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Climate Watch

Women's Climate Action Agenda 2014-2015

<p>The Women&#39;s Climate Action Agenda argues for transformative change and analyses the root causes of the environmental destruction and social injustice and offers recommendations and alternative solutions to the climate crisis. These include that global climate change needs to be stopped and the rights of nature protected. The paper also argues for the democratisation of food, agriculture, and seeds and the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples. Other recommendations include: transform extractive, unjust, status-quo economics into new, socially just and environmentally sustainable economics and promote women&rsquo;s rights and women&rsquo;s leadership in all steps of climate change adaptation and mitigation. The Agenda was drafted with initial input from more than 100 international women leaders during the 2013 International Women&#39;s Earth and Climate Summit.</p>

19 Sep 2014 14:07:20 GMT

Modelling demand for catastrophic flood index-based insurance in Da Nang City, Vietnam

<p>This study is about insurance for catastrophic disasters Da Nang, a place very vulnerable to climate change-induced disasters, particularly typhoons and floods.</p><p>Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, the results show that households have taken adaptive measures to minimise the impacts of annual floods, such as moving their assets to safer places, evacuation and building houses with higher foundations, but not for catastrophic floods. The situation has been exacerbated by rapid urbanisation and water discharge from upstream hydropower plants. It is found that households living in Da Nang, Vietnam have a high demand for flood index-based insurance. Based on these results, developing and piloting flood index-based insurance for households living in the city are strongly recommended.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:21:36 GMT

Meta-analysis of crop responses to conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

<p>The aim of this study is to compare and combine the results from different conservation agriculture experiments using meta-analysis in the hope of identifying patterns among study results, sources of disagreement among those results, or interesting relationships that may come to light in the context of the different studies.</p><p>Conservation agriculture involves reduced or no-tillage, permanent soil cover and crop rotations to enhance soil fertility and crop yields. Conservation agriculture practices are increasingly promoted on smallholder farms in sub-Saharan Africa as a means to overcome continuing poor-profitability and soil degradation. In recent years a growing number of studies have been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa comparing conservation agriculture practices to conventional tillage-based practices.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:09:16 GMT

Operationalising an equity reference framework in the climate change regime Legal and technical perspectives

<p>This paper focuses on the Equity Reference Framework (ERF), a proposal for addressing the imperatives of effectiveness and equity in the 2015 climate agreement.</p><p>It identifies legal, architectural and technical options for the operationalisation of the ERF in climate change regime and argues that it can play a critical role in shaping the 2015 agreement. It argues that the ERF is highly adaptable on substantive assessment inputs, legal form and architectural options and that it may thus prove to be an invaluable framework in a highly contested environment with divergent views.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:00:38 GMT

The Sustainable Development Goals: Will they deliver climate compatible development for vulnerable countries?

<p>This working paper explores the potential opportunities for 2015 as a crucial year for global action on climate change and development.</p><p>It argues that the post-2015 sustainable development goals (SDGs) should be seen as an opportunity for developing countries rather than a burden, given how important climate resilience is to protecting and furthering development progress in vulnerable countries. It argues that a stand-alone goal should be retained in the SDGs, but this must be alongside the mainstreaming of climate change into the other goals, such that climate and development do not become siloed. The paper also argues that the SDGs should be drafted in a way that allows for interpretation in a nationally relevant way and that is useful for informing national development plans &ndash; for example, Green Growth strategies &ndash; as well as reducing countries&rsquo; vulnerability to climate change.</p>

19 Sep 2014 10:18:47 GMT

Topic guide: ecosystem services

<p>The purpose of this Topic Guide is to assemble a set of learning resources that will contribute to the development of the professional competence of DFID Advisers around the issue of ecosystem services and integrating this issue into project and programme design processes. The specific objectives are to:</p><ul><li>ensure that DFID Advisers fully understand the relationship between ecosystem services and the key sectors and policy areas in which DFID works; this will specifically involve understanding the value of these services, and their potential role in achieving sustainable poverty reduction</li><li>identify where and how ecosystem services could be affected (positively and negatively) by, or could affect (positively and negatively), activities in DFID core sectors</li><li>explore where and how an examination of ecosystem services can contribute to the development of stronger business cases and improved development outcomes</li><li>enable DFID Advisers (1) to provide operational advice on ecosystem services across a wide range of sectors and (2) to clearly articulate the benefits of examining ecosystem services &ndash; in a manner easily understood by those in other technical disciplines (this will involve, for example, clearly articulating the economic and social benefits)</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

18 Sep 2014 13:00:31 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Ethiopia pilot fieldwork report

<p>To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. The research project that produced this pilot study report has been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.</p><p>A pilot case study was deliberately included in the research design to give an opportunity to &lsquo;road test&rsquo; the methodological approach of the project. Ethiopia was chosen as the location for the pilot as it was felt that the country incorporated elements of the three types of environment required in the ToRs:</p><ul><li>fragile and conflict affected states</li><li>low income countries with repeated and regular natural disaster</li><li>states with established DRM infrastructure</li></ul>

18 Sep 2014 11:18:22 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for disaster risk management: literature review version 1

<p>This literature review has been conducted by Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia as part of a multi-donor research project led by IFRC focusing on Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. The preliminary objective of the review is to identify the boundaries of what is known about capacity building for DRM, in order to use this knowledge as a foundation for designing the broader research project.</p><p>Although the review has been undertaken during the Inception Period for the research, the OPM team will continue to collect other relevant knowledge products during the course of the project and will release a Version 2 of this document prior to completion of the research in October 2015.</p>

18 Sep 2014 10:57:54 GMT

Island innovations – UNDP and GEF: Leveraging the Environment for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

<p>This publication showcases some of the most successful approaches and achievements emerging from Small Island Developing States (SIDS), as the world discusses a set of new sustainable development goals for the post-2015 period. This projects focus on a range of actions, including conservation and sustainable use of critical marine and coastal resources, climate change mitigation, adaptation efforts and more. For example, in Vanuatu, UNDP-GEF has helped the country to embrace sustainable land management techniques that protect the environment and strengthen customary and traditional knowledge and approaches. In the Caribbean, integrating Watershed and coastal management helped 13 Caribbean SIDS protect scarce water resources. A combination of community and household water tanks in Pa Enua, Cook Islands, helped increase water supply to counter climate-induced disturbances.</p>

17 Sep 2014 14:03:06 GMT

Safeguards in bilateral REDD+ finance

<p>This report is the second in a series related to the implementation of safeguards in bilateral agreements. Given that much of the finance for REDD-related initiatives pledged so far has come from bilateral donors, this document is a compilation of papers focused on these donors and their implementation of REDD+ safeguards. This report addresses three key issues:&nbsp;1. REDD+ safeguards and results-based payments; 2. Monitoring and Evaluation of REDD+ Safeguard implementation; and 3. REDD+ safeguards and donor coordination.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:55:50 GMT

Climate change, conflict, and cooperation: global analysis of the resilience of international river treaties to increased water variability

<p>This paper focuses on water variability which is predicted to increase due to climate change. It highlights that such environmental changes may aggravate political tensions, especially in regions that are not equipped with an appropriate institutional apparatus.</p><p>This paper argues that the best attempts to assess the ability of states to deal with water variability in the future rest with considering how agreements have fared in the past. The paper investigates to what extent particular mechanisms and institutional designs help mitigate inter-country tensions over shared water. The study&rsquo;s findings suggest that country dyads governed by treaties with water allocation mechanisms exhibiting both flexibility and specificity evince more co-operative behaviour. Country dyads governed by treaties with a larger sum of institutional mechanisms likewise evince a higher level of cooperation, although certain institutional mechanisms are more important than others.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:50:08 GMT

Environmental migration and labor markets in Nepal

<p>This discussion paper focuses on how migration impacts the labour markets of receiving communities in developing countries.&nbsp;</p><p>It investigates the impact of weather-driven internal migration on labour markets in a post-conflict country, Nepal, using household survey data in 2003 and 2010. In this period, 3 per cent of individuals moved out of their district of origin during the four years preceding each survey round. The researchers found that prevailing environmental and conflict factors entice workers with positively selected attributes (such as education and skill) to migrate. Marked skill differences between migrants and the native population render wage effects in the formal sector: an increase of 1 percentage point in migration reduces wages in the formal sector by 4.8 percentage points. The absence of wage effects in the informal sector is consistent with the exit of low-skilled native workers from the labour market.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:40:43 GMT

Barriers in developing national mitigation strategies and actions in developing countries: lessons learned from the UNDP’s Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

<p>The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme currently supports 25 countries. Its aim is to help these developing nations build the public- and private-sector capacities needed to scale up country-driven climate-change mitigation actions, mainly by providing focus in five areas: GHG Inventory Systems; Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS); Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs); Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems; and strategies for including the private sector.</p><p>The objective of this study is to identify barriers to the design and implementation of LEDS and NAMAs in countries participating in the LECB Programme. It also aims to provide some guidance on overcoming these barriers, based on experience gained to date. Likely target audiences include climate-change mitigation practitioners, possible financing organisations and international institutions working on capacity building and the design and implementation of mitigation programmes in developing countries. The study may also be of interest to climate-change negotiators.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:32:31 GMT

The Vulnerability Sourcebook: concept and guidelines for standardised vulnerability assessments

<p>The Vulnerability Sourcebook sourcebook provides a standardised approach to vulnerability assessments covering a broad range of sectors and topics (e.g. water sector, agriculture, fisheries, different ecosystems) as well as different spatial levels (community, sub-national, national) and time horizons (e.g. current vulnerability or vulnerability in the medium- to long-term). It refers to vulnerability as &lsquo;the degree to which a system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes. Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity.&rsquo; Based on this definition, the Vulnerability Sourcebook distinguishes between and assesses four key components that determine whether, and to what extent, a system is susceptible to climate change: exposure, sensitivity, potential impact and adaptive capacity.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:19:24 GMT

Coastal biophysical and institutional analysis

<p>This desk-based assessment documents the current state of knowledge and key information gaps on the impacts of climate change on social and biophysical systems of West Africa. It then assesses regional institutions for their adaptive capacity to help countries adapt to climate impacts. Finally, the report outlines areas for potential engagement for additional research and scoping on West African coastal climate impacts. The report argues that climate change is placing new, unanticipated pressures on West African coasts, areas that are already experiencing stressed ecological systems and rapidly changing socioeconomic dynamics. At present, the pressures of urban development, rush for resources, ad challenges of carrying out and enforcing land use planning dominate development along the coast. It argues that the lens of climate change offers the opportunity to integrate medium- and long-term risk into coastal planning and development.</p>

17 Sep 2014 11:13:23 GMT

Different perspectives on differentiated responsibilities: a state-of-the-art review of the notion of common but differentiated responsibilities in international negotiations

<p>This discussion paper presents a review of the notion of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR) in international negotiations. It thus aims to identify mechanisms that could contribute to reinvigorating CBDR as a meaningful guiding principle for a 2015 climate agreement under the UNFCCC. To this end, it first considers the normative framing of CBDR and reviews the way CBDR has been conceptualised and interpreted in the academic literature. Second, it scrutinises the way CBDR manifests itself under the UNFCCC and how it explains the Annex I / Non-Annex I dichotomy before it summarises the respective political standpoints of some of the UNFCCC&rsquo;s most important and influential parties (or groups of states). Third, it provides an analysis of the way CBDR or CBDR-like approaches have been put into practice in a variety of international regimes and policy arenas, including the World Trade Organization, the Montreal Protocol and the burgeoning debate on universal Sustainable Development Goals.</p>

17 Sep 2014 10:55:00 GMT

A new market-based climate change solution achieving 2∘C and equity

<p>This opinion article argues that current climate change strategies seem increasingly incapable of averting planetary catastrophe.</p><p>It argues that while the United Nations (UN) strategy places responsibility for CO2 reduction on governments, governments by nature seek lower burdens and pledges fail to produce the necessary results for achievement of any identified climate target. It states that climate financing holds little hope due to the likelihood of &ldquo;dire fiscal circumstances&rdquo; persisting for decades to come. The author argues that the most cost-effective plan is to put a global price on carbon, which can be accomplished by creating a global upstream carbon market. In such a market system, a limited amount of allowances would be sold to polluters. It is argued that it would achieve the target most cost-effectively, raise new revenue from the sales of allowances which would help vulnerable countries in their energy transition and low-carbon sustainable growth.</p>

17 Sep 2014 10:48:28 GMT

Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture for food security and nutrition: A report by The High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition

<p>This report has a focus on fish for food security in the face of challenges in sustainability governance and economic constraints.</p><p>This report argues that the contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to food security and nutrition now and in the future is driven by many interactions between several environmental, development, policy and governance issues. It argues that the need to feed a growing global population, and to address a growing demand for fish, puts pressure on natural resources and challenges the sustainability of marine and inland fisheries and of aquaculture development. It also raises several issues relating to the management of fish value chains to realise the right to food of fishing communities and to make fish available for all. It also questions the roles and contributions of the various actors (fishing communities, smallholders and international fishing companies, etc.) in a very diverse and heterogeneous sector, prone to significant inequalities.</p>

17 Sep 2014 10:40:31 GMT

Climate change in Central and South America: recent trends, future projections, and impacts on regional agriculture

<p>Central and South America. The report assesses the implications of climate change for agriculture, with a particular focus on those aspects of climate change that will have greatest impact on the crops currently grown in each region. The study investigated the ability of General Circulation Models (GCMs) and downscaled climate change scenarios to reproduce already observed climates, to establish the reliability of future climate projections, as well as projections of how associated crops might grow under future conditions.</p>

17 Sep 2014 10:28:14 GMT

Strengthening resilience against disasters and climate change: Sustainable energy in Quy Nhon City

<p>This paper investigates the relationship between disasters and energy supply in the coastal city of Quy Nhon, Vietnam. The research focus is two coastal communes: Nhon Ly and Nhon Hai. The principal livelihoods in these communes are fishing and seafood processing, livelihoods which are likely to be particularly affected by climatic changes. The research finds that while all participants were connected to the electricity grid, they also experienced disruptions to their supply which were exacerbated during times of water stress and natural disasters, including typhoons. The impacts of perturbations in the energy supply include higher costs for alternative energy sources, the need to hire additional labour and worsened working conditions. This research also finds that, in spite of awareness of climate change and its impacts, adaptation measures are not being considered either by households or the commune. Instead, commune authorities and residents rely on coping mechanisms after the disasters have struck.</p>

17 Sep 2014 10:13:29 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Participatory subnational planning for REDD+ and other land use programmes: Methodology and step-by-step guidance

<p>This document presents a proposed methodology, and step-by-step guidance, for Participatory Subnational Planning (PSP), tailored to operationalise subnational REDD+ programmes. PSP is a participatory planning method presented as a comprehensive, yet cost-effective approach to identifying: drivers of deforestation and forest degradation; interventions to address these drivers; environmental and social benefits/risks of these interventions; and indicators and monitoring plans.</p><p>The PSP methods are outputs of the project &lsquo;Delivering Multiple Benefits from REDD+ in Southeast Asia&rsquo; (MB-REDD), implemented by SNV Netherlands Development Organisation. The report states that the methodology is generic and could be applied to any multi stakeholder land use planning process attempting to achieve a triple bottom line of economic, environmental and social returns.</p>

16 Sep 2014 15:06:23 GMT

Global water demand projections: past, present and future

<p>This research paper focuses on water demand projections (WDPs) which are widely used for future water resource planning. It argues that accurate WDPs can reduce waste or scarcity associated with overdevelopment or underdevelopment, respectively, of water resources. The paper examines how closely such past projected withdrawals match current water withdrawals to identify lessons that can be learned and strengthen future studies on WDPs. Six WDPs conducted before 1990 and seven conducted after 1990 are analyzed in detail. The review shows that the pre-1990 WDPs, which considered population as the main driver of change, overpredicted current water use by 20 to 130%. Unrealistic assumptions on the norms of water use in different sectors were the main reasons for large discrepancies. The post-1990 WDPs had sophisticated modeling frameworks. They integrated many exogenous and endogenous drivers of food and water supply and demand, with refined estimation procedures for domestic and industrial sectors.</p>

16 Sep 2014 14:54:50 GMT

State of the rainforest 2014

<p>Destruction of the rainforest and other tropical forests continue on a dramatic scale in spite of unprecedented global attention to the issue of deforestation and the role of forests in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. The global figures for deforestation are contested: Two main sources of data, the FAO&rsquo;s Global Forest Resources Assessment (2010) and a remote sensing study by University of Maryland (2013), use different technologies and definitions of forest and display huge variation between figures. We simply don&rsquo;t know how much rainforest is left on Earth, and how fast it disappears. Both sources agree, however, that tropical forests are being destroyed at an alarming rate. According to the FAO, 130 000 km2 of the world&rsquo;s forests are lost every year, the majority in the tropics. Simultaneously, the University of Maryland calculates the annual loss of tropical forest to be 92 000 km2. According to the latter, 1.1 million km2 (three times the size of Norway) have been lost from 2000 to 2012. Dense tropical rainforests once covered around 18 million km2 of Earth, but is now reduced to half of this size. Most of this forest was lost during the last 50&ndash;60 years, and rapid deforestation continues. Except for Brazil, which has reduced deforestation at a globally significant scale, other countries have not managed to show similar positive results on the ground &ndash; in the forest &ndash; in spite of political commitments.</p>

15 Sep 2014 17:08:36 GMT

Facing Uncertainty: the value of climate information for adaptation, risk reduction and resilience in Africa

<p>This report puts participatory scenario planning (PSP - a multi-stakeholder platform for making seasonal climate forecasts useful) into the broader context of climate communication, with a focus on Africa.</p><p>It is aimed at new users and intermediaries interested in integrating climate information into adaptation, resilience, disaster risk reduction (DRR), early warning, agriculture and other sector-based development programmes and related work. It explains why and how climate information is a valuable resource for informing responses to climate variability and change. Based on lessons from the Adaptation Learning Programme (ALP) and national meteorological services in Ghana, Kenya and Niger, the report demonstrates how climate information can inform decision-making, planning and policy development and ensure results are climate resilient.</p>

11 Sep 2014 11:28:56 GMT

PACC Experiences: Gender and climate change adaptation

<p>This paper focuses on the mainstreaming of gender into climate change adaptation at all levels in the Pacific islands region &ndash; from national policy to on-the-ground initiatives.</p><p>It argues that there is universal benefit when all women and all men are able to fully participate in development decisions and actions. However, the paper highlights that mainstreaming gender will take time and effort and requires responsive institutional arrangements, political will and commitment, gender awareness and skills, and dedicated resources. The paper argues that agriculture is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and adaptation measures are vital to guarantee food security into the future.</p>

11 Sep 2014 11:19:27 GMT

Environmental impact assessment in sustainable water resources development: major issues of consideration

<p>This paper argues that to bring more environmental integrity to water resources development, major challenges such as population pressure, climate change, planning and policies should be properly addressed.</p><p>The&nbsp;paper aims to review the current level of understanding of environmental impact assessment of water resources development; to assess the major challenges to sustainable environmental systems from water resources development perspectives, and to identify major environmental issues that need to be considered in sustainable water resources planning and development. It argues that during project study and design, major environmental impacts of water resources development should be identified and made available for decision makers and the public. In the arena of Integrated Water Resources Management, the paper concludes that the environment should be considered as one of the legitimate users of water, and allotted reasonable amount of water for its sustainability.</p>

11 Sep 2014 11:07:23 GMT

Integrating gender equality in climate smart development

<p>This interactive tool offers support in integrating gender equality in climate smart development. Via tabs you can easily navigate between policy cycle, recommendations, quick links etc. This allows you to find relevant information without having to read the whole document.</p><p>The tool focuses on climate smart development in five different sectors: water, food security, energy, natural resources, and disaster risk reduction. Per sector you can directly access:</p><ul><li>Climate change effects on that sector;</li><li>Gender implications of these effects;</li><li>Recommendations and best practices for gender equality integration;</li><li>Useful resources &amp; tools.</li></ul><p>Furthermore, the tool includes a section on the policy cycle, identifying entry points for gender equality integration in different stages. Although it focuses on the policy cycle of the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, it is equally useful for policy and programme cycles of other governmental and non-governmental institutions in various contexts.</p>

11 Sep 2014 10:23:31 GMT

Agricultural interventions and investment options for climate change in drought and saline - flood prone regions of Bangladesh

<p>Rice is the staple food in Bangladesh and crucial for the food security in the country. The alluvial soil deposits, through an extensive river network across Bangladesh, have contributed to a fertile land with high rice productivity potential. However, the frequent occurrence of floods, salinity and drought has repeatedly threatened the food security especially in the rural areas. Climate change is anticipated to aggravate the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events in Bangladesh by significantly impacting rice production. Noteworthy studies have proposed potential responsive measures by concentrating either on the technical or economic efficiency of the suggested interventions. To this end, the current report presents an outranking multicriteria approach enriched with a Geometrical Analysis for Interactive Assistance for a better reflection of the appropriate interventions to improve rice production on a farm basis.</p><p>Further, the investment options needed to implement these interventions are explored. The drought prone areas of Rajshahi and saline prone areas of Barisal regions were chosen for the study. The results indicated that water storage systems were prioritised in Rajshahi whereas the introduction of improved varieties in Barisal was of the highest importance. Also, the training seminars for farmers were deemed as a rather significant intervention for both regions.</p>

11 Sep 2014 10:02:11 GMT

Formative Mid - Term Review of the Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) Program in the Amazon: Final report

<p>This is a mid-term review of RFN&#39;s Amazon Program, financed by the Norwegian MFA with annual budgets of 30 mill NOK in 2012 - 2013 reduced to 25 mill NOK in 2014. The Program is closely linked to other public Norwegian funding of RFN for the same purpose (Norad, Climate and Forest Initiative, plus Norwegian Brasilia Embassy support to many RFN local partners) with annual budgets between 70 and 75 mill NOK. The dual development goal of both the MFA and the Norad programs in support of RFN is that the Amazon rainforest is effectively protected and that the rights of its inhabitants are fully ensured. The main objective of the present review is to assess progress towards the MFA program ́s outcomes.</p>

04 Sep 2014 16:33:15 GMT

Chololo Ecovillage: a model of good practice in climate change adaptation and mitigation

<p>Chololo Ecovillage is a part of The Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA), an initiative of the European Union. This report argues that it provides an exemplary and empowering examples for communities to test, evaluate and apply a wide range of adaptation innovations in key sectors such as agriculture, livestock, water, energy and forestry. The project aims to provide practical solutions to the climate challenges as it works across several sectors. Through a holistic approach, the report argues that the project is breaking new ground, achieving synergies and strengthening the knowledge base of good practice in climate change adaptation, while reducing carbon footprints.</p>

02 Sep 2014 19:19:54 GMT

Climate change impacts and adaptation in South Africa

<p>This paper reviews current approaches and recent advances in research on climate impacts and adaptation in South Africa.</p><p>It finds that established research on the biophysical impacts of climate change on key sectors (water, agriculture, and biodiversity) integrates the climate change scenarios but further research is needed in a number of areas, such as the climate impacts on cities and the built environment. National government has developed a National Climate Change Response White Paper, but this has yet to translate into policy that mainstreams adaptation in everyday practice and longer-term planning in all spheres and levels of government. A national process to scope long-term adaptation scenarios is underway, focusing on cross-sectoral linkages in adaptation responses at a national level. Adaptation responses are emerging in certain sectors. Some notable city-scale and project-based adaptation responses have been implemented, but institutional challenges persist. In addition, a number of knowledge gaps remain in relation to the biophysical and socio-economic impacts of climate change.</p>

02 Sep 2014 19:08:36 GMT

Tracking climate change funding: learning from gender-responsive budgeting

<p>This paper looks at what budgeting for climate change initiatives can learn from gender-responsive budgeting (GRB).</p><p>It aims to guide lesson-learning from the experience of gender-responsive budgeting (GRB) initiatives &mdash; and to a lesser extent child-friendly budgeting initiatives &mdash; that might inform initiatives in respect of budgeting for climate change. It draws on the author&rsquo;s experience of working on GRB and child-friendly budgeting in more than 30 countries and advising even more countries long distance on these topics. A separate <a href="http://internationalbudget.org/wp-content/uploads/Tracking-Climate-Change-Funding-Learning-from-Gender-Responsive-Budgeting-Technical-Companion.pdf">companion paper</a> describes in more technical detail the approach taken by various countries to gender budget statements.</p>

02 Sep 2014 19:03:59 GMT

Protecting our capital: How climate adaptation in cities creates a resilient place for business

<p>This report is based on the disclosure of cities&rsquo;&nbsp;climate mitigation, adaptation and water management data.</p><p>It argues that cities are leading the way on climate change. In 2014, 108 cities reported their carbon emissions inventories. The cities of Denver (USA), London (UK), Madrid (Spain), Durban (South Africa) and Taipei (Taiwan) reduced their emissions by a total of 13.1 million tons CO2 equivalent since 2009, a 12 per cent reduction. Cities are also increasing their resilience to the impacts of climate change. This year, cities reported 757 adaptation activities and 102 cities have climate adaptation plans.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:56:29 GMT

Capturing synergies between water conservation and carbon dioxide emissions in the power sector

<p>This report concentrates on recommended strategies to capture synergies between cutting water use, reducing risks to the power sector, and also reducing emissions.</p><p>The authors of this report wanted to gain a more thorough understanding of potential conflicts and synergies between power generation and water use. They developed a mixed-integer linear programming model of the power sector that captures the key relationships with water. The model was then used to develop a series of scenarios for four case studies &ndash; the North Grid of China, India, France, and the state of Texas in the United States. The researchers found that cost-effective options exist that can cut water use, reduce risks to the power sector, and also reduce emissions of conventional pollutants and greenhouse gases from electricity generation.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:50:20 GMT

Strategies for building resilience to hazards in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) systems: The role of public private partnerships

<p>Paper examining strategies to improve water, sanitation and hygiene provision and resilience, in developing urban contexts.</p><p>One of the largest risks to people living in urban areas in the developing world is a lack of improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) provision. Access to water and sanitation is an important factor in determining social vulnerability to natural hazards, not only for meeting immediate needs, but also for the wider application of relevant disaster prevention. The aim of this paper, published in the International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, is to enhance understanding of how the resilience of WASH systems to hazards can be improved, and therefore help inform different strategies for public and private partnerships. So as to acknowledge the multi-levelled nature of resilience, risk at various relevant levels are taken into account: regional/river basin, urban area, and individual. </p><p>For each of these levels, the authors first describe the different components of risk, vulnerability and resilience of the WASH system that influence people׳s exposure to hazards, before illustrating these components using examples from case studies in the literature. Using a social learning lens - a crucial ingredient of resilience - opportunities for reducing risks through improving public&ndash;private engagement are then examined These are presented as strategies which could guide investment decisions; as pressures from climate change and development add up, businesses must become aware of the risks involved in operating and investing without considering ecosystem health, both in terms of the services they provide for mitigating floods and droughts, as well as in terms of the development approaches that define how ecosystems are managed. </p><p>The paper concludes that there is a need to develop an institutional culture that strives towards greener and more resilient urban environments with the help of various quality assurance methods. Partnerships must reach the poorer customer base, encourage informal small entrepreneurs, and boost financial mechanisms, e.g. micro-insurance, to support the most vulnerable in society. Other business strategies recommended to reduce vulnerability to water-related hazards in urban areas include integrating social and technical programmes that incorporate flood preparedness, and building micro-financial opportunities which can enable vulnerable people to transition into new livelihoods.</p><p>[adapted from source]</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:34:43 GMT

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment: Honiara, Solomon Islands

<p>The vulnerability and adaptation assessment for Honiara is to provide national and local government decision makers and community leaders with information relevant to defining their adaptation priorities and plans, with the view of eventually integrating this into their regular programmes and budgets. The vulnerability and adaptation assessment will also provide guidance in identifying where and what critical actions are needed to effectively manage the unavoidable impacts of climate change.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:24:49 GMT

A country-led safeguards approach: guidelines for national REDD+ programmes

<p>These guidelines aim to support countries in determining how to respond the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other REDD+ safeguard commitments, by providing a framework to support the design of a country-led safeguards approach (CSA). It is argued that a CSA allows a country to respond to international and national safeguard commitments, by building upon the country&rsquo;s existing governance system (its legal, institutional and compliance frameworks) that, combined, can be used to operationalize safeguards and provide information as to how they are being addressed and respected.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:20:08 GMT

Land use land cover change in the fringe of eThekwini Municipality: Implications for urban green spaces using remote sensing

<p>This study sought to determine a 22-year past and future land use and land cover trend and its implication on green spaces in an eThekwini Municipal Area&rsquo;s peripheral settlement. Results show a consistent pattern of decline in land use and land cover types associated with green spaces and an increase in impervious surfaces. The study is taken to confirm recent urban bio-physical transformation and anticipated increased pressure on peripheral urban green spaces in eThekwini Municipality. These changes can be attributed to natural urban growth and government led efforts like the Reconstruction and Development Programme. Findings in the study highlight the challenges faced by eThekwini Municipality, and indeed other South Africa&rsquo;s urban areas in maintaining urban green spaces and mitigating related implications like those associated with climate change. This study is taken to further demonstrate the value of multi-temporal remotely sensed datasets in planning, optimization and sustainable management of urban landscapes.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:15:33 GMT

Forest carbon stocks in woody plants of Mount Zequalla Monastery and it’s variation along altitudinal gradient: implication of managing forests for climate change mitigation

<p>This journal article argues that carbon sequestration through forestry has the potential to play a significant role in ameliorating global environmental problems such as atmospheric accumulation of greenhouse gases&nbsp;and climate change. It documents a study undertaken to estimate forest carbon stock along altitudinal gradient in Mount Zequalla Monastery forest in Ethiopia. The results are taken to show a significant variation with exception for soil organic carbon stock. The amount of carbon stock in above and below ground biomass showed increasing pattern with increasing altitude whereas litter and soil organic carbon stocks showed decreasing pattern with increasing altitude. Overall this study points out Mount Zequalla Monastery forest has the potential to sequester plenty of CO2 with a considerable variation along altitude. Thus, the authors argue ,that it has paramount importance to give conservation priority to the forests to achieve climate change mitigation aspiration especially through forest carbon sequestration mechanism.</p>

02 Sep 2014 18:09:33 GMT

Women’s empowerment at the frontline of adaptation emerging issues, adaptive practices, and priorities in Nepal

<p>This study argues that there is a major knowledge gap in relation to the impact of multiple drivers of change on women in Nepal and women&rsquo;s role in adaptation to climate change and managing natural resources.</p><p>The scoping study aims to address this gap and identifies differences in impact and adaptive capacity between and among women and men. It also identifies appropriate and sustainable adaptation strategies which it is argued would ensure equitable access to resources, rights, and opportunities for marginalized, minority, and indigenous people. The findings of the study are taken to show that across Nepal, there has been an increase in rural women&rsquo;s workload rendering multiple effects on women&rsquo;s health, income, safety, nutrition, violence against women and ultimately on women&rsquo;s social, economic and political empowerment. It also argues that variability in water availability has negatively affected women&rsquo;s livelihoods.</p>

02 Sep 2014 17:59:19 GMT

Fish for the future: Fisheries development and food security for Kiribati in an era of global climate change

<p>This report provides background information for fisheries projects in Kiribati that aim to build food security, improve artisanal livelihoods and strengthen community engagement in fisheries governance.</p><p>The report provides information on the current status of Kiribati fishery resources (oceanic and coastal), their current governance and future challenges. It argues that fish and fisher alike pay little heed to maritime boundaries and bureaucratic distinctions. This report covers both sides of the oceanic/coastal boundary because of the I-Kiribati communities&rsquo; interest in oceanic fisheries such as tuna and their heavy dependence on its fisheries resources for food security and economic development. The report focuses on two potential pilot sites for community-based fisheries management projects: North Tarawa and Butaritari.</p>

02 Sep 2014 17:43:29 GMT

Gender-inclusive disaster risk management

<p>This paper focuses on the role of women in disaster risk management.</p><p>The &lsquo;Gender Tip Sheet&rsquo; is meant as a reference guide for staff and consultants of the Asian Developing Bank and its &lsquo;developing members&rsquo; for conceptualizing, designing, and implementing gender inclusive projects. It argues that women &ndash; with their extensive knowledge of communities, social roles of managing natural environmental resources, and caring responsibilities&mdash;increasingly play a critical role in disaster risk management. Its key message is that empowering women is the key to strengthening disaster resilience of communities.</p>

02 Sep 2014 17:36:27 GMT

Building resilient freshwater systems

<p>This paper argues that freshwater systems on small Pacific islands are fragile, and highly vulnerable to climate change. The islands need resilient freshwater systems to ensure water security for their people into the future. It outlines adaptation measures demonstrated by climate-resilient water systems projects in the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme. These include upgrading water infrastructure to improve water capture and storage, increasing the options for sourcing water, and improving water quality. The paper argues that climate analysis is a key step in the early planning stages of climate-sensitive projects, alongside other essential assessments such as socio-economic assessment and cost&ndash;benefit analysis. It also states that good governance is also vital for building resilient freshwater systems and gives examples from the six PACC projects.</p>

02 Sep 2014 17:25:20 GMT

Standards for results-based REDD+ finance: overview and design parameters

<p>The objective of this paper is to give an initial overview of existing and emerging REDD+ frameworks for results-based finance. It summaries key standards for channel results-based payments to REDD+, beginning by clarifying the terminology used in the context of voluntary and other REDD+ standards. The next section provides an overview of the most important results-based REDD+ financing standards. An annex summarizes each initiative or organisation&rsquo;s objective and background, and to the extent available, guidance or standards for main design elements. The paper introduces design elements such as scope and scale, reference levels, safeguards, leakage, permanence, additionality, registries, as well as measurement, reporting and verification. It argues that these design elements are vital for REDD+ to create effective and rigorous programs to reduce emissions and enhance carbon removals.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:51:42 GMT

The effectiveness of climate finance: a review of the Amazon Fund

<p>This working paper looks at the effectiveness of the Amazon Fund, the largest dedicated fund supporting efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation in the Amazon.</p><p>It is managed by the Brazilian Development Bank with US$ 1 billion in funding from the government of Norway, and technical assistance support from Germany. The paper argues that the Fund has demonstrated that developing country institutions can meet high standards of fiduciary governance and operational transparency. Yet while the $1 billion committed to the fund is a significant sum relative to other climate funds, it is a small sum of money relative to the size of the Brazilian economy and the incentives that are driving deforestation. While the fund is intended to work on a payment for performance basis, in practice the paper argues that the payments have been less clearly linked to demonstrated emission reductions.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:45:38 GMT

Fast Start Finance for forests: The challenge of maintaining momentum

<p>Since 2007, developed countries have provided substantial international public finance for programs that will reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD+). This paper seeks to understand the role of REDD+ during the Fast Start Finance (FSF) period, by reviewing the five largest FSF contributions. The paper finds that: The majority of REDD+ FSF was programmed bilaterally, primarily as grants; The delivery of REDD+ finance reflects multiple contributor country objectives, including poverty reduction, and biodiversity protection; Major contributions have targeted heavily forested countries. Overall, however, emissions from deforestation and the allocation of finance are not closely linked.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:39:28 GMT

Climate mitigation finance across developing countries: what are the major determinants?

<p>This empirical study assesses the relationship between the characteristics of developing countries and the amount of official climate mitigation finance inflow. The results show that developing countries with higher CO2 intensity, larger carbon sinks, lower per capita gross domestic product (GDP) and good governance tend to be selected as recipients of climate mitigation finance, and receive more of it. CO2 emission is not used as a determinant of mitigation finance until the actual financial disbursement. Poverty aid tends to be allocated to countries with low CO2 emissions, possibly to avoid diverting aid from poorer developing countries. However, such a diversion is unavoidable if the share of mitigation finance in climate finance and in overall official development assistance (ODA) continues to escalate. This study calls for an equitable allocation of total ODA mitigation and adaptation finance in addition to the 0.7% ODA/gross national income target, and for transparent criteria and the verification of reporting on the allocation of mitigation finance.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:14:57 GMT

The effectiveness of climate finance: a review of the Adaptation Fund

<p>This working paper looks at the effectiveness of the Adaptation Fund which has piloted new approaches to delivering climate finance.</p><p>The Fund is partly capitalised through a 2 per cent levy on the Clean Development Mechanism. The paper argues that it has played a significant role in scaling up available finance for adaptation in developing countries, albeit from a very low baseline, and operates with high levels of transparency. The paper started that early progress on a results framework helped focus the Fund&rsquo;s operations and foster learning. It also argues that The Fund&rsquo;s sourcing of finance has generated lower revenues than hoped, however, and substantial questions remain about the predictability of funding. The paper highlights that although accreditation processes have become more established over time, in practice ensuring strong coordination and ownership of programs across stakeholders in country is an on-going challenge.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:11:00 GMT

Finding the money: a stock taking of climate change adaptation finance and governance in Nepal

<p>This report reviews climate change adaptation finance committed to Nepal from public sources of international finance during the period 2009 to 2012.</p><p>Projects and programmes are categorized in six types &ndash; pure adaptation projects, mitigation projects, projects contributing to both adaptation and mitigation, development assistance projects with some activities contributing to climate change adaptation, projects not relevant to climate change and projects with no detailed information available. Total adaptation funding is further analysed with respect to sources of funding, recipient types and sector wise allocation. The study has also looked at the fund flow mechanisms of three major climate adaptation projects in Nepal viz. Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR), Nepal Climate Change Support Programme (NCCSP) and National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) projects.</p>

02 Sep 2014 16:02:40 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Integrating protected areas into climate planning

Though protected areas have increased considerably over the last 130 years, there are several troubling trends, including national and regional disparities, ecological gaps, a decline in the growth of new protected areas, and problems with ineffective management. However, society increasingly expects protected areas to provide an expanded array of benefits, including climate mitigation, resilience and adaptation. This paper discusses the integration of protected areas into climate planning.<br /><br />The article argues that despite the overall growth in protected area coverage, the reality is that:<br /><ul> <li>there are great disparities in the world&rsquo;s protected area estate</li> <li>the rapid growth of protected areas is not uniform across countries reflecing several underlying factors</li> <li>whereas growth of marine protected areas has been impressive, much of this gain can be attributed to a relatively small number of very large marine reserves</li> <li>there has been a marked decline in the rate of growth for terrestrial protected areas in the last decade</li> <li>legal designation of an area as protected does not always ensure effective management.<br /></li></ul>The paper poses the following questions for policy makers in relation to the maximisation of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation.<br /><ul> <li>Where should new protected areas be located?</li> <li>How should protected areas be managed?</li> <li>What factors and policies are necessary? <br /></li></ul>The article suggests the following policy direction:<br /><ul> <li>a robust and compatible policy environment is essential for an effective protected area system</li> <li>planners should assess the economic value of protected areas in relation to climate change</li> <li>protected area policy makers should explicitly link protected areas into national climate change planning</li> <li>planners should take advantage of climate funding to improve the enabling environment by advocating for restoring degraded key protected areas</li> <li>planners should incorporate climate change into ecological gap assessments and consider climate-related design features in the layout of new protected areas</li> <li>planners can better integrate protected area planning into sectoral planning such as transportation, energy and invasive species; assess and communicate the full economic value of protected areas in addressing climate-related issues and ensure that protected areas are an integral part of climate adaptation planning. <br /></li></ul>The paper concludes that although there are potential tradeoffs between managing protected areas for biodiversity and for climate, the overwhelming social, economic and ecological benefits of protected areas make them a natural and cost-effective investment.

28 Feb 2012 01:38:52 GMT

Geographical indications, in situ conservation and traditional knowledge

<p>Geographical indications (GIs) have been a neglected area in the various fora addressing biodiversity and intellectual property. This policy brief focuses on basic GI concepts and the overall conclusion of the overview of over 30 GI cases. <br /></p><p>The document demonstrates the following observations:</p><ul> <li>GI development may promote biodiversity conservation directly through the use of a specific genetic resource, or indirectly through management practices that include ecosystem considerations</li> <li>current trends in multilateral and national GI protection systems show that the issue is moving in practice, and indicate that developing countries are active in GI development</li> <li>value chain differentiation is a very important concept in terms of GIs and has important policy implications <br /></li></ul><p>The paper concludes that indications of source, basic labelling of generics and the possibility of registering GIs according to the specific value chain should be considered within GI implementation strategies. In addition, promoting innovative approaches to marketing with a geographical identity is required as well. <br /></p><p>Final general recommendations are that:</p><ul> <li>GI protection systems should focus on the creation of an enabling institutional environment to prevent the false use of GIs</li> <li>GI registration systems should be precise and flexible and also consider the legal framework for the development of governing bodies</li> <li>the governance features of GIs should contribute to the respectful and creative use of traditional knowledge and practices</li> <li>regarding hunger and poverty alleviation goals, it is important to avoid economic exclusion processes at the local and regional level as a consequence of developing only high-end valuable markets</li> <li>in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agenda, the neglect of GIs within current conversations should end, and there should be deep discussions on GIs contributions to rural conservation <br /></li></ul>

27 Feb 2012 21:44:42 GMT

Bridging the gap on intellectual property and genetic resources in WIPO’s Intergovernmental Committee (IGC)

<p>The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) committee on intellectual property and genetic resources (IGC) was created in 2000. This report argues that the IGC has an historic opportunity to contribute towards providing meaningful responses to concerns relating to biodiversity and intellectual property (IP). <br /></p><p>In this regard, the study emphasises that:</p><ul> <li>the relationship of genetic resources and traditional knowledge to intellectual property protection is a controversial issue</li> <li>one important challenge it raises stems from the fact that discussions have taken place simultaneously in a number of international forums that have different mandates</li> <li>the IGC has generated significant research and resulted in some technical measures, yet it has to deliver with respect to international norm setting</li> <li>in 2009, an important step was taken when the WIPO instructed the IGC to accelerate its work towards developing protective international instruments <br /></li></ul><p>The document figures that while a binding instrument is favourable, soft law solutions should not be ruled out provided they address concerns effectively. Furthermore, it points out these recommendations:</p><ul> <li>the Nagoya Protocol&rsquo;s new access and benefit-sharing standards should be supported in the IP system and addressed in ongoing negotiations in the IGC, the TRIPS Council, and FTAs</li> <li>a set of operational provisions should be added to the current IGC draft of objectives and principles in order to advance the process and facilitate their implementation</li> <li>the substance of the recent proposal by the IGC&rsquo;s Group of Like Minded Countries (GLMC) could provide a suitable basis for negotiations in the IGC</li> <li>the introduction of Biodiversity-related Disclosure Requirements (BRDRs) at the multilateral level should be complemented by other policy developments</li> <li>additional research on practical national experiences of BRDRs is urgently needed, which could be undertaken by IGC members directly or requested of the WIPO secretariat <br /></li></ul>

25 Feb 2012 21:42:22 GMT

Sundarbans: future imperfect climate adaptation report

The eco-region of Sundarbans is unique and fragile because it is one of the most extensive mangrove forests in the world. This report describes the Sundarbans region and the impacts of climate change using evidence from the people who live there, scientific data, and efforts to address the problems of the imminent threats and vulnerabilities to this fragile ecosystem.<br /><br />The report highlights the following recurrent themes from the voices of inhabitants of the Sundarbans.<br /><ul> <li>Rising sea level: most of the islands in the Sundarbans are low lying, meaning that as the sea level rises, land is lost to the sea. This puts further pressure on agriculture production, yet the salinity of the water destroys the productivity of the soil. <br /></li> <li>Unpredictable rainfall patterns: changing rainfall patterns are making conventional cultivation of crops difficult for farmers.</li> <li>Impact on fisheries: there are fewer fish because the increased salinity of water has caused them to migrate. <br /></li> <li>Frequency and intensity of storms has increased causing further vulnerability.</li></ul>The publication uses data regarding the Sundarbans over eighteen years to verify the climate witness accounts scientifically as follows.<br /><ul> <li>Environmental factors affecting farming: the contributing factors to decreasing rainfall and extreme weather can be scientifically measured using the ambient temperature change over land, as well as change in rainfall pattern and forest cover.</li> <li>Environmental factors affecting fishing: the studies show a steady decline in the catch per unit effort of fish and confirm that increasing salinity in the estuarine water is leading to a depletion of freshwater fish species.</li> <li>Sea level change and coastal erosion: the study concluded that the relative mean sea level in Sagar and adjoining areas of the Bay of Bengal was rising at 3.14mm per year, compared to a global estimate of between 0.5 and 3mm per year.</li> <li>Change in high intensity events: both studies concluded that although storms and cyclones were rarer, they tended to do more damage when they occurred. <br /></li></ul>The report concludes that the observations made by the inhabitants of the Sundarbans are mostly grounded in scientific fact.

20 Feb 2012 17:53:34 GMT

Wildlife-human interactions: from conflict to coexistence in sustainable landscapes. A cooperative research project between India and Norway

<p>Reports on a project which sought to understand the dynamics of wildlife human interactions in India and Norway (in a sample of multiuse landscapes) and to develop mechanisms of coexistence suitable to the countries. The project focussed on species that regularly come into conflict with humans, but which reflect <br />the diversity of forms these conflicts can take. </p><p>The report makes&nbsp;numerous recommendations&nbsp;for further research and addresses a number of policy implications arising from the study. These address wildlife management policy at both state and national level and some consideration is also given to the implications for Convention on Biological Diversity. The authors challenge stakeholders and decision makers&nbsp;to assess and implement actions to achieve a better coexistence between humans and wildlife based on the report's findings.</p>

26 Sep 2011 16:57:09 GMT

High mountain glaciers and climate change: challenges to human livelihoods and adaptation

<p>Climate change is causing significant mass loss of glaciers in high mountains worldwide. This report calls for accelerating research, monitoring and modeling of glaciers, snow and their role in water supplies. <br /></p><p>Although glacier systems are inherently complex overall trends indicate that&nbsp;globally glaciers are receding.&nbsp;This is likely to accelerate in the coming decades. Impacts of the shrinkage of mountain glaciers include changes in the flow characteristics of glacier-fed rivers, glacier lake outburst floods&nbsp;and changing flood severity and frequency. This will most likely increase human vulnerability in concerned areas, and&nbsp;have major impacts on food security. <br /></p><p>Recommendations of this report are as follows:&nbsp;</p><ul> <li>strengthen glacial research and trans-national collaboration with emphasis on mass calculation and the effects of glacial recession on biodiversity and&nbsp;water resources&nbsp;availability downstream</li> <li>improve modeling of precipitation patterns and effects on water availability in mountain regions, particularly in Asia and Latin America&nbsp;</li> <li>prioritise support to and development of adaptation to water-related disasters</li> <li>prioritise programmes and support to development and implementation of adaptation strategies for too much and too little water including strengthening the role of women</li> <li>urgently support the implementation and improvement of both small and large-scale water capture and storage systems</li> <li>improve efficiency of current irrigation systems through the use of green technology and agricultural knowledge <br /><br /></li></ul>

26 Aug 2011 08:11:25 GMT

Agriculture biodiversity and food security: two sides of a coin

This research paper explains the relationship between food production and agricultural biodiversity, and analyses the impact of indiscriminate loss of agricultural biodiversity on food security.<br /><br />Bangladesh has been suffering from food shortage for its 150 million people, though it has favourable climatic conditions to produce highly productive native crop varieties. The study condemns two major reasons for this food crisis in agrarian Bangladesh - the lack of proper use of agriculture biodiversity, and the practice of modern agriculture systems that are based on hybrid seeds, chemical fertilisers, and pesticides without paying much attention to the native varieties.<br /><br />The paper also blames the callousness of incumbent political regimes and obsolete agricultural tradition as the obstacles to achieve food sufficiency. Political decisions regulate the agro-sector in Bangladesh. After independence, most of the governments took attempts to gain self-sufficiency in food production. However, their short-sighted planning or narrow political interests hastened the loss of biodiversity. As one of the signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Bangladesh is committed to conserving its biological diversity. Regrettably, no special attention has so far been given in the budgetary allocation to conserve and use its unique agricultural biodiversity.<br /><br /><br />In conclusion the paper recommends some policies to maintain smooth food production and ensure food security. Replacing current mechanized agricultural production systems with sustainable production methods such as mixed farming systems and organic agriculture are highly encouraged for this purpose.

25 Aug 2011 12:29:04 GMT

Climate change and biodiversity: IPCC technical paper V

<p>With the current rate of biodiversity loss greater than the natural background rate of extinction, a critical question addressed by this technical paper is &lsquo;how much might climate change (natural or human induced) enhance or inhibit these losses in biodiversity?<br /><br />Key findings of the document include:</p><ul> <li>changes in climate exert additional pressure and have already begun to affect biodiversity</li> <li>climate change is projected to affect all aspects of biodiversity, however, the projected changes have to take into account the impacts from other past, present, and future activities, including increasing atmospheric concentrations of CO2</li> <li>the general effect of projected human-induced climate change is that the habitats of many species will move poleward or upward from their current locations</li> <li>globally by the year 2080, about 20% of coastal wetlands could be lost due to sea-level rise</li> <li>the risk of extinction will increase for many species that are already vulnerable</li> <li>the effectiveness of adaptationand mitigation activities can be enhanced when they are integrated with broader strategies designed to make development paths more sustainable. </li></ul><p>The document&rsquo;s conclusion includes the following suggestions:</p><ul> <li>the development of monitoring systems, using multiple taxa, to assist in the detection of changes in ecosystems and biodiversity within them</li> <li>development and use of detailed and reliable regional scenarios of climate change in vulnerability analysis</li> <li>evaluation of case studies that deal with mitigation (including those in marine environments and carbon sequestration projects) ad adaptation projects on biodiversity</li> <li>identification of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use activities and policies that would beneficially affect climate change adaptation and mitigation options</li> <li>adaptation of project-, sector-, and regional-level environmental socio-economic assessment tools, and further development of a set of criteria and indicators to assess (quantitatively and qualitatively) the synergies and tradeoffs between climate change adaptation and mitigation options and sustainable development. </li></ul>

31 Aug 2010 11:40:57 GMT

Questioning conservation practice and its response: the establishment of Namaqua National Park

<p>This article summarises research carried out in Namaqualand in South Africa that identifies the discrepancies between rhetoric and practices in conservation. The author points at an on-going conflict between conservation and redistribution of land, suggesting that powerful conservationists tend to win this competition.</p><p>The article underlines that apartheid resulted in Africans being dispossessed of land on a large scale and restricted to overcrowded reserves. Particularly, the resulting land dispossession in Namaqualand confined non-whites to mission stations, which acted as places of refuge. However, people continue to feel strongly about the loss of their ancestral land, and they are keen to increase their land base.</p>The article reviews the story of Namaqua National Park that was established in 2002. The paper demonstrates how the expansion of the park outcompetes land reform in the area by the conservation fund being willing to pay far above the market price, which resulted in remaining landless neighbouring communities as they are.<p>Although land redistribution may be understood from a developmental point of view, the paper highlights the strong opposition from conservationists to this direction. In this respect, the article finds the following:</p><ul> <li>scientists and conservationists have for a long time maintained that livestock farming, as historically and currently carried out by the people in communal areas, is a threat to the environment</li> <li>livestock keeping represents a safety net against fluctuations in other incomes &ndash; as a &lsquo;bank account&rsquo; that herders can dip into to make up for regular seasonal shortages or when other sources fail</li> <li>conservationists may find it legitimate to neglect principles of ethics and transparency in order to pursue their goals&nbsp;</li> <li>this type of strategy may, however, in the longer term have adverse effects not only on local people&rsquo;s livelihoods, but also on environments.<br /></li></ul>

08 Apr 2010 16:00:41 GMT

Community Markets For Conservation Programme (COMACO) Phase II: appraisal of the proposal to the Royal Norwegian Embassy, Lusaka, Zambia

This paper reviews the proposal for a Phase II of the Community Markets for Conservation Programme (COMACO) in Zambia. The programme is seen as a tool to offer poachers and charcoal burners incentives for abandoning illegal activities to protect wildlife and biodiversity through improved farming technologies and access to agricultural markets.<br /><br />The paper notes that COMACO is well staffed with highly dedicated and talented employees, also willing to work in remote areas. Phase 2 of the programme emphasises improved food security and poverty alleviation. The paper finds the proposal for a Phase 2 of the programme is generally well argued and appears to fit with current Norwegian development assistance policies on food security and poverty alleviation, also in rural areas. However, it suggests a number of points to be considered in a revision of this proposal:<br /><ul> <li>there is a need for improved administrative clarity of the functioning of COMACO as a legal personality, and its legal ability to receive funding</li> <li>the approach carries substantial risks, both in the farming technologies proposed, in the production processes, and in the marketing segment</li> <li>more attention should be paid to agronomic detail, including planting densities of rice and maize</li> <li>the proposal is somewhat under-defined with respect to sociological impacts of its business model</li> <li>concern about HIV/AIDS and other communicable and vector-borne diseases have not been covered.</li></ul>The paper recommends that following this revision the Norwegian government should seriously consider the proposal for full funding.

18 Jan 2010 11:40:45 GMT

Wild resources and livelihoods of poor households in Democratic Republic of Congo

<p>Wild foods including bushmeat have long been recognised as important famine foods underpinning coping strategies for poor people. Yet there is mounting pressure from conservation agencies to limit the extraction of wild resources, particularly bushmeat. This ODI policy brief outlines research on the links between poverty and wild food use in a poor community of Congolese farming households with an average income of less than one dollar per person per day. </p><p>Policy Conclusions </p><ul> <li>Bushmeat and other wild foods play a vital part in the diets, livelihoods and food security of poor rural households. There are marked seasonal changes in wild food use, with major increases in the hungry season. These facts need to be taken into account in planning conservation strategies.</li> <li>Wild foods form a moderately important component of household diets but a very important component of household sales, particularly for the poor. Bushmeat and fish figure as superior goods (in the sense that their consumption increases proportionately with increases in household income). Wild plant foods figure as inferior goods. </li> <li>Within a community that is universally poor by regional and international standards, clear differences in access to and use of wild foods are associated with degrees of poverty. The very poorest households are disadvantaged in absolute terms, and are the least likely to benefit from hunting or its proceeds. </li> <li>The case study contradicts the view that banning market sales of bushmeat, and restricting consumption to subsistence use, offers a &lsquo;win-win&rsquo; strategy to the benefit of both conservation and the poor. All but the very poorest are likely to rely on sales. Selling bushmeat benefits the poor relatively more than the rich (though the very poorest may not even benefit from subsistence use).</li></ul>

11 Nov 2009 12:37:10 GMT

Reforming wildlife governance in East and Southern Africa: the role of corruption

<p>This brief looks at the role corruption plays in structuring wildlife governance systems in Africa by comparing the differing governance structures which have elicited variant economic and ecological outcomes. Wildlife is an important economic asset in Africa worth billions of dollars annually. The biological diversity is a natural spectacle and priceless global heritage. <br /><br />The author notes that Namibia is Africa&rsquo;s best example of the role that institutional reforms play in increasing wildlife population and investment in wildlife-based enterprises. Local communities and private landholders have been involved in decision making about wildlife use on their lands what has in turn generated strong incentives for local investments in conservation. This attracts wildlife-based enterprises that contribute to local and national economic growth and encourages further investments in conservation in a sustainable and virtuous cycle. <br /><br />In Tanzania however, reforms have made limited headway in the country and wildlife populations are declining as a result. Although reforms have been proposed and donors have extended support, governments are maintaining centralised wildlife governance arrangements, resisting the use of market-based mechanisms and thus creating opportunities for corruption.This has led to reduced benefits at the national level, by preventing market-based pricing of wildlife, and at the local level, through the failure to devolve greater rights over wildlife to local communities. These factors undermine incentives for conserving wildlife at all levels. <br /><br />The brief presents the following lessons from the comparison between Namibia and Tanzania: </p><ul> <li>reforms that decentralise user rights over wildlife can radically change the attitudes of landholders towards wildlife and shift incentives from eradication of wildlife towards conservation and investment <br /></li> <li>reforms are often incompatible with the private interests and motivations of influential political elites and policy-makers. This is because devolving rights over wildlife to local actors constitutes a shift in control over wildlife&rsquo;s economic value, which involves losing direct access to money and resources. </li></ul><p>To attain better outcomes, the brief suggests the following strategic responses to the political challenges facing wildlife and natural resource governance reforms: </p><ul> <li>local activists, community based organisations, donor and government agencies all need to collaborate to improve the existing level of knowledge with regard to patterns of natural resource use<br /></li> <li>donors should deal directly with the reformist constituency itself, which comprises non-governmental actors such as local communities, civil society organisations, networks, and even private sector entrepreneurs. </li></ul>

09 Oct 2009 11:58:50 GMT

Home gardens sustain crop diversity and improve farm resilience in Candelaria Loxicha, Oaxaca, Mexico

The home garden is an integral part of smallholders&rsquo; production strategies. This paper investigates how home gardens are integrated into local farming practices and how these influence biodiversity in Candelaria Loxicha, Oaxaca, Mexico. The paper finds that home gardens harbour high levels of biodiversity.<br /><br />Further findings include:<br /><ul> <li>most home gardens are multipurpose, providing goods for home consumption, sales, environmental services, and experimentation and learning</li> <li>plant diversity is higher in younger home gardens and in home gardens where owners actively exchange plant material with other people</li> <li>through practices such as plant exchange, seed storage, and the dispersion of seeds in different land uses, farmers avoid homogenisation and encourage plant diversity </li> <li>farmers manage their lands for resilience taking advantage of the patchy distribution of resources and optimising labour allocation </li> <li>both men and women participate in the establishment, care and management of home gardens, yet men and women take interest in and responsibility for different plants </li> <li>participation in communal or political work enhances the ability of male farmers to become engaged in exchange networks </li> <li>through their increased mobility, migrants move plants both from abroad and to their international destinations. </li></ul>The paper recommends that:<br /><ul> <li>future research and policies must be particularly responsive to social dynamics underlying land use management systems</li> <li>the role of migration and other adaptive strategies of farmers which impact on decisions related to practices that enhance biodiversity have to be understood and taken into account.</li></ul>

08 Oct 2009 13:28:15 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

This Forum on 27-28 November 2014 in Paris and has identified three areas that can contribute to more integrated policy-making: improving knowledge of the interactions between the different dimensions; sending the right policy and price signals to users and financiers; and plugging the nexus into the broader development agenda, in particular in the context of post-2015 discussions.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 13:29:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 14:19:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit will take place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, will be chairing the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where leaders will be discussing The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

The water challenge: OECD's response

Without new policies, by 2050, freshwater availability will be further strained, with 2.3 billion more people than today projected to be living in river basins experiencing severe water stress. Latest information: The OECD participated in the Stockholm World Water Week from 31 August-5 September 2014.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

Environment at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators

This book offers a comprehensive snapshot of key environmental trends in OECD member countries since the early 1990s. Environment at a Glance 2013 contains comparative data and charts on everything from car ownership to fish captures that should be a useful reference tool as governments try to steer their economies in an environmentally sustainable direction, and to realise the associated economic opportunities.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 15:26:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 12:51:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

OECD Programme on Water Governance

The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

Alibaba shares surge on NY debut

Alibaba's shares closed significantly above their initial price on the New York Stock Exchange on Friday, a sign of the excitement surrounding the Chinese internet giant.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 20:31:24 GMT

Shares rise in London on 'No' vote

Shares rise in London after Scotland rejects independence, as a rally in the pound fades.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:05:06 GMT

French farmers torch tax office

Angry French vegetable farmers protesting against falling living standards burn down tax and insurance offices in a Brittany town.

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 11:49:30 GMT

GSK fined $490m by China for bribery

China fines UK pharmaceuticals firm GlaxoSmithKline $490m (£297m) for bribery and its former head of Chinese operations is given a suspended jail sentence.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:28:01 GMT

South Sudan dismays investors

South Sudan's decision to order foreign workers to leave, reversed a day later, has rattled investors and neighbours.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 20:30:41 GMT

Prada profit hit by fall in sales

The Italian fashion house Prada reports a 20% fall in profit, hit by the strength of the euro and a fall in leather good sales.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 15:53:27 GMT

Scottish 'No' vote 'relief' for firms

Businesses speak of 'relief' over Scotland's rejection of independence, and banks say they will no longer be shifting operations out of Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 12:51:07 GMT

WPP moves into Mongolia

A subsidiary of global advertising giant WPP has acquired a majority stake in a Mongolian ad agency.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 14:57:50 GMT

Oracle boss Larry Ellison steps down

Multi-billionaire Oracle boss Larry Ellison steps aside to focus on product engineering, as Mark Hurd and Safra Catz are named as co-chief executives.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 23:14:29 GMT

Microsoft cuts more than 2,000 jobs

Microsoft announces another 2,100 redundancies as part of a target to cut 18,000 jobs, about 14% of its workforce.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 19:52:10 GMT

ECB stimulus offer sees low take-up

A European Central Bank measure designed to stimulate the flagging eurozone economy has seen a low initial take-up by banks.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 12:43:34 GMT

NewsCorp: Google platform for piracy

NewsCorp's chief executive writes strongly worded letter calling for a tougher approach from the EU to search giant Google.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 10:21:50 GMT

Irish economy bounces back strongly

The Irish government upgrades growth forecasts for 2014 after the economy grew by a stronger-than-expected 1.5% in the April-to-June quarter.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 14:03:35 GMT

Sony shares tumble on loss warning

Sony shares plunged by up to 12% in Tokyo trading after it warned of a bigger than expected annual loss because of its mobile business.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 09:17:46 GMT

Russia to extend media controls

A bill to restrict foreign ownership in Russia's media will go before the Russian parliament, dominated by allies of President Putin.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 12:16:22 GMT

US Fed to end stimulus in October

The US Federal Reserve says it will raise interest rates once a "considerable time" has passed after its stimulus programme ends in October.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 19:38:42 GMT

India and China sign landmark deals

India and China sign 12 agreements, one of which will see China investing $20bn in India's infrastructure over five years.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 15:59:57 GMT

Japan trade deficit narrows in August

Japan narrows its trade deficit in August as a fall in imports lowers the country's energy bill for the month.

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 01:24:44 GMT

VIDEO: What is Alibaba? In 60 seconds

Your 60-second primer on Alibaba, the Chinese e-commerce giant set to float on the New York Stock Exchange in one of the biggest technology listings ever.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:12:43 GMT

VIDEO: Lasers deliver brighter 3D films

BBC Click looks at a new laser projector that promises to deliver brighter and clearer pictures.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 23:16:04 GMT

VIDEO: Ivory Coast's homegrown tablet

How an Ivory Coast company developed a tablet computer which is being introduced in the country's schools.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 23:01:16 GMT

VIDEO: 'Kenny the Fish' swims to the top

Qian Hu Corporation is one of the biggest exporters of tropical fish in the world but its success has sometimes been an upstream struggle.

Sun, 14 Sep 2014 19:02:06 GMT

VIDEO: What are Scotland's currency options?

The question of which currency an independent Scotland would use has dominated the campaign. Newsnight's economics correspondent Duncan Weldon investigates the options.

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 22:55:22 GMT

AUDIO: The little known biggest web retailer

Alibaba, the world's largest internet retailer, is set to float on the US stock market, in what may be the world's biggest-ever IPO.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:04:02 GMT

VIDEO: Giving every Indian a bank account

In a landmark initiative to help the poor, the Indian government has launched a plan to provide every household with a bank account.

Fri, 12 Sep 2014 12:45:16 GMT

Bosses and cash vanish at shoe firm

Chinese footwear firm Ultrasonic has announced the disappearance of its chief executive and chief operating officer, along with most of its cash.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:45:58 GMT

IBM's Watson rolled out to business

IBM's supercomputer Watson is being made available to businesses to answer tricky questions.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:59:33 GMT

US consumer prices fall in August

US consumer prices fell in August for the first time since April 2013, Labor Department figures show.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 13:45:20 GMT

Global firms 'need new tax rules'

Moves to tackle corporate tax avoidance on a global scale are unveiled by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 19:27:18 GMT

Radisson halts Vikings sponsorship

Hotel chain Radisson suspends its sponsorship of NFL team Minnesota Vikings after one of their players was charged with child abuse.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 23:05:06 GMT

European car sales continue recovery

European Union new car registrations rose in July and August, industry figures show, indicating continued recovery across the region.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:37:13 GMT

Eurozone inflation revised to 0.4%

The eurozone inflation rate held steady at 0.4% in August, slightly higher than the original estimate of 0.3%, revised Eurostat figures show.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:27:22 GMT

Profits dip at Zara owner Inditex

Inditex, the Spanish company behind the Zara fashion chain, says first half profits fell, but by less than analysts had been expecting.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 07:00:40 GMT

Ebola can 'ruin W Africa economies'

The Ebola outbreak could have a catastrophic economic impact on three West African countries, the World Bank says.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 20:38:39 GMT

Uganda predicts bigger coffee crop

Uganda's coffee farmers are looking forward to a bigger harvest of beans this year thanks to more rain

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 16:01:28 GMT

Investments in Zimbabwe 'plunging'

Investment in Zimbabwe more than halved in the first six months of 2014, the country's central bank chief announces as President Mugabe visits China.

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 11:26:58 GMT

Sony predicts increased losses

Japanese consumer electronics giant Sony says its annual loss may be more than four times bigger than initially forecast, due to its struggling mobile business.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:21:39 GMT

Thai tuna firm nets Norwegian rival

The world's biggest producer of canned tuna, Thai Union Frozen Products, is buying Norwegian seafood firm King Oscar for an undisclosed sum.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 10:05:57 GMT

First Android One smartphones launch

The first Android One handsets go on sale in India, offering “high quality” features and downloads at a relatively low price.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 08:16:26 GMT

US firm assessing offer for Tottenham

US private investment company Cain Hoy Enterprises confirms it is considering a takeover offer for English Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur.

Fri, 12 Sep 2014 14:26:46 GMT

Man United predicts fall in profit

Manchester United predicts profit and revenue to fall as a result of its failure to qualify for Champions League.

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 14:16:16 GMT

Ferrari chairman quits after 23 years

Ferrari's long-time chairman Luca Di Montezemolo is stepping down and will be replaced by Fiat boss Sergio Marchionne.

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:33:43 GMT

Build your Martian dream home

Technology designed to build houses on Mars could also let us 3D print our own dream homes in less than 24 hours

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 23:00:30 GMT

Squeezing out water to save the future

It is the one of the biggest environmental problems facing us – our water is running out. It could lead to food shortages, disease, even war. Meet the businesses trying to reduce our water usage.

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 23:22:23 GMT

3D print your racing car

It's tech that is busy changing how almost everything is made - 3D printing of racing cars, drones, fashion, human tissue and prosthetics - even soil and food.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 23:08:46 GMT

How to be a big fish in a small pond

Singaporean businessman Kenny Yap says he aims to be the world's biggest tropical fish exporters: "I like being a big fish in a small pond," he tells the BBC.

Sun, 14 Sep 2014 19:02:10 GMT

Picking the best business location

Choosing where to locate your business is a vital decision for any new start-up, as business reporter Perry King reports from Canada.

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 23:16:37 GMT

The start-up boss rejected 45 times

Nick Hungerford, the founder and boss of online investment company Nutmeg, talks about how he set up the business.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 23:14:11 GMT

GM announces hands-free Cadillac

General Motors has announced that by 2016, some of its Cadillacs will incorporate self-driving functions.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 11:37:02 GMT

Aston Martin appoints new chief

UK luxury carmaker Aston Martin hires senior Nissan executive Andy Palmer as its new chief executive.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 10:59:13 GMT

Russia to start car scrappage scheme

Russia says it will introduce a new scrappage scheme worth 10bn roubles to try to boost flagging car sales.

Thu, 28 Aug 2014 13:24:10 GMT

Jack Ma: The man behind Alibaba

The man behind China's internet giant Alibaba

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 21:41:14 GMT

Scottish vote and uncertainty

Scottish vote and uncertainty

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 06:13:23 GMT

'No' vote to alter tax and benefits

How 'No' vote will alter Scottish tax and benefits

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 13:00:39 GMT

India's farmers turn to technology

India's farmers turn to tech to cope with climate change

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 19:04:56 GMT

Kenyan security industry grows post-Westgate

Kenya's security sector grows in aftermath of Westgate attack

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:11:32 GMT

Farming 'the hardest plant to grow'

The North American farmers who have started to plant wasabi

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 23:20:37 GMT

Skin printer and bee probe win award

Bee probe and skin printer make awards shortlist

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 22:10:18 GMT

The PoW who built a $180m business

The US prisoner of war who built a $180m company

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 23:28:02 GMT

A tale of two financial centres

Would London lose out if Scotland leaves?

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:17:29 GMT

Africa's first education tablet

How Africa's first education tablet computer was created

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 23:01:28 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Britain must honour pledge: Gordon Brown

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Former prime minister Gordon Brown told British leaders yesterday that they must honour their promise to grant further powers to Scotland after voters back...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 01:17:02 GMT

Qatar's Al Tamimi enters squash quarter-finals

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar's Abdullah Al Tamimi (pictured) sneaked into the quarter-finals of the squash tournament at the Asian Games but not before being taken the full dista...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 01:07:00 GMT

Confident Qatar thrash Oman in handball opener

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar showed they are a force to reckon with in handball when they thrashed Oman 31-19 in their opening Group C match at the Asian Games yesterday. At the ...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 01:05:00 GMT

Qatar- Higher land prices to push up rents

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) With Qatar's fast growing population rate continuing to push up land prices, the country is heading to higher rent inflation.Land prices have increased 52....

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:59:36 GMT

Tunisia president declares re-election bid

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Tunisian President Moncef Marzouki yesterday announced he will stand for re-election in November, in a key vote almost four years after a revolt that spark...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:57:21 GMT

Syrian Kurds fleeing IS flood into Turkey

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Tens of thousands of Syrian Kurds flooded into Turkey yesterday, fleeing an onslaught by the jihadist Islamic State group that prompted an appeal for inter...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:56:18 GMT

Kuwait sets up team to monitor IS sympathisers

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Kuwait has set up a crack team of 80 public security officials to comb the country and make sure no Islamic State (IS) operatives are active there nor are ...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:51:35 GMT

IS jihadists free 46 Turkish hostages

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Forty-six Turks, including diplomats and children, were freed yesterday more than three months after the Islamic State (IS) jihadists kidnapped them from T...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:50:01 GMT

Qatar- QF conference to tackle research challenges

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Foundation's Annual Research Conference (ARC), this year aims to address Qatar's research challenges and critical issues as well as the social chal...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:47:04 GMT

Qatar- QC completes QR77m school projects

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Charity (QC) carried out educational projects in 16 countries on the three continents of Asia, Africa and Europe, at a total cost of around QR77m fro...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:46:12 GMT

Qatar- QPSF honours Futsal team

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Police Sports Federation (QPSF) honoured Police Federation team who won the second place in the fourth Qatar Olympics Committee Futsal championship. ...

Sun, 21 Sep 2014 12:44:46 GMT

Al-Nusra Front executes seized Lebanese soldier

(MENAFN - Arab News) BEIRUT: A Lebanese soldier has been executed by the Al-Nusra Front the Syrian affiliate of Al-Qaeda the government said on Saturday.The soldier 'was killed by ...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:27:36 GMT

Saudi- Emirates lounges: 320m investments boost facilities

(MENAFN - Arab News) Over 22 million customers have enjoyed the haven of an Emirates Lounge since the airline opened its first international lounge outside of its Dubai hub and dem...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:27:23 GMT

Saudi- KAEC begins sales of luxury villas at Golf Community 2

(MENAFN - Arab News) King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC) has announced the sales launches of 147 luxury villas in Al-Murooj Golf Community 2.The sales events will be held at the Jed...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:27:21 GMT

Saudi- IE Business School creates Corporate MBA for ICD

(MENAFN - Arab News) IE Business School has created a Corporate MBA for the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD). The school and the ICD signed a par...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:27:21 GMT

Paper Arabia attracts Saudi participation

(MENAFN - Arab News) The 7th edition of Paper Arabia 2014 described as the biggest to date kicks off Sunday in Zabeel Hall 1 of the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Ce...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:27:20 GMT

Saudi- Islamic banking: Who is in control

(MENAFN - Arab News) The Islamic Development Bank's (IsDB) successful sukuk issue clearly demonstrates the market remains open to welcoming this kind of financial activity. Also th...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:23 GMT

Saudi- Record 280 exhibitors at Cityscape Global

(MENAFN - Arab News) Cityscape Global described as the Middle East's largest and most influential property show opens Sunday with 35000 participants expected from around the world ...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:22 GMT

Higher land prices accelerate rent inflation in Qatar

(MENAFN - Arab News) Higher land prices continue to put upward pressure on Qatar's rent inflation says a report released by the QNB Group. Citing the latest Ministry of Justice dat...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:21 GMT

Saudi- Etihad Rail inks deal to protect key installations

(MENAFN - Arab News) Etihad Rail the developer and operator of the UAE's national railway has signed a major memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the UAE's Armed Forces.Both part...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:21 GMT

Saudi- Banking conference to draw top speakers

(MENAFN - Arab News) The 21st annual edition of the World Islamic Banking Conference (WIBC 2014) which will be held with the support of Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al-Khalifa prime m...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:20 GMT

Saudi- Aramco sets ambitious goals for research center in Houston

(MENAFN - Arab News) Innovation and cutting-edge technologies are key strategic enablers to devise solutions that will help us to meet rising energy demand in the future and to tur...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:19 GMT

IFC to take 152 stake in Bank Alfalah

(MENAFN - Arab News) NEW YORK: The World Bank's International Finance Corporation (IFC) will take a 15 percent stake in the paid-up capital of Pakistan's Bank Alfalah the Karachi-b...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:25:18 GMT

Saudi- Efforts to maintain urban heritage in Asir under way

(MENAFN - Arab News) Anna Klingmann Architecture Department chairperson at Dar Al-Hekma University recently made a presentation on a program being implemented to revive and maintai...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:54 GMT

Saudi- Education Ministry removes graffiti supporting IS

(MENAFN - Arab News) The Education Department in the Riyadh region has moved to form a committee which has embarked on removing graffiti writings or drawings supporting the IS (Isl...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:53 GMT

Saudi- SCTA launches photo contest

(MENAFN - Arab News) The Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiquities (SCTA) launched an interactive competition on its Twitter Facebook and Instagram accounts ahead of the Saudi N...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:52 GMT

Jeddah goes green ahead of National Day

(MENAFN - Arab News) Jeddah is gradually turning green as enthusiastic youth and kids are doing some brisk shopping for flags and other paraphernalia for the occasion.A wide range ...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:51 GMT

Saudi- Girl reports abusive dad to police

(MENAFN - Arab News) A female university student has reported her father to the police for traumatizing her two younger brothers forcing them to spend the night outside their house...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:51 GMT

Saudi- Heavy penalties for hiring female 'ghost workers'

(MENAFN - Arab News) The Ministry of Labor has warned it would punish companies hiring "ghost" women workers to boost their Saudization quotas including heavy financial penalties c...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:49 GMT

Saudi- Father says his autistic daughter was abused

(MENAFN - Arab News) Authorities are investigating the abuse of an autistic girl on her first day of school at an autism center in Jeddah.Majid Al-Harbi five-year-old Ghanad's fath...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:49 GMT

Saudi- Top scholar: Young should help maintain national security

(MENAFN - Arab News) A top scholar told a forum here on Thursday that young people have a great responsibility toward enhancing the security of the country.Addressing the forum on ...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 10:23:48 GMT

Ronaldo Bale lead Real to eight-goal rout of Deportivo

(MENAFN - Arab News) MADRID: Cristiano Ronaldo scored a hat trick as Real Madrid equaled their biggest ever away win in La Liga with a 8-2 thrashing of Deportivo la Coruna on Satur...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:47 GMT

Pellegrini takes aim at 'perfect' Chelsea

(MENAFN - Arab News) MANCHESTER: Manchester City manager Manuel Pellegrini believes ending Chelsea's 100 percent Premier League record would mean his side had made a decent start t...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:47 GMT

North Korean lifter breaks record as competition begins

(MENAFN - Arab News) INCHEON: North Korean pocket rocket Om Yun Chol broke his own weightlifting world record at the Asian Games on Saturday while hosts South Korea matched powerho...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:46 GMT

IOC chief demands 'sustainable' Games

(MENAFN - Arab News) INCHEON: Olympic boss Thomas Bach Saturday said future Games hosts would have to prove their 'sustainability' and that there would be a shake-up of the bidding...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:45 GMT

US Canadian jets intercept Russian planes near Alaska

(MENAFN - Arab News) WASHINGTON Two Russian fighters entered a US 'air defense identification zone' two days ago and were intercepted by American F-22 jets near Alaska military off...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:12 GMT

Storm leaves 200000 displaced in Philippines

(MENAFN - Arab News) MANILA: Storm Fung-Wong churned toward Taiwan on Saturday after killing at least five people in the Philippines and forcing some 200000 people into temporary s...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:11 GMT

13 Indian men get jail terms over gang-rape punishment

(MENAFN - Arab News) KOLKATA: An Indian court on Saturday sentenced 13 people including a village headman to 20 years in jail for gang-raping a tribal woman as a punishment for 'di...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:25:09 GMT

Sovereign Palestine a must for Mideast peace

(MENAFN - Arab News) Backing the 'two-state solution' that envisages an independent state of Palestine alongside the state of Israel French Sen. Nathalie Goulet said a sovereign Pa...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:24:47 GMT

Turkey secures release of hostages held by Islamic State

(MENAFN - Arab News) ANKARA: Turkish intelligence agents brought 46 hostages seized by Islamic State militants in northern Iraq back to Turkey on Saturday after more than three mon...

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 08:24:46 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

The great revenge of the North?

Plans for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States have sparked considerable debate. Among the main issues contested are the lowering of food-safty standards (hormone-treated beef, chlorine-washed chicken), the democratic deficit of the negotiation process, as well as the granting of far-reaching rights and legal privileges to international investors, undermining national law. However, Rainer Falk and Barbara Unmüßig consider a topic thus far left out of critical debate: TTIP's implications for the "rest of the world," particularly for developing and emerging economies.

Nepal: The emergence of a resilient democracy

Three months after elections, a new cabinet was sworn in end of February in Kathmandu. The two largest parties have formed a coalition, with the new Prime Minister from the Congress Party, and 18 ministers from the Congress and UML parties. The mainstream Maoists voted in support but did not join an initially foreseen unity government. Where does the country stand at this moment?

Partnership in transatlantic trade and investment?

The negotiations between EU and US on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) are in full swing. The project is not only intended to reduce tariffs between the world economy's two biggest trading blocs; its primary aim is to dismantle and/or harmonise a wide spectrum of regulations. Investment liberalisation and protection also will be central issues.

The youth bulge in Least Developed Countries

The number of young people of working age in the world's 49 poorest nations is increasing by 16 million per year, and in each one of 11 such countries it will climb by at least half a million per year, a new UNCTAD report says. The organization recommends that the governments of the globe's least developed countries (LDCs) intensify efforts to employ this vast resource - currently largely underemployed, or trapped in vulnerable, low-paid jobs.

Towards a vision for post-2015

This week, the UN General Assembly (GA) will assess the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - their progress and gaps - and officially launch the intergovernmental discussion on a new, sustainable development agenda - perhaps to be encapsulated as sustainable development goals (SDGs).

UNCTAD advocates new development strategies

Adjusting to the structural shifts in the world economy makes far-reaching changes in development strategies necessary. Against the background of a prolonged period of slow growth in developed countries, export-led development in the South is no longer viable, UNCTAD says.

Statement on the results of the BRICS meeting

The emerging economies in the BRICS group - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - urged the G20 to boost global demand and ensure that any changes in monetary policy are well flagged to minimize any disruptive "spillovers" that may result. The appeal reflected the concerns among developing nations over the prospect that the Fed will scale back its ultra-loose monetary policy, and a view that Europe is not doing enough to promote a demand-driven recovery. The BRICS also agreed to contribute $100 billion to a joint currency reserve pool.

Developmental regionalism and African enterprises

The Economic Development in Africa Report 2013, subtitled "Intra-African Trade: Unlocking Private Sector Dynamism", says that efforts to date to spur jointly reinforcing economic growth on the continent have relied on a "textbook" and "linear" approach to regional cooperation that does not fit with Africa's situation.

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Income and poverty impacts of USAID-funded programs to promote maize, horticulture, and dairy enterprises in Kenya, 2004-2010

<p>This study conducts an in-depth econometric analysis of the quantitative impacts of three USAID programmes on household income and poverty in Kenya from 2004 to 2010. The analyses highlights the economic impact of the three programmes: the Kenya Maize Development Program (KMDP), the Kenya Horticulture Development Project (KHDP), and the Kenya Dairy Development Program (KDDP).</p><p>The paper finds that the three programmes which received financial support from the USAID significantly improved incomes of targeted households in the subsequent years. Furthermore, although the beneficiary and non-beneficiary households moved gradually out of poverty during the period of study, the movement out of poverty among non-beneficiaries was not consistent and sometimes negative, while that among the beneficiary households was consistent and always positive.</p><p>Based on its findings, the document suggests that the programmes may have improved the capacity of programme participants to generate income from non-farm sources. Nevertheless, it underlines that there may be a gender bias in programme participation rates and impacts.</p><p>Still, in terms of future research, the author recommends that in addition to the quantitative approaches, other qualitative survey approaches such as focus group discussion and histories can be anchored to the statistical design to form a mixed methods, qualitative-quantitative methodology.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

20 Sep 2014 18:12:44 GMT

Increasing financial investment in women and girls through gender responsive budgeting

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currentIt is difficult to conceive of any public policy to ensure the continued enjoyment of women&rsquo;s rights that can be carried out without financial resources from the state coffer. This is the argument by the authors of this perspective piece, with particular reference to India. The Indian government has undertaken many new policy initiatives to curb sexual violence, in light of a spate of gang rapes, including passage of a stringent anti-rape law.<br /><br />The article focuses on two Indian policy documents, assessing their budgeting criteria and criticizing the inadequate provision of funds earmarked for implementing interventions meant for the promotion of gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />The first part of the article focuses on assessing the financial commitments made in the gender budget, as well as the resources made available to the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The government has claimed in the Budget Statement that funds allocated to women and girls were more than all sectors, except for Defence and Finance. However, the authors showed this analysis to be facetious, as the amount allocated to women and girls was the sum total across 34 ministries.<br /><br />The latter part of the article examines the projected Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for Women and Child Development (WCD). Projections outlined by the authors show that the GBS has actually registered a decline, and this is expected to continue.<br />Countries with more gender equality have better economic growth. So said UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon in his address to commemorate International Women&rsquo;s Day 2014. Africa and the African Union (AU) commemorated the day under the theme &lsquo;Stand-Alone Goal on Gender Equality and Women&rsquo;s Empowerment in Post-2015 Agenda&rsquo;. The present article captures the sentiments and statements of leaders from around world regarding this most auspicious occasion.<br /><br />Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, calls for the transformation of the continent in order to meet its development objectives. Dr. Dlamini-Zuma reminds African leaders that a key part of the Common African Position on the post-2015 development agenda is the mainstreaming of gender and women&rsquo;s empowerment throughout all pillars and goals of the development agenda, with specific goals related to gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the United Nations under-secretary-general and executive director of UN Women notes that empowering women and girls would help to solve, &ldquo;the greatest challenges of our time.&rdquo; She also calls upon AU member states to ratify, domesticate and implement the Maputo Protocol, a crucial document to the advancement of women&rsquo;s rights on the continent.<br /><br />The article also includes insights by African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Donald Kaberuka, who underscores that the future prospects of Africa are very much a function of our ability to leave no one behind, to make full use of our talents of our people irrespective of their ethnicity or gender. Executive Director of the Zimbabwe Women&rsquo;s Resource Centre and Network (ZWRCN), Dorothy Adebanjo, share her thoughts about how gender budgeting reduces inequalities and promotes gender-sensitive development policies for poverty reduction.<br /><br />Statistics about the state of women in Africa from sources such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Population Fund are also found in this article. These statistics outline significant problems that persist for women in Africa, including high maternal mortality and HIV-incidence rates, intergenerational poverty, and lack of access to formal financial services.<br />The National Budget Group (NBG) of Azerbaijan organised a Gender-Responsive Budgeting, Analysis and Policy Advocacy training session in February 2014. It was facilitated by international consultants Katrin Schneider, Gabriel Lara and Dr. Paul Copeland.<br /><br />The training began with an in-depth exposition on basic concepts of gender budgeting: the meaning of &lsquo;gender&rsquo;, and budgets in the context of Azerbaijani principles of good governmental practice. They incorporated these with good practices and lessons learnt all around the world, such as: sex-disaggregated statistics and time-use data, budget planning and programming, and gender-aware policy appraisal and beneficiary assessments.<br /><br />The next sessions focused on the SMART Framework, specifically, understanding its use in advocacy objectives. The purpose of this session was to help the NBG think strategically about their budget work, in order to define smart advocacy objectives, and then develop an impact plan to realise these objectives.<br /><br />The training was aimed to present advocacy in a broad sense: conceptualization and the changing of policies and programmes within a wide variety of institutions, from small NGOs to international agencies. The consultants also gave advice on ways of promoting evidence-based policymaking approaches to gender strategies.<br /><br />In the end, the training was wellNigeria is a state party to all the international and regional conventions on gender equality, but has not domesticated them. Executive Director of the Civil Resource Development and Documentation Centre (CIRDDOC) of Nigeria, Oby Nwankwo, wrote this background paper on engendering political leadership and accountability in Nigeria. In it, Nwankwo offers a detailed examination of gender responsiveness in setting political agendas in Nigeria.<br /><br />Nwankwo recognises that various economic, political, social and systemic practices narrow the field of potential female political candidates in Nigeria. Party politics in Nigeria is still a virtually exclusively male affair, with very few women elected to political party offices. Male-dominated political culture and values are one of the reasons for gender imbalance in elective offices. The situation is further aggravated by corruption, violence against women, the perception of women as secondary voters, as well as widespread systematic discrimination against women.<br /><br />Electoral finance is an increasing obstacle to the achievement of gender equality in the electoral process, as the cost of contesting a party nomination is disadvantageous to women, who have less financial resources than men. In addition, the men who fund the parties, or &lsquo;Godfathers&rsquo;, see themselves as the owners of the parties, and therefore control and dominate them.<br /><br />Political Parties are critical in determining who runs for elective positions, yet women are not found in the decision-making organs of parties. The more popular position for women is that of &ldquo;woman leader&rdquo; which has little or no powers. The Justice Uwais Electoral Reform Committee recommended gender equality mainstreaming into the electoral process, an opportunity to reform the electoral process, which the executive arm of government misused and eventually lost.<br /><br />There are several civil society initiatives aimed at redressing the gender imbalance in the electoral process. These include the Civil Society Coordinating Committee on Electoral Reform, a coalition of NGOs in Nigeria that engaged the Justice Uwais Electoral Reform Committee to advocate for gender sensitive provisions in the Constitution and Electoral Act.The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development&#39;s (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) Network on Gender Equality (GENDERNET) produced this publication to address the integration of a gender equality perspective into Public Financial Management (PFM) in its partner countries.<br /><br />This policy brief suggests ways of using gender-responsive budgeting (GRB), making the case that GRB seeks to ensure an efficient allocation of resources based on the needs identified; and it has so far been used more for advocacy than action. Since most countries have failed to implement GRB in a meaningful and sustainable way, this brief posits ideas on how to make GRB integrations more effective.<br /><br />The brief first overviews the concepts of PFM and GRB, defining the &lsquo;who-what-where-when-why&rsquo;, before delving into issues of reforming PFM. To do so, the report outlines the basic budgetary functions that reforms seek to achieve, which are:<br /><br />&bull; a universal and unified budget without off-budget items or parallels;<br />&bull; effective recording and reporting of expenditure revenues;<br />&bull; transparency and agency about budgeting processes and disbursements;<br />&bull; establishment of links between budget and initial objectives; and<br />&bull; inclusion of measures of outputs and outcomes in the budgetary framework.<br /><br />The report gives real-world context by offering up examples of GRB in the Philippines, India and the United Kingdom, highlighting good and bad examples, as well as the critical role of civil society in the establishment of GRB.<br /><br />The report then turns to opportunities and challenges for gender-responsive PFM; both opportunities and challenges are examined under the themes of &lsquo;Political Will&rsquo;, the &lsquo;Capacity Challenge&rsquo;, and &lsquo;Data Disaggregated by Sex&rsquo;.<br /><br />In conclusion, the brief reinforces the value of GRB as a means to systematically address gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment through government budgets and financial management. To GENDERNET, GRB remains an ambitious element of any PFM reform, and calls for long-term perspective and patience.<br />How successful has gender responsive budgeting (GRB) been in increasing financial investment in girls and women, and in gender equality? This report answers this question, drawing on literature on what approaches have worked and why (or why not), criticisms of GRB, and alternative approaches to increasing financial investment in women and girls.<br /><br />Overall, based on the literature reviewed, the report asserts that GRB is difficult to attribute to financial change. Success stories in South Africa, Mexico, Tanzania and the Indian province of Kerala were all examined. From these stories, the report identifies several overarching enabling factors, including: securing political support; improving awareness and capacity building; and having consistent monitoring and evaluation standards.<br /><br />Some obstacles to implementing GRB are also identified, including: limited capacity of resources; deficiencies in institutional knowledge; and a lack of sex-disaggregated data to inform analysis.<br /><br />The report then goes deeper into success stories and their enabling factors. Further enabling factors, such as strong institutional mechanisms and donor partnerships, are outlined and explored here. The report posits that, while literature cautions that there is no single or definitive way of initiating GRB, it is possible to isolate factors that have improved the strengths of GRB, such as the aforementioned enablers.<br /><br />A deeper analysis of criticism follows, giving several examples to provide country and regional context. Subsequently, the report suggests alternative approaches to securing greater investments in women and girls, such as sector-specific advocacy strategies, with Family Care International&rsquo;s &lsquo;evidence-advocacy&rsquo; to support more investment in women&rsquo;s health in Burkina Faso. received by the participants; they indicated that their newly acquired knowledge would help them to better serve the needs of the people of Azerbaijan.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The authors conclude by recognising that previous gender commitments failed to materialise; and the lack budgetary support in the most recent five-year plan is likely to stifle much of its gender agenda.ly difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:41:55 GMT

Background paper on engendering political leadership and accountability in Nigeria

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currentIt is difficult to conceive of any public policy to ensure the continued enjoyment of women&rsquo;s rights that can be carried out without financial resources from the state coffer. This is the argument by the authors of this perspective piece, with particular reference to India. The Indian government has undertaken many new policy initiatives to curb sexual violence, in light of a spate of gang rapes, including passage of a stringent anti-rape law.<br /><br />The article focuses on two Indian policy documents, assessing their budgeting criteria and criticizing the inadequate provision of funds earmarked for implementing interventions meant for the promotion of gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />The first part of the article focuses on assessing the financial commitments made in the gender budget, as well as the resources made available to the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The government has claimed in the Budget Statement that funds allocated to women and girls were more than all sectors, except for Defence and Finance. However, the authors showed this analysis to be facetious, as the amount allocated to women and girls was the sum total across 34 ministries.<br /><br />The latter part of the article examines the projected Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for Women and Child Development (WCD). Projections outlined by the authors show that the GBS has actually registered a decline, and this is expected to continue.<br />Countries with more gender equality have better economic growth. So said UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon in his address to commemorate International Women&rsquo;s Day 2014. Africa and the African Union (AU) commemorated the day under the theme &lsquo;Stand-Alone Goal on Gender Equality and Women&rsquo;s Empowerment in Post-2015 Agenda&rsquo;. The present article captures the sentiments and statements of leaders from around world regarding this most auspicious occasion.<br /><br />Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, calls for the transformation of the continent in order to meet its development objectives. Dr. Dlamini-Zuma reminds African leaders that a key part of the Common African Position on the post-2015 development agenda is the mainstreaming of gender and women&rsquo;s empowerment throughout all pillars and goals of the development agenda, with specific goals related to gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the United Nations under-secretary-general and executive director of UN Women notes that empowering women and girls would help to solve, &ldquo;the greatest challenges of our time.&rdquo; She also calls upon AU member states to ratify, domesticate and implement the Maputo Protocol, a crucial document to the advancement of women&rsquo;s rights on the continent.<br /><br />The article also includes insights by African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Donald Kaberuka, who underscores that the future prospects of Africa are very much a function of our ability to leave no one behind, to make full use of our talents of our people irrespective of their ethnicity or gender. Executive Director of the Zimbabwe Women&rsquo;s Resource Centre and Network (ZWRCN), Dorothy Adebanjo, share her thoughts about how gender budgeting reduces inequalities and promotes gender-sensitive development policies for poverty reduction.<br /><br />Statistics about the state of women in Africa from sources such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Population Fund are also found in this article. These statistics outline significant problems that persist for women in Africa, including high maternal mortality and HIV-incidence rates, intergenerational poverty, and lack of access to formal financial services.<br />The National Budget Group (NBG) of Azerbaijan organised a Gender-Responsive Budgeting, Analysis and Policy Advocacy training session in February 2014. It was facilitated by international consultants Katrin Schneider, Gabriel Lara and Dr. Paul Copeland.<br /><br />The training began with an in-depth exposition on basic concepts of gender budgeting: the meaning of &lsquo;gender&rsquo;, and budgets in the context of Azerbaijani principles of good governmental practice. They incorporated these with good practices and lessons learnt all around the world, such as: sex-disaggregated statistics and time-use data, budget planning and programming, and gender-aware policy appraisal and beneficiary assessments.<br /><br />The next sessions focused on the SMART Framework, specifically, understanding its use in advocacy objectives. The purpose of this session was to help the NBG think strategically about their budget work, in order to define smart advocacy objectives, and then develop an impact plan to realise these objectives.<br /><br />The training was aimed to present advocacy in a broad sense: conceptualization and the changing of policies and programmes within a wide variety of institutions, from small NGOs to international agencies. The consultants also gave advice on ways of promoting evidence-based policymaking approaches to gender strategies.<br /><br />In the end, the training was wellNigeria is a state party to all the international and regional conventions on gender equality, but has not domesticated them. Executive Director of the Civil Resource Development and Documentation Centre (CIRDDOC) of Nigeria, Oby Nwankwo, wrote this background paper on engendering political leadership and accountability in Nigeria. In it, Nwankwo offers a detailed examination of gender responsiveness in setting political agendas in Nigeria.<br /><br />Nwankwo recognises that various economic, political, social and systemic practices narrow the field of potential female political candidates in Nigeria. Party politics in Nigeria is still a virtually exclusively male affair, with very few women elected to political party offices. Male-dominated political culture and values are one of the reasons for gender imbalance in elective offices. The situation is further aggravated by corruption, violence against women, the perception of women as secondary voters, as well as widespread systematic discrimination against women.<br /><br />Electoral finance is an increasing obstacle to the achievement of gender equality in the electoral process, as the cost of contesting a party nomination is disadvantageous to women, who have less financial resources than men. In addition, the men who fund the parties, or &lsquo;Godfathers&rsquo;, see themselves as the owners of the parties, and therefore control and dominate them.<br /><br />Political Parties are critical in determining who runs for elective positions, yet women are not found in the decision-making organs of parties. The more popular position for women is that of &ldquo;woman leader&rdquo; which has little or no powers. The Justice Uwais Electoral Reform Committee recommended gender equality mainstreaming into the electoral process, an opportunity to reform the electoral process, which the executive arm of government misused and eventually lost.<br /><br />There are several civil society initiatives aimed at redressing the gender imbalance in the electoral process. These include the Civil Society Coordinating Committee on Electoral Reform, a coalition of NGOs in Nigeria that engaged the Justice Uwais Electoral Reform Committee to advocate for gender sensitive provisions in the Constitution and Electoral Act. received by the participants; they indicated that their newly acquired knowledge would help them to better serve the needs of the people of Azerbaijan.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The authors conclude by recognising that previous gender commitments failed to materialise; and the lack budgetary support in the most recent five-year plan is likely to stifle much of its gender agenda.ly difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:26:17 GMT

Training on Gender-Responsive Budgeting, Budget Analysis and Policy Advocacy

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currentIt is difficult to conceive of any public policy to ensure the continued enjoyment of women&rsquo;s rights that can be carried out without financial resources from the state coffer. This is the argument by the authors of this perspective piece, with particular reference to India. The Indian government has undertaken many new policy initiatives to curb sexual violence, in light of a spate of gang rapes, including passage of a stringent anti-rape law.<br /><br />The article focuses on two Indian policy documents, assessing their budgeting criteria and criticizing the inadequate provision of funds earmarked for implementing interventions meant for the promotion of gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />The first part of the article focuses on assessing the financial commitments made in the gender budget, as well as the resources made available to the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The government has claimed in the Budget Statement that funds allocated to women and girls were more than all sectors, except for Defence and Finance. However, the authors showed this analysis to be facetious, as the amount allocated to women and girls was the sum total across 34 ministries.<br /><br />The latter part of the article examines the projected Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for Women and Child Development (WCD). Projections outlined by the authors show that the GBS has actually registered a decline, and this is expected to continue.<br />Countries with more gender equality have better economic growth. So said UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon in his address to commemorate International Women&rsquo;s Day 2014. Africa and the African Union (AU) commemorated the day under the theme &lsquo;Stand-Alone Goal on Gender Equality and Women&rsquo;s Empowerment in Post-2015 Agenda&rsquo;. The present article captures the sentiments and statements of leaders from around world regarding this most auspicious occasion.<br /><br />Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, calls for the transformation of the continent in order to meet its development objectives. Dr. Dlamini-Zuma reminds African leaders that a key part of the Common African Position on the post-2015 development agenda is the mainstreaming of gender and women&rsquo;s empowerment throughout all pillars and goals of the development agenda, with specific goals related to gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the United Nations under-secretary-general and executive director of UN Women notes that empowering women and girls would help to solve, &ldquo;the greatest challenges of our time.&rdquo; She also calls upon AU member states to ratify, domesticate and implement the Maputo Protocol, a crucial document to the advancement of women&rsquo;s rights on the continent.<br /><br />The article also includes insights by African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Donald Kaberuka, who underscores that the future prospects of Africa are very much a function of our ability to leave no one behind, to make full use of our talents of our people irrespective of their ethnicity or gender. Executive Director of the Zimbabwe Women&rsquo;s Resource Centre and Network (ZWRCN), Dorothy Adebanjo, share her thoughts about how gender budgeting reduces inequalities and promotes gender-sensitive development policies for poverty reduction.<br /><br />Statistics about the state of women in Africa from sources such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Population Fund are also found in this article. These statistics outline significant problems that persist for women in Africa, including high maternal mortality and HIV-incidence rates, intergenerational poverty, and lack of access to formal financial services.<br />The National Budget Group (NBG) of Azerbaijan organised a Gender-Responsive Budgeting, Analysis and Policy Advocacy training session in February 2014. It was facilitated by international consultants Katrin Schneider, Gabriel Lara and Dr. Paul Copeland.<br /><br />The training began with an in-depth exposition on basic concepts of gender budgeting: the meaning of &lsquo;gender&rsquo;, and budgets in the context of Azerbaijani principles of good governmental practice. They incorporated these with good practices and lessons learnt all around the world, such as: sex-disaggregated statistics and time-use data, budget planning and programming, and gender-aware policy appraisal and beneficiary assessments.<br /><br />The next sessions focused on the SMART Framework, specifically, understanding its use in advocacy objectives. The purpose of this session was to help the NBG think strategically about their budget work, in order to define smart advocacy objectives, and then develop an impact plan to realise these objectives.<br /><br />The training was aimed to present advocacy in a broad sense: conceptualization and the changing of policies and programmes within a wide variety of institutions, from small NGOs to international agencies. The consultants also gave advice on ways of promoting evidence-based policymaking approaches to gender strategies.<br /><br />In the end, the training was well received by the participants; they indicated that their newly acquired knowledge would help them to better serve the needs of the people of Azerbaijan.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The authors conclude by recognising that previous gender commitments failed to materialise; and the lack budgetary support in the most recent five-year plan is likely to stifle much of its gender agenda.ly difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:20:15 GMT

Gender budgeting vital tool for empowerment of African women

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currentIt is difficult to conceive of any public policy to ensure the continued enjoyment of women&rsquo;s rights that can be carried out without financial resources from the state coffer. This is the argument by the authors of this perspective piece, with particular reference to India. The Indian government has undertaken many new policy initiatives to curb sexual violence, in light of a spate of gang rapes, including passage of a stringent anti-rape law.<br /><br />The article focuses on two Indian policy documents, assessing their budgeting criteria and criticizing the inadequate provision of funds earmarked for implementing interventions meant for the promotion of gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />The first part of the article focuses on assessing the financial commitments made in the gender budget, as well as the resources made available to the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The government has claimed in the Budget Statement that funds allocated to women and girls were more than all sectors, except for Defence and Finance. However, the authors showed this analysis to be facetious, as the amount allocated to women and girls was the sum total across 34 ministries.<br /><br />The latter part of the article examines the projected Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for Women and Child Development (WCD). Projections outlined by the authors show that the GBS has actually registered a decline, and this is expected to continue.<br />Countries with more gender equality have better economic growth. So said UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon in his address to commemorate International Women&rsquo;s Day 2014. Africa and the African Union (AU) commemorated the day under the theme &lsquo;Stand-Alone Goal on Gender Equality and Women&rsquo;s Empowerment in Post-2015 Agenda&rsquo;. The present article captures the sentiments and statements of leaders from around world regarding this most auspicious occasion.<br /><br />Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, calls for the transformation of the continent in order to meet its development objectives. Dr. Dlamini-Zuma reminds African leaders that a key part of the Common African Position on the post-2015 development agenda is the mainstreaming of gender and women&rsquo;s empowerment throughout all pillars and goals of the development agenda, with specific goals related to gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, the United Nations under-secretary-general and executive director of UN Women notes that empowering women and girls would help to solve, &ldquo;the greatest challenges of our time.&rdquo; She also calls upon AU member states to ratify, domesticate and implement the Maputo Protocol, a crucial document to the advancement of women&rsquo;s rights on the continent.<br /><br />The article also includes insights by African Development Bank (AfDB) President, Donald Kaberuka, who underscores that the future prospects of Africa are very much a function of our ability to leave no one behind, to make full use of our talents of our people irrespective of their ethnicity or gender. Executive Director of the Zimbabwe Women&rsquo;s Resource Centre and Network (ZWRCN), Dorothy Adebanjo, share her thoughts about how gender budgeting reduces inequalities and promotes gender-sensitive development policies for poverty reduction.<br /><br />Statistics about the state of women in Africa from sources such as the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Population Fund are also found in this article. These statistics outline significant problems that persist for women in Africa, including high maternal mortality and HIV-incidence rates, intergenerational poverty, and lack of access to formal financial services.<br />&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The authors conclude by recognising that previous gender commitments failed to materialise; and the lack budgetary support in the most recent five-year plan is likely to stifle much of its gender agenda.ly difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:15:13 GMT

The Paradox of Gender Responsive Budgeting

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currentIt is difficult to conceive of any public policy to ensure the continued enjoyment of women&rsquo;s rights that can be carried out without financial resources from the state coffer. This is the argument by the authors of this perspective piece, with particular reference to India. The Indian government has undertaken many new policy initiatives to curb sexual violence, in light of a spate of gang rapes, including passage of a stringent anti-rape law.<br /><br />The article focuses on two Indian policy documents, assessing their budgeting criteria and criticizing the inadequate provision of funds earmarked for implementing interventions meant for the promotion of gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment.<br /><br />The first part of the article focuses on assessing the financial commitments made in the gender budget, as well as the resources made available to the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The government has claimed in the Budget Statement that funds allocated to women and girls were more than all sectors, except for Defence and Finance. However, the authors showed this analysis to be facetious, as the amount allocated to women and girls was the sum total across 34 ministries.<br /><br />The latter part of the article examines the projected Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for Women and Child Development (WCD). Projections outlined by the authors show that the GBS has actually registered a decline, and this is expected to continue.<br /><br />The authors conclude by recognising that previous gender commitments failed to materialise; and the lack budgetary support in the most recent five-year plan is likely to stifle much of its gender agenda.ly difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:10:18 GMT

Integrating Time in Public Policy: Empirical Description of Gender-specific Outcomes and Budgeting

<p>Research for improving policymaking related to non-monetised sectors, such as unpaid care work, is currently difficult, given perceptions of it being a &lsquo;hard-to-price&rsquo; sector. This is of particular concern for analysing the effects of gender-budgetary tools on gender equity. The author of this working paper advocates for the utilisation of time-use statistics to solve this problem.<br /><br />The author outlines three reasons for the lack of integration of time budgets into gender budgeting. Firstly, in many countries, time surveys themselves are seldom conducted at a macro level; in countries where they are undertaken, surveys lack time-series data. Secondly, gender budgeting rarely incorporates analysis of non-market economy sectors, such as unpaid care. Finally, gender budgeting is widely conducted based on the assumption that all public expenditure cannot be gender-partitioned, an assumption which is highly controversial.<br /><br />A concise rationalisation of gender budgeting follows this. Gender budgeting is explained as being the analysis of entire budgets to determine their gender-differential impacts, especially given the asymmetry in the systemic roles of men and women, governed by culture and/ or social determinants. It is usually unpaid work, which is typically performed by women, that bears the brunt of budgetary cuts in many sectors. The author recognises here the debate as to whether or not some public goods and services, such as defence, are amenable to gender budgeting, but acknowledges that many other types of public expenditure have gender differential impacts.<br /><br />An analytical framework for the incorporation of time budgets into gender budgeting is then put forward; the author dichotomises this framework into analysing existing budgets through a gender lens (ex-post); and identifying the needs of women, then incorporating them into budgets (ex-ante). The author then introduces a number of indices and formulae for assessing and quantifying the gender impacts of budgets.<br /><br />She concludes by calling for an urgent re-examination of the construction of the gender (inequality) index if gendered budgets are to be based on index-based, empirical descriptions of gender-specific outcomes.</p>

20 Sep 2014 14:03:47 GMT

Survey data cleaning guidelines: (SPSS and Stata)

<p>This paper focuses on the process of preparing data for analysis after data entry is completed, serving as a reference for those who are engaged in survey research.</p><p>The author clarifies that the computers to be used for data cleaning must have a current virus checker installed. On the other hand, the listing of the areas to be sampled must be available to verify that the coding for the identifying variables is correct.</p><p>The document figures that if data are entered into CSPro (Census and Survey Processing System), the corrections of any mismatches should be done in CSPro. Consequently, after importing all data from CSPro to the relevant software (SPSS or Stata), the syntax/do files should be used for checks. The checks should be run for each section, but not for the whole set. Nevertheless, cross file checks need to be done later to look at the variables that are related between different files.</p><p>The paper states that a track of the files used to clean data and files created from the cleaning should be kept. Still, the author emphasises that if there is no data entry error, and there are no notes to help determining where an error is, the data must be left as is.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

20 Sep 2014 10:56:47 GMT

Trading places: accessing land in African cities

<p>The developing world is urbanising fast, and new systems of urban land ownership, transfer and governance are emerging. This book tries to explain how these systems work and how they interface with wider markets and with existing land governance regimes, focusing particularly on Africa.&nbsp;</p><p>The paper states that if African cities are to become economic engines of development, the urban development systems need to be able to cope with the complexity in ways that are more just and equitable. Yet, the challenge revolves around how the legal and governance systems, and the market support institutions, catch up with that reality.</p><p>The authors deem that a more nuanced, incremental and patient approach is likely to produce the desired results. In the same way, they argue that the more cities&rsquo; land markets are understood, the better can one design governance interventions that will achieve positive outcomes.</p><p>Recommendations encompass:</p><ul><li>governments must mainstream urban land markets across a variety of development sectors and agendas such as housing, infrastructure development, poverty reduction, and livelihoods</li><li>governmental efforts must be directed to give people access to the land market, and systemic change to empower poor households and communities to defend their land rights is required</li><li>urban land market impact assessments must be carried out when developing new urban land market interventions</li><li>public investment must be packaged to create locations that are conducive to investment</li><li>if action plans are to have an effect, more agencies need to join the endeavour</li></ul>

20 Sep 2014 05:32:41 GMT

Youth and abortion: key strategies and promising practices for increasing young women's access to abortion services

<p>Abortion is often portrayed in a one-dimensional way, primarily focusing on abortions of unwanted pregnancies. But abortion also affects education, professional careers and family life. This document is based on the findings of the evidence collection of the Adolescent, Access and Abortion teams of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) and is designed to support organisations to address young people&rsquo;s access to abortion and abortion-related services.</p><p>Restrictions to make decisions about sex and sexual health, stigma and the lack of youth-friendly services are all factors that impede many young women to access abortion services. The document provides a list of promising practices, such as focusing on confidentiality and autonomy and the integration with other youth programmes, to overcome these challenges. It concludes by calling for action and listing specific recommendations in terms of institutional policies, youth-friendly sexual health provision, information, education and communication, and advocacy.</p>

19 Sep 2014 18:38:05 GMT

Unintended Pregnancy and Unsafe Abortion in the Philippines: Context and Consequences

<p>How can reproductive health services improve in the Philippines? Although the government has enhanced access to contraceptive services, abortion is still illegal under all circumstances and about 1000 women die each year from complications of unsafe abortions. In addition, due to the stigmatisation of abortions, most health services do not offer post abortion care or the methods used are unsafe and invasive.</p><p>This report provides reproductive health indicators, in particular on levels of contraceptive use, unplanned pregnancy and unsafe abortion in the socio-political context of the Philippines and lists recommendations for improving access to reproductive health services. The report suggests that Filipino national, regional and local policymakers and government agencies should sensitise the public about modern contraceptives and the danger of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortion, ensure sufficient funding for a different range of contraceptive methods, make clinics more accessible to vulnerable populations, provide contraceptive counselling, and improve and destigmatise post abortion care among providers.</p>

19 Sep 2014 18:01:40 GMT

Linking Poverty, Food Sovereignty And Security, And Sexual And Reproductive Health And Rights

<p>Why must Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) be a priority for the Post-2015 Development Agenda? SRHR is interlinked with areas such as gender, health, education and the environment and only if SRHR is considered for relevant goals and targets, these broader areas can be adequately addressed. Focusing on SRHR is not only necessary to obtain health benefits, ensuring SRHR can improve girls&rsquo; education and prevent from early/forced marriage and support women&rsquo;s economic empowerment. This brief provides an overview of the challenges religious fundamentalism poses to achieving SRHR for marginalised groups, particularly women, in order to inform the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) beyond 2014 review and post-2015 development processes.</p><p>Religious fundamentalism limits women to their traditional roles as wives and mothers, controlling all aspects of their lives, such as free movement, reproduction, education, dress, sexuality, etc. Religious fundamentalism does not regard women&rsquo;s reproductive capacity as an individual right, but as an obligation to ensure the continuity of families and clans. The brief suggests that legislation can support SRHR and highlights case studies from the Philippines, Pakistan and Tunisia. The brief stresses that member states need to ensure that a human rights approach to development is adopted that strengthens women&rsquo;s human rights. Furthermore, it is necessary to eliminate laws and policies that prevent access to sexual and reproductive health services and information. The brief also lists priority actions for civil society organisations, emphasising the need to ensure there are progressive interpretations of religion, developing counter arguments to address fundamentalism and creating spaces for women to debate about religion.<br />&nbsp;</p>

19 Sep 2014 17:52:39 GMT

20 Years after Cairo: Women: Continue to reproduce but never mind about Sexuality

<p>What have been the achievements and challenges for sexual and reproductive health since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo? This document lists the expectations of Realizing Sexual and Reproductive Justice (RESURJ) in global health and population policies, particularly in regard to considering women&rsquo;s and young people&rsquo;s autonomy over their sexuality, and not merely their reproduction.</p><p>RESURJ acknowledges the reaffirmation of the Cairo Programme of Action during the 47th United Nations Commission on Population and Development and the recommitment to continue placing women&rsquo;s and girl&rsquo;s reproductive rights and sexual and reproductive health at the centre of population and development. Furthermore, it commends that the Commission emphasised the importance of addressing gender-based violence and persistent inequalities and discrimination of afro-descendants.</p><p>On the other hand, RESURJ is disappointed with the Commission&rsquo;s failure to agree on ensuring access to safe and legal abortion and to ending violence against people based on their sexual orientation and gender identity. RESURJ stresses the importance of continuous efforts to ensure all women have the right to make free and informed decisions about their bodies and enjoy equal access to health, education and the law.</p>

19 Sep 2014 17:44:44 GMT

Women's Climate Action Agenda 2014-2015

<p>The Women&#39;s Climate Action Agenda argues for transformative change and analyses the root causes of the environmental destruction and social injustice and offers recommendations and alternative solutions to the climate crisis. These include that global climate change needs to be stopped and the rights of nature protected. The paper also argues for the democratisation of food, agriculture, and seeds and the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples. Other recommendations include: transform extractive, unjust, status-quo economics into new, socially just and environmentally sustainable economics and promote women&rsquo;s rights and women&rsquo;s leadership in all steps of climate change adaptation and mitigation. The Agenda was drafted with initial input from more than 100 international women leaders during the 2013 International Women&#39;s Earth and Climate Summit.</p>

19 Sep 2014 14:07:20 GMT

Sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference (APPC) outcome document

The sixth Asian and Pacific Population Conference (APPC) was held in Bangkok in September 2013. This outcome document sets out a set of policy directions and priority actions agreed by the states assembled at the conference. The document states that it is intended to provide an effective response to population and development challenges beyond 2014 and link to the development agenda beyond 2015. The priority actions fall into the following areas:<br /><br />&bull;Poverty eradication and unemployment<br /><br />&bull;Health<br /><br />&bull;Sexual and reproductive health, services and rights<br /><br />&bull;Education<br /><br />&bull;Gender equality and women&rsquo;s empowerment<br /><br />&bull;Adolescents and young people<br /><br />&bull;Ageing<br /><br />&bull;International migration<br /><br />&bull;Urbanisation and internal migration<br /><br />&bull;Population and sustainable development<br /><br />&bull;Data and statistics<br /><br />

19 Sep 2014 11:21:44 GMT

Modelling demand for catastrophic flood index-based insurance in Da Nang City, Vietnam

<p>This study is about insurance for catastrophic disasters Da Nang, a place very vulnerable to climate change-induced disasters, particularly typhoons and floods.</p><p>Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods, the results show that households have taken adaptive measures to minimise the impacts of annual floods, such as moving their assets to safer places, evacuation and building houses with higher foundations, but not for catastrophic floods. The situation has been exacerbated by rapid urbanisation and water discharge from upstream hydropower plants. It is found that households living in Da Nang, Vietnam have a high demand for flood index-based insurance. Based on these results, developing and piloting flood index-based insurance for households living in the city are strongly recommended.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:21:36 GMT

Meta-analysis of crop responses to conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

<p>The aim of this study is to compare and combine the results from different conservation agriculture experiments using meta-analysis in the hope of identifying patterns among study results, sources of disagreement among those results, or interesting relationships that may come to light in the context of the different studies.</p><p>Conservation agriculture involves reduced or no-tillage, permanent soil cover and crop rotations to enhance soil fertility and crop yields. Conservation agriculture practices are increasingly promoted on smallholder farms in sub-Saharan Africa as a means to overcome continuing poor-profitability and soil degradation. In recent years a growing number of studies have been carried out in sub-Saharan Africa comparing conservation agriculture practices to conventional tillage-based practices.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:09:16 GMT

CPD 45th session. Theme: Adolescents and Youth. Analysis by Realising Sexual and Reproductive Justice (RESURJ), the International Women’s Health Coalition (IWHC), Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN), and Amnesty International (AI)

This briefing paper provides an analysis of the process and outcomes of the UN Commission on Population and Development (CPD) in 2012, which focused on adolescents and youth. It outlines some background information to the event, then goes on to describe the strategies adopted by civil society and state actors and the positions taken by different countries during the negotiations and drafting of the outcome document. It covers language that was disputed during the negotiations, gains that were made, opposition strategy and losses and mixed results. It concludes that the CPD signalled to governments, NGOs and the UN that if there is commitment to challenging the status quo and working together to do this, then gains can be made. Gains are listed in the areas of:<br /><br />&bull;Gender equality<br /><br />&bull;Early and forced marriage<br /><br />&bull;Harmful practices<br /><br />&bull;Human rights of adolescents and youth<br /><br />&bull;Sexual and reproductive rights and health services<br /><br />&bull;Health<br /><br />&bull;HIV and AIDS<br /><br />&bull;Violence<br /><br />&bull;Financing<br /><br />&bull;Youth participation<br /><br />

19 Sep 2014 11:07:09 GMT

Operationalising an equity reference framework in the climate change regime Legal and technical perspectives

<p>This paper focuses on the Equity Reference Framework (ERF), a proposal for addressing the imperatives of effectiveness and equity in the 2015 climate agreement.</p><p>It identifies legal, architectural and technical options for the operationalisation of the ERF in climate change regime and argues that it can play a critical role in shaping the 2015 agreement. It argues that the ERF is highly adaptable on substantive assessment inputs, legal form and architectural options and that it may thus prove to be an invaluable framework in a highly contested environment with divergent views.</p>

19 Sep 2014 11:00:38 GMT

The Sustainable Development Goals: Will they deliver climate compatible development for vulnerable countries?

<p>This working paper explores the potential opportunities for 2015 as a crucial year for global action on climate change and development.</p><p>It argues that the post-2015 sustainable development goals (SDGs) should be seen as an opportunity for developing countries rather than a burden, given how important climate resilience is to protecting and furthering development progress in vulnerable countries. It argues that a stand-alone goal should be retained in the SDGs, but this must be alongside the mainstreaming of climate change into the other goals, such that climate and development do not become siloed. The paper also argues that the SDGs should be drafted in a way that allows for interpretation in a nationally relevant way and that is useful for informing national development plans &ndash; for example, Green Growth strategies &ndash; as well as reducing countries&rsquo; vulnerability to climate change.</p>

19 Sep 2014 10:18:47 GMT

Research briefing: what can African countries learn from Brazil’s inclusive growth and development?

<p>Until the mid-2000s, credit in Brazil was characterised by: volatility; high costs; high concentrations in the banking industry, with the significant participation of state-owned institutions; segmentation, with large quasi-fiscal funds earmarking credit for investments.&nbsp; Today, the Brazilian financial market is very different from the early 2000s, and, as this paper argues, may offer lessons for African countries.</p><p>Summary:</p><ul><li>until-mid 2000s, credit to the private sector in Brazil was scarce, short term and costly. Interest rates were high in order to attract foreign investors and to finance the public debt, which reached more than 80% of GDP in 2002 and had to be rolled over every 12 months.</li><li>Brazil&rsquo;s national development bank, the BNDES, holds a market share of over 20% of total credit market and is mainly financed by special funds from the government. On average it finances 25% of all investment in manufacturing and infrastructure</li><li>from 2004 to 2010, bank credit to the private sector more than doubled compared to GDP, while BNDES expanded its leading position in the long term market as a result of its important counter-cyclical financing</li><li>BNDES&rsquo; role has been enlarged in recent years to include new activities such as social investments, innovation and export finance to many countries, including Africa</li><li>the experience of BNDES is unique in Latin America and shows the importance of creating national development banks as tool to support investment and growth in less developed countries, particularly in Africa</li></ul><p>&nbsp;<p>This briefing is based upon an IRIBA working paper 6, Restructuring Brazil&rsquo;s National Financial System, by Ernani Torres, Luiz Macahyba and Rodriogo Zeidan.</p></p>

19 Sep 2014 09:21:53 GMT

Restructuring Brazil’s national financial system

<p>This paper examines the main institutional reforms that had a major impact in terms of building a robust (but not flawless) domestic financial system in Brazil after 1994, when the high inflation period came to an end. Its aim is to identify the most important policy measures that were taken as well as the economic and political motivations that supported the decision-making process.</p><p>The paper points out some links to other spheres of stabilisation, such as macroeconomic and fiscal ones, which are the main themes of other papers in the IRIBA project.</p><p>The paper makes two main conclusions. The first is that the reforms set after 1994 to stabilise the domestic financial system in Brazil may be regarded as a model which can provide lessons for African countries in terms of developing local financial markets and institutions.</p><p>Those lessons, however, have to take in to consideration that the Brazilian experience was a consequence of fifteen years of high inflation, and unstable growth and no access to voluntary international Markets and that economic, political and social conditions of African countries nowadays are not similar to the Brazilian dilemmas of the 1990s.</p><p>Secondly, the success of these reforms was heavily dependent on the role of public institutions, which had the political support from the government to implement the transformations in financial markets. Those reforms were mainly based on the experience accumulated along the crisis management of the 1980s by the staff of those governmental organisations and, to a lesser extent, on the lessons from other countries. The implementation of those reforms was very pragmatic and didn&rsquo;t follow any master plan or pre-established timetable.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

19 Sep 2014 09:08:47 GMT

Research briefing: the impact of SENAI's vocational training programme on employment, wages, and mobility in Brazil: What lessons for Sub Saharan Africa?

<p>In Sub-Saharan Africa, there is ample evidence of the significant role that education plays on shaping the labour market transition of young people. When comparing Brazil with some countries in the region, the data suggests that the higher levels of education in Brazil have a positive impact on the probability of finding a full-time job. This paper investigates the Brazilian vocational training system with emphasis on the National Service for Industrial Training (SENAI) to determine what lessons this system of training can offer to Sub Saharan African countries.<br /><br />Policy implications:</p><ul><li>in Africa, policymakers should ensure that any intervention to create or modify the vocational training system can offer different ethnic/racial groups the same development chances-as it does the SENAI.</li><li>they should find a proper financing structure that avoids fluctuations and uncertainties. The SENAI financing balance of a market driven component with a stable public source can be a model in African given high levels of informality.</li><li>the focus should be on improving labour market outcomes of men and women, in urban and rural areas without increasing occupational segmentation<br />&nbsp;</li></ul><p>This briefing is based upon IRIBA working paper 5 &lsquo;The Impact of SENAI&rsquo;s Vocational Training Programme on Employment, Wages, and Mobility in Brazil: What lessons for Sub Saharan Africa?&rsquo; by Stephan Klasen and Carlos Villalobos Barr&iacute;a.</p><p>,</p>

19 Sep 2014 08:48:38 GMT

The impact of SENAI's vocational training programme on employment, wages, and mobility in Brazil: what lessons for Sub Saharan Africa?

<p>In Brazil, the National Service for Industrial Training (SENAI) has existed for decades as the main building block of the Brazilian S-system of vocational training. It is a private non-profit organisation, managed and led by industrial associations that have historically been considered the leading institution providing professional skills contributing to improve the school-to-work transition in Brazil.</p><p>This paper investigates to what extent the Brazilian SENAI system of vocational training could be a role model for easing the substantial challenges African countries face to tackle rising urbanisation, high youth unemployment, and a skills gap.<br /><br />First it discusses relevant featuresof the SENAI and associated training systems as they developed over time. The paper shows how the SENAI system offers opportunities for further training across the educational and race distribution as well as how the system does not appear to reach the poorest parts of the population and leaves women under represented.</p><p>It goes on to look at the returns of the SENAI and other training systems on labour market outcomes and find that the S-System promotes employment prospects for all groups and the wage premia are substantial for young males, but much lower for older workers, and very low for women. SENAI also appears to promote regional migration.</p>

19 Sep 2014 08:41:17 GMT

Impact of agricultural market information systems activities on market performance in Mozambique: Mozambique country report

<p>The objective of this paper is to analyse the impact of agricultural market information systems (MIS) activities on market performance in Mozambique.</p><p>The paper presumes that providing improved agricultural market information helps to link farmers to markets, a process that improves their welfare, and moves them to more efficient market outcomes. Consequently, it finds that holding other factors constant, reception of market information by staple crops farmers in Mozambique is associated with a higher probability of market participation of up to 34%. As a result, the document suggests that MIS is a socially profitable investment.</p><p>Based on its findings, the document highlights the following actions as suggested factors to increase reception of improved agricultural market information:</p><ul><li>the MIS provides information on major marketable staples</li><li>the MIS prioritises radio as its most important diffusion channel of market information</li><li>the MIS moves to include cell phones as an additional diffusion channel</li><li>the MIS considers farmer associations and farmer groups as an important MIS clientele</li><li>the MIS considers government and NGO extension staff as an important MIS clientele</li><li>information diffusion is focused in areas with potentially high supply response</li></ul><p>The author points that although some of these options may benefit more commercialised farmers, the options are to contribute to a dynamic rural economy and increased opportunities across broad spectrum of rural households.</p>

18 Sep 2014 19:39:29 GMT

Research briefing: Antipoverty transfers and inclusive growth in Brazil

<p>The evolution of antipoverty policy in Brazil suggests a shift in focus over time from the extension of social insurance to incorporate excluded sectors, to conventional social assistance directed at vulnerable groups, to human development focused income transfers. This research briefing looks at the evolution of social assistance in Brazil and possble relevance for African countries.</p><p>Key lessons:</p><ul><li>prioritising human development objectives within social assistance programmes has been vital. Bolsa Escola was stablished on the understanding that without strengthening human development, especially among children, income transfers are unlikely to have sustained effects on the targeted households. Social assistance has been designed to address the intergenerational persistence of poverty</li><li>Bolsa Fam&iacute;lia and the social pensions are more strongly productivist than most existing antipoverty transfer programmes in Africa. Assistance is provided to all households in poverty, not just those without it and this has boosted economic activity, particularly in rural areas</li></ul><p>This briefing is based upon an IRIBA working paper &lsquo;Antipoverty Transfers and Inclusive Growth in Brazil&rsquo; by Armando Barrientos, Dario Debowicz and Ingrid Woolard.</p>

18 Sep 2014 15:21:48 GMT

Antipoverty transfers and inclusive growth in Brazil

<p>Brazil&rsquo;s has attracted considerable attention among low and middle income countries for the way it has successfully combined economic and social policies to reduce poverty, inequality, and social exclusion. The emergence of large scale social assistance institutions addressing poverty and social exclusion is central to these achievements.</p><p>The paper examines the growth of antipoverty transfers in Brazil and their role in securing inclusive growth. Since the mid-1990s, the emergence of large scale programmes providing direct income transfers to household facing extreme poverty and vulnerability have provided a focus for poverty reduction strategies in Brazil. They include non-contributory pensions, like Previd&ecirc;ncia Social Rural and the Benef&iacute;cio de Presta&ccedil;&atilde; o Continuada, and human development conditional transfer programmes like Bolsa Escola and Bolsa Fam&iacute;lia.</p><p>Antipoverty transfers are credited with a sharp reduction in extreme poverty and with having contributed to a reduction in inequality and social exclusion. Arguably, they have also strengthened political support for pro-poor policies.</p><p>This paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the role of antipoverty transfers in securing inclusive growth. It examines their design, implementation, outcomes, and sustainability. It also sketches their potential relevance to African countries.</p>

18 Sep 2014 15:12:29 GMT

Research briefing: How EMBRAPA catalysed productivity gains in Brazil’s soybean and pulp and paper industries

<p>This briefing summarises the main results of an exploratory study on the role of indigenous institutional infrastructures (knowledge related institutions and government policies) in the accumulation of world-leading innovative capabilities (technological catch-up) in latecomer natural resource-related industries. These issues are examined from the perspective of the Brazilian Corporation for Agricultural Research&nbsp; (EMBRAPA) and Brazil&rsquo;s soybean and forestry-based pulp and paper industries.</p><p>Summary:</p><ul><li>Brazil&rsquo;s soybean and forestry-based pulp and paper industries have made world leading advances in innovation and productivity, catalysed by the innovative work of the government&rsquo;s agricultural research institute, EMBRAPA</li><li>an important feature of EMB RAPA&rsquo;s contribution to the innovative performance and competitiveness of both soybean and forestry-based pulp and paper sectors, is its application-oriented research, linked with industry demands</li><li>EMBRAPA&rsquo;s activities have increasingly been undertaken on the basis of a network involving extensive partnerships with other public and private research institutes and universities and companies</li><li>innovative activities that have generated a significant productivity increases are not solely the product of sophisticated R&amp;D efforts. The implementation of the zero-tillage (ZT) technology in Brazil&rsquo;s soybean industry is an example of effective creative imitation, coordinated by EMBRAPA</li></ul><p>This briefing is based upon IRIBA working paper 3, &lsquo;Technological Catch-up and Indigenous Institutional Infrastructures in Latecomer Natural Resource-related Industries: An Exploration of the Role of EMBRAPA in Brazil&rsquo;s Soybeans and Forestry-based Pulp and Paper Industries&rsquo;, by Paulo N. Figueiredo.</p>

18 Sep 2014 15:01:44 GMT

Technological catch-up and indigenous institutional infrastructures in latecomer natural resource-related industries: an exploration of the role of EMBRAPA in Brazil’s soybeans and forestry-based pulp and paper industries

<p>This article reports the results of an exploratory study on the role of indigenous institutional infrastructures in the accumulation of world-leading innovative capabilities (technological catch-up) in natural resource-related industries in the context of developing/emerging economies. These issues are examined from the perspective of the Brazilian Corporation for Agricultural Research (EMBRAPA) and Brazil&rsquo;s soybeans and forestry-based pulp and paper industries..</p><p>This article suggests that:</p><ul><li>EMBRAPA has been providing, in different ways, an effective contribution to technological catch-up and international competitiveness of these two industries over the past decades</li><li>one important aspect of EMBRAPA&rsquo;s effectiveness has been its research orientation to specific local needs and demands</li><li>however, the innovative process led by EMBRAPA is far from linear but based on systemic interactions with diverse components of the indigenous institutional infrastructure and industry partners</li><li>in the case of the soybeans industry, there is a growing need for EMBRAPA to work on the basis of networked partnerships, especially with subsidiaries of multinational enterprises (MNEs)</li><li>innovative activities that have been generating significant impact on productivity growth do not necessarily reflect only R&amp;D efforts, but effective creative imitation efforts</li></ul><p>Finally, the article challenges negative and pessimistic views on the contribution of natural resource-related industries to industrial development by demonstrating some benefits that can be achieved from efforts on consistent innovative activities in these industries. The emulation of Brazil&rsquo;s experience with innovation and competitiveness in the soybeans and forestry-based industries by African developing/emerging economies will depend on the manner in which they will develop their industry-level technological capabilities with systemic institutional infrastructures.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

18 Sep 2014 14:48:49 GMT

Research briefing: What explains the intensification and diversification of Brazil ́s agricultural production and exports?

<p>Since 2000, Brazilian agricultural production and exports have increased enormously. The production of crops rose by over 150%, while exports multiplied eightfold from 1990 to 2012.</p><p>The authors have undertaken new econometric analysis to understand the factors driving this growth and have found:</p><ul><li>Brazil is no longer predominantly an agricultural country, despite the fact that agriculture continues to represent around 5.2% of GDP and supports a diversified and fast-growing agribusiness sector which in turn amounts to 22.2% of GDP</li><li>agricultural and agro-industrial production and exports have increased and diversified simultaneously since the 1970s with the farming of new areas</li><li>the location of the fastest-growing farming areas shifted during 1970-1990 from the South and Southeast regions to the Central-West region. Since 2000 a new agricultural frontier has emerged in the Cerrado (savannah) areas bordering the states of Maranh&atilde;o, Tocantins, Piau&iacute; and Bahia (known as MATOPIBA)</li><li>global GDP growth and increased Brazilian agricultural and agro-processed production have been the main drivers of rising Brazilian agricultural and agro-industrial exports, rather than international prices. In the international market Brazil has taken over a share vacated by the USA and European Union countries</li></ul><p>Brazil does not have a predetermined &lsquo;model&rsquo; for intensifying its agricultural performance. Instead Brazil has adjusted its agricultural policies in response to the constraints and opportunities arising in both domestic and international markets, whil maximising the advantages it has in terms of agricultural land availability and a good climate.</p><p>This briefing is based upon an IRIBA working paper 2,What explains the intensification and diversification of Brazil ́s agricultural production and exports from 1990 to 2012? By Carlos Bacha and Leandro Vinicio de Carvalho</p>

18 Sep 2014 14:35:25 GMT

What explains the intensification and diversification of Brazil’s agricultural production and exports from 1990 to 2012?

<p>Agricultural and agro-industrial products typically make up one-third of Brazilian exports, and a wide range of products have been exported. Brazil continues to be the world&rsquo;s major coffee exporter, but more recently has also been among the top ten exporting countries of products such as soybeans, sugar, pulp, orange juice, and meat.</p><p>The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive explanation of the production and export intensification and diversification of the Brazilian agricultural sector in the period 1990-2012.&nbsp; The authors&#39; hypothesis is that Brazil does not have a predetermined &lsquo;model&rsquo; calibrated for success in international agricultural markets; rather, the country has altered its agricultural policies in a responsive manner reflecting constraints and opportunities arising in both domestic and international markets, and takingdvantage of Brazil&rsquo;s agricultural land availability and good climate for agriculture.<br /><br />The authors highlight the following:</p><ul><li>Brazil is no longer an agricultural country, despite the fact that agriculture continues to represent around 5.5% of GDP and supports a diversified and fast-growing agribusiness sector which in turn amounts to almost a quarter of GDP</li><li>agricultural and agro-industrial production and exports have increased and diversified simultaneously since the 1970s with the farming of new areas</li><li>the location of the fastest-growing farming areas shifted during 1970-1990 from the South and Southeast regions to the Central-West region. Since 2000 a new agricultural frontier has emerged in the Cerrado (savannah) areas bordering the states of Maranh&atilde;o, Tocantins, Piau&iacute; and Bahia (often referred to collectively by the acronyms MATOPIBA or BAMAPITO)</li><li>an econometric model of export supply, run using a 1991-2011 dataset, offers a number of insights. In particular, the world&rsquo;s overall GDP growth and Brazilian agricultural and agro-processed production have been the main drivers of Brazilian agricultural and agro-industrial exports, rather than international prices. Simultaneously, in the international market Brazil has taken over a share vacated by the USA and European Union countries</li></ul>

18 Sep 2014 14:26:28 GMT

Research briefing: transforming agriculture through productivity growth: lessons from Brazilian agricultural development

<p>The position of Brazilian agriculture as one of the breadbaskets of the world is quite remarkable given that just two decades ago this sector was marked instead by backwardness and inefficiencies. Although the details of how this transformation took place are specific to Brazil, the experience holds lessons for other developing countries seeking to make a similar transition.</p><p>Summary:</p><ul><li>prior to the mid-1990s Brazilian agriculture was highly dysfunctional and backward, in large part due to erratic government interventio</li><li>in the past two decades the agricultural sector in Brazil has achieved remarkable productivity growth making it one of the main producer and exporter of a long list of commodities</li><li>in many ways this transformation was not a smooth and controlled process, but rather one full of reversals and unintended consequences</li><li>the establishment of inclusive institutions in creating an appropriate business environment through rule of law, political openness and economic stability was essential for the change in investment and growth in agriculture</li><li>a key component of the rise in agricultural productivity has been technological research done by the governmental agricultural research institute EMBRAPA</li></ul><p>This briefing is based upon an IRIBA working paper, &#39;The Economics of the Brazilian Model of Agricultural Development&rsquo; by Bernardo Mueller and Charles Mueller.</p>

18 Sep 2014 14:08:37 GMT

The economics of the Brazilian model of agricultural development

<p>The success of Brazilian agriculture in increasing production and productivity in a relatively short period of time has attracted much attention to what policies and programmes have been behind this transformation.</p><p>This paper analyses the transformation of Brazilian agriculture from a backward and dysfunctional sector to one of the breadbaskets of the world, focusing on those elements that might carry over to other developing countries seeking to make a similar transition.</p><p>Today, Brazil is one of the major producers of a series of agricultural commodities, such as soybeans, sugar, orange juice, maize, cotton, chicken, meat and pigs, with strong participation in a long list of others. This has been achieved not by simply incorporating more land but by dramatic improvements in productivity, led by technological research that developed methods and inputs specifically suited to the country&rsquo;s conditions. Whereas the total area of land in agriculture has remained basically the same since the mid-seventies, production has increased by nearly 300%.</p>

18 Sep 2014 14:00:11 GMT

Unintended Pregnancy and Abortion in Burkina Faso: Causes and Consequences

<p>What are the numbers and circumstances of induced abortions and what are the consequences of unsafe abortions in Burkina Faso? This document provides estimates of the number and rate of induced abortions that occurred in Burkina Faso in 2008 and 2012, provides levels of unintended pregnancy and describes consequences of unsafe abortion.</p><p>In Burkina Faso induced abortions are only permitted if the life and health of a woman is at risk and in cases of rape, incest, and severe fetal impairment. As a result, most unintended abortions are done in secrecy to avoid social stigma. Such abortions are conducted under unsafe conditions which is a severe threat to women&rsquo;s health. Cultural, ethnic, religious and demographic factors influence sexual and reproductive behaviour. The numbers for induced abortion vary between urban and rural areas as the desired family size is considerably smaller in urban areas. It could also be observed that there are more induced abortions by younger and better educated women.</p><p>Some of the policy implications of the findings include:</p><ul><li>It is necessary to increase contraceptive use to avoid unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions</li><li>Family planning methods must be expanded and promoted by the country&rsquo;s primary health services</li><li>Special attention needs to be given to young and unmarried women who are disproportionately affected</li></ul>

18 Sep 2014 13:39:01 GMT

Effects of urbanization on economic growth and human capital formation in Africa

<p>Africa&rsquo;s population is expected to grow to 2.3 billion by 2050, of whom 60% will be urban. This urbanisation is an important challenge for the next few decades. According to several research papers and reports, Africa&rsquo;s urbanisation was, in contrast with most other regions in the world, not associated with economic growth in past decades.</p><p>The objective of this chapter is to investigate the impacts of urbanisation on human capital and economic growth in Africa. It seeks to contribute to the urbanisation&ndash;growth debate by investigating how urbanisation is linked to human capital accumulation and economic growth</p><p>More precisely, compared to previous studies on the urbanisation-growth nexus, it:</p><ul><li>focuses exclusively on African countries</li><li>considers both direct and indirect channels through which&nbsp;&nbsp; urbanisation may influence economic activity</li><li>examines a long period including the evolutions observed in recent years</li></ul><p>Empirical findings suggest several policy implications. Sub-Saharan Africa now has inadequate planning systems, planning laws and building standards, bureaucratized and inefficient land policy and a shortage of qualified and active planners. Urban policies need to be revised in depth to foster human capital. At least five topics should be considered: training and education for urban decision makers; location management and subsidies, development of secondary towns, data for urbanisation management, and management of the informal economy.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

18 Sep 2014 13:28:23 GMT

Topic guide: ecosystem services

<p>The purpose of this Topic Guide is to assemble a set of learning resources that will contribute to the development of the professional competence of DFID Advisers around the issue of ecosystem services and integrating this issue into project and programme design processes. The specific objectives are to:</p><ul><li>ensure that DFID Advisers fully understand the relationship between ecosystem services and the key sectors and policy areas in which DFID works; this will specifically involve understanding the value of these services, and their potential role in achieving sustainable poverty reduction</li><li>identify where and how ecosystem services could be affected (positively and negatively) by, or could affect (positively and negatively), activities in DFID core sectors</li><li>explore where and how an examination of ecosystem services can contribute to the development of stronger business cases and improved development outcomes</li><li>enable DFID Advisers (1) to provide operational advice on ecosystem services across a wide range of sectors and (2) to clearly articulate the benefits of examining ecosystem services &ndash; in a manner easily understood by those in other technical disciplines (this will involve, for example, clearly articulating the economic and social benefits)</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

18 Sep 2014 13:00:31 GMT

Abortion Laws and Sexual Violence

<p>When sexual violence results in pregnancy, women and girls must often face the risk of unsafe abortions and suffer severe mental and physical traumas in countries with restrictive abortion laws. This briefing paper from the Center for Reproductive Rights highlights the consequences sexual violence can have on women&rsquo;s physical and mental health.</p><p>The briefing paper provides an overview of abortion restrictions around the world. Sixty countries worldwide permit abortion without restriction as to reason. Other countries have different restrictions in place, such as permitting abortion if the life or health of the woman is at risk, based on socioeconomic grounds or when women fall pregnant after being raped.<br /><br />&nbsp;</p>

18 Sep 2014 11:51:45 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Ethiopia pilot fieldwork report

<p>To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. The research project that produced this pilot study report has been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.</p><p>A pilot case study was deliberately included in the research design to give an opportunity to &lsquo;road test&rsquo; the methodological approach of the project. Ethiopia was chosen as the location for the pilot as it was felt that the country incorporated elements of the three types of environment required in the ToRs:</p><ul><li>fragile and conflict affected states</li><li>low income countries with repeated and regular natural disaster</li><li>states with established DRM infrastructure</li></ul>

18 Sep 2014 11:18:22 GMT

Strategic research into national and local capacity building for disaster risk management: literature review version 1

<p>This literature review has been conducted by Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia as part of a multi-donor research project led by IFRC focusing on Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. The preliminary objective of the review is to identify the boundaries of what is known about capacity building for DRM, in order to use this knowledge as a foundation for designing the broader research project.</p><p>Although the review has been undertaken during the Inception Period for the research, the OPM team will continue to collect other relevant knowledge products during the course of the project and will release a Version 2 of this document prior to completion of the research in October 2015.</p>

18 Sep 2014 10:57:54 GMT

Health in the post-2015 Development Framework: How to meet the needs of the most marginalized and excluded

<p>What will be the global vision for health after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)? The International HIV/AIDS Alliance has engaged in the post-2015 consultations and civil society discussions to determine this vision. This policy briefing proposes a post-2015 health goal with targets in regard to universal health coverage (UHC), health outcomes and human rights, and HIV-related sub-targets. The International HIV/AIDS Alliance calls for an outcome-focused post-2015 health goal that addresses all aspects affecting health and wellbeing at all ages. Structural drivers of inequality are fundamental to this approach and it must be ensured that the most marginalised groups are not excluded. Measures are needed to tackle discrimination against people living with and affected by HIV, such as homosexual men, transgender people and sex workers.</p><p>The International HIV/AIDS Alliance stresses that the health goal should be measured through concrete targets related to access, financial risk protection, health outcomes, and human rights, with specific sub-targets for HIV and key populations. Human rights, equity and equality need to be at the centre of the post-2015 development framework. Furthermore, the role of communities and civil society is critical in holding governments and donors to account for achieving the health goal and must therefore be supported and strengthened.</p>

18 Sep 2014 10:27:06 GMT

What is the scope for increased fertilizer use in Kenya?

<p>Despite upward trends in fertiliser application rates on maize fields over the last twenty years, there remains a perception in Kenya that application rates are not high enough to reverse the country&rsquo;s growing national food deficit. This paper estimates the profitability of fertiliser application on maize fields in Kenya and compares it among observed fertiliser use patterns over time.</p><p>The paper notices that in an environment where the real prices of both fertiliser and maize have decreased since the late 1990s, relative input to output prices have stayed fairly constant over the survey years. However, it finds that households across Kenya have consistently and steadily adjusted their fertiliser use towards optimal application rates over time.</p><p>Still, the document notes that in the high potential maize and western transitional zones, households are applying fertiliser at optimal or slightly more than optimal levels. Yet, it underlines that expanding fertiliser use in these areas is not a profitable strategy unless coupled with complementary inputs and soil management practices.</p><p>Conclusions contain:</p><ul><li>the estimated total revenue added from fertiliser application has eroded over time</li><li>tremendous additional expansion of fertiliser application rates on maize in Kenya should not necessarily be sought after unless it is possible to raise the average physical response rates of maize to fertiliser</li></ul>

17 Sep 2014 20:56:07 GMT

Women will transform post-2015 development

<p>At the opening of the Global Power Women Network Africa M. Michel Sidib&eacute;, the Executive Director of UNAIDS, highlighted that there is considerable progress in the fight against HIV, but that women are still affected disproportionately. 60 percent of adults living with HIV in Africa are women. Especially young women are affected; 31 percent of all new HIV infections are in young women age 15 &ndash; 24. Sidib&eacute; stressed that one in eight new infections in women and girls are a result of intimate partner violence.</p><p>The meeting posed a good opportunity to take stock of progress toward the Millennium Development Goals and influence the debate on the post-2015 agenda. Sidib&eacute; called for a social revolution in order to empower girls to protect themselves from HIV by ensuring their access to information and education. The development agenda needs to encompass dignity and freedom for women and girls and there need to be equity, gender and human rights markers. Gender equality and sexual and reproductive health and rights are central to overcome AIDS.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Sep 2014 17:49:52 GMT

Food securities and social conflict

<p>Following rising food prices violent &lsquo;food riots&rsquo; took place in about 40 countries around the globe in 2007-2008. And at the end of 2010 and the start of 2011, as protests erupted first in Tunisia and then in Algeria, Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan and Egypt, the price of food was widely seen as a significant factor underlying unrest and the train of events of the Arab Spring. These developments have led to renewed interest among both scholars and policymakers in the role of food insecurity and food-price related grievances as catalysts for conflict.</p><p><br />This report, which is based on a desk review of current literature, discusses the relationship between failing food security and social unrest. It also provides a summary of developments related to global and local food security that have made the issue increasingly relevant and important. This includes an analysis of factors behind the food crisis such as<br />&bull; the new challenges presented by changing consumption patterns in developing countries<br />&bull; the rapidly growing expansion of biofuel production and competition for agricultural production capacity<br />&bull; the issue of food waste<br />&bull; the role of markets and the international food trade<br />&bull; the prospects and preconditions for further agricultural intensification and growth<br />&bull; the problems related to &lsquo;land grabs&rsquo; and land dispossessions in many developing countries.</p><p><br />Based on the review of literature as well as analysis of case material from the Middle East (Arab Spring) and Sahel (Sudan), one important conclusion to be drawn is that<br />&bull; civil conflict is rarely grounded in single grievances or simple causes but commonly represents the accumulation of a complex set of interrelated factors.</p><p><br />A growing body of research makes both direct and indirect links between food insecurity and conflict &ndash; as proxied by environmental scarcity or access to water resources.<br />&bull; Food insecurity can be a motivation for political mobilization as well as a risk multiplier, but the links are context-specific: they are contingent on existing political institutions, levels of economic development, social safety nets and demographic pressures; and the effects are played out in interaction with other conflict-promoting factors.</p><p><br />These general conclusions correspond to conclusions drawn in the literature with regard to the relationship between climate change and conflict.</p>

17 Sep 2014 17:05:42 GMT

Sexual and reproductive health and rights: a crucial agenda for the post-2015 framework

<p>Why must sexual and reproductive health and rights form essential priorities in the post-2015 framework? This report by the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) provides a global picture on access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and highlights implications for human development and economic growth. SRHR is directly related to girls&rsquo; education, future earnings and economic participation; SRHR is critical for the fulfilment of human rights related to sex, reproduction, family life, and economic and social participation.</p><p>The report sheds light on regional advocacy challenges and opportunities, stressing the importance of the topic in regard to the sustainable development goals. Furthermore, IPPF emphasises that it is fundamental for the new global development agenda to consider young people&rsquo;s voices and needs, such as youth-friendly reproductive health services, contraceptive commodity security, comprehensive sexuality education and the involvement of young people in policy making.</p><p>For the post-2015 framework, IPPF calls for:</p><ul><li>A stand-alone goal on gender equality, women&rsquo;s rights and women&rsquo;s empowerment. Including universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights, elimination of violence against women and girls, and gender-based violence, legal equality for women, and women&rsquo;s equal participation in public life and decision making.</li><li>Universal access to sexual and reproductive health and rights as a target under a goal on health. Supplemented by an ask for sexual and reproductive health services to be explicitly included in the essential package of services under Universal Health Coverage.</li><li>Gender equality and sexual and reproductive health and rights to be mainstreamed through all other goals. All other goals to have specific targets that support sexual and reproductive health and rights and gender equality.</li><li>All targets and indicators to be disaggregated by age, sex, educational background, economic quintile, geographic region, ethnic group and other relevant characteristics. Good governance and strong accountability systems must underpin these goals, alongside sufficient resourcing for achieving the goals.</li></ul>

17 Sep 2014 16:55:39 GMT

Island innovations – UNDP and GEF: Leveraging the Environment for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States

<p>This publication showcases some of the most successful approaches and achievements emerging from Small Island Developing States (SIDS), as the world discusses a set of new sustainable development goals for the post-2015 period. This projects focus on a range of actions, including conservation and sustainable use of critical marine and coastal resources, climate change mitigation, adaptation efforts and more. For example, in Vanuatu, UNDP-GEF has helped the country to embrace sustainable land management techniques that protect the environment and strengthen customary and traditional knowledge and approaches. In the Caribbean, integrating Watershed and coastal management helped 13 Caribbean SIDS protect scarce water resources. A combination of community and household water tanks in Pa Enua, Cook Islands, helped increase water supply to counter climate-induced disturbances.</p>

17 Sep 2014 14:03:06 GMT

Safeguards in bilateral REDD+ finance

<p>This report is the second in a series related to the implementation of safeguards in bilateral agreements. Given that much of the finance for REDD-related initiatives pledged so far has come from bilateral donors, this document is a compilation of papers focused on these donors and their implementation of REDD+ safeguards. This report addresses three key issues:&nbsp;1. REDD+ safeguards and results-based payments; 2. Monitoring and Evaluation of REDD+ Safeguard implementation; and 3. REDD+ safeguards and donor coordination.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:55:50 GMT

Climate change, conflict, and cooperation: global analysis of the resilience of international river treaties to increased water variability

<p>This paper focuses on water variability which is predicted to increase due to climate change. It highlights that such environmental changes may aggravate political tensions, especially in regions that are not equipped with an appropriate institutional apparatus.</p><p>This paper argues that the best attempts to assess the ability of states to deal with water variability in the future rest with considering how agreements have fared in the past. The paper investigates to what extent particular mechanisms and institutional designs help mitigate inter-country tensions over shared water. The study&rsquo;s findings suggest that country dyads governed by treaties with water allocation mechanisms exhibiting both flexibility and specificity evince more co-operative behaviour. Country dyads governed by treaties with a larger sum of institutional mechanisms likewise evince a higher level of cooperation, although certain institutional mechanisms are more important than others.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:50:08 GMT

Environmental migration and labor markets in Nepal

<p>This discussion paper focuses on how migration impacts the labour markets of receiving communities in developing countries.&nbsp;</p><p>It investigates the impact of weather-driven internal migration on labour markets in a post-conflict country, Nepal, using household survey data in 2003 and 2010. In this period, 3 per cent of individuals moved out of their district of origin during the four years preceding each survey round. The researchers found that prevailing environmental and conflict factors entice workers with positively selected attributes (such as education and skill) to migrate. Marked skill differences between migrants and the native population render wage effects in the formal sector: an increase of 1 percentage point in migration reduces wages in the formal sector by 4.8 percentage points. The absence of wage effects in the informal sector is consistent with the exit of low-skilled native workers from the labour market.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:40:43 GMT

Barriers in developing national mitigation strategies and actions in developing countries: lessons learned from the UNDP’s Low Emission Capacity Building Programme

<p>The Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme currently supports 25 countries. Its aim is to help these developing nations build the public- and private-sector capacities needed to scale up country-driven climate-change mitigation actions, mainly by providing focus in five areas: GHG Inventory Systems; Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS); Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs); Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems; and strategies for including the private sector.</p><p>The objective of this study is to identify barriers to the design and implementation of LEDS and NAMAs in countries participating in the LECB Programme. It also aims to provide some guidance on overcoming these barriers, based on experience gained to date. Likely target audiences include climate-change mitigation practitioners, possible financing organisations and international institutions working on capacity building and the design and implementation of mitigation programmes in developing countries. The study may also be of interest to climate-change negotiators.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:32:31 GMT

The Vulnerability Sourcebook: concept and guidelines for standardised vulnerability assessments

<p>The Vulnerability Sourcebook sourcebook provides a standardised approach to vulnerability assessments covering a broad range of sectors and topics (e.g. water sector, agriculture, fisheries, different ecosystems) as well as different spatial levels (community, sub-national, national) and time horizons (e.g. current vulnerability or vulnerability in the medium- to long-term). It refers to vulnerability as &lsquo;the degree to which a system is susceptible to, and unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes. Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity.&rsquo; Based on this definition, the Vulnerability Sourcebook distinguishes between and assesses four key components that determine whether, and to what extent, a system is susceptible to climate change: exposure, sensitivity, potential impact and adaptive capacity.</p>

17 Sep 2014 13:19:24 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

The 2014 Forum will examine the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

OECD-CPI Dialogue: Improving Transparency and Accountability through Improved Tracking of Climate Finance Flows

The OECD and CPI organised a Dialogue on "Improving Transparency and Accountability through Improved Tracking of Climate Finance Flows" on 22 September in New York.

Mon, 22 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

All issues of the OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:07:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Green growth indicators

Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the different factors that affect green growth, and appropriate information is needed to monitor progress and measure results.

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:29:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

Greener Skills and Jobs

The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This paper suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD ProgBlog - Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform

The GGKP has been developed in partnership between the GGGI, the OECD, UNEP, and the World Bank, to help address major knowledge gaps in green growth theory and practice, and to help countries design and implement green growth policy.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

Green Jobs

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

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OECD at the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this years WTO Forum fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 08:39:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) Market Monitor, June 2013

Early indications for world wheat, maize and rice production in 2013 point to record levels and an overall increase in supplies in the new 2013/14 marketing season.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 13:44:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Niger: Consultancy - Child Protection Needs Assessment (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: NigerClosing date: 04 Oct 2014Save the Children is the world's leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children's lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and child rights, also in times of humanitarian crises.Following a major transition, our international programmes are now delivered through

Sat, 20 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development Technical Specialist, Tajikistan

Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total revenues of $173 million. &nbsp; Market Development Technical Specialist,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Capacity Development Specialist, South Africa

Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total revenues of $173 million. &nbsp; Capacity Development Specialist, South

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Entrepreneurship Specialist and Private Sector Liaison, South Africa

Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total revenues of $173 million. &nbsp; Entrepreneurship Specialist and Private

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Research internship

Civil society is &lsquo;us&rsquo; &ndash; citizens coming together to improve the world. From small grassroots&nbsp; groups to large international&nbsp; charities, informal people&rsquo;s&nbsp; movements to faith groups,&nbsp; unions to social enterprise,&nbsp; INTRAC has, since 1991, helped civil society around the world become more effective by holistically carrying out capacity building and training, research and knowledge sharing, and organisational development and consulting. We are looking for a research intern for a period of three to four months, on a part-time (minimum 3 days per week)

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Fund Officer- START Network (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the Children UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 21 Sep 2014The Start Network is a consortium of 19 leading humanitarian NGOs (ActionAid, Action Against Hunger, Cafod, CARE, Christian Aid, Concern, Handicap International UK, Helpage, IMC, IRC, Islamic Relief, Muslim Aid, Oxfam, Plan, Relief International, Save the Children, Tearfund, World Vision and War Child). The members stand for the creation of a humanitarian sector that can meet the needs of crisis-affected people in a future of great uncertainty and complexity. They collaborate

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Finance and Administration Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: DanChurchAidCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 09 Oct 2014DanChurchAid (DCA) is currently looking for a Finance and Administration manager (FAM) for a Humanitarian Mine Action programme in Bukavu, DR Congo. DCA is offering a job that will make a difference and improve the lives of people living at risk from Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and assist in the reconstruction of local communities after conflict.The FAM will refer to an International Programme Manager, and have the following overall responsibilities:FinanceEnsure that the programme expenditures

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: FIELD MANAGER Awerial (South Sudan) Ref. 42/14-15 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam IntermónCountry: South SudanClosing date: 30 Sep 2014At Oxfam Intermon, we are people who believe in justice and solidarity, and work to change the world. We are acting in a comprehensive way in around fifty countries of Africa, Latin America and Asia, working on more than 500 development and humanitarian action projects, we promote fair trade and social awareness and mobilization campaigns.Under the hierarchical supervision of the Emergency Manager, Field Manager provides overall management to Oxfam operation in the project and fills the role of head of the base; co-ordinating

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Education Programme Manager, Myanmar (source: Relief Web)

Country: MyanmarClosing date: 05 Oct 2014About VSOVSO is the world’s leading independent international development organisation that works through volunteers to fight poverty in developing countries. Our high-impact approach brings people together to share skills, build capabilities, promote international understanding and action to change lives and make the world a fairer place.Role overviewThe Myanmar VSO Education programme is currently under development but will involve engagement and support to the government education sector as well as civil society, and education provision to particularly

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Administrator / Logistician – Dohuk, Iraq (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: IraqClosing date: 08 Oct 2014NGO PRESENTATIONHandicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Switzerland: Consultancy - Creation of a Shelter Coordinator Toolkit / Geneva (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: SwitzerlandClosing date: 30 Sep 2014INTERNATIONAL CALL FOR TENDERT/99BSX/71H/PPC/ShelterTech_WG/****GENEVA****/****22-09-2014****/004ACTED is inviting individual consultants and consultancy firms to submit offers for the following services:Consultancy services forCreation of a Technical Coordination Toolkit (see the attached Terms of reference)The tender will be conducted using ACTED standard bidding documents, open to all qualified suppliers and service providers. The Bidding Documents (in English or French) may

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Economics and public finance expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GRM InternationalClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Economics and public finance expertWe are looking for an Economics and public finance expert to provide advisory services to the EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social Transfers project.Project Description:The overall objective of the project of which this contract will be a part is to increase the impact, quality, sustainability and coverage of public transfers to address food insecurity in partner countries and promote their orientation towards social transfers scope ensuring sensitivity to food and nutrition security needs.Capacities

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Social transfers and agriculture expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GRM InternationalClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Social transfers and agriculture expertWe are looking for a Social transfers and agriculture expert to provide advisory services to the EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social Transfers project.**Project Description:**The overall objective of the project of which this contract will be a part is to increase the impact, quality, sustainability and coverage of public transfers to address food insecurity in partner countries and promote their orientation towards social transfers scope ensuring sensitivity to food and nutrition

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Social transfers and post-crises expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GRM InternationalClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Social transfers and post-crises expertWe are looking for a Social transfers and post-crises expert to provide advisory services to the EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social Transfers project.**Project Description:**The overall objective of the project of which this contract will be a part is to increase the impact, quality, sustainability and coverage of public transfers to address food insecurity in partner countries and promote their orientation towards social transfers scope ensuring sensitivity to food and nutrition

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Team Leader- EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social Transfers (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GRM InternationalClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Team Leader- EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social TransfersWe are looking for a Team Leader to provide advisory services, overall coordination and quality insurance of the EC Technical and Advisory Services for Social Transfers project.Project Description:The overall objective of the project of which this contract will be a part is to increase the impact, quality, sustainability and coverage of public transfers to address food insecurity in partner countries and promote their orientation towards social transfers scope ensuring

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chief of Operations, P-5, Harare (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundClosing date: 26 Sep 2014Purpose of the PositionAs the head of operations of a medium-sized office, the incumbent will be accountable for management of cost effective, efficient and secure operations, in support of management, administration and implementation of the country programmes, consistent with operations of all other country offices in the Region in accordance with strategy, plans and decisions made by Regional Management Team and Country Programme Management Teams.The incumbent will also provide leadership and guidance in operations to a gender-balanced,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: KenyaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Title:Monitoring and Evaluation SpecialistType of Contract &amp; Duration:Temporary Appointment (TA), 1 yearPost level: P-4Duty Station: Nairobi, KenyaPURPOSE OF THE ASSIGNMENTUnder the supervision of the Director - Global Innovation Center, the incumbent will assist in all monitoring and evaluation and donor reporting related efforts, responsible for identification, planning and implementation of policies, strategies and activities in M&amp;E for programs carried out by the Global Innovation Centre. The

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Consultant - Final Evaluation (Uganda) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International AlertCountry: UgandaClosing date: 25 Sep 2014This is a short-term consultancy for October and November 2014We’re looking for someone with strong evaluation experience and expertise in business and private sector approaches in peacebuilding, to carry out a final evaluation of an Alert project in Uganda. You will work with International Alert’s project team to design and implement the evaluation, and prepare the final report, over a total duration of approximately 20-25 days including fieldwork in Uganda. Please see the evaluation terms of reference for more details.Skills

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Netherlands: Researcher Conflict Prevention Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The Hague Institute for Global JusticeCountry: NetherlandsClosing date: 10 Oct 2014The Conflict Prevention ProgramThe Conflict Prevention Program addresses conflict prevention in its broadest sense, as a variety of activities aimed at preventing the initial outbreak, spread, escalation and recurrence of violent conflict.The Researcher will be assigned mainly to two new projects under the themes of Institutions and Governance, and Education.Duties and responsibilities:· Conducting research on topics falling within the Conflict Prevention Program, with particular focus

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Netherlands: Senior Researcher Conflict Prevention Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The Hague Institute for Global JusticeCountry: NetherlandsClosing date: 10 Oct 2014The Conflict Prevention ProgramThe Conflict Prevention Program addresses conflict prevention in its broadest sense, as a variety of activities aimed at preventing the initial outbreak, spread, escalation and recurrence of violent conflict.The Senior Researcher will be assigned mainly to two new projects under the themes of Institutions and Governance, and Education.Duties and responsibilities· Conducting policy relevant original research on topics falling within the Conflict Prevention

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: AN EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM MANAGER - IRAQ (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: IraqClosing date: 15 Oct 2014We are looking for:AN EMERGENCY FOOD ASSISTANCE PROGRAM MANAGERCountry:Kurdistan Regional Government / Iraq based in Dohuk.Length of Contract : 3 months starting from the 25th of SeptemberGeneral objective : Implement the emergency food assistance projects for IDPs in camps and Host Communities in conformity with overarching strategy and the standards set internationally, by ACF and by national policiesResponsibilities:Contribute to deliberations on strategy and the positioning of the FSL DepartmentIdentify

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Madagascar: UN RESPONSABLE DE DEPARTEMENT EAU, ASSAINISSEMENT ET HYGIENE (H/F) - MADAGASCAR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: MadagascarClosing date: 15 Oct 2014Nous recherchons :UN RESPONSABLE DE DEPARTEMENT EAU, ASSAINISSEMENT ET HYGIENE (H/F)Pays d’affectation :Madagascar - AntananarivoDurée du contrat: 6 mois (renouvelable) à partir du 15 octobre 2014Responsabilités:Garantir la qualité, la pertinence et la mise à l’échelle de la stratégie et des interventions EAH sur la mission, dans le respect des standards ACF et internationaux et des politiques nationales :Contribuer à la définition de la stratégie pays et des positionnements du département technique EAH

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Research Fellow/Senior Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

Job Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as a Research Fellow or Senior Research Fellow for a three-year, fixed term, renewable appointment in its Poverty Health and Nutrition Division (PHND). The Research Fellow or Senior Research Fellow will conduct research in applied microeconomics and impact evaluation, will help design and manage research projects and will contribute to fundraising within the Division.  This position is based at IFPRI headquarters located in Washington, D.C.  Grade level will be determined by demonstrated

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: UN RESPONSABLE DE DEPARTEMENT SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F) - RCA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 15 Oct 2014Nous recherchons :UN RESPONSABLE DE DEPARTEMENT SECURITE ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F)Pays d’affectation:République Centrafricaine - BanguiDurée du contrat: 6 mois (possibilité de renouvellement de 6 mois) à partir du 1 octobre 2014Responsabilités: Garantir la qualité, la pertinence et l’innovation technique de la stratégie et des interventions en Sécurité Alimentaire et Moyens d’Existence (SAME) sur la mission, dans le respect des standards ACF et internationaux et des politiques

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mongolia: A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - MONGOLIA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: MongoliaClosing date: 15 Oct 2014We are looking for:A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENTCountry:MONGOLIA – Ulan BatorLength of Contract: 6,5 months from October, the 15thObjectives of the post:To guarantee the quality, relevance and scaling of WASH strategy and interventions at the mission, in conformity with ACF and international standards and national policiesResponsibilities:Ø Contribute to defining the country strategy as well as the strategy and positioning of the WASH technical departmentØ Coordinate the identification

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: UN REFERENT SECTEUR NUTRITION-SANTE (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Mission: Sous la responsabilité du Directeur du département Scientifique &amp; Technique, le référent secteur Nutrition-santé aura pour objectif de garantir une cohérence d’ensemble de la filière Nutrition-Santé et d’assurer le développement technique de celle-ci. Plus précisément il sera en charge des missions suivantes :1. Animer et coordonner les activités du pôle Nutrition-Santé en accompagnant la stratégie d’intervention pour la Nutrition et la Santé (en lien avec les équipes ACFIN et les partenaires extérieurs,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: UN RESPONSABLE DE DÉPARTEMENT SÉCURITE ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F) - TCHAD (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: ChadClosing date: 30 Oct 2014Nous recherchons :UN RESPONSABLE DE DÉPARTEMENT SÉCURITE ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F)Pays d’affectation :Tchad - N’DjamenaDurée du contrat: 12 mois à partir du 20 Décembre 2014Responsabilités:Garantir la qualité, la pertinence et l’innovation technique de la stratégie et des interventions SAME sur la mission, dans le respect des standards ACF et internationaux et des politiques nationales :Contribuer à la définition de la stratégie pays et des positionnements du département technique SAMECoordonner

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Project Manager/ Political Party Capacity Building Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Electoral Reform International ServicesCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 26 Sep 2014ERIS are recruiting for a Project Manager/ Political Party Capacity-Building Expert to lead on a project, aimed at enhancing and developing the particular skills, networks, structures and approaches that ethnic political parties could use to engage meaningfully in Myanmar’s peace process and in politics at their local level.This project will be led by Electoral Reform International Services (ERIS), in partnership with Democracy Reporting International

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

2 Advocacy and Research Fellows (unpaid) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Advocates for Human DignityClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Advocates for Human Dignity was founded in an effort to promote awareness for the violation of basic human rights, the promotion of educational efforts to bring human rights issues to a larger audience, the promotion of a peaceful dialogue regarding human rights issues and the organizing of support efforts to help those in need.The fellowship will be held remotely. Unfortunately AHD is not in a position to provide remuneration of any kind. This fellowship is unpaid.The fellow will solely research and write on trends in international

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: AN EMERGENCY WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE PROGRAM MANAGER - IRAQ (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: IraqClosing date: 15 Oct 2014We are looking for:AN EMERGENCY WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE PROGRAM MANAGERCountry:Kurdistan Regional Government / Iraq based in Dohuk.Length of Contract : 3 months starting from the 20th of SeptemberGeneral objective: Identify and implement WASH activities which are appropriate and comprehensive for the target population, considering the situational context of emergency, in conformity with overarching strategy and international standards, ACF and national policiesResponsibilities :Contribute to deliberations

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: UN VOLTIGEUR SÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F) - DIVERS (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 15 Oct 2014Nous recherchons pour le département :UN VOLTIGEUR SÉCURITÉ ALIMENTAIRE ET MOYENS D’EXISTENCE (H/F)Basé à Paris 17èmePays d’affectation:DiversDurée du contrat: 12 moisFinalité du poste :Coordonner les programmes de Sécurité Alimentaire et Moyens d’existence (SAME) sur des missions courtes.Responsabilités:Le Voltigeur Coordinateur SAME est mobilisable pour les missions suivantes :Missions courtes d’intérim d’une durée de 2 à 3 mois sur des postes de coordinateursPostes de Responsables de Programmes

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Executive Assistant, CEO and Senior VP, International Programs (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan USACountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 19 Oct 2014****Job Summary****The Executive Assistant (EA) is responsible for providing primary high-level administrative support to the CEO, the CEO's Office and the Senior VP of International Programs. S/he may lead project work as it relates to the work of the CEO. The Executive Assistant will play a critical role in ensuring smooth day-to-day operations for the CEO, Senior VP and other Executive Team members, as needed.Main Responsibilities of the JobExecutive Management SupportPerforms a variety of administrative

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

India: Principal Coordinator - Outreach and Partnerships (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AmnestyCountry: IndiaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Principal Coordinator- Outreach and PartnershipsAmnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning global movement of over three million people committed to campaigning and action to improve human rights standards enshrined in the Indian Constitution and International Law. As an independent and impartial organization driven by accurate and timely research, Amnesty has been at the forefront of defending those who are denied their rights. Amnesty International works to promote international justice, cooperation and dialogue.Position

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

Job Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as an Associate Research Fellow for a two-year, fixed term, renewable appointment in its Poverty Health and Nutrition Division (PHND). The Associate Research Fellow will conduct research in applied microeconomics and impact evaluation.  This position is based at IFPRI headquarters located in Washington, D.C.  PHND’s dynamic research programs combine state-of-the-art empirical work, partnerships with developed and developing country researchers and policy dialogue with senior government

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mexico: Project Manager, Civil Society Advocacy and Campaigning (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Institute for War and Peace ReportingCountry: MexicoClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Summary:IWPR's Mexico City office is seeking a highly motivated, energetic and creative project manager to take overall responsibility for the delivery and success of activities on a new project that seeks to enable civil society groups in Latin America and the Caribbean develop and implement communications plans which better transmit their messages to target audiences.Project Description:Democracy, Leadership and Communication: Building the Capacity of Civil Society to Communicate, Advocate and

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE FLYING TECHNICAL SUPPORT - AFGHANISTAN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 30 Oct 2014We are looking for: A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE FLYING TECHNICAL SUPPORTCountry:AFGHANISTAN – Kabul (Regular trip in the field)Length of Contract: 5 monthsGeneral objective:Coach WASH managers in technical and managerial aspects of their positionResponsibilities:On the job training and development of WASH managers’ skills in strategy and positioning of the WASH department-Reinforcement of the capacities of the managers on the analysis of the humanitarian situationCoaching of the managers in

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Canada: Program Manager (French) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan CanadaCountry: CanadaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Program ManagerStatus: Full-Time PermanentDepartment: ProgramsReports To: Senior Program ManagerCompensation Band: 3AOverall Responsibility: Reporting to the Senior Program Manager within the Program Management &amp; Compliance team, the Program Manager will manage a portfolio of grants, mainly in Africa, to ensure effective management and quality implementation.Specific ResponsibilitiesThe position will be based in either the Toronto or Ottawa office of Plan Canada and requires travel to Plan field offices (up

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Malaysia: Grants and Contracts Administrator - Alliance for Financial Inclusion - Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Alliance for Financial InclusionCountry: MalaysiaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014The Grants and Contracts Administrator is a member if AFI’s Operations team and will report to the Chief Accountant. S/he is responsible for the independent administration of all new and active grants made by AFI and provides support to finance and accounting staff on the processing and ongoing administration of contracts and event sponsorships. This role is responsible for documenting and ensuring adherence to all grant and contract policies, processes and systems to ensure compliance, efficiency and effectiveness

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Canada: Translator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan CanadaCountry: CanadaClosing date: 01 Oct 2014TRANSLATORStatus: Full-Time PermanentDepartment: Program Management and ComplianceReports To: Program ManagerCompensation Band: 2AThe Translator is part of a cross functional team responsible for quality translation of complex multi-million dollar grant proposals and donor reports.The Translator’s role will be to provide translation and proof reading for all documentation ranging from expression of interests to large technical proposals (English/French as well as French/English).• Translate, edit and proofread a

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Malaysia: Director of Finance and Administration - Alliance for Financial Inclusion - Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Alliance for Financial InclusionCountry: MalaysiaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014The Director of Finance and Administration will report to the COO of AFI. The incumbent will lead a team that runs all administrative and financial operations for AFI and provide all aspects of financial support during the transition to AFI’s new headquarters in Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia).He/she will work very close together with his/her team on finances and contracting, accounting, reporting, controlling, grants making/taking, co-financing opportunities by different international donors, sponsorships to

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Deputy Country Director - Field Support Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 18 Oct 2014Action Contre la Faim (ACF-France) has been conducting humanitarian programs in Somalia from May 1992. Currently, ACF is conducting its humanitarian activities in Somalia focused on severe and moderate malnutrition, medical programs, resilience, and water &amp; sanitation programs via program bases in Mogadishu (since 1995), El Berde (since 2012) and Eyl-(Puntland(since 2014). ACF Somalia is currently looking for suitable Somali National to fill the position of Deputy Country Director-Field Support which will be based

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: Técnico de Logística para el proyecto de “Preparación para Respuestas a desastres” (Logistics Officer ) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The International and Ibero-American Foundation for Administration and Public Policies (FIIAPP)Country: SpainClosing date: 05 Oct 2014La Fundación Internacional para Iberoamerica de Administración y Políticas Públicas (FIIAPP) requiere la contratación de un Técnico de Logística para el proyecto de “Preparación para Respuestas a desastres” que se ejecuta en colaboración con la Agencia de Cooperación Internacional al Desarrollo.Objetivo del ProyectoReforzar la preparación para respuesta a desastres del Ministerio de Salud (DoH) de Filipinas mediante la formación y acompañamiento,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mexico: Project Manager, Organizational Capacity Building (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Institute for War and Peace ReportingCountry: MexicoClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Summary:Subject to final confirmation of project funding, IWPR's Mexico City office is seeking a Project Manager to take overall responsibility for the delivery and success of activities on a new project which seeks to build organisational capacity for news and information providers in Latin America and the Caribbean.Project Summary:The Professionalization and Better Management of Independent News Providers project has the overall objective of improving the planning, management and organizational

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mozambique: Program Consultant - Mozambique (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World RenewCountry: MozambiqueClosing date: 13 Oct 2014World Renew, an agency of the Christian Reformed Church in North America (CRCNA), has a full time opening for a Program Consultant in Mozambique&#42;. &#42;Please note that the position incumbent will operate out of the regional office in Malawi with travel to Mozambique. We require someone who has a proven track record in partner consultations on program quality, implementation and management, as well as organizational governance and resource development experience. This position will also contribute to World Renew’s constituency

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Medical Officer, Medical Abortion - Concept Foundation - Geneva, Switzerland (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Concept Foundation Location:&nbsp; Geneva, Switzerland Application Deadline (optional):&nbsp; October 30, 2014 Concept Foundation, Geneva, is looking for a suitable candidate for the following two-year assignment:&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Medical Officer, Medical Abortion Position:

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Editor - CSO Sustainability Index (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Center for Not-for-Profit LawCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law (ICNL) is seeking a part-time consultant to serve as an Editor for the CSO Sustainability Index.ICNL works to achieve legal environments that strengthen civil society, advance the freedoms of association and assembly, foster philanthropy, and enable public participation around the world. ICNL works with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Management Systems International, Inc. to produce a number

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Economic Strengthening Technical Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: UgandaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: October 1, 2014.The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, the IRC restores safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Egypt: Environmental planner - EGYPT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AgriconsultingCountry: EgyptClosing date: 05 Oct 2014Agriconsulting is looking for a Environmental Planner for the EU funded project “Technical Assistance for the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Strategy in Egypt”.Qualifications and skills– University degree in Water Resources, Water Engineering or a related and relevant field, preferably at Master's level.– Additional advanced professional qualification is an asset.– He/she shall be proficient in English.– Good knowledge of Arabic would be an asset.– Experience to work and dialogue with Government executive officers

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Country Director in Democratic Republic of the Congo (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 15 Oct 2014People in Need offers the position ofCountry Director in Democratic Republic of CongoPeople in Need (PIN) has been working in South Kivu province, Democratic Republic of Congo since 2009 (for more details see www.peopleinneed.cz). In response to the immediate needs in a post-conflict environment, PIN started with implementation of programmes focused on access to primary health care, improved access to and quality of primary education, support to victims of sexual violence and assistance to vulnerable

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Senior Manager Programme Support Services (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TrócaireCountry: KenyaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Job Title Senior Manager Programme Support ServicesReference 13-ID-046Location Nairobi Based (with frequent travel to Gedo, Mandera and Mogadishuas security allows)Department Trócaire Somalia Country OfficeDescription of department: The Trócaire Somalia programme has its head office in Nairobi. The programme is focused on Gedo Region of Somalia and has field bases located in Mandera in Northern Kenya, Luuq and Dollow.Main Purpose of Role Reporting to the Country Director, the successful candidate will be part of the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Egypt: Team Leader Integrated Coastal Zone Management - EGYPT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AgriconsultingCountry: EgyptClosing date: 05 Oct 2014Agriconsulting is looking for a Team Leader for the EU funded project “Technical Assistance for the Integrated Coastal Zone Management Strategy in Egypt”.Qualifications and skills required– University degree in a relevant discipline (coastal, marine or environmental engineering or relevant) , preferably at Master's level;– Chartered planner and negotiations’ professional is an asset.– Fluency in written and spoken English– Knowledge of Arabic would be an additional advantage.– Project management experience – leading

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Senior Protection and Advocacy Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: IraqClosing date: 18 Nov 2014The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the way from harm to home.SCOPE OF WORK: The Senior

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Belgium: Accountant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Search for Common GroundCountry: BelgiumClosing date: 10 Oct 2014The OrganizationSearch for Common Ground (SFCG) is an international non-profit organization that promotes peaceful resolution of conflict. With headquarters in Washington, DC and Brussels, Belgium, SFCG’s mission is to transform how individuals, organizations, and governments deal with conflict - away from adversarial approaches and toward cooperative solutions. SFCG seeks to help conflicting parties understand their differences and act on their commonalities. With a total of approximately 500 staff worldwide,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Environmental Health (WASH) Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Medical Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Physician (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Psychologist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Coalition PLUS recrute son/sa chargé/e de plaidoyer au Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Coalition PLUSCountry: MaliClosing date: 12 Oct 2014Descriptif du posteMise en oeuvre du plaidoyer de Coalition PLUS déconcentré au Mali, visant des objectifs nationaux et internationaux. Le chargé de plaidoyer a pour mission de mettre en œuvre le plan d’action de plaidoyer de Coalition PLUS dans le pays ayant pour objectif d’améliorer la réponse à VIH/sida en œuvrant aux niveaux national et international. Il contribue au développement et à la professionnalisation du plaidoyer dans la structure et joue un rôle central dans l’exécution des activités de plaidoyer auprès de tous

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Registered Nurse (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mauritius: Coalition PLUS recrute son/sa chargé/e de plaidoyer à l’ile Maurice (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Coalition PLUSCountry: MauritiusClosing date: 12 Oct 2014Descriptif du posteMise en oeuvre du plaidoyer de Coalition PLUS déconcentré a l’ile Maurice visant des objectifs nationaux et internationaux.Le chargé de plaidoyer a pour mission de mettre en œuvre le plan d’action de plaidoyer de PLUS dans le pays ayant pour objectif d’améliorer la réponse à VIH/sida en œuvrant aux niveaux national et international. Il contribue au développement et à la professionnalisation du plaidoyer dans la structure et joue un rôle central dans l’exécution des activités de plaidoyer auprès de

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Morocco: Coalition PLUS recrute son-sa chargé-e de plaidoyer au Maroc (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Coalition PLUSCountry: MoroccoClosing date: 12 Oct 2014Mise en oeuvre du plaidoyer de Coalition PLUS déconcentré au Maroc, visant des objectifs nationaux et internationaux : le chargé de plaidoyer a pour mission de mettre en œuvre le plan d’action de plaidoyer de PLUS dans le pays ayant pour objectif d’améliorer la réponse à VIH/sida en œuvrant aux niveaux national et international. Il contribue au développement et à la professionnalisation du plaidoyer dans la structure et joue un rôle central dans l’exécution des activités de plaidoyer auprès de tous les acteurs ayant une influence

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Operations Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: LebanonClosing date: 13 Oct 2014NGO PRESENTATIONHandicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Environmental Health (WASH) Manger (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Senior Health Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 18 Nov 2014Application deadline: Friday, September 26, 2014Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Early applications encouraged!The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nigeria: Head of Health and Nutrition (Nationals) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: NigeriaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014The purpose of the role is to lead a team of experts for the strategic design and development of Save the Children’s health and nutrition approaches that support the acceleration of child survival work in the Nigeria country programme. Engage routine and strategic partners within the framework of Save the Children’s global Health and Nutrition strategy and applying the theory of change; and think through the focus and package of approaches and interventions along the continuum of maternal, newborn and child health linked

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Honduras: Chief of Party, Honduras (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ACDI/VOCACountry: HondurasClosing date: 19 Oct 2014Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has 60 projects in 30 countries and revenues of approximately

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

India: Outreach Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AmnestyCountry: IndiaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Outreach CoordinatorsAmnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning global movement of over three million people committed to campaigning and action to improve human rights standards enshrined in the Indian Constitution and International Law. As an independent and impartial organization driven by accurate and timely research, Amnesty has been at the forefront of defending those who are denied their rights. Amnesty International works to promote international justice, cooperation and dialogue.Position Purpose:The purpose

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Stabilisation Monitoring &amp; Verification Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalClosing date: 04 Oct 2014Position: Stabilisation Monitoring &amp; Verification OfficerPlace of Performance : Mogadishu, Somalia (within MIA)Contract Duration : 6 MonthsStarting Date : TBCOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations and corporates that enables public and

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Emergency Health Specialist- P4 -Amman, Jordan(MENA Office) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CANADEMCountry: JordanClosing date: 22 Sep 2014CANADEM is seeking individuals with previous UN and international experience who are available for an immediate deployment to Amman, Jordan with UNICEF for a 6 month contract ASAP.Title: Emergency Health SpecialistReports to: Regional Health AdvisorDuration: 06 monthsLocation: Amman, JordanBACKGROUNDIn the 2010 update of the Core Commitments for Children (CCCs) is the explicit commitment that appropriate and experienced staff and personnel with relevant deployment training are provided and rapidly deployed,that focus

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Stabilisation Liaison Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 04 Oct 2014Position: Stabilisation Liaison OfficerPlace of Performance : Mogadishu, Somalia (within MIA)Contract Duration : 6 MonthsStarting Date : TBCOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations and corporates that enables public and private

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Stabilisation Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 04 Oct 2014Position: Stabilisation CoordinatorPlace of Performance : Mogadishu, Somalia (within MIA)Contract Duration : 6 MonthsStarting Date : TBCOVERVIEW OF CTG GLOBALCTG Global is a managed service company specializing in Recruitment, Management Consultancy, Human Resources support services and Monitoring &amp; Evaluation in post disaster and post conflict countries around the world.CTG Global provides services to humanitarian organizations, government, non-governmental organizations and corporates that enables public and private

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: Civil Engineer ( Ebola Response)- P3- Dakar, Senegal (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CANADEMCountry: SenegalClosing date: 22 Sep 2014CANADEM is seeking individuals with previous UN and international experience who are available for an immediate deployment to Senegal with WFP for a 3 month contract ASAP.Post Title:Civil and/or Electrical EngineerLocation:Rome, Accra, DakarDuration: 3 monthsBackgroundWFP operates to the highest levels of international construction standards while taking account of local constraints and methods of work. In its operations in West Africa, WFP is providing support to UN sister agencies and partners across a number of locations,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

2 International Human Rights Law Fellowships (unpaid) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Advocates for Human DignityClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Advocates for Human Dignity was founded in an effort to promote awareness for the violation of basic human rights, the promotion of educational efforts to bring human rights issues to a larger audience, the promotion of a peaceful dialogue regarding human rights issues and the organizing of support efforts to help those in need.The fellowship will be held remotely. Unfortunately AHD is not in a position to provide remuneration of any kind. This fellowship is unpaid.The fellow will solely research and write on trends in international

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Bar Association Advisor - Africa Region (Internationally Recruited) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Development Law OrganizationCountry: KenyaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014ABOUT IDLOThe International Development Law Organization (IDLO) enables governments and empowers people to reform laws and strengthen institutions to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity. We contribute to creating stable and inclusive societies where every person can live free from fear and want, in dignity and under the rule of law.To learn more about IDLO, please visit our website www.idlo.int or follow us on Twitter @IDLOnews.THE CONSULTANCYThe consultancy

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Swaziland: Monitoring &amp; Evaluation Specialist and Data Analysis Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: SwazilandClosing date: 24 Sep 2014About usOptions Consultancy Services Limited (Options) was established in 1992 and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Marie Stopes International. Options is a leading provider of technical and management expertise in the health and social sectors. We work in partnership with national and state governments, international development agencies, the private sector and civil society to strengthen programmes and policies to support the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in health and poverty reduction.Our

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Field Program Manager - Kenya (Internationally recruited) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Development Law OrganizationCountry: KenyaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014ABOUT IDLOThe International Development Law Organization (IDLO) enables governments and empowers people to reform laws and strengthen institutions to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity. We contribute to creating stable and inclusive societies where every person can live free from fear and want, in dignity and under the rule of law.To learn more about IDLO, please visit our website www.idlo.int or follow us on Twitter @IDLOnewsTHE CONSULTANCYReporting

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Country Representative - Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Development Law OrganizationCountry: MaliClosing date: 30 Sep 2014ABOUT IDLOThe International Development Law Organization (IDLO) enables governments and empowers people to reform laws and strengthen institutions to promote peace, justice, sustainable development and economic opportunity. We contribute to creating stable and inclusive societies where every person can live free from fear and want, in dignity and under the rule of law.To learn more about IDLO, please visit our website www.idlo.int or follow us on Twitter @IDLOnews.THE CONSULTANCYUnder the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: National Programme Management Consultant,(Mogadishu/ Somalia), Deadline: 25 September 2014 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 25 Sep 2014Download PDF FormatVACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 17 September 2014ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HABITATDUTY STATION:Mogadishu/ SomaliaFUNCTIONAL TITLE:National Programme Management ConsultantDURATION:4 working monthsCLOSING DATE:25 September 2014BACKGROUNDUN-Habitat is implementing in cooperation with Cooperazione E Sviluppo Onlus (CESVI) and Human Relief Foundation (HRF) the EU funded project “Sustainable Employment Creation and Improved Livelihoods for Vulnerable Urban Communities

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Consultancy: Documenting experiences on STDM piloting in St Lucia and St Vincent,(Nairobi), Deadline: 25 September 2014 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 25 Sep 2014Download PDF FormatCONSULTANT VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 17 September 2014ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HABITATDUTY STATION:Nairobi, KenyaFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Consultancy: Documenting experiences on STDM piloting in St Lucia and St VincentDURATION:6 monthsCLOSING DATE:25 September 2014BACKGROUNDThe Land and GLTN Unit, located within the Urban Legislation, Land and Governance (ULLG) Branch of UN-Habitat, has the mandate to develop, test and disseminate pro-poor and gender responsive approaches

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Timor-Leste: Sponsorship Manager, Timor Leste (source: Relief Web)

Country: Timor-LesteClosing date: 08 Oct 2014Sponsorship Manager, Timor LestePlan’s vision is to reach as many children as possible, particularly those who are excluded or marginalised, with high quality programmes that deliver long lasting benefits. Working in Timor-Leste since 2001, Plan has been helping poor children and youth to access their rights to education, health, livelihoods and protection. We currently work in Aileu, Ainaro and Lautem Districts.Child sponsorship contributes a significant proportion of Plan’s current income. The dedicated commitment of sponsors provides Plan

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Asia Division, Internship Opportunity (Unpaid) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: American Bar AssociationCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 15 Oct 2014The American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI) is an international development program that promotes the rule of law by working with in-country partners to build sustainable institutions and societies that deliver justice, foster economic opportunity and ensure respect for human dignity. In collaboration with our in-country partners—including judges, lawyers, bar associations, law schools, court administrators, legislatures, ministries of justice, and human rights and civil society

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nigeria: Health Advisor, Nutriton - Roving in 5 Northern States (Nationals) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: NigeriaClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Ensure quality of care in Save the Children Nigeria CMAM programme through strengthening capacities on the clinical management of SAM and facilitating integration of servicesSKILLS &amp; EXPERIENCEMedical Degree (MB,BS; MB, BCh) from a recognized/accredited University in NigeriaAt least three years post-graduation experiencePrevious experience with other local and international NGOsExperience in Nutrition and in community based programmesTraining and experience on treatment of acute malnutritionAdvocacy and logistics

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Assistant Logistics Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TearfundCountry: South SudanClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Based: Juba, South Sudan (with travel to field locations)Contract duration: minimum of 12 months subject to fundingTo start as soon as possibleTearfund has worked in South Sudan for over 40 years through local partners, and became operational in 1998 in response to the Ghazal region food crisis. We currently work in Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Jonglei states.The role will provide technical capacity across the South Sudan Programme to support the implementation of Tearfund’s WASH, nutrition, NFI and Food Security projects

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: Cash Based Intervention Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: EthiopiaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Title: Cash Based Intervention ExpertDuration of assignment:4 months from 1st of November to 28th February 2015ContextAssistance programs for refugees in Ethiopia have been predominantly providing in kind food and non-food items to refugees in all 23 (Eritreans: Adi-harush, Mai-Ayni, Shimelba and Hitsats in Shire and Aysaita and Berhale in Afar; Sudanese: Sherkole, Bambasi and Tongo in Assosa and Pungido, Dimma, Leitchor, Kule, Terkide, and Pam-don; Somalis: Awbare, Kebribeya and Sheder in Jijiga

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Gender Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARYThe Progress Gender Specialist will work toward providing a framework of activities to guide gender integration throughout the life of PROGRESS and across all technical sectors with the goal of enhancing absorptive, adaptive and transformative capacity for resilience of women and augmenting access to assets, capital and decision-making processes.ESSENTIAL JOB FUNCTIONS:Coordinate closely, work with and the Moroto-based Programme Manager, Morot-based Practice-Area Team Leaders and partners to promote

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Team leader Syria Needs Analysis Project (SNAP) Turkey - ACAPS (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Assessment Capacities ProjectCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 05 Oct 2014Location:Antakya, Turkey, with in-country and regional travel. This is not a family duty stationDuration of project:Until July 2016, subject to fundingDuration of position:1st of November 2014 until the 30thof October 2015 subject to funding with possible extension.Reporting to:SNAP Project Lead in BeirutResponsible for:Turkey team members including information analysts and assessment officers, plus new team members as recruitedOverview of the position:To ensure the smooth running of SNAP’s Turkey-based

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Temporary Livelihood Assistant - Garowe (2 Positions) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 26 Sep 2014The International Rescue Committee has been working in Somalia since 2006, providing essential services to conflict and disaster affected communities. The IRC has been operational in Central Somalia (Mudug and Galgadud regions) and Mogadishu implementing interventions in the areas of livelihood, WASH and health reaching out to more than 200,000 conflict and drought affected people.Summary of Responsibilities:The Livelihood assistant will work under the direct supervision of the Livelihood officer and the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Industrial Development Officer, P-3, Project Development (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UNIDOCountry: AustriaClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Please note:All applications must be submitted via the UNIDO Online Recruitment System. For more information on the vacancy please refer to:http://tinyurl.com/pu2u6ja(http://preview.tinyurl.com/pu2u6ja)A brief overviewDevelop, formulate and implement technical cooperation projects/programmes in the area of food safety, quality and conformity with international standards and implementation of these projects. More specifically, develop programmes to support effective integration into global value chains by developing producer/processors

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Industrial Development Officer, P-3, Development Finance (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UNIDOCountry: AustriaClosing date: 06 Oct 2014Please note:All applications must be submitted via the UNIDO Online Recruitment System. For more information on the vacancy please refer to:http://tinyurl.com/pgeducc(http://preview.tinyurl.com/pgeducc)A brief overviewThe main functions of this position cover inter alia:Propose a taxonomy of possible interactions with Development Finance Institutions (DFI) and other financial institutions; support the design of attractive and possibly differentiated partnership schemes to establish working modalities and areas of interest

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Team leader Syria Needs Analysis Project (SNAP) Jordan - ACAPS (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Assessment Capacities ProjectCountry: JordanClosing date: 05 Oct 2014Location:Amman, Jordan with in-country and regional travelDuration of project:Until July 2016, subject to fundingDuration of position:1st of November 2014 until the 31st of October 2015 subject to funding with possible extension.Reporting to:SNAP Project Lead in BeirutResponsible for:Jordan team members including information analysts and assessment expert, plus new team members as requestedOverview of the position:To ensure the smooth running of SNAP’s Jordan activities, including timely production

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Switzerland: Advisor on Cash based interventions and Protection (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: SwitzerlandClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Dear Colleagues,UNHCR has recently received funding for a project with the aim of “Improving cash based programming through elaborating the operational implications of the multipurpose grant and increasing understanding of protection results” on behalf of a consortium of agencies (UN and INGO).The project foresees UNHCR and the consortium to undertake work in the following two streams related to cash based interventions: A) elaborating the operational implications of multipurpose grants, and B)

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Tajikistan: Market Development Technical Specialist, Tajikistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ACDI/VOCACountry: TajikistanClosing date: 19 Oct 2014Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Cash Based Intervention Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: KenyaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Terms of ReferenceTitle: Cash Based Intervention ExpertDuration of assignment:4 months from 1st of November to 28th February 2015CONTEXTAs part of 2014 UNHCR-WFP JAM recommendations and Fresh Food Voucher pilot project evaluation, UNHCR Kenya, in partnership with WFP, is considering cash/voucher based transfer modality for part of GFD and some core relief items for refugees in Dadaab and Kakuma camp.Voucher modality of assistance has gained good experiences from pilot project in Dadaab but nothing

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Philippines: Field Coordinator Tacloban- PHILIPPINES (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: PhilippinesClosing date: 09 Oct 2014NGO PRESENTATIONHandicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Head of Support Services (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TearfundCountry: South SudanClosing date: 09 Oct 2014Based: Juba, South Sudan (with potential travel to field locations)Contract duration: minimum of 12 months subject to fundingTo start as soon as possibleAn exciting leadership opportunity has arisen for a proven sector manager, providing strategic oversight and support to the Logistics, Finance, and Human Resource functions for our operational and partnership work in South Sudan.Tearfund has worked in South Sudan for over 40 years through local partners, and became operational in 1998 in response to the Ghazal region

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Research internship (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International NGO Training and Research CentreCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 26 Sep 2014Civil society is ‘us’ – citizens coming together to improve the world. From small grassroots groups to large international charities, informal people’s movements to faith groups, unions to social enterprise, INTRAC has, since 1991, helped civil society around the world become more effective by holistically carrying out capacity building and training, research and knowledge sharing, and organisational development and consulting.We are looking for

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: PROGRAM MANAGER - BASED IN MOROTO &amp; KAMPALA (Contingent upon funding) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARY:The Programme manager will provide leadership, management and strategic vision to the implementation of the PROGRESS in Uganda, managing staff and resources, and consortium members, and to ensure that the program meets its targets and deliverables on-time and within budget. The Programme Manager will supervise program staff in Uganda and ensure accountability to Mercy Corps policies and donor rules and regulations. He/she will report to and work with the Programme Director to engage in program representation

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Volunteer Accountants needed for International Opportunities (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Accounting for International DevelopmentCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, WorldClosing date: 25 Oct 2014The need for financial professionals in the developing world has never been higher. With much of the social development that is underway stemming from local initiatives that simply cannot afford to hire an accountant, it is vital that they maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of their limited resources. AfID volunteers mentor the local staff and teach them the skills they need in order for the organisation to continue growing long after the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: GOVERNANCE TEAM LEADER - MOROTO ( Contingent upon funding) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARY:The Governance Team Leader will be responsible for overseeing program activities aimed at strengthening the horizontal and vertical linkages of governance with the aim of community development, advocacy and increased public sector support towards public projects, plans and budgets that enhance resilience. This includes leading community mobilization and engagement efforts, promoting engagement of local government departments, and advocating for strengthening of policies within the PROGRESS practice

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Unit Chief, P-5, Advocacy and Communication (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UNIDOCountry: AustriaClosing date: 06 Oct 2014A brief overviewThe Unit Chief is responsible for designing and implementing an effective advocacy and communications strategy aimed at positioning UNIDO and its mandate.Minimum RequirementsEducation:University - Master's degree or equivalent, in communication studies, journalism, public relations or a related discipline.UNIDO Languages:English (Fluent), an excellent command is required. Command of another United Nations official language is an asset.Field of Expertise:A minimum of 10 years of prior professional experience

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Malaysia: Office Administrator - Alliance for Financial Inclusion (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Alliance for Financial InclusionCountry: MalaysiaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014ABOUT AFIThe Alliance for Financial Inclusion (AFI) is an innovative, member-driven organization that enables policymakers in developing countries to share their knowledge of financial inclusion policies that have delivered tangible results. The network currently comprises 120 central banks, government ministries and other financial policymaking institutions from 95 emerging market &amp; developing countries. Through providing members with the opportunity for peer learning and supporting technical level

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Project Manager Information, Counselling and Legal Assistance (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Norwegian Refugee CouncilCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 05 Oct 2014NRC established its programme in the Southeast region of Myanmar along the border with Thailand in October of 2010, and provides protection and assistance to conflict-affected IDPs, specifically in the States of Mon, Kayah, Shan and Kayin as well as Tanintharyi Region. NRC maintains a country programme based upon a concept of synergy across its Core Competencies of SIRP, ICLA, Shelter and Education. Current activities include the rapid issuance of legal civil documentation, reconstruction of durable shelter and

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: MARKET SYSTEMS TEAM LEADER - MOROTO (Contigent upon funding) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARY:The Market Systems Team Leader is responsible for leading the implementation of facilitation projects that make market dynamics, actors, institutions and services accessible to households within the PROGRESS focus areas. These activities will work through public sector enabling strategies and private sector actors, seeking to crowd in provision rather than displace or replicate private actors with donor-funded services. Facilitation projects increasing access to technical services, improving access

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Associate Wash Officer - P2 - HR235 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN High Commissioner for RefugeesCountry: LebanonClosing date: 03 Oct 2014Accountability (key results that will be achieved)UNHCR WASH programmes is implemented through implementing partners based on needs assessments, guidance and implementation strategy.Gaps and overlaps in WASH programme are addressed and the activities oriented towards addressing priority issues.Responsibility (process and functions undertaken to achieve results)The WASH Associate will oversee the implementation, monitoring and supervision of private sector consultancy firms and construction companies

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Denmark: Procurement Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: DenmarkClosing date: 25 Sep 20141. Organizational LocationUNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is an international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect.The Procurement Assistant position is located in

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

India: Team Assistant - MIT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AmnestyCountry: IndiaClosing date: 30 Sep 2014Team Assistant – Mobilization, Innovation and Technology | Bangalore, IndiaAmnesty International is a Nobel Peace Prize-winning global movement committed to campaigning and action to improve human rights. As an independent and impartial organization, Amnesty has been at the forefront of defending those who are denied their rights.Amnesty International India aspires to build a large and inclusive movement that has a significant impact on burning human rights issues, while working towards the establishment of a rights respecting

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: NATURAL RESOURCE TEAM LEADER - BASED IN MOROTO ( Contingent upon funding) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARY:The NRM Team Leader will be responsible for overseeing program activities aimed at strengthening the horizontal and vertical linkages that support good governance of community assets and resources derived from the natural environment, including the land and the naturally occurring elements above and below it. The NRM Team Leader will lead the PROGRESS processes for engaging communities, governments and private sector actors in collective action plans that support household and community access to and

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Monitoring and Evaluation Consultant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: IMC WorldwideCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 31 Oct 2014IMC Worldwide is an international development consultancy that helps people around the world improve their lives.We partner with local communities, governments, international development agencies, NGOs, and the private sector to address the world’s foremost development challenges in the fields of environmental management, disaster mitigation, infrastructure, engineering, and social development, frequently in regions affected by crises and conflict.Whether we are upgrading thousands

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Programmes Finance Manager for Youth Development Org. (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Accounting for International DevelopmentCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, WorldClosing date: 18 Oct 2014By working with local youth organisations, our partner is working with people who are committed to the personal and social development of the poorest, most disadvantaged young people. They know first-hand what life is like for young people who face a life of poverty or violence and lack even the most basic essentials – and what they need to build positive futures.Main ResponsibilitiesProgramme / project budgetingMonthly reconciliation of accountsFinancial

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Gabon: Fisheries and Aquaculture Officer P-4 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Food and Agriculture OrganizationCountry: GabonClosing date: 17 Oct 2014Organizational SettingFAO Subregional Office for Central Africa is responsible for developing, promoting, overseeing and implementing agreed strategies for addressing sub-regional food, agriculture and rural development priorities. The Office develops and maintains relations with subregion-wide institutions including the two Regional Economic Integration Organizations, i.e. ECCAS and CEMAC. The Office assists the FAO Representations (FAORs), with addressing subregional food security, agriculture and rural

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: WASH Project Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: JordanClosing date: 01 Nov 2014WASH Project CoordinatorWORLD VISION IN JORDAN:Established in 1950, World Vision International operates in nearly 100 countries worldwide. It is a faith-based relief, development, and advocacy organization dedicated to working with children, families, and communities, to overcome poverty and injustice. We pursue life in all its fullness for every child and serve all people regardless of religion, race, ethnicity or gender. For more information please visit www.wvi.org.Since 2003, World Vision has been present in Jordan,

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Entrepreneurship Specialist and Private Sector Liaison, South Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ACDI/VOCACountry: South AfricaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Director - International Campaign to Ban Landmines and Cluster Munition Coalition (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Campaign to Ban LandminesClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Director - International Campaign to Ban Landmines and Cluster Munition CoalitionDo you thrive on high-profile international advocacy? Can you rally, resource and inspire a diverse and successful coalition of campaigners and staff from across the globe? Do you ignite with the ambition of achieving fastest possible progress in ridding the world of landmines and cluster munitions? If so, you could be who we are looking for.The International Campaign to Ban Landmines – Cluster Munition Coalition (ICBL-CMC) seeks

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Livelihood Assistant - Garowe (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 26 Sep 2014The Livelihoods assistant will work under the direct supervision of the Livelihood officer and the overall guidance of the Senior livelihoods officer. He / She will also work in close coordination with the rest of the livelihoods team and the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) program staff, in the implementation of the sector activities in Mudug and Nugal regions.How to apply:To apply for this position, interested candidates should visit this link: http://ch.tbe.taleo.net/CH02/ats/careers/requisition.jsp?org=IRC&amp;cws=1&amp;r...Deadline

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Protection Programme Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Support to LifeCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 05 Oct 2014Introduction to Support to LifeSupport to Life (STL) is an independent humanitarian agency working in the field of disaster risk reduction, disaster preparedness, and emergency response in Turkey and the surrounding region. With an emphasis on community participation, STL works at a grassroots level to build local capacity, mitigate the risks and impact of disasters, and support those in need in meeting their basic needs and rights.In line with its mandate STL currently has the following main activities:Relief aid

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Canada: Programme Officer - Training (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Child Soldiers InternationalCountry: CanadaClosing date: 19 Oct 2014Romeo Dallaire Child Soldier InitiativeProgramme Officer –TrainingSCOPE OF WORK:The Programme Officer Training will be an integral part of the training team. Reporting to the Deputy Director in the development and delivery of security sector training curriculum and associated training materials.BACKGROUND:The Roméo Dallaire Child Soldiers Initiative was established in 2007 by retired lieutenant-general the honourable Roméo Dallaire, former force commander of the United Nations Assistance Mission for

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Capacity Development Specialist, South Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ACDI/VOCACountry: South AfricaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014Since 1963 and in 146 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 60 projects in 30 countries and total

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Economic Strengthening Technical Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 10 Oct 2014PROGRAM/DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operating in Uganda since 2006 and works to catalyse change makers within the Ugandan private sector, civil society and government to create economically dynamic, healthy and secure communities. Our works focus on building resilience and enable economic growth, improve opportunities to attain better health and nutrition, and improved governance and conflict management. We implement programs in the northern districts of Pader, Kitgum, Agago, Lamwo, Kaabong, Abim and Kotido with

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Senior M&amp;E Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The Mitchell GroupCountry: MaliClosing date: 06 Oct 2014The Mitchell Group, Inc. (TMG), an international development consulting firm based in Washington, DC, is currently seeking expressions of interest from qualified applicants for a Senior M&amp;E Specialist position in support of a potential project in Mali. This individual will be responsible for leading and managing the technical work related to performance monitoring under this contract. The individual will oversee, recruit for, and participate in evaluations and assessments and baseline surveys throughout the life of the

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: USPSC Logistics Specialist (Multiple Positions) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: US Agency for International DevelopmentCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 23 Jun 2015Request for Personal Service ContractorUSAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster AssistancePosition Title: Logistics Specialist (Multiple Positions)Solicitation Number: SOL-OFDA-14-000052Salary Level: GS-13 Equivalent: $89,924 – $116, 901Issuance Date: September 18, 2014Closing Date: Open and continuous through June 23, 2015 with three Review Periods closing on: October 20, 2014February 23, 2015June 23, 2015Closing Time: 5:00 P.M. ETDear Prospective Applicants:The

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Animal Health Technician (Closing date: 3 October 2014) (source: ILRI)

Vacancy Number: REF: AHT/AB/09/14 Department: Animal Biosciences Duration: 3 years&#8217; Contract International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit an Animal Health Technician to Manage Animal Resources at the Kapiti Plains Ranch, Machakos County. ILRI is a not-for-profit institution with a staff of about 700 and in 2014, an operating budget of about USD83 million. &#8230; Continue reading &#8594;

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Public Awareness Coordinator (open until filled) (source: ILRI)

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a Public Awareness Coordinator who is an exceptionally strong and passionate writer who takes pleasure in framing complex research findings so that these are understandable and useful to a wide-ranging audience, especially decision-makers and their constituencies. The jobholder, will work directly with ILRI’s team leader for &#8230; Continue reading &#8594;

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

International Internship and Fellowship Program Coordinator

About TYO Tomorrow's Youth Organization (TYO)&nbsp;is an American non-profit organization that works in disadvantaged areas of the Middle East, enabling children, youth and parents to realize their potential as healthy, active and responsible family and community members. We are recruiting an energetic and experienced&nbsp;International Internship and Fellowship Program Coordinator (IIFC)&nbsp;interested in community development, education and youth empowerment at our flagship center in Nablus (Palestine). Job Summary The International Internship and Fellowship Program Coordinator (IIFC)will

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Program Manager, Women's Empowerment Programs

About TYO Tomorrow's Youth Organization (TYO)&nbsp;is an American non-profit organization that works in disadvantaged areas of the Middle East, enabling children, youth and parents to realize their potential as healthy, active and responsible family and community members. We are recruiting a highly qualified and motivated&nbsp;Program Manager&nbsp;interested in women's empowerment through education, economic development, advocacy, health and lifestyle reforms and civic participation at our flagship center in Nablus (Palestine). Job Summary The Program Manager (PM) will work full-time in cooperation

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: A NUTRITION AND HEALTH PROGRAM MANAGER - SIERRA LEONE (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 20 Oct 2014We are looking for: A NUTRITION AND HEALTH PROGRAM MANAGERCountry:Sierra Leone, based in FreetownLength of Contract: 11 months, starting as soon as possibleGeneral objective: Under the supervision of the field coordinator, you will be responsible to contribute to the establishment and monitoring of nutrition and health programmes in partnership with governmental and non-governmental agencies.Responsibilities:More specially, you will be in charge to:Contribute to the definition and implementation of

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: UN COORDINATEUR NUTRITION ET SANTE (H/F) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 18 Oct 2014Nous recherchons : UN COORDINATEUR NUTRITION ET SANTE (H/F)Pays d’affectation: République Centrafricaine – basé à BanguiDurée du contrat:6 mois à compter du 21 juillet 2014Finalité du poste:En tant que Responsable de Département Nutrition et Santé, vous avez pour mission de définir les stratégies et de coordonner les interventions d’Action Contre la Faim dans le domaine de la santé et de la nutrition.Responsabilités:A ce titre, vous êtes notamment responsable de :Concevoir, capitaliser et

Thu, 18 Sep 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: A PSYCHOLOGIST MENTAL HEALTH AND CARE PRACTICES COORDINATOR** (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: JordanClosing date: 28 Oct 2014We are looking for:A PSYCHOLOGIST MENTAL HEALTH AND CARE PRACTICES