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Climate Watch

Reducing the vulnerability of urban slum dwellers in the Southern African region to the impact of climate change and disasters

<p>Current estimates of climate change state that the world&rsquo;s average temperature is due to increase by at least 2oC to 2.4oC over the next 50‐100 years. Furthermore it is expected that by the end of the century a range of additional impacts will be felt: sea levels will rise by an estimated 60cm, resulting in flooding and the salinisation of fresh water aquifers, and snow and ice cover will decrease. Simultaneously, precipitation patterns will change so that some areas will receive large increases whilst other areas will become hotter and drier.</p><p>This concept paper summarises some of the current issues, concerns and debates surrounding urban vulnerability, climate change and the ability of certain adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p><p>Importantly for urban areas, it is expected that there will be an increase in the number and severity of certain types of &ldquo;disasters&rdquo; such as tropical cyclones, storms, floods and heat waves (GTZ, n.d.). There will also be a host of indirect impacts for cities, such as decreases in food production, freshwater availability and large numbers of migrants and climate change refugees (World Bank, 2010).</p><p>The paper find that the end result is that poor urban dwellers who already live in states of vulnerability and currently bear the highest health and diseases burden will be most affected by climate change. Within that group, differentiations can still be made such that women, the very young, and very old, new migrants and the generally socially and politically marginalized will be most adversely affected.</p><p>The author conludes by admiting that there are certainly &lsquo;gaps&rsquo; in the literature, advocacy&nbsp; on vulnerability of urban dwellers to climate change and suggests a variety of interventions around land rights, land tenure and vulnerability, mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p>

21 Nov 2014 14:16:08 GMT

Fighting for land security in Southern Africa

<p>It has emerged quite clearly from Urban LandMark&rsquo;s work in South Africa &ndash; and increasingly in the region &ndash; that the emergence of more sophisticated property markets has taken place locally and in most larger cities in the region. While there might be a need to assist these markets to develop further, in particular the need to build market institutions and professions, these groupings tend to increase their own capacities as the markets develop, mostly with little assistance.</p><p>In the Southern Africa region, something more fundamental is needed. Most poor people, the majority in most cities and towns, do not have a legalised pathway to accessing land. They also do not have an administratively and legally supported way of holding onto land once they have accessed it &ndash; usually extra-legally, or in areas just beyond urban boundaries where land law becomes quasi- or fully customary. And nor do they have any way of then trading legally in property or use rights. As a result, many people occupy land or inadequate shelter illegally and are then constantly vulnerable to eviction, have little access to basic services, and are not part of the planning process of cities.</p><p>This study finds that entrenched urban poverty is as much a symptom of weak access to land and property as it is a cause. Therefore, upgrading settlements and incremental movement towards secure tenure for families living in poverty is a crucial part of building resilient livelihoods and communities in southern Africa. Markets are part of the picture if more fundamental inclusion of the poor into the urban economy is to be addressed, because it is about competition for valuable space and about (sustainable) participation in growing urban economies.</p><p>The paper observes that the issue of climate change is real stressin that where rapidly growing cities meet the effects of climate change, the future may well be bleak, especially if cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be characterised by poverty, inequality and<br />weak institutions.</p><p>The author argues that if access to land, how land is held and how land is traded are not clearly defined (whether for residential or business purposes), one of the key building blocks for sustainable poverty alleviation and economic growth is missing. Similar to the argument for food security, land security is fundamental to development in the region. In order to achieve this, the paper concludes by recommending that comprehensive urban poverty strategies need to be linked to city development strategies.</p>

21 Nov 2014 13:17:45 GMT

Stepping up to the challenge – Six Issues facing global climate change and food security

<p>There are several complex and interrelated challenges and barriers to achieving global food and nutrition security in an increasingly variable&nbsp;<br />climate. Without urgent action for mitigation and adaptation, the&nbsp;world faces more loss and damage and this will further threaten the&nbsp;productive capacity and long-term viability of smallholder farmers.</p><p>Key issues noted in this briefing include:<br />1. Scale up proven action and practice;<br />2. Ensure equitable outcomes for women;<br />3. Give decision-making power to farmers;<br />4. Enhance nutrition security, not just food security;<br />5. Make mitigation an opportunity for, rather than a threta to food security;<br />6. Support markets and value chains for low-income producers and consumers.</p>

17 Nov 2014 15:17:59 GMT

South-South trade in renewable energy: A trade flow analysis of selected environmental goods

<p>This study analyses trends and opportunities for trade among developing countries (i.e. South-South trade) in selected environmental goods, in order to assess the contribution such trade can make to a green economy transition. The study focuses on South-South trade flows in several renewable energy products and their components, including solar photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules, wind turbines, hydroelectric turbines, biomass feedstock, solar water heaters and solar lighting equipment, as well as other select environmental goods. The latter include water filtering and purification equipment and environmentally preferable products, such as organic agricultural goods.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:49:23 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Climate protection as a world citizen movement

<p>This report recommends CO2 emissions from fossil fuels to zero by 2070 at the latest. It argues that the 2&deg;C line can only be held if a large proportion of actors &ndash; especially the OECD countries &ndash; start reducing their emissions much earlier. In this report the WBGU outlines a dual strategy for global climate protection based on interaction between multilateralism and civil society. It argues that to achieve this, on the one hand the Paris climate agreement targeted for late 2015 should exhibit certain characteristics set out by the WBGU. In particular, a process should be agreed to ensure compliance with the 2 &deg;C guard rail. On the other hand, the report argues, all civil-society actors should make their specific contributions towards decarbonization.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:34:52 GMT

Cities and climate change: National governments enabling local action

<p>This report explores how enabling policy frameworks at the national level can support critical urban action to combat climate change. It argues that cities have a unique ability to address global climate change challenges and that local action takes place in the context of broader national frameworks that can either empower or slow down city-level action; therefore, supportive national and regional policies and incentives are required to ensure city-level initiatives have sufficient resources and potential to effect meaningful change. The report states that national policies often establish what cities can and cannot do in terms of climate policy action (e.g. access to financial resources) and that national support is needed to help cities establish policy frameworks and minimum standards and to garner the required resources and technical information. The report highlights that cities need to mobilise private capital to fill funding gaps for green urban infrastructure projects.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:24:17 GMT

The right climate for development: why the SDGs must act on climate change

<p>This report argues that tackling climate change, poverty eradication and sustainable development has to be integrating and cannot be approached as spate issues.</p><p>This report argues that if action is not taken to cut emissions and to support communities to adapt to the changes that they are already experiencing, its impacts will only increase. The new UN Post-2015 development Framework, to be agreed in September 2015, will include a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report argues that this offers a &lsquo;crucial opportunity&rsquo; to ensure the threat to poverty reduction from climate change is adequately addressed. It states that robust action to achieve emissions cuts and resilience to the impacts of climate change must be integrated throughout the SDGs and reinforced in a strong standalone goal on climate.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:16:48 GMT

Climate change in Mali: expected impacts on pests and diseases afflicting livestock

<p>This report presents a series of tables which analyse the potential impact of a changed climate on the most common diseases afflicting cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, pigs, and chickens in Mali. For each livestock disease identified, the disease status under current climate was assessed, including the geographical range of the endemic zone, the rate of disease outbreaks within endemic zones, the mode of pathogen transmission, and the relative economic importance to livestock owners. These served as the baseline for an assessment of the likely change in risk of infection under climate scenarios for the 2025 to 2050 period.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:09:26 GMT

Green industrial policy: managing transformation under uncertainty

<p>This paper presents the concept of green industrial policy, which is defined as &ldquo;encompassing any policy measure aimed at aligning the structure of a country&rsquo;s economy with the needs of sustainable development within established planetary boundaries&rdquo;. It gives arguments for why green industrial policy is needed, how it differs from conventional industrial policy, why it is faced with significantly bigger challenges, and how these can be met.</p><p>The paper argues that economic markets are a social construct with flexible and changing boundaries and elaborates on the distinctive features of green industrial policy. It considers the existence of pervasive market failures, the need to deal with high levels of uncertainty within long-time horizons, as well as the challenge of creating new and disrupting old pathways. The paper addresses the political economy of transformation and finally, the main arguments are summarised and it is highlighted that bringing about green transformation is a &lsquo;Herculean task&rsquo; and that sustainable patterns of behaviour, and radical technological innovation must build on acceptance and support by society at large.</p>

14 Nov 2014 15:50:46 GMT

The Chinese solar energy industry and potential of renewables in Africa

<p>China and Africa are developing in a time of climate change and scarcity. According to most climate scientists global economies will have to make a green shift to ensure continued future growth. However, there are very large differences in what is understood under the term &ldquo;greening&rdquo;. In some countries greening reflects a desire to work towards carbon-neutrality; in other countries external international pressure leads to action for the protection of internationally important carbon sinks. China faces a massive increase in energy demand - and needs to address mounting economic, political and social pressure to adopt and enforce green industrial policies and practices.</p><p>Against this background, China has given rise to some of the world&rsquo;s largest renewable energy companies; these companies form part of an increasingly important economic sector in China. As such these companies, their origin and drivers have become important for China&rsquo;s international economic partners, including African states.</p><p>This policy briefing explores the rise of and motivation behind China&rsquo;s solar industry as a case study for the rise of the renewable energy industry in China. It makes suggestions to African decision makers in government and business for engaging China in the renewable energy sector.</p><p>In order to address Africa&rsquo;s energy need, it is important to also engage with China&rsquo;s international renewable energy sector. To achieve access to renewable energy specifically, the following points are recommendations aimed at African decision-makers:</p><ul><li><p>adequate legislation is necessary. African governments should draft renewable energy laws, establishing the incentives for renewable energy generation. This can be done through various methods such as feed-in tariffs or through quota based renewable portfolio standards</p></li><li><p>energy generation will be more decentralised in the future. African governments should consider the dismantling of large state-owned power producers along with the creation of strong anti-monopoly and anti-collusion laws</p></li><li><p>incentives are necessary to boost renewable energy supply. African governments need to formulate and implement national regulation that facilitates the provision of renewable energy and energy investment</p></li><li><p>Africa needs to upgrade technology. Technology transfers should be worked into investment projects to facilitate post installation upkeep and stimulate innovation. Renewable energy can only sustainably flourish as a sector in African states once innovation can be nurtured domestically</p></li><li><p>funding opportunities needs to be explored. For energy projects and the establishing of a renewable energy industries, funding might be obtainable through instruments such as FOCAC and infrastructure-for-resources loans</p></li><li><p>co-operation requires joint standards.Early consideration will have be given to avoid fragmentation into small markets. For this goal, African states should standardise renewable energy systems to increase benefits from co-operation with other African states</p></li></ul>

14 Nov 2014 13:22:49 GMT

Thirsty, hungry and no power? : African resources in a global world

<p>Water, food and energy are fundamental to African development. However, several crucial issues need to be addressed. Are African resources used to meet African needs or are they being exploited to satisfy the needs of other actors facing food and energy insecurity?</p>

13 Nov 2014 15:44:43 GMT

World Disasters Report: Focus on culture and risk

<p>For 2014 the World Disasters Report looks at different aspects of how culture affects disaster risk reduction (DRR) and how disasters and risk influence culture. It highlights that most people who live in places that are exposed to serious hazards are aware of the risks they face, including earthquakes, tropical cyclones, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, floods, landslides and droughts. Yet they still live there for a variety of reasons, including livelihoods or having no alternative. The report argues that culture and beliefs enable people to live with risks and make sense of their lives in dangerous places. Sometimes, though, unequal power relations are also part of culture, and those who have little influence must inevitably cope with threatening environments. It highlights that the work of the Red Cross Red Crescent will have less sustained impact if it does not adequately take account of people&rsquo;s cultures, beliefs and attitudes in relation to risk.</p>

13 Nov 2014 11:52:30 GMT

Future hydropower production in the Lower Zambezi under possible climate change influence

<p>Hydropower is highlighted as the most important energy source in Mozambique and many other countries in southern Africa. Substantial hydropower development is planned for the Lower Zambezi for the next decades, with regional importance due to integration into the Southern African Power Pool. The objective of this study is to assess hydropower generation in the 21st century for a future hydropower development scenario under two climate scenarios. The two climate scenarios represent a future wetting climate and a future drying climate, both with considerable warming, and are based on bias corrected data of two recent Global Climate Models. The future hydropower scenario considers the extension of the existing Cahora Bassa plant and three planned facilities downstream, Mphanda Nkuwa, Boroma and Lupata. The results are taken to show the importance of considering climate risk in technical design and financial assessment of hydropower projects in the region.</p>

13 Nov 2014 11:08:47 GMT

The challenge of establishing REDD+ on the ground: Insights from 23 subnational initiatives in six countries

<p>Since 2007, it has been hoped that REDD+ would deliver on the 3E+ criteria (effectiveness, efficiency, equity, social and environmental co‑benefits) for strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This report highlights that the early enthusiasm for REDD+ has dissipated among some stakeholders &ndash; this is largely attributed to the failure to attain an international climate change agreement.</p><p>In its Global Comparative Study on REDD+ (GCS), CIFOR undertook a survey of 23 subnational REDD+ initiatives in six countries in order to examine their strategies and approaches, the nature of the challenges they faced, and how they intended to overcome them. The study found that the 23 initiatives were persisting in their efforts to reduce local deforestation and forest degradation, as well as deliver on a wide range of goals. However, questions remain about whether and how the REDD+ concept will persist and evolve.</p>

13 Nov 2014 10:49:16 GMT

Social inequality and environmental threats in Indus Delta villages: Pakistan

<p>Protection of environmental and climate change migrants or refugees and the debate on the legal framework of refugees&rsquo; rehabilitation is a matter of major concern for international humanitarian as well as development oriented organizations. But there is little focus on gradual or slow-onset disasters and there is little ethnographic research work in the regions under severe permanent threats because of environmental and climate change. Although most developing countries have signed international conventions on the protection of environmental and climate change migrants and refugees, there is no or little background research for a wider understanding with right to use of resources by the marginalized sections of population of these coastal and deltaic disaster zones.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The physical presence of historic villages and habitats on the Indus Delta is observed to be under threat due to environmental changes and permanent disasters. The delta of River Indus has distinct social, economical and environmental features as compared to the rest of the coast of Pakistan. The delta population, being the lower riparian of the River Indus, receives a limited flow of fresh water. This is causing environmental degradation and negatively impacting traditional livelihoods, survival and resilience patterns in the presence of high levels of social inequality. Climate and environmental changes over time are deemed as a root cause of the rise of sea level which is leading to a loss of land, rendering it unusable for cultivation, increase in salinity, depletion of mangrove forests and a decline in fish catch.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This paper is an outcome of field visits to the Indus delta&rsquo;s inland and the island villages in Kharo Chan in particular. In this paper, the focus is on environmentally induced migration caused by slow-onset disasters and its linkages with social inequality based on class, caste and kinship groups.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Social science researchers&rsquo; contribution to climate change and global warming science may prioritise linking existing social inequality with induced or voluntary migration in both, temporary or permanent disasters cases. The Indus Basin&rsquo;s controlled fresh water flows might be potential for perennial agricultural products and vital for food security but water management, environmental experts and pro-development national and international organizations need to regard the indigenous habitants of the coast and the Indus Delta&rsquo;s ecology.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Disputes regarding Indus Waters between India and Pakistan and upper and lower riparian provinces of Pakistan, the demand for construction of more dams and political movements against mega dam projects are ongoing simultaneously. A high decline in fresh water flows in Indus Delta is a contentious issue for water and environmental experts in the region. The evidence from historic, geographical and ethnographic research and evidences and perceptions from diverse community groups and individuals provide an authentic viewpoint that gradual and rapid decline in fresh water flows in Indus Delta is main cause of sea intrusion. However, the main disadvantageous groups are those who are socially marginalized, asset less, with poor networks in urban residential and commercial markets and are therefore, more vulnerable to this slow-onset environmental disaster.</span></p>

12 Nov 2014 20:33:05 GMT

REthinking energy: towards a new power system

<p>This report, which is focused on the power sector, tells the story of changing trends which are driving change. It looks at how technology is evolving, who is financing it, and the wider benefits it will bring. Finally, it examines what an energy system powered by renewables might look like and how policy makers can further support the transformation.</p><p>This report is part of a series named &lsquo;REthinking Energy&rsquo; which explores how renewable energy is financed, produced, distributed and consumed, and aims to chart the changing relationships it is bringing about between states, corporations and individuals.</p>

10 Nov 2014 17:00:47 GMT

Procurement models applied to independent power producer programmes in South Africa

<p>This report&nbsp;addresses questions such as: What is the procurement model in South Africa as it applies to renewable energy (RE) and base load (BL) independent power producer procurement programmes (IPPPP) and how might these be improved? What lessons have been learned in the RE IPPPP? What challenges might the emerging BL IPPP programme face and how might these challenges be addressed? To what extent are lessons from RE applicable to BL?</p><p>The report&nbsp;argues that the REIPPPP is largely viewed a positive and innovative programme and that a base load procurement model is required to build on the successes of the REIPPP and extends these to base load IPPs. It argues that the contribution to socio-economic development should be extended to all other IPP procurement and that there is significant risk that political considerations may override rational planning in relation to nuclear power. It is argued that procurement should be well-designed upfront, flexible, plans indicative, the regulator active and procurement more vibrantly competitive.</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:54:41 GMT

Getting it together: Institutional arrangments for coordination and stakeholder engagement in climate finance

<p>This report focuses on the coordination of climate finance and the engagement of stakeholders.</p><p>It argues that there is no single institutional arrangement which is &lsquo;perfect&rsquo; to mobilise for delivering climate finance. It highlights the important roles of ministries of environment, finance and non-governmental actors all have in creating incentives and accountability for these institutions to work together. The report argues that institutional arrangements for climate finance lie on a continuum wherein they &lsquo;dock&rsquo; international or external climate finance in the national system, or &lsquo;mainstream&rsquo; climate considerations into core policy and associated investment decisions and financial frameworks. The report states that changes in the structure of institutional arrangements do not necessarily change behaviour. It is the incentives for coordination that matter. Scale of finance available can shape these incentives, and determine whether the arrangements support &lsquo;docking&rsquo; or &lsquo;mainstreaming&rsquo; (or both).</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:31:36 GMT

Gender and Inclusion Toolbox: participatory research in climate change and agriculture

<p>The Toolbox aims to support programme designers and field practitioners in doing gender sensitive and socially inclusive research.</p><p>The Toolbox assumes that data should be sex-disaggregated (when relevant) to recognise women as individual farmers, the type and level of social-differentiation used should be based on the objective of the study and the climate change development program that it informs, gender and social inclusion should be integrated from the research and programme design phase rather than relying on mainstreaming at a later point, building capacity in gender and social analysis is important for both upstream and downstream practitioners in an organisation and that a participatory approach to research can support jointly-produced knowledge that reflects more accurately the different needs, challenges and opportunities for women, men and vulnerable groups.</p>

10 Nov 2014 16:24:38 GMT

The Political Economy of Low Carbon Energy in Kenya (working paper)

<p>There is growing international focus on how to support more integrated approaches to a ddressing climate change in ways that capture synergies and minimise the trade - offs between climate change mitigation, adaptation and development. These aims are embodied in the concept of climate compatible development (CCD). But what does this look like in practice in Kenya?</p><p>With a National Action Plan on Climate Change, a Vision 2030 Strategy, a new constitution and a revised Energy Policy, Kenya is at a critical cross - roads with respect to defining its energy future for the years to come. The challenge is to enable a just transition to a lower carbon economy that delivers poverty reduction and climate resilience at the same time. But thinking about who sets the terms of transition and for whom, raises key political questions about the role of actors, in terests and institutions in the energy sector. In other words, who has the power to change power?</p><p>Drawing on 29 interviews with government officials, donors and businesses conducted during 2013, insights gleaned from an interactive workshop with practitio ners on the themes of the research, as well as available academic and grey literature, t his paper explores the role of politics, actors and institutions in enabling or frustrating the pursuit of climate compatible energy development in Kenya. This is a cri tical time for Kenya in deciding its energy future and whether and how it will aim to make it &lsquo;climate compatible&rsquo;. Issues of power and p olitical economy will play a key role in determining technological and social outcomes: the winners and losers from dif ferent energy pathways and on whose terms and how the trade - offs between competing policy objectives are resolved. In particular political economy analysis helps to understand the potential for energy systems to meet climate, development and adaptation nee ds simultaneously.</p>

06 Nov 2014 15:44:44 GMT

The political economy of low carbon energy in Kenya

<p>Is it possible for Kenya to simultaneously tackle energy poverty, contribute to climate change mitigation and reduce exposure to climate vulnerability? There is growing international focus on how to support more integrated approaches to addressing climate change in ways that capture synergies and minimise the trade-offs between climate change mitigation, adaptation and development. These aims are embodied in the concept of climate compatible development (CCD).</p><p>But what does this look like in practice in Kenya? With a National Action Plan on Climate Change, a Vision 2030 Strategy, a new constitution and a revised Energy Policy, Kenya is at critical cross-roads with respect to defining its energy future for the years to come. The challenge is to enable a just transition to a lower carbon economy that delivers poverty reduction and climate resilience at the same time. But thinking about who sets the terms of transition and for whom, raises key political questions about the role of actors, interests and institutions in the energy sector. In other words, who has the power to power change?</p>

06 Nov 2014 10:50:40 GMT

The darker side of green: plantation forestry and carbon violence in Uganda.

<p>In recent years, there has been a significant trend toward land acquisition in developing countries, establishing forestry plantations for offsetting carbon pollution generated in the Global North. Badged as &ldquo;green economic development,&rdquo; global carbon markets are often championed not only as solutions to climate change, but as drivers of positive development outcomes for local communities. But there is mounting evidence that these corporate land acquisitions for climate change mitigation&mdash;including forestry plantations&mdash;severely compromise not only local ecologies but also the livelihoods of the some of the world&rsquo;s most vulnerable people living at subsistence level in rural areas in developing countries.</p><p>This report examines the acquisition of land in Uganda by Green Resources, a Norwegian-registered plantation forestry company. Green Resources produces saw log timber and charcoal in Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda, and receives carbon-offset revenue from a number of its plantation forestry operations. This report focuses specifically on the company&rsquo;s activities in Uganda, where it holds two licenses over 11,864 hectares of the government owned Central Forest Reserve, land that villagers historically had access to grow food, graze animals, and engage in cultural practices.</p>

04 Nov 2014 11:52:31 GMT

Impact of fertilizer use on weed management in conservation agriculture - a review

<p>Intensive farming has been adopted to produce large amounts of food grains and cash crops but environment is being deteriorated at alarming rate also. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides, chemical growth regulators, machinery and poor management practices are accelerating environmental pollution, soil degradation, global warming, climatic change and food deterioration. Conservation agriculture offers a sustainable solution for all these problems most often. This review focuses the use of fertilizers in conservation agriculture and their impact on weed management. Weeds are major constraint in the productivity of agro-ecosystems. Fertilizer use can influence weed emergence, weed persistence, weed dormancy, weed dynamics, weed growth and weed dispersion attributes. The rate, timing, type and method of fertilizer application affect biological trends of weeds. In conservation tillage systems, the interaction between fertilizers and weeds is very complex, and there are reports of positive as well as negative correlations with weed establishment. Altered physical and chemical properties of reduced-tillage soils result in different weed growth and weed-crop competition periods and thus have indirect impacts on weed control strategies and management options in conservation crop production.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Oct 2014 17:08:40 GMT

Global Estimates 2014: People displaced by disasters

<p>IDMC&rsquo;s latest Global Estimates report shows that 22 million people were displaced in 2013 by disasters brought on by natural hazard events. As in previous years, the worst affected region is Asia, where 19 million people, or 87.1 per cent of the global total, were displaced during the year. Although both wealthy and poorer countries are affected, developing countries bear the brunt, accounting for more than 85 per cent of displacement. In the Philippines, typhoon Haiyan alone displaced 4.1 million people, a million more than in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania combined. Viewed relative to population size, seasonal floods also caused significant displacement in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably in Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan &ndash; countries with highly vulnerable populations who are also affected by conflict and drought.</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:59:15 GMT

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in south-east Asia and China

<p>With a focus on countries in south-east Asia and China, this is IDMC&rsquo;s fourth regional study on disaster-related displacement risk.</p><p>Based on over four decades of data from the ASEAN Member States and China, IDMC has applied its probabilistic displacement risk model to calculate the scale, scope and patterns of future displacement caused by rapid-onset hazards in these countries. The primary intended audience for this paper are people in national and regional governments responsible for reducing and managing disaster risks and for protecting the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs).</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:45:53 GMT

Nexus Nirvana or Nexus Nullity? A dynamic approach to security and sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus

<p>STEPS Centre working paper proposing a dynamic approach to security and sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus.</p><p>In the wake of various global crisis in energy, food, and finance since 2008, together with growing concerns and uncertainties surrounding climate change, many in the development field are urging a more integrated approach between key sectors. The concept of a water-energy-food nexus has emerged from a range of proponents, each supplying their own perspectives and agendas. The goal of this paper is to develop the conceptual tools required for a project that ultimately aims to contribute to unpacking existing formulations of the water-energy-food nexus, and rethinking some of its key tenets. </p><p>The paper is divided into five sections. First, the authors unpack the crisis context which led to the formulation of the nexus, before discussing the nexus itself. Next, the paper examines the extent to which the nexus is promoting static solutions guided by stability and durability thinking. Fourth, it promotes a conceptual framework synthesising dynamic sustainability, plural water storage systems, and the nexus, before finally mapping the direction of the proposed project on water storage solutions in the context of the nexus in South and South-East Asia.</p><p>The paper argues that the current global policy framing of the nexus around a scarcity crisis narrative is driving proposed solutions toward a paradigm of control, one that conceives a higher perception of certainty than is actually warranted; for example, creating large man-made structures in the belief that they are more secure and sustainable. In reality, the nexus is by nature a vastly complex and dynamic system - particularly under climate change - and so requires a shift in governance that better acknowledges and incorporates the limits to our control.</p><p> The key proposal is for a pluralistic approach to water storage that accommodates a variety of small- and large-scale solutions. This approach would be appropriate given the uncertainties at play, and are more consistent with resilience and robustness. A pluralistic approach would also allow for a reframing of boundaries of potential solutions, and where win-wins exist, could also address food demands and clean energy whilst ensuring social-justice prevails.</p>

28 Oct 2014 11:03:32 GMT

Water and climate change adaptation: policies to navigate uncharted waters

<p>Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) survey and report setting out the climate adaptation challenge for freshwater management, and providing policy guidance.</p> <p>Climate change is reshaping the future for freshwater, aggravating pressures and complicating planning, management, and investment in water infrastructure. This report is drawn from the results of an OECD-wide survey designed to gauge progress on climate change adaptation in the water sector. </p> <p> The paper presents the need for a risk-based approach to climate change adaptation in the water sector, so as to most effectively deal with the inherent uncertainties that are present. This is expanded into a "know", "target", and "manage" framework that incorporates building an evidence base with strategic policy and financing approaches. The final section concerns improving flexibility through adaptive governance, policies, and finance options.</p> <p>The paper makes a number of conclusions and recommended actions in its final section:<ul> <li>The scientific evidence on the significance of climate change on freshwater is compelling and growing. Yet despite the potential threat to a string of key policy domains, reliable information on the potential impacts are generally lacking.</li> <li>Effective and timely adaptation that accounts for uncertainty can significantly lower the costs of climate change impacts.</li> <li>Adaptation must be flexible, dynamic, and account for both climate variability and changes in human systems, over both the near- and long-term.</li> <li>Where information is unreliable or highly uncertain, a risk-based approach can accommodate a range of possible scenarios by identifying priorities and least-cost approaches. </li> <li>Governments should "know", "target", and "manage" water risks, such as drought, floods, poor quality freshwater, and threats to sensitive ecosystems.</li> <li>It is crucial that climate change be systematically integrated into water management policies, as well as considered in a broader, multi-sectoral manner. </li> <li>The survey of OECD member states shows that all report observed changes to freshwater systems, and anticipate rising risks. While progress has been made to &ldquo;know&rdquo; the risks, more must be done to &ldquo;target&rdquo; and &ldquo;manage&rdquo; them.</li> <li>Information-based policies are by far the most widely used, with significant potential to scale up economic instruments, ecosystem-based approaches, and green infrastructure.</li> <li>Most countries have yet to explicitly address financing issues for adaptation. </li> </ul></p> <p>The annex to the report includes detailed profiles of each member state, including observed and projected climate change impacts, key policy documents and instruments, main research programmes and financing mechanisms, and innovative initiatives.</p>

28 Oct 2014 10:51:51 GMT

Guidance on water and adaptation to climate change

<p>Comprehensive United Nations guidance on water-related climate change adaptation strategies.</p><p>Evidence to date suggest that water resources are highly vulnerable to climate change impacts, representing a grave risk to regions around the globe. Recognising the urgency at hand, the Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes produced this adaptation strategy guidance report, published in 2009 by the United Nations.</p><p>Chapter one presents the core principles and approaches of climate change adaptation, followed by an overview of relevant international commitments. Chapter three covers policy, legislation, and institutional frameworks, while chapter four concerns information and monitoring needs for adaptation strategy design and implementation. The rest of the report discusses: scenarios and models for impact assessment and water resource management; vulnerability assessments for water management; adaptation strategies and measures; financial matters, and adaptation strategy evaluation.</p><p>There are many key messages highlighted from the report, which can be summarised as follows:<ul><li>The world must adapt to climate change in water management immediately, with greater flexibility, and in a &lsquo;learning-by-doing&rsquo; approach pursuing both action and research concurrently. </li><li>Climate change impacts are expected in Agriculture (irrigation), energy (reduced hydropower potential), tourism, fisheries, and navigation, as well as biodiversity impacts, requiring inter-sectoral cooperation and integrated water resources management to support adaptation.</li><li>Interlinked pressures must be considered in adaptation policy, such as population growth, migration, and consumption, and the potential for feedback.</li><li>Both cross-sectoral and transboundary approaches are required to prevent possible conflicts, and to consider trade-offs and synergies between adaptation and mitigation efforts. </li><li> Legal, institutional, and policy barriers to adaptation must be removed. International commitments, and flexible national legislation able to adapt to different possible climate impacts, can support adaptation.</li><li>Countries should focus on preventing transboundary impacts, sharing benefits and risks in an equitable and reasonable manner and cooperating on the basis of equality and reciprocity.</li><li>Knowledge, experience, and data must be readily available and pro-actively exchanged to enhance countries capacities to adapt. </li><li>Effective adaptation strategies should include law, economic, and education instruments to tackle short- to long-term climate change impacts, with cost-effectiveness, sustainability, and cultural compatibility all important. </li><li>Water supply and sanitation in extreme weather events requires special attention as serious public health issue.</li><li>It is ultimately far more cost-effective to start adaptation now, and should be pursued through a mix of public and private funding, and involving all stakeholders. </li><li>Education, capacity-building, and communication are all imperative for effective adaptation, representing an opportunity for innovation and new technologies.</li> </ul>

28 Oct 2014 10:37:34 GMT

Learning for rural change: 11 stories from Zambia

<p>In September 2013, the IFAD Zambia Country Programme<br />Management Team worked together with ILEIA to enable the documentation and systematic analysis of what was taking place in the<br />field. Eleven practitioners working in agricultural development in<br />Zambia gathered in Lusaka, documenting achievements and challenges.<br />The importance of describing and analysing the results of<br />agricultural initiatives is widely acknowledged. It helps to draw<br />lessons and generate practical knowledge. Often these lessons<br />remain implicit, as highlighted by one of our Zambian authors, Alfred<br />Mkonda. &ldquo;We do a lot of work, but as long as we do not write it down<br />there are a lot of blank pages in our institutional diaries.&rdquo; As such,<br />documentation is a first step towards scaling up successful efforts.</p><p>The 11 stories look at spreading practices, organising farmers and partnerships and participation.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;and</p>

27 Oct 2014 17:39:19 GMT

Assessing Mali’s Direction Nationale De La Météorologie Agrometeorological Advisory Program: preliminary report on the climate science and farmer use of advisories

<p>In June 2011, USAID organized a West African Adaptation Workshop under the Adaptation Partnership in Dakar, Senegal. The workshop had several goals, including improving the awareness of and demand for climate services in the region among decision-makers in various sectors, improving climate service providers&rsquo; understanding of decision-makers&rsquo; needs, identifying opportunities to design and deliver climate services for decision making, and sharing information on good practices and models.<br /><br />This report (one of two) contains an assessment of the forecasts and science behind the advisories themselves, and an assessment of the use of the agrometeorological advisories at the community, household, and individual level in southern Mali.</p><p>The report recommends:</p><ul><li>performing a detailed quantitative assessment of the past performance of the forecasts that undergird the advisories</li><li>shift current advisory construction away from the use of analogue years, as previous experiences of similar rainfall may not hold in a changing climate</li><li>conduct research into the predictability of intra-seasonal variations in rainfall, including the start and end dates of the rainy season, and probability of extreme events, such as prolonged dry spells or very intense rains, at both one-week and one-month lead times, as parallel studies in other parts of the Sahel suggest these quantities are potentially predictable</li><li>investigate means of conveying forecast uncertainties to farmers as a part of advisories</li><li>expand advisories to address gender, the needs of pastoralists, and for poorer farmers who may have greater difficulty responding to advisories in a timely manner</li><li>better understanding the role of weather and climate (and therefore climate services) in rural<br />livelihoods more broadly</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 16:03:59 GMT

Gender and climate change adaptation in agrarian settings

<p>The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity. In short, these social factors have broad ramifications for the ways in which people experience and address the impacts of climate variability and change in their lives.</p><p>This report presents three case studies (on Ghana, Mali and Malawi) that illustrate the importance of this contemporary approach to gender when applied to climate change adaptation in rural, agrarian settings. Each case demonstrates that in studies predicated on simple gender categories, the particular challenges and vulnerabilities of a significant portion of the population in question become difficult to identify.</p><p>This report concludes that:</p><ul> <li>identity categories most relevant to understanding vulnerability in a particular place are contextually specific. In the Ghana case, it was the intersection of gender with livelihoods strategies and household situation that brought out the identities most responsible for the production of different livelihoods vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. In the Mali case, the salient intersection was gender and seniority. In Malawi, distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within gender groups only become visible when gender is understood in the context of the village of residence, and its proximity to the unique livelihoods opportunities and resources in the Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve (MMFR)</li> <li>the use of binary gender analysis to explore vulnerability to climate change impacts risks glossing over important intra-community and intra-household vulnerabilities, including those of the most marginal and vulnerable</li> <li>in the Ghana case, it is very difficult to identify and address the specific livelihoods vulnerabilities of women in female-headed households, and women in diversified households, via a binary gender analysis, as such analysis aggregates the situations of all women into something that most resembles the situations of women in market households</li> <li>in the Mali case, binary gender analysis suggest gendered patterns of livelihoods activities that are produced through specific intersections of seniority and gender. A vulnerability analysis built on this generalised pattern would overlook the specific vulnerabilities and capacities of senior men in this cluster by ignoring their gardening activities.</li> <li>in Malawi, a binary analysis of gender suggests that vulnerability is evenly distributed across the married study population. Yet there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within married households that are tied first to location, and then to gendered emphases with regard to crop selection and livelihoods activities</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 13:57:28 GMT

Climate finance in Ethiopia

<p>Overseas Development Institute study examining climate related finance and delivery in Ethiopia.</p><p>Climate change is already impacting Ethiopia, both in terms of frequency and intensity of droughts, and increases in flooding. This has stressed social institutions and intensified the vulnerability of households. Furthermore, low levels of economic activity, increasing population size, and a high dependence on rain-fed agriculture makes Ethiopia particularly vulnerable to adverse effects of climate change. In this context, this Overseas Development Institute study sets out to identify climate change-relevant public expenditures within the Ethiopian federal budget, and to assess whether this funding is being effectively delivered. The study measures the effectiveness of this delivery through a governance and institutional lens, examining policy processes and the institutions responsible for decisions over budget allocations over a four year period. Four key principles are used as a framework for the assessment of policy: ease of implementation, legitimacy, coherence, and transparency. For institutional performance, coordination, innovation, and local anchorage are the criteria used, while the principles relating to budget delivery are planning, execution, reporting, and external audits. </p><p>The key message from the study is that there are major challenges ahead for Ethiopia to finance its response to climate change. The national Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy has called for annual spending of $7.5 billion to respond to climate change. Yet with national budgetary resources for climate change-related activities estimated to be around $440 million per year, and international sources adding just several tens of million USD per year, there seems to be a major financing gap. If the strategy is to be delivered, much more needs to be done to mobilise additional resources, both domestically and internationally. The study highlights that there is much still to uncover about climate finance delivery at national and sub-national levels, requiring further empirical research. A gap in the data for ‘off-budget’ financing delivered by traditional development partners and other international expenditures also calls for further study to determine the true level of current commitments, actual disbursements, and likely trends for future funding.</p>

23 Oct 2014 13:29:49 GMT

NAMA study for a sustainable charcoal value chain in Côte d’Ivoire

<p>This study aims to help C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the current charcoal value chain and enable the country to remove a major driver of deforestation while increasing energy security and sustainability. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) design proposed in this study also addresses cross-sectoral issues and adopts a phased approach. It is argued that the NAMA Phase I described in the study is realistic, can be achieved in the short term and still has transformative and sustainable effects on the charcoal sector of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:44:51 GMT

Vulnerability and resilience to climate change in western Honduras

<p>The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) Project conducted the Western Honduras Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (Western Honduras VA) in 2014. The assessment represents a multidisciplinary effort to assess the impact of climate change and variability on social and ecological systems in Western Honduras. This assessment focused on Western Honduras&rsquo;s Dry Corridor (in Spanish, Corredor Seco) region and the six departments receiving Feed the Future (FtF) programming support: Cop&aacute;n, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Santa Barbara, Intibuc&aacute;, and La Paz. The objectives of this assessment were to: Understand the historical trends and future projections for climate in Western Honduras; Assess how these climate projections will affect livelihoods and ecosystems in the region; and Identify existing and potential adaptive responses that can be integrated into USAID, Government of Honduras, and other donor programming in Western Honduras to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems to climate-related impacts.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:37:21 GMT

Primary energy demand of renewable energy carriers: part 2 policy implications

<p>This paper is the second part of the two paper series focusing on the options for defining primary energy factors (PEFs) for renewables and clarifying the implications of these options in EU energy policy areas.</p><p>The aim of this paper is to present the current use of PEFs in EU legislation and provide an outlook on possible policy outcomes of using different PEF calculation methods in three energy policy areas and related EU legislation. This paper first describes how primary energy factors are used in the EU regulatory framework. Then, the study investigates to what extent different definitions of PEF for RE have implications on the three energy policy fields: EU Directives&ndash; Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), Renewable Energy Directive (RED); the influence on the target setting in overarching EU communications and energy accounting (statistics). The case studies address the policy implications and challenges of using different PEF methodology under these three energy policy areas.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:31:45 GMT

Better growth, better climate: the New Climate Economy report

<p>The New Climate Economy global report examining the potential for economic growth that can tackle climate change.</p><p>The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate was established to examine the potential for lasting economic growth that also tackles the risk of climate change. This global report produced as part of the commission&rsquo;s flagship project - The New Climate Economy - seeks to provide economic decision-makers, both in the public and private sectors, with the evidence and analysis they need to tackle both climate change, and more immediate concerns such as jobs, competitiveness and poverty.</p><p> The report opens with an introduction including theories and perspectives on growth and change. There follows eight chapters each dealing with different aspects and sectors involved: the strategic context of growth and climate change; cities; land use; energy; economics of change; finance; innovation; and international cooperation. </p><p> The report concludes that the capital for the necessary investments is available, and that the potential for innovation is vast. What is needed is strong political leadership and credible, consistent policies. To aid in the task of achieving this opportunity, the final chapter of the report recommends a 10-point Global Action Plan; the first six providing the conditions necessary for a strong and credible framework to promote low-carbon and climate-resilient investment and growth, and the final four providing opportunities that can drive future growth and lower climate risk in cities, land-use, and energy systems:<ul><li>Enter into a strong, lasting and equitable international climate agreement. </li><li>Phase out subsidies for fossil fuels and agricultural inputs, and incentives for urban sprawl, and direct additional money toward those on low incomes. </li><li>Introduce strong, predictable carbon prices as part of good fiscal reform and good business practice.</li><li>Substantially reduce capital costs for low-carbon infrastructure investments, expanding access to institutional capital and lowering its costs for low-carbon assets.</li><li>Scale up innovation in key low-carbon and climate resilient technologies, tripling investment in clean energy research and development, and removing barriers.</li><li>Make connected and compact cities the preferred approach to urban development.</li><li>Stop deforestation of natural forests by 2030 by strengthening incentives in forest protection and increasing international funding to around $5 billion per year (linked to performance).</li><li>Restore at least 500 million hectares of lost or degraded forests and agricultural land by 2030. </li> <li>Phase out new unabated coal power generation in developed countries immediately, and in developing countries by 2025.</li> </ul></p>

22 Oct 2014 13:23:41 GMT

Analysis and mapping of climate change risk and vulnerability in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

<p>This journal article argues that there is growing demand for spatially explicit information among stakeholders across public and private institutions regarding vulnerability to climate change at the local scale. This study was conducted over 16 districts in Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia, to determine the degree of climate risk and the relative vulnerability of the districts, to climate change and, thereby identify vulnerable hotspots. The results are taken to show that vulnerability mapping is crucial in determining the varying degrees of vulnerability of different localities, and generating information that can help researchers, policy makers, private and public institutions in formulating site-specific adaptation strategies and prioritising adaptation investments to the most vulnerable hotspots.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:16:18 GMT

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patterns

<p>This journal article argues that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. It is argued that coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources. Corresponding human and environmental activity shape conditions conducive to exacerbating high rates of HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, this epidemic is forming a &lsquo;syndemic&rsquo; with tuberculosis (TB), which has come to include multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. The paper argues that, because of high convergence rates, one epidemic cannot be addressed without understanding the other.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:28:58 GMT

Flood early warning systems in Nepal: a gendered perspective

<p>This report presents the Nepal focused findings of a study which assessed the institutional arrangements, key stakeholders, legal provisions, coordination and linkage mechanisms, and four key elements of early warning systems &ndash; risk knowledge, monitoring and warning services, dissemination and communication, and response capacity &ndash; from the perspective of gender. It also gathered experiences from two villages with functioning community-based flood early warning systems. The report suggests that, in view of the diversity of development issues and livelihood challenges that communities face on a day-to-day basis, it is important to tune early warning systems according to the local context. It is argued that early warning systems should be seen as a social and development activity rather than an exclusive domain of engineers and technicians. This simplification and democratization of early warning systems requires bridging the gap between technical departments and communities.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:21:12 GMT

Women’s vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains

<p>Previous findings from IWMI&rsquo;s research conducted in Madhubani, Bihar, India, and in Dhanusha and Morang of the Nepal Terai (Madhesh) were taken to substantiate previous literature on the region by showing how men and women are differentially affected by climate change. However, the studies outlined in this policy brief, show how gendered vulnerability stems from a diverse set of climatic and non-climatic causes, and is not always direct, and policy responses should be tailored accordingly. Patterns of agrarian stress and the resultant vulnerabilities are determined by a range of historically specific political, economic and social processes as well as climate stress. Migration, which is in part a response to climate stress, creates new forms of vulnerability, not only for migrants but also for those left behind&mdash;who are often women. It is also argued that it is crucial to explore how gendered vulnerability to climate change is intricately connected to other axes of inequality &ndash; namely class and caste.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:11:26 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

Forests in a changing climate: a sourcebook for integrating REDD+ into academic programmes

<p>This sourcebook seeks to take stock of the knowledge, approaches, tools and initiatives that have been developed for REDD+ and to facilitate their integration into multi-disciplinary higher education programmes, especially in countries actively engaged in REDD+ readiness efforts and preparations. It aims to provide guidance on curriculum development and integration of REDD+ concepts and methods into relevant postgraduate programmes, facilitate access of REDD+ materials to universities available in the UN-REDD Programme and engage university networks as strategic platforms and centres of excellence for mainstreaming REDD+ education research, development and outreach, and to build, through university education systems, the professional capacity and leadership needed for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The sourcebook is structured around a series of 12 modules covering the different aspects of REDD+.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:50:24 GMT

Design for improved water supply and water management in Hihifo district, Tonga

<p>This report provides design details and costs for the proposed long-term improvements to the water supply system at Hihifo on the island of Tongatapu, Kingdom of Tonga. This is part of the demonstration project under the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme. The proposed project aims to provide an opportunity for the Hihifo community to use local water resources sustainably and, hence, enhance the resilience of these water resources to the impacts of current climate variability and projected climate change. The present public water (or &lsquo;town water&rsquo;) supply system at Hihifo is based on groundwater pumped directly into the distribution system and has shown a high level of unreliability and poor water quality for a number of years.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:35:01 GMT

Planning climate resilient coastal cities: learnings from Panaji and Visakhapatnam, India

<p>Energy and Resource Institute working paper assessing climate resilience of infrastructure and services in two Indian coastal cities.</p><p>This year-long study by the Energy and Resources Institute aims to develop and test approaches that can increase the climate resilience of infrastructure assets and the services they provide in developing nations. This working paper documents the development and demonstration of an urban infrastructure inventory to support climate resilience planning, as well as a rapid climate vulnerability assessment approach for infrastructure services. Two coastal cities were chosen for the study: Panaji, the state capital of Goa, and Visakhapatnam, India.</p><p>Chapter one provides a brief introduction to the project, before chapters two and three give an overview of the approaches adopted for assessment in the project cities. For each step, experiences and challenges are summarised so as to best share learning for other practitioners. Chapter four explains the Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Coastal Cities methodology which was developed as part of this study. Chapter five discusses the approach for developing recommendations, before chapter six closes with key lessons and scope for further work.</p><p>The recommendations which emerge from the study cover structural measures, non-structural measures, and suggested data fields, broken down by sector. These include:<ul><li>Ecologically sensitive areas, i.e. mangroves: these require rehabilitation and preservation measures, and the maintenance of spatial maps of sensitive natural assets, including beach erosion levels near cities. </li><li>Solid waste management: waterproofing measures are required, such as barriers to reduce contact with flood-water, and creating elevated storage areas. Siting regulations should be reviewed and alternative sites identified upon vulnerability assessment.</li><li>Heritage and tourism: structural improvements are required to reduce the impact of flooding, and buildings should be checked for stability and efficiency, accounting for sea-level rise. Emergency plans are required to ensure the safety of tourists, requiring data on intensity and flows of tourists year round.</li><li>Water supply: work to prevent leakages and infiltration of flood water into pipelines, establish emergency supply plans; and ensure quality and frequent monitoring, especially during rainy season. Data required includes information on the age and capacity of treatment plants and seasonal reports on water quality. </li><li>Sewerage and drainage: the vertical elevation of the outfall channel needs to be above high tide level to avoid back flows, and climate resilient planning of new drains to support vulnerable city zones is needed. Alternative energy sources in vulnerable zones housing pumping stations should be identified, and mapping, capacity, and seasonal data on structures and water levels are recommended. </li> </ul></p>

22 Oct 2014 10:29:25 GMT

Draft policy framework for efficient water use in energy production

<p>This report proposes a policy framework which aims to enhance harmonisation of policies linked to water and energy. It is argued that this policy framework can assist in the development of new legal/policy instruments or review of existing instruments which direct the management of water, energy and other sectors. The paper argues that there is a network of legislative and policy instruments in South Africa that directs the management of water and energy resources and that synergy amongst them needs improve, especially when it comes to the efficiency of water use in the energy sector. It is argued that there is therefore need for a framework that can assist in tracing policy links in order to achieve sustainability towards effective and efficient resource management and planning.</p>

22 Oct 2014 09:53:31 GMT

The political economy of corruption and REDD+: lessons from the Philippines' pilot sites

<p>Corruption is a continuing feature of the Philippines&rsquo; natural resource sectors. Given keen interest in the country&rsquo;s REDD+ potential, it is useful to consider corruption risks related to REDD+ from a political economy perspective.</p><p>This U4 Issue draws on fieldwork from two REDD+ pilot sites to assess current governance and anti-corruption safeguards related to benefit-sharing, land tenure rights for indigenous peoples, and private sector involvement. Many anti corruption actions are in place in the pilot sites, but they are weakly embedded in social relations at the local level. More work is required to raise awareness of the benefits of governance safeguards to livelihoods and security of land tenure. The lack of a national REDD+ coordinating body means that the collection and dissemination of relevant anti-corruption lessons for REDD+ nationally remains challenging. Existing anti-corruption initiatives require solid implementation strategies as well as adequate financial support.</p>

21 Oct 2014 09:35:54 GMT

Zambia country profile: Monitoring, reporting and verification for REDD+

<p>This report provides an overview of the national REDD+ strategy and institutional capacity for Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) of REDD+ as well as the current state of knowledge of various elements critical to MRV of REDD+ in Zambia including: Current drivers and rates of deforestation and forest degradation; a review of standing biomass, forest growth rates and carbon stock estimates; and data sets available for MRV in Zambia. The report also identifies knowledge and data gaps that need to be filled in order to develop an effective MRV system for REDD+ in the country. Key knowledge gaps, such as carbon stocks and growth rates within different forest types, are outlined as well as recommendations as to how knowledge gaps and capacity to implement MRV of REDD+ can be addressed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:20:30 GMT

Changing Small Island Developing States: A space perspective on environmental change in the Caribbean

<p>This publication focuses on high-resolution imagery processed to illustrate the impacts on Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean of climate change, sea-level rise, coral bleaching, uncontrolled urban and tourism development, severe deforestation and selected natural hazards such as earthquakes, hurricanes, flooding and landslides. Through a series of case studies the report, written in English and Spanish, documents environmental changes in estuaries, mangroves, corals, coastlines and forests; as well as different approaches to land use and conservation; urbanization, tourism infrastructure and industrialization and finally disasters from pre-event hazard maps to impacts such as flooding and landslides and finally reconstruction efforts.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:14:35 GMT

Guidelines for the design and implementation of community-managed water storage in Tuvalu

<p>These guidelines were developed as part of the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project which aims to build resilience to drought by improving the Tuvalu&rsquo;s water resources management.</p><p>The publication details the process undertaken to design and build a community-managed water cistern in Lofeagai community, in the north of Funafuti Atoll. Lofeagai was selected for the PACC pilot demonstration project through a vulnerability and adaptation (V&amp;A) assessment and a stakeholder consultation process. This process identified Lofeagai as the most vulnerable community on Funafuti, followed by Tekavatoetoe. The project design stage included a socio-economic assessment (SEA) in the Lofeagai community, community consultations, and a cost&ndash;benefit analysis (CBA).</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:01:23 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

A sourcebook of biodiversity monitoring for REDD+

<p>This sourcebook highlights the complexities of biodiversity, REDD+ and monitoring biodiversity as part of REDD+. It adopts a simple four-stage monitoring framework: 1) Defining objectives: Why monitor biodiversity for REDD+? 2) Selecting indicators: What to monitor for REDD+? 3) Implementation of monitoring: How to monitor for REDD+? 4) Informing relevant audiences: Sharing and using the information generated.</p><p>Across this framework, the key considerations for REDD+ can be summarised under three criteria for meaningful monitoring: 1) Purposeful: having clearly stated goals and objectives; 2) Effective: being able to attribute changes in biodiversity to its causes; 3) Realistic: being able to achieve this given real-world resource constraints.</p>

14 Nov 2014 16:44:50 GMT

Improving livelihoods through conservation and education. A case study of the Swastha butterfly garden

<p>In many parts of the developing world, those with physical or mental handicaps are often considered to be a burden on society, with limited to no remunerative activities available in the workforce. Activities such as butterfly farming, which require precision and attention to detail, are potentially relevant for disadvantaged groups as a source of livelihoods. At the same time, such activities can be integrated with community-led conservation efforts as well. We provide a case study of the development of a butterfly garden at the Swastha Centre for Special Education and Rehabilitation in the Kodagu area of Coorg, a region in the state of Karnataka in India through which conservation-based activities are integrated with special education in a manner than builds skills, improves livelihoods, and serves as an important resource for environmental education. Our case demonstrates a scalable means by which butterflies can be used to educate, improve the environment, and offer livelihoods to the disadvantaged in a country where such opportunities are greatly needed.</p>

07 Nov 2014 19:02:46 GMT

The governance of global value chains for live butterflies

<p>Despite estimates that the global butterfly trade generates over US$100 million annually in sales of pupae for exhibitions and deadstock for a range of collector and artisanal uses, almost no research has been conducted that unpacks the dynamics of these value chains. This paper remedies this gap by highlighting the governance structure of the value chain, with important implications on the benefits for chain participants, upgrading strategies, sectoral sustainability, and the potential for new market entrants. This research on live butterfly chains reveals the fragility of current modes of economic organization that promote overproduction as threatening the long-term viability for the industry as a whole. The authors propose an alternative governance model based on the use of individually transferrable quotas, or ITQs, as a means of improving the performance of certain butterfly value chains.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:53:42 GMT

Promoting conservation in India by greening coffee

<p>The Indian coffee sector is at an important transition point, increasingly stuck in the middle between quality and value segments of the market. A potential niche for India is in the development of eco-friendly (green) coffees, leveraging the natural environment and biodiversity present in many regions. In this study, we conducted a value chain assessment of the coffee sector in Coorg, a major production area in India, to identify the potential entry points and constraints to a conservation-oriented strategy of upgrading. The results highlight that coffee value chains in Coorg are fragmented and largely uncoordinated, with innovative upgrading efforts largely individually motivated. This suggests that integrating conservation principles in a broad-based branding strategy could be difficult at the level of the chain without institutional support or the entry of chain champions. On the other hand, integrating conservation as a diversification activity e.g. through the development of butterfly gardens for tourism, could provide a low-cost way of adding value for farmers while promoting good environmental stewardship.</p>

07 Nov 2014 18:29:16 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Integrating protected areas into climate planning

Though protected areas have increased considerably over the last 130 years, there are several troubling trends, including national and regional disparities, ecological gaps, a decline in the growth of new protected areas, and problems with ineffective management. However, society increasingly expects protected areas to provide an expanded array of benefits, including climate mitigation, resilience and adaptation. This paper discusses the integration of protected areas into climate planning.<br /><br />The article argues that despite the overall growth in protected area coverage, the reality is that:<br /><ul> <li>there are great disparities in the world&rsquo;s protected area estate</li> <li>the rapid growth of protected areas is not uniform across countries reflecing several underlying factors</li> <li>whereas growth of marine protected areas has been impressive, much of this gain can be attributed to a relatively small number of very large marine reserves</li> <li>there has been a marked decline in the rate of growth for terrestrial protected areas in the last decade</li> <li>legal designation of an area as protected does not always ensure effective management.<br /></li></ul>The paper poses the following questions for policy makers in relation to the maximisation of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation.<br /><ul> <li>Where should new protected areas be located?</li> <li>How should protected areas be managed?</li> <li>What factors and policies are necessary? <br /></li></ul>The article suggests the following policy direction:<br /><ul> <li>a robust and compatible policy environment is essential for an effective protected area system</li> <li>planners should assess the economic value of protected areas in relation to climate change</li> <li>protected area policy makers should explicitly link protected areas into national climate change planning</li> <li>planners should take advantage of climate funding to improve the enabling environment by advocating for restoring degraded key protected areas</li> <li>planners should incorporate climate change into ecological gap assessments and consider climate-related design features in the layout of new protected areas</li> <li>planners can better integrate protected area planning into sectoral planning such as transportation, energy and invasive species; assess and communicate the full economic value of protected areas in addressing climate-related issues and ensure that protected areas are an integral part of climate adaptation planning. <br /></li></ul>The paper concludes that although there are potential tradeoffs between managing protected areas for biodiversity and for climate, the overwhelming social, economic and ecological benefits of protected areas make them a natural and cost-effective investment.

28 Feb 2012 01:38:52 GMT

Geographical indications, in situ conservation and traditional knowledge

<p>Geographical indications (GIs) have been a neglected area in the various fora addressing biodiversity and intellectual property. This policy brief focuses on basic GI concepts and the overall conclusion of the overview of over 30 GI cases. <br /></p><p>The document demonstrates the following observations:</p><ul> <li>GI development may promote biodiversity conservation directly through the use of a specific genetic resource, or indirectly through management practices that include ecosystem considerations</li> <li>current trends in multilateral and national GI protection systems show that the issue is moving in practice, and indicate that developing countries are active in GI development</li> <li>value chain differentiation is a very important concept in terms of GIs and has important policy implications <br /></li></ul><p>The paper concludes that indications of source, basic labelling of generics and the possibility of registering GIs according to the specific value chain should be considered within GI implementation strategies. In addition, promoting innovative approaches to marketing with a geographical identity is required as well. <br /></p><p>Final general recommendations are that:</p><ul> <li>GI protection systems should focus on the creation of an enabling institutional environment to prevent the false use of GIs</li> <li>GI registration systems should be precise and flexible and also consider the legal framework for the development of governing bodies</li> <li>the governance features of GIs should contribute to the respectful and creative use of traditional knowledge and practices</li> <li>regarding hunger and poverty alleviation goals, it is important to avoid economic exclusion processes at the local and regional level as a consequence of developing only high-end valuable markets</li> <li>in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agenda, the neglect of GIs within current conversations should end, and there should be deep discussions on GIs contributions to rural conservation <br /></li></ul>

27 Feb 2012 21:44:42 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Lima (COP 20)

The OECD will be actively participating through a series of OECD side events, a publications stand showcasing OECD latest work on climate and by taking part in a number of workshops, seminars and other events throughout the conference.

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 10:50:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

To be held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum will focus on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion will include the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and.... The draft agenda is now available.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 13:29:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Country profiles: OECD Indicators

For each of the 34 OECD member countries, the country profiles provide snapshots of key policy areas. Interactive graphs show indicators on air quality, biodiversity, climate change, energy-forest-water resources, waste generation, water quality and environmentally related taxes.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 17:29:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Public Financial Institutions and the Low-carbon Transition: Five Case Studies on Low-Carbon Infrastructure and Project Investment - Environment Working Paper

Public financial institutions (PFIs) are well-positioned to act as a key leverage point for governments’ efforts to mobilise private investment in low-carbon projects and infrastructure. This study identifies the tools, instruments and approaches used by five PFIs to directly support and scale-up domestic private sector investment in sustainable transport, energy-efficiency and renewable energy in OECD countries.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 10:41:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data - Environment Working Paper

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 12:51:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

OECD Programme on Water Governance

The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

US stocks boosted by China rate cut

US stocks close at yet another record high after China announced a surprise rate cut and the head of the European Central Bank hinted at further stimulus action.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 22:32:52 GMT

Delta swaps Boeings for Airbus jets

American airline Delta replaces its old Boeing planes in a $14bn order for 50 Airbus wide-body jets powered by Rolls Royce engines

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 10:03:57 GMT

Aereo files for bankruptcy protection

Aereo, the TV streaming upstart meant to take on US cable firms, files for bankruptcy protection after a Supreme Court decision threw the company's legality into doubt.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 15:56:07 GMT

RBS admits error in stress test data

State-backed bank Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) says a data error means it only just passed a European stress test of its balance sheet.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 18:05:14 GMT

Obama enforces immigration overhaul

Barack Obama uses executive powers to force through immigration reform, removing the threat of deportation for roughly four million people.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 12:41:53 GMT

HSBC under investigation in France

HSBC's Swiss-based private banking arm confirms it has been placed under formal investigation in France, days after being accused of tax fraud by Belgium authorities.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 18:07:59 GMT

Sotheby's chief executive steps down

The chief executive of renowned auction house Sotheby's, William Ruprecht, is stepping down after 14 years at the helm.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 01:14:16 GMT

Malaysia to end fuel subsidies

Malaysia plans to end petrol and diesel subsidies from December in an attempt to save billions of dollars and reduce its fiscal deficit.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 12:01:08 GMT

Uber in Singapore taxi app regulation

Singapore plans to regulate third-party taxi booking apps such as Uber by capping fees and limiting them to use only licensed vehicles and drivers.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 07:54:49 GMT

US Senate grills banks on commodities

Executives from three US banks are being questioned by senators over accusations the banks engaged in unfair trading practices relating to several commodities.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 18:47:40 GMT

Japanese PM Abe dissolves parliament

Japan's PM Shinzo Abe dissolves parliament paving the way for a snap election in December, as local media polls show a low level of support.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 06:57:49 GMT

UK drops EU bankers' pay challenge

In a surprise move, the UK government has withdrawn its legal challenge to EU legislation that caps the level of bankers' bonuses.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 22:45:53 GMT

VIDEO: Gebrselassie: From track to business

How Olympic athlete and world record holder Haile Gebrselassie has become a property mogul and leading investor in Ethiopia.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 17:29:05 GMT

AUDIO: Bob Marley marijuana brand launched

A Seattle-based private equity firm that invests in the marijuana industry has struck a deal with the estate of Bob Marley to launch a global cannabis brand.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:45:53 GMT

VIDEO: What's wrong with Japan's economy?

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe calls elections only two years after taking office due to the country's failing economy.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 19:33:23 GMT

VIDEO: Restaurant helps ex-convicts back to work

A former convict turned entrepreneur is looking to give other ex-offenders in Singapore a new lease on life through his restaurant chain Eighteen Chefs.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 23:30:17 GMT

VIDEO: Lagarde: Global recovery is fragile

IMF chief Christine Lagarde has told the BBC she wants more than words from G20 leaders and a delivery on their commitments.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 09:27:24 GMT

VIDEO: Ebola 'could shock global economy'

The President of the World Bank Group has told the BBC that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is a "potential shock to the global economy".

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 11:17:25 GMT

VIDEO: Samsung's virtual reality headset

Samsung's annual developers' conference in California has been exploring the latest in virtual reality gadgets - like its Gear VR.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 02:13:59 GMT

Holy trademark! Batman v Valencia

La Liga giants Valencia are facing a fight to be allowed to use a bat symbol on their crest - from the creators of Batman.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 13:29:23 GMT

'Poorest of poor' test talking tech

A charity is to give away 2,000 Talking Book audio computers to some of Ghana's poorest communities after securing funds from Unicef and ARM.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 17:22:18 GMT

Microsoft faults knock sites offline

Faults with Microsoft's cloud computing platform Azure knock many third-party sites offline and restrict access to its own apps.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:29:16 GMT

S&P gives Twitter debt 'junk' status

US ratings agency Standard & Poor's gives social media giant Twitter's debt "junk" status, which is three notches below investment grade.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 00:56:32 GMT

Oil price falls below $80 a barrel

Brent crude oil price falls below $80 a barrel for the first time since 2010, as Saudi Arabia fails to confirm a cut in production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 20:41:33 GMT

Iceland jails former bank boss

Former Landsbanki boss Sigurjon Arnason is sentenced to 12 months in prison for market manipulation, becoming the third Icelandic bank boss to be sent to jail.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:47:10 GMT

Shares dive in nuclear firm Areva

Shares in Areva have plunged after the French nuclear firm suspended its financial targets for 2015 and 2016.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 11:10:59 GMT

German economy avoids recession

Germany's economy avoids recession after growing 0.1% in the third quarter, with the eurozone as a whole expanding by 0.2%.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 11:05:49 GMT

Canary Wharf owners reject Qatar bid

The owners of Canary Wharf, Songbird Estates, reject a takeover bid from the Qatar Investment Authority and a US investor saying it undervalues the company.

Fri, 07 Nov 2014 11:18:33 GMT

South Africans face power outages

South Africa is being hit by rolling electricity blackouts as already constrained capacity is further squeezed by a coal silo collapse at a power plant

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 16:52:12 GMT

Crude oil prices hit four-year low

Crude oil prices hit a four-year low after Saudi Arabia unexpectedly cut the price of crude oil sold to the US, adding further to pressure on the growing US oil industry.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 19:42:42 GMT

China's factory activity stagnates

Activity in some of China's factories and workshops hits a six month low in November, a fresh survey shows.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 05:15:47 GMT

ANZ bank suspends seven traders

ANZ, one of Australia's biggest banks, has suspended seven traders as part of an inquiry into potential interest-rate rigging.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 07:21:13 GMT

Netflix in Australia by next March

US company Netflix announces plans to extend its TV and movie streaming service to Australia and New Zealand in March 2015.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:10:25 GMT

Scala to assess 'corruption' reports

The head of Fifa's Audit and Compliance Committee is to evaluate reports into alleged World Cup corruption.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 19:41:11 GMT

Premier League faces TV rights probe

Ofcom opens an investigation into how the Premier League sells live TV media rights for its football matches following a complaint from Virgin Media.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 12:47:50 GMT

Manchester United sees revenues fall

Manchester United sees its revenue fall by 9.9% to £88.7m for the three months to the end of September.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 13:01:45 GMT

Ultra HD gives firms clearer picture

Ultra high definition 4K video tech is enabling businesses to extract high quality still photos and experiment with hybrid moving photo formats.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 00:01:32 GMT

Translation tech talking business

As online content proliferates, translation services are booming and technology is helping them improve their speed and accuracy while lowering costs.

Fri, 14 Nov 2014 00:13:45 GMT

Ukraine's green tech start-ups bloom

Ukraine's young tech entrepreneurs dream of shaking up the country's inefficient energy market, encouraging innovation through "hackathons".

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 00:23:05 GMT

UAE's female fashion designers

As more Emirati women enter the private sector, a growing number are going into fashion design, reports Verity Ratcliffe from Dubai.

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 00:10:46 GMT

Ex-convict turned chef cooks up social change

A former convict turned entrepreneur is looking to give other ex-offenders in Singapore a new lease on life through his restaurant chain Eighteen Chefs.

Mon, 17 Nov 2014 21:19:01 GMT

Fashion made in Africa

Three women who founded Definition Africa, a fashion label based in Uganda, share their tips on how best to work in a business partnership.

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 00:01:38 GMT

Nissan profits boosted by US sales

One of Japan's biggest carmakers, Nissan, reports a 25% increase in half-year profits as strong US sales help to offset weaker demand elsewhere.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:35:49 GMT

Hyundai and Kia in record settlement

US regulators announce that carmakers Hyundai and Kia have agreed to a record settlement for overstating the fuel economy of their cars, in violation of the Clean Air Act.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 08:19:34 GMT

Strong rise in Toyota's China sales

Japanese carmaker Toyota saw a strong rise in sales through its two joint ventures in China last month.

Mon, 03 Nov 2014 07:53:10 GMT

Squeeze ends for the long-term employed

Living standards are rising for those in long-term work.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 14:20:15 GMT

RBS struggles against never-ending fines

RBS has more bad stuff to clear out before hitting clear blue water

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 10:07:33 GMT

Haile Gebrselassie: From athletics to the boardroom

Haile Gebrselassie on his move from athletics to the boardroom

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 22:00:16 GMT

Scandal strains Brazil's giant Petrobras

The mammoth corruption scandal surrounding Brazil's oil colossus Petrobras

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:32:01 GMT

Space agency plans Mars rover from Lego bricks

Space agency plans Mars mission with plastic bricks

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:29:06 GMT

Why is Formula 1 in crisis?

What are the root causes of F1's financial troubles?

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 12:21:28 GMT

Crowd investing opens up high finance

How crowd investment platforms are shaking up start-up land

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:34:20 GMT

China's increasing demands for gas

China's growing demand for Turkmenistan's gas

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 20:22:34 GMT

Child labour laws: A step back for advancing Bolivia?

Are child labour laws a step back for advancing Bolivia?

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 00:07:22 GMT

How McDonald's conquered India

How McDonald's changed its menu to succeed in India

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 19:51:45 GMT

Afghan businesses hope for change

Businesses in Afghanistan hope for change

Tue, 18 Nov 2014 20:17:16 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Turkey's Erdogan in Algeria to boost trade

(MENAFN - AFP) Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and a delegation of cabinet ministers and business people arrived in Algeria Wednesday for a visit aimed at improving commerci...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:35:57 GMT

Foreign Minister's Assistant Meets Gambian FM /CORRECTED REPEAT/

(MENAFN - QNA) HE Foreign Minister's Assistant for International Cooperation Affairs Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al-Thani on Wednesday with the Gambian Foreign Minis...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 08:01:47 GMT

Advisory Council Speaker, Croatian Parliament Speaker Review Ties

(MENAFN - QNA) HE Advisory Council Speaker Mohamed bin Mubarak Al Khulaifi on Wednesday met Croatian Parliament Speaker Josip Leko and the delegation accompanying him, currently o...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 08:01:45 GMT

Saudi Deputy Crown Prince Meets Iraqi Parliament Speaker

(MENAFN - QNA) Saudi Deputy Saudi Deputy Crown Prince, Second Deputy Prime Minister and Advisor and Special Envoy of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques Muqrin bin Abdul Aziz Al...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 08:01:41 GMT

Qatar Participates in Consultative Meeting for NATO's Istanbul Cooperation Initiative

(MENAFN - QNA) HE Qatar's Ambassador to Belgium and NATO Sheikh Ali bin Jassim Al-Thani participated in the first meeting for the consultative group of Istanbul Cooperation Initia...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 08:01:20 GMT

Qatar Airways adds extra flights to Edinburgh service

(MENAFN) Qatar Airways announced launching a daily direct flight to the Edinburgh, the Scottish capital from Doha's Hamad International Airport, starting May 1, 2015, thus increasi...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 05:51:56 GMT

Saudi- Killing fat cells: Effective cellulite treatments

(MENAFN - Arab News) Cellulite is nothing more than normal fat beneath the skin. The fat appears bumpy because it pushes against connective tissue causing the skin above it to puck...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 05:51:18 GMT

Saudi Aramco plans to increase oil resources by 2025

(MENAFN) Saudi Aramco, the state oil giant said that it expects to increase its oil resources to reach 900 billion barrels by 2025, in comparison with the current 790 billion barre...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 05:35:23 GMT

Qatar Airways lost USD200m over delays in A380 delivery

(MENAFN) Qatar Airways announced that it lost USD200 million in revenue, due to a three-month delay in the delivery of A380 superjumbo jets from Airbus Group, Arabian Business repo...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 05:23:43 GMT

Saudi inflation rate to remain stable in Q4

(MENAFN) According to Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency's (SAMA), Saudi Arabia's inflation rates are expected to remain stable during the October-December period of this year, Arab Ne...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 05:07:36 GMT

Qatar in talks to fund UK high-speed rail project

(MENAFN) Qatar said that it is interested in making investments, worth billions of dollars, in infrastructure around the north of England, including the new HS2 high-speed rail lin...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:49:28 GMT

Saudi's awarded contracts value falls to USD9.13b in Q3

(MENAFN) The value of awarded contracts in Saudi Arabia declined during the July-September period of this year, after displaying signs of recovery during the previous quarter, drop...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:39:13 GMT

Turkish PM to Visit Iraq Thursday

(MENAFN - QNA) Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is set to pay a two-day visit to Iraq on Thursday, a week after the Iraqi Foreign Minister Nouri al-Maliki's held talks in An...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:34:28 GMT

Saudi National Guard Minister Arrives in Washington

(MENAFN - QNA) Saudi Minister of National Guard Prince Miteb bin Abdullah bin Abdulaziz arrived in Washington DC last night on several days official visit to the United States of ...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:34:27 GMT

Israel Allows 500 Trucks into Gaza

(MENAFN - QNA) The Karem Abu Salem crossing was opened Wednesday morning to allow the entry of 500 trucks loaded with aids, goods and building materials, Head of the Coordination ...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:34:22 GMT

UN: Iraq's Anti-ISIS Strategy 'Bearing Fruit'

(MENAFN - QNA) The new Iraqi government's strategy of enlisting Kurds and local tribes in the fight against Islamists is yielding results, the UN envoy for Iraq told the Security ...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:34:20 GMT

Oman's economic growth to hit 4.5 percent in 2015

(MENAFN) Oman's economic growth is expected to grow by 4.5 percent in 2015, mainly due to a strong non-oil performance, while the country's gross domestic product (GDP) is expected...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:19:41 GMT

Kuwait's trade surplus hits USD19.54b in Q2

(MENAFN) Kuwait's trade surplus dropped slightly for the third consecutive quarter during the April-June period of this year, reaching USD19.54 billion, with the trade surplus proj...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 04:12:34 GMT

Dubai FDI investment to grow 10-15 percent in 2014

(MENAFN) Dubai's foreign direct investment is expected to grow by 10-15 percent this year compared to 2013, with focus being on the mega projects which have been announced by the g...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 03:30:30 GMT

Saudi's Jadwa eyes investment in real estate sector

(MENAFN) Saudi Arabia's Jadwa Investment announced it is planning to invest in domestic real estate as part of its plan to expand its investments to include more sectors, The group...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:53:30 GMT

UAE's Rashideen to build factory in Morocco

(MENAFN) UAE's Al Rashideen trading company announced it is planning to build a cigarettes factory in Morocco, in a partnership with local investors to take advantage of high domes...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:36:10 GMT

UAE's Abraaj gets approval on Bisco Misr acquisition

(MWNAFN) Abraaj Investment Management, the UAE-based firm, announced it has won regulatory approval for its USD119 million offer for Bisco Misr, one of Egypt's main producers of ca...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:27:36 GMT

Jewish settler shots, seriously injures Palestinian boy in W. Bank

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) A Palestinian boy was seriously injured when a Jewish settler opened fire at him near the West Bank city of Ramallah on Tuesday, locals said.I...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:01:14 GMT

Gulf Justice Ministers coordinate positions ahead of Arab meeting

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) rabian Gulf Justice Ministers met on Tuesday to coordinate positions at the Arab Justice Ministers' meeting, due tomorrow.The Arab ministers w...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:00:48 GMT

Egypt Zakat House holds conf. with Kuwait participation

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Grand Imam of Egypt's Al-Azhar University Ahmad Al-Tayeb said that the House of Zakat and Charity would be formed as a "legitimate and inde...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 02:00:10 GMT

US congratulates Burkina Faso on transition charter

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The US congratulated the people of Burkina Faso on Tuesday for the signing of the transition charter by representatives of civil society, poli...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:59:06 GMT

ommerce, Industry Min. arrives in Doha for WTO Conf.

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Deputy Premier and Minister of Commerce and Industry Dr. Abdulmohsen Al-Madaj on Tuesday highlighted the importance of Kuwait partaking in the...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:56:36 GMT

Spanish parliament recognize State of Palestine in symbolic gesture

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Spanish parliament on Tuesday cast an overwhelming majority vote in recognition of the State of Palestine, becoming the third parliament t...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:55:21 GMT

Qatar pleased with FIFA ethic cmte report on World Cup '22

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Qatari Higher Committee for projects and national Heritage expressed comfort on Tuesday after the report by the German judge Hans-Joachim Ecke...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:53:52 GMT

UNSC condemns ISIL "heinous" killings

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) ISIL's "heinous and cowardly" murders is a tragic reminder of the increasing dangers humanitarian personnel face every day in Syria, the UN Se...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:51:38 GMT

Albanian PM urges Kuwait's private sector to invest in lucrative fields in his country

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama has called on Kuwait's private sector to invest in different fields in his country, commending the State of K...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:50:25 GMT

5.2 mln in need of assistance in Iraq - Amos

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The Humanitarian conditions in Iraq are deteriorating as 5.2 million people are now in need of assistance throughout the country, UN Undersecre...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:48:18 GMT

UNGA's 3rd cmte adopts Human Rights resolution against DPRK, Iran, Syria

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The UN General Assembly's third committee adopted here several draft resolutions concerning human rights violations, including Syria, Democrati...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:47:32 GMT

Qatar- Globalisation of yuan bodes well for Qatar: Expert

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) China's renminbi internationalisation process can be a best opportunity for Qatar to diversify its huge foreign reserves, especially in the event of its g...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:42:10 GMT

Abraaj gets nod for Bisco Misr acquisition

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) UAE-based Abraaj Investment Management has won regulatory clearance for its 850m Egyptian pound ($119 m) offer for Bisco Misr, one of Egypt's main produce...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:40:52 GMT

Saudi- Aramco oil to grow to 900bn barrels

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) State oil giant Saudi Aramco expects to have 900 billion barrels of oil resources by 2025, up from the current 790 billion barrels, a company executive sai...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:40:19 GMT

Qatar- Banking sector pushes QE up by 46.68 points

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatar Exchange index gained 46.68 points, or 0.34 percent, when the bourse closed at 13,809.44 points yesterday. Trading value dropped to QR815.773m from Q...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:39:51 GMT

Qatar- Best Customer Service Bank honour for Mashreq

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Mashreq Qatar won the 'Best Customer Service Bank' in the Global Banking and Finance Review Awards 2014, a press release issued by the bank said yesterday...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:37:55 GMT

Qatar- IBQ wins Straight Through Processing award

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) International Bank of Qatar (ibq) has won the Commerzbank "Straight Through Processing (STP) award for the fourth year running in recognition for the Bank...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:37:30 GMT

Clean Sweep

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Relishing a piping-hot mishkak by the sea appears to be the perfect way to bring lazy weekends to a close. The throng that gathers around the makeshift stal...

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 01:37:07 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

OECD Economic Outlook to be released on Tuesday 25 November 2014

The OECD will present Economic Outlook No. 96, containing analysis and projections for its 34 member countries and other major economies, on Tuesday 25 November at 11:30 a.m. CET (10:30 GMT).

Thu, 20 Nov 2014 11:38:00 GMT

Switzerland takes important step to boost international cooperation against tax evasion

Switzerland has today become the 52nd jurisdiction to sign the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement, which will allow it to go forward with plans to activate automatic exchange of financial account information in tax matters with other countries beginning in 2018.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 16:36:00 GMT

Angel Gurría congratulates new Indonesian President for cutting fuel subsidies

Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD congratulated the newly elected President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, for taking a bold first step in his economic reform agenda by substantially cutting fuel subsidies.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Reforms poised to put India on a strong, sustainable and inclusive growth path, OECD says

The Indian economy is showing signs of a turnaround, but new reforms are needed to put the country on a path to strong, sustainable and inclusive growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of India.

Wed, 19 Nov 2014 06:00:00 GMT

G20: OECD to help monitor growth and gender commitments

Leaders of the G20 countries meeting at their Summit in Brisbane, Australia, have called on the OECD and IMF to monitor their commitment to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Sun, 16 Nov 2014 12:49:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: November 2014

OECD unemployment rate edges down to 7.2% in September 2014

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 16:25:00 GMT

Better professional training would boost skills and job creation, says OECD

Countries should step up their efforts to improve the quality of post-secondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of today’s job market, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 11:47:00 GMT

Emerging Asia to see healthy medium-term growth but institutional reforms will be critical for future, says the OECD Development Centre

While the outlook for many OECD countries remains subdued, Emerging Asia is set for healthy growth over the medium term. Annual GDP growth for the ASEAN -10, China and India is forecast to average 6.5% over 2015-19. Growth momentum remains robust in the 10 ASEAN countries, with economic growth averaging 5.6% over 2015-19.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 15:23:00 GMT

Developing countries to play greater role in OECD/G20 efforts to curb corporate tax avoidance

The OECD released today its new Strategy for Deepening Developing Country Engagement in the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, which will strengthen their involvement in the decision-making processes and bring them to the heart of the technical work.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:21:00 GMT

China headed to overtake EU, US in science & technology spending, OECD says

Squeezed R&D budgets in the EU, Japan and US are reducing the weight of advanced economies in science and technology research, patent applications and scientific publications and leaving China on track to be the world’s top R&D spender by around 2019, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, November 2014

Composite leading indicators point to continued weak growth in Europe and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 12 Nov 2014 08:35:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Comprehensive action needed to shift the global economy into higher gear, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon, according to the advanced G20 release of the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Thu, 06 Nov 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Economic activity is accelerating in the Slovak Republic, OECD says

Economic recovery is picking up in the Slovak Republic, but regional disparities and high unemployment must be addressed to ensure balanced inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 09:35:00 GMT

Redesigning how health services are delivered in Japan would better meet the needs of a super-ageing population, says OECD

Elderly individuals with complex, chronic diseases need continuous and tailored care to maintain their health and maximise their ability to participate in society. Japan must change the way it delivers health services for older citizens by strengthening its specialist primary care and making mental health care services more widely available, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 02:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 November 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.7% in September 2014

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 15:45:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.5% in the third quarter of 2014

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

The great revenge of the North?

Plans for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States have sparked considerable debate. Among the main issues contested are the lowering of food-safty standards (hormone-treated beef, chlorine-washed chicken), the democratic deficit of the negotiation process, as well as the granting of far-reaching rights and legal privileges to international investors, undermining national law. However, Rainer Falk and Barbara Unmüßig consider a topic thus far left out of critical debate: TTIP's implications for the "rest of the world," particularly for developing and emerging economies.

Nepal: The emergence of a resilient democracy

Three months after elections, a new cabinet was sworn in end of February in Kathmandu. The two largest parties have formed a coalition, with the new Prime Minister from the Congress Party, and 18 ministers from the Congress and UML parties. The mainstream Maoists voted in support but did not join an initially foreseen unity government. Where does the country stand at this moment?

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Township replanning: the case of INK

<p>The townships of Inanda, Ntuzuma and KwaMashu (INK) are about 25km north of the Durban city centre. The area covers 9340ha of land, and is home to about 580,000 people (18 per cent of Durban&rsquo;s population) in 115,136 households.</p><p>INK has one of the largest concentrations of low-income households in South Africa. In the mid-1990s a number of smaller local councils in the greater Durban area were amalgamated into a single metropolitan municipality, and the city was expanded to incorporate a number of townships. Because the political violence of the 1980s had been more intense in INK than in townships to the south of the city, it was relatively less developed. Almost 77 per cent of households earn less than R1600 per month, only 27 per cent of residents are employed and about 43 per cent of the people do not have formal houses. INK comprises 18 wards and is managed as a single entity by the eThekwini Municipality.</p><p>This study looks at the township re-planning project of in the INK townships and makes recommendations for efficiency. The KwaMashu Town Centre (KMTC) project began in 1999 as a node for economic development in INK. At the time of this study, INK was characterised by very high rates of unemployment, poverty and crime; low levels of formal education; a lack of adequate housing and basic services; low levels of access to public services; a lack of public space and recreation opportunities; and high levels of environmental degradation and pollution.</p><p>In 2001, national government launched the flagship Urban Renewal Programme (URP) to address infrastructure deficiencies and declining economies in areas characterised by widespread poverty and neglect. INK is one of eight targeted &lsquo;poverty nodes&rsquo; in former townships of South Africa&rsquo;s six metropolitan municipalities. The infrastructure investment is aimed at:</p><p>&bull; improving the delivering of community facilities;</p><p>&bull; maintaining existing infrastructure; managing informal trade;</p><p>&bull; enhancing road and pedestrian safety through physical works and education;</p><p>&bull; addressing service backlogs; supporting crime prevention through appropriate infrastructure design;</p><p>&bull; implementing the municipal land-use management programme;</p><p>&bull; attracting investment through integrated spatial planning supported by local area plans and precinct plans; and</p><p>&bull;developing and implementing an environmental land use and transport management system.</p><p>The paper concludes with the following &lsquo;lessons learnt&rsquo;: Look for linkages, deal with land issues, take careful account of stakeholder interests, clarify institutional roles and responsibilities, ensure plans take physical constraints into account, link capital expenditure to social goals, link small business to large business and pay attention to good intergovernmental relations.</p>

21 Nov 2014 16:36:07 GMT

The cost of hunger in Ethiopia: implications for the growth and transformation of Ethiopia

<p>The cost of hunger (COHA) study is an important step forward to better understand the role child nutrition and human development can play as a catalyser, or as a constraint, in implementation of Ethiopia&rsquo;s Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP). This plan, which projects a sustained GDP growth of 11 per cent to 15 per cent from 2010 to 2015, represents the national strategy of Ethiopia towards poverty eradication. In its implementation, the GTP outlines opportunities in the agricultural and industrial sectors, and a series of indicators that need to be monitored to assess the progress towards the ultimate goal.</p><p>The results of the COHA study demonstrate that in order to enhance and sustain the results envisioned in the plan, child stunting must be addressed as a key priority. The results also suggest that in order for the country to achieve sustainable human and economic growth, special attention must be given to the early stages of life as the foundation of human capital. These results of the study are supported by an evidenced base, and a model of analysis specially adapted for Africa, which demonstrates the depth of the consequences of child under-nutrition in health education and labour productivity. This study further quantifies the potential gains of addressing child under-nutrition as a priority.</p><p>Further findings of this study include:</p><ul><li>child under-nutrition generates health costs equivalent to 0.5 per cent of the total public budget allocated to health</li><li>as the health coverage expands to rural areas, there will be an increase of people seeking medical attention; this can potentially affect the efficiency of the system to provide proper care services</li><li>a preventive approach to under-nutrition can help reduce the incremental burden to the public sector, and also reduce the costs that are currently being covered by caretakers and families</li><li>stunting is one barrier to school attendance and retention that must be removed to effectively elevate the educational levels and improve individuals&rsquo; labour opportunities in the future</li><li>in the analysed countries, a reduction of the prevalence to half of the current levels of child under-nutrition by the year 2025 can generate annual average savings of 4.4 billion Ethiopian birr (US$376 million)</li></ul><p>The study presents the following findings as on-going initiatives to the reduction of child under-nutrition:</p><ul><li>promotion of awareness of the entire population</li><li>promoting the delivery of nutrition services integrating with other essential services</li><li>promoting optimal complementary feeding practices</li><li>initiating mandatory food fortification programs</li><li>promotion of Public-Private partnerships</li><li>increasing efforts and exploring further opportunities in Bio fortification</li><li>increasing nutrition sensitisation in existing sector activities</li><li>promoting the nutrition service delivery of adolescents</li><li>improvements in the Policy Environment</li><li>coordination of multi-sectoral nutrition interventions for common objective of addressing under-nutrition</li></ul>

21 Nov 2014 16:01:30 GMT

Juvenile Justice in the West Bank: analysis and recommendations for reform

<p>While the State of Palestine has made significant strides in enacting laws that are intended to protect the rights of juveniles in the criminal justice system, this study shows that poor implementation and lack of oversight undercut these laws.<br /><br />This report examines the challenges facing juveniles in the criminal justice system of the West Bank and provides recommendations to remedy systemic problems, in order to ensure that the rights of juveniles re protected. More specifically, the report:</p><ul><li>documents the current state of juvenile justice reform in the West Bank, the experiences of the International Legal Foundation&rsquo;s (ILF) juvenile clients and other juveniles within the Palestinian justice system, and the effect that their involvement in the criminal justice system has on their daily lives</li><li>based on this information, analyses the extent to which laws protecting the rights of accused juveniles are being implemented in practice</li></ul>

21 Nov 2014 14:20:26 GMT

Reducing the vulnerability of urban slum dwellers in the Southern African region to the impact of climate change and disasters

<p>Current estimates of climate change state that the world&rsquo;s average temperature is due to increase by at least 2oC to 2.4oC over the next 50‐100 years. Furthermore it is expected that by the end of the century a range of additional impacts will be felt: sea levels will rise by an estimated 60cm, resulting in flooding and the salinisation of fresh water aquifers, and snow and ice cover will decrease. Simultaneously, precipitation patterns will change so that some areas will receive large increases whilst other areas will become hotter and drier.</p><p>This concept paper summarises some of the current issues, concerns and debates surrounding urban vulnerability, climate change and the ability of certain adaptation and mitigation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p><p>Importantly for urban areas, it is expected that there will be an increase in the number and severity of certain types of &ldquo;disasters&rdquo; such as tropical cyclones, storms, floods and heat waves (GTZ, n.d.). There will also be a host of indirect impacts for cities, such as decreases in food production, freshwater availability and large numbers of migrants and climate change refugees (World Bank, 2010).</p><p>The paper find that the end result is that poor urban dwellers who already live in states of vulnerability and currently bear the highest health and diseases burden will be most affected by climate change. Within that group, differentiations can still be made such that women, the very young, and very old, new migrants and the generally socially and politically marginalized will be most adversely affected.</p><p>The author conludes by admiting that there are certainly &lsquo;gaps&rsquo; in the literature, advocacy&nbsp; on vulnerability of urban dwellers to climate change and suggests a variety of interventions around land rights, land tenure and vulnerability, mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce or moderate the impacts and effects of climate change for slum and informal dwellers.</p>

21 Nov 2014 14:16:08 GMT

The Chilean system of contributory pensions as locus of rivalry and of a new social compact

<p>In a context of rising life expectancy and the promotion of higher fertility through care policies, pension improvements must be consistent with improvements in economic productivity, with the increase in contribution densities as a result of better working careers, and the reduction of contributory evasion.</p><p>What is needed in Chile is a non-profit contributory system of individual accounts, so that the essence of the system&#39;s effort will be to maximize pensions for the benefit of all taxpayers, from the most humble to those with the highest incomes.</p><p>This study assesses the contributory pension system in Chile and offers some recommendations for reform, from the viewpoint of social rights that generate expectations of satisfaction. The primary objective of any pension system is to provide income security to the elderly, and contributory pensions must reflect the savings achieved throughout working life in order to guarantee that, for similar levels of effort, similar and proportionate protection will be obtained. Taking arguments from economic welfare theory and using empirical and quantitative evidence, we show that the low and decreasing long-term replacement rates of contributory pensions are related to the profit orientation of the&nbsp; contributory pension system and theaccompanying rationale employed by private administrators and the related financial and business network.</p><p>The reforms proposed are justified on the grounds that under certain circumstances the State AFP (public pension fund administrator), because it is not governed by profit, can fulfil a crucial function in terms of a generalized increase in pension replacement rates, and can have direct and indirect systemic effects that will be of substantial benefit to the middle class, which is greatly disadvantaged under the current system. The study insists on the need to move toward a new, compulsory contributory system of individual accounts not geared to profits, and it offers some general guidelines to this effect. In addition, it illustrates the need for care policies that can enhance the sustainability of financing for social protection.</p>

21 Nov 2014 13:47:22 GMT

Fighting for land security in Southern Africa

<p>It has emerged quite clearly from Urban LandMark&rsquo;s work in South Africa &ndash; and increasingly in the region &ndash; that the emergence of more sophisticated property markets has taken place locally and in most larger cities in the region. While there might be a need to assist these markets to develop further, in particular the need to build market institutions and professions, these groupings tend to increase their own capacities as the markets develop, mostly with little assistance.</p><p>In the Southern Africa region, something more fundamental is needed. Most poor people, the majority in most cities and towns, do not have a legalised pathway to accessing land. They also do not have an administratively and legally supported way of holding onto land once they have accessed it &ndash; usually extra-legally, or in areas just beyond urban boundaries where land law becomes quasi- or fully customary. And nor do they have any way of then trading legally in property or use rights. As a result, many people occupy land or inadequate shelter illegally and are then constantly vulnerable to eviction, have little access to basic services, and are not part of the planning process of cities.</p><p>This study finds that entrenched urban poverty is as much a symptom of weak access to land and property as it is a cause. Therefore, upgrading settlements and incremental movement towards secure tenure for families living in poverty is a crucial part of building resilient livelihoods and communities in southern Africa. Markets are part of the picture if more fundamental inclusion of the poor into the urban economy is to be addressed, because it is about competition for valuable space and about (sustainable) participation in growing urban economies.</p><p>The paper observes that the issue of climate change is real stressin that where rapidly growing cities meet the effects of climate change, the future may well be bleak, especially if cities and towns in sub-Saharan Africa continue to be characterised by poverty, inequality and<br />weak institutions.</p><p>The author argues that if access to land, how land is held and how land is traded are not clearly defined (whether for residential or business purposes), one of the key building blocks for sustainable poverty alleviation and economic growth is missing. Similar to the argument for food security, land security is fundamental to development in the region. In order to achieve this, the paper concludes by recommending that comprehensive urban poverty strategies need to be linked to city development strategies.</p>

21 Nov 2014 13:17:45 GMT

Governance and democracy attitudes in higher performing African countries

<p>Namibia is usually regarded as one of the best performing democracies in Africa. This paper compares public attitudes that are central to democratic life across high performing countries in Africa, focusing particularly on Namibia, yet shedding lights also on small countries such as Mauritius and large countries such as South Africa.</p><p>The paper explains that countries under consideration all have strong institutional features and reputations for democratic governance, but the critical element of public sentiment also plays a vital role in shaping and consolidating democratic governance.</p><p>Findings are as follows:</p><ul><li>the largest number of surveyed citizens in each country indicated that their country was a democracy with minor problems</li><li>in terms of describing national elections, all of the countries gave above 75% response rates for fully free and fair or only minor problems</li><li>nevertheless, none of the countries featured have majority support for the voters as the main mechanism for accountability</li></ul><p>Identically, the document notes that Namibia and South Africa trail the other peer countries on several of the democracy questions discussed in the paper. Subsequently, the author thinks the liberation struggle and dominant party rule experiences may influence opinions about democracy and alternative forms of political governance in comparison to other African democracies with more diverse, post-independence political experiences.</p>

21 Nov 2014 11:15:12 GMT

Sensory acceptability trial for a chickpea based ready to use supplementary food among moderately malnourished children (6 – 59 months)

<p>Malnutrition is one of the most important causes of child mortality in Ethiopia being the underlying cause of 57 per cent of child deaths in Ethiopia. These children and their mothers suffer from the poor health and nutrition situation in the country. Stunting and underweight rates of children aged from 6 to 59 months in Ethiopia is one of the highest in the world making both short term and long term nutrition intervention measures very crucial. As part of the effort to tackle this deep rooted problem, World Food Programme (WFP) developed chickpea based locally produced ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) products and collaboratively worked with Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EPHI) to assess the sensory acceptability of two locally-produced chickpea-based RUSF formulae among moderately malnourished children aged 6 to 59 months and assess the readiness of their caregivers to administer such food.</p><p>The general objective of the study is to assess sensory acceptability of locally-produced chickpea-based RUSF &ldquo;Acha Mum&rdquo; among moderately malnourished children (6-59 months) and to assess the readiness of their caregivers to administer such food.</p><p>The specific objectives of the study include to:</p><ul><li>assess the level of acceptance of two chickpea-based RUSF products by children six to 59 months in terms of liking or disliking of the product</li><li>examine the level of acceptance of two chickpea-based RUSF products by children six to 59 months in terms of quantity consumed per feed and any effect it may have on their health</li><li>assess acceptability of two chickpea-based RUSF products by caregivers of children six to 59 months in terms of taste, flavour, colour and texture</li></ul><p>The research shows that:</p><ul><li>about half of the respondents (46 per cent) are farmers while 29 per cent are housewives; only 21 per cent have formal education</li><li>on Child Diet Diversity, about 89 per cent of children consumed complementary food from starchy staple food; 17 per cent Vitamin A rich foods; 57 per cent DGLVs; no child consumed meat, fish and eggs; 49.3 per cent legumes, nuts and seeds; 36.4 per cent, milk and milk products and the Mean Dietary Diversity is rated at 2 out of the 9 food groups</li><li>there was no statistically significant difference among the 5 out of the 9 parameters of<ul><li>child response as perceived by the mother</li><li>child response as perceived by the interviewer</li><li>amount of RUSF consumed by the child during the test period</li><li>time spent with the food by the child during the study period</li><li>smell of the RUSF product as tested by the mother</li></ul></li><li>acceptability evaluation by region based on the mothers&rsquo;/caregivers&rsquo; and interviewers&rsquo; response found that Amhara region had accepted the two products more than the other four regions with an average mean value of 4.76 and 4.59 by mother/ caregiver and interviewer respectively</li></ul>

20 Nov 2014 19:56:33 GMT

How does Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net program affect livestock accumulation and children’s education?

<p>The report uses panel data from Northern Ethiopia to investigate the welfare impact of Ethiopia&rsquo;s Productive Safety Net Program. We assess whether the program raised livestock asset levels and children&rsquo;s education among participant households. Using treatment effects models, we find that participants in the public work component invested more in livestock and children&rsquo;s education than non-participant households after controlling for selection into the program. Participation in the program helps to protect beneficiaries from sacrificing their children&rsquo;s education in response to shocks. Our conclusion remains the same when we control for the extent of down sale of livestock to avoid graduation from the program.</p>

20 Nov 2014 19:53:28 GMT

Overview of the Ethiopian National Food Consumption survey (NFCS): implications for fortification programs

<p>In 2011, the then Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute now EPHI conducted the Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey (FCS) in response to a request by the Federal Ministry of Health to provide evidence for the National Food Fortification Program. The survey collected nationally and regionally representative cross-sectional FCS among 8424 households (HH) across nine regions and two city administrations. In most HH, one child 6-35 months and one woman 15-45 years were interviewed for selected socio-demographic characteristics, recent morbidity, anthropometry and single 24 hour dietary recall, including recipes, food sources and methods of preparation.</p><p>The objective of the survey was&nbsp;to collect individual level food consumption data at the national and regional level in order to:</p><ul><li>identify commonly consumed foods in different geographical settings, thus potential food vehicles for fortification</li><li>determine the level of fortification possible, given current intakes of fortifiable foods, and potential impact on improving intakes of key micronutrients (iron, vitamin A, zinc), particularly in children and women of child bearing age</li></ul><p>Some of the challenges encountered during the survey are:</p><ul><li>financial delays during data collection</li><li>logistics</li><li>extreme weather conditions (high rainfall and extremely hot, up to 47&deg;C in Afar)</li><li>difficulties with cleaning, checking and coding of dietary data</li><li>enlarging the existing Ethiopian food composition table to include key nutrients for more than 2000 items</li></ul><p>The following are the results of the survey:</p><ul><li>the proportion of children, women and men who reported consuming a food that contained any purchased wheat flour (thus, potentially fortifiable) in the previous 24 hours are 28 per cent of children and 20 per cent of women nationally, and 67 per cent of children, 52 per cent of women, 47 per cent of men living in urban areas</li><li>the consumption of oil was much higher, with 45 per cent and 50 per cent of children and women nationally respectively, and 69 per cent, 72 per cent and 77 per cent of children, women and men living in urban areas</li></ul><p>The report suggests that evidence-based justification is required in order to identify appropriate food vehicle and fortify any products for the general population. Data are being used to develop the NFS and number of other diet-related strategies and programs. Hence, it provides an extensive resource to inform and guide nutrition policy, strategy, educational messages and program development for many coming years.</p>

20 Nov 2014 19:47:43 GMT

Factors associated with dietary practices and nutritional status among pregnant women in Wondo Genet district

<p>Malnutrition is a serious public health problem linked to increase in the risk of mortality and morbidity (Blossner and de Onis, 2005). Women and young children are most affected. Diets that are deficient in macro and micronutrients place people at risk of malnutrition. A total of 925 million people were undernourished in 2010 worldwide (FAO, 2010).</p><p>Pregnancy is a critical period for meeting the body&rsquo;s demand for macro and micronutrients (West, 2002; Mason et al., 2001). Pregnancy increases energy needs by 13 per cent, protein by 54 per cent and vitamin and mineral by 0-50 per cent. In developing countries, poor nutritional status in pregnancy accounts for 14 per cent of foetuses with IUGR, maternal stunting may account for a further 18.5 per cent (ACC/SCN, 2000). In Ethiopia, 50 per cent of the population cannot meet their daily minimum energy requirement of 2200 calories (MOPED, 1999), 871 and 673 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2000 and 2005, respectively. Rural women are more likely to suffer from CED than women in urban areas (Teller and Yimar, 2000). Filling the gap in knowledge of maternal under nutrition and generating information for intervention is important to maternal nutritional during pregnancy.</p><p>This study aims to assess dietary practices, nutritional status and associated factors among pregnant women in Wondo Genet district, Sidama Zone, South Ethiopa. Specific objectives of the study are to:</p><ul><li>explore dietary practices of mothers during pregnancy</li><li>identify the factors associated with nutritional status of pregnant women</li><li>investigate the factors associated with sub-optimal dietary practices of pregnant women</li></ul><p>The study reveals that factors associated with nutritional status and dietary practices among pregnant women are number of pregnancies, consumption of cereal foods, household size, growing &lsquo;khat&rsquo; and vegetables. Energy and most of the nutrients intakes of pregnant women are lower than recommended intakes. Dietary practices and nutritional status are not adequate to support their increased energy and nutrient requirement.</p><p>Furthermore, the nutritional status and dietary practices of pregnant women in rural community of the Wondo Genet district are not adequate and optimal to support the increased energy and nutrient requirement of the pregnant women.</p>

20 Nov 2014 19:41:05 GMT

Land valuation and perceptions of land sales prohibition in Ethiopia

<p>This study investigates attitudes towards legalizing land sales and Willingness to Accept (WTA) sales prices and compensation prices for land among smallholder households in four different areas in the Oromia and SNNP Regions in the southern highlands of Ethiopia.</p><p>Household panel data from 2007 and 2012 are used. The large majority of the sample prefers land sales to remain illegal, and the resistance to legalizing land sales increased from 2007 to 2012. In the same period, perceived median real land values increased sharply but also exhibit substantial local variation.</p><p>Land loss aversion is associated with higher land values and less willingness to sell land if land sales were to become legal. The substantial increase in perceived land values, high economic growth and outmigration of youth have yet to persuade the rural population in southern Ethiopia to open the land sales market.<br />&nbsp;</p>

20 Nov 2014 19:38:07 GMT

Evaluation of the dynamics of national nutrition program implementation in Ethiopia

<p>The Government of Ethiopia developed a National Nutrition Strategy in 2008, followed by a National Nutrition Program. The revised plan of action for nutrition has recently been updated to focus on stunting and multi-sectoral approach and cover the period from September 2012 to August 2015. Both at the global and country level in Ethiopia there is increased awareness that investment in nutrition is key to development of human capital. Ethiopia has made progress in decreasing malnutrition. Between 2000 and 2011, based on DHS data (DHS, 2000; DHS, 2011), stunting decreased from 58 per cent to 44 per cent and during the same period underweight was reduced from 41 per cent to 29 per cent. While progress has been made in improving nutrition, the Government of Ethiopia, with its partners, wants to accelerate the rate of decrease in levels of malnutrition.</p><p>The aim of this research is to elicit insights from among key policymakers and stakeholders about how a range of policies and programs get translated from the design phase (on paper) to the implementation phase (in practice) and to assess cross-sector coordination and facilitators and constrains to implementation.</p><p>The study is a semi-quantitative study and interviews key informants who are purposefully selected for the information at the federal and regional (Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR, and Tigray) of Ethiopia. The sectors included are: health, agriculture, education, finance and economic development, trade, industry, cooperatives, civil services, women, children and youth affairs, and social protection. Interviewees also include stakeholders from UN agencies, bilateral donors (USAID, DFID, CIDA) and non-governmental bodies (e.g. Save the Children, MI, Alive &amp;Thrive and FANTA 3). A total of 24 interviews were held at the national level and 307 interviews were conducted with the response rate of 93 per cent at the sub-national level. Purposeful sample of four regions, two zones from each region and two woreda from each zone was used. Interviews were conducted from June 2013 to July 2013.</p><p>The study finds that there is a general consensus at the national level that three problems account for the major portion of poor nutritional status in Ethiopia; these include food insecurity, acute malnutrition and micro nutrient deficiencies.</p><p>The following recommendations are proposed by the study:</p><ul><li>coordination: in the office of the prime minister</li><li>maintaining the high level of enthusiasm</li><li>awareness creation at all levels</li><li>capacity building</li><li>establishing monitoring and evaluation system</li><li>nutrition focal person at all sectors level</li></ul>

20 Nov 2014 19:34:04 GMT

Diet diversity is negatively associated with stunting among Ethiopian children 6-23 months of age

<p>Stunting (i.e. height-for-age z-score (HAZ)) during childhood is a major public-health problem in underdeveloped and developing countries as a result of chronically not meeting nutrient requirements for growth between conception and 24 months of age. The presence of stunting indicates that nutrient intake has been suboptimal not only for growth, but also for other critical functions of the body, such as brain development and the immune system.`</p><p>Findings from the 2011 Ethiopian Health and Demography Survey indicates that 44 per cent of children under five years-of-age were stunted and 11 per cent were consuming minimum diet diversity (DD), a World Health Organization core indicator for infant and young child feeding. Several studies show that DD is positively associated with overall dietary quality, micronutrient intake of young children and household food security. A higher DD has also been associated with better nutritional status of children in developing countries. This association has not yet been explored in Ethiopia, where the prevalence of stunting is high and overall dietary quality is likely to be poor. This analysis was undertaken to determine the association between dietary diversity and stunting among children 6-23 months of age in Ethiopia using National Food Consumption Survey data.</p><p>In this research, nationally and regionally representative data from the 2011 Ethiopian National Food Consumption Survey, weighted for relative population sizes (n=4100 children 6-23 months-of-age), is used for analysis. A DD score (DDS) is calculated for each child by categorizing individual foods consumed in quantities &gt; 5g in the past 24-hours into the United Nations Children&rsquo;s Fund seven food groups for DD. Chi-square test is used to determine in which regions children are consuming minimum DD, defined as having a DDS &ge;4 food groups. The association between stunting and DDS is determined using logistic regression model, including all potential socioeconomic, demographic and physiological confounders.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Findings demonstrate that limited diversity in complementary foods is a predictor of stunting among children 6-23 months of age in Ethiopia. This reinforces the notion that improved food variety may indeed reflect a greater likelihood of meeting daily energy and nutrient requirements, which would result in improved nutritional status among young children.</span></p>

20 Nov 2014 19:28:47 GMT

Cultivating nutritious food systems: a snapshot report

<p>This report is the first in a series of snapshot reports by GAIN. It follows nutrition along the agricultural supply chain and explores the success stories and challenges where agriculture and nutrition are working together.</p><p>It&rsquo;s estimated that by 2050, the world&rsquo;s population could reach 1 billion. We all need nutritious diets in order to live healthy and productive lives. Despite the intrinsic relationship between the food we grow and the food we eat, the agriculture and nutrition sectors are just now beginning to move closer together. The high rates of malnutrition among farming communities are a stark reminder that the link between agriculture and nutrition is broken.</p>

20 Nov 2014 16:12:37 GMT

The link between food, nutrition, diet and non-communicable diseases

<p>This brief addresses why non-communicable diseases (NCDs) need to be considered when addressing major nutritional challenges:</p><ul><li>Foods, diets and nutritional status are important determinants of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).</li><li>NCDs affect people in every corner of the world.</li><li>Populations around the world are increasingly exposed to foods and diets that influence the risk of developing NCDs</li><li>undernutrition places people at risk of developing NCDs</li><li>Food systems present challenges to the prevention and control of NCDs as well as undernutrition.</li><li>A more concerted response is needed for policy actions, governance and monitoring and evaluation</li></ul><p>It also provides a set of recommendations for:</p><ul><li>National governments</li><li>International health, food and development agencies</li><li>Researchers</li><li>Donors and research funders</li><li>Civil society</li></ul>

20 Nov 2014 16:04:50 GMT

How can agriculture and food system policies improve nutrition?

<p>Governments the world over are focused as never before on the importance of linking agriculture and food markets with improved health and nutrition. Recent food price volatility, expected population and food demand growth, changing dietary patterns and the threat of climate change are all factors adding complexity to the challenge of achieving food and nutrition security. Moreover, production, marketing and consumption patterns are changing rapidly the world over, which requires a new understanding of the dynamic pathways that link producers to consumers. The dialogue around healthy food systems and healthy populations has to be reframed to take account of both intended and unintended consequences of policy actions and private sector investments. Addressing not just agricultural productivity but improvements throughout the food and healthcare system represent critical opportunities for reducing malnutrition.</p><p>Policy decisions affect many other parts of the food system, including agriculture, consumer knowledge and food choices. Thus, more attention needs to be paid to understanding and promoting policy actions that support nutrition-enhancing food systems as a whole. The question is how. Which policies and programmes work best in what contexts? While the evidence for appropriate health sector policies and services supporting nutrition is strong, the equivalent evidence regarding appropriate policy choices linking agriculture via food systems to consumer choices resulting in high quality diets remains weak.</p><p>This Technical Brief from the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition lays out the rationale for placing higher policy priority on investments in agriculture and food chain developments for nutrition, including the generation of new evidence of what works best, and presents a conceptual framework to help build understanding of the various entry points for policy action across the food system. It represents the first in a series of technical briefs prepared by the Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition to disseminate information useful to inform policy, programme and investment to benefit nutrition, particularly among vulnerable mothers and children.</p>

20 Nov 2014 15:50:34 GMT

Urban land markets in Southern African cities

<p>The cities in southern Africa reflect the rapid urbanisation characteristic of sub-Saharan Africa in general. Angola, Botswana and South Africa have the highest levels of urbanisation with about 60% of their population living in cities in 2010 and this percentage is expected to rise to about 80% by 2050.</p><p>The main drivers of urban growth in the region are natural increase (population growth), peri-urban rural settlements inclusion within city boundaries and rural to urban migration, both within and between countries, although migration in southern Africa is largely circular and seasonal with people moving between their homes in rural areas and workplaces in industrial, commercial and mining towns.</p><p>The study indicates that in southern African cities, the formal sector is unable to meet the demand for urban land amongst the majority of residents &ndash; the urban poor. The bulk of the demand for land is met through the informal market, which is open to all income groups. However, neither the formal nor the informal system is working well for the poor. For example, in Maseru the commercialisation of the informal market excludes the poorest households. Understanding the factors that affect how land markets work can help us to identify interventions that may help poor people to access suitable land and adequate accommodation in cities.</p><p>Urban land markets in southern African cities are influenced by the dynamics related to two different tenure systems:</p><p>&bull; Customary tenure of communal land that is not formally registered;</p><p>&bull; Statutory tenure of land that is registered, with land rights being held through a freehold or a leasehold.</p><p>The study states that efficient and equitable land markets are necessary for well-functioning cities. However, examples in this case study show how, in an effort to meet the increased demand for land in peri-urban areas, government interventions and a lack of capacity to adequately administer and manage land have distorted the operation of urban land markets. This has increased the gap between rich and poor in terms of access to land. Examples further suggest that unlimited market forces also exclude the poor &ndash; in both formal and informal markets.</p><p>Recommendations for a transitional approach from informal to formal urban land markets identified in the research study include:</p><ul><li>Create institutional structures that will facilitate the gradual transition from informal to formal markets.</li><li>&nbsp;Devolve certain municipal functions to these transitional institutional structures, such as the registration of occupancy, enforcement of basic land use regulations, dispute settlement and simple title registers by local chiefs or their equivalents.</li><li>Make sure that the transitional institutional structures permit access to property development finance and are supported to initially undertake land management and planning at the sub-municipal level.</li><li>Develop land supply and administrative systems that reinforce emerging market relations whilst also ensuring that such markets work for the common good.</li></ul>

20 Nov 2014 15:33:13 GMT

Urban Land Markets in East Africa

<p>The cities in the East African region are characterised by rapid urbanisation and uncontrolled spatial sprawl, with large informal settlements and inadequate service provision. The research study investigates how urban land markets operate in such a context, and particularly, how effectively poor people can access, trade and hold land.</p><p>Whilst each country has its own characteristics, laws and regulations that influence land transactions, some common features were identified. The examples chosen for this case study illustrate this variety as well as some of the elements and challenges that are common to urban land markets in this region.</p><p>Urban land markets may be considered to work well if, for example, people are able to access adequate shelter with basic services, in suitable locations with reasonable security of tenure. In view of this, the following recommendations are offered:</p><p>&bull; Plan with a vision &ndash; to create better living environments for all citizens with efficient and affordable basic services, more compact city structures to reduce residents&rsquo; travel times and costs, and to reduce urban areas encroaching on peri-urban land with high agricultural potential that could be better used to grow food for city dwellers.</p><p>&bull; Address the needs of the poor, particularly regarding infrastructure, shelter and service delivery.</p><p>&bull; Identify ways to integrate newcomers to the city into the formal land delivery system, for example make it easier and less expensive for land to be sub-divided into smaller plots, particularly in rapidly growing peri-urban areas.</p><p>&bull; Develop the capacity of public authorities to plan, allocate, administer and manage land efficiently and effectively.</p><p>&bull; Develop land information systems to inform land-use planning and urban land markets and guard against well-connected individuals abusing the system to the disadvantage of the urban majority.</p><p>&bull; Recognise that customary or informal systems are not merely &lsquo;survival&rsquo; tenure systems. Both systems have their advantages and shortcomings.</p><p>&bull; Take account of the local or national context when considering whether it is desirable or feasible to phase out a customary system over time. Where both systems are maintained, clarify the interface between them and make it workable.</p><p>&bull; Nurture and accommodate innovative land allocation approaches to enhance land accessibility for all urban citizens.</p>

20 Nov 2014 15:28:56 GMT

Small-scale Private Rental in South Africa

<p>Small-scale private rental is an international phenomenon, and is not unique to South Africa. This sub-sector is generally one of the most successful, efficient and pervasive accommodation delivery systems in South Africa. Of the 2.4-million South African households that rent their primary accommodation, 850 000 (35%) occupy small-scale private rental units. This equates to approximately 10% of all South African households.</p><p>This study examines the small-scale private rental sub-sector and its potential to deliver housing in South Africa. The research describes this sub-sector as a housing delivery system that is based on contracts between landlords and tenants, and exists on privately held land. It presents a continuum from single room, affordable-for-low-income-group options to the &lsquo;granny flat&rsquo; options more commonly found in the suburbs.</p><p>There are various reasons why small-scale private rental should be considered a viable option within South Africa&rsquo;s human settlements strategy and programmes. These include the following:</p><p>&bull; there is a significant demand for housing from single people to small family units for whom the standard Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) solution (i.e. low-cost, subsidised housing to buy) is not appropriate;</p><p>&bull; many people have sufficient disposable income to afford low-end rentals offered privately;</p><p>&bull; in most residential areas (whether suburbs or townships) infrastructure already exists, so additional small-scale private rental in these areas is not a&nbsp;significant cost to the state;</p><p>&bull; accommodation within existing residential areas gives many locational advantages (e.g. access, transport or amenities).</p><p>Various barriers to more effective delivery of housing by this sub-sector like, perceptions that it promotes &lsquo;slums&rsquo;, and various current policy and delivery failings or gaps are also examined in the study.</p><p>Finally, the study recommends that new policy is required that enables the small-scale private rental sub-sector to deliver housing as an integral part of the state&rsquo;s human settlements strategy and programmes.</p>

20 Nov 2014 15:20:53 GMT

Strategies to help poor people access urban land markets

<p>City planners mostly agree that poor people need to be better located in cities to improve their access to social amenities and economic opportunities. Living, trading or producing goods on better located land also gives people access to markets, which improves the potential for sustainable poverty alleviation.</p><p>This vision has been at the heart of planning for cities in developing countries for decades. And yet it has not happened to any great extent, at least not in South Africa. The poor remain in poor locations and on low value land, disconnected from physical and market networks.</p><p>Urban land that would give poor people the means to create wealth is in high demand and thus sought after by the more powerful sectors of the economy. Given the &lsquo;logic&rsquo; of the market, poorer communities, and state actors such as municipalities that act on their behalf, are often unable to bid competitively on valuable land. State interventions can distort the market in favour of poor people, but they are still vulnerable unless they are also using the land in ways which extract sufficient value. Low-income housing and small-scale production and trade are rarely profitable or intense enough to compete for good locations in market terms within the current predominant South African urban form. Therefore the development planning vision of equitable and integrated cities remains unrealised, not to mention the achievement of slum-free cities.</p><p>The paper looks at this conundrum in the South African context and suggests ways in which poor people can be spatially and economically integrated into cities by increasing their bidding power, including improving the intensity of land utilisation. These strategies include:</p><p>&bull; providing access to suitable land;</p><p>&bull; supporting higher intensity of land use;</p><p>&bull; enabling local value capture on desirable land;</p><p>&bull; promoting partnerships and associations;</p><p style="margin-left:36.0pt">&bull; introducing pro-poor land access policies and incentives such as well-designed municipal rates systems.</p><p>Accordingly, achieving all of this will include, apart from a growing economy in which the benefits of growth reach all sectors of society, state action to manage land, creating enabling and efficient regulations and administrative systems, deepening land and property rights, improving tenure, directing infrastructure investment, and understanding markets while targeting spatial planning towards the needs of the poor.</p>

20 Nov 2014 15:14:35 GMT

The financing of city services in Southern Africa

<p>In 2010 the SACN, in conjunction with the WBI and the PPIAF, implemented a project to support the emergence of a sustainable municipal finance market in Southern Africa aimed at promoting more effective city financial planning and management, better credit ratings and improved access to capital markets for infrastructure investment purposes.</p><p>Information was gathered by means of interviews, questionnaires, documentation and financial data during a series of visits to 14 city municipalities in nine countries. The cities were chosen based on city size, geographical spread, potential creditworthiness, and project logistics and budget. Ten cities are included in the report namely: Dar es Salaam, Port Louis (Mauritius), Lusaka, Windhoek, Gaborone, Maputo, Arusha, Lilongwe, Blantyre and Ndola. The trends observed in these Southern African cities are applicable to many other cities across the continent.</p><p>Southern African countries each have their own constitutional framework and system of intergovernmental fiscal relations. The formal and legal position of city governments, and their expenditure responsibilities and revenue-raising powers, reflect the economic, social and political histories of the countries concerned. However, many commonalities exist and it is these that inform the core arguments and recommendations.</p><p>The study identifies the following theme as apparent characteristics in southern African cities:</p><ul><li>under-empowered with respect to built environment services;</li><li>under-resourced, yet inadequate revenue effort (underperforming revenue administration);</li><li>under-capacitated with respect to key skills, yet no significant programme to address this;</li><li>over-controlled with respect to staff appointments, tariff increases, etc.</li></ul><p>Based on the above, the paper proposes that the:</p><ul><li>Cities are already, and will increasingly be, the critical sites and drivers of social and economic development which requires and depends on effective urban services for city inhabitants and businesses;</li><li>Built environment functions are essential city government functions, necessary to support city residents and city economies, and city governments should have clear and substantial built environment mandates;</li><li>City governments, more than other municipalities, should be able to finance much of their built environment services through appropriate local revenue resources and should accordingly be allocated sufficient local revenue authority, including taxes on property and local business activity, and services charges;</li><li>City governments need to develop and maintain an implicit social contract with city households and businesses, in terms of which the full potential of assigned revenue sources is achieved;</li><li>City economies, as well as the number of better-resourced households and businesses in cities, have been growing. This growth represents a significant resource that can and should be exploited;</li><li>City governments need an adequately funded capital investment plan, ideally from own revenue sources. Intergovernmental fiscal arrangements should provide strong incentives to maintain capital assets;</li><li>Although often under-rated, good financial management and creditworthiness are worthy objectives for city governments and together can improve access to capital infrastructure funding;</li><li>For city governments to be truly financially resilient, administration and service delivery, together with an effective city social contract, should create the correct environment and platform for social development and economic growth.</li></ul>

20 Nov 2014 14:47:09 GMT

Knowledge networks on the use of biodiversity for sustainable livestock production in Latin America: A model platform for capacity building

<p>Knowledge networks are self-organized struct ures where knowledge generation and exchange take place, thereby providing a basis which capacity building programs can build on by facilitating activities that promote knowledge exchange and mutual learning. The suitability of this kind of network relies on a series of characteristics. First, the transformation required to achieve sustainability in food, feed and fiber production needs to address the socio-ecological complexity of these systems. Lessons learned from experiences in the past indicate that the problems of biodiversity management erive from a mindset that oversimplifies and fragments the understanding of socio-ecological systems. Current views stress the necessity to engage scientists in all relevant fields of biodiversity and ecosystem services science. Knowledge networks can have an important role in bringing together a diversity of knowledge sources.</p><p>Second, there is a tight linkage between how food production challenges are solved and the sustainable use and protection of biodiversity, which points to the need of a common understanding of the challenges of protecting biodiversity and ecosystem service among sectors. Knowledge networks organized around the problem of social &ndash; economic- and ecological sustainability of food production can play an important role in bridging the communication gap between decision makers addressing environmental, food production and development challenges.</p><p>Third, the challenges about biodiversity and ecosystem services need to be undertaken at the regional, national and local levels. The lack of a sufficient understanding of the local conditions, of the challenges and of appropriate solutions that are in agreement with the local needs, are severe hindrances to successful bilateral aid programs. To be successful, future capacity-building endeavours need to address the local realities of both knowledge providers and requesters, and the local capacities to produce and use knowledge. Regional knowledge networks sharing common challenges have the potential to foster knowledge exchange and mutual learning with a focus on locally relevant issues.</p><p>This assessment reveals a wide range of knowledge fields and themes that are important to understand the silvopastoral system and that are needed to design socially-economically and ecologically sustainable livestock production systems. These range across various dimensions: from natural sciences, in cluding ecology, other earth sciences and genetics, through economy to social sciences and psychological economics dealing with motivations underlying decision-making and change; and from basic research on natural and social processes to applied knowledge about management, techniques, and policy formulation. However, two knowledge fields predominate: ecology and livestock production science. These two knowledge fields appear to influence policy-making differently in the environmental and the livestock sectors, respectively.</p>

20 Nov 2014 13:35:53 GMT

Tax administration in Ghana: perceived institutional challenges

<p>This paper seeks to examine Ghanaians&rsquo; knowledge of tax obligations to the state, their opinions on the tax system, and attitudes towards the payment of taxes. Furthermore, it explores factors that fuel tax evasion or the readiness to dodge tax obligations among citizens.</p><p>The paper points that regardless of whether they are able to pay or not, most Ghanaians know about specific taxes they are required to pay by law. In this sense, it notes that seven in every ten Ghanaians know that they are obligated to pay property rates or taxes, and another 48% know they have an obligation to pay income taxes.</p><p>The document finds that Ghanaians appear to have accepted with little difficulty the civic responsibility of tax payment to the state. Nevertheless, Ghanaians consider taxes unfair and unaffordable and therefore their introduction or revision of rates upwards has always been met with resistance from either the general public or interest groups.</p><p>Equally important, the author demonstrates that tax evasion is much higher among urban residents than their rural compatriots. Nonetheless, a person with formal educated is less likely to evade taxes. Moreover, tax evasion amongst citizens in areas with government services is comparatively lower than in areas lacking these services.</p>

19 Nov 2014 21:55:57 GMT

South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) and implication for Pakistan

<p>South Asian region constitutes around 22 percent of world&rsquo;s population, potential market for the world due to its huge population and it has its own importance due to its geo-strategic location and abundance of natural resources. South Asian Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA) is in the process of implementation. The process of implementation of SAFTA is, unfortunately, not as smooth as envisaged earlier, and Pakistan-India political relations does stall the process of implementation.</p><p>The case study in hand is primarily designed to investigate the implications of SAFTA for Pakistan with the main objectives of the paper to come up with a trend analysis of the country&rsquo;s trade and investment links with other South Asian countries. The study will also try to assess the role of Pakistan in making SAFTA a success especially in the context of multilateralism and emerging regionalism. The key question would be whether SAFTA is beneficial or not in the context of multilateral trade negotiations. This paper will also give policy recommendations based on research as how SAFTA can be an effective tool for trade-led growth in Pakistan and the South Asian region.</p><p>Pakistan is trying to increase international trade and reduce both the tariffs and tariff slabs. The most significant potential benefit, under these policy choices, from implementation of SAFTA will increase in international trade to GDP ratio.Greater openness of Pakistan through SAFTA will have positive impact on trade with two countries &ndash; one on the eastern border with India and on the western border with Afghanistan. Conservative estimates claim that Pakistan&rsquo;s trade (formal and informal) with these two countries can reach more than US $ 28 billion during the next ten years. A socio- economic benefit for Pakistan will be in the shape of attracting tourists from India especially the Sikh pilgrims.</p><p>Pakistan can look forward to getting into the banking sector market in India while India can penetrate the information communication technology market in Pakistan. Pakistan has two important challenges to cope with. It should develop itself to face more competition and build competitiveness as well as increase economic freedom. And use short sensitive lists to regulate trade initially and dispensed with over time.</p><p>However, it must be noted that growth of countries of South Asia which includes Pakistan is not possible without accepting inter-dependencies (in products) that trade inevitably creates. The only way to harness the potentials of SAFTA is to prepare domestic environment for increased trade and help develop inter-dependencies and Pakistan is no exception to it.</p>

19 Nov 2014 20:32:35 GMT

Study of indoor air mercury pollution at dental teaching institutions, hospitals and clinics resulting from mercury amalgam use in dentistry

<p>Mercury has been used in dental amalgams for over 160 years. Dental amalgams are widely done because it&rsquo;s inexpensive, ease of use, best settling material and most importantly it is resin free which make it less allergic than composite fillings. Mercury poses risks to environment and human health, especially the health of children. In September, 2012, IUCN World Conservation Congress called upon government representatives of Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee (INC) to support a legally binding treaty on Mercury with an objective to protect human health and the environment from hazardous and toxic Mercury. In January, 2013, 140 countries in Geneva adopted a ground-breaking, world&rsquo;s first legally binding treaty on mercury, now called &ldquo;Minamata Convention on Mercury&rdquo; limiting the use and emission of health-hazardous mercury.</p><p>A number of studies at dental sites in many countries have been carried out and reported. The present paper describes and discusses findings of some recent investigations on indoor mercury levels carried out at dental sites in five main cities of Pakistan and six other countries (Armenia; Cote D&#39;Ivoire; Lebanon; Morocco; Philippines and Tanzania).</p><p>The indoor mercury vapors levels at these sites exceed the permissible limit, recommended for safe physical and mental health. At these sites, public in general and the medical, 14 paramedical staff and vulnerable population in particular, are at most serious health risk, resulting from exposure to toxic and hazardous mercury. The study also showes general unawareness regarding appropriate handling of mercury/mercury amalgam, mercury containing wastes, improper and inadequate ventilation system and lack of awareness regarding health hazards of mercury to human health and its impact on the environment. The main reasons for the observed elevated levels of mercury in air at OPD (operative dentistry), adjacent corridors and the surrounding air, at some of the visited sites, was careless use of mercury/mercury amalgam and inappropriate mercury/mercury amalgam waste management.</p><p>The study recommends that the use of health hazardous mercury to be banned through signing and ratifying the Minamata Convention on mercury (2013) by the national governments of the world at the earliest time possible.</p>

19 Nov 2014 20:07:56 GMT

Tracking Implementation of Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000)

<p>This short document provides an overview of the framework which was developed to track the implementation of the 1325 resolution. It aims to establish results at the impact levels (the intended objective) and outcome levels (actual change). The framework is organised around four impact areas, or pillars, which were established as the overarching long-term goals of resolution 1325:</p><ul><li>Prevention: Prevention of relapse into conflict and all forms of structural and physical violence against women and girls, including sexual and gender-based violence.</li><li>Participation: Inclusion of women and women&rsquo;s interests in decision-making processes related to the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts.</li><li>Protection: Women and girls&rsquo; safety, physical and mental health and economic security are assured and their human rights respected.</li><li>Relief and recovery: Women&rsquo;s and girls&rsquo; specific needs are met in conflict and post-conflict situations</li></ul><p>To track each area&rsquo;s progress the framework uses a &lsquo;results chain&rsquo; to map how interventions are intended to result in the desired change or impact. For each link in the chain a set of indicators have been developed to show whether it is being achieved. In conclusion the author suggests the framework contains signposts of progress in the achievement and protection of women&rsquo;s and girls&rsquo; human rights in peace and security situations. As part of the framework, the indicators facilitate understanding of current peace and security issues, trends, and the distance between the current situation and desired goals.</p>

19 Nov 2014 17:54:28 GMT

Global Monitoring Checklist on Women Peace and Security: Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nepal, Northern Ireland and Sri Lanka.

The Global Monitoring Checklist is a pilot research project designed to contribute towards international understanding on women, peace and security efforts. It highlights relevant activities at the local and national level by women, civil society, national governments and the international community. It is not a comprehensive survey of all initiatives relating to women, peace and security; rather, it is a first step in gathering and collating information that links directly to UNSCR 1325 implementation.In support of work already carried out by women’s organisations, governments and multilateral agencies, this checklist provides country-specific information that identifies achievements, good practice and obstacles to the implementation of UNSCR 1325. It has been compiled in order to monitor progress in advancing the women, peace and security agenda in five conflict-affected regions: Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Nepal, Northern Ireland and Sri Lanka. The overall aims of the project are to: contribute towards a deeper understanding of the substantive issues covered in the resolution; to provide practical information to assist a variety of stakeholders in their fulfillment of their commitments on UNSCR 1325; and to present this information in a clear, usable format that will be accessible to policymakers, civil society activists and other stakeholders.The research has been carried out by Gender Action for Peace and Security UK (GAPS). GAPS is the expert UK civil society group working to promote, facilitate and monitor the meaningful inclusion of gender perspectives into UK policy and practice on peace and security.

19 Nov 2014 17:13:48 GMT

Action to improve nutrition: making ICN2 count over the next decade and beyond

<p>This report presents actions ACF believe are essential to ensure the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), held from 19 to 21 November 2014, is not simply a talking shop but the moment the world was ignited to implement action. The international community need to be sure promises made will translate into actions that help transform nutrition and, subsequently, human wellbeing and sustainable development.</p>

19 Nov 2014 16:36:07 GMT

The significance of death, funerals and the after-life in Ebola-hit Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia: Anthropological insights into infection and social resistance

<p>The aim of this briefing paper is to consider the various ways in which widely reported fear and&nbsp;resistance to the Ebola response can be understood, and what each way of understanding offers to&nbsp;those battling with the 2014 epidemic. As far as this paper is concerned, there is no single &lsquo;right&nbsp;way&rsquo; to comprehend resistance to educators, medics and burial teams, as this is a very complex&nbsp;social phenomenon. The aim instead is to outline the variety of ways in which resistance can be (has&nbsp;<br />been) conceived and what each might suggest for better communication and response. The paper&nbsp;couches these different modes of understanding within a wide repertoire of perspectives that social&nbsp;<br />theorists take to understanding social phenomena, as this provides an analytical framework that is&nbsp;as encompassing as possible.</p>

19 Nov 2014 16:13:40 GMT

Medical Anthropology Study of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak in Liberia / West Africa

<p>The 2014 outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa (Guinea Conakry,&nbsp;Liberia and Sierra Leone) is causing anxiety, fear and panic for communities in these&nbsp;three countries, the deadliest in years with the majority of deaths occurring in Guinea&nbsp;and Sierra Leone. It is spreading faster than health services can cope, with many people&nbsp;hiding from services, refusing to turn bodies over to burial teams and government&nbsp;<br />systems failing to respond when called upon. People flee to areas they deem safe,&nbsp;carrying the virus and its consequences with them. In addition, deeply rooted cultural&nbsp;practices, such as those around death and burial, can contribute to transmission. This study was carried out to better understand the&nbsp;local beliefs and practices likely to enhance or hinder efforts to respond to the outbreak&nbsp;in Liberia.&nbsp;</p><p>This ethnographic study was conducted in Montserrado, Margibi and Bong counties&nbsp;using key informant interviews, focus groups and observation and informal interviews. It explores the following topics:</p><ul><li>Local knowledge and understand of Ebola, as a viral hemorrhagic disease&nbsp;</li><li>Understanding of current health messages</li><li>Community concerns regarding Ebola.</li></ul>

19 Nov 2014 16:07:19 GMT

Psychological first aid during Ebola virus disease outbreaks

<p>Ebola virus disease outbreaks have a significant impact on the wellbeing of those&nbsp;affected, their family, community members and the health workers treating people with&nbsp;Ebola.&nbsp;This guide focuses on psychological first aid, which involves humane, supportive&nbsp;and practical help to fellow human beings suffering serious crisis events.</p><p>It is written for&nbsp;people who can help others experiencing an extremely distressing event.&nbsp;It is is an adaptation of the Psychological first aid: Guide for field workers (World&nbsp;Health Organization, War Trauma Foundation, World Vision International, 2011), and has&nbsp;been adapted to better respond to the challenges of Ebola virus disease outbreaks.</p><p>Ebola&nbsp;poses specific problems for affected people (e.g., stigmatization, isolation, fear, and&nbsp;possible abandonment), their caregivers and responders (e.g., safety, access to updated&nbsp;information).&nbsp;Psychological first aid has been recommended by many expert groups.</p>

19 Nov 2014 15:46:48 GMT

Psychosocial support during an outbreak of Ebola virus disease

<p>This briefing note provides background knowledge on the psychosocial aspects related to Ebola and&nbsp;suggests psychosocial support activities that can be implemented.</p><p>Psychosocial&nbsp;support is not only vital to ensure the well‐being of the affected population, but also to counter‐act the&nbsp;threats to public health and safety that fear, stigmatization and misconception poses. Furthermore,&nbsp;everybody involved in the response, from expat staff, local staff and volunteers, are working under&nbsp;unusually stressful conditions.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This document is</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">primarily for psychosocial support delegates who work to support patients, affected&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">communities AND staff and volunteers. At the same time, the messages in this briefing note can be helpful&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">for all staff and volunteers who are in contact with patients, relatives and p</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">ersonally feel the strain of&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">working and living during the epidemic.</span></p><p>The first part of this note deals with overall issues that any delegate, staff or volunteers responding to&nbsp;ebola is likely to encounter, while the second part contains information, recommendations and suggestions&nbsp;for providing psychosocial support.</p>

19 Nov 2014 15:26:35 GMT

Ebola and beyond: Equality, sustainability, security - interlaced challenges in a global development era

<p>The 2014 Ebola crisis in West Africa is a global emergency and a set of personal tragedies. But&nbsp;beyond the urgent headlines and struggles to control the epidemic, what deeper stories&nbsp;should be told?</p><p>This paper, originally presented as a Sussex Development Lecture,&nbsp;asks how the Ebola crisis might offer a lens to reflect on interlaced&nbsp;challenges around curbing inequalities, accelerating sustainability, and building inclusive,&nbsp;secure societies, and why these matter so much. And it discusses&nbsp;why addressing these interactions must become central to a renewed vision of&nbsp;development for all.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

19 Nov 2014 15:16:39 GMT

Maputo and informal land tenure arrangements

<p>It is clear that despite the legislation that governs land, people have their own widely accepted and low conflict land management system in urban areas, which involves multiple role-players. This finding is backed up by the negligible occurrence of the DUAT in the two neighbourhoods surveyed. Indeed, even with Mozambique&rsquo;s nationalisation policy and post-war context, much urban land supply is predominantly informal and bogged down by vested economic and elite interests.</p><p>Furthermore, local land management arrangements are not always the &lsquo;chaotic mess&rsquo; they are perceived to be. This research reveals a set of widely used rules and practices regarding land access, holding and trading in the two peri-urban sites in Maputo, where households do not have registered title to land.</p><p>Also, rather than being purely the domain of the state and the law, land governance is co-constructed by state and non-state role-players with varying levels of legitimacy. Any interventions to strengthen governance should, therefore be aware of the array of rule-makers and the dynamic nature of authority in urban spaces.</p><p>This study is based on findings from a research study that investigated how the poor access, hold and trade land in two peri-urban settlements in Maputo &ndash; Luis Cabral and Hulene B. The findings suggest that a land market that is technically outside of the legal system exists. Notwithstanding its illegality, the land practices operating there are organised and relatively sophisticated local land management and regulatory systems. The low incidence of land conflicts in the study sites shows that these practices are relatively functional and are characterised by a well organised system of social role-players, including family members, neighbours, local leadership structures and state officials, all of whom lend credibility and legitimacy to local land management arrangements and a local land market. This situation shows that informal urban economies in Maputo are co-produced by state and non-state regulatory systems. Such hybrid economies have implications for how we understand governance, markets and the role of the state in our cities.</p><p>Concluding, the research provides the foundations for alternative conceptual framework of land management in Maputo. It also puts forward an alternative way of thinking about the formal / informal land market dichotomy. In doing so it advocates for the strengthening of land security across a continuum of land rights in the land market.</p>

19 Nov 2014 15:04:17 GMT

Angola and informal land tenure arrangements: towards an inclusive land policy

<p>Angola, like Mozambique, inherited its legal framework from the Portuguese Civil Code, which was not based on a traditional African concept of community occupation under customary law. With Portuguese settlement, large areas of land were appropriated for and incorporated into the colonial cadastre (the formally surveyed and officially recorded land boundaries of the land concessions granted by the state). After winning independence from Portugal in 1975 the new Angolan government, influenced by socialist principles, affirmed the constitutional role of the state as the owner of all land. The post-independence constitution thus declared the state to be the owner and manager of land. Laws published in 1991 and 2004 adopted the colonial cadastre as the basis of land titling.</p><p>This paper, based on findings from research into the urban land market operating in low-income areas in Luanda, recognises the intense pressure on urban land experienced as a result of urban in-migration during and since the civil war. It shows the inability of the formal market to provide means for poorer people to access land, transact it and secure formal title or legally defensible land tenure.</p><p>According to the study, efficient and equitable land markets are a prerequisite for well-functioning cities. Dysfunctional land markets caused by poor land development and management (including poor urban planning, slow provision of infrastructure and services, poor land information systems, and cumbersome and slow&nbsp; land transaction procedures, as well as under-regulation of private land development) lead to unplanned development of land in the urban periphery.</p><p>The study finds that the complexity of the urban land situation in Luanda requires a diversity of responses, not simplistic solutions. Above all, there is a need to move from the current practices to improved forms of land management, counting on popular support and engagement &ndash; otherwise any new system will be doomed to fail. The recommendations that follow are guided by two overarching principles:</p><p>(i) that existing practices should be integrated into an inclusive land policy. The study demonstrates that the existing informal mechanisms to access land are well established and have a strong legitimacy among the peri-urban population.</p><p>(ii) that more functional and inclusive land markets are required and should be promoted. The wide impact of urban development emphasises the need to maximise the socio-economic benefit for the majority of people, and not only in the formal private sector.</p>

19 Nov 2014 14:47:12 GMT

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India: Prospects for Pakistan

<p>Despite usual political frictions, the trade normalization process between India and Pakistan progressed at an encouraging pace during the recent past. Foreign and commerce ministers and secretaries from both sides have met several times to facilitate the process. Devajit (2012) considers Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India to be an important ingredient if the country is to sustain economic growth and keep pace with rest of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) countries. At South Asian level, Alam and Aowrangzab (2006) talk about deeper reforms if intra-regional FDI in South Asia has to be promoted. They hint at harmonization of fiscal policies, investment policies, tax and customs laws. They believe that this is possible by strengthened implementation of already agreed upon articles under South Asia Free Trade Agreement (SAFTA).</p><p>The present study aims to highlight Pakistan-specific investment opportunities in India in the backdrop of Pakistani investors&rsquo; concerns regarding FDI in India. It also focuses on the preparedness of Pakistan&rsquo;s private sector to take benefit of this opportunity. We have taken a sectoral approach whereby we inquire from the business community already engaged in outward investments in leather, sports, surgical, engineering, auto, education, textile and steel sectors regarding their willingness to invest in India.</p><p>This study estimates the potential investment that can annually go from Pakistan to India at USD 1.6 billion, if both the government and automatic routes are allowed. Textile, cement, hotel services and auto parts sectors top the list of potential investments. From the above-mentioned discussion, a couple of broad recommendations need to be pursued:</p><ul><li>investment diplomacy is required whereby Pakistan should be allowed to invest in India through the automatic route, a jpint working group is recommended;</li><li>the business community seeks a privileged visa facility so that access to their investments in foreign lands is certain. Currently, the visa regime between India and Pakistan suffers, its recommended that a joint working group should meet on quarterly basis;</li><li>the two countries need to be relatively more transparent and detailed. This may allow additional assurances for investors from both sides in order to guarantee security of assets and profits.</li><li>containerization via railways and increasing capacity of customs houses and storage facilities across the land routes.</li><li>double taxation issue will have to be taken up by the finance ministries on both sides.</li><li>there needs to be some legal cover for foreign investors&rsquo; fixed assets and intellectual property. There are examples from ASEAN countries that can be sought.</li></ul>

18 Nov 2014 23:13:32 GMT

Informal trade between India and Pakistan

<p>Trade restrictions between India and Pakistan have led to curtailing formal trade; rising consumer appetite for the variety of goods available across the border has implied substantial increases in informal mechanisms through which trade is taking place. The rising consumer demand as well as the economic efficiency of cross border exchanges have contributed to the large volume of informal trade between India and Pakistan. In 2005 the estimated value of informal trade between India and Pakistan through various routes was USD 545 million (Khan et al. 2007).</p><p>This paper aims to update the past estimates on the informal trade between India and Pakistan. We have, in this survey-based effort, only captured the informal merchandise flowing from India through various routes identified by Pakistani traders. The quantitative estimates provided by the wholesaler and retailer community have been validated through clearing agents and customs officials. The key sectors in which informal flow from India is taking place include fruits and vegetables, textile, automobile parts, jewellery, cosmetics, medicine, tobacco, herbal products, spices and herbs, paper and paper products, and crockery. The major routes from where these goods are channelled into Pakistan include Dubai, Kabul, Kandahar, Chaman and Bander Abbas. The minor routes include several places in the adjoining border region.</p><p>Our estimates show that the value of informal flow from India to Pakistan is USD 1.79 billion annually. Despite such flows have narrowed the demand-supply gap in various product categories and created livelihoods for several people in the poor regions, it was also observed that this expansion in informal trade is hurting the manufacturing community. Pakistani producers end up competing with items that are not duty paid and found cheaper in the local market. There is also a loss of revenue to the government as these goods are not subject to usual customs procedures. In case of food, herbs, and pharmaceutical items, such merchandise is not checked for health and safety standards posing risk to human health. Given the large volumes of informal trade, it is in the interest of the government to move fast and adopt measures that lead to formalization of trade. The overall process of India-Pakistan trade normalization can certainly help achieve this endeavour.</p>

18 Nov 2014 23:05:39 GMT

Examining the relevance of political parties in Malawi

<p>This briefing paper examines the relevance of political parties in Malawi&rsquo;s democracy. The paper considers three dimensional analysis of the functions of political parties: those oriented toward the electorate, those that are linkage related, and government-related roles.</p><p>The author reveals that although the history of political parties in modern Malawi dates back to the struggle for independence, about half of Malawians do not trust political parties in general. Furthermore, levels of contact between political parties and the people they purportedly connect to the state and policy makers are very low.</p><p>The paper underscores that with such limited contact, parties&rsquo; claims of relevance in terms of representing the people are called into question. In addition, it highlights the existence of significant discord between the parties and the people; popular demands are not adequately aggregated into policy options.</p><p>The author suggests that the disconnection between people`s needs and party manifestos can partly be attributed to the limited amount of contact between the electorate and party officials, making it difficult for the parties to know the aspirations of the people. Consequently, the paper concludes that the majority of Malawian political parties are as good as none existent, and political parties&rsquo; relevance in Malawi is under real threat of decline and on course for further decline.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

18 Nov 2014 22:20:48 GMT

Adaptable neighbours: movement patterns of GPS-collared leopards in human dominated landscapes in India

<p>Understanding the nature of the interactions between humans and wildlife is of vital importance for conflict mitigation. We equipped five leopards with GPS-collars in Maharashtra (4) and Himachal Pradesh (1), India, to study movement patterns in human-dominated landscapes outside protected areas. An adult male and an adult female were both translocated 52 km, and exhibited extensive, and directional, post release movements (straight line movements: male = 89 km in 37 days, female = 45 km in 5 months), until they settled in home ranges of 42 km2 (male) and 65 km2 (female). The three other leopards, two adult females and a young male were released close to their capture sites and used small home ranges of 8 km2 (male), 11 km2 and 15 km2 (females). Movement patterns were markedly nocturnal, with hourly step lengths averaging 339&plusmn;9.5 m (SE) during night and 60&plusmn;4.1 m during day, and night locations were significantly closer to human settlements than day locations. However, more nocturnal movements were observed among those three living in the areas with high human population densities. These visited houses regularly at nighttime (20% of locations &lt;25 m from houses), but rarely during day (&lt;1%). One leopard living in a sparsely populated area avoided human settlements both day and night. The small home ranges of the leopards indicate that anthropogenic food resources may be plentiful although wild prey is absent. The study provides clear insights into the ability of leopards to live and move in landscapes that are extremely modified by human activity.</p>

18 Nov 2014 20:09:10 GMT

Ten-year Impact Study on Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) on Women, Peace and Security in Peacekeeping

This report from 2010 reviews a decade of implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, the first resolution to address the specific impacts of conflict on women and call for women's engagement in peace processes. The report shows a mixed record on the overall contribution of UN peacekeeping to the implementation of the resolution. A key message within the report is that greater action is needed by United Nations peacekeeping missions - working with local women, national authorities and UN Member States - to increase the limited participation of women in peace negotiations, national security institutions and governance in post-conflict situations.According to the report, peacekeeping has played a crucial role in the significant progress made in women's participation in politics - as voters, candidates and elected officials. The most marked difference in political representation of women has come in countries where quotas are in place, such as Timor-Leste and Burundi.Peacekeeping missions have influenced legal and judicial reforms by supporting the adoption of gender equality laws in several countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Sierra Leone. Deployments of patrols in high-risk areas in the Darfur region of Sudan and the DRC have also enhanced protection of women.The study also recommends:- A more robust response should be employed to fight against conflict-related sexual violence, which remains highly prevalent in peacekeeping mission areas.- The UN should devote more resources to the protection of women internally-displaced persons and refugees, with the support of international partners.- Understanding of and support for gender equality by senior peacekeeping personnel is variable, and senior management should be held to a higher level of accountability for compliance with resolution 1325 and peacekeeping gender policy.

18 Nov 2014 17:57:55 GMT

Social protection global policy trends 2010-2015: from fiscal consolidation to expanding social protection: Key to crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice

<p>While social protection played a strong role in the expansionary response immediately after the onset of the global crisis, many governments embarked on fiscal consolidation and premature contraction of expenditures from 2010 onwards, despite an urgent need of public support among vulnerable populations. The cost of adjustment was passed on to populations, who have been coping with fewer jobs and lower income for more than five years. Depressed household income levels are leading to lower domestic consumption an d lower demand, slowing down recovery.</p><p>This policy paper:</p><ul><li>examines IMF government spending projections for 181 countries, identifying two main phases: fiscal expansion (2008-2009) and fiscal consolidation (2010 onwards)</li><li>presents the main adjustment measures considered since 2010 and their adverse socio-economic impacts in both high income and developing countries</li><li>analyses divergent trends in social protection across regions, focusing on the positive expansion of social protection floors in a majority of developing countries</li><li>reviews potential areas of fiscal space for the necessary extension of social protection systems; and</li><li>presents the developmental arguments to invest in social protection in pursuit of crisis recovery, inclusive development and social justice</li></ul>

18 Nov 2014 16:34:25 GMT

Effective modalities to improve pregnant women’s compliance to daily iron supplementation

<p>Prenatal Iron Supplementation (PIS) has a paramount contribution for reducing maternal mortality. The coverage and compliance in Ethiopia is 17.3 per cent and 0.4 per cent respectively. The aim of this study is to determine the coverage of and adherence to prenatal IFS (Iron Folic acid Supplementation) and to identify factors affecting utilization of the service.</p><p>The formative research was conducted in eight selected woredas/districts, namely Alamata, Enderta, Menze Mama, Menze Gera, Ada Berga, Meta Robi, Sankura and Meskan. The study applies descriptive cross-sectional design with quantitative and qualitative elements targeted at determining the coverage and adherence of IFS and identifying factors affecting utilization of IFS.</p><p>The study finds that among women who gave birth in the preceding year, 40.1 per cent took iron tablets during the pregnancy. The coverage exceeded 50 per cent in Sankura, Enderta and Alamata Woredas; whereas, only one-in-three and one-in-ten women were supplemented in Menze Gera and Menze Mama woredas respectively. However, only 3.6 per cent of them took the supplement for the recommended 90 or more days.</p><p>The coverage among women who gave birth in the preceding year and among women who were pregnant at the time of the survey is 40.1 per cent and 38.5 per cent, respectively. Lack of adequate stock and poor logistic system, lack of training for frontline health workers on ANC, lack of BCC and job aid materials, fear of side effects, fear of taking medication during pregnancy, lack of awareness on the benefits of the supplement contributes to the low coverage and adherence to PIS.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">[Summary adapted from author]</span></p>

18 Nov 2014 15:06:51 GMT

The 2013 HANCI Donor Report

<p>The HANCI donor index is a league table that measures the political commitment of donor governments to reducing hunger and nutrition in developing countries. The index seeks to hold donors to account and assesses their performance against 14 indicators spanning the dimensions of agriculture and food security, nutrition, climate change, gender and social protection.</p><p>The 2013 report findings show that the UK has topped the rankings and is making a clear effort in the fight against hunger and undernutrition. While the level of UK official development assistance (ODA) spending on nutrition is not the highest of all the donors, it is stable and commitments are consistently met. However, the UK lags behind other donor countries on several areas including aid for agricultural development, food security and climate change.</p><p>Austerity has clearly had an impact on donors prioritising hunger and undernutrition action and may continue to do so. At the bottom of the Index are Greece, Italy and Portugal. While Australia is high up in the index, the data used for building the index does not yet capture Australia&rsquo;s severe aid cuts, and a strategy turning towards trade rather than aid, so it remains to be seen if its focus on prioritising hunger and undernutrition will endure.</p>

18 Nov 2014 14:24:02 GMT

Assessment of status of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practice, policy and programs: achievements and gaps in Ethiopia

<p>Breastfeeding is universal in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey indicates that only 52 per cent of children under six months are exclusively breastfed despite the World Health Organization&rsquo;s (WHO) recommendation of exclusive breastfeeding for up to the first six months of life.</p><p>The objective of this study is to find achievements and gaps in the existing policy, program and practices in reference to Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) in Ethiopia and to build a consensus among all partners on the way forward to improve the existing IYCF practice.</p><p>Review of secondary data, including different national publications, guidelines and reports, is made and assessed based on the 15 indicators modified by International Baby Food Action Network (IBFAN) in order to identify the current situations in the country in reference to the infant and young child feeding policy, program and practices.</p><p>In this assessment gaps are identified and recommendations are also forwarded. The main gaps identified are absence of National Code of Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes and Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative, inadequate maternity leave conditions to exclusively breastfeed for six months, and lack of knowledge and experience by mothers about optimal complementary feeding practices.</p><p>Limitations in the pre-service nutrition education curriculum for health care providers, inadequate skills and competencies by care providers to provide effective IYCF counselling support to mothers/caretakers and lack of awareness of the mother on the risk of bottle feeding are other gaps identified in the assessment.</p><p>Despite all the gaps identified in this assessment, Ethiopia is still on good track with 92 out of 150 scores in overall achievements with blue coloring status. This calls for the attention of policy makers to support and promote optimal breastfeeding in the country through bridging the gap between the gaps identified in this assessment and the WHO infant and young child feeding recommendations.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>[Summary adapted from author]</p>

18 Nov 2014 13:59:34 GMT

Sex workers and HIV/AIDS in Uganda: Synthesis of information and evidence to inform the response - Abridged report

<p>This briefing paper&nbsp;is an abridged version of the KMCC&nbsp;knowledge synthesis document titled &quot;Sex workers and HIV/AIDS in Uganda:<br />Synthesis of information and evidence to inform the response&quot;. In preparing this briefing, the authors undertook a&nbsp;comprehensive literature review, and interviewed&nbsp;practitioners and experts who have worked with or&nbsp;studied HIV/AIDS among sex workers across Uganda&nbsp;and East Africa.&nbsp;The review of the evidence shows that there is an urgent need to upscale targeted HIV-prevention efforts to sex workers.</p><p>The document makes a number of recommendations for national policy and to&nbsp;implementing partners, as well as several special recommendations.</p>

18 Nov 2014 13:44:29 GMT

Long distance truck drivers and HIV/AIDS in Uganda: Synthesis of information and evidence to inform the response - Abridged report

<p>The level of HIV among long distance truck drivers is&nbsp;high, chiefly because their lifestyle provides many&nbsp;opportunities for risky sexual behaviour, and because&nbsp;they have limited access to HIV prevention, testing&nbsp;and counselling, and healthcare.&nbsp;This document is an abridged edition of the KMCC synthesis report titled &quot;Long distance truck drivers and HIV/AIDS in Uganda:&nbsp;Synthesis of information and evidence to inform the response&quot;.&nbsp;</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The review of the evidence&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">shows that there is an urgent need to upscale targeted&nbsp;HIV-prevention efforts to long distance truck drivers. The document makes a number of recommendations for a coordinated effort&nbsp;</span>to tackle the&nbsp;vulnerability of long distance truck drivers to HIV/AIDS.</p>

18 Nov 2014 13:36:52 GMT

Writing About Nutrition in Indian Newspapers: Lessons Learned from the OneWorld POSHAN Media Fellowship

<p>To try to raise the profile of nutrition in the Indian media,&nbsp;POSHAN and the OneWorld Foundation, India (OWFI)&nbsp;co-implemented the six-month OneWorld-POSHAN&nbsp;Fellowship on Maternal and Child Undernutrition.&nbsp;<br />The fellowship was designed to highlight the massive&nbsp;prevalence of undernutrition among women and children&nbsp;in India through the mainstream newspaper media. It was envisioned that increased news stories about nutrition&nbsp;would enable readers to not only gain more awareness&nbsp;about malnutrition but also take informed collective action.&nbsp;<br />This note focuses on the roll out and lessons learned of&nbsp;this program. It aims to contribute to wider knowledge&nbsp;about implementing media fellowship programs. To that&nbsp;end, the paper is intended for those who wish to engage&nbsp;with the media and communicate their health research to&nbsp;wider audiences and to media institutes seeking to build&nbsp;the capacity of journalists to report on health issues in&nbsp;developing countries.</p>

18 Nov 2014 12:02:07 GMT

Restructuring the township physical environment

<p>Townships form an integral part of the South African urban system. The typical city or town contains a mix of the following elements:</p><ul><li>core and frame (fringe/periphery), which comprise of the historical central business district, the immediately surrounding old industrial and residential areas (core), and the supporting transport and movement networks (frame)</li><li>decentralised commercial centres and suburbs</li><li>industrial areas (mix of new and old industrial areas where the focus is on manufacturing)</li><li>upper- and middle-income residential neighbourhoods</li><li>declining residential neighbourhoods (older neighbourhoods associated with or close to the core or centre)</li><li>townships and post-apartheid additions</li></ul><p>The location of a township relative to the economic system on which it depends is crucial. Interventions in this category are things that can be done outside the township, but which improve its advantages relative to the broader economic system (or relationship to the local town in a rural context). The built environment, including public spaces, is the other primary focus of this module. Physical interventions in this category relate to things that can be done inside the township to improve its economy as a whole.</p><p>The study proposes the following strategies for improving spatial advantage in townships:</p><ul><li>channelling city growth into areas that strengthen advantage</li><li>improving transport linkages between township residents and enterprises</li></ul><p>For the improvement of built environment and public spaces the study recommends the following interventions:</p><ul><li>identifying, planning and promoting activity routes between the core and the townships</li><li>establishing a hierarchy of nodes associated with activity routes</li><li>improving the quality of public spaces in townships</li><li>promoting residential infill with different housing and tenure types in areas of vacant or underutilised land, in existing residential areas with redevelopment potential, and in areas no longer required for public purposes</li><li>crime prevention through environmental design</li></ul><p>The broad principles discussed above would apply to a township in a large metropolitan area as well as a township in a rural location. The nature and scale of the interventions would change, but not the underlying principles.</p><p>There are, however, no quick fixes to township development. Change in the built environment takes time. Urban development practitioners must be patient. In this context, a clear and well-motivated&nbsp;development framework can act as a guide over the long term to ensure that decisions continue to reinforce earlier development directions.</p>

18 Nov 2014 00:03:14 GMT

Unlocking township markets

<p>It is essential to consider township markets when planning for renewal and economic development. Planners and practitioners need to be aware of how interventions will affect different markets. This module within the township renewal sourcebook discusses economic development in townships and highlights the interlinked markets that operate within this setting. It focuses on how to enhance labour market competitiveness, and the role of functioning residential and commercial property markets. It also examines how public- and private-sector actions can improve market efficiency.</p><p>Township businesses usually face a number of problems, many of which are absent or less severe in other parts of the city. These include low incomes of local customers, lack of discounts from suppliers, high transport costs, lack of capital for equipment, unreliable or non-existent services, lack of suitable premises and credit facilities, cost and risks of crime and corruption, and little trust or cooperation between businesses. To overcome these problems, and shift the access frontier, all forms of capital (human, natural, financial, physical and social) need to be boosted and used. The key to the success of township development strategies is addressing exclusion in a social, spatial and economic sense (including distance from markets, cost of inputs, education and skills, and supporting institutions).</p><p>The study finds that small business is a key contributor to faster economic growth, and as such they require support. This should include appropriate policy and regulation; inclusion in planning, infrastructure and services; settlement design to accommodate and stimulate the emergence of small business; appropriate financial products; and support to increase linkages to marketing, networks and so on.</p><p>In examining the township commercial property market, the study notes two broad areas of influence that are important in understanding how potential investors reach a decision, and they are:</p><ul><li>micro influences include considerations such as the attractiveness of a node from a retailer&rsquo;s or service provider&rsquo;s perspective; generally, an investor selects a site or location that will be most profitable</li><li>macro influences include general conditions in the economy, such as GDP growth or contraction, inflation and so on; such factors imply increased or reduced demand for rentals resulting in higher/lower rental demanded by developers</li></ul><p>The study recommends that in order to realise the potential of township commercial property markets, practitioners need to consider a range of options, including providing reliable information to potential developers, urban regeneration and upgrading, offering incentives, undertaking a property market and retail market analysis, and organising existing business.</p>

17 Nov 2014 23:56:09 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

The 2014 Forum will examine the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Southeast Asia should switch to a greener growth model, OECD says

Southeast Asia’s over-reliance on natural resources like oil, gas, minerals and wood for economic growth is unsustainable over the long term and is causing environmental damage that will hurt future prosperity if left unchecked, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Nov 2014 03:00:00 GMT

Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: Knowledge Sharing

Knowledge sharing is critical in fostering urban green growth. Cities in dynamic Asia urgently need to adopt and strengthen green growth models that take into account rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, and motorisation.

Wed, 05 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Death and taxis: Why the Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum matters - Insights Blog

The Green Growth and Sustainable development Forum is an annual event, and the third Forum will take place on 13-14 November 2014. This blog highlights the importance of the Forum, and how, far from being "abstract", this year's Forum offers an invaluable opportunity to address the social implications of implementing green growth strategies.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 15:35:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

All issues of the OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:07:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Green growth indicators

Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the different factors that affect green growth, and appropriate information is needed to monitor progress and measure results.

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:29:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

Greener Skills and Jobs

The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This paper suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD ProgBlog - Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

How world trade can spur a recovery

A little over a year ago the OECD and the World Trade Organization (WTO) launched Trade in Value-Added (TiVA), a new database on trade measured in value-added terms. The evidence that we have unlocked using TiVA has begun to revolutionise our understanding of what is happening in global trade, investment and production.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Strengthening Global Growth: The G20 Brisbane Summit’s Challenges and Contributions

The G20 needs to go structural, social, and green! With fiscal and monetary policy room nearly exhausted, structural reforms are the best choices, sometimes the only choice. The OECD battle cry in this regard has been unchanged since 2008: “go structural!”.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 09:41:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 12:32:00 GMT

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Liberia: Deputy Manager, Market Development Fund (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Development Alternatives, Inc.Country: LiberiaClosing date: 22 Dec 2014DAI leads the USAID-funded Liberia Food and Enterprise Development (FED) program, a comprehensive and market-driven effort to improve food security—in terms of food availability, utilization, and affordability—by building indigenous incentive structures that assist a range of agricultural stakeholders to adopt a commercial approach.USAID Liberia’s programs operate within the US Foreign Assistance Framework for ‘rebuilding countries’ with the respective goal to: “Assist in the construction or reconstruction

Sat, 22 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Protection Programme Manager

We are looking for a highly qualified Protection Programme Manager to coordinate our protection project throughout the country. Who are we?The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) has been operational in West Africa since 1998. Our aim is to contribute to the stabilization of peace in the Mano River Union Countries. Our regional and national portfolios of programmes support this goal via projects targeting refugees, returnees, host communities, internally displaced people and ex-combatants. Our strategy is guided by a rights-based approach and is implemented on the basis of humanitarian principles. About

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Programme Manager - Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises, Save the Children, Cardiff (source: BOND)

Programme Manager - Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises, Save the Children, Cardiff Reporting to the ELRHA Director, you will lead on the delivery of the full R2HC programme of activities and the management of a diverse portfolio of research programmes. Key to the role will be the management and coordination of grant- making systems and...

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Development Operations Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in environmental

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Head of International Grants, Comic Relief, London; £60,000 - £70,000 (source: BOND)

Head of International Grants, Comic Relief, London; £60,000 - £70,000 The Head of International Grants is a critical role in Comic Relief and is particularly important in 2015 as we look forward to renewed global commitments and sustainable development goals.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: INSTITUTIONAL RELATIONS SPECIALIST (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Groupe Energies Renouvelables, Environnement et SolidaritésCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 15 Jan 2015EmployerGERES (www.geres.eu) is a French NGO working worldwide for the improvement of people’s living conditions through preservation of environment and fair and sustainable energy access. In Afghanistan, GERES has been working since 2002 in the fields of energy efficiency and rural development. In the Central Highlands of Afghanistan, GERES, in consortium with MADERA and Solidarités International, is implementing a 10 million EUR programme funded by the French Development

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: STOVEPLUS REGIONAL COORDINATOR AFRICA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Groupe Energies Renouvelables, Environnement et SolidaritésCountry: SenegalClosing date: 10 Dec 2014Stove*Plus*Stove*Plus* is a program launched by GERES in 2012. It aims at supporting and strengthening the clean cooking sector in Asia and Africa. The project intends to meet the needs of the communities through the professional development of the concerned sectors and the sharing of best practices and technical solutions developed by GERES in its various projects.Following the increase in activity level and visibility, it has been decided to appoint a regional coordinator

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Consultant (Urban Economy and Finance),(Nairobi, Kenya (half time) and home-based (half time)),Deadline:28 November 2014 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 28 Nov 2014CONSULTANT VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 21November2014ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:Urban Economy Branch, UN-HABITATDUTY STATION:Nairobi, Kenya (half time) and home-based (half time)FUNCTIONAL TITLE:Consultant (Urban Economy and Finance)DURATION:Nine monthsCLOSING DATE:28 November 2014BackgroundUrbanization is strongly correlated with economic growth and development. Urbanization underpins one of the key drivers of national economic transformations. This however does not happen spontaneously. Cities

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Yemen: A FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - YEMEN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: YemenClosing date: 21 Dec 2014Based in Sana’a - YemenCountry :**YEMEN – Sana’a**Length of Contract :**12 months starting 1st march 2015**Responsibilities:Contribute to defining the country strategy as well as the strategy and positioning of the FSL technical departmentCoordinate the identification of needs and the formulation of project proposalsOversee the implementation of programs/projects and ensure that reports are submittedGuarantee the quality and cost-effectiveness of projectsEnsure the active participation of ACF in national

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Project Manager - SNL (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Islamic ReliefClosing date: 07 Dec 2014Project Manager – SNLContract: One Year Fixed Term (Renewable Contract) Ref: PMSNL/Y/1114Salary: £22,032 per annum + Additional Benefits Location: Sanaa, YemenWe are currently recruiting for a Project Manager –based in Sanaa, Yemen. The Project Manager will be responsible for the overall implementation of the Food Assistance projects. The post holder will manage and lead the project team, develop their knowledge and skills appropriate to the nature of the project; guide and motivate the project team towards excellence performance all

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Outreach and Placement Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near EastCountry: LebanonClosing date: 04 Dec 2014UNITED NATIONS RELIEF AND WORKS AGENCYFOR PALESTINE REFUGEES IN THE NEAR EAST – UNRWAUNRWA is the United Nations agency responsible for the protection, care and human development of a population of some 4.6 million Palestine refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon, and the Syrian Arab Republic. The Agency is committed to assisting Palestine refugees in maintaining a decent standard of living, acquiring appropriate knowledge and skills, enjoying

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Psychosocial Support Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 24 Dec 2014Job Title Psychosocial Support ManagerJob Location Freetown (with travel to 6 districts)Responsible to CEP/PSS AdvisorResponsible for Manage PSS PM Freetown, PSS Core Leads in 6 additional districtsGeneral Description of the Programme (pre-Ebola) The Timap for Pikin project (under a different name at the time) began in 1999 with funding from Irish Aid, to address the needs and rights of children associated with fighting forces, street children and child sex workers. The aim was to meet their basic needs of shelter, food

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Health Project Manager(s) - D. R. Congo (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MedairCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 30 Dec 2014Role and ResponsibilitiesLead the implementation of emergency health projects addressing the needs of people displaced by violence. Effectively manage the health project in line with the objectives, timeframe and budget laid down in the current proposal and meet Medair quality standards and the BPHS. Ensure that beneficiary participation is enhanced in all phases of the project. Manage and train the PHC team and locally recruited health staff. Anticipate, plan, and share in the development of new health

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: MdM recherche un REFERENT PROGRAMME VIOLENCES LIEES AU GENRE (H/F) - RCA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 28 Feb 2015Médecins du Monde, association médicale militante de solidarité internationale, s&#39;engage depuis plus de 30 ans à soigner les populations les plus vulnérables ici et là-bas, à témoigner des entraves constatées quant à l’accès aux soins, à obtenir des améliorations durables des politiques de santé pour tous.Association indépendante nous agissons au-delà du soin en dénonçant les atteintes à la dignité et aux droits humains et en nous battant pour améliorer la situation des populations précaires.A l’international,

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Monitoring & Evaluation Manager, VSO International, Kingston Upon Thames; £39,653 (source: BOND)

Monitoring & Evaluation Manager, VSO International, Kingston Upon Thames; £39,653 The M&E manager will be responsible for M&E reporting against our agreed logframe with DFID, and will set M&E standards for our partner organisations to ensure that high quality data is collected consistently across the Hub’s work

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

HR Business Partner, Europe, VSO, Kingston Upon Thames; £36,956 (source: BOND)

HR Business Partner, Europe, VSO, Kingston Upon Thames; £36,956 The role will work closely with key senior Managers within the UK and Ireland to develop, drive and implement the people plan to deliver high performance whilst acting as a strategic partner to drive change and transformation across the region.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Programme Funding Manager - Syria Crisis Response (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MedairCountry: JordanClosing date: 09 Jan 2015Role and ResponsibilitiesCoordinate and facilitate the programme teams for preparation of specific bids, proposals and reports for submission to institutional donors, maintain appropriate information systems, track the progress of proposals and reports, research new funding sources and support the Country Representatives and Regional Representative in donor relationship management as required. The PFM also coordinates internal regional meetings and exchanges. Providing strategic support, monitoring, review and evaluation of all aspects

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Switzerland: Information Services Director (Chief Information Officer) - Switzerland (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MedairCountry: SwitzerlandClosing date: 09 Jan 2015Role and PurposeThis is an exceptional opportunity to become part of the leadership team of a highly regarded international humanitarian organisation which brings emergency relief and recovery to people caught in crisis situations in countries such as Afghanistan, D.R. Congo, the Philippines, South Sudan and the Syrian crisis.The purpose of this role will be to develop and implement a successful IS strategy that will support the vision ‘to relieve suffering for the world’s most vulnerable and difficult?to?reach people so they

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Project Evaluator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GAIAS ConsultingCountry: WorldClosing date: 20 Dec 2014http://www.gaiasconsultores.com/index.php/inglesGAIAS Consulting is a firm dedicated to finding innovative solutions within the field of social work. With a strong background based on the tradition of solidarity in international non-governmental organisations, our aim is to enhance the quality of interventions so that living conditions can be improved and dignity restored to human beings. We work with NGOs, United Nations Agencies, foundations and companies through strategies of social responsibility.Gaias Consulting has

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Country Representative, China

Title:&nbsp; Country Representative, China Location:&nbsp; Beijing, China Start Date:&nbsp; Early 2015 The Country Representative is the senior-most employee in China and is accountable for all programs, operations, and external relations in accordance with institutional strategies and policies. The Country Representative leads and oversees all aspects of the organization&rsquo;s work in China, including financial and grant management, administration, and security; the direction, supervision, and evaluation of employees; fundraising and the diversification of donor support; the design, implementation,

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sweden: Evaluation of IM´s support to Tibetans in exile (source: Relief Web)

Organization: IM - Swedish Development PartnerCountry: SwedenClosing date: 15 Dec 2014IM is a Swedish development organisation fighting and exposing poverty and exclusion, operating in five regions worldwide. Since decades IM has been closely cooperating with Tibetans in exile. The interventions supported by IM are now subject to an external evaluation, as described in the attached Terms of Reference.How to apply:Tenders shall be submitted to Ms. Marija Brdarski, desk officer at the IM Head Office in Lund/Sweden, marija.brdarski@manniskohjalp.se.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Director - UK (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MedairCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 09 Jan 2015Role and ResponsibilitiesWe are seeking a full-time Director to build on the work to date and lead and manage the further growth of Medair UK. The post holder will be responsible to the UK Board of Trustees, reporting through the Chair, and will work in collaboration with international colleagues to devise and implement a robust strategy for growth in all areas. S/he will act as Medair’s primary vision-holder in the UK and will make a life-saving difference to the world’s most vulnerable

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Director - United Kingdom (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MedairCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Role and ResponsibilitiesWe are seeking a full-time Director to build on the work to date and lead and manage the further growth of Medair UK. The post holder will be responsible to the UK Board of Trustees, reporting through the Chair, and will work in collaboration with international colleagues to devise and implement a robust strategy for growth in all areas. S/he will act as Medair’s primary vision-holder in the UK and will make a life-saving difference to the world’s most vulnerable

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Project Administrator* (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Dec 2014Population Services International (PSI) is a non-profit public health organization, operating in more than 65 low and middle income countries. PSI creates demand for essential health products and services using public and private sector techniques and innovative communications campaigns. On the supply side, PSI works with the commercial, non-profit and public sectors to increase access to health products and services for low income and vulnerable populations. All of our efforts are aimed at achieving

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: Global Community Mobilizers - Internship (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Interfaith Harmony WeekCountry: JordanClosing date: 31 Dec 2014UN WORLD INTERFAITH HARMONY WEEKUNGA Resolution A/65/PV.34SEEKINGWe are looking for Interns to help out with the World Interfaith Harmony Week (WIHW) Initiative for 2015.What Is the World Interfaith Harmony Week?INTRODUCTIONThe World Interfaith Harmony Week seeks to spread the message of harmony and tolerance among the followers of all the world’s religions, faiths and beliefs. It seeks to do this by promoting their common basis of “Love of God and Love of the Neighbor, or Love of the Good and Love

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Economic Strengthening Technical Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan USACountry: KenyaClosing date: 05 Dec 2014BackgroundPlan International is a global organization that works side by side with communities in 50 developing countries to end the cycle of poverty for children and their families. Plan works at the community level to develop customized solutions and ensure long-term sustainability. Our solutions are designed up-front to be owned by communities and range from clean water and healthcare programs to education projects, economic empowerment, child protection initiatives and youth civic engagement. Across program areas, Plan’s activities

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Deputy Chief of Party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan USACountry: KenyaClosing date: 05 Dec 2014****Background****Plan International is a global organization that works side by side with communities in 50 developing countries to end the cycle of poverty for children and their families. Plan works at the community level to develop customized solutions and ensure long-term sustainability. Our solutions are designed up-front to be owned by communities and range from clean water and healthcare programs to education projects, economic empowerment, child protection initiatives and youth civic engagement. Across program areas, Plan’s

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Finance and Operations Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan USACountry: KenyaClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Plan International Inc., Kenya Country Officehttp://plan-international-kenya.org/jobs/****Plan International********Finance and Operations Director********Background****Plan International is a global organization that works side by side with communities in 50 developing countries to end the cycle of poverty for children and their families. Plan works at the community level to develop customized solutions and ensure long-term sustainability. Our solutions are designed up-front to be owned by communities and range from clean

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nepal: Regional Advisor, Communication for Development (C4D), P-5, Kathmandu, Nepal (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: NepalClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the general guidance of the Deputy Regional Director, and in close collaboration with the Regional Advisor, ADAP, the Regional Advisor, Gender and in liaison with other Regional Advisors, the incumbent is responsible for the design, management, execution, monitoring and evaluation of regional strategies related to communication for social and behaviour change (CSBC) and for providing expert advice, technical support and quality assurance to South Asia country offices on policies, operational

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Consultant Executive Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the supervision of the Director of DOC, the Executive Officer will manage the Director’s participation in all external and internal events, including division-wide and interdivisional meetings; global and regional meetings; events with partners; public relations activities, and official visits. He or she will compile and prepare background documentation and briefs on key topics for the Director. He or she will assist with the planning of the Director’s long-term travel

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Global Coalition to Protect Education from AttackCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 22 Dec 2014POSITION SUMMARY:The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA) Program Officer, as a member of the Secretariat, will support the field-based programs and policies initiative, which promotes a range of effective responses that field-based practitioners, communities, and government education actors in conflict-affected contexts have developed to reduce or prevent attacks on teachers, students, schools and universities. The Program Officer will coordinate development

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Dominican Republic: Meat Sector Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Executive Service CorpsCountry: Dominican RepublicClosing date: 12 Dec 2014IESC is seeking a meat sector expert for an anticipated USDA Food for Progress program in the Dominican Republic. The Food for Progress program provides for the donation of U.S. agricultural commodities to developing countries and emerging democracies that are committed to introducing or expanding free enterprise in their agricultural economies. The anticipated program will work in the meat, dairy, and horticulture value chains to increase agricultural productivity and expand the trade of

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cambodia: Regional Logistics Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: CambodiaClosing date: 07 Dec 2014Handicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation. It operates

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Independent Contract Position – Haiti Evaluation (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World RenewCountry: HaitiClosing date: 01 Dec 2014World Renew seeks to engage an independent consultant who will evaluate World Renew’s housing program in Léogâne, Haiti, in response to the January 2010 earthquake.How to apply:Please submit a letter of interest that includes the stipulations outlined in the Consultancy Requirements (see www.worldrenew.net/careers), your current CV/resume, as well as a fee structure outlining your costs on or before Monday, December 1, 2014 to World Renew attention: sshaheen@worldrenew.net.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Independent Contract Position – IRM Evaluation (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World RenewClosing date: 01 Dec 2014World Renew seeks to engage an independent consultant who will evaluate World Renew’s International Relief Manager (IRM) Program. The evaluation will assess the IRM Program in its current state, as well as assess where changes or enhancements need to be made.How to apply:Please submit a letter of interest that includes the stipulations outlined in the Consultancy Requirements (see www.worldrenew.net/careers), your current CV/resume, as well as a fee structure outlining your costs on or before Monday, December 1, 2014 to World Renew attention:

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Director of Regional Policy Initiative (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Open Society FoundationsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Dec 2014Director of Regional Policy Initiative: Conduct Policy analysis and advocacy on issues in Middle East, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Draft op-eds, briefing papers, reports and implement advocacy strategies to influence regional and international targets. Engage in direct advocacy and media work related to original research and specific campaigns. Manage staff/consultants. 10% domestic, 30% international travel. MA Political Science required plus 7 - 10 years&#39; experience as Political Scientist, Reporter

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Financial Analyst, East Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Dec 2014PSI is a leading global health organization with programs targeting malaria, child survival, HIV and reproductive health. Working in partnership within the public and private sectors, and harnessing the power of the markets, PSI provides life-saving products, clinical services and behavior change communications that empower the world&#39;s most vulnerable populations to lead healthier lives.PSI&#39;s core values are a belief in markets and market mechanisms to contribute to sustained improvements

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: Responsable de Programmes Liberia/ Sierra Leone/ Guinée (programmes Ébola) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Women and Health Alliance InternationalCountry: FranceClosing date: 07 Dec 2014Women and Health Alliance (WAHA) International est une organisation non-gouvernementale qui met en œuvre un vaste éventail d’activités pour améliorer la santé des femmes et enfants dans les communautés les plus démunies dans le monde. Depuis sa création en 2009, WAHA International a mené des activités dans 23 pays en Afrique et en Asie. Notre siège est à Paris, France.Nous cherchons un(e) Responsable de Programmes Liberia/ Sierra Leone/ Guinée (programmes Ébola)MissionLe/a Responsable de Programmes

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Madagascar: RECRUTEMENT D’UN CABINET D’EXPERTISE: « PROGRAMME D’APPUI D’URGENCE A L’EDUCATION NATIONALE MALGACHE » (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: MadagascarClosing date: 12 Dec 2014MADAGASCARDEMANDE DE PROPOSITIONS DE SERVICES (LRPS)LRPS-MADA-2014-9115782Antananarivo, le 21 novembre 2014RECRUTEMENT D’UN CABINET D’EXPERTISE COMPTABLE/AUDIT POUR LA VERIFICATION DES DEPENSES DU « PROGRAMME D’APPUI D’URGENCE A L’EDUCATION NATIONALE MALGACHE » FINANCE PAR L’UNION EUROPEENNE ET MIS EN ŒUVRE PAR LE FONDS DES NATIONS UNIES POUR L’ENFANCE (UNICEF) MADAGASCAR EN COLLABORATION AVEC LE PROGRAMME ALIMENTAIRE MONDIAL (PAM)Le FONDS DES NATIONS UNIES POUR L’ENFANCE (UNICEF) à MADAGASCAR, vous invite

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Vehicle fleet coordinator/ Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AECOM International Development Inc.Country: HaitiClosing date: 30 Dec 2014AECOM is a global provider of professinnal technical and management support services to a broad range of markets, including transpportation, facilities, environmental, energy, health, water and government.AECOM was awarded the Haiti helth infrastructure program (HHIP) by the United States Agency for international Development (USAID), under the contract, AECOM will provide planning, design and construction management services of the upgrading of selected medical facilities in support of strengthening the

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Training Module Development: E-Transfers and operationalizing beneficiary data protection (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Cash Learning PartnershipClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Timeframe:December 2014 – February 2015Duration:Up to 60 daysI. OBJECTIVESThe proposed documentation and training module development will enable the community of practice to widely share existing tools and guidance on how to operationalize protection of beneficiary data with e-transfers. It will build on recent work from CaLP in documenting and compiling resource on e-transfer use for CTP. It will target a range of stakeholders at intermediate-expert level, including humanitarian organizations, governments and businesses.II.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: COUNTRY MANAGER - AFGHANISTAN (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CTG GlobalCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 21 Dec 2014COUNTRY MANAGER - AFGHANISTANBackground on CTG GlobalCTG Global is a Specialist Managed Services company providing integrated solutions in challenging environments and emerging markets.CTG Global provides services to the humanitarian sector, governments, commercial organisations and individuals that enables them to focus on their core business and the achievement of their objectives in challenging environments as we provide a safe and secure environment for them to do so and alleviate them of their risks, crisis management,

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Manager of Programmes South Sudan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: War Child HollandCountry: South SudanClosing date: 15 Dec 2014“A seasoned programme manager with excellent people skills”War Child Holland’s programme in South SudanThe Republic of South Sudan became the world&#39;s newest nation in 2011. Due to decades of conflict and mass displacement of communities during the war, access to basic services is severely limited and the country has some of the lowest rankings in human development indicators. In the end of 2013 a severe internal conflict broke out which caused the displacement of 1.3 million people.War Child Holland has been

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

Job Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as an Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow of its Policy Research and Strategy Support Program (PRSSP) in Bangladesh for a two-year, fixed-term, exempt, renewable appointment. The position will be based in Dhaka, Bangladesh and will be under the Development Strategy and Governance Division (DSGD) of IFPRI. The Fellow will report to the Division Director of DSGD and will work closely with the Chief of Party of the PRSSP. Please note that Associate Research Fellow appointments

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Project Management Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Chemonics seeks project management directors for the West Africa and Haiti (WAFH) regional business unit with expertise in either education and youth, agriculture and food security, or health. The directors will provide technical and administrative support to one to two projects in WAFH’s regional portfolio, which currently includes eight projects in Nigeria, Ghana, Haiti, and Côte d’Ivoire. Ideal candidates will have a successful background in project management, proposal writing and development, and demonstrated

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: MdM seeks an ADMINISTRATOR (M/F) - Iraq (source: Relief Web)

Country: IraqClosing date: 28 Feb 2015For more than 30 years, Médecins du Monde, a campaigning medical organisation committed to international solidarity, has been caring for the most vulnerable populations at home and abroad. It has continued to highlight obstacles that exist in accessing health care and has secured sustainable improvements in health-for-all policies. Those working for this independent organisation do not solely dispense care and treatment but condemn violations of human dignity and rights and fight to improve matters for populations living in precarious situations.MdM currently

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: USPSC Syria Response Information Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: US Agency for International DevelopmentCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014Request for Personal Service ContractorUnited States Agency for International DevelopmentOffice of U.S. Foreign Disaster AssistancePosition Title: Syria Response Information OfficerSolicitation Number: SOL-OFDA-15-000005Salary Level: GS-11 Equivalent: $50,790 - $66,027Issuance Date: November 21, 2014Closing Date: December 15, 2014Closing Time: 5:00 P.M. ESTDear Prospective Applicants:The United States Government (USG), represented by the U.S. Agency for International Development

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow (source: IFPRI)

Job Summary: The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a qualified candidate to serve as an Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow to join the Governance team of its Development Strategy and Governance (DSG) Division. The position is a two-year, fixed-term appointment, and is renewable depending on performance and funding. Please note that Associate Research Fellow appointments at IFPRI have a maximum term of three (3) years, inclusive of any approved appointment extensions.  This position is based at IFPRI headquarters located in Washington, D.C. Essential

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Morocco: READING ADVISOR, MOROCCO (Grade 11) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: RTI InternationalCountry: MoroccoClosing date: 05 Dec 2014RTI&#39;s International Education Division is supporting education development around the world by strengthening education policy, management and practice in order to achieve measurable improvement in teaching and learning. From our well-established reputation in education system strengthening, to innovative work in early grade assessment and learning, RTI is improving education quality, relevance and efficiency through implementation of projects funded by USAID, DFID, Australian Aid and other donors and clients.The International

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Morocco: CHIEF OF PARTY, MOROCCO (source: Relief Web)

Organization: RTI InternationalCountry: MoroccoClosing date: 05 Dec 2014Position SummaryRTI&#39;s International Education Division is supporting education development around the world by strengthening education policy, management and practice in order to achieve measurable improvement in teaching and learning. From our well-established reputation in education system strengthening, to innovative work in early grade assessment and learning, RTI is improving education quality, relevance and efficiency through implementation of projects funded by USAID, DFID, Australian Aid and other donors and

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior Associate, Digital Communications (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Sciences for HealthCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 20 Feb 2015****OVERALL RESPONSIBILITIES****The Digital Communications Associate contributes to the operationalization of the Leadership, Management &amp; Governance Project’s (LMG) strategic communications plan, primarily by managing the project’s website and social media. S/he will assist in developing and managing online engagement strategies. S/he will help manage LMG’s web presence and effectiveness on a variety of social media platforms. S/he will package and adapt content for the website and social

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Administrator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalClosing date: 01 Dec 2014Handicap International (HI) is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation. It operates as a federation

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: Operations Manager - CAR (219449-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 20 Jan 2015ORGANIZATION SUMMARY:Mercy Corps works almost exclusively in high-risk conflict and post-conflict environments. While we recognize that these are difficult places to operate, we believe that transitional environments – countries affected by civil wars, economic and political crisis, or natural disasters – also offer tremendous opportunities for positive change. We currently implement over 30 peacebuilding programs in some of the world’s toughest places, including Iraq, Somalia, and Sudan. Our current work builds

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Operations Manager - CAR (219449-927)

&nbsp; ORGANIZATION SUMMARY: Mercy Corps works almost exclusively in high-risk conflict and post-conflict environments. While we recognize that these are difficult places to operate, we believe that transitional environments &ndash; countries affected by civil wars, economic and political crisis, or natural disasters &ndash; also offer tremendous opportunities for positive change. We currently implement over 30 peacebuilding programs in some of the world&rsquo;s toughest places, including Iraq, Somalia, and Sudan. Our current work builds on an exceptionally strong historical foundation. Since

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sudan: Administrative Assistant, Humanitarian Aid (HUMAID) Monitoring Project, Khartoum, Sudan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Systems InternationalCountry: SudanClosing date: 17 Dec 2014Administrative Assistant, Humanitarian Aid (HUMAID) Monitoring Project, Khartoum, SudanCompany Profile:MSI is an international development firm in the Washington, D.C., metro area with a 30-year history of helping to deliver results across the developing world. In 2008, we became part of Coffey International Limited. Since that time, we have greatly expanded our ability to respond seamlessly and flexibly to client needs with Coffey&#39;s international development offices in the United Kingdom and Australia.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: Chef de sous-délégation – Ati – Batha – TCHAD – H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Croix-Rouge FrançaiseCountry: ChadClosing date: 02 Feb 2015Contexte du posteLa Croix-Rouge du Tchad (CRT) et la Croix-Rouge française (CRf) sont en relation depuis les années 70, et travaillent en partenariat au Tchad de manière permanente depuis 1998. La CRf s’est impliquée à travers ce partenariat sur la ville de Moundou (sud du pays) depuis novembre 2004 dans le domaine de l’eau, de l’assainissement, de l’hygiène, et depuis 2010 dans le Sahel (région du Batha) afin de répondre à la crise nutritionnelle en premier lieu.En 2014, la CRf mène plusieurs projets en partenariat

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Sr. Finance Analyst, International Services Finance (source: Relief Web)

Organization: American Red CrossCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 08 Dec 2014The American Red Cross (ARC) International Services Department (ISD) seeks to prevent and alleviate human suffering around the world by responding to disasters, building safer, more resilient communities, and educating future humanitarians. With programs and partners in 70 countries, the American Red Cross working to strengthen the global Red Cross Red Crescent Network in order to deliver critical assistance to some of the most vulnerable communities in the world, reaching 100 million people annually.SUMMARYThe

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Jordan: WASH COORDINATOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARE USACountry: JordanClosing date: 05 Dec 2014CARE is seeking for a WASH Coordinator who will be responsible for assessment, design and implementation of the water, sanitation and hygiene component of CARE’s emergency response to be conducted primarily through local implementing partners. S/he will need to co-ordinate with other CARE team members, especially logistics, to ensure a rapid, proportionate and effective response. S/he will need to ensure response to immediate WASH issues with simultaneous consideration of longer term needs and possible scenarios. The WASH Coordinator

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Pakistan: Programme Manager/Chief of Party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: PakistanClosing date: 12 Dec 2014OPEN TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL CANDIDATESClassification: Official, Grade P4Type of Appointment : Fixed term, one year with possibility of extensionEstimated Start Date : As soon as possibleReference Code: VN2014/124(O)-EXTEstablished in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. It

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Co-ordinator (source: OWSA)

Janak Samiti invites applications for Co-ordinator in Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh. Last date to receive applications: December 18, 2014.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Manager, Procure to Pay and Payroll (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Dec 2014Population Services International (PSI) is the world’s leading non-profit social marketing organization, with a mission to measurably improve the health of poor and vulnerable people in the developing world by influencing their behavior, principally through social marketing of family planning and health products and services, and health communications. PSI has programs in more than 60 countries and works in malaria, HIV, reproductive health, child survival, and tuberculosis. PSI&#39;s core values

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Accounts and Marketing Coordinator (source: OWSA)

Seva Kendra Calcutta invites applications for Accounts and Marketing Coordinator in Kharagpur, West Midnapore, West Bengal. Last date to receive applications: December 18, 2014.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Operations Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Syria ReliefCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Qualifications and Education Requirements:Preferred Bachelors in Business Management | Any related degree in humanitarianism, development, disaster management or NGO management| MBA is an advantage. Relevant experience may be consideredGeneral Work Experience:3-5 years’ experience in operations management with good knowledge of Financial Management and contract management. Preferably with experience in NGO management, organizational effectiveness and operations management implementing best practices with excellent interpersonal

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

India: P3-Project Officer, New Delhi UNESCO MGIEP (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationCountry: IndiaClosing date: 24 Dec 2014Title: Project OfficerDomain:EducationPost Number: 4INEDPA002GIGrade: P3 (Re-advertisement)Organizational Unit: Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable DevelopmentPrimary Location: New Delhi, IndiaType of contract: Project AppointmentAnnual salary: With dependent: approx. 84,889 USDWithout dependent: approx. 79,239 USDDuration of contract: One year with possibility of extension depending on availability of funds and performanceDeadline(*midnight, India

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Special Studies and Surveys Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Development Alternatives, Inc.Country: LiberiaClosing date: 22 Dec 2014DAI leads the USAID-funded Liberia Food and Enterprise Development (FED) program, a comprehensive and market-driven effort to improve food security—in terms of food availability, utilization, and affordability—by building indigenous incentive structures that assist a range of agricultural stakeholders to adopt a commercial approach.USAID Liberia’s programs operate within the US Foreign Assistance Framework for ‘rebuilding countries’ with the respective goal to: “Assist in the construction or reconstruction

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Enterprise Development Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Development Alternatives, Inc.Country: LiberiaClosing date: 22 Dec 2014DAI leads the USAID-funded Liberia Food and Enterprise Development (FED) program, a comprehensive and market-driven effort to improve food security—in terms of food availability, utilization, and affordability—by building indigenous incentive structures that assist a range of agricultural stakeholders to adopt a commercial approach.USAID Liberia’s programs operate within the US Foreign Assistance Framework for ‘rebuilding countries’ with the respective goal to: “Assist in the construction or reconstruction

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior Program Officer, Nigeria (source: Relief Web)

Organization: US Institute of PeaceCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 20 Dec 2014THE ORGANIZATIONThe United States Institute of Peace is an independent quasi-federal institution established and funded by the U.S. Congress to:Prevent and resolve violent international conflict; Promote post-conflict stability and development; Increase peacebuilding capacity, tools, and intellectual capital.The Institute accomplishes its mission through direct engagement in peacebuilding efforts around the world, and by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources.SUMMARYThe Program

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Viet Nam: Program Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: Viet NamClosing date: 26 Nov 2014Key roles:As a senior member of the Country Office Senior Management Team (SMT) your major responsibilities will include:· Contribute significantly in setting the strategic program direction of the Country Office , implementing the new program strategy, aligning project initiatives, and mobilising resources for CARE Vietnam&#39;s long term programs· Be responsible for ensuring the establishment and management of processes to support high quality development and implementation of program initiatives· Providing leadership on

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Deputy Chief of Party, Uganda (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: UgandaClosing date: 31 Jan 2015This is your opportunity to use your experience in international project management, preferably in administering USAID programs, to help improve the lives and futures of some of the world&#39;s most vulnerable children.You can do this by joining World Vision (WV)–a global network of people committed to enhance the well-being and protection of children everywhere by empowering them, their families and communities to overcome the challenges of poverty and injustice.The Deputy Chief of Party (DCOP) will assist the Chief of Party

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Chief of Party, Uganda (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: UgandaClosing date: 31 Jan 2015This is your opportunity to use your experience in international project management, preferably in administering USAID programs, to help improve the lives and futures of some of the world&#39;s most vulnerable children.You can do this by joining World Vision (WV)–a global network of people committed to enhance the well-being and protection of children everywhere by empowering them, their families and communities to overcome the challenges of poverty and injustice.The Chief of Party (COP) will provide overall leadership and

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Chief of Party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Executive Service CorpsCountry: MaliClosing date: 28 Feb 2015IESC – the International Executive Service Corps – is a US based not-for-profit with a focus on supporting private enterprise in developing countries. We have worked in partnership with local people in 130 countries - mainly with the generous support of USAID - designing, implementing, managing and evaluating a wide range of market driven solutions along the entire value chain of a company or industry.IESC is seeking an experienced Chief of Party (COP) for a Financial Services Program in Mali. The anticipated

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Senior Technical Advisor, Malaria Program/Global Fund Liaison (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Sciences for HealthCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 20 Feb 2015OVERVIEW:The Leadership, Management and Governance Project (LMG) is a global five-year Cooperative Agreement awarded by USAID/Washington, designed to strengthen and expand the people-centered capacity building strategy pioneered under the previous Leadership, Management, and Sustainability Program. The LMG Project’s objective is to support health systems strengthening by addressing the gap in leadership, management and governance capacity of policy makers, health care providers and program managers to

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: FIELD FORESTRY PROJECT OFFICER (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Conservation InternationalCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 26 Nov 2014Working in 30+ countries globally, Conservation International (CI) Foundation is a non-profit organization committed to empowering societies to responsibly and sustainable care for nature for the good of humanity. We are constantly growing and expanding into areas new and old. With each step, we need more and more hands. Apply your passion, skills, and talents to helping us protect the most important places around the world. We are currently looking to fill the following position for our office in Pakpak Bharat:Responsibilities:·

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Distribution Program Manager – Iraqi Kurdistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: IraqClosing date: 31 Jan 2015I. Background on ACTEDACTED is a French humanitarian NGO, founded in 1993, which supports vulnerable populations, affected by humanitarian crises worldwide. ACTED provides continued support to vulnerable communities by ensuring the sustainability of post-crisis interventions and engaging long-term challenges facing our target populations, in order to break the poverty cycle, foster development and reduce vulnerability to disasters. Our interventions seek to cover the multiple aspects of humanitarian

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Senior Programme Officer, Resilience (0282) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Christian AidCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 10 Dec 2014About usChristian Aid tackles poverty at its source, challenging and changing the causes that keep poor people poor. And while one day soon we will end injustices like climate change, that won’t help the farmer whose crops are failing today. We need to help people adapt now and for tomorrow – and we need you to help us do it.About the roleThis is an exciting and challenging opportunity to contribute to Christian Aid’s impact on poverty, by providing programme management support

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: TERRESTRIAL PROGRAM DIRECTOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Conservation InternationalCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 25 Nov 2014Working in 30+ countries globally, Conservation International (CI) Foundation is a non-profit organization committed to empowering societies to responsibly and sustainably care for nature for the good of humanity. We are constantly growing and expanding into areas new and old. With each step, we need more and more hands. Apply your passion, skills, and talents to helping us protect the most important places around the world. We are currently looking to fill the following position for our office in Jakarta.The

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: SLP Grants and Contracts Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Conservation InternationalCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 26 Nov 2014Working in 30+ countries globally, Conservation International (CI) Foundation is a non-profit organization committed to empowering societies to responsibly and sustainable care for nature for the good of humanity. We are constantly growing and expanding into areas new and old. With each step, we need more and more hands. Apply your passion, skills, and talents to helping us protect the most important places around the world. We are currently looking to fill the following position for our officein Jakarta:Responsibilities:·

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Deputy Country Project Director (source: Relief Web)

Country: AfghanistanClosing date: 20 Feb 2015****Overall Responsibilities****The Deputy Project Director will be responsible for the development and implementation of technical assistance plan. He or she will be responsible for ensuring technical quality of all project technical outputs. , The Deputy will assist the Project Director in coordinating and managing program activities for the Afghanistan SPS Associate Award. S/he provides oversight on assigned program components especially those related to supply chain management operational and development activities. S/he assists in coordinating

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Solomon Islands: Consultant for the Final Evaluation of two OFDA-funded projects in Solomon Islands (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Croix-Rouge FrançaiseCountry: Solomon IslandsClosing date: 30 Nov 2014The French Red Cross is looking for a consultant for the Final Evaluation of two OFDA-funded projects (access to water and hygiene promotion), implemented by the FRC in the Solomon Islands.Location: Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal and Malaita provinces)*Time dedicated to the evaluation:*20 working-daysStarting date:January 12th, 20151. Presentation of French Red Cross and Solomon Islands Red Cross SocietyThe overall mission of the French Red Cross (FRC) is to prevent and alleviate all human suffering,

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Support Services and Liaison Manager Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mines Advisory GroupCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 07 Dec 2014The total salary package for this position is £37,384 - £40,972 per annum* (circa $59,800 - $65,500 USD) including basic salary, hardship allowance, programme management allowance and cost of living allowance.About MAG:MAG saves lives and builds futures by working with others to reclaim land contaminated with the debris of conflict, to reduce the daily risk of death or injury for civilians, and to create safe and secure conditions for development. MAG shared the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize as a founding member of the International

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Security Coordinator Somalia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mines Advisory GroupCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 07 Dec 2014Security Coordinator Somalia, Fixed Term (6 months)The total salary package for this position is £37,384 - £40,972 per annum(circa $59,800 - $65,500 USD)including basic salary, hardship allowance, programme management allowance and cost of living allowance.**About MAG:** MAG saves lives and builds futures by working with others to reclaim land contaminated with the debris of conflict, to reduce the daily risk of death or injury for civilians, and to create safe and secure conditions for development. MAG shared the

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: Stagiaire Audit - Paris (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: FranceClosing date: 31 Jan 2015I. ACTEDACTED est une ONG créée en 1993 dont l’objet est la mise en œuvre de programmes d’urgence, de reconstruction et de développement dans les pays en crise et en voie de développement..ACTED intervient aujourd’hui, dans 30 pays sur 5 zones (Asie, Afrique, Amérique, Europe et Moyen-Orient) et emploie environ 200 expatriés et près de 4000 nationaux avec un budget en 2010 de 100M d’€ pour 350 projets dans le monde.Suivant une approche de développement intégré répondant à la fois aux

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Administrator / Logistician – Iraq - DAU - Handicap International (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: IraqClosing date: 10 Dec 2014NGO PRESENTATIONHandicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: USPSC - OTI Deputy Country Representative - Syria (source: Relief Web)

Country: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Dec 2014The USAID/Office of Transition Initiatives (OTI) has opened a new position for a Deputy Country Representative - Syria. This is a full-time Personal Services Contract (PSC) position at the GS-13 equivalent level. The position is open to U.S. citizens only due to security clearance requirements.Applications for this position are due no later than December 15, 2014 at 5:00 pm EST.How to apply:For full information about this position, as well as instructions on how to apply, please visit www.globalcorps.com.

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan: Chief of party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, TajikistanClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Chemonics seeks a chief of party for an anticipated USAID-funded health project in Central Asia. The project aims to increase use of evidence-based government- and NGO-provided HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for targeted populations. The chief of party will provide overall technical and management oversight. We are looking for individuals who have a passion for making a difference in the lives of people around the world.Responsibilities include:Provide overall strategic, technical,

Fri, 21 Nov 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Project Officer (source: IIED)

Project Officer This role offers a highly attractive opportunity to help develop a significant global initiative in ways that will influence a diverse range of audiences and make a major contribution to debate and action around the world.Closing date:&nbsp;10a