.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 12:22:01 GMT

Germany backs female directors quota

Top German companies are told to ensure that 30% of supervisory board positions are held by women from 2016 under a law agreed late on Tuesday.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 13:10:55 GMT

A 'generation to change bank culture'

A "toxic" and "aggressive" culture inside British banks will take a generation to change, according to a report from Cass Business School and New City Agenda.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:08:36 GMT

Come clean on ads, vloggers told

Video bloggers are being told they need to be completely clear about when they are being paid to promote products.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 13:28:02 GMT

US stocks flat in early trade

US shares open little-changed as investors digest the latest economic data ahead of the Thanksgiving holiday.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 21:57:23 GMT

Thomas Cook chief in shock departure

Thomas Cook chief executive Harriet Green has resigned, saying her work at the travel firm "is complete".

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 09:20:57 GMT

VIDEO: African Dream: Banker turned shoemaker

As part of the African Dream series, we profile an entrepreneur who turned his back on banking to set up a shoemaking company in Ghana.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:02:14 GMT

VIDEO: Gebrselassie: From track to business

How Olympic athlete and world record holder Haile Gebrselassie has become a property mogul and leading investor in Ethiopia.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 17:29:05 GMT

VIDEO: YouTube studios for internet stars

YouTube is investing millions of dollars to set up professional studios which are free to use for anyone who has at least five thousand subscribers.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 11:27:26 GMT

AUDIO: Bob Marley marijuana brand launched

A Seattle-based private equity firm that invests in the marijuana industry has struck a deal with the estate of Bob Marley to launch a global cannabis brand.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:45:53 GMT

VIDEO: What's wrong with Japan's economy?

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe calls elections only two years after taking office due to the country's failing economy.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 19:33:23 GMT

VIDEO: Restaurant helps ex-convicts back to work

A former convict turned entrepreneur is looking to give other ex-offenders in Singapore a new lease on life through his restaurant chain Eighteen Chefs.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 23:30:17 GMT

VIDEO: Ebola 'could shock global economy'

The President of the World Bank Group has told the BBC that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is a "potential shock to the global economy".

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 11:17:25 GMT

Steve Jobs biopic moves to Universal

Universal Pictures take on a movie based on the life of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs following Sony Pictures' departure from the project.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 12:53:15 GMT

Holy trademark! Batman v Valencia

La Liga giants Valencia are facing a fight to be allowed to use a bat symbol on their crest - from the creators of Batman.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 13:29:23 GMT

Google told to expand right to forget

EU data privacy regulators say Google must apply the right to have search results removed to its .com site as well as its European versions.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 17:47:43 GMT

US economy grows faster than forecast

The US economy grew much faster in the third quarter than first reported, official figures have shown.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 15:11:11 GMT

Microsoft faults knock sites offline

Faults with Microsoft's cloud computing platform Azure knock many third-party sites offline and restrict access to its own apps.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:29:16 GMT

Eurozone 'persistent stagnation' risk

The eurozone may be stuck in an enduring period of no growth, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development says.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 14:11:54 GMT

Botin ousts Santander chief executive

Ana Botin has moved swiftly to reshape Santander, ousting its chief executive after less than two years in the role.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 15:13:46 GMT

B&Q owner profits hit by France

Kingfisher, the owner of the B&Q DIY chain, has blamed "particularly difficult" trading conditions in France for a fall in third quarter profits.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 07:44:16 GMT

Nigeria devalues currency on low oil

Nigeria has devalued the naira, saying a drop in oil prices has been making it hard to defend its currency.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 17:28:44 GMT

Canary Wharf owners reject Qatar bid

The owners of Canary Wharf, Songbird Estates, reject a takeover bid from the Qatar Investment Authority and a US investor saying it undervalues the company.

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 11:18:33 GMT

South Africans face power outages

South Africa is being hit by rolling electricity blackouts as already constrained capacity is further squeezed by a coal silo collapse at a power plant

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 16:52:12 GMT

Malaysia to end fuel subsidies

Malaysia plans to end petrol and diesel subsidies from December in an attempt to save billions of dollars and reduce its fiscal deficit.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 12:01:08 GMT

Japanese PM Abe dissolves parliament

Japan's PM Shinzo Abe dissolves parliament paving the way for a snap election in December, as local media polls show a low level of support.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 06:57:49 GMT

Uber in Singapore taxi app regulation

Singapore plans to regulate third-party taxi booking apps such as Uber by capping fees and limiting them to use only licensed vehicles and drivers.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 07:54:49 GMT

Hearts could exit Tynecastle - Budge

Owner Ann Budge says leaving Tynecastle Stadium could be the most cost-effective long-term solution for Hearts.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 06:24:05 GMT

Sport events 'give no economic boost'

A report examining the "evidence base" for policymaking suggests big sporting events have little or no direct economic benefit - and challenges other assumptions about teaching and police.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 17:08:50 GMT

Javid wants Fifa to publish report

The government calls on Fifa to publish in full the investigation into the 2018 and 2022 World Cup bidding process.

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:27 GMT

Tech sector leading Ukraine's revival

Despite the political turmoil in Kiev and war with pro-Russian separatists in the East, Ukraine's tech sector continues to attract investment.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:19:00 GMT

Crowd investing opens up high finance

Online crowd investing platforms are opening up the formerly secretive and elitist world of start-up investment. But are the risks too high?

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:34:20 GMT

Ultra HD gives firms clearer picture

Ultra high definition 4K video tech is enabling businesses to extract high quality still photos and experiment with hybrid moving photo formats.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 00:01:32 GMT

Tips from banker turned shoemaker

An entrepreneur who turned his back on banking to set up a shoemaking company shares his tips for success as part of the African Dream series.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 00:02:24 GMT

The couple who changed the way we shop

Edwina Dunn looks back on how she and her husband helped Tesco launch its Clubcard, and change how many of us do our shopping.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 00:14:25 GMT

How McDonald's conquered India

How McDonald's, a beefburger company, penetrated and grew a business across India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 19:51:45 GMT

Nissan profits boosted by US sales

One of Japan's biggest carmakers, Nissan, reports a 25% increase in half-year profits as strong US sales help to offset weaker demand elsewhere.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:35:49 GMT

Hyundai and Kia in record settlement

US regulators announce that carmakers Hyundai and Kia have agreed to a record settlement for overstating the fuel economy of their cars, in violation of the Clean Air Act.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 08:19:34 GMT

Strong rise in Toyota's China sales

Japanese carmaker Toyota saw a strong rise in sales through its two joint ventures in China last month.

Mon, 03 Nov 2014 07:53:10 GMT

Will Opec cut oil production?

Should Opec cut production to boost prices?

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 23:57:44 GMT

Black Friday: Boxing day sales come early?

Boxing day sales come early to the UK?

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:14:53 GMT

Russian oil industry facing deep freeze

Oil production in Russia is hard and getting harder

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 01:56:29 GMT

Can Barbie conquer China?

Can the doll make it in China at the second attempt?

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 20:22:52 GMT

Transylvania's castle owners bite back

Transylvania's castle owners sink their teeth into business

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:16:09 GMT

Russia sanctions hitting UK firms

How sanctions against Russia are hitting UK businesses

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:19:15 GMT

From city life to country life

Why young professionals in Taiwan are getting out of the city

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 10:56:49 GMT

The rise of new economies

The new ways of running companies and doing business

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:02:12 GMT

Hi-tech rescue for an ancient language

Can schools with iPads protect the future of a language?

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:05:11 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Saudi- Thousands register for national science innovation program

(MENAFN - Arab News) As many as 100000 Saudi students across the country have registered for the National Olympiad Science Innovation (NOSI) program for the year 2015 under King Ab...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 08:45:03 GMT

UAE's News Corp to buy USD30m stake in Indian property site

(MENAFN) Rupert Murdoch's News Corp has bought a minority stake in Indian property start-up PropTiger.com for USD30 million, which was the largest investment media group in the cou...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 08:00:33 GMT

Oman's Octal signs 20 contracts with SMEs

(MENAFN) Oman's Octal, the world's leading clear rigid food packaging material supplier, announced it has signed 20 contracts with local businesses and small and medium enterprises...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 07:47:03 GMT

Dubai Chamber exports hit USD65.59 in Jan.-Oct

(MENAFN) Dubai Chamber of Commerce and Industry's total value of exports reached USD65.59 billion during the January-October period of 2014, registering an annual growth of about 1...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 07:34:57 GMT

Moroccan Minister of Higher Education Meets Qatari Ambassador

(MENAFN - QNA) Moroccan Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Lahcen Daoudi met Tuesday with Qatar's Minister in Morrocco Abdulla Falah Abdulla Al-Dosari. They dis...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 06:48:21 GMT

Qatar launches first of 3 new economic zones

(MENAFN) Qatar announced it has launched the first of three new special economic zones established to help the country with diversifying its economy, Arabian Business reported.The ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 06:00:25 GMT

UAE, China consider establishing joint investment fund

(MENAFN) The UAE's Ministry of Economy said that it is looking to set up a joint investment fund with the government of China, which will be focused on investing in clean energy si...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:40:30 GMT

Berger Paints, Muscat Daily join hands for waste paper recycling campaign

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Berger Paints has formally launched a waste paper recycling campaign at their factory and head office in Ghala as well as sales and marketing office at Azai...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:38:30 GMT

Permanent stress may lead to mental disorders

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Permanent stress can activate immune cells that can cause changes in the brain, leading to mental disorders such as schizophrenia, shows a study. The rese...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:25:04 GMT

Saudi Al Khodari to expand its business

(MENAFN) Saudi Arabia's Abdullah Abdul Mohsin Al Khodari and Sons announced it is planning to raise its capital by USD133 million as parts of its plan to expand its business, Gulf ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:16:59 GMT

Chelsea victory delights manager Mourinho

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Chelsea manager Jose Mourinho believes it is too early to compare his current side with his title-winning teams of the past despite a record-breaking star...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:15:11 GMT

President of Djibouti Meets Qatari Ambassador

(MENAFN - QNA) President of the Republic of Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh met here Tuesday with HE Qatar's Ambassador to Djibouti Jassim Jaber Jassim Sorour and a delegation of Qat...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:12:37 GMT

Minister of State for Defence Affairs Meets Kuwaiti Environment Official

(MENAFN - QNA) HE Minister of State for Defence Affairs Major General Hamad bin Ali Al Attiyah met Tuesday with Chairman of Board of Directors of the Kuwaiti General Environment A...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:12:36 GMT

Messi eyes another record

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Fresh from becoming the all-time leading goalscorer in La Liga, Lionel Messi will have his sights on more history as he looks to repeat that feat in the C...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:11:22 GMT

Saudi Aramco to double capacity of Fadhili gas plant

(MENAFN) Saudi Aramco announced that it is planning to double Fadhili's capacity, the company's planned new gas plant, to reach 2.5 billion standard cubic feet per day (scfd), Gulf...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:06:14 GMT

Italian doctor with Ebola arrives at Rome hospital

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) A doctor who has become the first Italian to contract Ebola arrived in Rome on Tuesday from Sierra Leone for specialist treatment in an infectious disease...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 05:02:14 GMT

Pakistan sukuk roadshows concludes in ME

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Pakistan has embarked on sukuk investors roadshows, which began in Abu Dhabi on Monday with a second conference in Dubai later in the day.Having successfu...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:59:55 GMT

Oil drop to hit Gulf petrochem

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Gulf countries' petrochemical industry might face challenges because of falling oil prices, US shale gas and China's polyethylene.This was echoed by indus...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:59:15 GMT

Oman may cut spending, raise taxes

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) An advisory body to Oman's government has suggested sweeping spending cuts and tax rises, including a levy on liquefied natural gas exports, to cope with ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:58:42 GMT

UAE's Khalifa Fund to provide USD200m for projects in Egypt

(MENAFN) Abu Dhabi-based Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development, a UAE state investment fund, announced it has signed an agreement with the Egyptian government for USD200 million ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:49:10 GMT

Kuwait Teams Show Impressive Performance At Hockey Champ'ship

(MENAFN - Arab Times) An unmatched field hockey festival atmosphere was created by the Indian Club to celebrate it's Centenary by hosting the ever popular 6-A-Side field Hockey Cha...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:44:14 GMT

All Set For Nelson Mandela Cricket Cup In Kuwait

(MENAFN - Arab Times) The South African Embassy announced in a media statement that all arrangements are in place to host the first Nelson Mandela Cricket Cup for Youth Development...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:43:16 GMT

Kuwait- Zain Participates In 'The Myths Of Creativity' Seminar

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Zain, the leading telecommunications company in Kuwait, announced its participation in a seminar as part of 'Knowledge Club', which the company partners with ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:41:42 GMT

Kuwait- Alghanim Motors Launches Biggest End Of Year Offers

(MENAFN - Arab Times) With the year 2014 coming to a close, Alghanim Motors, the sole distributor of Honda vehicles in Kuwait, has launched one of the biggest value offers of the s...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:41:26 GMT

Kuwait's KNPC To Invest $40 Bln To 2022

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Kuwait National Petroleum Co (KNPC) plans to spend $40 billion in the period to 2022 on projects including a new refinery and a clean fuels project, its chief...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:41:02 GMT

Award Recognises Cos Contribution To Kuwait's Economy

(MENAFN - Arab Times) The MEED Kuwait Leadership Award 2014 has been presented to Mohammad Ghazi Al-Mutairi, CEO, Kuwait National Petroleum Company (KNPC) at the ongoing Kuwait Pro...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:40:41 GMT

Saudis Crack DAESH Cell

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Saudi Arabia said Monday the assailants behind Shiite killings earlier this month are linked to the Islamic State jihadist group, including many jailed previo...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:39:16 GMT

Qatar not to cancel any infrastructure projects

(MENAFN) Qatar's Finance Ministry announced that it is not considering canceling any of its infrastructure projects which the country has planned as it prepares for the 2022 World ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:37:28 GMT

Kuwait- Tomboy Hits Doctor Flirt Taught Lesson

(MENAFN - Arab Times) A tomboy, who is a student of one of the faculties in the Kuwait University in Shuwaikh, attacked a doctor when he prevented her from attending the lecture be...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:35:31 GMT

Kuwait- Woman, Two Children Die In Two-Car Collision As 3 Hurt

(MENAFN - Arab Times) A woman and two children died while three individuals sustained injuries when two vehicles collided at the intersection between Fourth Ring Road and Fahaheel ...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:35:04 GMT

Kuwait- Girl Caught Drunk

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Two Arab nationals were apprehended by antinarcotics officers in possession of 2kg of ice, 60g of heroin, 60g of hashish, 5g of opium, and 18 illicit tablets....

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:34:40 GMT

Kuwait- 'Wasta' Fails To Save Neck Of 3 Officers In Vanishing Liquor

(MENAFN - Arab Times) The Public Prosecution condemned three highranked police officers for their negligence in the disappearance of 10,000 bottles of alcohol from the ministry sto...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:34:18 GMT

GCC Labor Official Discuss Unified Housemaid Contract

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Director of Public Authority for Manpower Jamal Al-Dosari confirmed that GCC countries have no intention to reduce the number of expatriate personnel, and the...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:27:21 GMT

Kuwait- Women Subjected To Abuse Secretly Seek Aid From Clinics

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Many women suffering from abuse and trauma have been seeking aid and solace from medical clinics located in residential districts, favoring them for main medi...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:26:49 GMT

Kuwait Leading Light In Medical Services Extended To Detainees

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Participants in a regional symposium held here on Monday have agreed on the distinguished medical services offered to detainees in Kuwait. They said the count...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:26:27 GMT

Egypt's TE net profit drop 25 percent in 9M

(MENAFN) Telecom Egypt (TE) announced it has recorded a decline in its net profit by 25.3 percent during the January-September period of this year registering a profit of USD250.01...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:26:18 GMT

Kuwait- Price Spurt As Private Health Rides Public Congestion

(MENAFN - Arab Times) MP Abdul-Rahman Al-Jeeran has presented questions to Deputy Premier and Minister of Interior Sheikh Mohammed Al- Khalid Al-Sabah on the spread of drugs and al...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:26:13 GMT

Kuwait- Decision To Take Effect In New Academic Year

(MENAFN - Arab Times) Minister of Education and Higher Education Dr Bader Al-Essa has issued a decision to increase the school fees and salaries of employees in the non-governmenta...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:25:51 GMT

Kuwait- Action Soon On 'Bribes' Forced From Indians For Nursing Jobs

(MENAFN - Arab Times) An official decision will soon be issued to curb the practice of Indian nurses being forced to pay bribes of thousands of dinars to recruitment companies in K...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:25:33 GMT

GCC delegates meet in Doha

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Chief delegates to the Consultative Commission of the Supreme Council of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) met on Monday evening to debate the...

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:03:37 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

Asia/Pacific countries need to improve affordable access to healthcare, says OECD

Countries in the Asia/Pacific region need to step up their efforts to give more people access to affordable, quality health care. Too many people, especially women, cannot get the medical treatment they need due to high costs, difficulties in getting permission to see a doctor or a lack of health care providers in rural areas, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

The OECD to launch its first Foreign Bribery Report on Tuesday 2 December 2014

The OECD will release its first Foreign Bribery Report on Tuesday 2 December at 11:00 a.m. CET, followed at 4:30 p.m. CET by a special launch event in the presence of Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, and Christiane Taubira, French Minister of Justice and Keeper of the Seals.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 17:19:00 GMT

Stronger policy response needed to avoid risks to growth, especially in the euro area, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

Modest global economic forecasts, continuing high unemployment, and downshifts in potential output,should spur governments with a greater sense of urgency to fully employ monetary, fiscal and structural policy levers to support growth, notably in Europe, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 25 Nov 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

The great revenge of the North?

Plans for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States have sparked considerable debate. Among the main issues contested are the lowering of food-safty standards (hormone-treated beef, chlorine-washed chicken), the democratic deficit of the negotiation process, as well as the granting of far-reaching rights and legal privileges to international investors, undermining national law. However, Rainer Falk and Barbara Unmüßig consider a topic thus far left out of critical debate: TTIP's implications for the "rest of the world," particularly for developing and emerging economies.

Nepal: The emergence of a resilient democracy

Three months after elections, a new cabinet was sworn in end of February in Kathmandu. The two largest parties have formed a coalition, with the new Prime Minister from the Congress Party, and 18 ministers from the Congress and UML parties. The mainstream Maoists voted in support but did not join an initially foreseen unity government. Where does the country stand at this moment?

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) in Womberma and Burie Districts, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

<p>The objective of this study is to assess the situation of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) by conducting clinical examination for goiter, urinary iodide level determination, assessment of goiterogenic factors and availability of iodated salt, and knowledge, attitude and practices of the communities towards iodated salt in the area.</p><p>Cross-sectional, community based study was conducted to assess magnitude and causes of goiter in Womberma and Burie districts, West Gojjam, Amhara Regional state. Clinical examination for goiter was conducted in children age 6-12 years (N = 513) and biological mother of the children age 15 &ndash; 49 months (N = 375) from randomly selected 400 households in 10 randomly selected villages of the Woredas. Besides conducting household interviews, urine samples were collected from children for urinary iodine determination.</p><p>The study reveals that total goiter prevalence rate of 54% with 36.5% palpable and 17.5% visible goiter in children. It is found that female children are affected more than male children. The results also show that maternal goiter rate is 30.1% with 16% palpable and 14.1% visible. The goiter rate is more pronounced in younger age groups of women than their old counterpart. Median Urinary Iodine excretion level in children is 0.5&micro;g/dl indicating low level of iodine intake in the area. Goiter rate in children with UIE category &lt; 2&micro;g/dl (severe) is 64% while between 2 &micro;g/dl &ndash; 4.9&micro;g/dl (moderate) is 19.4%. Only 2.2% of the children have UIE level &gt;10&micro;g/dl, indicating adequate intake of iodine.</p><p>The study concludes that:</p><ul><li>according to WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD guidelines, goiter and IDD are endemic and severe in the study area</li><li>the area is severely affected by iodine deficiency</li><li>some food sources such as roots and tubers are found to contain goiterogenic factors that aggravate iodine deficiency problems when consumed unprocessed</li><li>distribution and use of iodised salt is very rare in the area and only few people have knowledge of iodised salt</li></ul><p>In order to reverse the grave consequence of the problem, the study proposes the following recommendations:</p><ul><li>immediate distribution of iodated salt or iodised oil capsule through establishing sustainable source and distribution of iodised salt in the area</li><li>immediate action in prohibiting direct application of pesticide and banned pesticides on food crops through collaboration of sectorial governmental bodies</li><li>creating awareness on adverse effects of IDD, benefit of iodised salt, and how to use iodised salt in food preparation so that the community will raise the issue of right to iodated salt and seek their own solution</li></ul>

26 Nov 2014 20:44:23 GMT

Urban management: the redevelopment of the Mitchells plain town centre

<p>Mitchells Plain is about 20km from the Cape Town city centre. It was built in the 1970s as a township for people classified as &lsquo;Coloured&rsquo;, who were forcibly removed from areas that had been declared &lsquo;whites only&rsquo; under the Group Areas Act. Various attempts were made to upgrade the Mitchells Plain Town Centre (MPTC) after the advent of democracy in 1994, but these were disjointed and lacked a champion to drive the process. In 2001, national government launched the Urban Renewal Programme (URP) to address infrastructure deficiencies and declining economies in areas characterised by widespread poverty and neglect.</p><p>This study looks at the township redevelopment project of Mitchells Plain centre and makes recommendations for efficiency. Mitchells Plain is a typical example of apartheid spatial planning, which relegated the residents of townships to the margins of economic activity. The area is effectively a dormitory town with a great deal of vacant, unsafe space. Along with a number of adjacent townships established for Africans, Mitchells Plain is isolated from the rest of the city. It is surrounded by geographical barriers and distant from amenities and economic opportunities. It suffers from high levels of poverty, crime and gang violence.</p><p>At the time of the 2001 census, 305 343 people were reported to live in Mitchells Plain in 67 746 households. Most lived in houses (65 per cent), 20 per cent lived in town/cluster houses, and about 6 per cent lived in shacks in informal settlements. Afrikaans was the most common home language (50 per cent of households) followed by English (37 per cent) and Xhosa (12 per cent).</p><p>The project was targeted at creating a safe, convenient, seamless environment for public transport users, the project team sought to create a safe and pleasant environment for shoppers, to boost informal trading activity in a prime location, to provide opportunities for further retail development, and to generate opportunities for other economic development activities, such as training institutions.</p><p>Some of the lesson learnt from this project include building community consensus, sticking with the process, being solution-oriented, getting high-level political buy-in, avoiding a &lsquo;perfect&rsquo; plan, being flexible enough to accommodate community needs, constantly revisiting budgets, build good relationships with key officials amongst others.</p>

26 Nov 2014 19:53:26 GMT

Township renewal: Kwamashu case study

<p>The restructuring of local government in South Africa began in the mid-1990s. A number of smaller local councils in the greater Durban area were amalgamated into a single metropolitan municipality, and the boundaries of the city were expanded to incorporate a number of new areas. The department responsible for economic development at the time started to look for a suitable location for a focused, municipality-led intervention in the newly incorporated areas. The political violence of the 1980s had been particularly intense in the northern areas. As a result, development in those areas had been impeded, and there was a greater level of need.</p><p>This study looks at the township renewal project in Kwamashu townships and makes recommendations for efficiency. The KwaMashu Town Centre (KMTC) project began in 1999. The centre faced a number of problems, some of them interrelated:</p><p>&bull; The town centre planned for KwaMashu from the mid-1950s had never developed.</p><p>&bull; There was a lack of investment, both public and private.</p><p>&bull; Residents had to travel long distances to access facilities, goods and services.</p><p>&bull; Public transport infrastructure was poorly developed.</p><p>&bull; There was a lack of security, social infrastructure and recreation facilities.</p><p>The study observes that in 1998, a pre-planning assessment concluded that the greatest positive economic impact could be achieved by focusing on the development of one centre in the newly incorporated northern areas &ndash; namely the KwaMashu Town Centre. Key reasons included:</p><p>&bull; It was already a busy transportation hub for train, bus and taxi commuters. This meant there were already large numbers of people in a highly accessible location.</p><p>&bull; It had a large area of well-located, undeveloped land owned by the state that had been set aside for a town centre. This land had potential for future.</p><p>The paper identifies some of the achievements of the projects as upgrading of infrastructure and engineering services, planning framework and zoning and regulatory frameworks, upgrade of a number of the important road links to other economic centres and links to existing railway stations, 6ha of prime housing land ready to be sold and developed, a Metro Police station, high-grade shopping centre and others while uncertain about the mixed-use development model, long-term sustainability amongst others.</p><p>The paper concludes by stating some of the lessons learnt from the project.</p>

26 Nov 2014 19:14:14 GMT

Improving urban management in township

<p>Improving urban management is a crucial precondition for developing South African townships. While the urban management deficit in these areas has deep historical roots, an array of contemporary problems also needs to be overcome if improvements are to be realised. Urban management, broadly defined, is about government&rsquo;s responsibility for the planning, development and day-today operations of a city. While considerable variance exists, the paper states that most observers will agree that a defining feature of South African townships is the frequency and severity of problems associated with lack of urban management.</p><p>This paper explores the urban management challenge. It defines urban management, reviews its specific functions, explores the historical origins of the present management deficit in townships and isolates the factors that inhibit effective urban management today. The paper concludes by exploring ways to confront the urban management challenge.</p><p>Effective urban management requires the involvement of the private sector and community organisations. Managing the regulation, maintenance and operation of infrastructure and the public environment is essential to the success of township regeneration initiatives.</p><p>This study highlights issues such as crime, unregulated trading and non-performing infrastructure impede the operation of enterprises and markets as factors preventing townships and their residents from achieving their economic potential. Furthermore, it states that private sector investors consider regulation and the management of public spaces to be critical factors in how they allocate capital stating that good management of public spaces can be a make or break factor in investment.</p><p>The paper concludes by asserting that since urban management requires sustained effort over the long term, institutionalising such arrangements is key to success. A number of South African examples show how this can be done.</p>

26 Nov 2014 18:49:54 GMT

Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change - Bulkeley - 2012 - Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers - Wiley Online Library

<p>In this paper, we argue for an approach that goes beyond an institutional reading of urban climate governance to engage with the ways in which government is accomplished through social and technical practices. Central to the exercise of government in this manner, we argue, are &lsquo;climate change experiments&rsquo; &ndash; purposive interventions in urban socio-technical systems designed to respond to the imperatives of mitigating and adapting to climate change in the city. Drawing on three different concepts &ndash; of governance experiments, socio-technical experiments, and strategic experiments &ndash; we first develop a framework for understanding the nature and dynamics of urban climate change experiments. We use this conceptual analysis to frame a scoping study of the global dimensions of urban climate change experimentation in a database of 627 urban climate change experiments in 100 global cities. The analysis charts when and where these experiments occur, the relationship between the social and technical aspects of experimentation and the governance of urban climate change experimentation, including the actors involved in their governing and the extent to which new political spaces for experimentation are emerging in the contemporary city. We find that experiments serve to create new forms of political space within the city, as public and private authority blur, and are primarily enacted through forms of technical intervention in infrastructure networks, drawing attention to the importance of such sites in urban climate politics. These findings point to an emerging research agenda on urban climate change experiments that needs to engage with the diversity of experimentation in different urban contexts, how they are conducted in practice and their impacts and implications for urban governance and urban life.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

26 Nov 2014 17:22:11 GMT

Social Accountability in Pakistan: Challenges, Gaps, Opportunities and the Way Forward

<p>Pakistan is presently faced with a number of political and social issues for which Social&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">Accountability holds a desired solution. This paper takes stock of the struggle for the creation of a socially-accountable governance system. It highlights civil society organizations&rsquo; work on social accountability in the country and the major stakeholders that can play a role in leading this constructive transition successfully. Moreover, it shares some of the suggestions that may expedite the process towards strengthening people&rsquo;s voice to call for a governance structure that may initiate inclusive and participatory development while adhering to the values of transparency, decentralization, justice and social accountability.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper identified the main challenges as missing of required skills, lack of donor support to build supply side capacity, neglection of women&rsquo;s voice/role and no focus on reforms. While the opportunities were identified as revival of a responsible judiciary, vibrant media, politically aware and charged masses, strengthened civil society and receptive political parties.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper concluded that social accountability provides a platform for the citizens and groups previously excluded from the political process, to engage in the governance processes&rsquo;&rsquo;; while the society in Pakistan is realizing the virtues of accounting public officials through civic engagement. The following were the recommendations for pacing up the process:</span></p><ul><li>public access to regular, reliable and relevant information be ensured;</li><li>legal and regulatory environment be strengthened for freedom and pluralism in access to information;</li><li>communication mechanism with the vulnerable groups;</li><li>donors should also focus on building political and institutional capacity of the government and ensure synergy with demand-led initiatives;</li><li>a good understanding of &lsquo;political economy&rsquo; governance issues in the country and promoting participatory governance;</li><li>Services provided by the state should be benchmarked for effective monitoring and evaluation and for comparison with ideal standards of service delivery;</li><li>Social Accountability mechanisms should be integrated within state&rsquo;s project and schemes</li><li>Evidence base should be built through documentation of experiences and their impact evaluations in Pakistan;</li><li>better political skills will enable the communities to engage with public officials and political leaders more effectively and mechanisms to engage with the communities and societies be diversified.&nbsp;</li></ul>

25 Nov 2014 22:29:31 GMT

The dynamics of access: implications of ‘voice’, ‘exit’ and accountability in the provision of public goods

<p>In the provision of social services, understanding the access situations requires an understanding of the dynamics of access in relation to the concepts &lsquo;voice&rsquo; and &lsquo;exit&rsquo;. People resort to &lsquo;voice&rsquo; to show their concern, provide feedback, and identify discrepancies in the administrative provision of welfare services. Citizens also chose to &lsquo;exit&rsquo; from an existing service where they can afford to acquire services such as education and health elsewhere. However, when an &lsquo;exit&rsquo; option is not chosen, people employ &lsquo;voice&rsquo; continuously since they cannot opt for an alternative service due to lack of capital and opportunities. Thus, disposable income, choosing between market and state, and the lack of resources, are some of the parameters on the basis of which people&rsquo;s preferences are shaped.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper explores the problems of access to welfare services in public sector institutions. In democratic-pluralistic societies, the state provides welfare services to its citizens through well-performing bureaucracies on the basis of equity and equality. This description cannot be applied in the context of Pakistan. Managerial inadequacies, resource constraints, various forms of corruption, weak accountability, and the inability of the state to respond to citizens&rsquo; needs are critical problems in the provision of welfare services. With the help of a theoretical framework, the paper examines access structures and situations in relation to the conceptual categories of &lsquo;voice&rsquo;, &lsquo;exit&rsquo; and accountability.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">From the responses of citizens, it is argued that &lsquo;voice&rsquo; and &lsquo;exit&rsquo; are not opposite and unrelated phenomenon. The type of language people use, the context of their responses, and their experiences demonstrate that &lsquo;voice&rsquo; and &lsquo;exit&rsquo; occur simultaneously. The continuous reliance on &lsquo;voice&rsquo; as a recourse strategy fails because the service provision is bureaucratic.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The question of accountability depends upon disclosure of information and the active involvement of citizens in development planning. The politics of access can be useful for understanding the real intentions behind a policy and its impact on the final or targeted beneficiaries. The politics of access can highlight discontinuities, exclusion from a service, referral and appeal, and the determination of reasons for a badly conceived service.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Civil society and non-state organisations can play an instrumental role in promoting access and accountability through research and advocacy for influencing policy in some form. The main advantage of non-state entities is their ability to mediate between the state and society. Moreover, civil society organisations goals and services are seldom influenced by political agendas of political leaders and parties.</span></p>

25 Nov 2014 22:25:42 GMT

Green growth and technological innovation: a case for South Asian countries

<p>Exponential green growth is next to impossible without technological innovation. The development of green technologies through appropriate innovation policies is one of the main strategies. It is important to ensure the low-carbon green technologies is an important source to promote the green growth, and only these technologies can reduce the cost of environmental risks. These green technologies are used in the application of environmental science to conserve the natural environment and various resources as well as to reduce the negative impact of human activities. Green growth has recently emerged as the latest qualitatively different paradigm in economy sector being advocated by policy makers.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This study looks to highlight how the South Asian countries can rise to the challenge of achieving sustainable green growth while keeping technological innovation in context. The study, intends to prove that sustainable development in the green growth/economic perspective of South Asia is possible. Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs), Environmental Taxation, and Research &amp; Development (R&amp;D) are three main areas of focus.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">IPRs is an integral tool to foster innovations in developing countries within South Asia. An effective IPRs system would provide the necessary incentives to adopt the risks for considering new technology. The initiation of IPRs in South Asian countries would encourage cost-effective export, foreign investment, technology transfer and innovative products. As a result of the low protection of IPRs, the study identifies various challenges related to few inventions and lack of incentives in the region to attain &ldquo;Green Growth&rdquo;.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The R&amp;D expenditures continue to demonstrate an increasingly significant role in patenting of green technologies. These expenditures foster the commercialization of new innovative technologies and successfully reduce the environmental pollution. Consequently, production of environment-friendly goods would improve, ensuring sustainable development. These products would also be helpful in minimizing degradation. This study indicates that South Asian countries have a very limited R&amp;D base and a low level of invention and innovative capabilities as compared to developed countries</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Lastly, environmental taxation plays a fundamental role in introducing and developing the innovative green technologies. Unlike other costly instruments environment related taxes introduce a complete range of innovation and new production techniques. With prospect for the government to generate colossal revenue from the environmental taxation, they would be able to exercise public-private partnership and use it for further green R&amp;D Expenditures.</span></p>

25 Nov 2014 22:14:49 GMT

Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mauritius

<p>Expert assessments of democracy have always rated Mauritius as a paragon of democracy on the African continent. This briefing paper uses the results of an Afrobarometer survey to find out whether ordinary Mauritians agree with this assessment or not. The paper also demonstrates the opinions of people in other African countries regarding their national democracies.&nbsp;</p><p>The document finds that despite different levels of political development, support for democracy is high across the 12 examined countries. However, it notes that support is highest in Mauritius and Tanzania, and lowest in South Africa. Still, fewer Mauritian citizens are satisfied with the way democracy is working in the country than those that express support for it.</p><p>Concerning elections, a majority of Mauritians said they voted in the 2010 elections; nevertheless, the paper underscores that the country is characterised by very low levels of political party membership. In this respect, two-thirds of Mauritians state they are not close to any political party, while only a quarter of the population profess partisanship.</p><p>In the final analysis, the author concludes that Mauritians, as many of their counterparts on the continent, view democracy as the best type of government, but they still feel that there is room for improvement in the Mauritian democratic model.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Nov 2014 22:13:27 GMT

Promoting regional cooperation in South Asia through integrated forms of governance

<p>The rationale behind supporting integrated forms of governance in South Asia is to promote and intensify cooperation and to make use of the immense potential among non-state actors who would have a solution to transnational problems. The challenge for South Asian countries is to move beyond historical experiences in cross-boundary relations and traditions from previous cooperative arrangements towards new innovative approaches for regional development, which would enhance the legitimacy, accountability and credibility of such systems or practices.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper presents a case for&nbsp;integrated&nbsp;forms of regional governance in South Asia, and a model applicable across several different areas of cooperation. In sum, the paper argues that integrated governance model would enrich policy processes at the regional level, and would fulfill gaps in governance, representation and accountability. It would certainly help promote regional cooperation; nevertheless, it warrants important political and structural consideration.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The paper stresses that engagement with the civil society and private sector should not be seen as a one-way street where these actors are approached simply in terms of implementing or providing feedback on policies which had already been decided. Rather, through integrated forms of governance, all relevant stakeholders can be involved in defining targets, elaborating policies and putting them in place. Interaction and information sharing among state and non-state actors across national boundaries must be coherent and formalized to nourish a sense of shared political and economic destiny among South Asian communities.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Several applications of marketization and multi-stakeholder networks on the regional level have been suggested in the paper, which support the argument that integrated forms of governance can be effective in facilitating, promoting and identifying gaps in cooperation in different sectors or policy areas. However, since regional governance in South Asia is still at a nascent stage and no benchmark models for integrated forms of governance are available from other parts of the developing world, it would be difficult to evaluate the efficacy of the model in enhancing regional integration or in the development of a regional consciousness and collective identity required to solve common problems.</span></p>

25 Nov 2014 22:06:55 GMT

Packaging township development projects

<p>There are no simple solutions for leveraging the project inputs required for the success of township development projects. In most cases, such projects require long planning and implementation periods, the involvement of numerous agencies, and ample persistence and skill. This paper will examines how the inputs for successful township development projects can be mobilised and managed through the course of a project.</p><p>The study observes that the &nbsp;required inputs will be sourced from the municipality, provincial and national departments, and the private sector including non-profit groups). The distribution of inputs between institutions in these three sectors often pose the biggest challenge to township project managers. In most urban renewal environments, including townships, the majority of physical development projects require public-sector intervention in parallel to private investment. So, for example, studies of the successful URP anchor projects (DPLG 2009) demonstrate the success of interventions where the municipality assembles the land input and secures the requisite statutory approvals; as public and municipal capital investment in facilities and the public environment starts the investment ball rolling, this attracts additional private-sector investment, which, in turn, creates opportunities for smaller-scale private investment.</p><p>The study identifies a set of intervention strategies that target the physical transformation of township environments. Any physical intervention project &ndash; be it the establishment of a node, an activity spine or improving an open space system &ndash; need four inputs to be mobilised and applied:</p><p>1. Land</p><p>2. Capital</p><p>3. Human resources and skills</p><p>4. Statutory approvals and authorisations</p><p>To secure these inputs, a fifth condition is required: leadership. Someone needs to drive the complex processes of mobilising and applying these inputs. This is generally the function of the project manager. This paper is therefore written to help project managers/township renewal practitioners explore the processes of mobilising and applying the necessary requirements for success.</p><p>The paper conclude by stating that at the centre of all the successful case studies is a project manager, frequently &nbsp;supported by a project team, committed to seeing the project through to the end. If such leadership cannot be secured, the project will probably fail and should not even be attempted.</p>

25 Nov 2014 18:21:35 GMT

Gender justice and climate justice: community-based strategies to increase women’s political agency in watershed management in times of climate change

<p>Women are one of the groups which are disproportionately affected by climate change in developing countries, especially in relation to culturally prescribed roles related to water management. Women are however, often un-represented in decision-making related to climate change. This article describes initiatives which promoted women&rsquo;s participation through south-north partnerships in urban areas of Brazil, Canada, Kenya, Mozambique and South Africa. The article begins by outlining how poverty and gendered inequalities are not only overlooked in environmental policies, but affect participation in their formulation itself. It highlights the crucial role of grassroots civil society in addressing these inequalities and promoting climate justice. The Sister&rsquo;s Watershed Project, linked universities in Toronto, Canada and Sao Paulo, Brazil, to address the lack of female participation in watershed policies through education and training of a variety of grassroots stakeholders. The second project, which dealt with climate change adaptation in three Africa cities &ndash; Durban, Nairobi and Maputo &ndash; focussed on strengthening the role of civil society to characterise and influence the institutional framework for urban water governance. The authors argue that women&rsquo;s knowledge of local water conditions is incomparable and must be shared and incorporated into local, national and international decision-making and processes, in order for climate change responses to be just.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:30:17 GMT

Participatory planning, justice, and climate change in Durban, South Africa

<p>This academic article explores how participatory governance in urban environmental planning was implemented and experience in Durban, a coastal city in South Africa. The author, Aylett, contextualises participatory governance with the literatures on social justice and climate change. He highlights how participation has been promoted as a method to achieve social justice concerns, yet its impacts have often either just resulted in top-down agendas, or led to exclusion of the typically marginalised, thus perpetuating inequalities. &nbsp;The author acknowledges that the conceptualisation of participation has had impacts upon how it has produced and reproduced power imbalances at local scales, and draws on the philosophical work of Habermas and Foucault to outline the point. Next, he illustrates how participation concerns have pervaded the climate change discourse through the language of climate justice, where it is advocated that inclusive deliberation and decision-making will engage communities to actively participate in planning a future related to climate change which has equitable benefits and impacts. Aylett goes on to explore how participation, with the goal of climate justice, played out in Durban. He finds that deliberative structures and participatory planning and budgeting were successfully institutionalised in the municipality, which led to the participation of previously excluded groups. However, participations did not break down existing unequal patterns of energy consumption, nor did they have substantive impact on implementation of climate change related policies; their low budget prioritisation by the government being an example. Furthermore, conflicts between civil society and government prevented deliberative participatory governance in certain instances and led to greater participation and representation of needs from specific wards. The author calls for greater civil society contribution to formal participatory processes in future. By making the conflict productive, in the right forums, it could even out representation and action on climate change related policies.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:20:26 GMT

Too young to wed: the growing problem of child marriage among Syrian girls in Jordan

<p>War in Syria has killed more than 10,000 children. More than 1 million more have fled the country in fear, while millions more remain displaced inside the country. This briefing looks at another disturbing but less publicised impact of the crisis: the increase inthe numbers of girls who have been forced to marry. Child marriage existed in Syria before the crisis &ndash; 13% of girls under 18 in Syria were married in 2011. But now, three years into the conflict, official statistics show that among Syrian refugee communities in Jordan &ndash; the focus in this briefing given the lack of statistics inside Syria itself &ndash; child marriage has increased alarmingly, and in some cases has doubled. This briefing, based on desk research and interviews, provides a snapshot of the threats many of these girls face<br /><br />In Jordan, the proportion of registered marriages among the Syrian refugee community where the bride was under 18 rose from 12% in 2011 (roughly the same as the figure in pre-war Syria) to 18% in 2012, and as high as 25% by 2013. The number of Syrian boys registered as married in 2011 and 2012 in Jordan is far lower, suggesting that girls are, as a matter of course, being married off to older males.<br /><br />There are a number of reasons why families are opting for child marriage for their daughters. As refugees, Syrian families are reliant on dwindling resources and are lacking economic opportunities. At the same time, they are all too aware of the need to protect their daughters from the threat of sexual violence. Given these pressures, some families consider child marriage to be the best way to protect their female children and ease pressures on the family resources.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:04:57 GMT

Justice in urban climate change adaptation: criteria and application to Delhi

<p>The authors argue that it is not only important to understand if adaptation as it is implemented in cities is just, but that the way in which it is conceptualized and planned must be just too. They call for the development of clear criteria for identifying justice in urban scale climate change responses. This article is organized into three sections. It begins by contextualizing the concept of climate justice at the urban level by describing the adaptation challenges faced by cities and how vulnerabilities intersect with them. The second section discusses the ways in which justice could be considered, through first representing vulnerable groups in the planning processes of climate change adaptation; second through prioritizing their needs and,; third, impacts and outcomes which enhance their freedoms and assets. It adds that in order to account for the issues faced by vulnerable groups viz-a-viz climate change, one has to recognize the potential mechanisms of injustice. They present a four-point criteria for identifying injustice at the urban level, which includes:&nbsp;<br />i) the political economy of poverty &ndash; the politics of citizenship, inclusion, exclusion and representation at the city-level which can lead to marginalized groups&nbsp;<br />ii) thick injustice &ndash; deeply rooted injustice which emerges as a result of historic decision-making and governance at the city-level which is difficult to identify and thus counter&nbsp;<br />iii) technocratic governance &ndash; activities pursued in languages and data which are technical and thus exclude citizens without such experience or fluency<br />&nbsp;iii) institutional capacities &ndash; insufficient capacity administrative, technical or financial capacities at the local government level to pursue just climate change policies</p><p>The article uses this thinking to explore climate justice and injustice in the case of Delhi through a range of interviews with government, NGOs and academia. It highlighted that the city, although an early adopter of climate change adaptation, did not satisfy any of three criteria for justice. It found that the political economy of poverty and insufficient government capacity were the drivers of this injustice. The author calls for more research into these mechanisms of injustice, and a broader consideration in future climate change policies and planning of how citizenship and participation impact the potential for urban climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 17:00:55 GMT

Contesting climate justice in the city: Examining politics and practice in urban climate change experiments

<p>The concept of climate justice has been debated and contested at the scale of international climate change negotiations. Bulkeley and colleagues introduce the ways in which climate justice is being conceptualised, debated and pursued at the urban scale. They suggest it is practical and necessary to do so to achieve the broad aims of climate justice, because while attempts at international level seek to reduce power inequalities between states, such inequalities also exist within nation-states and impact upon the experience of climate change for the poorest and most vulnerable. This paper is split into three sections, the first considers how climate justice has been framed to date at the international level &ndash; which has focussed on rights and responsibilities, in relation to procedures and distributions. The second argues there is need for expansion of the conceptual framework to include recognition &ndash;&nbsp;in order to capture the multi-dimensional nature of what responses might entail. This is especially important for considering justice at the urban level &ndash; where a number of socio-economic injustices related to climate change are produced and re-produced. The third section illustrates how urban climate change experiments have been pursued and what their implications are in relation to climate justice.</p><p>The authors present cases from five cities: Bangalore, Monterrey, Hong Kong, Philadelphia and Berlin, and highlight how justice was conceptualised, practised and contested in each. They found that when climate justice was framed in terms of responsibilities, there was latent consideration of power imbalances, which impacted upon how mitigation projects were implemented. When framed in terms of rights, there was attention to patterns of advantage and disadvantage in the policy for climate change projects, but this either weakened when it came to implementation, or over-focussed on the rights of one group who were uninterested over the rights of a larger constituency who were keen to address the issue. The authors argue that the incorporation of recognition concerns would be useful as a starting point to explore what types of rights, responsibilities, procedures and distributions should be pursued to achieve forms of climate justice.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:57:07 GMT

Climate finance in the urban context

<p>This World Bank issues brief succinctly maps out potential climate financing opportunities for cities. It starts with describing the financing challenges and costs of adapting cities to resilient, low carbon development paths. The second section maps out current sources of urban climate finance, noting of case studies where cities have benefitted. &nbsp;These include, national and international funds for mitigation and adaptation; risk management instruments available to insure cities are protected against the costs of natural disasters and can mobilise finance quickly for emergency and reconstruction; market instruments including carbon finance and climate bonds; and public and private finance sources &nbsp;through direct and indirect investments. The third section argues urban climate finance through improved urban planning and an efficient combination of existing financial resourcing options can leverage new forms of financing from public and private sources. It argues that cities should start to have more influence on the international climate finance agenda by participating in measuring, reporting and verification of GhGs and conducting urban vulnerability and risk assessments. The author concludes by charting a range of ways for cities to become effective conduits for climate funding in future.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:52:32 GMT

Urban low carbon growth: financing opportunities for Indian cities

<p>This report, prepared by ICLEI South Asia with support from the British High Commission in Delhi discusses the opportunities for urban climate finance in Indian cities. It starts by detailing the context of urbanisation in India, and its impacts upon governance at the city and local government levels. It outlines India&rsquo;s impacts with regards global GhG emissions, noting the city areas are the major sources. In order to explore the challenges faced and the opportunities for climate finance, the authors conducted a qualitative review which included interviewing key stakeholders in government, civil society and banks, to understand current sources of climate finance available to urban policymakers, and the barriers. Based on the results, coupled with secondary research, the report proposes various policies, across various sectors, which could pursue low carbon, resilient development in India. Next, it outlines the schemes and financing available at various scales for low carbon urban growth and renewable energy, offering case study examples.</p><p>The authors found that there is a wide range of funding options available to Indian cities. However, poor technical, governance and financial capacities limit local governments to capitalise upon them. The fragmentation of authority through devolution currently leads to problems for unified planning processes at the city level, but presents an opportunity in future for mobilising new and innovative sources of climate finance. Even when finance is made available from multi and bi-lateral donors, local governments face difficulties in tracking and accessing the funds. This creates barriers to implementation, even when a unified policy framework has been put in place. Even with transparent financing, Indian local governments face a series of challenges which hamper attempts at implementation, which are outlined by the authors. Greater private sector involvement would help to mobilise finance, but private investors remain hesitant due to bureaucratic problems which great too great a risk for them to pursue the investment. The authors outline a range of responses to reduce those risks.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:48:35 GMT

Climate finance for cities and buildings - a handbook for local governments

<p>This handbook has been developed by UNEP to provide an overview and capacity-building for local government stakeholders about mechanisms to finance climate change adaption and mitigation. The second chapter lays out the international context to climate change mitigation, including the key challenges and opportunities for both cities and buildings, suggesting some tools to access climate finance. The third outlines the &lsquo;Measuring, Reporting and Verification&rsquo; (MRV) principles, arguing they are very important for GHG mitigation activities. Chapter four, still focussing on cities and building, describes both climate and carbon finance and their key access mechanisms. The report utilises case urban studies which implemented mitigation from climate and carbon finance in order to demonstrate best practise and learnings from climate and carbon finance.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:44:35 GMT

The Cities Climate Finance Leadership Alliance action statement

<p>This action statement is laid out with the aim to catalyse and accelerate capital flows to cities for investment in climate change responses such as low carbon development and resilient infrastructure, over the coming 15 years. The statement starts by highlighting the significant gap in investments and financial opportunities for cities to invest in climate-resilient infrastructure and mitifation activities. It outlines the structural and institutional barriers which are currently preventing greater climate finance to cities. Next it outlines the commitments made by the alliance members, which include:<br />i) Knowledge exchange and support for best-practise<br />ii) Advocacy to transform the financing landscape, engagement with finance leaders, and policy reform which incentivises and encourages investments in low carbon and climate-resilient infrastructure<br />iii) Research and knowledge management to document and share the landscape of urban climate finance and identify innovative pathways to access or build it.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:40:25 GMT

Financing the Resilient City: A demand driven approach to development, disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation

<p>ICLEI &ndash; Local Governments for Sustainability - proposes cities pioneer a demand-driven approach to climate financing. This approach involves &lsquo;inverting&rsquo; the typical development financing approach by: i) bottom-up planning for identifying climate vulnerabilities and risks, ii) bottom up development of appropriate resilience strategies, using local capacity and expertise, and then, iii) bottom up procurement of finances to support the strategies. The authors propose that this process would enable and motivate financial service providers to create a market of diversified pools of investment, allowing much larger potential flows of climate finance to cities &ndash; without relying on gaining access from the international climate funds.</p><p>The report is divided into three sections. The first outlines that this was developed in response to the feedback of key stakeholders at the 2010 Resilient Cities Congress held in Bonn, Germany. It details the history and rationale of ICLEI, and the range of bottom-up approaches to mitigation and adaption the organisation has developed and procured finance for. It argues that the majority future costs of adaptation and mitigation will be borne in the urban sphere, which creates a resilience investment opportunity. The second section contends that waiting for international climate finance poses a risk to cities, because the costs of adaptation are set to far outweigh the available funds. It proposes a the demand-driven approach as an opportunity: by integrating various sectors and mobilising the private sector, it aligns various agendas including adaptation, mitigation, human security and sustainable development, promoting more transformational forms of urban resilience. The third section outlines the requirements for a resilient city approach, which address local environmental factors, infrastructure, buildings, commercial life, social life, institutions, and governance issues comprehensively, in an integrated fashion. The fourth section describes how to create market conditions for financing resilient cities. The final section proposes ways to create more financial flows to resilient-city building through innovations in risk-based financial instruments. The authors conclude that a new &lsquo;alliance for resilient cities&rsquo;, which would include private sector partners and financial services providers, could pilot some comprehensive, bottom-up resilience projects.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:36:38 GMT

The Global Cities Covenant on Climate “Mexico City Pact”: A strategic Global Instrument for Cities and Local Governments Combatting Climate Change

<p>The Mexico City Pact was launched at the World Mayors Summit on Climate in Mexico City on 21 November 2010. It is signed by 207 cities and local governments worldwide and this report compiles progress achieved in the first two years. &nbsp;Divided into three key sections, it begins by describing the significance of the Covenant in the fight against climate change, particularly the integration of Mayors into the international climate change negotiation process in order to promote urban focuses and needs, and promoting mainstreamed, integrated responses to climate change at the city level in innovative and strategic ways. The second section describes the history of the pact, including its development and evolution and the roles of key mayor stakeholders in the process. The third illustrates the results of the Pact up to 2012, including its influence in putting urban climate resilience on the international agenda and its growth of signatory cities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:33:44 GMT

City level climate change plans and policies

<p>This article is published by the Evidence and Lessons from Latin America (ELLA) Learning Alliance on Climate Resilient Cities. This was a four-month online learning exchange between policymakers, practitioners and researchers from Latin America, Africa and South Asia who are policymakers, practitioners and researchers working on urban climate change issues. This document highlights the debates had around the issue of city-level climate change policies and plans, chaired by two expert stakeholders, from cities considered to be leading at integrating potentially transformative climate resilience at the city-level: Quito, Ecuador and Mexico City.</p><p>Split into three parts, the first documents the debates had amongst all stakeholders around whether comprehensive city-level policies and plans are an increasing trend in developing cities, and secondly, whether existing policy and planning contexts are enabling for enhancing urban climate resilience. The discussion highlighted that while this was an increasing trend in Latin America, city-level efforts remained rare in Africa and Asia. Some countries lacked a national focus on climate change resilience, while others had national policies but a lack of local government mandate, interest or capacity to promote resilience at the city-level. Climate change policies were claimed to be, commonly, knee-jerk responses to extreme climate events. Ultimately there is work to be done in creating enabling conditions for urban climate change policies and planning. Sections two and three describe the cases of Quito and Mexico City in terms of what were the challenges and enabling factors for their city-level policies. The experts highlight the importance of taking an inter-institutional, holistic approach to policy through focussing on steps which involve multiple stakeholders, including citizens and the private sector, and have multiple benefits i.e. mitigation, adaptation, conservation, social and environmental development. The strong political will of city-government stakeholders, especially Mayors, and young environmental leaders in civil society helped to catalyse action.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:27:37 GMT

Building urban climate resilience: learning from the ACCCRN experience in India

<p>This article, written by TERI, of the Asian City Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN), reviews the ways in which seven of the programme&rsquo;s Indian cities prepared climate resilience strategies. It notes how the policy-making context in India proves highly challenging for stakeholders trying to integrate resilience planning into policy across government. The need for, local, cross-department coordination is hampered in the context of national and state-led policies and budgetary allocations, and competing sectoral interests. It highlights how the ACCCRN has worked with 10 Asian cities to institutionalise urban climate resilience through participatory planning with city government, private sector and citizen stakeholders. The ACCCRN aims to expand the network to new regions, hence this paper aims to identity potential replication opportunities from the cities&rsquo; methodologies and processes, as well as identify challenges, gaps, and opportunities. This article focuses on the experiences in seven Indian cities: Surat, Indore, Guwahati, Bhubaneswar, Gorakhpur, Mysore and Shimla.</p><p>The methodologies differed to some extent due to contextual differences related to socio-political and geographic factors, stakeholder relationships, qualitative and quantitative skills, availability of existing data and time frames. Nevertheless, some common features were prerequisites for resilience-building: i) risk assessments including climate projections, sectoral analysis, vulnerability assessments and, ii) city resilience studies to identify a framework of strategies for building resilience and reducing vulnerabilities, including sectors for intervention and pilot projects. In order to promote successful replication, the authors highlight a range of necessary steps, including: capacity-building in the methodologies across stakeholders, institutionalisation of the resilience-building process at city-level through cross-department coordinating bodies, and policy and implementation support from state or national governments.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:19:27 GMT

Towards resilience and transformation for cities within a finite planet

<p>Sattherwaite and Dodman&rsquo;s editorial is an introduction to a special issue of environment and urbanisation which focusses on climate change responses in cities. It usefully summarises the state of debates about the meanings and complexities of the resilience and transformation concepts, pointing to the latest literature. It focuses on the following areas: i) cities capacity for change in the context of powerful corporate and political interests; ii) the differences between focussing on resilience, and transformation, in terms of counteracting these interests in order to promote inclusive responses to climate change, and; iii) the ways in which cities are learning from and holding each other accountable through networks and partnerships. The authors conclude that the literature is yet to comprehensively detail the support needed to catalyse fundamental changes in political and social systems to promote transformation.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:16:11 GMT

Cities: Engines of national and global growth (The New Climate Economy Report 2014)

<p>This report was produced by a partnership of seven leading policy and research institutions from the developing and the developed world. It argues that building more climate resilient cities will be beneficial for economic resilience and the global economy, contrary to concerns about the economic trade-offs of adaptation and mitigation. The economic, social and environmental costs of urban growth in the current trajectory, outweigh the benefits. More compact urban growth and more connected and environmentally efficient infrastructure could not only reduce GhG emissions by 1.5 billion tonnes by 2030, but could also drive economic productivity, as well as social and health benefits. Leadership has been demonstrated in adaptations, especially in the transport sector, but there needs to be new approaches to planning which integrate sectors such as transport, infrastructure and land use with wider economic, social and environmental objectives.&nbsp;<br />Taking into account the unique geographies and economies of different cities, the report divides them into emerging, global megacities and mature cities and compares their different threats and opportunities. It provides policy recommendations for infrastructural adaptations as per their category. &nbsp;It calls for three major approaches to future urban growth:&nbsp;<br />i) Compact development &ndash; planned and managed expansion interspersed with greenspaces. It should focus on higher-density, contiguous development, with functionally and socially mixed neighbourhoods, and walkable, human-scale local urban environments.<br />ii) Connected infrastructure &ndash; smarter, more efficient and integrated transport systems, buildings and energy sources.&nbsp;<br />iii) Coordinated governance &ndash; planning, policies and implementation shared across government departments and sectors. This should prevent other national priorities from overriding climate resilient development.<br />It concludes that the international community has a role to play in promoting the adoption of these strategies, through the sharing and support of best practise.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:12:11 GMT

Mexico City's Green Plan: EcoMobility in motion

<p>This report by ICLEI describes the &lsquo;green transportation plan&rsquo; of Mexico City, previously known as one of the most polluted cities in the world. The transport system has relied on cars and environmentally inefficient and unsafe microbuses, creating extreme levels of congestion which led to an average daily commute of 2.5 hours and dangerous levels of environmental pollution &ndash; posing threats to the health and welfare of its residents. In 2007, the city adopted its first, 15 year, &lsquo;Green Plan&rsquo;, which set out to address climate change through reducing GhG emissions and promoting &lsquo;ecomobility&rsquo; &ndash; non-motorised means of transportation. The plan has focussed on the expansion of the subway system and the upgrading of the bus network to a &lsquo;Bus Rapid Transit System&rsquo; (BRT).</p><p>The plan has led to the development of:<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A new, 12th subway line<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Three additional bus corridors<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Bus-only lanes to provide faster journeys<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A compulsory transport system for schools students to travel by either public transportation, bicycle or on foot&nbsp;<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Pedestrianisation of neighbourhoods and historical centres<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;A non-motorised lanes programme to increase the number and length of bike lanes<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;An affordable, short-term bike-rent scheme&nbsp;<br />&bull;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;The closure of certain major roads to cars, to make way for pedestrians and cyclists</p><p>Results show that the plan has had significant impacts after three years, including: the reduction of 342, 000 average daily cars on the roads; a shift of 15% previous driving commuters to eco-mobile modes of transportation; 21 schools enrolled on the compulsory transport system; 4000 registered eco-bike users; the reduction of 960 tonnes of pollutants; and the development of a new culture of respect for pedestrians and cyclists. However, due to the highly ambitious nature of the plan, some of the scheduled activities are not advancing on time. ICLIEI concludes that taking a mid-term approach to strategizing was beneficial to policymaking, resource planning and implementation. Participation is a crucial element of success in terms of planning and motivating stakeholders to take on behavioural changes. This case study provides an example and a template for replication in other cities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 16:06:25 GMT

Landslide risk reduction measures by the Rio de Janeiro City Government

<p>This chapter gives the history of the GEO-RIO foundation, an institute of geotechnics of the municipal government, which has been working to map the risk of landslides and develop prevention measures for almost 50 years. This article highlights their work since the 2010 floods, with the city Mayor, to develop a Disaster Risk Reduction Action Plan, which includes newer technologies for mapping risk, stabilising areas, early warning systems and protecting vulnerable populations.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:53:41 GMT

Sheltering from a gathering storm: Typhoon resilience in Vietnam

<p>This case study documents the rapid urbanization and economic development of Da Nang, a city in central Vietnam. It&rsquo;s geography &ndash; being located on the tropical storm belt, and characterised by both mountain ranges and low-lying coastal areas &ndash; renders it a disaster prone city affected by various water-related hazards which translate into catastrophe on an annual basis. Typhoons are a particular threat, with storms hitting the city between 3-5 times per year and affecting 80-90% of the population. The housing sector is deemed acutely vulnerable to weather extremes and storms often cause critical damages to thousands of houses. The authors note that per capita economic development has in fact increased housing vulnerability, because residents are using newer construction materials, often without sufficient technical knowledge or safety measures. Around 70% of newer houses did not incorporate typhoon resistant features, and many located in low-lying areas did not use flood-protection features either. Furthermore, while the government has introduced disaster risk reduction (DRR) measures through building codes, they only apply to houses over 250 metres squared, and smaller houses do not face regulations. These factors renders those living in the hazard prone areas at particular risk of disaster, especially the poorest groups.</p><p>The authors use an economic perspective, through the following methods, to outline the costs and benefits of using typhoon resilient housing in Da Nang.</p><p>i) They collected city-level data related to climate hazards and damage, and built an event frequency model for creating climate scenarios and projections.</p><p>ii) Household surveys were conducted to assess past damage experienced as a result of typhoon events.</p><p>iii) Through shared learning dialogues with local stakeholders they identified climate hazards, conducted a vulnerability assessment and assessed preferences for typhoon-resistant housing.</p><p>iv) A resilient housing design competition was held to seek the best housing solutions in the face of climate change.</p><p>v) A quantitative Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) calculated the economic efficiency of typhoon resistant housing while considering past events and damages in light of future projections.</p><p>The report concludes that innovative housing solutions are affordable and local communities are willing to invest in them if funding options are available. The CBA showed that the return on investment depended upon the year the typhoon occurred, but can be high especially if during the early years of the housing lifetime. They suggest several policy responses including providing subsidised loans, micro-insurance policies, improving awareness of vulnerable communities, and adapting building codes to ensure safer and more resilient housing.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:36:09 GMT

Building urban food resilience: assessing the peri-urban food system in Kathmandu Nepal

<p>This report from ISET-Nepal describes how agricultural production in urban and peri-urban areas of inland city, Kathmandu, has become unable to meet food security demands due to rapid urban growth and decreased water availability and water pollution. The report describes the physical, environmental and social vulnerabilities of the food system and populations of the Kathmandu valley. It predicts that continued urbanisation combined with climate change risks including erratic rainfall, rise in temperature and drought, will reduce food security by affecting the production of crops, livelihoods and the transportation of food to the most vulnerable communities, especially in times of extreme weather events like landslides.</p> <p>ISET propose a set of recommendations to adapt and build resilience to the peri-urban food system, which include: understanding the way vulnerabilities are interlinked and can be addressed through an iterative process of shared learning between various stakeholders; planting trees around farming lots to reduce heat island effects; creating new, more resilient systems of food transport; promote capacity development in innovative farming methods, or skills for new livelihood sources; composting of food waste; governance reforms to create desire for, and accountability for resilience measures.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:30:13 GMT

Vulnerabilities and responses to climate change for Dhaka

<p>This article looks at Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, one of the world&rsquo;s largest and fastest growing megacities. It is also the most densely populated city in the world, and as a result, faces a range of environmental problems which threaten both the health and security of its residents and the ecosystems. A low-lying coastal city, Dhaka is surrounded by water, making it known as the most vulnerable city in the world to natural disasters. It is argued that the impacts of climate change will exacerbate its significant existing vulnerabilities. This paper describes the city&rsquo;s development history, it&rsquo;s key vulnerabilities and institutions. It then documents Dhaka&rsquo;s contribution to climate change, which is negligible compared to the global figures, but is set to increase with its current resource use trajectory. Next it predicts the two major ways climate change will affect Dhaka &ndash; through flood-risk (also causing drainage congestion) and heat stress affecting a range of people and sectors &ndash; outlining how these climate risks have overlapped with vulnerabilities to create disasters in history. It highlights a range of responses already taken to adapt to these risks, and suggests future avenues.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:21:27 GMT

Water in Mexico City: what will climate change bring to its history of water-related hazards and vulnerabilities?

<p>The author highlights the risks Mexico City has historically faced with regards to water-related hazards, including flooding and water scarcity, and how various urban transformations have exacerbated the city&rsquo;s exposure to such risks. She proceeds to describe the ways in which environmental, social and economic vulnerabilities of the population, infrastructure and systems intersect with such risks, the more vulnerable populations have less propensity to adaptive capacity. She argues that climate change is likely to aggravate vulnerabilities, and the city needs to develop a long term disaster risk reduction framework which would i) develop capacities to anticipate and respond to hazards; ii) address underlying processes of socio-environmental deterioration that reduce the city&rsquo;s ability to reduce the impacts of hazards impacts; and, iii) engage with the socioeconomic and institutional factors driving vulnerabilities which affect adaptive capacities.</p>

25 Nov 2014 15:14:59 GMT

Assessing rural transformations: piloting a qualitative impact protocol in Malawi and Ethiopia

<p>This paper contributes to the literature on qualitative approaches to impact evaluation (QUIP) particularly in complex contexts. It reports on substantive and methodological findings from four pilot studies of a protocol for qualitative impact evaluation of NGO sponsored rural development projects in Malawi and Ethiopia. Two of the projects aimed to build resilience to climate change through support for a spectrum of livelihood diversification activities, while two focused on smallholder involvement in the value chains of specific cash crops.</p><p>The protocol was designed and tested through action research with the aim of generating evidence in a credible, timely and cost-effective way to confirm the causal theories underpinning project actions, as well as to explore incidental sources of change and unanticipated effects. The paper describes the methodology, provides an overview of findings and reflects on lessons learnt in addressing problems of attribution, confirmation bias and generalisability. It suggests scope for further development of responses to these issues based on self-reported attribution, partial blinding of respondents and nesting qualitative evaluation in quantitative monitoring.</p>

25 Nov 2014 11:45:51 GMT

Rapid desk-based study: Evidence to support improved solid waste management in Sierra Leone

<p>This study has involved a review of selected literature (published in the last 10 years or of particular interest for the intervention), dealing with issues and benefits linked with solid waste management worldwide and, specifically, in developing countries. An in-depth internet search has been carried out of academic literature and grey sources. However, it should be noted that, given the time available for this study (three days for research and two days for report writing), an exhaustive review of the literature is beyond the scope of this work.</p><p>The study has been structured in order to clearly analyse some of the key drivers of solid waste management interventions (public health, environmental protection, economic drivers and social drivers). A fifth driver (institutional driver) is discussed in Section 1 and 2 of the report, but the literature available on this topic is very limited and therefore not incorporated in the report annotated bibliography (Section 3). The available literature largely describes impacts of solid waste management on public health and environment, whereas the available literature on economic and social drivers is more limited.</p>

25 Nov 2014 11:00:50 GMT

The impact of large scale land acquisitions on water resources – a background note

<p>Since 2008 there has been a rapid increase in the level of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in agricultural land in Sub Saharan Africa and South East Asia. In 2008-2009 land acquisitions were estimated to be approximately 56 million hectares, 70-75% of which were in Africa (although it is likely that many leases are still pending or not yet executed). Large scale land acquisitions are primarily for agricultural development (circa 80%). The remaining 20% are dominated by extractives and infrastructure. Both agricultural development and extractives are potentially water intensive and water-polluting but high-quality research and understanding of these impacts is limited.</p><p>Analysis of the location of land acquisitions for the purposes of agricultural development and the types of crops that are grown strongly suggest that access to water is a primary rationale for acquiring land. The land is predominantly located close to access to blue water resources, which suggests an intention to irrigate the land. The UK, the US and China have acquired the most land but the picture in terms of water resources is different, with the US, the United Arab Emirates and India having acquired the most. However, data on the amount of water appropriated under land deals is highly uncertain and disputed more than data on the area of land acquired.</p><p>Despite this evidence, consideration of water in current debates on the impact of foreign investment in agricultural land has been peripheral and international guidelines and principles that seek to prevent damaging land acquisitions have not, until very recently, dealt with the risks land acquisitions pose to existing water resources and the risk water resources (or their scarcity) poses to successful investments in land.</p>

25 Nov 2014 10:31:02 GMT

A review of evidence, agreements, concepts and tools relating to participatory agricultural research

<p>This is a rapid desk based study to provide an overview of evidence, agreements, concepts and tools relating to participatory agricultural research. The review was undertaken using both peer reviewed and grey literature from the major development agencies (both multilateral and national), national and international research institutes and think tanks, and regional and subregional research organisations.<br /><br />There are notable successes in participatory research and these are illustrated throughout the report in a number of examples. The conclusion drawn is that there is no single &lsquo;typology&rsquo; that provides a template for success. There is a strong international consensus that<br />alleviating poverty in the developing world will require the improvement of a broad range of farming systems and that participatory methods are a significant contribution to these efforts. A balanced approach (using both conventional and participatory methods) with the balance determined by the problem set is ideal. An overview of the successes reviewed provides these important elements to creating an effective participatory research framework:</p><ul><li>intensive interaction with farmers;</li><li>strong national level technology development and dissemination capacity;</li><li>strong and effective links to international science; and</li><li>involvement of private sector actors in the research process</li></ul>

25 Nov 2014 10:23:24 GMT

Reading list: Training session on IPCC WGII contribution to AR5

<p>This reading list has been compiled to support DFID&rsquo;s internal training sessions on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group II (WG II) contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). The reading list is an annotated bibliography with a synopsis of content for each material and it is divided into three sections.</p><p>The first section contains a short list of pre-session reading materials. The second section is focused on resources to fill evidence gaps from a development perspective. While these resources are aimed at development practitioners, they are mainly drawn from grey literature. The third section contains a range of supplementary reading materials, mainly drawn from academic literature, that are designed to build and expand on the evidence base presented by WG II. They are grouped around the following themes: economic growth, poverty alleviation, food (including agriculture, livestock and fisheries), disasters, water, health, cities, human security and adaptation. Relevant resources for geographical regions and long term projections are also included.</p>

25 Nov 2014 10:10:41 GMT

Topic Guide: Maximising the benefits to the poor from infrastructure programmes aimed at increasing growth

<p>This Topic Guide provides advisers with an overview of how the poor can benefit from economic infrastructure projects. It focuses on projects that principally aim to boost economic growth and industrial development. In these projects, directly reducing poverty is likely to be a secondary outcome. In addition, it examines the potential for the infrastructure associated with the extractives sector to serve broader development goals.</p><p>The weight of literature suggests that improving economic infrastructure can boost economic growth. No country has sustained rapid growth without considerable public investment in infrastructure. However, while investment in infrastructure is a necessary condition for economic growth, it is not, on its own, sufficient. Investment has to be in appropriate, well-planned projects that are properly implemented and maintained. The broader environment must also enable conditions for growth. There is strong evidence that growth is key to long-term poverty reduction. However, to have a transformative effect on poverty, wider economic transformation that benefits the poor and shares prosperity broadly must accompany growth.</p><p>Economic infrastructure can bring direct benefits to the poor. Most significantly, the poor can benefit directly by using the services infrastructure provides, such as transport, information and communication technology (ICT), electricity and water for irrigation. Transport and ICT services allow poor people to access markets, health and education facilities. Access to clean water, sanitation and electricity has health benefits and means the poor have more time to spend on generating income. Poor people can benefit directly from jobs in constructing, maintaining and operating infrastructure.</p><p>The poor can also benefit indirectly from the spillover effects of economic growth stimulated by infrastructure services. New, cheap and reliable infrastructure services lower production and transaction costs and allow businesses to grow. The growth in economic activity and trade results in cheaper goods and services, which benefit the poor. The poor can also benefit from the jobs created by businesses that are growing and from new opportunities for self-employment generated by enhanced economic activity. The poor may also benefit indirectly as governments invest additional tax revenues generated by economic growth in public services.</p><p>The objectives of this Topic Guide are to:</p><ul><li>assess the extent to which economic infrastructure projects and programmes can create benefits for the poor;</li><li>identify measures that have been adopted to provide benefits to the poor from infrastructure projects aimed at increasing growth; and</li><li>assess the effectiveness of measures that have been incorporated in infrastructure projects with the aim of creating benefits for the poor in each of the transport, ICT, electricity and irrigation sectors.</li></ul><p>Conclusions: This Topic Guide identifies strong evidence of direct benefits to the poor across all sectors particularly relating to job creation and increased incomes. It also identifies the same indirect benefits in the transport and energy sectors. This does not mean there are no indirect benefits in the ICT and irrigation sectors, but there are significant methodological challenges to attributing indirect benefits to infrastructure development. Maximising the benefits to the poor from infrastructure projects means considering accessibility, affordability, engaging communities, information and training, and employment at the design stage.</p>

25 Nov 2014 09:57:28 GMT

What can Africa learn from China's experience in agricultural development

<p>Recently there has been a growing interest in China&rsquo;s rapid economic growth, particularly concerning the role of agriculture and its impact on poverty reduction. While China and Africa havedeveloped their agricultural sectors under different historical conditions, this paper&nbsp; proposes that China&rsquo;s poverty reduction and smallholder-based agricultural policies can provide a useful model for African countries to develop their own strategies in agrarian change.</p><p>China&rsquo;s experience suggests that for the countries with a majority of smallholdings, the development of agriculture requires consistent context-based strategies. With a dominant staple crop rural structure, agricultural development can be staple crop-led. Above all, market reform should be gradual so that smallholders will not be put into a &lsquo;market trap&rsquo; under market reform. Of course this is not to suggest that large-scale farming for cash crops and export materials should be stopped, but it is clear that this single structural track in agriculture is insufficient to earn investment capital for wider statedevelopment. The China case shows that both food-based systems and large-scale agriculture can exist side by side and that many mutual benefits can be derived from their coexistence.</p><p>However, Africa should still be very cautious about what to learn from China&rsquo;s successful experience in agricultural development. For example, China&rsquo;s long-standing food production-based agricultural policy has achieved national food security and increased food exports while farmers&rsquo; incomes have grown at a slower rate.Furthermore, China&rsquo;s agricultural production system has featured &lsquo;high input &ndash; high output&rsquo; production patterns that have made an important contribution to food security, but many have had irreversible impacts on the environment and natural resources. Africa of course cannot simply copy China&rsquo;s experience, but there are experiences to be learned from.</p>

25 Nov 2014 09:00:27 GMT

China’s industrialization: overview – implications for Africa’s industrialization

<p>Within a span of some six decades, especially the three decades after reform and opening up, China has been basically transformed from a traditional agricultural country to a modern industrialised state. Despite this great achievement, China&lsquo;s industrialisation process has also resulted in huge problems, including high energy consumption from extensive industrialization and environmental degradation such as worsening water quality and air pollution as well as land contamination and social inequality.</p><p>This report summarises and introduces some of the factors that helped China industrialise its economy and which might also be important or relevant to Sub-Saharan African conditions. It is intended to share those experiences with African countries to help better design their industrialisation policies.</p><p>The essence of China&lsquo;s industrialisation success has been largely driven by the state-led industry policy, i.e. to use the role of the state to eliminate barriers at each stage of development so that the country&lsquo;s comparative advantage can be utilised. In this regard, African countries face the challenge of how to reshape the role of the state to better use the political advantages given that most African countries&lsquo; have checks and balances based on competing politics to avoid short run, low political equilibrium. To have a consensus based development priority is essential to concentrate resources to let industrialisation take place.</p><p>For most African countries, to develop their agriculture is far the most important condition for industrialisation because without a well-developed agricultural sector, industrialisation cannot be sustainable. This does not suggest any development sequence, but rather to suggest that for agriculture-based economies, a broad-based development strategy that can link agriculture, industries as well as the services sector for labour employment and capital flow is critical.</p><p>African agriculture has grown about 4-5% over the last decade, but this growth largely derives from area expansion, rather productivity improvement. Given Africa&lsquo;s high population growth, Africa needs to achieve higher agricultural growth rates to produce meaningful margins.</p><p>Meanwhile, global industrialisation transformation will provide a great opportunity for African countries to use their comparative advantages. This can be seen from the case of increasing cost of labour in the emerging countries, particularly China. It suggests that Africa&lsquo;s industrialisation strategy should not only look at the conditions inside the continent, but also needs to see how their strategies can reflect how to engage with other emerging players.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Nov 2014 08:46:57 GMT

Unemployment biggest problem for Basotho, who also endorse illegal migration to get jobs

<p>What do Basotho people and other neighbour nations see as the most important problems facing their countries that their governments should address? This bulletin relies on an Afrobarometer survey to find the answers for this question.</p><p>The document shows that from seven southern African countries, unemployment was singled out as the most serious problem that requires government`s intervention. However, Lesotho comes fourth in the region, with South Africa having the highest proportion of respondents who consider unemployment a serious challenge to people`s lives. Furthermore, while survey participants rate the government&#39;s performance on creating jobs poorly, they also express optimism that the problem will improve in the next five years.</p><p>Equally important, a significant proportion of Basotho, in particular, say the government performed badly in preventing illegal migration to South Africa. Nevertheless, a majority of them also say the government should focus on other problems because illegal migration is necessary for economic survival.</p><p>As a result, the author deems the findings send strong message to the governments of countries concerned that unemployment calls for urgent attention and needs to be addressed. More specifically, the findings confirm that Basotho want to see their government follow through on its plans to generate jobs.</p>

24 Nov 2014 20:36:41 GMT

Nutrition baseline survey report for the national nutrition program of Ethiopia

<p>Due to a high prevalence of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian Government approved the country&rsquo;s first-ever National Nutrition Strategy (NNS) in February 2008 to address these issues. Following this endorsement, the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), in collaboration with partner organisations, developed the National Nutrition Program (NNP) to implement the NNS in order to reduce the magnitude of malnutrition in Ethiopia, especially amongst children under the age of five and pregnant and lactating women.</p><p>A baseline nutrition survey was carried out in May and June of 2009. The baseline survey is designed to cover all parts of the country. Information is captured for indicators of demographics, food security, water and sanitation, maternal and child health, as well as the nutritional status of children, adolescent girls and women.</p><p>Some of the major findings of the survey reported at national level are as follows:</p><ul><li>among all fathers, mothers and caretakers, 60 per cent have no schooling</li><li>among all households, only 57 per cent are using an improved source of drinking water, with differences between urban (87 per cent) and rural (46 per cent); overall, just 3 of 10 households (30 per cent) are treating or boiling water for drinking purposes</li><li>only 27 per cent of households are using an improved toilet facility with differences between urban (52 per cent) and rural (18 per cent)</li><li>among all households, 65 per cent are classified as being food secure, 21 per cent mildly food insecure, 13 per cent moderately food insecure and only 1 per cent severely food insecure</li><li>of all women with a pregnancy in the previous two years, 64 per cent had fewer than the WHO minimum recommendation of at least four ANC visits</li><li>a small proportion (17 per cent) of women reported taking iron/folate tablets during pregnancy</li><li>urban women are more likely to use a doctor (28 per cent) or nurse (34 per cent) for the birth of their child, while rural women are more likely to use a non-trained traditional birth attendant (33 per cent) or relatives/friends (37 per cent)</li><li>universal immunisation coverage of children 6 to 23 months of age is 29 per cent, while almost one quarter does not have any vaccinations at all</li><li>exclusive breastfeeding is reported for 51 per cent of the children 0 to 5 months of age, with 88 per cent of children under two years old still being breastfed</li><li>urban children (47 per cent) and those children with more educated mothers (65 per cent) are more likely to meet the minimum dietary diversity</li><li>34 per cent of children are underweight, with differences between urban (22 per cent) and rural (37 per cent)</li><li>nutritional status of adolescent girls show that 23 per cent were stunted, with girls 13 to 14 years old and those living in rural areas more likely to be stunted; 14 per cent of adolescent girls have a low body mass index for age</li></ul>

24 Nov 2014 17:11:43 GMT

Childcare practices among factory working and housewife mothers and its implications on child nutritional outcomes in Addis Ababa and Oromia regions, Ethiopia

<p>Inadequate care is one of the likely causes of child malnutrition. In view of this fact, today research initiatives in the area of childcare have received increased attention. The context of childcare is mainly composed of the feeding component, the health seeking behaviours of the caretakers and type of child minder. This is a cross-sectional study carried out in Addis Ababa and Oromia region. The main objective of this study is to investigate the current child care patterns and identify the risk factors that influence the nutritional outcomes of infants and young children born to factory working and housewife mothers by comparing child care practices in the two households.</p><p>The sampling frame is all factory and housewife mothers who have children aged 0-24 months. Sample size was determined using Fisher et al. formula and 330 from factory working and 330 from housewife mothers were randomly selected to participate in the study. From each group, a sub sample of 40 households was randomly selected for the 24-hour dietary recall. Data was collected using structured questionnaire administered to the mother/care taker.</p><p>From the current findings, it is evident that education and income have their own contribution towards a better nutritional outcomes of children and that young girl&rsquo;s education should be strengthened in the education policy of the country, nutrition education in the importance of timely introduction of complimentary foods, types, frequency and adequacy of the complimentary foods supported with practical training on preparation of complementry foods, hygiene practices and genreal childcare should be given to mothers and community as well. Women should be empowered with income genrating activities; the use of family planning should be encouraged, and facilities at workplace should be available for optimal child feeding (particularly breastfeeding for a minimum of six months and beyond).</p>

24 Nov 2014 16:08:07 GMT

Challenges and opportunities in CBN adaptation to pastoral areas in Ethiopia

<p>Ethiopian pastoralist community are more than 12 million occupying 61 per cent of the total land mass with more than 29 nationalities and ethnic groups. They inhabit land with natural resources and a wealth of cultural and traditional heritage that remains largely untapped.</p><p>The health sector development plan has increased its efforts to enhance good nutritional practices through health education, treatment of malnourished children, and provision of micronutrients to the most vulnerable group of the population in both agrarian and pastoral regions. In addition, the Health Extension Program (HEP) has included nutrition as part of the health packages. A National Nutrition Strategy (NNS) and National Nutrition Program (NNP) has also been developed and implemented. One of the components of NNP is Community Based Nutrition (CBN), which comprises list of nutrition and health care packages.</p><p>This report indicates the study that was conducted to investigate challenges and opportunities in adapting CBN into pastoralist communities of Ethiopia. In the study, four main pastoral regions namely; Afar, Somali, South Omo and Borana are included.</p><p>The study highlights the following major challenges and opportunities in the endeavour to provide adequate healthcare service to Ethiopian pastoralists:</p><ul><li>food insecurity and consequently the widespread acute and chronic malnutrition is directly or indirectly associated with chronic poverty, poor infrastructure, ecological constraints, limited arable land, absence of irrigation, disease, poor water and sanitation, inadequate nutritional and health knowledge and ethnic conflicts</li><li>reasons behind the low performance of healthcare service are associated mainly with pastoralist lifestyles that include dispersed settlement pattern, seasonal mobility, pervasive prevalence of harmful traditional practices, which, among other things, perpetuate under utilisation of services even when and where the health services are available</li><li>health facilities in pastoralist communities are limited in number, are under-staffed and service delivery is poorly organised</li><li>recruiting, training and retaining female Health Extension Workers (HEWs) is most difficult</li><li>absence of commitment of frontline armies (HEWs and Woreda Health Office (WoHO)), very low salary, absence of means of transportation together with dispersed settlement of pastoral community and absence of incentives despite the livelihood hardships</li><li>prevalence of endemic diseases, such as malaria, trachoma, and zoonotic diseases (e.g. bovine TB) and infectious diseases associated with poverty (poor housing, poor environmental and personal hygiene, lack of potable water, etc.) are common</li></ul><p>Some of the recommendations made by the study to address the challenges above are:</p><ul><li>attaching human health care services with veterinary and involving the veterinarians in nutrition works &nbsp;</li><li>irrigation might be an important instrument to settle people into areas where health and other important services can address the pastoralists</li><li>training and involvement of TBAs and traditional healers in primary healthcare program might help as those people have acceptance by the communities</li><li>involving pastoralists in any health planning and execution programme will also maximize the achievement</li></ul>

24 Nov 2014 15:17:16 GMT

Trapped in underdevelopment: the permanence of poverty and food insecurity in Malawi

<p>Reviewing Malawi Government development policy documents gives the impression that poverty and underdevelopment is a permanent feature. This policy brief tracks responses to a question asked by Afrobarometer about the most important problems respondents think government should deal with.</p><p>The author highlights that food shortage has always been the number one problem identified by the public in Malawi. In this sense, he notes that the fight against hunger that started at independence has not been won. Furthermore, he finds that one other enemy Malawi has been fighting against since independence has been ill-health. One of the reasons for this is the perennial poor nutrition occasioned by the permanent food insecurity and poverty.</p><p>The document underlines that although illiteracy is still a problem, education is not consistently cited as one of the topmost problems. Still, it demonstrates that poor economic management manifested through high inflation as well as depressed economic growth has always been a general problem in Malawi.</p><p>The author concludes that the list of most important problems by importance reveals that most of the issues that feature highly relate to meeting basic needs or obtaining basic social services. Thus, as long as Malawi remains underdeveloped, the most important problems will remain basic.</p>

22 Nov 2014 22:46:12 GMT

Instituting REDD+: An analysis of the processes and outcomes of two pilot projects in Brazil and Tanzania

<p>REDD readiness is about developing national strategies for REDD+ including the necessary systems to ensure reduced DD, encompassing systems for monitoring/carbon accounting and distribution of international compensations. Establishing REDD+ is a process of change not least regarding actions on the ground.</p><p>To facilitate the process, new institutions &ndash; e.g. rules &ndash; for the use of forests must be created. Clarification of property and use rights to forests may also be necessary as part of this process. Moreover, systems for monitoring and control must be developed. Finally, the creation of new organisations &ndash; both at national and local levels &ndash; may be necessary.</p><p>From this perspective, establishing REDD+ is about creating the necessary governance structures. A core question in that respect is the legitimacy of such a process and its outputs. Concerning the former, issues regarding participation in decision-making, accountability and transparency are key. Concerning the latter, the focus is on how acceptable the changes in the governance structure are found to be by the involved groups.</p><p>Establishing REDD+ is a learning process. Hence, a set of pilot projects have been set up to facilitate this. In this report, we document experiences from two such pilots. The first is a project in the RDS Rio Negro in Amazonas, Brazil. The other is in Kilosa, Tanzania. Our objective was to document and evaluate experiences with the process and outputs of introducing REDD+ in these two pilots.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences(UMB).</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:48:18 GMT

The Ongo Community Forest REDD+ pilot Project, Uganda: A socioeconomic baseline survey

<p>This report aims to synthesise information on current socioeconomic conditions within the villages that are to be involved in the Ecotrust Pro-Poor REDD+ pilot project in the Masindi district of western Uganda. Results from this research provide a baseline of the socioeconomic conditions of households in these villages that can be compared with follow-up surveys to be conducted after the REDD pilot has been in operation for some time. This comparison will help determine the impacts of the REDD+ pilot on poverty reduction and sustainable development.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences(UMB). Results from Uganda will later be combined with research from other countries (Vietnam, Brazil, Ghana and Tanzania) to compare the impacts across countries.</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:30:57 GMT

The Kilosa District REDD+ pilot project, Tanzania: A socioeconomic baseline study

<p>Tanzania has decided to embark upon a national REDD programme to meet its obligations of managing its forests sustainably while responding to poverty reduction initiatives. As part of the REDD Readiness phase, nine pilot projects are being carried out in different areas of the country to draw lessons to assist in structuring a successful REDD+ in the future. This study was conducted in Kilosa District where the Tanzania Forest Conservation Group (TFCG), in collaboration with Tanzania Community Forest Conservation Network (MJUMITA), are implementing one of the pilots.</p><p>This study forms a key component of the project &lsquo;poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture: options for equity, growth and the environment&rsquo;, led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB).</p>

22 Nov 2014 18:17:36 GMT

A tale of two presidents: assessments of ‘chitsulo cha njanje’ and ‘amayi’ in Malawi

<p>This briefing paper uses a recent Afrobarometer survey to compare people&rsquo;s assessments of the two most recent presidents of Malawi, the incumbent, Mrs. Joyce Banda, and her predecessor, the late Dr. Bingu wa Mutharika.</p><p>The paper indicates that president Mutharika came on the Malawi political scene in 1999, and his popularity was confirmed in the 2009 elections when he polled 66% and his party won an absolute majority in parliament. On the other hand, Ms. Banda became the president of Malawi in 2012 after the death of president Mutharika. She was previously the vice president, and her popularity then increased because she stood against the president&rsquo;s undemocratic moves.</p><p>Main findings are as follows:</p><ul><li>in general, the Banda administration is rated better than the Mutharika administration in all respects</li><li>although there is no clear reason, it seems that men modestly favour president Banda while women modestly favour president Mutharika</li><li>there is no clear pattern coming from area of residence; it is apparent that coming from either a rural area or town or city does not mean favouring a particular president</li></ul><p>The author concludes that in Malawi politics, relying heavily on regional support has proven to be a very dangerous approach, and a politically suicidal attitude that some political parties learned the hard way in the past.</p>

22 Nov 2014 11:42:19 GMT

Tanzania: citizens’ perceptions and attitudes towards taxation, tax enforcement and tax officials

<p>The last two decades have seen Tanzania implement important reforms of its tax system in search for more reliable financing for development. This brief explores contemporary public opinions and attitudes towards taxation, tax enforcement and tax officials in Tanzania.</p><p>The document reveals that there is a growing consensus among Tanzanians about the legitimacy of tax authorities&rsquo; mandate to collect taxes. However, a sizeable proportion of Tanzanians are misinformed about tax obligations.</p><p>Identically, the paper highlights that a significant proportion of surveyed citizens prefer higher taxes with more public services to low taxes with fewer services. Yet, the paper indicates that public perception of corruption by tax officials is on the rise; a situation which may undermine the effectiveness of tax enforcement measures.</p><p>As a result, the author suggests that there is a lot more to be done to enhance domestic tax collections:</p><ul><li>tax education and outreach, as well as strengthened enforcement, can encourage more voluntary compliance</li><li>citizens, for their part, can also choose to be more proactive in seeking tax information to enhance their awareness of tax policies</li><li>tax authorities need to take bold steps to ensure that every eligible tax payer is treated fairly, and corrupt officials are investigated and removed from their ranks</li></ul>

22 Nov 2014 10:17:14 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

This Forum examined the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 14:09:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: Knowledge Sharing

Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Death and taxis: Why the Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum matters - Insights Blog

The Green Growth and Sustainable development Forum is an annual event, and the third Forum will take place on 13-14 November 2014. This blog highlights the importance of the Forum, and how, far from being "abstract", this year's Forum offers an invaluable opportunity to address the social implications of implementing green growth strategies.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 15:35:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

All issues of the OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:07:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Green growth indicators

Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the different factors that affect green growth, and appropriate information is needed to monitor progress and measure results.

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:29:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

Greener Skills and Jobs

The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This paper suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD ProgBlog - Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

External Link: Insights Blog Export Restrictions, Facts, Fallacies, Shovels

Blog post on the OECD Insights blog discussing the conclusions from the new book on Export Restrictions in Raw Materials Trade: Facts, Fallacies and Better Practices.

Mon, 24 Nov 2014 16:22:00 GMT

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:32:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Egypt: Senior Fishery Officer P-5 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food and Agriculture OrganizationCountry: EgyptClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Organizational SettingThe Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa, RNE is responsible for leading FAO’s response to regional priorities for food security, agriculture and rural development through the identification, planning and implementation of FAO’s priority activities in the region. It ensures a multidisciplinary approach to programmes, identifies priority areas of action for the Organization in the Region and, in collaboration with departments and divisions at Headquarters, develops, promotes

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Natural Resources Officer (Climate Change) P-3 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food and Agriculture OrganizationCountry: GhanaClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Organizational SettingThe Regional Office for Africa (RAF) is responsible for leading FAO’s response to regional priorities for food security, agriculture and rural development through the identification, planning and implementation of FAO’s priority activities in the region. It ensures a multidisciplinary approach to programmes, identifies priority areas of action for the Organization in the Region and, in collaboration with departments and divisions at Headquarters, develops, promotes and oversees FAO&#39;s

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Land and Water Officer P-4 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food and Agriculture OrganizationCountry: GhanaClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Organizational SettingThe Regional Office for Africa (RAF) is responsible for leading FAO’s response to regional priorities for food security, agriculture and rural development through the identification, planning and implementation of FAO’s priority activities in the region. It ensures a multidisciplinary approach to programmes, identifies priority areas of action for the Organization in the Region and, in collaboration with departments and divisions at Headquarters, develops, promotes and oversees FAO&#39;s

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Plant Production and Protection Officer P-4 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food and Agriculture OrganizationCountry: GhanaClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Organizational SettingThe Regional Office for Africa (RAF) is responsible for leading FAO’s response to regional priorities for food security, agriculture and rural development through the identification, planning and implementation of FAO’s priority activities in the region. It ensures a multidisciplinary approach to programmes, identifies priority areas of action for the Organization in the Region and, in collaboration with departments and divisions at Headquarters, develops, promotes and oversees FAO&#39;s

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Veterinary Officer (source: Relief Web)

Country: KenyaClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Accountabilities: Under the direct supervision of the Project Coordinator, the Veterinary Officer will be responsible for the following duties:Major Duties and Responsibilities:Facilitate training on Animal health production and participate fully in the participatory disease surveillanceProvide technical advisory related to veterinary services to the diocese and manage the breed improvement strategy for livestock.Oversee the implementation of the Mass Vaccination Activities in LoimaSupervise the management of the Community Agro-vets, Mobile Veterinary

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: M&E Officer (source: Relief Web)

Country: KenyaClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Accountabilities:Under the direct supervision of the Project Coordinator, the M&amp;E Officer will be responsible for the following duties:Major Duties and Responsibilities:Lead the field-based implementation of an M&amp;E strategy for the ARP Loima programme that reflects the result based management approach.Oversee the implementation of monitoring and evaluation systems, including a database, analysis of data and ensuring that findings are fed back into programme.Work with project staff to maintain quality assurances of data collected; ensure that

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Logistics & Procurement Assistant_IOM (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 05 Dec 2014The International Organization for Migration (IOM) office in Yangon, a Geneva-based international organization with over 150 offices world-wide, is seeking qualified professionals to join the IOM office in Yangon, Myanmar.VA No :VA/14/166 (Re-announce)Position/Title :Logistics &amp; Procurement AssistantNo**. of position : 1**Duty Station :Yangon, MyanmarClosing Date :05 December 2014 (Firday)Suitably qualified candidates are invited to submit their applications via Email to hryangon@iom.int

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Area Representative - Somaliland - Somalia/Somaliland Programme (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: WorldClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Disaster Response Manager - Ebola (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TearfundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 10 Dec 2014We are looking for an experienced Disaster Response Manager to implement an effective strategy for Tearfund’s Ebola Crisis Appeal Programme in the context of Tearfund’s corporate outcomes and vision.You will have responsibility to facilitate all aspects of Tearfund’s involvement in the Ebola Crisis Appeal Programme including:Coordinating and monitoring implementation of partner projects in Sierra Leone and LiberiaBuilding the capacity of Tearfund partners as they implement the response and promotion of quality standardsActing

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: MSF-Spain is looking for an Ebola/Virus Hemorragic fever Referent (Temporary position based in Barcelona) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins Sans FrontièresCountry: SpainClosing date: 08 Dec 2014MAIN OBJECTIVE OF THE POSITIONTemporary technical support to ongoing Ebola/VHF interventions and potential new ones. S/he will be based in Barcelona and give support in this area to the polyvalent medical staff in the cells, the teams in the field and operations department in general at HQ level. S/he will be responding to the needs and requests of OCBA missions, with the responsibility to cover effectively all the technical support needed in the OCBA portfolio in this domain. The close coordination with other referent

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Psychiatrist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: LebanonClosing date: 09 Dec 2014UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCYFOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST – UNRWAUNRWA is the United Nations agency responsible for the protection, care and human development of a population of some 4.6 million Palestine refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Syrian Arab Republic. The Agency is committed to assisting Palestine refugees in maintaining a decent standard of living, acquiring appropriate knowledge and skills, enjoying

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

MSF-Spain is looking for a Virus Hemorragic Fever / Ebola Mobile Implementation Officer (MIO) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins Sans FrontièresClosing date: 08 Dec 2014MAIN OBJECTIVE OF THE POSITIONThe EVD MIO will ensure that all MSF-OCBA standards in relation to EVD or other VHF are correctly implemented in the field mission, and in coherence with MSF-OCBA medical and operational principles.Depending on the project of deployment, specific visit TOR will be done in conjunction with Deputy Med Director, the EVD Referent, TESACO and MCT of mission. The TOR could include several of the tasks below or others according to identified need. Visit planning could always be modified according to prioritized

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: MdM seeks a FIELD COORDINATOR (M/F) - TURKEY (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 31 Mar 2015For more than 30 years, Médecins du Monde, a campaigning medical organisation committed to international solidarity, has been caring for the most vulnerable populations at home and abroad. It has continued to highlight obstacles that exist in accessing health care and has secured sustainable improvements in health-for-all policies. Those working for this independent organisation do not solely dispense care and treatment but condemn violations of human dignity and rights and fight to improve matters for populations living

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: Education Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.6 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nigeria: Director of Finance - Nigeria (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: NigeriaClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: TWO FIELD COORDINATORS - MYANMAR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 27 Dec 2014We are looking for: TWO FIELD COORDINATORSCountry: Myanmar – (based in Maungdaw district and Sittwe)Length of contract: 12 months from the 1st of February 2015 (Maungdaw district) from the 12th of March 2015 (Sittwe)The position:The Field Coordinator leads ACF’s operations in the area of competence as per Country’ strategy. The Field Coordinator provides supervision and leadership to both program and support teams in the field site. More specifically, the field coordinator is responsible for:Coordinate ACF

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Yemen: A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - YEMEN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: YemenClosing date: 26 Dec 2014We are looking for:A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENTCountry: YEMEN – Sana’aLength of contract: 12 months, starting as soon as possibleThe position: Under the supervision of the Country Director, you will have to design ACF Water, Sanitation &amp; Hygiene (WASH) country strategy and contribute to its implementation in order to maximise ACF impact.More precisely, your main responsibilities will be:Contribute towards definition and orientation of the planned programming strategy, especially for

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Humanitarian Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.6 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: Institutional Partnership Development Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SOS Children&#039;s Villages InternationalCountry: SenegalClosing date: 04 Dec 2014Established in 1949, SOS Children&#39;s Villages is a dynamic social development organisation working globally to meet the needs and protect the interests and rights of orphaned and vulnerable children. SOS Children’s Villages international works thorough member associations in over 133 countries worldwide. The International Regional Office for West and Central Africa directly supports member associations in 18 of these countries and is currently expanding its professional regional team. We are

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Partner Support Manager - Liberia (219445-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 25 Jan 2015PROGRAM/DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operational in Liberia since 2002, most recently implementing programs in food security, peace building, and youth empowerment. Currently, Liberia is the epicenter of a fast-moving regional Ebola epidemic, which also includes Sierra Leone, Guinea and Nigeria. To date, nearly 4,000 people in Liberia have been infected, with over 2,200 deaths (3 Oct 2014). As the Ebola epidemic spreads throughout Liberia, existing social and economic challenges are growing more complex, requiring

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Chief of Party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food for the HungryCountry: RwandaClosing date: 19 Dec 2014Open Until Filled: Applications will be accepted until a sufficient pool of qualified applicants has been received.This position is open world-wide to all qualified applicants. Qualified professionals; females and males as well are encouraged to apply.This position is dependent upon FH receiving confirmed funding from USDA. The program provides agricultural commodities and the provision of financial and technical assistance to improve the education, food security and health of school-age children, especially girls,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: Communications and Knowledge Management Officer P2 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Food ProgrammeCountry: ItalyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world&#39;s largest humanitarian agency, fighting hunger worldwide. We are seeking to fill the position of Communications and Knowledge Management Officer at the P2 level, based in the organization’s Office of the Inspector General (OIG) at our Headquarters in Rome, Italy.Within delegated authority, the Communications and Knowledge Management Officer will administratively report to the Director of Internal Audit, and support both the Office of Internal Audit (OIGA)

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Egypt: MdM seeks a GENERAL COORDINATOR (M/F) - Egypt (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: EgyptClosing date: 28 Feb 2015For more than 30 years, Médecins du Monde, a campaigning medical organisation committed to international solidarity, has been caring for the most vulnerable populations at home and abroad. It has continued to highlight obstacles that exist in accessing health care and has secured sustainable improvements in health-for-all policies. Those working for this independent organisation do not solely dispense care and treatment but condemn violations of human dignity and rights and fight to improve matters for populations living

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Project Manager Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Medical Teams InternationalCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014This is a 6 month contract. This position is contingent on grant funding.Job SummaryMedical Teams International (MTI) has been implementing health programs in Liberia since 2004. With the advent of the West African Ebola Crisis MTI was well positioned to provide a humanitarian response in Liberia. MTI is responding the Ebola Crisis by implementing multiple health projects across Liberia which are expected to expand within the coming year.The Project Manager leads MTI’s response for the OFDA funded Rapid

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Field Coordinator Liberia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Medical Teams InternationalCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014This is a 6 month contract. This position is contingent on grant funding.Job SummaryMedical Teams International (MTI) has been implementing health programs in Liberia since 2004. With the advent of the West African Ebola Crisis MTI was well positioned to provide a humanitarian response in Liberia. MTI is responding the Ebola Crisis by implementing multiple health projects across Liberia which are expected to expand within the coming year.The Field Coordinator leads MTI’s response in the one of the assigned

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: UN RESPONSABLE DES APPROVISIONNEMENTS (H/F) - RCA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 26 Dec 2014Nous recherchons : UN RESPONSABLE DES APPROVISIONNEMENTS (H/F)Contexte :République Centrafricaine, basé à BanguiDurée du contrat : 6 mois, à partir du 19 février 2015Le rôle :Sous la supervision du Coordinateur logistique, vous avez pour responsabilité de mettre en œuvre la politique d’approvisionnement de la mission pour garantir la performance logistique et apporter le meilleur soutien aux programmes sur Bangui, Bossangoa, Nola et Sibut.Plus précisément, vous êtes en charge de :Mettre en

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Two Research Assistants, Mid-term Evaluation of the USAID Regional Investigative Journalism Network Project, Washington, DC (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Social ImpactCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 26 Dec 2014Two Research Assistants, Mid-term Evaluation of the USAID Regional Investigative Journalism Network Project, Washington, DCSocial Impact (SI) is a Washington, DC-area international development management consulting firm. SI’s mission is to improve the effectiveness of international development programs in improving people’s lives. We provide a full range of management consulting, technical assistance, and training services to strengthen international development programs, organizations, and policies. We provide

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: UN COORDINATEUR LOGISTIQUE (H/F) - RCA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 26 Dec 2014Nous recherchons : UN COORDINATEUR LOGISTIQUE (H/F)Contexte :République Centrafricaine, basé à BanguiDurée du contrat :De 6 à 12 mois, à compter du 18 Février 2015Le rôle :Sous la responsabilité du Directeur Pays, vous avez pour objectif de garantir la performance logistique de la mission et coordonner sa mise en œuvre pour apporter le meilleur soutien aux programmes.Plus généralement, vous serez en charge de :Contribuer à la définition de la stratégie de la missionA ce titre, vous êtes

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Senior Manager - MEAL (source: Relief Web)

Country: AfghanistanClosing date: 09 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Partnership and Grants Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: HaitiClosing date: 25 Jan 2015DescriptionThe International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world&#39;s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the way from harm to home.BACKGROUND:

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Head of 3MDG Health Programme (source: Relief Web)

Country: MyanmarClosing date: 09 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands: A HUMAN RESOURCES COORDINATOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Svalbard and Jan Mayen IslandsClosing date: 26 Dec 2014We are looking for A HUMAN RESOURCES COORDINATORContext:in Yemen based in SanaaLength of Contract: 12 months, starting as soon as possibleThe position Define Human Resources (HR) policy for the mission and coordinate its implementation and deployment throughout the mission in order to provide optimum support to programs.In the context of establishment and running of the HR Department on the Yemen Mission, you will have to conduct HR assessment, put in place HR procedures and create appropriate

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Aruba (The Netherlands): Senior Associate, Vaccines Team (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Clinton Health Access InitiativeCountry: Aruba (The Netherlands), Bulgaria, United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Dec 2014OverviewThe Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) works in partnership with country governments, partners, and other major stakeholders to identify the key obstacles to access and scale-up of essential health services, and to develop sustainable strategies to overcome them. CHAI’s solution-oriented approach focuses on improving market dynamics for medicines and diagnostics; lowering prices for treatment; accelerating access to life-saving vaccines and

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Madagascar: Deputy Country Representative-Corporate Services and Finance, Madagascar (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: MadagascarClosing date: 26 Dec 2014PSI Madagascar seeks experienced candidates for the position of Deputy Country Representative for Corporate Services &amp; Finance (DCR-CSF). The DCR- CSF will report to the Country Representative (CR) of PSI Madagascar and the position is based in Antananarivo. The DCR-CSF will work with the CR to provide overall leadership for developing and overseeing PSI Madagascar’s finances and administration.The DCR-CSF should have significant technical and managerial experience, including demonstrated success in financial

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: PSYCHOLOGIST (HQ POSITION) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médicos del MundoCountry: SpainClosing date: 29 Jul 2015MISSION:Development of the projects currently implemented in Sierra Leone, ensuring appropriateness of actions in respect of Médicos del Mundo (MdM) policies and of the identifications already made.JOB SUMMARY:Coordinates and manages psychosocial component for staff, and ensures de implementation of psychosocial component in the project on the field, according to the planned objectives under quality standards.GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF INTERVENTION:Madrid with frequent travels to Sierra LeoneORGANIZATION CHART:The successful

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: PRESS OFFICER EMERGENCIA ÉBOLA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médicos del MundoCountry: SpainClosing date: 30 Jun 2015MISIÓN:Apoyar de forma general a la Unidad de Respuesta Ebola en sus proyectos en Sierra Leona.ÁMBITO GEOGRÁFICO DE INTERVENCIÓN:Sede central de Médicos del Mundo en Madrid, con frecuentes viajes al país de intervención.ORGANIGRAMA:Dependencia directa de la Coordinación de proyecto de la unidad de emergencia de ébola.FUNCIONES:Coordinar y desarrollar la estrategia de comunicación interna y externa de la emergencia de Sierra Leona, en base a las líneas misionales de Médicos del Mundo y al plan estratégico de Médicos

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: ASISTENTE ADMINISTRATIVO PARA UNIDAD DE RESPUESTA EBOLA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médicos del MundoCountry: SpainClosing date: 30 Jun 2015MISIÓN:Apoyar de forma general a la Unidad de Respuesta Ebola en sus proyectos en Sierra Leona.ÁMBITO GEOGRÁFICO DE INTERVENCIÓN:Sede central de Médicos del Mundo en Madrid.ORGANIGRAMA:Dependencia directa de la Coordinación de la UnidadFUNCIONES:Siguiendo los criterios y directrices de la coordinación de la Unidad, coordinar y gestionar los recursos de la unidad (propios y externos)de acuerdo a los niveles de servicio establecidos por la unidad de ebola.-Coordinar la gestión administrativa derivada de la

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Argentina: Ministry of Oil Senior Advisor, USAID-Tarabot, Iraq (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Systems InternationalCountry: Argentina, IraqClosing date: 26 Dec 2014Ministry of Oil Senior Advisor, USAID-Tarabot, IraqCompany Profile:MSI is an international development firm in the Washington, D.C., metro area with a 30-year history of helping to deliver results across the developing world. In 2008, we became part of Coffey International Limited. Since that time, we have greatly expanded our ability to respond seamlessly and flexibly to client needs with Coffey&#39;s international development offices in the United Kingdom and Australia. We operate in some of

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Child Participation Consultant (source: Relief Web)

Country: TurkeyClosing date: 03 Dec 2014Save the Children is the world&#39;s leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children&#39;s lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.6 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cameroon: Technical Assistance Consultant - Pediatric Training Center Program Manager in Cameroon (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS FoundationCountry: CameroonClosing date: 25 Dec 2014REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS #03681Pediatric Training Center Program Manager in Cameroonin support ofELIZABETH GLASER PEDIATRIC AIDS FOUNDATION (EGPAF)Firm Deadline: Monday, December 8, 2014, 8:00am EST / 14:00 GMT +1The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF, or the Foundation), a non-profit organization, is the world leader in the fight to eliminate pediatric AIDS. Our mission is to prevent pediatric HIV infection and to eliminate pediatric AIDS through research, advocacy, and prevention

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cameroon: Technical Assistance Consultant - Pediatric Training Center Program Manager in Cameroon (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS FoundationCountry: CameroonClosing date: 25 Dec 2014REQUEST FOR PROPOSALS #03681Pediatric Training Center Program Manager in Cameroonin support ofELIZABETH GLASER PEDIATRIC AIDS FOUNDATION (EGPAF)Firm Deadline: Monday, December 8, 2014, 8:00am EST / 14:00 GMT +1The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF, or the Foundation), a non-profit organization, is the world leader in the fight to eliminate pediatric AIDS. Our mission is to prevent pediatric HIV infection and to eliminate pediatric AIDS through research, advocacy, and prevention

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senior Research Assistant (source: IFPRI)

Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as a Senior Research Assistant within the Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) team of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation (Africa RISING) program in its Environment and Production Technology (EPTD) Division. This is a one-year, exempt, fixed-term, renewable appointment (depending on project funding and performance) based in Washington D.C. Africa RISING program comprises three research-for-development

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: ENSURING THE PROTECTION OF CONFLICT-AFFECTED PALESTINE REFUGEES FROM SYRIA EXTERNAL FINAL PROJECT EVALUATION – TERMS OF REFERENCE (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: JordanClosing date: 09 Dec 2014Ensuring the Protection of Conflict-affected Palestine Refugees from SyriaExternal Final Project Evaluation – Terms of ReferenceNovember 20141. Background and contextUNRWA is a United Nations agency established by the General Assembly in 1949 and is mandated to provide assistance and protection to a population of some 5.3 million registered Palestine refugees. Its mission is to help Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip to achieve

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

occupied Palestinian territory: International Consultancy: Lead evaluator for the final independent evaluation of UNRWA’s Resource Mobilization Strategy 2012-2015, home based (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: occupied Palestinian territoryClosing date: 23 Dec 2014CONSULTANCY - TERMS OF REFERENCEUNRWA is a United Nations agency established by the General Assembly in 1949 and is mandated to provide assistance and protection to a population of some 5 million registered Palestine refugees. Its mission is to help Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank and the Gaza Strip to achieve their full potential in human development, pending a just solution to their plight. UNRWA’s services encompass education,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Director, International Emergency Cash Transfer Programming (CTP) Payment Solutions (source: Relief Web)

Organization: American Red CrossCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 22 Dec 2014The American Red Cross (ARC) International Services Department (ISD) seeks to prevent and alleviate human suffering around the world by responding to disasters, building safer, more resilient communities, and educating future humanitarians. With programs and partners in 70 countries, the American Red Cross working to strengthen the global Red Cross Red Crescent Network in order to deliver critical assistance to some of the most vulnerable communities in the world, reaching 100 million people annually.SUMMARYThe

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

occupied Palestinian territory: Child Protection Officer, Jerusalem (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: occupied Palestinian territoryClosing date: 05 Dec 2014TERMS OF REFERENCEUNRWA is a United Nations agency established by the General Assembly in 1949 and is mandated to provide assistance and protection to a population of some 5 million registered Palestine refugees. Its mission is to help Palestine refugees in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank and the Gaza Strip to achieve their full potential in human development, pending a just solution to their plight. UNRWA’s services encompass education, health

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

Job Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as Associate Research Fellow (ARF) for a two (2) year, fixed-term appointment, and renewable depending on performance and funding, for its Program Management Unit of CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets  (PIM).  This position is based at IFPRI headquarters located in Washington, D.C and would involve travel to any of the countries in which IFPRI carries out its research. The ARF will further the analytical work on gender undertaken within the PIM portfolio,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Grants Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Baytna SyriaCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Ref. No.:BS/HR.V/03.14Job Title: Grants OfficerBaytna Syria was launched in 2013, as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit a Grants Officer (GO) to assist in the identification, management, and delivery of funding to CSOs and to contribute to the overall program effectiveness and efficient program delivery.Contract Type and Length: Long term

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Senior Program Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Baytna SyriaCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Ref. No.: BS/HR.V/01.14Job Title: Senior Program ManagerBaytna Syria was launched in 2013 as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit a Senior Program Manager to support the Technical Assistance (TA) Team and later on the Executive Director (ED) and to coordinate the implementation of the three main program areas, i.e. (a) Events / Logistics; (b)

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Capacity Building Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Baytna SyriaCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Ref. No.:BS/HR.V/02.14Job Title: Capacity Building OfficerBaytna Syria was launched in 2013 as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit a Capacity Building Officer (CBO) to develop the capacity building programs, to assess the institutional needs of CSO, and to design tailor made support.Contract Type and Length:Long term consultancyCandidate

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Events / Logistics Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Baytna SyriaCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Ref. No.:BS/HR.V/04.14Job Title: Events / Logistics OfficerBaytna Syria was launched in 2013 as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit an Events / Logistics Officer (ELO) to be responsible for conceptualizing, planning, overseeing, and completing events at the Baytna Syria location in Gaziantep, Turkey**.**Contract Type and Length:Long term consultancyCandidate

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Field Program Officers (Syria) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Baytna SyriaCountry: Syrian Arab Republic, TurkeyClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Ref. No.:BS/HR.V/05.14Job Title:Field Program Officers (Syria)Baytna Syria was launched in 2013 as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit 5 Field Program Officers (FPO) based in Syria to act as focal points for the overall coordination and management of all activities inside a given geographic area in Syria, ensuring the quality

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: French Translator at Beyond Violence (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Beyond ViolenceCountry: WorldClosing date: 04 Dec 2014French translator at Beyond Violence (unpaid - worldwide)You have experience or enthusiasm for translating texts from English to French? You have a passion for combating violence in the world bit by bit as part of a global movement? Then Beyond Violence is precisely the organisation you will be interested in!Beyond Violence is centered around a web platform which seeks to engage people across countries and continents in the promotion of non-violent conflict transformation. Through online petitions, forum discussions, digital

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Intern, Business Operations (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 26 Dec 2014Position Title: Intern, Business OperationsRequisition Number: 14-0151Location: Washington, DCThis paid internship will begin mid-January and end at the end of April, and will require 20 hours per week of commitment. This position will pay $12/hour.Department Overview:Pact exists to help create a world where those who are poor and marginalized exercise their voice, build their own solutions, and take ownership of their future. The Business Operations unit, contributes to realizing this purpose by pursuing

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: ADVERTISEMENT FOR CONSULTANTS TO PREPARE CENSUS THEMATIC REPORTS, Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar Country Office (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 10 Dec 2014ADVERTISEMENT FOR CONSULTANTS TO PREPARE CENSUS THEMATIC REPORTSOpening for ConsultancyDuty Station: Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar Country OfficeJob Title : Lead Author/ consultant of Census Thematic Report ( One consultant per report), Department of Population, Ministry of Immigration and Population.Duration: Estimated 45 working daysDeadline for applications: 10 December 2014Organization Unit UNFPA Country Office, MyanmarTERMS OF REFERENCEBackgroundThe United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Department

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Republic of Tanzania: Chief of Party PROTECT, Tanzania (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Tetra TechCountry: United Republic of TanzaniaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Tetra Tech ARD, (www.tetratechintdev.com) a leading international development consulting firm based in Burlington, Vermont and Washington, D.C., is currently accepting expressions of interest from qualified candidates for Chief of Party on an anticipated five-year USAID funded project in Tanzania. PROTECT is a five year intervention that will address dynamics in Tanzania that threaten biodiversity conservation and inhabit private sector-led tourism growth. It will incorporate a series of integrate and overlapping

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Switzerland: Intern Finance and Administrative Assistant, International Secretariat - Geneva, Switzerland (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Femmes Africa SolidaritéCountry: SwitzerlandClosing date: 07 Dec 2014ProfilePursuing or completed university degree in finance, business studies, general management or related fields;Experience in Financial record keeping working with NGOsExperience in procurement activitiesExperience in office managementKnowledge of computer applicationsFluency in French and English;Ability to work in a team and independently.Duties and ResponsibilitiesUnder the direct supervision of the Administrative and Finance officer and the overall supervision of the Executive Director at

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Honduras: Finance Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Peace Brigades InternationalCountry: HondurasClosing date: 10 Dec 2014RECRUITMENT NOTICE: PBI CALL FOR APPLICATIONSHONDURAS PROJECT FINANCE OFFICERDear friend,Peace Brigades International (PBI) is recruiting a Financial Officer for the Honduras Project. You will find below a job description with the requirements and conditions of the post. Further information about the project and current work could be found on the website and Facebook.The program selection process is as follows:Deadline for applications: December 10, 2014 (9am GMT)Date of interview: December 15-19,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Regional Humanitarian Food Security and Livelihoods Adviser – Central America (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: WorldClosing date: 03 Dec 2014Save the Children are looking for a regional technical adviser in humanitarian food security and livelihoods for the Latin America countries. This position will cover a range of regional response programmes, set in a context of slow onset food crises. The position will work with and mentor regional teams to grow and deliver high quality food and livelihoods assistance programmes. This two position will join a growing multi-SC member funded HFSL advisory team who are currently supporting close to 70 ongoing responses globally.About

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nepal: Consultant - Knowledge Management/Communication/Monitoring and Evaluation on Child Marriage (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: NepalClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Purpose:The purpose of this assignment is to support the Child Protection and other relevant sections including Adolescent Development and Participation (ADAP) section at ROSA in knowledge management (KM), monitoring and evaluation (M&amp;E) and communication which are related to implementation of the child marriage programmes of all eight Country Offices in the region with focus on Bangladesh, India and Nepal. The incumbent is expected to contribute to the generation and use of evidence and knowledge in policies

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mauritania: Consultation internationale pour la réalisation d’une étude socio anthropologique sur le mariage précoce et la scolarisation des filles en Mauritanie (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: MauritaniaClosing date: 14 Dec 2014I. ContexteLa Convention sur l’élimination de toutes formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes (CEDEF) mentionne le droit à la protection contre le mariage d’enfants à l’article 16, qui stipule: &quot;Les fiançailles et le mariage d’un enfant n’ont aucun effet juridique et toutes les mesures nécessaires, y compris la législation, doivent être prises afin de fixer un âge minimum pour le mariage...” Bien que le mariage d’enfant ne soit pas évoqué clairement dans la Convention relative aux droits de l’enfant,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Emergency Response Personnel- Shelter Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: WorldClosing date: 16 Dec 2014Save the Children’s origins lie in emergency response, and this has remained central to our work ever since. Our approach integrates our emergency and development work, through the medium of our country programmes. With the increasing frequency and severity of emergencies world-wide the organisation is increasing its capacity to support programmes in both sudden onset and chronic emergency situations. Our Emergency Response Personnel (ERP) play a key part with Save the Children’s humanitarian strategy.About the roleThe

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Statistics Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Post title: Statistics OfficerPosition number: 91802Level: P-2Purpose of the Position: In line with the priority result areas of the 2014-17 Strategic Plan, the primary function of this post is to develop and maintain global databases, analyze data, contribute to key UNICEF publications, and more broadly support the monitoring of, and reporting on, the situation of children and women. For this post, gives particular emphasis to the areas of Child Protection, Adolescents, Child Disability, Gender

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Pakistan: Consultants - Impact Assessment of DAI-EDACE’s Grants (Pakistan) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Development Alternatives, Inc.Country: PakistanClosing date: 01 Dec 2014 Background Development Alternative Inc (DAI) is seeking to hire consultant(s) to conduct and Impact Assessment of its 10 grants being implemented under Enhanced Democratic Accountability and Civic Engagement (EDACE) programme. EDACE is a Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) funded programme managed by Development Alternatives Inc. EDACE is a grant making programme, aiming to make short-term, high-impact grants to improve rights awareness, citizen engagement, access to justice, and provision of security

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: ELRHA Communications Manager - Temporary Cover (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 11 Dec 2014Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance (ELRHA) is a collaborative network that is hosted by Save the Children UK. We are dedicated to supporting partnerships between research institutions, and humanitarian organisations and partners around the world. We work to achieve four strategic priorities:Supporting the growth of effective partnerships in the humanitarian sectorEnhancing and extending the humanitarian knowledge baseShaping and improving the

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Monitoring and Evaluation Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 10 Dec 2014TERMS OF REFERENCEPositionMonitoring and Evaluation OfficerPlace of Performance Garowe, Puntland and Hargeisa, SomalilandContract Duration 6 monthsStarting Date As soon as possibleOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Admin and Logistics Officer (National position) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: War Child UKCountry: JordanClosing date: 04 Dec 2014Position: Admin and Logistics Officer (National position)Responsible to: Finance Manager, JordanTerms: 6 months renewable contract1. Overview1.1. BackgroundWar Child works with children who, as a result of conflict, live with a combination of poverty, exclusion and insecurity. These children might include street children, children conscripted into armed groups, detained children and children with special needs. Our mission is to support and improve the care and protection of children and young people who live with a

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Israel: Database Programmer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Council of ChurchesCountry: IsraelClosing date: 05 Dec 2014WORLD COUNCIL OF CHURCHES (WCC)Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and IsraelCall for Programmer of a DatabaseContract: Service ProviderDuty Station: JerusalemStart Date: as soon as possibleEnd Date:14th February 2015Payment: $10,000 USD, including taxes and transportation costThe Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) brings internationals to the West Bank to experience life under occupation. Ecumenical Accompaniers (EAs) provide a protective presence to vulnerable

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Republic of Korea: General Director of MSF South Korean Office (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins Sans FrontièresCountry: Republic of KoreaClosing date: 15 Dec 2014****BACKGROUND****MSF Japan and MSF Switzerland have co-developed the MSF Korea office into a primary partner of OCG (Operational Center Geneva) along 3 strategic directions:Development of resource oriented activities with high potential, with a focus on fundraisingAnchorage into one of the main Asian rising “powers”Engagement with the civil society about medical and operational topics, awareness buildingThe strategic ambition is to deliberately develop, from 2015 onwards, the capacity of the

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Papua New Guinea: Operations Manager, P-3, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Papua New GuineaClosing date: 16 Dec 2014Purpose of the PositionAs the Head of Operations, the incumbent of this post is accountable for management of cost effective, efficient and secure operations, in support of management, administration and implementation of the country programmes, ensuring compliance with UNICEF policy and procedures. The incumbent will manage the country office&#39;s operations (Finance, Human Resources, ICT, Supply) related functions in accordance with strategy, plans and decisions made by Regional Management Team and Country

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Emergency Programme Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Muslim AidCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 14 Dec 2014Title: Emergency Programme OfficerEmployment Type: PermanentHours:35 hours per weekSalary:£20,000 - £26,000Location: Whitechapel, LondonJob Reference: EPO141214Application Deadline: 14 December 2014Muslim Aid is an international humanitarian relief &amp; development agency looking to employ a professional individual who will be highly committed to our mission, vision and values:The Emergency Department is responsible for managing Muslim Aid’s humanitarian response to disasters,

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Pakistan: Reading Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: Pakistan, PhilippinesClosing date: 25 Jan 2015Background/ IRC SummaryThe International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC delivers education

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Administration and Finance Officer (source: Relief Web)

Country: TurkeyClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Ref. No.: BS/HR.V/06.14Job Title: Administration and Finance OfficerBaytna Syria was launched in 2013 as a networking, training, and grant-making facility for Syrian civil society organizations, offering support to CSOs based inside Syria and the neighbouring countries.Baytna Syria’s new management is seeking to recruit an Administration and Finance Officer (AFO) responsible for operating the financial and accounting systems as well as for performing administrative, office, and clerical functions**.**Contract Type and Length:Long term consultancyCandidate

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Technical specialists (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: JordanClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Chemonics seeks a range of senior-level specialists to implement an upcoming USAID-funded water project in Jordan. This five-year project aims to assist the government of Jordan in upgrading the capacity of local utilities and sector reform, and facilitate policy development to ensure the sustainability of service delivery and improve utility governance. We are looking for individuals with demonstrated leadership, versatility, and integrity and who have a passion for making a difference in the lives of people? around the world.Illustrative

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

UN AUDITEUR INTERNE (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimClosing date: 10 Jan 2015Nous recherchons pour la Direction Générale :UN AUDITEUR INTERNE (H/F)Basé à Paris 17Missions :Sous la supervision du Directeur Général d’ACF-France, et en lien avec le comité d’Audit, vous avez pour objectif de donner à l’organisation une évaluation du degré de maîtrise de ses opérations, de lui apporter des conseils pour les améliorer et de contribuer à créer de la valeur ajoutée.Vous serez également responsable d’aider l’organisation à atteindre ses objectifs, en évaluant, par une approche systématique et méthodique, ses

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Switzerland: CCCM Capacity Building Evaluation (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Norwegian Refugee CouncilCountry: SwitzerlandClosing date: 14 Dec 2014Consultancy VacancyTitle: CCCM Capacity Building EvaluationCategory: Consultancy (with field visits to be determined)Organization: CCCM ClusterReporting to: Capacity Building Officers, CCCM Cluster – IOM, UNHCR and NRCPosition duration: Evaluation to be completed by 1 May 20151. Background:For more than 10 years, one of the main tasks of the global CCCM cluster has been to build competence of CCCM stakeholders working in field operations. With this purpose, the global cluster aims to raise standards

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Netherlands: Online Marketing Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: KNCV Tuberculosis FoundationCountry: NetherlandsClosing date: 15 Dec 2014KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation is looking for aOnline Marketing Officer (30 hours per week)Duty station: The Hague, The NetherlandsKNCV Tuberculosis FoundationKNCV Tuberculosis Foundation is an international non-profit organization dedicated to the fight against tuberculosis (TB), still the second most deadly infectious disease in the world.KNCV is an international center of expertise for TB control that promotes effective, efficient, innovative and sustainable tuberculosis control strategies in a

Wed, 26 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT